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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the outcomes after acupoint application in patients with pharyngeal pain in a real-world settings, and analyze the characteristics of effective population and prescription characteristics of acupoint application.@*METHODS@#Based on CHUNBO platform, patients with pharyngeal pain who were candidates for acupoint application on the basis of physician-evaluation, were enrolled in a nationwide, prospective, 69-week multicenter observational study from August 2020 to February 2022. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match the confounding factors and the association rules were used to analyze the characteristics of effective population and prescription characteristics of acupoint application. Outcome assessments included the disappearance rate of pharyngeal pain (within 3, 7, and 14 days), disappearance time of pharyngeal pain, as well as adverse events.@*RESULTS@#Of 7,699 enrolled participants, 6,693 (86.9%) received acupoint application and 1,450 (21.7%) with non-acupoint application. After PSM, there were 1,004 patients each in the application group (AG) and non-application group (NAG). The disappearance rate of pharyngeal pain in the AG at 3, 7, and 14 days were all higher than those in the NAG (P<0.05). The disappearance time of pharyngeal pain in the AG were shorter than that in the NAG (logrank P<0.001, hazard ratio=1.51, 95% confidence interval: 1.41-1.63). The median age of effective cases was 4 years, mainly 3-6 years old (40.21%). The disappearance rate of pharyngeal pain in the application group with tonsil diseases was 2.19 times higher than that in the NAG (P<0.05). The commonly used acupoints for the effective cases were Tiantu (RN 22), Shenque (RN 8) and Dazhui (DU 14). The commonly used herbs for the effective cases were Natrii sulfas, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, and Herba Ephedrae. Among them, Natrii sulfas was applied to RN 8 most frequently (support 84.39%). A total of 1,324 (17.2%) patients experienced AEs, and mainly occurred in the AG, with significant difference in the incidence of AEs between goups (P<0.05). All AEs reported were the first grade, and the average regression days of AEs was 2.8 days.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupoint application in patients with pharyngeal pain resulted in improved effective rate and shortened duration, especially children aged 3-6 years old, and those with tonsil diseases. Acupoint of RN 22, RN 8 and DU 14, Natrii sulfas, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, and Herba Ephedrae were the most commonly used herbs in the treatment of pharyngeal pain.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Acupuncture Points , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Prospective Studies , Pain
2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 565-573, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013655

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the efficacy of levosimendan on hypoxia pulmonary hypertension through animal experiments, and to further explore the potential mechanism of action using network pharmacological methods and molecular docking technique. Methods The rat model of hypoxia pulmonary hypertension was constructed to detect right heart systolic pressure and right heart remodeling index. HE , Masson, and VG staining were core targets were screened out. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed using the DAVID database. Molecular docking of the core targets was performed with the AutoDock software. Results The results of animal experiments showed that levosimendan had obvious therapeutic effect on hypoxia pulmonary hypertension. The network pharmacology results showed that SRC, HSP90AA1, MAPK1, PIK3R1, AKT1, HRAS, MAPK14, LCK, EGFR and ESR1 used to analyze the changes of rat lung histopathology. Search the Swiss Target Prediction, DrugBank Online, BatMan, Targetnet, SEA, and PharmMapper databases were used to screen for drug targets. Disease targets were retrieved from the GeneCards, OMIM databases. The "drug-target-disease" network was constructed after identification of the two intersection targets. The protein interaction network was constructed and the were the key targets to play a therapeutic role. Molecular docking showed good docking of levosimendan with all the top five core targets with degree values. Conclusions Levosimendan may exert a therapeutic effect on hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension through multiple targets.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2023_0067, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441296

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of inflammatory respiratory system disease characterized by chronic airflow limitation. Aerobic exercise training is believed to influence the drug treatment of this disease positively. Objective: Study the impact of complementary aerobic exercise intervention on pharmacological treatment in patients with COPD. Methods: In a controlled experiment, 40 volunteers under pharmacological treatment for COPD were selected and equally divided into two groups. The experimental group was treated with aerobic exercise training and drug treatment, while the control group was treated with regular drug treatment only. The exercise protocol lasted 60 minutes daily for a total period of eight weeks. Borg scale, oxygen saturation, and six-minute walk test among other markers were checked before and after the intervention. Results: According to the data obtained from the experiment, the peak oxygen consumption of aerobic exercise combined with the drug group was from 1,205.42±293.74ml/min to 1,301.84±293.91ml/min, peak ventilation started at 37.85±11.67L/min to 48.81±13.11L/min. However, the variations in the control group were not significant. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise associated with pharmacological intervention positively influenced the treatment of patients with COPD. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) é um tipo de doença inflamatória do sistema respiratório caracterizada pela limitação crônica do fluxo de ar. Acredita-se que o treinamento com exercícios aeróbicos possa influenciar positivamente no tratamento medicamentoso dessa enfermidade. Objetivo: Estudar os impactos da intervenção complementar com exercícios aeróbicos sobre o tratamento farmacológico em portadores de DPOC. Métodos: Através de um experimento controlado, 40 voluntários sob tratamento farmacológico para DPOC foram selecionados e igualmente divididos em dois grupos. O grupo experimental foi tratado com treinamento de exercício aeróbico combinado com o tratamento medicamentoso, enquanto o grupo controle foi tratado apenas com o tratamento medicamentoso regular. O protocolo de exercícios teve duração de 60 minutos diários, num período total de oito semanas. A escala de Borg, saturação de oxigênio, teste de caminhada de seis minutos entre outros marcadores foram verificados antes e após a intervenção. Resultados: De acordo com os dados obtidos do experimento, o pico de consumo de oxigênio do exercício aeróbico combinado com o grupo de fármacos foi de 1.205,42±293,74ml/min para 1.301,84±293,91ml/min, pico de ventilação iniciou em 37,85±11,67L/min para 48,81±13,11L/min. Porém as variações no grupo controle não foram significativas. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico associado à intervenção farmacológica representou uma influência positiva no tratamento dos pacientes portadores de DPOC. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es un tipo de enfermedad inflamatoria del sistema respiratorio caracterizada por la limitación crónica del flujo aéreo. Se cree que el entrenamiento con ejercicios aeróbicos puede influir positivamente en el tratamiento farmacológico de esta enfermedad. Objetivo: Estudiar el impacto de la intervención complementaria con ejercicios aeróbicos sobre el tratamiento farmacológico en pacientes con EPOC. Métodos: Mediante un experimento controlado, se seleccionaron 40 voluntarios bajo tratamiento farmacológico para la EPOC y se dividieron equitativamente en dos grupos. El grupo experimental fue tratado con entrenamiento de ejercicio aeróbico combinado con tratamiento farmacológico, mientras que el grupo de control fue tratado únicamente con tratamiento farmacológico regular. El protocolo de ejercicio duró 60 minutos diarios durante un período total de ocho semanas. Se comprobaron la escala de Borg, la saturación de oxígeno y la prueba de la marcha de seis minutos, entre otros marcadores, antes y después de la intervención. Resultados: Según los datos obtenidos del experimento, el consumo máximo de oxígeno del grupo de ejercicio aeróbico combinado con fármaco fue de 1.205,42±293,74ml/min a 1.301,84±293,91ml/min, la ventilación máxima comenzó en 37,85±11,67L/min a 48,81±13,11L/min. Sin embargo, las variaciones en el grupo de control no fueron significativas. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico asociado a la intervención farmacológica tuvo una influencia positiva en el tratamiento de los pacientes con EPOC. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976505

ABSTRACT

The National Disease Control and Prevention Bureau and the National Health Commission jointly issued an announcement on Notice on Carrying out Pilot Work of Occupational Health Classification Supervision and Law Enforcement, which presented a method of comprehensive risk assessment method of occupational disease hazards of employers. This method embraces relevant factors at full scale and is simple in operation, but its applicability and accuracy of assessment results need further practical study. Based on the steps of occupational health risk assessment and proven occupational health risk assessment methods available at home and abroad, this paper proposed improvements and discussed the comprehensive risk assessment method of occupational disease hazards of employers, so as to provide a technical basis to implement the occupational disease hazard classification management of employers for relevant government supervision departments.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical manifestations and laboratory indicators of anti-Sjögren's-syndrome-related antigen A (SSA) antibody associated fetal cardiac disease.@*METHODS@#Pregnant women hospitalized at Peking University People's Hospital from January 2013 to July 2023 were included. Eleven patients with anti-SSA antibody positive were eventually diagnosed with fetal cardiac di-sease. And patients with anti-SSA antibody positive without fetal cardiac disease were selected as controls. Clinical manifestations, laboratory indications and drug usage were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Among these 11 patients, congenital heart block was confirmed in seven, which was the most common manifestations of fetal cardiac malformation. The proportion of the patients diagnosed with autoimmune disease before pregnancy in fetal cardiac malformation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P=0.032), while most of the patients in the fetal cardiac malformation group received immune-related examinations for the first time because of this time's fetal cardiac diagnosis. While most of the patients in the control group received routine examinations because of autoimmune diseases diagnosed before pregnancy. During pregnancy, the white blood cell level [(9.29±2.58)×109/L vs. (7.10±1.90×109/L, t=3.052, P=0.004], erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(49.50 (48.00, 51.00) mm/h vs. 23.00 (15.00, 30.25) mm/h, Z=-2.251, P=0.024], IgA level [3.46 (2.30, 5.06) g/L vs. 2.13 (1.77, 2.77) g/L, Z=-2.181, P=0.029], and antinuclear antibody (ANA) titers [1∶320 (1∶160, 1∶320) vs. 1∶80 (1∶40, 1∶160), Z=-3.022, P=0.003] were significantly higher in fetal cardiac malformation group than in the control group. The proportion of positive anti-SSB antibody during pregnancy did not show a statistically significant difference between the two groups (37.5% vs. 7.7%, P=0.053). There was no significant difference in hydroxychloroquine dosage and initiation time between the two groups. The dosage of prednisone in the second and third trimesters was significantly higher in the cardiac malformation group than that in the control group, but there was no significant difference in the first trimester.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetal cardiac disease is rare in pregnant women with anti-SSA antibody. White blood cell, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, IgA, the titer of ANA positivity were higher in the fetal heart disease group during pregnancy. Since congenital heart block is difficult to reverse, its prevention and monitoring are more important than remedial treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Autoimmune Diseases , Heart Block/diagnosis , Autoantibodies , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Immunoglobulin A
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic risk factors of thymoma patients after resection, and establish a novel nomogram to predict progression free survival(PFS) of patients with thymoma.Methods:A retrospectively analysis was performed on clinicopathological datas of 267 cases of thymoma patients underwent thymoma resection in Beijing Tongren Hospital from January 2010 to December 2019. The univariate and multivariate Cox risk ratio models were used to analyze the related factors that might affect PFS, and the prediction nomogram of PFS after thymoma resection was established using the screened independent risk factors. Then the predictive ability of the model was evaluated. Results:The univariate analysis showed that age, type of surgery, completeness of resection, WHO histologic classification, TNM stage and postoperative adjuvant therapy were significantly correlated with PFS after thymoma resection( P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that only age and TNM stage were independent prognostic factors affecting PFS after thymoma resection( P<0.05). The concordance index( C- index) of the prediction model for the prognosis of thymoma patients established by this method was 0.866(95% CI: 0.809-0.923), which had remarkable predictive efficiency. Conclusion:The nomogram model is constructed and verified based on age and TNM stage, excluding the interference of other clinicopathological factors on prognosis assessment, and which is convenient for clinicians to quickly and individually evaluate the prognosis of patients after thymoma resection.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and risk factors of death in patients with infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB).Methods:The clinical data of 219 IPN patients who were managed at the Department of General Surgery of Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 142 males, and 77 females, with a median age [ M( Q1, Q3)] of 51(38, 62) years old. Based on the pre-sence or absence of MDRB infection, these patients were divided into the MDRB-infected group ( n=117) and the non-MDRB-infected group ( n=102). Clinical features and outcomes were compared between the two groups, and the risk factors resulting in death in patients with MDRB infection were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for poor outcomes in patients with MDRB. Results:There were significant differences in etiologies, distribution characteristics of necrosis and degrees of pancreatic necrosis between the two groups (all P<0.05). When compared with the non-MDRB-infected group, the CT severity index, the levels of procalcitonin and interleukin-6 were significantly higher in the MDRB group on admission, while the hematocrit was significantly lower (all P<0.05). Furthermore, when compared with the non-MDRB infection group, patients with MDRB infection were significantly more likely to have fungal infections [37.6%(44/117) vs. 21.6%(22/102)] and extrapancial infections [75.2%(88/117) vs. 58.8%(60/102)], more patients underwent surgery [89.7%(105/117) vs. 67.6%(69/102)], and more surgical procedures were performed [3(2, 4) times vs. 2(1, 3) times], with a higher incidence of postoperative complications [36.2%(38/117) vs. 18.8%(13/102)], an increase in a new-onset organ failure after surgery [37.1%(39/117) vs. 21.7%(15/102)], a higher in-hospital mortality rate [25.6%(30/117) vs. 10.8%(11/102)], longer hospitalization [39(28, 67) d vs. 29(18, 35) d] and ICU stays [22(10, 42) d vs. 11(6, 18) d], and a longer need for parenteral nutrition [19(9, 37) d vs. 15(7, 25) d, all P<0.05]. On multivariate regression analysis, the risk factor for death in the MDRB-infected group was co-fungal infection ( OR=1.199, 95% CI: 1.025-1.402). On the other hand, receiving therapy containing tigacycline ( OR=0.831, 95% CI: 0.715-0.965) and minimally invasive surgery ( OR=0.698, 95% CI: 0.562-0.868) reduced the risk of death in the MDRB-infected group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:IPN patients with MDRB infection had higher levels of inflammation, more serious pancreatic necrosis, longer treatment time, and increased need for surgical treatment. Measures involving fungal infection control and the use of tigacyclin and minimally invasive surgery reduced the risks of death in patients with MDRB infection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993315

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) refers to insufficient or non-synchronous secretion of trypsin caused by various reasons, resulting in dyspepsia and other symptoms. Intestinal microbiota is a large number of microbiota on the surface of intestinal mucosa. Its main functions include intestinal immune function, forming intestinal biological barrier and participating in the regulation of nutrition and metabolism. Due to aging, some elderly people often have unexplained chronic pancreatic insufficiency, which is often characterized by unexplained weight loss and malnutrition. Several studies have shown that the composition of intestinal microbiota changes significantly with age. This article focuses on aging and its related PEI and then reviews its possible effects on intestinal microbiota, in order to provide a reference basis for individualized prevention and treatment strategies according to the changes of pancreatic exocrine function and microbiota in the elderly.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 318-323, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992604

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is much more complex considering the unique pathophysiological changes under high-altitude hypoxic environment. Moreover, because of limited source of medical transportation and facilities at high altitude, TBI patients often lack urgent and standard treatment and have to be transported to the district medical center at high altitude or even the neurotrauma center at plain region as soon as possible. The transportation has high risk and takes serious effect on lives and prognosis of the TBI patients. Up to date, the evacuation and support process for TBI patients in the western plateau region of China has been improved through years of practice, but there are still deficiencies compared to the Critical Care Air Transport Team (CCATT). The authors sought to discuss certain issues related to medical evacuation and support after TBI at high altitude from aspects of early damage control operation and timely safety medical transportation, aiming to improve the survival rate, neurological outcomes and life quality for these patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of icariin(ICA)on the ubiquitination modification of β-amy-loid precursor protein(APP)in Alzheimer's disease mice.METHODS In vitro,① HEK 293 cells stably overex-pressing human APP695(OE-hAPP)were treated with different concentrations of ICA(10-100 μmol·L-1)for 24 h and the cell viability was detected by MTT assay.②CHX(50 mg·L-1)was used to block protein synthesis and MG132(20 μmol·L-1)inhibits proteasome activity,then the level of APP in different time(0,0.5,1,2,3 and 4 h)and the ubiquitination were tested by Western blotting.③ E3 ubiquitin ligases HMG-CoA reductase degradation pro-tein 1(HRD1)protein expression in OE-hAPP was tested by Western blotting,as well as the level and ubiquitination of APP were tested under HRD1 silent condition by Co-IP and Western blotting.In vivo,① male APP/PS1 mice and wild type(WT)mice were randomly divided into 5 groups:WT,WT+ICA,APP/PS1,APP/PS1+ICA,and APP/PS1+donepezil(DPZ)groups.ICA(60 mg·kg-1·d-1)and DPZ(1 mg·kg-1·d-1)were treated for 3 months by gavage from 6 months of age,and WT mice were given equal volume of distilled water.②Morris water maze and Y-maze experiments were used to detect the alteration of spatial learning memory function.③ After then,the brain tissues were collected,total proteins were extracted,APP antibodies were subjected to Co-IP,and total ubiqui-tination(Ub),K48-linked polyubiquitination(UbK48)and K63-linked polyubiquitination of APP level,APP and HRD1 proteins were detected by Western blotting.RESULTS In vitro results showed that ICA significantly enhanced APP degradation(vs control,P<0.01),up-reg-ulated HRD1 expression(vs control,P<0.05;vs OE-hAPP,P<0.05),elevated the level Ub and UbK48 of APP,as well as increased APP degradation.Moreover,silenced HRD1 gene abolished abovementioned effects of ICA(vs control-siRNA,P<0.05;vs HRD1-siRNA,P<0.05).In vivo results showed that ICA improved the spa-tial learning and memory function APP/PS1 mice by Mor-ris water maze and Y-maze tests,increased HRD1 expres-sion(vs APP/PS1 + vehicle,P<0.05),enhanced APP ubiquitination and reduced APP protein level(vs APP/PS1 + vehicle,P<0.01).CONCLUSION ICA promotes the ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degrada-tion of APP by up-regulating HRD1,thereby improving the spatial learning and memory function of Alzheimer disease mice.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991367

ABSTRACT

Neurosurgery is considered as one of the most difficult areas in the field of medicine, and the complexity of nervous system is a leading cause. Therefore, it demands neurosurgeons possess basic knowledge, spatial thinking, and practical experiences. Here, we introduce a rapid developing technique applying multi-modal neuroimaging reconstruction and virtual reality, which constitutes a novel learning model for boosting the growth of neurosurgeons. The incorporation of multi-modal neuroimaging and virtual reality builds a bridge from two-dimensional image to actual surgical view. Neurosurgeons are able to perform surgical planning and simulation with naked eyes under the constructed three-dimensional hologram. The technique also provides evidence of accurate localization and guidance for operation. Therefore, multi-modal neuroimaging reconstruction and virtual reality are expected to tremendously promote the progress of young trainees, and can further enhance their all-round abilities. In short, this revolutionary learning model would impact the neurosurgical specialists training profoundly.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the failure rate of enteral nutrition feeding in patients with mechanical ventilation, explore the influencing factors, and find out the existing problems and deficiencies in the process of nutrition support.Methods:Patients who were admitted to the ICU of Zhejiang People′s Hospital from June 2020 to January 2022 for mechanical ventilation and continuous enteral nutrition through the nose were retrospectively collected as the research subjects. The patients were divided into a standard group and a substandard group. Comparing the feeding status of enteral nutrition patients in the two groups on the 7th day, Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of feeding substandard.Results:A total of 82 patients (57.34%, 82/143) had feeding failure. Logistic regression analysis showed that complications ( OR=34.47, 95% CI 9.49 to 125.21) and infusion speed ( OR=0.21, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.57) were the influencing factors of feeding failure in ICU mechanical ventilation patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The feeding failure rate of ICU mechanical ventilation patients is higher than the feeding failure rate, and the slow infusion speed caused by complications and feeding intolerance is the main reason for the failure. It is suggested to set personalized feeding program for patients, optimize feeding measures, and improve the feeding failure rate.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction in treatment of cerebral infarction based on network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:The active components and action targets of Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction were screened by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP),Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID),Bioactivity data of small organic molecules (PubChem),Universal Protein (Uniprot) and Swiss Target Prediction database platform. The databases of GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), and Drug Bank and Pharmacogenomics Knowledgebase (PharmGKB) were used to screen targets of cerebral infarction. The drug target genes in Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction were intersected with those of cerebral infarction, the intersecting targets were introduced into Cytoscape 3.8.2 software to construct the component target network, and the PPI protein interaction network was constructed by using STRING analysis platform and Cytoscape 3.8.2 software to screen the core targets. Gene Ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) function enrichment analysis were carried out on the common target genes of Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction and cerebral infarction disease to obtain the relevant signal pathways. Finally, AutoDock and Pymol software were used for molecular docking between the predicted target and its corresponding components.Results:After screening, 80 effective components of Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction for treatment of cerebral infarction and 214 common targets of Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction and cerebral infarction were obtained. The core targets such as MAPK1, RELA, TP53, JUN, AKT1 and HSP90AA1 were related to the key targets of cerebral infarction, and they participated in the biological process of regulating the response to drugs, lipopolysaccharide and oxygen level, etc. The cell composition involved membrane raft, membrane micro region and nerve cell body, etc. Molecular functions mainly focused on nuclear receptor activity, ligand activated transcription factor activity, DNA binding transcription factor binding, etc.; it also involved in signal pathway of lipid and atherosclerosis, chemical carcinogen and receptor activation, fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, etc. Molecular docking showed that good binding activities were seen between Quercetin and HSP90AA1 (-9.4 kJ/mol), between Kaempferol and HSP90AA1 (-9.4 kJ/mol), between Isorhamnetin and HSP90AA1 (-9.1 kJ/mol), and between Quercetin and JUN (-8.6 kJ/mol).Conclusion:Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction can prevent and treat cerebral infarction by regulating vascular endothelial function, promoting blood circulation, repairing and improving neural function, protecting blood-brain barrier, reducing cell apoptosis, and regulating immune and inflammatory response.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989060

ABSTRACT

Procalcitonin(PCT), an important inflammatory suggestive marker of bacterial infection, has been widely used for the diagnosis of infectious diseases and guidance of antibiotic therapy in adults and children.Recent studies have shown that PCT, as a highly sensitive and specific inflammatory indicator, also has promising applications in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis, disease judgement, prognosis analysis, and antibiotic guidance of neonatal sepsis.Early PCT in neonates is characterized by physiological elevation, and it is important to understand the changing characteristics and influencing factors of PCT in neonates for an accurate clinical judgement of the disease.Therefore, we review the application value of PCT in neonatal sepsis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014730

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of isonlosinine on proliferation, invasion, migration and autophagy of PC9 cells in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to explore its possible molecular mechanism. METHODS: The effect of Isoliensinine on the proliferation of PC9 cells were measured by CCK-8 assay, and the IC50 value of PC9 cells was calculated. Wound healing and transwell experiments were used to study the effect of Isoliensinine on migration and invasion of PC9 cells in vitro, respectively. The formation of autophagosome was observed with acridine orange staining under fluorescence microscope. The expression levels of LC3, pERK and ERK in the PC9 cells were determined by western blot. RESULTS: Isonlosinine significantly inhibited the proliferation of PC9 cells. IC50 of isonlosinine (24 h) for the PC9 cells was 34.11 µmol / L. Isonlosinine significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion of PC9 cells. The results of acridine orange fluorescent staining showed that the number of the intracellular acid dye follicular bright red fluorescence in PC9 cells was significantly increased after isonlosinine treatment, while the autophagic lysosomes were rarely observed in control group. The expression of LC3-II in PC9 cells was significantly enhanced after isonlosinine treatment. Furthermore, molecular mechanism study showed that isonlosinine could activate the expression level of p-ERK. CONCLUSION: Isoliensinine significantly inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion, and induces autophagy of PC9 cells, which may be correlated with the activation of ERK signaling pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 728-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare therapy responses, outcomes, and incidence of severe hematologic adverse events of flumatinib and imatinib in patients newly diagnosed with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) . Methods: Data of patients with chronic phase CML diagnosed between January 2006 and November 2022 from 76 centers, aged ≥18 years, and received initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy within 6 months after diagnosis in China were retrospectively interrogated. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce the bias of the initial TKI selection, and the therapy responses and outcomes of patients receiving initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy were compared. Results: A total of 4 833 adult patients with CML receiving initial imatinib (n=4 380) or flumatinib (n=453) therapy were included in the study. In the imatinib cohort, the median follow-up time was 54 [interquartile range (IQR), 31-85] months, and the 7-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.2%, 88.4%, 78.3%, and 63.0%, respectively. The 7-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 71.8%, 93.0%, and 96.9%, respectively. With the median follow-up of 18 (IQR, 13-25) months in the flumatinib cohort, the 2-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.4%, 86.5%, 58.4%, and 46.6%, respectively. The 2-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 80.1%, 95.0%, and 99.5%, respectively. The PSM analysis indicated that patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had significantly higher cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) and higher probabilities of FFS than those receiving the initial imatinib therapy (all P<0.001), whereas the PFS (P=0.230) and OS (P=0.268) were comparable between the two cohorts. The incidence of severe hematologic adverse events (grade≥Ⅲ) was comparable in the two cohorts. Conclusion: Patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had higher cumulative incidences of therapy responses and higher probability of FFS than those receiving initial imatinib therapy, whereas the incidence of severe hematologic adverse events was comparable between the two cohorts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Imatinib Mesylate/adverse effects , Incidence , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pyrimidines/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Benzamides/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase/drug therapy , Aminopyridines/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 660-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012209

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of two administration time strategies for rabbit antihuman thymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) of 5mg/kg total dose in matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MSD-HSCT) . Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 32 patients who received MSD-HSCT with 5 mg/kg rATG conditioning regimen at the Department of Hematology of the First Medical Center of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 2020 to April 2022. The patients were classified into two groups: the 4d-rATG group (16 cases), who received antithymocyte globulin (ATG) from day -5 to day -2, and the 2d-rATG group (16 cases), who received ATG from day -5 to day -4. Between the two groups, the transplantation outcomes, serum concentrations of active antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in patients from -4 days to 28 days after graft infusion (+28 days), and the reconstitution of lymphocyte subsets on days +30, +60, and +90 were compared. Results: The cumulative incidences of acute graft-versus-host disease at 100 days after graft infusion were 25.0% (95% CI 7.8% -47.2% ) and 18.8% (95% CI 4.6% -40.2% ) (P=0.605) in the 4d-rATG group and 2d-rATG group, respectively. The 1-year cumulative incidences of chronic graft-versus-host disease were 25.9% (95% CI 8.0% -48.6% ) and 21.8% (95% CI 5.2% -45.7% ) (P=0.896). The 1-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 37.5% (95% CI 18.9% -65.1% ) and 14.6% (95% CI 3.6% -46.0% ) (P=0.135), and the 1-year probabilities of overall survival were 75.0% (95% CI 46.3% -89.8% ) and 100% (P=0.062). The total area under the curve (AUC) of serum active ATG was 36.11 UE/ml·d and 35.89 UE/ml·d in the 4d-rATG and 2d-rATG groups, respectively (P=0.984). The AUC was higher in the 4d-rATG group than that in the 2d-rATG group (20.76 UE/ml·d vs 15.95 UE/ml·d, P=0.047). Three months after graft infusion, the average absolute count of CD8(+) T lymphocytes in the 4d-rATG group was lower than that in the 2d-rATG group (623 cells/μl vs 852 cells/μl, P=0.037) . Conclusion: The efficiencies of GVHD prophylaxis in MSD-PBSCT receiving 4d-ATG regimen and the 2d-rATG regimen were found to be similar. The reconstruction of CD8(+)T lymphocytes in the 2d-rATG group was better than that in the 4d-rATG group, which is related to the lower AUC of active ATG after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Humans , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Siblings , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Transplantation Conditioning
18.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1439-1453, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010625

ABSTRACT

In the central nervous system, nitric oxide (NO), a free gas with multitudinous bioactivities, is mainly produced from the oxidation of L-arginine by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). In the past 20 years, the studies in our group and other laboratories have suggested a significant involvement of nNOS in a variety of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. In particular, the interactions between the PDZ domain of nNOS and its adaptor proteins, including post-synaptic density 95, the carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand of nNOS, and the serotonin transporter, significantly influence the subcellular localization and functions of nNOS in the brain. The nNOS-mediated protein-protein interactions provide new attractive targets and guide the discovery of therapeutic drugs for neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we summarize the work on the roles of nNOS and its association with multiple adaptor proteins on neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Brain/metabolism , Nervous System Diseases
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008107

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out the potential prediction genes for nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC)from the gene microarray data of NPC samples and then verify the genes by cell experiments.Methods The NPC dataset was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus,and limma package was employed to screen out the differentially expressed genes.Weighted correlation network analysis package was used for weighted gene co-expression network analysis,and Venn diagram was drawn to find the common genes.The gene ontology annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment were then performed for the common genes.The biomarkers for NPC were further explored by protein-protein interaction network,LASSO regression,and non-parametric tests.Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting were employed to determine the mRNA and protein levels of key predictors of NPC,so as to verify the screening results.Results There were 622 up-regulated genes and 351 down-regulated genes in the GSE12452 dataset.A total of 116 common genes were obtained by limma analysis and weighted gene co-expression network analysis.The common genes were mainly involved in the biological processes of cell proliferation and regulation and regulation of intercellular adhesion.They were mainly enriched in Rap1,Ras,and tumor necrosis factor signaling pathways.Six key genes were screened out,encoding angiopoietin-2(ANGPT2),dual oxidase 2(DUOX2),coagulation factor Ⅲ(F3),interleukin-15(IL-15),lipocalin-2,and retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor B(RORB).Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting showed that the NPC cells had up-regulated mRNA and protein levels of ANGPT2 and IL-15 and down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of DUOX2,F3,and RORB,which was consistent with the results predicted by bioinformatics.Conclusion ANGPT2,DUOX2,F3,IL-15 and RORB are potential predictive molecular markers and therapeutic targets for NPC,which may be involved in Rap1,Ras,tumor necrosis factor and other signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Interleukin-15 , Dual Oxidases , Computational Biology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007852

ABSTRACT

In August 2021, three students with diarrhea from the same school visited a local hospital in the S district of Beijing. An epidemic investigation showed that there were more students with diarrhea in the same school and they had one meal together. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from both patients with diarrhea and asymptomatic food handlers; however, the latter also carried Campylobacter coli. Phylogenomic analysis showed that there was a campylobacteriosis outbreak among the students, and the asymptomatic food handler may have been the source of the infection. Routine inspection and surveillance for Campylobacter is needed for the food producing staff, particularly those cooking in the cafeteria in schools or other public food services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Campylobacter Infections/epidemiology , Gastroenteritis , Diarrhea , Campylobacter , Disease Outbreaks
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