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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 25-31, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the early neurodevelopmental features of young children with SYNGAP1 variants and their genotype-phenotype correlation.@*METHODS@#Young children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) (< 5 years old) who were referred to the Children's Hospital Affiliated to the Capital Institute of Pediatrics between January 2019 and July 2022 were selected as the study subjects. All children had undergone whole-exome sequencing, comprehensive pediatric neuropsychological assessment, familial segregation analysis, and pathogenicity classification. Meanwhile, young Chinese NDD children (< 5 years old) with pathogenic/likely pathogenic SYNGAP1 variants were retrieved from the literature, with information including detailed clinical and genetic testing, neurodevelopmental quotient (DQ) of the Children Neuropsychological and Behavior Scale-Revision 2016 (CNBS-R2016). Children who did not have a detailed DQ but had their developmental status assessed by a medical professional were also included. The correlation between neurodevelopmental severity, comorbidity and SYNGAP1 variants were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Four young NDD children carrying SYNGAP1 variants were recruited (1 male and 3 females, with a mean age of 34.0 ± 18.2 months), among whom one harboring a novel variant (c.437C>G, p.S146*). Combined with 19 similar cases retrieved from the literature, 23 Chinese NDD young children were included in our study (8 males and 10 females, 5 with unknown sex, with a mean age of 37.1 ± 14.2 months). A loss of function (LOF) variant was found in 19 (82.6%) children. All of the children had presented global developmental delay (GDD) before the age of two. In addition, 16 (69.6%) had seizure/epilepsy at the age of 27.0 ± 12.1 months, among whom 15 had occurred independent of the global developmental delay. Myoclonic and absence were common types of seizures. Compared with those with variants of exons 8 to 15, the severity of developmental delay was milder among children with variants in exons 1 to 5.@*CONCLUSION@#The early neurodevelopment features of the SYNGAP1 variants for young children (< 5 years old) have included global developmental delay and seizure/epilepsy. All of the children may present GDD before the age of two. The severity of developmental delay may be related to the type and location of the SYNGAP1 variants.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Epilepsy/genetics , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , ras GTPase-Activating Proteins/genetics , Seizures/genetics
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2689-2694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE In order to analyze the current situation of policy tool allocation in China’s TCM formula granule industry, and provide a theoretical basis for the high-quality development of the industry. METHODS Based on the perspective of policy tools,“ TCM formula granules” was used as the keyword to retrieve the official websites of departments directly under the State Council such as the National Medical Products Administration and the National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, as well as provincial governments. The relevant clauses in the policy documents related to TCM formula granules in China from 1993 to 2022 were encoded, and then the application of policy tools was summarized and classified. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 12 national documents and 77 provincial documents were ultimately selected, involving 556 relevant policy clauses. It was found that among the relevant policy tools, environmental policy tools had the highest degree of attention, accounting for 62.6%; the proportions of demand-oriented policy tools and supply-oriented policy tools were less, accounting for 17.8% and 19.6%, respectively. From the perspective of policy tools, the use of demand-oriented policy tools in current policy texts was relatively simple, and various policy tools were given low attention; from the perspective of policy objectives, the proportion of use of environmental, demand-oriented and supply-oriented policy tools were not balanced enough. It is suggested to increase the proportion of demand- oriented policy tools to meet international competition; emphasize the use of supply-oriented policy tools to strictly control product quality; consolidate the use of environmental policy tools to standardize quality standards. On this basis, we will coordinate the overall situation, balance the use of various policy tools and promote the development of TCM formula granule industry.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 354-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the cardia morphology under magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy and the clinical characteristics of subjects.Methods:A total of 216 subjects with gastrointestinal symptoms or receiving physical examination who underwent magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy at the Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2022 to November 2022 were enrolled. All subjects took gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (Gerd-Q) survey. Clinical data of subjects were collected, and images of cardia morphology under magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy were recorded. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to differrent cardia morphology based on the degree of relaxation. The clinical characteristics of each group were compared, and the influencing factors for cardia morphology were analyzed.Results:In non-swallowing state, 116 subjects showed good continuous closure of the cardia in plum shape (group A), 33 subjects radial closure of cardia (group B), 46 subjects slightly relaxed linear cardia (group C) and 21 subjects relaxed and continuous opening of cardia in the shape of cave (group D). The ages of subjects in group A, B, C and D were 35.00 (31.00, 42.00) years, 53.00 (37.50, 60.50) years, 61.50 (41.50, 68.25) years and 52.00 (39.00, 70.00) years, respectively, with significant differences ( H=44.348, P<0.001). The Gerd-Q scores of subjects in group A, B, C and D were 1.50 (1.00, 2.00), 3.00 (2.00, 6.50), 8.00 (5.75, 9.00) and 8.00 (7.50, 9.00), respectively, with significant differences ( H=90.788, P<0.001). The body mass index (BMI) of subjects in group A, B, C and D were 22.66 (19.53, 24.70) kg/m 2, 23.44 (21.41, 27.05) kg/m 2, 23.77 (21.19, 26.93) kg/m 2 and 23.73 (19.63,24.79) kg/m 2, respectively, with significant differences ( H=8.114, P=0.044). The degree of cardia relaxation was positively correlated with the age ( rs=0.456, P<0.001), Gerd-Q score ( rs=0.648, P<0.001) and BMI ( rs=0.146, P=0.032) of subjects. Conclusion:The magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy provides good visualisation of cardia morphology in non-swallowing state. There is a positive correlation between the degree of cardia relaxation under magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy in non-swallowing state and the subjects' age, Gerd-Q score, and BMI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 440-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics、diagnosis and treatment experience of children with reobstruction after pyeloplasty.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients admitted to the Department of Urology, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2015 to April 2022. Due to the unrelieved hydronephroplasty after the primary pyeloplasty, the anterior and posterior diameter of the pelvis was larger than that before the primary operation. Intravenous pyelography and diuretic renal radionuclide scanning confirmed the diagnosis of ureteropelvic reobstruction. Or underwent reoperation after undergoing puncture angiography for reobstruction. Fifty-four children were included in the study, 47 males (87.03%) and 7 females (12.96%), with a median age of 51.67(21.30, 117.24)month, and, 38 cases (70.37%) on the left side and 16 cases (29.63%) on the right side. The primary operation was open pyeloplasty (POP) in 20 cases and laparoscopic pyeloplasty (PLP) in 34 cases. 45 patients underwent primary operation in our hospital, and 9 patients were referred from other hospitals after primary operation. The interval between reoperation and initial operation was 7.25(6.15, 15.40)month. There were 28 cases with clinical symptoms before operation, and 26 cases without symptoms but reobstruction on imaging. 21 cases presented with recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and 7 cases presented with recurrent fever and urinary tract infection. All 54 patients underwent re-pyeloplasty after definite diagnosis of re-obstruction. In order to further study the feasibility of RLP, patients in the two groups were divided into RLP and ROP groups according to different surgical procedures. In the RLP group, there were 8 males (72.72%) and 3 females (27.28%). The median age was 82.21(49.83, 114.05) months, and obstruction was located on the left side in 8 cases (72.72%) and the right side in 3 cases (27.28%). There were 3 cases (27.28%) with POP and 8 cases (72.72%) with PLP. The time between the second operation and the primary operation was 12.83 (6.34, 16.86) months. APD before operation was 5.18 (4.25, 6.14) cm. There were 43 cases in the ROP group, including 38 males (88.37%) and 5 females (12.63%). The median age was 52.32 (26.62, 77.35) months; Obstruction was located on the left side in 31 cases (72.09%) and the right side in 12 cases (27.91%). The primary operation was performed in 19 cases (44.19%) with POP and 24 cases (55.81%) with PLP. The time between the second operation and the primary operation was 10.02 (8.03, 15.51) months. Preoperative APD was 5.42 (5.14, 5.90) cm. The causes of obstruction were found in the second operation: there were 28 causes (51.85%) of scar hyperplastic anastomotic stenosis, 7 cases (12.96%) of residual ectopic vascular compression, 8 cases (14.81%) of high ureteral anastomosis, 7 cases (12.96%) of ureteral adhesion distortion, and 4 cases (7.41%) of other causes (1 case of medical glue shell compression, 1 case of luminal polypoid hyperplasia, and 2 cases of complete luminal occlusion). Operation time, postoperative complications, APD, APD improvement rate (PI-APD), renal parenchyma thickness (PT), anteroposterior pelvis diameter/renal parenchyma thickness (APD/PT) at 3 and 6 months after operation were compared between RLP and ROP groups.Results:In this study, 54 patients were followed up with an average follow-up time of (34.41±20.20)month. APD of 3 months after pyeloplasty was 3.29(3.03, 3.52) cm, which was statistically significant compared with 5.45(5.13, 5.77)cm before pyeloplasty ( P=0.02). APD/PT changed from preoperative 21.71(21.08, 31.77)to 5.40(4.79, 6.79)3 months after surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.03). The APD improvement rate was 37%(33%, 42%) 3 months after surgery and 49%(44%, 54%) 6 months after surgery. Among the 54 patients, 3 had lumbago and fever after clamping the nephrostomy tube, and 3(5.55%) had sinus angiography indicating that obstruction still existed and required reoperation. Therefore, the success rate of repyeloplasty in this group was 94.45%. Comparing RLP group and ROP group, operation time in RLP group was longer than that in ROP group [169.13(113.45, 210.66)]min vs. 106.83(103.14, 155.32)min, P=0.02]. The length of hospitalization in RLP group was shorter than that in ROP group [7.45(5.62, 9.28)d vs.11.64(10.45, 15.66)d, P=0.03], and the difference was statistically significant. The improvement rate of APD 3 months after surgery was compared between the two groups [30.48%(19.81%, 41.16%) vs.39.96%(35.16%, 47.76%), P=0.15], and the improvement rate of APD 6 months after surgery was compared between the two groups [48.00%(27.19%, 48.81%) vs.52.27%(46.95%, 56.76%), P=0.05], there was no significant difference in the success rate of operation between the two groups (90.90% vs. 95.34%, P=0.63). Conclusions:The common cause of reobstruction after pyeloplasty is cicatricial adhesion stenosis. The operation is challenging, but repyeloplasty can effectively relieve the obstruction and the overall success rate is 94.45%. RLP is a safe and effective surgical method for the treatment of reobstruction, which can achieve comparable surgical results with ROP.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 977-983, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of the vessel and plaque characteristics, myocardial perfusion and cardiac function between patients with ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods:From July 2021 to June 2022, 101 patients with angina were referred to dynamic computed tomography myocardial perfusion (CTP) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and retrospectively included in our hospital. Based on the results of CTP and CCTA, patients were divided into INOCA (27 cases), moderate obstructive CAD (26 cases) and severe obstructive CAD (48 cases). The anatomical coronary artery stenosis, plaque characteristics and myocardial perfusion features of all patients were analyzed. Furthermore, left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), and global radial strain (GRS) were obtained on full-phase reconstruction CCTA image by using Medis Suite 3.2 postprocessing software. Multigroup analysis used one way ANOVA or Kruskal Wallis H test. Results:Patients with INOCA were younger than patients with moderate and severe obstructive CAD ( P<0.001). INOCA patients (7.4%, 2/27) had lower rate of positive remodeling than both moderate (57.7%, 15/26, P<0.001) and severe obstructive CAD patients (33.3%, 16/48, P=0.017). The percentage of ischemic myocardium volume in patients with INOCA were similar with those in patients with severe CAD (all P>0.05), but significantly higher than those in patients with moderate CAD (all P<0.05). No significant difference in terms of GLS was detected between patients with INOCA [-17.4% (-21.6%, -11.6%)] and severe CAD [-17.6% (-21.9%, -14.8%), P=0.536], however, patients both with INOCA and severe CAD also had higher GLS than patients with moderate obstructive CAD [-22.3% (-29.8%, -19.0%), all P<0.05]. Conclusions:Based on"one-stop-shop"CTP combined with CCTA imaging, early cardiac functional changes including abnormal myocardial perfusion and myocardial strain in INOCA patients were similar to those in patients with severe obstructive CAD and more severe than those in patients with moderate obstructive CAD.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1848-1854, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The HELIOS stent is a sirolimus-eluting stent with a biodegradable polymer and titanium oxide film as the tie-layer. The study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HELIOS stent in a real-world setting.@*METHODS@#The HELIOS registry is a prospective, multicenter, cohort study conducted at 38 centers across China between November 2018 and December 2019. A total of 3060 consecutive patients were enrolled after application of minimal inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal target vessel myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 1-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to estimate the cumulative incidence of clinical events and construct survival curves.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2998 (98.0%) patients completed the 1-year follow-up. The 1-year incidence of TLF was 3.10% (94/2998, 95% closed interval: 2.54-3.78%). The rates of cardiac death, non-fatal target vessel MI and clinically indicated TLR were 2.33% (70/2998), 0.20% (6/2998), and 0.70% (21/2998), respectively. The rate of stent thrombosis was 0.33% (10/2998). Age ≥60 years, diabetes mellitus, family history of coronary artery disease, acute myocardial infarction at admission, and device success were independent predictors of TLF at 1 year.@*CONCLUSION@#The 1-year incidence rates of TLF and stent thrombosis were 3.10% and 0.33%, respectively, in patients treated with HELIOS stents. Our results provide clinical evidence for interventional cardiologists and policymakers to evaluate HELIOS stent.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03916432.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Thrombosis/complications , Polymers , Registries
7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 434-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981560

ABSTRACT

There are few researches on the modulation effect of transcranial direct current stimulation(tDCS) on complex spatial cognition. Especially, the influence of tDCS on the neural electrophysiological response in spatial cognition is not yet clear. This study selected the classic spatial cognition task paradigm (three-dimensional mental rotation task) as the research object. By comparing the changes in behavior and event-related potentials in different modes of tDCS before, during and after the application of tDCS, this study analyzed the behavioral and neurophysiological effects of tDCS on mental rotation. The comparison between active-tDCS and sham-tDCS showed no statistically significant difference in behavior between different stimulation modes. Still, the changes in the amplitudes of P2 and P3 during the stimulation were statistically significant. Compared with sham-tDCS, the amplitudes of P2 and P3 in active-tDCS mode showed a greater decrease during the stimulation. This study clarifies the influence of tDCS on the event-related potentials of the mental rotation task. It shows that tDCS may improve the brain information processing efficiency during the mental rotation task. Also, this study provides a reference for an in-depth understanding and exploration of the modulation effect of tDCS on complex spatial cognition.


Subject(s)
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Cognition , Evoked Potentials , Brain
8.
Journal of Korean Dental Science ; : 75-83, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938007

ABSTRACT

Crown-type implant-assisted removable partial dentures (CIRPDs) can be a feasible treatment option for partially edentulous patients. Here we report a case with remaining unilateral mandibular teeth. Two implants were placed in the posterior portion of the mandible using a surgical guide, and a distal-extension removable partial denture with implant-supported surveyed crowns was fabricated. After 12 months, both the abutment teeth and implants were in good condition. The treatment outcomes were satisfactory in terms of masticatory function and esthetics. The advantages of CIRPDs and considerations for obtaining successful clinical outcomes with these dentures are also discussed.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 751-757, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of deep learning technology for renal artery recognition in retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery videos.Methods:From January 2020 to July 2021, the video data of 87 cases of laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephrectomy, including radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, and hemiurorectomy, were retrospectively analyzed. Two urological surgeons screened video clips containing renal arteries. After frame extraction, annotation, review, and proofreading, the labeled targets were divided into training set and test set by the random number table in a ratio of 4∶1. The training set was used to train the neural network model. The test set was used to test the ability of the neural network to identify the renal artery in scenes with different difficulties, which was uniformly transmitted to the YOLOv3 convolutional neural network model for training. According to the opinion of two senior doctors, the test set was divided into high, medium, and low discrimination of renal artery and surrounding tissue. High identification means a clean renal artery and a large exposed area. For middle recognition degree, the renal artery had a certain degree of blood immersion, and the exposed area was medium. Low identification means that the exposed area of the renal artery was small, often located at the edge of the lens, and the blood immersion was severe, which may lead to lens blurring. In the surgical video, the annotator annotated the renal artery truth box frame by frame. After normalization and preprocessing, all images were input into the neural network model for training. The neural network output the renal artery prediction box, and if the overlap ratio (IOU) with the true value box was higher than the set threshold, it was judged that the prediction was correct. The neural network test results of the test set were recorded, and the sensitivity and accuracy were calculated according to IOU.Results:In the training set, 1 149 targets of 13 videos had high recognition degree, 1 891 targets of 17 videos had medium recognition degree, and 349 targets of 18 videos had low recognition degree. In the test set, 267 targets in 9 videos had high recognition degree, 519 targets in 11 videos had medium recognition degree, and 349 targets in 18 videos had low recognition degree. When the IOU threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and accuracy were 52.78% and 82.50%, respectively. When the IOU threshold was 0.5, the sensitivity and accuracy were 37.80% and 59.10%, respectively. When the IOU threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and accuracy of high, medium and low recognition groups were 89.14% and 87.82%, 45.86% and 78.03%, 32.95%, and 76.67%, respectively. The frame rate of the YOLOv3 algorithm in real-time surgery video was ≥15 frames/second. The false detection rate and missed detection rate of neural network for renal artery identification in laparoscopic renal surgery video were 47.22% and 17.49%, respectively (IOU=0.1). The leading causes of false detection were similar tissue and reflective light. The main reasons for missed detection were image blurring, blood dipping, dark light, fascia interference, or instrument occlusion, etc.Conclusions:Deep learning-based renal artery recognition technology is feasible. It may assist the surgeon in quickly identifying and protecting the renal artery during the operation and improving the safety of surgery.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 675-680, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effectiveness of tension adjustment technique using anatomical landmarks during retropubic midurethral synthetic sling.Methods:The data of 36 consecutive female patients with urinary incontinence, who had underwent retropubic midurethral synthetic sling procedure from January to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The mean age was (60.83±7.93) years old and the body mass index was (24.43±2.44) kg/m 2. Among the recruited subjects, 36 had positive stress test and Marshall-Marchetti test. 20 (55.6%) were pure stress urinary incontinence, and 16 (44.4%) were mixed urinary incontinence. The severity of incontinence was classified into mild (5 cases, 13.9%), moderate (14 cases, 38.9%), severe (13 cases, 36.1%) and very severe (4 cases, 11.1%) using one-hour pad tests. Urodynamics were performed in 17 cases, with 5 (29.4%) presented detrusor overactivity, 3 (17.7%) possessed intrinsic sphincter deficiency. For each case, the tension of the sling was adjusted based on the anatomical landmarks, i. e. using an angled clamp attached closely to the pubic symphysis ventrally and the tip parallel to the edge of hymen dorsally. All patients were catheter-free right after the procedure. The subjective and objective effectiveness, and safety (the rate of urinary retension after surgery and postvoid residual volume 3 months later) were evaluated.The subjective cure rate was was defined as complete leakage free or very mild leakage during excessive bladder filling and fierce cough. The subjective effectiveness was defined as over 50% improvement of the leakage symptom. The objective cure rate was defined as a negative stress test. Results:For all 36 patients, the median hospital stays was 8 (5-95)h. No bladder perforation or transfusion cases. All patients were catheter-free right after the procedure, with no incidence of urinary retention. 27 patients completed a 3-month follow-up, with 22 had post-void residual data, 23 had subjective effectiveness data and 23 had objective effectiveness data. The median post-void residual was 7.5 (5-64) ml, subjective cure rate was 91.3% (21/23), and objective cure rate was 95.7% (22/23). 8.7% (2/23) reported difficult urination alleviated without the necessity of clinical interference. No urethra erosion or vagina extrusion was found. At 2-year follow-up, 34 patients completed assessment by phone. The subjective cure rate was 91.2% (31/34), with only 2.9% (1/34) reported difficult urination. Besides, at 3-month follow-up, there was no difference regarding the subjective cure rate [100.0%(12/12) vs. 81.8%(9/11)]or objective cure rate [91.7%(11/12) vs. 100.0%(11/11)] between patients with stress and mixed incontinence. No difference was noted among patients with mild, moderate, severe and very severe leakage[75.0% (3/4) vs. 100.0%(6/6) vs. 90.0%(9/10) vs. 100.0%(3/3)]. Of the 12 cases with urodynamic records, the presence of detrusor overactivity [66.7%(2/3) vs. 88.9%(8/9)] or intrinsic sphincter deficiency [0(0/1) vs. 90.9%(10/11)] did not significantly affected the cure rate of the procedure. At 2-year follow-up, there was no difference regarding the subjective cure rate between patients with stress and mixed incontinence [94.7%(18/19) vs. 86.7%(13/15)]. No difference was also noted among patients with mild, moderate, severe and very severe leakage[80.0%(4/5) vs. 100.0%(13/13) vs. 83.3%(10/12) vs. 100.0%(4/4)]. Of the 16 cases with urodynamic records, the presence of detrusor overactivity [60.0%(3/5) vs. 90.9%(10/11)]or intrinsic sphincter deficiency [66.7%(2/3) vs. 84.6%(11/13)]did not significantly affected the cure rate of the procedure.Conclusions:Tension adjustment using anatomic landmarks during sling procedure is safe and feasible for urinary incontinence, with minimum complications and residual volume, and high subjective/objective cure rate.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 910-916, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for the development of gall-stone in population of Beijing.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted. From November 2016 to September 2020, patients living in Beijing (registered residence in Beijing ≥12 months) who visited the biliary outpatient of Department of General Surgery of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences for the first time were recruited to participate as respondents. The survey was conducted by the questionnaire survey on correlation between dietary habits and incidence of gallstones, in which the information of gender, age, body mass index (BMI), gallstone status, metabolic indicators (hypercholesterolemia, history of diabetes mellitus, reproductive times for female, menopause status of female, duration of menopause for female, history of weight loss), dietary indicators (dietary mix of meat and vegetable dishes, times of coffee intake per month, times of alcohol consumption per month, times of greasy diet intake per month, times of breakfast skipping per week, average overnight fasting time of breakfast skipping, times of supper skipping per week, average overnight fasting time of supper skipping), family history of gallstones, lifestyle indicators (times of staying up late per month, average overnight fasting time when staying up late, daily sedentary time, weekly physical activity score). Observation indicators: (1) results of questionnaire survey; (2) analysis of influencing factors for the occurrence of gallstone. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Results of questionnaire survey. A total of 1 036 questionnaires were distributed, and 1 004 complete questionnaires were recovered. Of the 1 004 patients who completed the questionnaire survey, there were 329 males and 675 females, aged (44±12)years. The BMI of 1 004 patients was (24±3)kg/m 2. Of the 1 004 patients, there were 659 cases with a history of cholecystolithiasis and 345 cases without. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for the occurrence of gallstone. Results of univariate analysis showed that age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of weight loss, times of coffee intake per month, times of greasy diet intake per month, family history of gallstone and daily sedentary time were related factors for the development of gallstone in 1 004 patients ( odds ratio=1.03, 2.26, 1.74, 1.01, 1.01, 2.22, 1.06, 95% confidence intervals as 1.02?1.05, 1.09?5.18, 1.22?2.53, 1.00?1.03, 1.00?1.01, 1.60?3.11, 1.01?1.11, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of weight loss, times of greasy diet intake per month, family history of gallstone and daily sedentary time were independent influencing factors for the development of gallstone in 1 004 patients ( odds ratio=1.03, 2.26, 1.82, 1.01, 2.22, 1.06, 95% confidence intervals as 1.02?1.05, 1.11?5.13, 1.28?2.62, 1.00?1.02,1.60?3.09, 1.01?1.12, P<0.05). Conclusion:Age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of weight loss, times of greasy diet intake per month, family history of gallstone and daily sedentary time are independent influencing factors for the development of gallstone in population of Beijing.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 287-292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether deep learning could apply to recognize the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) in videos of endoscopic thyroidectomy (ETE) via breast approach.Methods:Videos of ETE via breast approach in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from Feb. 2020 to Aug. 2021 were collected. Videos containing RLN were selected, and the outline of RLN was marked by two thyroid surgeons. Then data were divided into a training set and a test set in a ratio of 5:1 and classified into the high and low difficulty group according to a senior thyroid surgeon’s opinion. Those pictures were input to D-LinkNet model. Precision, sensitivity and mean dice index was calculated.Results:A total of 46 videos including 153, 520 frames of pictures were included in this study. 131,039 frames of 39 videos were in the training set and 22,481 frames of 7 videos were in the test set. When the intersection over union threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and precision was 92.9%/72.8% and 47.6%/54.9% in high and low recognition group, respectively. When the intersection over union threshold was 0.5, the sensitivity and precision turned to 85.8%/67.2% and 37.6%/43.5% in high and low difficulty group, respectively. Mean Dice index was 0.781 and 0.663 in high and low difficulty group, respectively.Conclusions:RLN recognition based on deep learning is feasible and has potential application value in ETE, which may help surgeons reduce the risk of accidental injury of RLN and improve the safety of thyroidectomy.

13.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 532-538, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960443

ABSTRACT

Background Tricresyl phosphate (TCP) is mainly used as a flame retardant. Studies have confirmed that it has cytotoxicity and neurotoxicity, but its reproductive toxicity is not clear. Objective To investigate the reproductive toxicity and potential mechanism of TCP subacute exposure on Caenorhabditis elegans. Methods Caenorhabditis elegans were exposed to solvent control and 0.1, 1, 10, 100, and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP respectively for 72 h. Brood size and number of fertilized eggs in the uterus were detected to evaluate reproductive ability. The number of total germline cells and the relative area of gonad arm were measured to evaluate the development of gonads. The body length and body width of Caenorhabditis elegans were detected to evaluate growth and development. The activities of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in Caenorhabditis elegans, and the mitochondrial active oxygen metabolism genes (mev-1 and gas-1) of N2 nematodes were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to evaluate oxidative stress. WS1433 transgenic nematodes and wild-type nematodes N2 were exposed to solvent control or TCP (0.1, 1, 10, 100, and 1000 μg·L−1) respectively. DNA damage in germ cells of WS1433 transgenic nematodes was detected, the relative expressions of DNA damage-related genes (hus-1, clk-2, cep-1, and egl-1) in N2 nematodes were detected by qRT-PCR to evaluate the effect of TCP exposure on genetic damage. Results Compared with the solvent control group (217.00 ± 12.20), the brood size of N2 nematodes in the 100 μg·L−1 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups decreased (170.80 ± 11.51, 169.60 ± 10.52, P < 0.05). Compared with the solvent control group (18.43 ± 1.69), the number of fertilized eggs of N2 nematodes in the 100 μg·L−1 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups decreased (13.47 ± 0.81, 11.95 ± 0.90, P < 0.05). Compared with the solvent control group (312.46 ± 77.4), the number of total germline cells of N2 nematodes in the 100 μg·L−1 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups decreased (281.80 ± 12.98, 273.50 ± 8.53, P < 0.05). Compared with the solvent control group, the relative area of gonads of N2 nematodes in the 100 μg·L−1 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups decreased by 13.83% and 17.25% respectively (P<0.05). Compared with the solvent control group [(1058.10±80.12) μm, (78.21±14.69) μm], the body length and body width of N2 nematodes in the 100 μg·L−1 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the solvent control group, the relative fluorescence intensity of ROS in nematodes in the 10, 100, and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups increased significantly (107.60%±1.02%, 105.90%±1.40%, and 106.40%±1.85%, respectively, P<0.05), and the activities of SOD were reduced (by 20.66%, 15.88%, and 16.44%, respectively, P<0.05). Compared with the solvent control group (1.3±1.3), the number of DNA-damaged germ cells of WS1433 nematodes in the 100 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups increased significantly (2.4±0.3, 2.7±0.3, P<0.05); the expressions of mev-1 and gas-1 genes in N2 nematodes in the 10, 100 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups decreased significantly (P<0.05); the expressions of hus-1 in the 0.1-1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups significantly increased (P<0.05); the expressions of clk-2 and egl-1 in the 100 and 1000 μg·L−1 TCP groups increased significantly (P<0.05); the expressions of cep-1 in the 1, 10, and 100 μg·L−1 TCP groups increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion TCP may cause reproductive damage to nematodes through oxidative stress and germ cell DNA damage.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1834-1838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941545

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the potential medication risk by identifying and analyzing the features of liver-related adverse drug reaction (ADR) in pregnant women. Methods A retrospective study was performed for the reports on liver-related ADR in pregnant women from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016 in HILI Cloud (hilicloud.net). Main clinical features and medication rules were analyzed, and reporting odds ratio ( ROR ) was used to analyze the relative risk of related drugs. Results Methotrexate, mifepristone, and ritodrine were the high-frequency drugs reported for liver-related ADR in pregnant women and were mainly used for termination of ectopic pregnancy and treatment of hydatidiform mole. The relative risk analysis of liver-related ADR showed that in pregnant women, the use of methotrexate ( ROR =37.52, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]=31.35-44.89), progesterone ( ROR =7.33, 95% CI : 2.75-19.59), and dydrogesterone ( ROR =6.58, 95% CI : 2.20-19.69) was strongly associated with the risk of liver injury, and the association of methotrexate with the risk of liver injury in pregnant women was significantly stronger than that in non-pregnant women ( ROR =1.71, 95% CI : 1.47-4.36). Conclusion The potential risk of liver injury should be taken seriously in pregnant women using the drugs such as methotrexate and progesterone, so as to avoid serious adverse reactions.

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Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 666-668, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930281

ABSTRACT

This review describes the cognitive function impairment and recovery during the active and remission phases of Cushing’s syndrome (CS) , a glucocorticoid over-exposure disease. Memory, attention, executive ability, and intelligence disorders are included. A comprehensive view of the present studies on the CS-related cognitive functions provides new ideas for a simpler and full-scale psycho-cognitive assessment of neuroendocrine diseases.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 462-467, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discover the clinical features of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in adults and to detect factors that correlated with the symptom severity.Methods:This cross-sectional study recruited NE subjects from September 2017 through December 2020. All patients had experienced enuresis at least once per week and with a symptom duration of 3 months or longer. Followed by documentation of history and medical records, three-day bladder diary was adopted to assess their voiding pattern, and urodynamic parameters were obtained to evaluate lower urinary tract function.Results:A total of 106 NE patients (43 male and 63 female) were identified. There is no statistical difference regarding the average age (men: 57.8±15.6 vs. women: 56.1±14.0, P>0.05) and BMI (men: 23.9±3.4 vs. women: 23.3±4.3, P>0.05) between men and women. Comorbidities are extremely common in NE patients (n=85, 80.2%), with the incidence rate higher in men compared to women [88.4% (38/43)vs. 74.6% (47/63), P<0.05]. Hypertension (n=58, 54.7%), hyperlipemia (n=41, 38.7%), diabetes mellitus (n=38, 35.8%), coronary heart disease (n=22, 20.8%) were the most frequently reported conditions. On bladder diaries, subjects were frequently manifested nocturnal polyuria (NP, 47/106, 44.3%), reduced nocturnal bladder capacity (NBC, 74/106, 69.8%), or combination of both(33/106, 31.3%). Urodynamic studies suggested that the incidence of reduce bladder compliance, detrusor overactivity (DO), stress incontinence, bladder outlet obstruction(BOO), detrusor underactivity(DU)and detrusor hyperreflexia with impaired contractility(DHIC)was 27.4%(29/106), 39.6%(42/106), 17.9%(19/106), 9.4%(10/106), 25.5%(27/106)and 15.1%(16/106), respectively. Women were more likely to suffer from stress urinary incontinence [2.3%(1/43) men vs. 28.6% (18/63) women, P<0.01], while men were prone to have bladder outlet obstruction [ 23.3%(10/43) men vs. 0 women, P<0.01]. Correlation analysis demonstrated that obesity( r=0.63, P<0.01), systemic comorbidities( r=0.40, P<0.01), presence of NP( r=0.50, P<0.01) and NP+ NBC( r=0.47, P<0.01), post-void residual( r=0.53, P<0.01), reduced compliance( r=0.21, P=0.04), DU( r=0.28, P<0.01), stress incontinence( r=0.42, P<0.01)and DHIC ( r=0.35, P<0.01)are positively correlated with NE severity. Whereas, reduced Q max( r=-0.35, P<0.01), low capacity( r=0.21, P=0.03), and reduced bladder sensation( r=-0.21, P=0.03) correlate negatively with NE severity. Conclusions:The presence of NE is not only a sign of bladder dysfunction, but also an implication of obesity, systematic chronic diseases, urine production malfunctioning. Therefore, a thorough history regarding the lower urinary tract function and systemic comorbidities should be taken carefully, so that, an integrated and personalized treatment can be carried out.

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Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 76-81, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015101

ABSTRACT

The circadian rhythm regulates many physiological processes of the human body. The circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder refers to a type of disease caused by the mismatch of sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythm. It affects the human body's cognitive function and metabolic processes. The circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder also promotes the growth of malignant tumors, directly and indirectly, by changing the expression of clock genes and inhibiting the secretion of melatonin. This article discusses circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders; the subgroups it includes, the pathological state it causes, and the relationship between it and the development of malignant tumor. We hope to provide possible treatment measures for tumors affected by circadian sleep-wake disorders.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1208-1212, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821608

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of methylprednisolone sodium succinate on oxidative stress and anti-endothelial cell antibody (AECA)of autoimmune emphysema model rats. METHODS :Male SD rats were randomly divided into control group,model group and intervention group ,with 8 rats in each group. Except that control group was given same volume of complete Freund ’s adjuvant intraperitoneally ,model group and intervention group were given the mixture of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and complete Freund ’s adjuvant intraperitoneally to establish the model of autoimmune emphysema. On 2nd day after modeling ,intervention group was intraperitoneally injected with 10 mg/(kg·d)methylprednisolone sodium succinate. Control group and model group were intraperitoneally injected the same volume of normal saline ,once a day ,for consecutive 21 days. After last medication ,the right lung tissue of rats were taken for paraffin section and HE staining in each group ,and the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed. The mean alveolar number (MAN)and mean linear intercept (MLI)were measured. The contents of MDA and GSH ,the activities of SOD and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid(BALF)of left lung were determined ;the contents of AECA in BALF and serum were also determined. The correlation of AECA with MDA ,GSH,SOD and GSH-Px were determined in model group by Pearson analysis. RESULTS :Compared with control group ,the pathological changes of pulmonary emphysema were obvious in model group ,MAN decreased significantly ,and MLI prolonged significantly (P<0.01); GSH content , GSH-Px and SOD activities in BALF were decreased 1100,1195) significantly,the contents of AECA in BALF and serum were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with modelgroup,the pathological changes of pulmonary emphysema was improved significantly in the intervention group , increased significantly ,while MLI shortened significantly (P< ·1208;GSH content ,SOD and GSH-Px activities were increased significantly,while the contents of AECA in BALF and serum were decreased significantly (P<0.01). AECA in BALF of rats in model group was positively correlated with MDA (r=0.710, P<0.05),and the AECA were negatively correlated with GSH ,SOD and GSH-Px (r=-0.754,-0.781,-0.736,P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Methylprednisolone sodium succinate may achieve the purpose of the prevention of autoimmune emphysema through reducing oxidative stress and inhibiting the expression of AECA.

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Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 111-115, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825697

ABSTRACT

Microplastics refer to plastic particles with a diameter of less than 5 mm. Because of their wide distribution in the environment, it has gradually become one of the environmental hot issues of global concern in recent years. Microplastics are characterized by small particle size and strong adsorption. Existing studies have confirmed the biotoxic effects of microplastics in marine organisms and in experimental animals, suggesting their potential harm to human health. However, there have been few studies on the effects of microplastics on human health, and the research results have been inconsistent. Therefore, by summarizing the recent domestic and foreign studies about human exposure to microplastics as well as their potential effects on human body, this paper provides ideas and theoretical basis for further exploring the effects of microplastics on human health and related mechanisms.

20.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 392-405, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900521

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Titanium implants are widely used in the treatment of dentition defects; however, due to problems such as osseointegration failure, peri-implant bone resorption, and periimplant inflammation, their application is subject to certain restrictions. The surface modification of titanium implants can improve the implant success rate and meet the needs of clinical applications. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of the use of porous titanium with a chitosan/hydroxyapatite coating on osseointegration. @*Methods@#Titanium implants with a dense core and a porous outer structure were prepared using a computer-aided design model and selective laser sintering technology, with a fabricated chitosan/hydroxyapatite composite coating on their surfaces. in vivo and in vitro experiments were used to assess osteogenesis. @*Results@#The quasi-elastic gradient and compressive strength of porous titanium implants were observed to decrease as the porosity increased. The in vitro experiments demonstrated that, the porous titanium implants had no biological toxicity; additionally, the porous structure was shown to be superior to dense titanium with regard to facilitating the adhesion and proliferation of osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. The in vivo experimental results also showed that the porous structure was beneficial, as bone tissue could grow into the pores, thereby exhibiting good osseointegration. @*Conclusions@#Porous titanium with a chitosan/hydroxyapatite coating promoted MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation and differentiation, and also improved osseointegration in vitro. This study has meaningful implications for research into ways of improving the surface structures of implants and promoting implant osseointegration.

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