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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 56-63, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809787

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of blood pressure and age on arterial stiffness in general population.@*Methods@#Participants who took part in 2010, 2012 and 2014 Kailuan health examination were included. Data of brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) examination were analyzed. According to the WHO criteria of age, participants were divided into 3 age groups: 18-44 years group (n=11 608), 45-59 years group (n=12 757), above 60 years group (n=5 002). Participants were further divided into hypertension group and non-hypertension group according to the diagnostic criteria for hypertension (2010 Chinese guidelines for the managemengt of hypertension). Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the association between systolic blood pressure (SBP) with baPWV in the total participants and then stratified by age groups. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of blood pressure on arterial stiffness (baPWV≥1 400 cm/s) of various groups.@*Results@#(1)The baseline characteristics of all participants: 35 350 participants completed 2010, 2012 and 2014 Kailuan examinations and took part in baPWV examination. 2 237 participants without blood pressure measurement values were excluded, 1 569 participants with history of peripheral artery disease were excluded, we also excluded 1 016 participants with history of cardiac-cerebral vascular disease. Data from 29 367 participants were analyzed. The age was (48.0±12.4) years old, 21 305 were males (72.5%). (2) Distribution of baPWV in various age groups: baPWV increased with aging. In non-hypertension population, baPWV in 18-44 years group, 45-59 years group, above 60 years group were as follows: 1 299.3, 1 428.7 and 1 704.6 cm/s, respectively. For hypertension participants, the respective values of baPWV were: 1 498.4, 1 640.7 and 1 921.4 cm/s. BaPWV was significantly higher in hypertension group than non-hypertension group of respective age groups (P<0.05). (3) Multiple linear regression analysis defined risk factors of baPWV: Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that baPWV was positively correlated with SBP(t=39.30, P<0.001), and same results were found in the sub-age groups (t-value was 37.72, 27.30, 9.15, all P<0.001, respectively) after adjustment for other confounding factors, including age, sex, pulse pressure(PP), body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), smoking, drinking, physical exercise, antihypertensive medications, lipid-lowering medication. (4) Multivariate logistic regression analysis of baPWV-related factors: After adjustment for other confounding factors, including age, sex, PP, BMI, FBG, TC, smoking, drinking, physical exercise, antihypertensive medication, lipid-lowering medication, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that risks for increased arterial stiffness in hypertension group were higher than those in non-hypertension group, the OR in participants with hypertension was 2.54 (2.35-2.74) in the total participants, and same results were also found in sub-age groups, the ORs were 3.22(2.86-3.63), 2.48(2.23-2.76), and 1.91(1.42-2.56), respectively, in each sub-age group.@*Conclusion@#SBP is positively related to arterial stiffness in different age groups, and hypertension is a risk factor for increased arterial stiffness in different age groups. Clinical Trial Registry Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-TNC-11001489.

2.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 632-635, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497304

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the risk factors for prevalence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young and middle-aged population. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 110100 subjects at the age of (18-98) years who received physical examination in Kailuan Group from 2012-06 to 2014-10. Based on the limitations of male≤53 years and female≤63 years, a total of 62367 subjects were enrolled in our study. The subjects were followed-up for 2 years by the end point event of AMI to analyze the risk factors ofAMI occurrence. Results: According to AMI occurrence at the follow-up period, the subjects were divided into 2 groups: AMI group, n=56 and Control group, n=62152. Compared with Control group, AMI group had increased BMI, SBP, DBP and elevated blood levels of LDL-C, TG; AMI group also showed the higher ratios of subjects with the history of diabetes and taking anti-hypertension medication. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis indicated that age (RR=1.37), male (RR=60.54), LDL-C (RR=1.12), and TG (RR=5.93) were the risk factors forAMI occurrence in young and middle-aged population, allP<0.05. Conclusion: Age, male gender, blood levels of LDL-C, and TG were the risk factors for AMI occurrence in young and middle-aged population.

3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 173-176, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494740

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of comprehensive intervention including education, lifestyle intervention and drug intervention for patients with hypertension in Kailuan community. Methods Employees who took part in the health checkup of Kailuan Group, Ltd. from June 2008 to June 2009 were enrolled in this study. The changes of hypertension awareness, treatment and control rates and cardiovascular health behaviors and factors have been observed in the follow-up. Results A total of 5 361 patients with hypertension were enrolled. After a period of 2 years of follow-up, the treatment rate and up to standard rate hypertension were significantly increased compared to pre-intervention (11.90%vs. 100.00%;0.82% vs. 36.93%. P<0.01). After comprehensive intervention, the average score of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors increased from (6.85 ± 1.90) to (7.52 ± 1.92) (P<0.01). Conclusion Comprehensive intervention is an effective means for the prevention and control of hypertension in the community.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 778-783, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303827

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors on resting heart rate (RHR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional study method was used in our study.83 824 workers who had participated in the 2006-2007 Kailuan health examination were included, individuals with arrhythmia, hemoglobin ≤ 90g/L, taking drugs which might affect RHR, history of cerebral infarction or myocardial infarction or cancer were excluded.Related information was obtained from the unified questionnaire, blood biochemistry was performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the impact of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors on the RHR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The RHR was (76.4 ± 10.3), (75.2 ± 10.3), (74.3 ± 9.9), (73.6 ± 10.0), (72.6 ± 9.9), (72.1 ± 9.7) and (71.8 ± 9.2) beats/min in workers whose number of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors was 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and ≥ 6 respectively (P < 0.01). (2) Multivariate logistic regression showed that, after adjusted by gender, age, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-sensitive C-reactive protein, tea drinking, alcohol drinking, the risk of RHR ≥ 80 beats/min gradually reduces along with the increasing of number of ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and ≥ 6) compared with those who did not have ideal cardiovascular health behaviors and factors, the value of OR (95%CI) was 0.79 (0.71-0.87), 0.68 (0.62-0.75), 0.61 (0.55-0.67), 0.52 (0.47-0.58), 0.50 (0.44-0.56), 0.49 (0.40-0.60) respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ideal cardiovascular health behavior and factors is related to lower RHR in individuals without cardiovascular diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol, HDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Behavior , Heart Rate , Logistic Models , Myocardial Infarction , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Triglycerides
5.
Chinese Journal of Hypertension ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589972

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the alteration and significance of inflammatory factors in hypertension patients complicated with acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods Eighty seven AMI patients were grouped as normotensive group(n=43) or hypertensive group(n=44),25 healthy subjects served as control.Plasma level of IL-1?,IL-6,IL-8,TNF-? and IFN-? were determined at admission of hospitalization,24 h,48 h,5 d,7 d and 14 d after myocardial infarction using ELISA method.Results 1)Compared with the control group,the level of all inflammatory markers were elevated significantly in 2 weeks after myocardial infarction and showed a pattern of dynamic changes.2)Compared with normotensive group,IL-6 in hypertensive group was increased more significantly on 5th day(P=0.019) to 7th day(P=0.005)after AMI.Conclusion Inflammation was involved in the course of AMI since the early stage.Hypertension seems to exaggerated the inflammatory reaction after myocardial infarction.

6.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556437

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of hypoxia on repair of radiation damage and the possible mechanism. Methods Rat jejunal epithelium cell was taken as study object and divided into control group, irradiation group and irradiation-hypoxia group. The irradiation group was irradiated only once by 60 Co-? ray at the dose of 12 Gy and the irradiation-hypoxia group was treated with hypoxia (5% oxygen) for 6 h after irradiation. MTT was used to detect the survival rate of the irradiated cells, 3H-TdR incorporation was used to detect cell proliferation, and unscheduled DNA synthesis and single cell gel electrophoresis were used to detect DNA repair and flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle. Results As compared with the irradiation group, the cells in the irradiation-hypoxia group repaired rapidly, proliferated obviously and the survival rate was increased about 10% (P

7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 180-182, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289214

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the change of the gene expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) subunits in rat hippocampus after scalding.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The backs of the rats were shaved and immersed in warm water for 10 sec. to make control group (C), and the backs shaved and immersed in hot water (90 degrees C) for 10 sec to make 30% full skin scalding model as the scalding group (S). The mRNA expression of the subunits of rat hippocampus NMDAR-NMDAR1, NMDAR2A, NMDAR2B, NMDAR2D was determined with RT-PCR technique in C group and at 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 postburn hours (PBHs) in S group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There exhibited no obvious change of the mRNA expression of all the subunits of NMDAR at 0.5 and 1 PBH in S group when compared with that in C group. But the mRNA expression of NMDAR1 increased for 24.3% and 20.9% and that of NMDAR2A increased for 27.8% and 27.6% at 2 and 4 PBHs respectively when compared with that in C group (P < 0.05). In addition, the mRNA expression of NMDAR2B and NMDAR2D revealed no change after scalding.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The receptor channel constructed by NMDAR1/NMDAR2A demonstrated increased mRNA expression at 2 PBH, which might lead to the further opening of NMDAR after scalding which might participate in the maladjustment of HPA axis during scalding stress and the following pathophysiological changes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Burns , Metabolism , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Genetics
8.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24): 550-552, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410368

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of glucocorticoi d receptor (GR) in hepatic cytoplasm in rats after scalding-induced pathologic al stress and its regulation. Methods The receptor binding capa city (R0) and the apparent dissociation constant (Kd) of GR in hepatic cytopla sm of normal, low-degree and heavy-degree scalded rats were measured with rad io-ligand binding assay, with [3H] dexamethasone as ligand. The changes of R0 and Kd of GR were regulated by injections of anti-rat TNFα, IL-1β a ntibodies, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), and KPV peptide( Ac- D-Lys-L-Pro-D-Val) respectively in vivo. Results The R 0 of GR in hepatic cytoplasm in rats 12 h after heavy-degree scalding [Mass action robust: (205.52±30.14) fmol/mg; Scatchard: (208.45±30.78) fmol/mg ]were significantly lower than that of control group [Mass action robust:(307 .86±24.22) fmol/mg;Scatchard:(306.71±27.96) fmol/mg](P<0.01), but no s ignificant difference was found in the R0 of GR between the control and the ra ts 12 h after low-degree scalding [Mass action robust: (285.19±16.62) fmol/ mg ; Scatchard: (296.64±16.06) fmol/mg]. The injection of anti-rat TNFα, IL-1β antibodies, α-MSH and KVP all prevented the decline of R0 of GR in h epatic cytoplasm in rats with severe scalding. Conclusion The injections of anti-rat TNFα, IL-1β antibodies, α-MSH or KPV can attenuate the reduction of GR in rat hepatic cytoplasm caused by severe scalding-induced pathological stress to some extent.

9.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1984.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549760

ABSTRACT

0.05). When the decreases of HEP amplitude and heart rate were compared, the former was significantly larger than the later (P

10.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1984.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549598

ABSTRACT

The combined effects of cold and hypoxia on the changes of the level of pulmonary extravascular water(PEW) were studied in rats. The experimental animals were subjected to a simulating altitude of 6000 meter at a temperature of 10?2℃ for 48 hours. It was found that the pulmonary blood volume(PBV) decreased while the PEW increased slightly. If the temperature was reduced to -5?C, then both the PBV and PEW increased significantly (P

11.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1984.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549142

ABSTRACT

This paper is to report our results of the observation on the changes of the pulmonary water content of the rats and mice after their exposure to a simulated altitude of 6000 meters above sea level for seven days.It was found that the changes of the pulmonary water content varied with the duration of exposing to the high altitude. It was lower than the control value on the first day of exposure, and then it increased approaching or even being a little higher than the control value on the second and third day. But it decreased and was below the control value again from the fourth day to the seventh day. The lung weight was increasing continuously in the same period.In addition, there were progressive increase of both the wet-lung/body and dry-lung/body indices, progressive decrease of left/right ventricles ratio, and gradual rising of hemoglobin in the animals studied.

12.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1984.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678699

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone and identify the differentially expressed genes of rat intestinal epithelial cell line (IEC 6) before and after exposure to high dose radiation so as to provide proof for the investigation of the molecular mechanisms in the repair of radiation damage of intestinal epithelial cells. Methods A subtractive cDNA library for differentially expressed genes was constructed by suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and T/A cloning technique after IEC 6 cells were exposed to radiation at the dose of 35 Gy ? ray. The expressed sequence tag (EST) library was screened by reverse Northern hybridization. Positive clones were sequenced and the similarity was searched against the DNA database in GenBank. Limited clones were identified by Northern hybridization. Results More than 2 000 white clones were harvested after the library amplification. Ninety six of them were randomly picked out for PCR amplification, and 15 positive clones which corresponded to 12 individual genes were identified by reverse Northern hybridization. These genes were involved in cell skeleton, cell stress, cell cycle control, and signal transduction, etc. In addition, a novel cDNA sequence was also obtained. Conclusion A subtractive cDNA library for differentially expressed genes in IEC 6 cells exposed to the radiation at the dose of 35 Gy ? ray has been successfully constructed with SSH and T/A clone techniques. Several positive ESTs which correspond to genes involving in cell skeleton, cell stress, cell cycle control, and signal transduction are identified. These genes may play important roles in the process of the damage and repair of the intestinal epithelial cells exposed to radiation.

13.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1984.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678066

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene expression in the hippocampus of rats following scald burn stress and the role of N methyl D aspartate (NMDA) receptor in this change. Methods Adult male Wistar rats inflicted with 30% TBSA full thickness scalding were applied as severe scalding stress model. GR mRNA levels in the hippocampus were detected with RT PCR. Results A significant decrease of GR mRNA levels was observed in the hippocampus 2 h after the scalding stress. The decrease could be inhibited when MK 801, an NMDA receptor antagonist, was administered prior to stress, and be augmented with the administration of NMDA, an NMDA receptor agonist, but not be affected by normal saline. Conclusion NMDA receptors are involved in the scalding stress induced down regulation of GR gene expression in the rat hippocampus.

14.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1983.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549193

ABSTRACT

Rats were made to bleed and about 40% of the total blood volume was lost. A replacement of Ringer's solution of the volume four times the lost blood volume was given and the animals were closely monitored for 24 hours. The hemoglobin level of the animals was low throughout the course of observation. The plasma colloid osmotic pressure reached the lowest point 15 minutes after bleeding, and then gradually rising up returned to a level about 90% of the control value at the end of 24 hours. The relativity between the plasma colloid osmotic pressure and the lung water content was quite significant in those rats in a low altitude environment (P0.05).The result indicates that the increased lung water content due to decreased plasma osmotic pressure could not be made further worse by hypoxia due to high altitude. The characteristic pulmonary hemodynamic changSs caused by hypoxia might be considered as the explanation of the phenomenon.

15.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1983.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549059

ABSTRACT

Adult albino rats were exposed to simulated high altitude of 5000 m for 72 hours. Mild degree of interstitial pulmonary edema was observed under light microscope. Rats with the left lung excised were subjected to hypoxice of the same degree for 48 hours. On histologic examinations interstitial edema of the right lung was more obvious than that of the previous group. In isolated alveolus or in small groups of alveoli, edematous fluid could he seen.There were perivascular and peribronchial "Cuffs". The former were supposedto be accumulation of edema fluid leaking from the capillaries at the level of alveoli. The latter might be the result of extension of perivascular fluid to the peribrochial space.Excision of the left lung may result in a rise in pulmonary arterial pressure and over perfusion in certain areas remaining lung. Hypoxia may intensify the above changes. Pulmonary hypertension and overperfusion may in force promote the genesis of pulmonary edema.

16.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1983.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546912

ABSTRACT

40 rats were divided into 2 groups. At sea level and simulated high altitude of 4000m respectively, nalozone and saline are injected to observe the effect of nalozone on LVSP, LVDP, dp/dtmax, HR and survival time in hemorrhaged rats.blood plasma ?-EP is measured before and after bleeding to study the relation between ?-EP and hemorrhagic shock.Results: the circulatory parameters on hemorrhagic shock change more significantly at high altitude than at sea level; naloxone make these parameters recover and the survival time prolong both at sea level and high altitude; blood plasma ?-EP increases after bleeding, especially at high altitude-Suggestions; at high altitude hemorrbagic shock may be induced easilier.and symptomy is severer, development occurs rapider, and mortality higher is higher; change of ?-EP is related to the patholgical process of hemorhagic shock and the effect of ?-EP on cardiac contractility may be one of causes affecting bemorrbagic shock; naloxone has a role to antagonize hemorrhage shock at high altitude;

17.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24)1983.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678096

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of HPA axis activity following scald stress and to elucidate if NMDA receptor is involved in this change. Methods Adult male Wistar rats were inflicted with 30% TBSA full thickness scalding burn, which was applied as severe trauma stress model. Using this model, we detected the changes of serum cortisol and ACTH concentration in scald rats pretreated with intrahippocampal microinjection of NMDA receptor antagonist MK801 or NMDA receptor 1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide. Results Intrahippocampal microinjection of MK 801 6 ?g resulted in an significant decrease of serum cortisol and ACTH concentration at 2 h after burn, and microinjection of MK 801 12 ?g resulted in a more significant decrease of these values. In accordance with microinjection of MK 801, intrahippocampal microinjection of NMDA receptor 1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide of 10 nmol/L and 20 nmol/L also resulted in a significant and a more significant decrease of serum cortisol and ACTH concentration after burn. Conclusion Hippocampal NMDA receptor plays an important role in over excitation of HPA axis following burn.

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