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1.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 16-22, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005315

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Unsustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is a critical barrier to survival in cardiac arrest patients. This study examined whether end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) and pulse oximetry photoplethysmogram (POP) parameters can be used to identify unsustained ROSC. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter observational prospective cohort study of consecutive patients with cardiac arrest from 2013 to 2014. Patients’ general information, ETCO2, and POP parameters were collected and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The included 105 ROSC episodes (from 80 cardiac arrest patients) comprised 51 sustained ROSC episodes and 54 unsustained ROSC episodes. The 24-hour survival rate was significantly higher in the sustained ROSC group than in the unsustained ROSC group (29.2% vs. 9.4%, P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that the difference between after and before ROSC in ETCO2 (ΔETCO2) and the difference between after and before ROCS in area under the curve of POP (ΔAUCp) were independently associated with sustained ROSC (odds ratio [OR]=0.931, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.881-0.984, P=0.011 and OR=0.998, 95% CI 0.997-0.999, P<0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of ΔETCO2, ΔAUCp, and the combination of both to predict unsustained ROSC were 0.752 (95% CI 0.660-0.844), 0.883 (95% CI 0.818-0.948), and 0.902 (95% CI 0.842-0.962), respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with unsustained ROSC have a poor prognosis. The combination of ΔETCO2 and ΔAUCp showed significant predictive value for unsustained ROSC.

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 72-78, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005114

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of cinobufagin tablets combined with thalidomide/dexamethasone (TD) regimen in the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) with phlegm and stasis obstruction. MethodsThe clinical data of 50 patients with NDMM of phlegm and stasis obstruction who were hospitalized at the Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine from June 1st, 2015 to July 31th, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into a control group (bortezomib/dexamethasone-containing regimen, 27 cases) and an observation group (cinobufagin tablets combined with TD regimen, 23 cases). The clinical efficacy and safety were compared between the two groups after two or three courses of treatment. The primary outcomes were clinical remission rate including overall response rate and deep remission rate, one-year and two-year overall survival rate, and adverse effects. The secondary outcomes were the proportion of plasma cells in bone marrow, hemoglobin, β2-microglobulin, lactate dehydrogenase, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, bone pain score, and KPS functional status score (KPS score) before and after treatment. ResultsIn terms of clinical efficacy, there was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) in the overall response rate [the observation group 69.57%(16/23) vs the control group 70.37% (19/27)] and deep remission rate [the observation group 56.52% (13/23) vs the control group 55.56% (15/27)] between groups after the treatment. The one-year overall survival rates of the observation group and the control group were 90.9% and 92.4%, and the two-year overall survival rates were 81.8% and 80.9% respectively, with no statistically significant differences between groups (P>0.05). During the treatment, no renal function injury occurred in both groups. The incidence of peripheral nerve injury in the observation group was 8.70%, which was lower than 48.15% in the control group (P<0.01). After the treatment, the proportion of myeloma plasma cells, β2-microglobulin, serum creatinine level, and bone pain score decreased, while the hemoglobin level and KPS score increased in both groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared between groups after treatment, the bone pain score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, while the KPS score was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionThe clinical efficacy of cinobufagin tablets combined with TD in the treatment of NDMM is equivalent to bortezomib/dexamethasone-containing regimen, but the former is more helpful in relieving the pain and improving the quality of life, and has better safety.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 270-278, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003789

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis can occur in diverse tissue and organs and is the common outcome as multiple chronic diseases progress. It is characterized by over-activation of fibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. Targeting transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a classical signaling molecule in fibrosis, is currently a routine strategy for drug therapy of this disease. The use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of fibrotic diseases has been supported by mature theories. The theories emphasize that the internally-accumulated pathogens and mixed deficiency-excess underlie the shared pathology of fibrotic diseases. Qi stagnation, blood stasis, phlegm turbidity, and mass accumulation are key pathological factors. "Yin suppression by Yang" is the core thought for treatment with TCM of the disease. Pharmacological investigations reveal the scientific nature of TCM in treating fibrotic diseases, namely multilevelled and multitargeted. In other words, it refers to networked regulation of signaling activities of fibrosis-related molecules such as TGF-β/Drosophila protein homolog (Smad), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), Hedgehog, Wnt/β-catenin, and inflammatory cytokines, so as to inhibit fibroblast function and provide a promising insight into novel anti-fibrotic drug. This paper summarized the conventional understanding of fibrotic disease treatment with TCM and its mechanism of action by reviewing ancient literature and modern research reports, which offers an idea for follow-up research in this field.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 850-856, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016536

ABSTRACT

Liver failure often has rapid progression, multiple complications, and dangerous conditions. Acute pancreatitis is a common comorbidity during the progression of liver failure, and since acute pancreatitis has extremely similar clinical symptoms and signs to liver failure complicated by spontaneous peritonitis, it is often neglected in clinical practice. This article elaborates on the mechanisms of liver failure complicated by acute pancreatitis from the five aspects of inflammatory response, duodenal papillary dysfunction, gut microbiota dysbiosis, oxidative stress, and microcirculatory disturbance and proposes corresponding preventive measures based on these mechanisms.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 828-833, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016532

ABSTRACT

Acute hepatic porphyria (AHP) is a rare disease with abnormal heme metabolism, and breakthroughs have been made in the treatment of this disease in recent years. In addition to conventional treatment methods, this article reviews new therapies for AHP that are in the stage of initial clinical application or are still in the research stage, including RNAi therapy, enzyme replacement therapy, genetic supplementation of DNA or mRNA, drug molecular chaperones, and glycine transporter inhibitors for reducing heme synthesis. Moreover, this article also reviews the treatment of AHP-related comorbidities and complications, such as hyponatremia and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. High glucose infusion is the main treatment method for AHP in China, and the improvement in diagnosis and increased attention to rare diseases in China has promoted the development of the diagnosis and treatment of AHP, and it is expected to explore more suitable treatment methods for AHP in the Chinese population in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 174-185, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013354

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of various oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) based on network Meta-analysis. MethodRandomized controlled trials (RCTs) of oral Chinese patent medicine in the adjuvant treatment of CP/CPPS were retrieved from the databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, and Web of Science from database inception to November, 2022. The quality of the included literature was evaluated according to the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool, and the data were analyzed by RevMan 5.4 and Stata 16 software. ResultA total of 63 RCTs were included, with 13 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines involved, including Qianlie Shutong capsules, Ningmitai capsules, Qianlie Beixi capsules, Sanjin tablets, etc. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of clinical effective rate, the intervention measure ranked first was Qianlie Beixi capsules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing pain, the intervention measure ranked first was Sanjin tablets combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing urination disorder, the intervention measure ranked first was Relinqing granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of improving quality of life, the intervention measure ranked first was Qianlie Beixi capsules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing the total National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score, the intervention measure ranked first was Yinhua Miyanling tablets combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing leukocyte count in prostatic secretions, the intervention measure ranked first was Qianlie Jiedu capsules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of safety, the intervention measure with the least adverse reactions was Qianlie Shutong capsules combined with conventional western medicine. The cluster analysis results showed that Qianlie Shutong capsules combined with conventional western medicine had outstanding efficacy and high safety. ConclusionOral Chinese patent medicine in the adjuvant treatment of CP/CPPS can improve the comprehensive efficacy, reduce the NIH-CPSI score and leukocyte count in prostatic secretions, and improve the quality of life of patients. For clinical treatment, the preferred choice is Qianlie Beixi capsules or Qianlie Shutong capsules combined with conventional western medicine. Limited by the quantity and quality of literature included in this study, the results need to be verified by high-quality studies with a larger sample size.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 66-70, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with β-ketothiolase deficiency (BKTD). Methods: The clinical characteristics, biochemical, markers detected by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), as well as the variants in ACAT1 gene among 5 children with BKTD in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between October 2018 and December 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The onset age of the disease in 5 patients (4 males and 1 female) ranged from 9.7 to 28.0 months. During the acute phase, severe metabolic acidosis was observed with a pH of 6.9-7.1, as well as hypoglycaemia (2.3-3.4 mmol/L) and positive urinary ketone bodies (+-++++). Blood levels of methylcrotonyl carnitine, methylmalonyl carnitine and malonyl carnitine were 0.03-0.42, 0.34-1.43 and 0.83-3.53 μmol/L respectively and were significantly elevated. Urinary 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid was 22-202 and 3-hydroxybutyric acid was 4-6 066, both were higher than the normal levels. Methylcrotonylglycine was mild elevated (0-29). The metabolites detected by MS/MS and GC/MS were significantly reduced after treatment. Analysis of ACAT1 gene mutation was performed in 5 children. Most variants were missense (8/9). Four previously unreported variants were identified: c.678G>T (p.Trp226Cys), c.302A>G (p.Gln101Arg), c.627_629dupTGA (p.Asn209_Glu210insAsp) and c.316C>T (p.Gln106Ter), the first 2 variants were predicted to be damaging by SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and Mutation Taster software. c.316C>T (p.Gln106Ter) is a nonsense variant. Conclusions: β-ketothiolase deficiency is relatively rare, lacks specific clinical manifestations, however severe metabolic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and ketosis during the acute onset were consistent findings. Missense mutations in the ACAT1 gene are common genetic causes of β-ketothiolase deficiency.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acidosis , Carnitine , Retrospective Studies , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 104-111, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011448

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Xinjia Congrong Tusizi decoction (XJCTD) on ovarian functions in the rat model of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) and decipher the mechanism of regulating the tumor suppressor protein (p53)/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway to attenuate granulosa cell ferroptosis. MethodForty-eight SPF-grade female SD rats were randomized into control, model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (1.1, 2.2, 4.4 g·kg-1) XJCTD, and Western medicine (coenzyme Q10, 0.002 7 g·kg-1) groups, with eight rats in each group. The rat model of POI was established by gavage of triptolide (TP), and after successful modeling, each group was administrated with the corresponding drugs by gavage for 14 d. The body weight and ovarian weight of each rat were weighed and the ovarian index was calculated. The morphology of the ovarian tissue was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the proportions of growing follicles and atretic follicles were calculated. The serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMM), estradiol (E2), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The DCFH-DA fluorescent probe was used to measure the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content in granulosa cells. The content of cellular Ferrous ion (Fe2+), lipid peroxide (LPO), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) was detected by colorimetry. The expression of the tumor suppressor protein p53,Nrf2, solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) was determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed decreased ovarian weight, body weight, and ovarian index (P<0.01), reduced ovarian tissue volume and proportion of growing follicles (P<0.01), increased proportion of atretic follicles (P<0.01), lowered AMH and E2 levels and elevated FSH level in the serum (P<0.01), and elevated levels of Fe2+, ROS, LPO, and MDA (P<0.01) and lowered levels of GSH and SOD in granulosa cells (P<0.01). Moreover, the modeling up-regulated the expression of p53 (P<0.01) and down-regulated the expression of Nrf2, SLC7A11, and GPX4 (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the ovarian tissue. Compared with the model group, XJCTD increased the body weight, ovarian weight, and ovarian index (P<0.01), alleviated the pathological changes in the ovarian tissue, increased the proportion of growing follicles (P<0.01), decreased the proportion of atretic follicles (P<0.01), and reduced the content of ROS in granulosa cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, medium- and high-dose XJCTD lowered the FSH level (P<0.01) and raised E2 and AMH levels (P<0.01) in the serum, reduced the Fe2+ content (P<0.05, P<0.01), and increased the SOD content (P<0.01) in granulosa cells. High-dose XJCTD reduced the LPO and MDA content (P<0.01) and increased the SOD content (P<0.01) in the granulosa cells, down-regulated the expression of p53 (P<0.05), and up-regulated the expression of Nrf2, SLC7A11, and GPX4 in the ovarian tissue (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionXJCTD may protect the ovarian function in the rat model of POI by regulating the p53/Nrf2 signaling pathway to attenuate the ferroptosis of ovarian granulosa cells.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 937-941, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985616

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of seasonal A(H3N2) influenza [influenza A(H3N2)] in China and to provide a reference for scientific prevention and control. Methods: The influenza A(H3N2) surveillance data in 2014-2019 was derived from China Influenza Surveillance Information System. A line chart described the epidemic trend analyzed and plotted. Spatial autocorrelation analysis was conducted using ArcGIS 10.7, and spatiotemporal scanning analysis was conducted using SaTScan 10.1. Results: A total of 2 603 209 influenza-like case sample specimens were detected from March 31, 2014, to March 31, 2019, and the influenza A(H3N2) positive rate was 5.96%(155 259/2 603 209). The positive rate of influenza A(H3N2) was statistically significant in the north and southern provinces in each surveillance year (all P<0.05). The high incidence seasons of influenza A (H3N2) were in winter in northern provinces and summer or winter in southern provinces. Influenza A (H3N2) clustered in 31 provinces in 2014-2015 and 2016-2017. High-high clusters were distributed in eight provinces, including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Henan, Shaanxi, and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in 2014-2015, and high-high clusters were distributed in five provinces including Shanxi, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, and Shanghai in 2016-2017. Spatiotemporal scanning analysis from 2014 to 2019 showed that Shandong and its surrounding twelve provinces clustered from November 2016 to February 2017 (RR=3.59, LLR=9 875.74, P<0.001). Conclusion: Influenza A (H3N2) has high incidence seasons with northern provinces in winter and southern provinces in summer or winter and obvious spatial and temporal clustering characteristics in China from 2014-2019.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype , Seasons , Cluster Analysis
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 499-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984749

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the mechanisms involvement in Alisertib-resistant colorectal cells and explore a potential target to overcome Alisertib-resistance. Methods: Drug-resistant colon cancer cell line (named as HCT-8-7T cells) was established and transplanted into immunodeficient mice. The metastasis in vivo were observed. Proliferation and migration of HCT-8-7T cells and their parental cells were assessed by colony formation and Transwell assay, respectively. Glycolytic capacity and glutamine metabolism of cells were analyzed by metabolism assays. The protein and mRNA levels of critical factors which are involved in mediating glycolysis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were examined by western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR), respectively. Results: In comparison with the mice transplanted with HCT-8 cells, which were survival with limited metastatic tumor cells in organs, aggressive metastases were observed in liver, lung, kidney and ovary of HCT-8-7T transplanted mice (P<0.05). The levels of ATP [(0.10±0.01) mmol/L], glycolysis [(81.77±8.21) mpH/min] and the capacity of glycolysis [(55.50±3.48) mpH/min] in HCT-8-7T cells were higher than those of HCT-8 cells [(0.04±0.01) mmol/L, (27.77±2.55) mpH/min and(14.00±1.19) mpH/min, respectively, P<0.05]. Meanwhile, the levels of p53 protein and mRNA in HCT-8-7T cells were potently decreased as compared to that in HCT-8 cells (P<0.05). However, the level of miRNA-125b (2.21±0.12) in HCT-8-7T cells was significantly elevated as compared to that in HCT-8 cells (1.00±0.00, P<0.001). In HCT-8-7T cells, forced-expression of p53 reduced the colon number (162.00±24.00) and the migration [(18.53±5.67)%] as compared with those in cells transfected with control vector [274.70±40.50 and (100.00±29.06)%, P<0.05, respectively]. Similarly, miR-125b mimic decreased the glycolysis [(25.28±9.51) mpH/min] in HCT-8-7T cells as compared with that [(54.38±12.70)mpH/min, P=0.003] in HCT-8-7T cells transfected with control. Meanwhile, in comparison with control transfected HCT-8-7T cells, miR-125b mimic also significantly led to an increase in the levels of p53 and β-catenin, in parallel with a decrease in the levels of PFK1 and HK1 in HCT-8-7T cells (P<0.05). Conclusions: Silencing of p53 by miR-125b could be one of the mechanisms that contributes to Alisertib resistance. Targeting miR-125b could be a strategy to overcome Alisertib resistance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Humans , Azepines , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 478-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984556

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) activating ROCK/JNK to regulate autophagy in improving isoproterenol (ISO) induced myocardial fibrosis (MF) in mice. Methods The mice were randomly divided into control operation group (Control group), ISO induced myocardial fibrosis group (MF group), AS-Ⅳ treatment group (AS-Ⅳ group) and combination group of astragaloside IV and Y-33075 (ROCK inhibitor) (astragaloside IV+Y-33075 group). After repeated administration for 30 days. The serum levels of LDH, BNP, CTGF in each group were detected. The cardiac function was detected by ultrasound. Myocardial structure and tissue fibrosis degree in each group were detected by Sirius Red and Masson staining. Oxidative stress (ROS) levels in myocardial tissue of each group were detected by DHE staining and the expression of ROCK, JNK, Atg5, Beclin 1, and LC3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blotting. Results Compared with AS-Ⅳ group, the EF value of AS-Ⅳ+Y-33075 group decreased and the degree of myocardial fibrosis increased (P<0.05). The serum level of LDH, BNP, CTGF increased and the level of ROS in myocardial tissue increased while the expression of ROCK, JNK, Atg5, Beclin 1, LC3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ decreased (P<0.05). Y-33075 could block the protective effect of AS-Ⅳ on myocardial injury induced by MF and inhibit the regulation of AS-Ⅳ on ROCK and JNK. Conclusion AS-Ⅳ could attenuate myocardial fibrosis in mice by activating ROCK/JNK signal and promoting autophagy.

12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 275-289, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982567

ABSTRACT

The abnormal activation of HER family kinase activity is closely related to the development of human malignancies. In this study, we used HER kinases as targets for the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and explored the anti-tumor effects of the novel pan-HER inhibitor HM781-36B, alone or in combination with cisplatin. We found that HER family proteins were positively expressed in tumor tissues of some NPC patients, and the high levels of those proteins were significantly related to poor prognosis. HM781-36B inhibited NPC in vitro and in vivo. HM781-36B exerted synergistic effects with cisplatin on inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of NPC cells. In NPC xenograft models in nude mice, HM781-36B and cisplatin synergistically inhibited tumor growth. Downregulating the activity of HER family proteins and their downstream signaling pathways and regulating tumor microenvironment may explain the synergistic anti-tumor effects of HM781-36B and cisplatin. In conclusion, our study provides evidence for HER family proteins as prognostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for NPC. The pan-HER inhibitor HM781-36B alone or in combination with cisplatin represents promising therapeutic effects for the treatment of NPC patients, which provides a new idea for the comprehensive treatment of NPC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/drug therapy , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 361-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995440

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic anterior fundoplication with the MUSE is an endoscopic therapy that combines ultrasound and endoscopic anti-reflux technology for moderate to severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. Training and learning procedures are required to obtain qualifications for this endoscopic therapy before clinical operations. At present, there is limited high-quality evidence-based medical evidence on MUSE treatment, and lack of expert consensus or guidance for training and the standard of MUSE therapy procedure. This consensus is based on the published literature, and formulated by experts with MUSE clinical experience in China, to provide guidance for the training and clinical standard operation of this technique.

14.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 35-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism by which chronic psychological stress aggravates intestinal barrier damage and promotes the development of enteritis through inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin pathway, so as to provide a new therapeutic strategy for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).Methods:A comorbidity model of chronic psychological stress and enteritis was established using C57BL/6J mice. HE staining was used to analyze the effects of chronic psychological stress on the intestinal pathological damage in mice with enteritis. ELISA was used to detect the expression of proinflammatory cytokines. The ultrastructural changes of colonic cells and the state of intestinal mucus layer were observed under transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope. The secretion of mucoprotein 2 (MUC2) and the expression of cell proliferation marker Ki67 were detected by immunofluo rescence staining. The numbers of goblet cells were detected by Alcian blue-periodic acid-Schiff (AB-PAS) staining. Western blot was performed to analyze the expression of tight junction protein between intestinal epithelial cells, β-catenin which was a key protein of Wnt/β-catenin pathway maintaining crypt proliferation, and downstream protein c-myc.Results:The sugar water consumption ratio decreased, but tail suspension immobility time, the swimming immobility time and the expression of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) in hypothalamus increased (all P<0.05) in the stress group as compared with those in the control group. Chronic psychological stress promoted weight loss and colonic shortening in mice with enteritis, exacerbated pathological damage and enhanced the release of pro-inflammatory factors. Moreover, increased disappearance of intestinal epithelial microvilli and severe cellular ultrastructural damage were also observed in the stress+ dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS) group. There was no pathological damage in the control and stress groups. Chronic psychological stress aggravated intestinal barrier injury and inhibited intestinal barrier repair by inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Conclusions:In the mouse model of DSS-induced enteritis, chronic psychological stress preconditioning inhibited the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, weakened the repair ability of intestinal epithelium, aggravated the loss of mucus layer of intestinal barrier and the damage of tight junction structure, and promoted the development of enteritis. In the absence of enteritis, chronic psychological stress had no significant effects on the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the intestinal barrier.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 50-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of general practitioners (GPs) in Shenzhen towards managing patients with common mental health problems.Methods:It was a cross-sectional study, from September 19 to October 31, 2020, 500 GPs from 100 community health centers (CHC) in 10 districts of Shenzhen municipality were randomly selected as the research subjects by stratified random sampling; the survey was conducted by self-filled questionnaire, which included general conditions, knowledge tests of common psychological problems (generalized anxiety disorder, depressive disorder, panic attacks, sleep disorders), GPs′ attitudes to take care of common psychological problems, and GPs′ practice of caring for common psychological problems.Results:A total of 500 questionnaires were distributed and 329 valid ones were collected. In terms of knowledge, GPs had the highest accuracy of answering the characteristics of depressive disorder (97.3%, 320/329), and the lowest accuracy of case analysis of panic attacks (50.2%, 165/329). In terms of attitude, 71.1%(234/329)of GPs agreed that "common psychological problems should be taken care of",there was a statistically significant difference in attitude scores among GPs with different years of working in CHC ( Z=14.60, P=0.006). In terms of practice, the most encountered mental health problem was insomnia (91.2%, 300/329), 46.5% (153/329) of GPs would use psychological assessment scales, 52.9% (174/329) of GPs would choose direct referral, and there were statistically significant differences in attitude scores among GPs with different years of working ( Z=10.70, P=0.030) and years of working in CHC ( Z=22.14, P<0.001). Conclusions:GPs have a positive attitude in taking care of common psychological problems, but lack of knowledge and confidence. As working in CHC for more years, GPs are more inclined to care for patients with common psychological problems in practice.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 589-594, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994602

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on experience of robotic gastrointestinal surgery at the Department of General Surgery, Clinical Medicine Center of Gansu Provincial Hospital, this study explored the principles and methods of trocar layout for robotic "3+2" mode gastrointestinal surgery, suitable for beginners.Methods:From Apr 2017 to Oct 2022, the robotic gastrointestinal surgery team of Gansu Provincial Hospital completed 998 cases of robotic "3+2" mode gastrointestinal surgery, including 600 cases of gastric cancer, 100 cases of rectal cancer, 98 cases of descending colon and sigmoid colon cancer, 20 cases of transverse colon cancer, and 180 cases of right colon cancer. Through the continuous optimization and improvement of the problems encountered during the operation, combined with the operator's experience, and taking into account various aspects, we developed the robotic "3+2" mode trocar layout for gastrointestinal surgery.Results:Four principles of trocar layout were developed, namely, the principle of lens placement around the navel, the principle of symmetry in the main operation, the principle of 8-10cm distance between trocar holes, and the principle of symmetry in the auxiliary hole lens. Three trocar layout methods and principles applicable to robotic gastric surgery, and four applicable to robotic colorectal surgery were developed.Conclusion:The trocar layout method of robotic "3+2" mode gastrointestinal surgery is established based on a large number of robotic gastrointestinal surgery experiences. This method is simple and easy to learn, with strong repeatability and operability.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 357-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994473

ABSTRACT

This review summarizes dietary characteristics of patients with psoriasis, discusses effects of gluten-free diet, Mediterranean diet and dietary intervention-induced weight loss on psoriasis, and analyzes the efficacy of dietary supplements in the treatment of psoriasis, such as fish oil, vitamin D, vitamin B12, selenium, and probiotics.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 210-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the real-world short-term effectiveness of ixekizumab in the treatment of psoriasis, and to investigate factors influencing the effectiveness.Methods:Baseline data and short-term effectiveness evaluation results were retrospectively collected from patients with psoriasis, who received ixekizumab treatment in Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital from November 2019 to September 2021. A descriptive analysis was performed on the baseline characteristics of patients, continuous data were described as median (lower quartile, upper quartile), and categorical data were described as percentages. Comparisons of disease severity scores before and after the treatment with ixekizumab were performed using Wilcoxon signed-rank test or paired McNemar test. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore factors influencing the effectiveness of 4-week ixekizumab treatment.Results:A total of 118 patients with psoriasis were included, including 94 males and 24 females, and their age [ M ( Q1, Q3) ] was 43.4 (32.5, 53.0) years; plaque psoriasis (99 cases, 83.9%) and severe psoriasis (72 cases, 68.6%) predominated among the 118 patients, and skin lesions were mainly located on the scalp (59/116, 50.9%). Among the 49 patients who had received 2-week ixekizumab treatment, 27 (55.1%) achieved a 50% improvement in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score (PASI50) ; after 4-week treatment, 44 (89.8%), 30 (61.2%), 13 (26.5%) and 10 (20.4%) patients achieved PASI50/75/90/100 respectively, and their PASI scores (2.1 [1.1, 7.1]), involved body surface area (3.9% [0.5%, 14.5%]), dermatology life quality index scores (1.0 [0.0, 2.0]) and physician global assessment (PGA) scores (1.0 [1.0, 3.0]) were significantly lower than the corresponding scores at baseline (12.4 [8.8, 23.2], 22.0% [11.3%, 43.4%], 6.0 [3.0, 11.0], 4.0 [3.0, 5.0], respectively; all P < 0.001]. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the baseline body mass index was significantly associated with the PASI75 response rate ( OR = 0.814, 95% CI: 0.659 - 0.958, P = 0.029) and the proportion of patients with PGA0/1 ( OR = 0.743, 95% CI: 0.562 - 0.917, P = 0.017) after 4-week ixekizumab treatment, and the baseline BSA score was significantly associated with the proportion of patients with PGA0/1 after 4-week ixekizumab treatment ( OR = 0.924, 95% CI: 0.870 - 0.968, P = 0.003) . Conclusion:The 4-week ixekizumab treatment significantly decreased the severity of psoriasis, and may be more effective in patients with lower disease severity and lower body mass index at baseline.

19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 232-236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994401

ABSTRACT

A male child, aged 5 years and 3 months, was admitted to the Oncology Department with a history of pain in both hip joints, headache, and diplopia lasting for 40 days. Physical examination did not reveal definitive signs or obvious abnormalities in the nervous system. Imaging studies showed only abnormalities in the craniocerebrum and spinal cord. Routine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed elevation in the total number of white blood cells, mainly mononuclear cells. Biochemical analysis of CSF showed normal glucose and chloride levels, and increased protein concentrations. The possibility of central nervous system (CNS) infection was initially considered. Subsequently, antibacterial and antiviral therapy was administered; however, this treatment was ineffective. Further examination of CSF through immunophenotyping revealed mature B-cell lymphoma with CNS involvement; there were no neoplastic lesions detected elsewhere in the body. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Complete remission was achieved after chemotherapy with the CNCL-2017-mature B-cell lymphoma regimen. Thus far, all chemotherapy cycles have been completed, the patient remains in complete remission, and the follow-up is ongoing. Clinicians should pay close attention to PCNSL in children.

20.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 318-322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006082

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the current situation and related factors of emotional and behavioral problems in children with diurnal urinary incontinence (DUI), in order to provide reference for clinical treatment and psychological intervention. 【Methods】 During Sep.2019 and Mar.2020, a survey was conducted in six primary schools in a county of Henan Province using the method of cluster sampling. The survey included general data and current DUI and urination-related problems, Strengths and Difficulties Scale (SDQ), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). 【Results】 Of the 4 500 questionnaires distributed, 4 120 were collected, and 3 912 were qualified for statistical analysis. The overall prevalence of DUI was 3.6%. The detection rate of abnormal emotion and behavior in the DUI group was 48.2%, which was significantly higher than that in the non-DUI group (12.6%) (P<0.05). The scores of emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer communication problems and SDQ were significantly higher in the DUI group than in the control group (P<0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that gender, academic achievement, DUI times, caregivers, caregivers’ education level, family education style and sleep disorder were influencing factors of emotional and behavioral problems in DUI children (P<0.05). The total score of SDQ was positively correlated with the total score of PSQI (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The detection rate of emotional and behavioral abnormalities is high in DUI children, which is related to gender, academic achievement, DUI times, caregivers, education level of caregivers, family education style and sleep disorders.

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