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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 183-187, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005442

ABSTRACT

Four pyrazines were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of Hypecoum erectum L. by using various chromatographic methods, including MCI gel, ODS, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified as hyperectpyrazin A (1), 1′S-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)-ethane-1′,2′-diol (2), 2-hydroxymethyl-6-methylpyrazin (3) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (4) by spectroscopy methods (1D NMR, 2D NMR, UV, IR, MS, etc.). The absolute configuration of compound 2 was determined by using the Mo2(OAc)4 induced CD analysis for the first time. Compound 1 was a new compound, compounds 2-4 were isolated from H. erectum for the first time. Compounds 1-4 were evaluated for their inhibition against acetylcholinesterase and nitric oxide generation induced by lipopolysaccharide-RAW264.7 macrophage cells. At a concentration of 50 μmol·L-1, compounds 2 and 4 displayed inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase with the inhibition rates of 44.40% and 43.99%, respectively.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 286-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of peritumoral vascular invasion (PVI) on the prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma.Methods:A total of 232 patients with primary osteosarcoma from 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, including 142 males and 90 females. The average age was 17.9±8.2 years (range, 3-39 years). There were 22 positive and 210 negative cases of PVI, 94 deaths and 138 survivals. Univariate survival analysis (Log-rank test and univariate Cox regression) was used to evaluate the effects of age, gender, PVI status, tumor location, surgical method, sensitivity to chemotherapy, and chemotherapy regimen on the prognosis of osteosarcoma. The indicators with statistically significant differences were included in the multivariate Cox regression model to finally determine the risk factors affecting the prognosis of osteosarcoma. The relationship between PVI status and 5-year survival and the incidence of recurrence or metastasis was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method.Results:All patients were followed up for 7.6±4.5 years (range, 0.1-15 years). The differences in sensitivity to chemotherapy (χ 2=9.52, P=0.002), choice of chemotherapy regimen (χ 2=8.87, P=0.012), choice of surgical modality (χ 2=13.50, P<0.001), tumor metastasis rate (χ 2=8.51, P=0.004) and mortality rate (χ 2=5.39, P= 0.020) of PVI positive group and PVI negative group had statistically significant differences. Univariate survival analysis was performed on 232 patients with osteosarcoma (gender, age, PVI status, site of tumor development, surgical modality, sensitivity to chemotherapy, and chemotherapy regimen). Indicators with statistically significant differences were included in a multifactorial Cox regression model. The results showed PVI positive [5-year survival rate: HR=2.02, 95% CI (1.61, 2.79), P=0.010; 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate: HR=2.25, 95% CI (1.55, 3.14), P<0.001], surgical procedure as amputation [5-year survival rate: HR=1.22, 95% CI (0.94, 1.78), P=0.037; 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate: HR=1.58, 95% CI (1.11, 2.23), P=0.026] and poor sensitivity to chemotherapy [5-year survival rate: HR=2.71, 95% CI (1.84, 3.98), P=0.001; 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate: HR=2.52, 95% CI (1.88, 3.45), P<0.001] was associated with poor prognosis. Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the 5-year survival rate of PVI positive group was 34%, which was lower than 68% of PVI negative group. The 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate was 72% in the PVI negative group, which was significantly higher than 38% in the PVI negative group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The 5-year survival rate of PVI positive group was lower than that of PVI negative group, and the 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate was higher than that of PVI negative group. The presence of microvascular angiosarcoma plugs infiltrating the peritumoral tissue in surgical specimens of osteosarcoma after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a useful indicator to assess the prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 378-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore functional brain region changes and their correlation with behavioral variables based on amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) analysis using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3).Methods:In this prospective study, patients with SCA3 and healthy controls (HC) were recruited by Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University from May 2017 to March 2022. All subjects completed the scale for assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA), the international cooperative ataxia rating scale-posture and gait (ICARS-p&g), the rapid verbal retrieval (RVR) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). Meanwhile, the subjects underwent structural MRI and rs-fMRI scans. The MRI data were processed by DPABI software based on MATLAB. The normalized ALFF values of the two groups were compared using two-sample t-test, and the changes of ALFF values in the brain regions of SCA3 and HC groups were analyzed with the t-test of partial correlation coefficient. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the ALFF values of abnormal brain area and the score of neurobehavioral scale in SCA3. Results:Compared with HC group, ALFF significantly increased in the left cerebellum (Crus1, Crus2, 4_5, 6, 7b, 8, 9), right cerebelum_9, left fusiform gyrus and vermis_8; while ALFF significantly decreased in the vermis_4_5 in patients with SCA3. Correlation analysis showed that ALFF values in the left cerebellar_8 were negatively correlated with RVR scores ( r=-0.293, P=0.035), ALFF values in the left cerebellar_9 were negatively correlated with MoCA scores ( r=-0.324, P=0.019), ALFF values in the right cerebellar_9 were negatively correlated with RVR scores ( r=-0.401, P=0.003) in the SCA3 patients. ALFF in the vermis_8 was positively correlated with SARA scores ( r=0.308, P=0.026) and ICARS-p&g scores ( r=0.313, P=0.024) in the SCA3 patients. Conclusion:There are significant changes in ALFF values in the cerebellum and left fusiform gyrus in patients with SCA3, and the changes of ALFF values are closely related with communication, cognitive and movement disorders.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 523-529, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore intraoperative assessment of blood supply to the femoral head after femoral neck fracture, and the correlation between the blood supply and postoperative osteonecrosis of the femoral head.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 63 patients with femoral neck fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma and Microsurgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University by open reduction and internal fixation with hollow compression screws from April 2016 to March 2021. They were 39 males and 24 females with an age of (44.9±13.6) years. There were 42 cases of Garden type Ⅲ and 21 cases of Garden type Ⅳ. Time from injury to operation was (4.1±2.4) days. After internal fixation, a hole was drilled using a 2.0 mm Kirschner wire at 2.0 cm above the femoral head-neck junction to observe the velocity, color, and characteristics of the blood oozing at the drill hole. The patients were divided into a good oozing group of 51 cases in whom bright red blood oozing was observed within 15 seconds after drilling and a poor oozing group of 12 cases in whom dark red blood oozing was observed beyond 15 seconds after drilling. The incidence of postoperative femoral head necrosis, Harris hip score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain were compared between the 2 groups. Single factor and multi factor analyses were conducted using the Cox regression model to analyze the factors influencing postoperative femoral head necrosis in the patients.Results:The 63 patients were followed up for 24 (18, 36) months. The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between them ( P>0.05). Femoral head necrosis was observed in 3 cases in the good oozing group and in 5 cases in the poor oozing group, showing a significant difference between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). The Harris hip score [90.0 (86.0, 92.0)] and the VAS pain score [1.0 (1.0, 2.0)] at 1 year after surgery in the good oozing group were significantly better than those in the poor oozing group [85.5 (71.3, 88.8) and 2.5 (1.0, 3.8)] ( P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Garden type Ⅳ ( HR=6.784, 95% CI: 1.324 to 35.664, P=0.023) and intraoperative poor blood oozing ( HR=10.744, 95% CI: 2.359 to 51.774, P=0.003) were risk factors for femoral head necrosis after cannulated compression screw fixation of fractures of displaced femoral neck ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The blood supply to the femoral head after femoral neck fracture can be directly assessed by drilling a hole in the femoral head after open reduction and internal fixation. Intraoperative poor blood oozing is a risk factor for the femoral head necrosis after cannulated compression screw fixation of fractures of displaced femoral neck.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 422-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the radiological and clinical outcomes of the aged patients with unstable proximal humeral fracture (UPHF) treated with a locking plate and an intramedullary titanium mesh.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 43 aged patients with UPHF who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University from January 2017 to July 2019. There were 13 males and 30 females with an age of (71.3±10.3) years (from 60 to 83 years). All patients were treated with a locking plate and an intramedullary titanium mesh to support. The postoperative imaging measurements included changes in humeral head height (HHH) and neck-shaft angle (NSA) (the difference between 3 years after surgery and the second day after surgery, taken as an absolute value); the postoperative clinical measurements included visual analogue scale (VAS), range of shoulder motion, Constant-Murley shoulder functional score (Constant score), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and incidence of complications.Results:All patients were followed up for (39.2±2.3) months after surgery. The change in HHH at 3 years after surgery was (1.5±1.1) mm, and the change in NSA at 3 years after surgery 3.3°±2.6°. At 3 years after surgery, the VAS score was (2.2±1.3) points, the Constant score (79.2±9.1) points, and the ASES score (78.9±9.2) points; the range of forward extension was 143.2°±20.8°, the range of outward extension 139.3°±23.1°, and the range of outward rotation 55.1°±4.7°. Complications after surgery were found in 6 patients, including humeral head necrosis in 2 cases, ectopic ossification in 1 case, and infection in 3 cases.Conclusion:In the treatment of the aged patients with UPHF, a locking plate combined with an intramedullary titanium mesh can help to restore the medial column support, leading to fine radiological and clinical outcomes.

6.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 52-59, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967103

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Oral nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) are the mainstay treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Myotoxicity is an important extrahepatic effect related to NA treatment. Telbivudine is the NA for CHB that is frequently associated with muscle-related side effects. The risk factors for telbivudine-induced myopathy (TIM) are not yet clear. @*Methods@#This study characterized the clinical, magnetic resonance images (MRI), and pathological features of 12 TIM cases. A group of telbivudine-tolerant (TT) patients with CHB who received regular telbivudine treatment during the same period without the occurrence of myopathy was collected. Demographic and clinical factors were compared between the patients with TIM and the TT controls. Factors independently associated with TIM were identified using logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#The patients with TIM (males/females: 7/5, mean age: 57 years) developed myopathy after using telbivudine for a median period of 19.5 months. Muscle histopathology revealed abnormal proliferation, subsarcolemmal or sarcoplasmic accumulations, and ultrastructural defects of mitochondria. When compared with TT cases, patients with TIM had a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate and were more frequently positive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg). @*Conclusions@#Mitochondrial abnormalities are characteristic histopathological features, and impaired renal function and HBeAg positivity are risk factors for TIM. Telbivudine-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and immune activation related to mitochondrial damage and HBeAg serostatus changes may underlie TIM. Constant clinical surveillance of myopathy during telbivudine treatment is needed due to the significant latency of its development. Dose adjustment for impaired renal function does not eliminate the risk of TIM occurrence.

7.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 222-228, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002795

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to explore relationships between job stress and psychological adaptation and how they related to interpersonal needs through mood states among female migrant manufacturing workers. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 factories in Shenzhen, China. Sociodemographic, job stress, psychological adaptation and other psychological information of was collected. Structural equation modeling was performed to delineate the internal relationship between variables. @*Results@#The hypothetical structural equation model exhibited acceptable model fit among female migrant manufacturing workers (χ2 = 11.635, df = 2, χ2/df = 5.82, p = 0.003, RMSEA = 0.090, CFI = 0.972, SRMR = 0.020). Job stress was directly associated with mood states and interpersonal needs; Psychological adaptation was directly associated with mood states and indirectly associated with interpersonal needs; Bootstrapping tests demonstrated mediation effect of mood states in the way from psychological adaptation to interpersonal needs. @*Conclusion@#Female migrant manufacturing workers who suffered stress from job and the process of psychological adaptation may have worse mood states and workers with worse mood states are more likely to develop unmet interpersonal needs, a proximal factor of suicidal ideation.

8.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 999-1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998992

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop and validate a predictive risk model for vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes using readily accessible clinical data, which may provide a convenient and effective prediction tool for early identification and referral of at-risk populations. MethodsA nomogram model was developed using a dataset obtained from patients with T2DM who participated in the Guangzhou Diabetic Eye Study from November 2017 to December 2020. Logistic regression was used to construct the model, and model performance was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test, calibration curve and decision curve analysis. The model underwent internal validation through the mean AUC of k-fold cross-validation method, and further external validation was conducted in the Dongguan Eye Study. ResultsA total of 2 161 individuals were included in the model development dataset, of whom 135 (6.25%) people were diagnosed with VTDR. Age (P<0.001,OR=0.927,95%CI:0.898~0.957) and body mass index (P<0.001,OR =0.845,95%CI:0.821~0.932) were found to be negatively correlated with VTDR, whereas diabetes duration (P<0.001,OR=1.064,95%CI:1.035~1.094), insulin use (P =0.045,OR =1.534,95%CI:1.010~2.332), systolic blood pressure (P<0.001,OR =1.019,95%CI:1.008~1.029), glycated hemoglobin (P<0.001,OR =1.484,95%CI:1.341~1.643), and serum creatinine (P<0.001,OR =1.017,95%CI:1.010~1.023) were positively correlated with VTDR. All these variables were included in the model as predictors. The model showed strong discrimination in the development dataset with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.797 and in the external validation dataset (AUC 0.762). The Hosmer-Lemeshow test(P>0.05)and the calibration curve displayed good agreement. Decision curve analysis showed that the nomogram produced net benefit in the two datasets. ConclusionsIndependent factors influencing VTDR include age, duration of diabetes mellitus, insulin use, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and serum creatinine. The nomogram constructed using these variables demonstrates a high degree of predictive validity. The model can serve as a valuable tool for early detection and referral of VTDR in primary care clinics. Therefore, its application and promotion are highly recommended.

9.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2339-2345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998584

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of tuina manipulation with different cervical rotation angle on carotid atherosclerosis. MethodsTwenty-five New Zealand rabbits were randomly selected, 5 of which as the control group, and the other 20 rabbits as the modeling group. The modeling group were made by arterial intimal balloon injury combined with high-fat diet, and were randomly divided into model group, cervical rotation angle of 90° group, cervical rotation angle of 105° group and cervical rotation angle of 120° group (5 rabbits in each group) after successful modeling. After relaxing the neck muscles of rabbits with manipulation of one-finger meditation, rolling and dialing, the cervical vertebrae of each group was rotated by 90°, 105°and 120° respectively for 2 weeks, while the other two groups were not intervened. Then took the entire length of the left common carotid artery from the rabbit, observed the pathological morphology of the carotid artery tissue using HE staining, and observed the expression of CD68 and MMP-2 in the carotid artery tissue using immunohistochemistry staining, and conducted semi quantitative analysis. ResultsHE staining showed that there was no obvious pathological change in the carotid artery in the control group; the model group showed subintimal foam cells gathered, vascular smooth muscle cells increased and arranged disorderly, and some vascular smooth muscle cells entered the intima from the media to form a fibrous cap. Compared with the model group, the number of foam cells increased and the symptoms of lumen stenosis were improved in all groups of cervical rotation; compared with the group with 90°rotation, the endothelium tended to fall off slightly in the group with 105°rotation and 120°rotation. Compared with the control group, the model group and the cervical rotation angle of 90° group , cervical rotation angle of 105° group and cervical rotation angle of 120° group showed an increase in positive expression of CD68 and MMP-2 (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the positive expression of CD68 and MMP-2 in the cervical rotation angle of 90° group, cervical rotation angle of 105° group and cervical rotation angle of 120° group decreased (P<0.05); there was no statistically significant difference in CD68 positive expression among cervical rotation angle of 90° group, cervical rotation angle of 105° group and cervical rotation angle of 120° group compared in pairs (P>0.05); the positive expression of MMP-2 in the group of cervical rotation angle of 105° group and cervical rotation angle of 120 °group was higher than that in cervical rotation angle of 90° group (P<0.05). ConclusionTuina manipulation can promote the stability of plaque by reducing the CD68 content of macrophages and the level of MMP-2 in plaque; but as the rotation angle of the cervical spine increased, the expression of MMP-2 may increase, which may reduce the plaque stability to a certain extent and affect the therapeutic effect of tuina.

10.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995197

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of functional connectivity (FC) and regional spontaneous brain activity in patients in a minimally-conscious state (MCS).Methods:Resting-state functional near-infrared spectroscopy (rs-fNIRS) was used. Ten minimally-conscious patients were studied along with 12 healthy counterparts as healthy controls (HC). Five minutes of rs-fNIRS data were recorded from each subject and FC and the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFFs) of 53 channels were computed using the NIRS-KIT toolbox. The results were compared between the two groups.Results:Compared with the HC group, a significant decrease was observed in the average FC strength of seventeen channel pairs after false discovery rate (FDR) correction. Most were in the right and left frontal pole, as well as the dorsolateral prefrontal lobe. Compared with the HC group, the average fALFF values of Broca′s area (channel 2), the premotor cortex and the supplementary motor cortex (channels 4, 10, and 40), the dorsolateral prefrontal lobe (channels 6, 11, 25, 39), the eye motor area of the frontal lobe (channel 12) and the frontal pole (channels 23, 27, 36) were significantly greater in the MCS group. The fluctuations of the frontal pole (channel 19) were significantly less (after FDR correction).Conclusion:In an MCS spontaneous neural activity is over-active in the prefrontal lobe and some speech- and motor-related brain regions, and coordination of the internal prefrontal functional network is disordered.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 588-590, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of goal-directed analgesia/sedation for improvement in the preoperative management of the patients with aortic dissection.Methods:One hundred and ten patients of either sex, aged≥18 yr, diagnosed with arterial dissection by aortic CTA in our hospital, were divided into 2 groups ( n=55 each) using a random number table method: conventional group and goal-directed analgesia/sedation group. Routine preoperative management was performed in both groups. Fentanyl 0.13 μg/min was intravenously infused, and the infusion rate of fentanyl was adjusted to maintain the numerical rating scale (NRS) score at 0-3 at rest in conventional group. Midazolam 0.02 mg·kg -1·h -1 and fentanyl 0.13 μg/min were intravenously infused, and the infusion rates of midazolam and fentanyl were adjusted to maintain Richmond agitation-sedation score at -2 to 0 and NRS score at rest 0-3 in goal-directed analgesia/sedation group. Nicardipine was intravenously injected and the administration rate was adjusted to maintain systolic blood pressure at 100-120 mmHg, and metoprolol was taken orally to maintain the heart rate 60-70 beats/min. The time to reach the target blood pressure and consumption of fentanyl and nicardipine within 24 h were recorded, and the occurrence of drug-related adverse reactions during analgesia and sedation and perioperative death were recorded. Results:Compared with conventional group, the time to reach the target blood pressure was significantly shortened, and the consumption of fentanyl and nicardipine within 24 h was decreased in goal-directed analgesia/sedation group ( P<0.05). No adverse reactions or perioperative death was observed in two groups. Conclusions:Goal-directed analgesia/sedation (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale score -2-0, NRS score at rest 0-3) is helpful in controlling blood pressure and heart rate, thus improving the quality of preoperative management of patients with aortic dissection.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 192-203, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971686

ABSTRACT

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM), a fatal heart disease characterized by fibroadipocytic replacement of cardiac myocytes, accounts for 20% of sudden cardiac death and lacks effective treatment. It is often caused by mutations in desmosome proteins, with Desmoglein-2 (DSG2) mutations as a common etiology. However, the mechanism underlying the accumulation of fibrofatty in ACM remains unknown, which impedes the development of curative treatment. Here we investigated the fat accumulation and the underlying mechanism in a mouse model of ACM induced by cardiac-specific knockout of Dsg2 (CS-Dsg2 -/-). Heart failure and cardiac lipid accumulation were observed in CS-Dsg2 -/- mice. We demonstrated that these phenotypes were caused by decline of fatty acid (FA) β-oxidation resulted from impaired mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. Rapamycin worsened while overexpression of mTOR and 4EBP1 rescued the FA β-oxidation pathway in CS-Dsg2 -/- mice. Reactivation of PPARα by fenofibrate or AAV9-Pparα significantly alleviated the lipid accumulation and restored cardiac function. Our results suggest that impaired mTOR-4EBP1-PPARα-dependent FA β-oxidation contributes to myocardial lipid accumulation in ACM and PPARα may be a potential target for curative treatment of ACM.

13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 374-381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of human platelet-rich plasma-derived exosomes(PRP-exos)on the proliferation of Schwann cell(SC)cultured in vitro. Methods PRP-exos were extracted by polymerization-precipitation combined with ultracentrifugation.The morphology of PRP-exos was observed by transmission electron microscopy,and the concentration and particle size distribution of PRP-exos were determined by nanoparticle tracking analysis.Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of the marker proteins CD63,CD81,and CD9 on exosome surface and the platelet membrane glycoprotein CD41.The SCs of rats were isolated and cultured,and the expression of the SC marker S100β was detected by immunofluorescence staining.The fluorescently labeled PRP-exos were co-cultured with SCs in vitro for observation of their interaction.EdU assay was employed to detect the effect of PRP-exos on SC proliferation,and CCK-8 assay to detect the effects of PRP-exos at different concentrations(0,10,20,40,80,and 160 μg/ml)on SC proliferation. Results The extracted PRP-exos appeared as uniform saucer-shaped vesicles with the average particle size of(122.8±38.7)nm and the concentration of 3.5×1012 particles/ml.CD63,CD81,CD9,and CD41 were highly expressed on PRP-exos surface(P<0.001,P=0.025,P=0.004,and P=0.032).The isolated SCs expressed S100β,and PRP-exos could be taken up by SCs.PRP-exos of 40,80,and 160 μg/ml promoted the proliferation of SCs,and that of 40 μg/ml showed the best performance(all P<0.01). Conclusions High concentrations of PRP-exos can be extracted from PRP.PRP-exos can be taken up by SCs and promote the proliferation of SCs cultured in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Exosomes/metabolism , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Schwann Cells , Coculture Techniques , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2684-2694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981225

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to clone the chicken zp1 gene encoding zona pellucida 1 (Zp1) and investigate its tissues expression profile and its effect on osteoblast mineralization. The expression level of zp1 was quantified in various tissues of laying hens and in the tibia of the pre- and post-sexual maturity by RT-qPCR. Zp1 overexpressed vector was transfected into chicken calvarial osteoblasts which were induced differentiation for 8 days, and the extracellular mineral and the expression of mineralization-related genes were detected. The full-length chicken zp1 gene is 3 045 bp, encoding 958 amino acids residuals, and has two N-glycosylation sites. The highest expression level of the zp1 gene was found in the liver, followed by the tibia and yolk membrane, while no expression was detected in the heart and eggshell gland. Compared with the pre-sexual maturity hens, the concentration of estrogen (E2) in plasma, the content of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and the expression level of the zp1 gene in the tibia with post-sexual maturity were higher. The extracellular matrix and the level of osteoblast mineralization-related genes showed a significantly upregulated expression in chicken calvarial osteoblasts with Zp1 overexpressed and addition of estrogen. The expression of the zp1 gene is tissue-specific and positively regulated osteoblast mineralization under the action of estrogen, laying the foundation for elucidating the functional properties of Zp1 in chicken bones during the egg production period.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Zona Pellucida Glycoproteins , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Chickens/genetics , Egg Proteins/metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface , Estrogens
15.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 242-250, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976855

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The relationships among interleukin (IL)-10 levels, anxiety, and cognitive status after stroke remain controversial. We aimed to determine the associations of serum IL-10 levels with poststroke anxiety (PSA) and poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). @*Methods@#We recruited 350 patients with stroke, of whom only 151 completed a 1-month follow-up assessment. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were used to assess the cognitive status and anxiety, respectively. Serum IL-10 levels were measured within 24 hours of admission. @*Results@#IL-10 levels were significantly lower in the PSA group than in the non-PSA group, and they were negatively associated with HAMA scores (r=-0.371, p<0.001). After adjusting for all potential confounders, IL-10 levels remained an independent predictor of PSA (odds ratio=0.471, 95% confidence interval=0.237–0.936, p=0.032). IL-10 levels were strongly correlated with behavior during interviews, psychic anxiety, and somatic anxiety. Patients without PSCI had higher IL-10 levels were higher in non-PSCI patients than in PSCI patients, and they were positively associated with MMSE scores in the bivariate correlation analysis (r=0.169, p=0.038), and also with memory capacity, naming ability, and copying capacity.However, IL-10 did not predict PSCI in the univariable or multivariable logistic regression. @*Conclusions@#Low IL-10 levels were associated with increased risks of PSA and PSCI at a 1-month follow-up after stroke. Serum IL-10 levels may therefore be helpful in predicting PSA.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 778-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974003

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics of HIV/AIDS cases among 15-24 year old population reported in Hefei from 2004 to 2022, so as to provide insights into AIDS control among adolescents.@*Methods@#The epidemiological data regarding HIV/AIDS cases between 15 and 24 years old reported in Hefei from 2004 to 2022 were captured from the AIDS comprehensive prevention and control information system of Chinese disease prevention and control information system, and data regarding temporal distribution, population distribution, and routes of infections and detection were descriptively analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods.@*Results@#From 2004 to 2022, 865 cases of HIV/AIDS were reported in Hefei among 15-24 years old youth, accounting for 21.80% of the total reported cases. Among the HIV/AIDS patients, males accounted for 92.60%(801 cases), the unmarried ones accounted for 93.41% (808 cases),those with college degree or above accounted for 60.12% (520 cases),and 25.78%(223 cases) of them were students. The proportion of student cases increased annually( χ 2 trends =47.67, P <0.01). Homosexual transmission accounted for 81.39%, both showed an increasing trend( χ 2 trends =51.23, P <0.01).Totally 55.49% of cases were found through testing and consultation, and the proportion of cases increased by year( χ 2 trends =112.18, P <0.01). In 2004-2022,the number of newly reported cases among people aged 15-24 showed a rising trend at an average rate of 24.46% by year( Z=4.92, P <0.01), which was higher than the average rate of 21.54% for the entire population( Z=12.75, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The epidemic of HIV/AIDS among population aged 15-24 years is serious in Hefei. Comprehensive measures for HIV education and prevention intervention are desperately needed to be reinforced among targeted students.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 196-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965459

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of depressive symptoms among primary and middle school students in Xihu District, Hangzhou City, so as to provide insights into depression control among primary and middle school students. @*Methods@# Students were sampled from two primary schools, two junior high schools, two ordinary high schools and one vocational high school in Xihu District using a stratified cluster random sampling method from September to November, 2021. Participants' demographics, diet, exercise, sleep and campus bullying were collected using questionnaire surveys. The depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and factors affecting the depressive symptoms were identified among primary and middle school students using a multivariable logistic regression model.@* Results@# A total of 1 518 students were investigated, including 518 primary school students (34.12%), 363 junior high school students (23.91%), 463 ordinary high school students (30.50%) and 174 vocational high school students (11.46%). Of all participants, there were 805 males (53.03%). The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 38.87% among the participants, and was 36.10%, 42.42%, 42.33% and 30.46% among primary school, junior high school, ordinary high school and vocational high school students, respectively. The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that gender (OR=1.601, 95%CI: 1.289-1.989), type of school (junior high school, OR=1.299, 95%CI: 0.974-1.734; ordinary high school, OR=1.351, 95%CI: 1.025-1.780; vocational high school, OR=0.862, 95%CI: 0.585-1.272), frequency of fresh vegetable intake (less than once daily, OR=0.454, 95%CI: 0.304-0.679; once and more daily, OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.235-0.548), duration spent on the internet (0.5 to 1 h daily, OR=1.447, 95%CI: 1.044-2.006; 1 h and longer daily, OR=1.456, 95%CI: 1.072-1.978), sufficient sleep (OR=0.525, 95%CI: 0.371-0.744), suffering from campus bullying (OR=1.992, 95%CI: 1.491-2.661) were associated with the development of depressive symptoms. @*Conclusions@# The prevalence of depressive symptoms is high among primary and middle school students in Xihu District. Gender, type of school, dietary behaviors, sleep duration and campus bullying are factors affecting the development of depressive symptoms.

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Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 191-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the social functioning characteristics of children with co ocurrence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) for intervention reference.@*Methods@#The Chinese Version of Swanson Nolan and Pelham, Version IV Scale-Parent Form(SNAP-IV), the Chinese Version of Weiss Functional Impairment Scale-Parent(WFIRS-P), and the Questionnaire-Children with Difficulties (QCD) were applied to 192 children with ADHD, 243 children with co occurrence of ADHD and ODD, who firstly visited the Department of Children Psychological Health of Zhuhai Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, and 118 healthy control children from a school in Zhuhai.@*Results@#The scores of attention deficit factor in SNAP-Ⅳ scale of children in three groups were[1.9(1.7, 2.1), 1.8(1.6, 1.9), 1.0(0.6, 1.2)], the scores of hyperactive impulsivity were[1.8(1.4, 2.1), 1.6(1.1, 1.8), 0.7(0.2, 1.0)] the scores of oppositional defiant were[1.6(1.5, 1.9), 1.0(0.8,1.1), 0.8(0.5, 1.0)], the differences were statistically significant( H=268.44, 237.97, 418.66, P <0.01). The dimensions and total scores of the three groups of children s WFIRS-P scale were family[0.8(0.6, 1.1), 0.6(0.3, 0.8), 0.3(0.1, 0.6)]; learning and school[0.8(0.5, 1.1), 0.8(0.5, 1.0), 0.3(0.1, 0.5)]; life skills[1.0(0.7, 1.2), 0.8(0.6, 1.0), 0.6(0.4, 0.8)]; self management [1.0(0.3, 1.0), 0.7(0.3, 1.0), 0.3(0.0, 0.7)]; social activities [0.7(0.4, 1.0), 0.6(0.3, 0.9), 0.3(0.0, 0.4 )]; adventure activities[0.3(0.2, 0.5), 0.2(0.1, 0.4), 0.1(0.0, 0.2)]; the total score[0.8(0.6, 1.0), 0.6(0.5, 0.8), 0.4( 0.2 , 0.6)], the difference between the groups was statistically significant( H=108.82, 122.45, 60.17, 40.58, 96.17, 76.57, 138.30, P <0.01). The difference between the QCD scale scores of children in the three groups was statistically significant[30.0( 24.0 , 37.0), 32.0(27.0, 40.0), 47.0(37.0, 52.3), H=124.65, P <0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that attention deficit, and oppositional defiant symptoms were associated with both the total WFIRS-P score and the QCD score of children( R 2= 0.40 , 0.25, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Children with co occurrence of ADHD and ODD have more severe deficits in all dimensions of social functioning than children with ADHD, which might be associated with attention deficit and oppositional defiant symptoms.

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Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 93-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961834

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the effects of programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) and continuous epidural infusion (CEI) on enhanced recovery after cesarean section. MethodsTotally 120 women scheduled to undergo elective cesarean section under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia, aged 18-45 years, with single fetus, full-term pregnancy (≥37 weeks), ASA grade II or III, were recruited, with 60 cases in each group. At the end of the surgery, after a similar epidural loading dose, patients were randomLy assigned to receive either PIEB (6 mL·h-1 beginning 30 minutes after the loading dose) or CEI (6 mL·h-1, beginning immediately after the loading dose) for the maintenance of analgesia with 0.1% ropivacaine. At 2, 6, 12, 24 and 36 h postoperatively, VAS score was used to evaluate the composite pain, and Bromage Score was used to evaluate the degree of lower extremity motor block. The time to first flatus, time to first ambulation and the satisfaction scores were also recorded. ResultsThe VAS scores at 12, 24 and 36 h postoperatively and the lower extremity motor block scores at 6, 12 and 24 h postoperatively in the PIEB group were significantly lower than those in the CEI group (P < 0.01). The epidural analgesic dosage was less in the PIEB group than that of the CEI group (P=0.002). The time to first flatus and time to first ambulation were significantly shorter than those in the CEI group (P < 0.05). The satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the PIEB group than in the CEI group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the first urination time after urinary catheter removal and the length of hospital stay between the two groups (P > 0.05). ConclusionCompared with CEI, PIEB provides better postoperative analgesia, less motor block scores, lower epidural analgesic dosage, shorter the time to first flatus and defecation and time to first ambulation, and greater patient satisfaction, which is more consistent with the ERAS concept of analgesia.

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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 31-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988916

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of combined exposure to black carbon and lead on the expression of cell adhesion molecules and their regulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in the rat choroid plexus epithelial Z310 cells. Methods: i) Z310 cells were randomly divided into control group, black carbon exposure group, lead exposure group and combined exposure group. The lead exposure group and black carbon exposure group were treated with 10 μmol/L lead acetate and 10 mg/L black carbon, respectively, and the combined exposure group was treated with both in the above doses. After 12.0 hours, the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) in Z310 cells was detected by Western blotting. The expression of miR-326, miR-328-3p and miR-542-3p which regulated ICAM-1 was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction. ii) Z310 cells or Z310 cells transfected with miRNA-326 mimic were randomly divided into control group, miRNA-326 transfection control group, combined exposure group and miRNA-326 transfection combined exposure group. Cells in the two control groups were not treated. The two combined exposure groups were treated with 10 mg/L black carbon and 10 μmol/L lead acetate for 12.0 hours. The expression of ICAM-1 was detected by Western blotting. Results: i) The relative expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 in the cells of black carbon exposure group and ICAM-1 in the lead exposure group was higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The relative expression of ICAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 in the combined exposure group was higher than those in the other three groups (all P<0.05). The relative expression of VCAM-1 in cells of combined exposure group was higher than those in the control group and lead exposed group (all P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-326 in cells of the lead exposure group and black carbon exposure group was lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The relative expression of miR-326 in the combined exposure group was lower than that in the other three groups (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference between miR-328-3p and miR-542-3p in the four groups (all P>0.05). ii) The relative expression of ICAM-1 in cells of the miR-326 transfection control group cells was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), while in the cells in the combined exposure and miRNA-326 transfection combined exposure group, it was higher than that in the control and miRNA-326 transfection control groups (all P<0.05), and lower in the miRNA-326 transfection combined exposure group than in the combined exposure group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Black carbon or lead exposure can upregulate the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 in Z310 cells. Black carbon and lead combined exposure lead to a synergistic effect on upregulation of ICAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 expression, particularly ICAM-1. The combined exposure of black carbon and lead may upregulate the expression of ICAM-1 by downregulating the expression of miR-326.

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