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Epidemiological characteristics of cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in 4 provinces of China / 中华流行病学杂志
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 592-597, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-985532
Biblioteca responsável: WPRO
ABSTRACT

Objective:

This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in (Hebei, Zhejiang, Shaanxi, Hunan) 4 provinces of China and the influence of demographic and economic characteristics on them.

Methods:

A total of 1 747 children and adolescents aged 7-17 from a Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Disease in 2018 were selected. High waist circumference, central obesity, elevated TG, elevated TC, elevated LDL-C, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, and clustering of risk factors was analyzed. χ2 test was used for univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between demographic and economic factors and risk factors, and the Cochran-Armitage trend test was used for trend analysis.

Results:

The detection rates of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, elevated blood pressure, elevated TG, elevated blood glucose, central obesity, elevated TC, and elevated LDL-C were 29.08%, 15.28%, 13.17%, 13.05%, 11.79%, 7.33%, 6.53%, and 5.15%, respectively. The rate of clustering of risk factors was 18.37%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of high waist circumference in girls was higher than that in boys (OR=1.67, 95%CI 1.26-2.22), and the risk of elevated blood glucose and clustering of risk factors was lower than that in boys (OR=0.69, 95%CI 0.49-0.99; OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.53-0.99). The risk of high waist circumference, decreased HDL-C, and clustering of risk factors in 13-17 years old group was higher than that in the 7-year-olds group (OR=2.24, 95%CI 1.65-3.04; OR=1.59, 95%CI 1.20-2.11; OR=1.75, 95%CI 1.26-2.44), but the risk of central obesity was lower (OR=0.54, 95%CI 0.37-0.78). The risk of elevated TC, elevated TG, and decreased HDL-C in children and adolescents in southern was higher than that in northern parts of China (OR=1.88, 95%CI 1.25-2.83; OR=1.61, 95%CI 1.17-2.22; OR=1.55, 95%CI 1.19-2.04), but the risk of high waist circumference and central obesity was lower than that in northern China (OR=0.57, 95%CI 0.43-0.75; OR=0.62, 95%CI 0.42-0.90). The risk of decreased HDL-C in rural children and adolescents was higher than in urban children and adolescents (OR=1.36, 95%CI 1.02-1.83). The risk of multiple risk factors increased with the increase in average monthly household income per capita and BMI level.

Conclusions:

High waist circumference, decreased HDL-C and elevated blood pressure were prominent cardio-metabolic risk factors among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in 4 provinces of China in 2018. The region, average monthly household income per capita, and BMI were the main influencing factors of cardio-metabolic risk factors.
Assuntos
Texto completo: Disponível Base de dados: WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) Assunto principal: Glicemia / Índice de Massa Corporal / China / Fatores de Risco / Estudos de Coortes / Circunferência da Cintura / Obesidade Abdominal / Hipertensão / LDL-Colesterol / Obesidade Limite: Adolescente / Criança / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: Ásia Idioma: Chinês Revista: Chinese Journal of Epidemiology Ano de publicação: 2023 Tipo de documento: Artigo
Texto completo: Disponível Base de dados: WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) Assunto principal: Glicemia / Índice de Massa Corporal / China / Fatores de Risco / Estudos de Coortes / Circunferência da Cintura / Obesidade Abdominal / Hipertensão / LDL-Colesterol / Obesidade Limite: Adolescente / Criança / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: Ásia Idioma: Chinês Revista: Chinese Journal of Epidemiology Ano de publicação: 2023 Tipo de documento: Artigo
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