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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 351-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006089

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the role of RRM2 in prostate cancer and the mechanism. 【Methods】 The data of prostate cancer expression profile were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The correlation between RRM2 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis of prostate cancer was analyzed. The protein expressions of RRM2 in 55 cases of prostate cancer and 38 benign tissues were determined with immunohistochemistry (IHC). The effects of RRM2 on the biological process of prostate cancer were assessed with bioinformatic analysis. The biological process of RRM2 affecting the progression of prostate cancer was verified with Western blot and flow cytometry. 【Results】 RRM2 was highly expressed in prostate cancer, and the expression was positively correlated with the clinical stage, pathological grade and metastasis of prostate cancer (P<0.05). Higher RRM2 expression predicted poorer survival. RRM2 co-expression positively correlated genes were involved in cell cycle pathways, pyrimidine nucleotide metabolism, and biological processes such as RNA transport. Cell cycle pathways were significantly enriched. RRM2 was highly correlated with CDK1 and PCNA molecules. RRM2 knockdown reduced the protein expressions of CDK1 and PCNA in DU145 and LNCap cell lines, which were arrested in the G2/M phase. 【Conclusion】 RRM2 promotes tumor progression by interfering with G2/M cycle of prostate cancer cells.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4575-4580, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888160

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of existing animal models in China and abroad and their goodness of fit based on the clinical characteristics and diagnostic criteria of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and western medicine, followed by the collation and summarization of model evaluation methodologies. The results showed that the existing animal models of stable COPD were mainly modeled via smoke exposure or the combination of multiple methods like smoke exposure plus lipopolysaccharide or protease or bacterial infection. These animal models generally failed to simulate the clinical characteristics of TCM, and their goodness of fit in western medicine was higher than that in TCM. There is a lack of research on the animal models of stable COPD and the disease-syndrome combination models. Although the modeling is guided by the pathogenesis or mechanism of diseased humans, the established models were still not identical with the actual clinical situations. In-depth research is needed to develop quantitative standards for stable COPD models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Animal , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Syndrome
3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 642-648, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813255

ABSTRACT

To investigate the correlation of different types of urinary abnormalities or different proteinuria and hematuria with the pathological injury of kidney in IgA nephropathy with isolated hematuria and/or mild proteinuria.
 Methods: Patients with primary IgA nephropathy, isolated hematuria and/or mild proteinuria were enrolled in the Department of Nephrology, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2013 to January 2018. According to the difference of red blood cell count in urinary sediment and quantitative of 24-hour urinary protein (24 h-UP) during renal biopsy, the patients were grouped in 3 ways: a simple hematuria group, a hematuria and proteinuria group, and a simple proteinuria group; a proteinuria I group, a proteinuria II group, and a proteinuria III group; a hematuria I group, a hematuria II group, and a hematuria III group. The clinical parameters such as age, mean arterial pressure, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, blood uric acid, 24 h-UP, and renal pathological damage were compared.
 Results: A total of 157 patients met the inclusion criteria, including 71 males and 86 females. The most common pathological type was focal and/or segmental glomerulosclerosis. The Lee's classification were dominated by grade III and IV, and the renal pathological injury was heavy. Immunoglobulin deposition was dominated by simple IgA deposition. The most common fluorescence intensity of IgA deposition was +++. 97 (61.78%) patients were accompanied by complement deposition and were mainly composed of simple complement C3 deposition. There were 18 patients (11.47%) in the simple hematuria group, 111 patients (70.70%) in the hematuria and proteinuria group, and 28 patients (17.83%) in the simple proteinuria group. Compared with the simple hematuria group, the proportion of patients with mild injury was lower in the simple proteinuria group, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe injuries was increased (χ2=7.053, P=0.008). Compared with the hematuria and proteinuria group, the proportion of patients with mild injury was lower in the simple proteinuria group, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe injury was increased (χ2=4.294, P=0.038). Compared with the proteinuria I group, the proportion of patients with mild injury was lower in the proteinuria III group, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe injury was increased (χ2=5.433, P=0.020). There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with renal pathological injury among different hematuria groups (P>0.05).
 Conclusion: The clinical manifestations of patients with IgA nephropathy with hematuria and/or mild proteinuria are inconsistent with renal pathological damage. Some patients with mild clinical manifestations have severe renal pathological damage and the renal pathological damage is more serious in simple proteinuria. The more proteinuria, the heavier the renal pathological damage.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Creatinine , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Hematuria , Kidney , Proteinuria
4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 570-580, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772765

ABSTRACT

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly infectious pathogen that can cause severe diseases in pigs and result in enormous economic losses in the worldwide swine industry. Previous studies revealed that PEDV exhibits an obvious capacity for modulating interferon (IFN) signaling or expression. The newly discovered type III IFN, which plays a crucial role in antiviral immunity, has strong antiviral activity against PEDV proliferation in IPEC-J2 cells. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of PEDV nucleocapsid (N) protein on type III IFN-λ. We found that the N proteins of ten PEDV strains isolated between 2013 and 2017 from different local farms shared high nucleotide identities, while the N protein of the CV777 vaccine strain formed a monophyletic branch in the phylogenetic tree. The N protein of the epidemic strain could antagonize type III IFN, but not type I or type II IFN expression induced by polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) in IPEC-J2 cells. Subsequently, we demonstrated that the inhibition of poly(I:C)-induced IFN-λ3 production by PEDV N protein was dependent on the blocking of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) nuclear translocation. These findings might help increase understanding of the pathogenesis of PEDV and its mechanisms for evading the host immune response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Active Transport, Cell Nucleus , Coronavirus Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Genes, Viral , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Allergy and Immunology , Interferons , Genetics , Interleukins , Genetics , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Nucleocapsid Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus , Genetics , Virulence , Physiology , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Swine , Swine Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Virology
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2127-2130, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637042

ABSTRACT

AlM:To evaluate the expression of transcriptional factor lslet-1 in retina in experimental retinal neovascularization induced by oxygen. METHODS: The murine retinal neovascularization were induced by hyperoxia exposure. The morphological observation of retinal neovascularization was performed using angiography by fluorescein dextran injection under the fluorescence microscope, and the new blood vessels were quantified after 5d in room air (17-day-old) by counting the vascular epithelial cell nuclei protruding into viteous cavity using HE stain. Realtime PCR and Western blot were used to examine retinal lslet-1 level in postnatal 7,12, 14,17 and 26d respectively. RESULTS: A lots of new blood vessels were demonstrated in the mouse retina in hyperoxic group by fluorescein angiography and histological method. Moreover, no significant difference was found in retinal lslet-1 level in postnatal 7d between hyperoxic group and control group, but was significantly higher in postnatal 12, 14 and 17d mice compared with control mice. However, mice at postnatal 26d, expression of lslet-1 in retina decreased to normal level. CONCLUSlON: ln processing mouse model of retinal neovascularization, sustained hypoxia retinal tissue induce retinal neovascularization by increas the expression of transcription factor lslet-1.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 283-285, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432835

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the teaching effect of seminar method in clinical teaching of department of urinary surgery.Methods A total of 30 clinical medical students were randomly divided into two equal groups:test group with seminar teaching method and control group with traditional teaching method.Results Were evaluated by scores of theoretic test,operating skill and survey after 3 months.Results Scores of theoretic test and operating skill in test group were significantly higher than those in control group(P <0.05).There were significant differences in scores of survey between two groups(P < 0.05).Conclusions Seminar teaching method could effectively improve student learning initiatives and teaching effect,and is worth further exploration.

7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 464-467, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350877

ABSTRACT

Heat shock protein (HSP) is a group of evolutionarily highly conserved cell chaperone proteins involved in the processes of molecular chaperone, cytoprotection, anti-apoptosis and immunoregulation. Recent studies found that HSP is also involved in spermatogenesis, sperm capacitation and fertilization, which play a significant role in male reproduction. Therefore, further studies on the action mechanisms of HSP in male infertility may offer a new insight into the management of the problem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Infertility, Male , Metabolism , Spermatozoa , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 884-891, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424386

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the biomechanical pull-out strength (POS) of three different fixations in upper thoracic vertebras using translaminar screws (TLS), translaminar facet screws (TLFS), and transpedicle screws (TPS), respectively. Methods Nine fresh human cadaveric cervicothoracic junction spines specimens which including T1-T3 vertebras were harvested. The vertebras specimens were scanned using dual-energy radiograph absorptiometry for bone mineral density. Both of screw insertion techniques at each vertebrae was randomized. All the screw insertions were based on direct observation and the CT scan on the pedicles. The peak of insertional torque (IT) was recorded and axial pull-out testing was performed to simulate intraoperative failure of fixation. Results The mean peak IT of the TFLS, TPS and TLS were (0.43±0.01), (0.40±0.01), (0.35±).01) N·m, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the TFLS and TPS, and between the TPS and TLS was same. But the TFLS generated statistically greater peak 1T in comparison with the TLS(t=-13.86, P<0.05). The mean POS of TLFS was (771±106) N,which had no statistically significant difference in comparison with the TPS(733±65) N. And the TLS (663±86) N was same. But the TFLS generated statistically greater POS in comparison with the TLS (t=9.907, P<0.05). The peak IT showed a strong positive correlation with POS in three screw techniques. Bone mineral density correlation with POS in all methods of fixation. Conclusion It was not a significant difference to compare POS of TLS and TLFS to that of TPS respectively. TLS and TLFS appear to be a biomechanically sound alternative in the upper thoracic spine, and appear to be a safe and effective technique for instrumenting the upper thoracic spine.

9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 680-683, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the inhibition effect of HIF-1α specific siRNA expression vector pSUPERH1-siHIF-1α on retinal neovascularization in a mouse model of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mouse model of ROP was prepared by the method Smith described. Forty-eight ROP mice were randomly divided into two groups: an experimental group that was intravitreously injected with pSUPERH1-siHIF-1α and a control group that was injected with pSUPER retro vector. The levels of HIF-1α and vascular endothelia growth factor (VEGF) in the retina were examined by Western blot. The retinal neovascularization was evaluated by angiography using FITC Dextran and quantitated histologically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of HIF-1α and VEGF in the retina in the experimental group were reduced 90% and 65% respectively compared with those in the control group. Meanwhile, the number of retinal neovascular endothelial nucleus outbreaking the inner limit membrane in the experimental group was significantly reduced compared with that in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The development of retinal neovascularization of ROP can be markedly inhibited by RNA interference targeting HIF-1α.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Retinal Neovascularization , Retinopathy of Prematurity , Therapeutics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 164-168, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312750

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Some research has shown that the brain white matter damage is closely related to apoptosis of pre-oligodendrocytes. The relationship of bcl-2 protein, a protein of anti-apoptosis, with brain white matter damage in neonatal rats is rarely reported. This study examined the changes of bcl-2 protein expression following brain white matter damage in neonatal rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety 2-day-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: experimental group (n=45) and control group (n=45). Brain white matter damage was induced by ligation of the right common artery, followed by 6% hypoxia exposure in the rats from the experimental group. The rats of the control group were sham-operated, without hypoxia-ischemia treatment. The expression of bcl-2 protein in the periventricular white matter and the callositas was detected by immunohistochemical technique. Apoptosis of neurocytes in these tissues was detected by TUNEL.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The apoptosis index of neurocytes in the experimental group was up-regulated at 4, 12 and 24 hrs and at 3 and 7 days, peaking at 3 days after white matter damage, compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The expression of bcl-2 protein in the experimental group began to increase at 1 hr, reached a peak at 12 hrs and remained a higher level until 3 days after white matter damage compared with that observed in the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of bcl-2 protein increased at the early stage of white matter damage in neonatal rats. The peak of apoptosis lagged behind that of the bcl-2 protein expression, which suggests that bcl-2 protein may have protective effects against neuronal apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Apoptosis , Brain , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Leukomalacia, Periventricular , Metabolism , Pathology , Neurons , Chemistry , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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