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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 30-35, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007208

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The American Heart Association released the Life s Essential 8 (LE 8) for the overall evaluation of cardiovascular health (CVH) on individual level. The present study aimed to describe the overall CVH in Chinese school aged children using LE 8 metrics.@*Methods@#Data of the present analysis came from a national representative multicentered cross sectional study conducted in 7 provinces of China in 2013. The original study used a multistage cluster sampling method. A total of 10 326 children aged 5 to 19 years with complete data of health behaviors and health outcomes were included in the study. Children s health behavior indicators included diet, physical activity, nicotine exposure and sleep health. Health outcome factors included body mass index, fast blood glucose, lipid profile and blood pressure.@*Results@#The median CVH score was 73.3 ( IQR =14.4) in boys and 73.4 ( IQR = 13.5) in girls. Compared to children aged ≤9 years, the health behavior scores were lowest in the 13-15 age group, with boys scoring 7.73 lower (95% CI =-8.35--7.12, P <0.01) and girls scoring 9.15 (95% CI =-9.83--8.48, P <0.01) lower. The ≥16 age group had the lowest health outcome scores, with boys scoring 7.85 (95% CI =-9.07--6.63, P <0.01) lower and girls scoring 6.11 (95% CI =-7.12--5.09, P <0.01) lower.@*Conclusions@#Chinese school aged children are generally at a moderate level of cardiovascular health. Specific LE 8 components vary substantially between groups and therefore require targeted intervention strategies.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 214-224, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005436

ABSTRACT

Based on UPLC-Q-orbitrap-MS and biological network analysis tools, the mechanism of Xihuang Pill in improving hyperplasia of mammary glands was systematically analyzed. The rat model of hyperplasia of mammary glands was established by intramuscular injection of estradiol benzoate and progesterone. LC-MS tissue metabolomics was used to explore the key metabolites and metabolic pathways of Xihuang Pill in improving hyperplasia of mammary glands in rat. The network analysis of the key metabolites regulated by Xihuang Pill was carried out by integrating biological network analysis tools, focusing on the key metabolic pathways, and exploring the potential targets of Xihuang Pill to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. Compared with the control group, there were significant differences in the content of 49 differential metabolites in the tissues of the model group (P < 0.05). Xihuang Pills could significantly call back 17 metabolites such as L-alanine, threonine, indole-3-carboxylic aldehyde, lysine, arginine, alanylleucine, glycyltyrosine, γ-glutamyl leucine, vitamin B3, serine leucine, threonine leucine, isoleucine glutamic acid, γ-glutamyl tyrosine, decanoyl-L-carnitine, uric acid, leucylleucine, S-adenosyl-methionine. Further network analysis and literature research on the key metabolites regulated by Xihuang Pills showed that the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway may be one of the important pathways for Xihuang Pills to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. STAT3, MAPK1, EGFR, CASP3, CASP8, PRKCA and JUN in the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway may be potential targets for Xihuang Pills to improve hyperplasia of mammary glands. The animal experiment operations involved in this paper follow the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and pass the ethical review of animal experiments (approval number: 2022-705).

3.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390924, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533354

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease which is categorized via destruction of joint cartilage and it also affects the various joints, especially knees and hips. Sinomenine active phytoconstituents isolated from the stem of Sinomenium acutum and already proof anti-inflammatory effect against the arthritis model of rodent. In this experimental protocol, we scrutinized the anti-osteoarthritis effect of sinomenine against monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) induced OA in rats. Methods: MIA (3 mg/50 µL) was used for inducing the OA in the rats, and rats received the oral administration of sinomenine (2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg/kg body weight) up to the end of the experimental study (four weeks). The body and organs weight were estimated. Aggrecan, C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type II collagen (CTX-II), glycosaminoglycans (GCGs), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), antioxidant, inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory mediators and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) were analyzed. Results: Sinomenine significantly (P < 0.001) boosted the body weight and reduced the heart weight, but the weight of spleen and kidney remain unchanged. Sinomenine significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the level of nitric oxide, MCP-1 and improved the level of aggrecan, IFN-γ and GCGs. Sinomenine remarkably upregulated the level of glutathione, superoxide dismutase and suppressed the level of malonaldehyde. It effectually modulated the level of inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators and significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the level of MMPs, like MMP-1, 2, 3, 9 and 13. Conclusions: Sinomenine is a beneficial active agent for the treatment of OA disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteoarthritis , Iodoacetic Acid , Hip Injuries , Inflammation , Knee Injuries
4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 465-469, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance of B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF) V600E mutation in the prediction of response to apatinib treatment in advanced radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RAIR-DTC). Methods:Twenty patients (10 males, 10 females, age: 51.5(46.3, 65.0) years) with advanced RAIR-DTC from Peking Union Medical College Hospital between March 2016 and March 2023 were retrospectively enrolled, and all patients were treated with apatinib and underwent genetic sequencing (including BRAF V600E and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter). The serological and imaging data, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) data were collected during apatinib treatment. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (log-rank test) was performed, and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze the differences of duration of response (DOR) between mutation group and wild-type group. Then univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were conducted. Results:The PFS (35.3 vs 9.2 months, χ2=7.53, P=0.006) and DOR (25.8(7.4, 35.2) vs 8.2(2.5, 13.4) months, U=23.00, P=0.046) of the BRAF V600E mutation group were longer than those of the wild-type group. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that the BRAF V600E mutation group had better PFS benefit (hazard ratio ( HR)=0.22 (95% CI: 0.06-0.72), P=0.013), and the risk of disease progression or death in patients with lung metastasis and bone or brain metastasis was 3.06(95% CI: 1.10-8.54, P=0.033) times higher than that in patients with lung metastasis alone. Further, multivariate cox regression analysis showed that only BRAF V600E mutation was an independent predictor of PFS ( HR=0.23 (95% CI: 0.07-0.80), P=0.021), suggesting that RAIR-DTC patients with BRAF V600E mutation might have better efficacy of apatinib. There was no significant difference in PFS ( χ2=1.34, P=0.247) and OS ( χ2=0.19, P=0.664) between TERT promoter mutation group and wild-type group. Conclusion:RAIR-DTC patients with BRAF V600E mutation have longer PFS and DOR after apatinib treatment than those with BRAF V600E wild-type, suggesting that BRAF V600E may be a potential biomarker to guide tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and help to refine TKI treatment indications.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 312-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960957

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation.METHODS:The retrospective study enrolled 22 cases(26 eyes)of cataract patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation from August 2020 to August 2021. Follow-up to 3mo after surgery, the changes of far, intermediate and near visual acuity, aberration, Strehl ratio(SR)and modulation transfer function cutoff(MTF-cutoff)frequency were compared. Defocus curve at 1mo postoperatively was made, and the visual quality and satisfaction were evaluated after 3mo of surgery.RESULTS: The visual acuity of all patients was better than 0.1(LogMAR)at the far, intermediate and near distance at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo postoperatively, and it was significantly improved compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). The defocus curve transitioned smoothly between +0.5 and -3.0D at 1mo after surgery, and visual acuity was better than 0.63. The total aberration and spherical aberration in the whole eye were significantly lower after surgery than before, and the SR and MTF-cutoff were significantly improved at 1d and 1wk after surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). With high satisfaction and good visual quality, patients could watch at far, intermediate and near distance without wearing glasses at 3mo after surgery.CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation gave patients a comfortable and satisfactory full-course vision.

6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 351-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave in treating chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2021, 42 patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy were selected and divided into PRP group(20 patients, 28 feet) and shock wave group (22 patients, 29 feet). In PRP group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged 47.00(28.00, 50.75) years old, and the courses of disease ranged 7.00(6.00, 7.00) months;PRP injection was performed in the Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side. In shock wave group, there were 16 males and 6 females, aged 42.00(35.75, 47.25) years old;and the courses of disease was 7.00(6.00, 8.00) months;shock wave was performed in Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side and triceps surae area. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) were applied to evaluate clnical effect before treatment, 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment, and satisfaction of patients was investigated.@*RESULTS@#VAS and VISA-A score in both groups were significantly improved at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment than before treatment (P<0.05), VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group at 6 months after treatment were significantly higher than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment, and VAS and VISA-A score in shock wave group were lower than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and VISA-A score between two groups before treatment, 1 and 3 months after treatment(P>0.05), while VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group were better than those in shock wave group at 6 months after treatment(P<0.05), and the satisfaction survey in PRP group was better than that in shock wave group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PRP injection has a good clinical effect on chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy with high patient satisfaction, and medium-and long-term effect of PRP injection for the treatment of chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy is better than that of extracorporeal divergent shock wave.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon , Tendinopathy/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Exercise Therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 748-753, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore prevalence, risk factors and treatment of ankle sprain of young college student , in order to obtain accurate epidemiological data.@*METHODS@#From March 2019 to May 2019, 552 college students(1 104 sides of anke joints) from Xi'an Physical Education university were enrolled in study according to inclusion and excludion standard, including 309 males and 243 females aged from 16 to 24 years old with an average of (20.9±3.7) years old. Age, gender, and body mass indes(BMI) etc were recorded. Morbidity of acute and chronic ankle sprains of physical students, treatment after the first sprain (cold compress, cast or plaster bracing and medicine), visual analogue scale (VAS) during walking were assessed through ankle sprain questionnaire;Cumberland ankle instability tool (CAIT), Maryland foot score were applied to assess ankle function. Lateral ankle ligament injury was objectively assessed by musculoskeletal ultrasonography.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of acute ankle sprain(AAS) was 96.20% (531/552), and the incidence of AAS was 59.96% (622/1 104). The prevalence of chronic ankle joint instability(CAI) was 16.85% (93/552), and the incidence of CAI was 8.97% (99/1 104). In the four categories of sports, college student suffered from multiple sprains in performance majors group was 22.20% (14/63), including of aerobicsand dance performance. The incidence of AAS of ball sports was 8.60%(14/163). After the first sprain, most college students(94.4%) were received cold compression, about 60% of them went to hospital;however, only 44.7% students were received standard treatmens(cast or plaster), only 35.3% of them were received hard ankle orthosis. In 552 college students, 44 students were suffered from more than 4 times of ankle sprain, and the total incidence was 7.97% (44/552). Cumberland score was 26.6±2.4, Cumberland score of students sprained ankle joint more than 4 times was (29.2±1.1), suggested it was a risk factor for ankle joint instability. VAS of students sprained ankle joint more than 4 times was higher than that of less than 4 times(P<0.05), Maryland foot score was significantly lower than that of that of <4 times(P<0.05). Musculoskeletal ultrasonography measured the thickness of anterior tibiofibular ligament(ATFL) was (2.41±0.41) mm, and the thickness of calcaneofibular ligament(CFL) was (1.92±0.21) mm, and had no statistical difference(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ninty-four percent college students had at least once ankle sprain, ankle sprains were more common in erobics and ball sports. After the first sprain, the proportion of cast or plaster treatment was less than 50%. Sprained ankle joint more than 4 times is a risk factor, and musculoskeletal ultrasonography showed thickening of both ATFL and CFL, while no statstical difference.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Joint Instability/epidemiology , Physical Education and Training , Universities , Ankle Injuries/therapy
8.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 206-217, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008986

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and mechanisms of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription, "Fang-gan Decoction" (FGD), in protecting against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-induced lung and intestinal injuries in vitro and in vivo.Methods Female BALB/c mice and three cell lines pretreated with FGD were stimulated with recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (spike protein). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and pathologic scoring of tissues, cell permeability and viability, and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) expression in the lung and colon were detected. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect the levels of inflammatory factors in serum and cell supernatant. The expression of NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, p-IκBα, p-Smad2/3, TGF-β1, Caspase3, and Bcl-2 was evaluated by Western blotting.Results FGD protected against the damage to the lung and colon caused by the spike protein in vivo and in vitro according to the pathologic score and cell permeability and viability (P<0.05). FGD up-regulated ACE2 expression, which was reduced by the spike protein in the lung and colon, significantly improved the deregulation of inflammatory markers caused by the spike protein, and regulated the activity of TGF-β/Smads and NF-κB signaling.Conclusion Traditional Chinese medicine has a protective effect on lung and intestinal tissue injury stimulated by the spike protein through possible regulatory functions of the NF-κB and TGF-β1/Smad pathways with tissue type specificity.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Female , Humans , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/pharmacology , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Lung , Antineoplastic Agents , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Colon
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5632-5640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008760

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of Xihuang Pills in improving hyperplasia of mammary gland(HMG) in rats based on urine metabolomics using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS). The HMG rat model was established by intramuscular injection of estradiol benzoate solution(0.5 mg·kg~(-1), 25 days) followed by progesterone injection(5 mg·kg~(-1), 5 days). UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS technology was used to establish the endogenous small-molecule metabolic profiles in urine samples of rats in the blank group, the HMG model group, and Xihuang Pills group. Multivariate statistical analysis was performed for pattern recognition, t test and variable importance in the projection(VIP) were used to screen potential biomarkers. The significantly changed differential metabolites were identified using the online database Human Metabolome Database(HMDB). Metabolic pathway enrichment analysis was conducted using the MetaboAnalyst 5.0 database. The results showed that 90 differential metabolites with significant changes(P<0.05) were identified between the blank group and the HMG model group using the HMDB. Among them, 48 metabolites significantly reverted(P<0.05) after administration of Xihuang Pills, which may be related to the regulatory effect of Xihuang Pills. Thirteen metabolic pathways significantly associated with HMG were identified when the differential metabolites were imported into the MetaboAnalyst 5.0 database, and Xihuang Pills could modulate seven of these pathways. These metabolic pathways mainly involved histidine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, β-alanine metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, and amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism. This study utilized UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS and urine metabolomics technology to analyze the mechanism of Xihuang Pills in improving HMG, laying the foundation for further in-depth research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Hyperplasia , Metabolomics/methods , Metabolome , Biomarkers/urine
10.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2372-2376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998590

ABSTRACT

It is believed that the basic pathogenesis of oculomotor nerve paralysis (ONP) is qi and blood depletion and channel obstruction. Taking channel pattern differentiation as the core, it is recommended to use acupuncture mainly based on location, syndrome and channel deficiency-excess differentiation. Location and channel tropism differentiation mainly follows the principle of “where the channels and collaterals pass, the main treatment can reach”, and commonly uses acupuncture points on Dumai (督脉), the hand Shaoyang (少阳) Sanjiao (三焦) channel, the hand Taiyang (太阳) small intestine channel, three yang channels of the foot, the hand Shaoyin (少阴) heart channel, the foot Jueyin (厥阴) liver channel, and others, and combines scalp acupuncture with electro-acupuncture to enhance channel stimulation. Pattern and channel tropism differentiation is to differentiate the entered channel according to clinical symptoms and zang-fu patterns. The differentiation of deficiency-excess should be payed attention to, and the principle of “supplementing the deficiency, and draining the excess” should be followed. The supplementing and draining method should be used rationally by considering the differences in the supplementing and draining acupoints themselves, as well as the actual condition of the patients. Simultaneously, it is suggested to combine manipulation and stimulation amount and effect in clinical practice.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2077-2080, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998493

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the clinical outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract phacoemulsification combined with anterior vitrectomy in the treatment of pediatric cataracts.METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 10 patients(17 eyes)diagnosed as pediatric cataract in Foshan Aier Eye Hospital from January 2021 to September 2022 were collected, including 5 males(9 eyes)and 5 females(8 eyes), with an age of 3~9(4.50±1.20)years old. All children underwent femtosecond laser assisted phacoemulsification combined with anterior vitrectomy. The visual acuity, intraocular pressure and pigment deposits of intraocular lens(IOL)surface, synechia and hyperplasia of posterior capsule lens at 1wk, 1 and 6mo postoperatively were observed during the 6mo follow-up.RESULTS: All surgical procedures were successful, and there was no serious complication intraoperatively or postoperatively. BCVA(LogMAR)was 0.63±0.18 preoperatively and 0.42±0.10, 0.32±0.09, and 0.22±0.08 at 1wk, 1 and 6mo postoperatively(all P&#x003C;0.001). There was no difference in the comparison of intraocular pressure at different times of surgery(P=0.125). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of IOL surface pigment deposits, synechia, and posterior capsule lens hyperplasia at different times after surgery(P&#x003E;0.05). The incidence of IOL surface pigment deposits at 1wk, 1 and 6mo after surgery was 3 eyes(18%), 1 eye(6%), and 1 eye(6%), respectively, the incidence of synechia was 0 eye, 1 eye(6%), 2 eyes(12%), and the incidence of posterior capsule lens hyperplasia was 0 eye, 0 eye, and 2 eyes(12%), respectively.CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract phacoemulsification combined with vitrectomy for the removal of the anterior vitreous can effectively prevent anterior capsular tear and the occurrence of posterior capsule opacification.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1059-1064, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956954

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially with PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors, have fallen under the spotlight in recent years. However, the combination therapy not only brings potential benefits to patients, but also alters the incidence of adverse events. At present, there is no adequate data to elucidate the incidence of adverse events in all-stage NSCLC patients. In this article, research progress on the toxicities of radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy for various stages of NSCLC, especially pneumonitis, was reviewed, aiming to maximize the benefits for patients with all-stage NSCLC.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 772-777, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the compliance with Chinese Residency Training Program of radiation oncology and provide reference for the improvement of system reform and base construction.Methods:An survey was conducted among residents who had completed residency training program of radiation oncology by online questionnaires in four dimensions, including the fulfillment of training center in hardware, personnel and procedures, the compliance with syllabuses, mechanism of trainee evaluation, and the passing rate and satisfaction degree of trainees.Results:The results showed that most training centers fulfilled the requirement of equipment, mentoring personnel and procedures. The training syllabuses had been followed and integrated with organization multi-modalities. The trainees with high degree of satisfaction accounted for 65.6%, and the final qualification passing rate reached 75.5%. However, there were less reference textbooks, insufficient training in general medicine, limited clinical practice, and low output in academic publication.Conclusions:The residency training program of radiation oncology has been established in China and achieved notable progress. For the further improvement, quantitative optimization of procedures, increasing opportunity of practice and strengthening scientific research involvement would be beneficial.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 195-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935995

ABSTRACT

The damage of sweat glands in patients with extensive deep burns results in the loss of thermoregulation, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. At present, there are many researches on the repair of sweat gland function, but the mechanism of human sweat gland development has not been fully clarified. More and more studies have shown that the cascaded pathways of Wnt/β-catenin, ecto- dysplasin A/ectodysplasin A receptor/nuclear factor-κB, sonic hedgehog, and forkhead box transcription factor jointly affect the development of sweat glands, and it has been reported that the cascaded signaling pathways can be used to achieve the reconstruction of sweat adenoid cells in vitro. This article reviews the signaling pathways that affect the development of sweat glands and their involvement in the reconstruction of sweat adenoid cells in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoids/metabolism , Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism , Quality of Life , Signal Transduction , Sweat/metabolism , Sweat Glands/physiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 386-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) from China and compare these features with patients from Europe/North America. Methods: We reviewed case reports published between 1990 and 2020 with the key words of "Takotsubo syndrome" "stress cardiomyopathy" "apical balloon syndrome" and "broken heart syndrome", in Wanfang, CNKI, Pubmed and Web of Science databases, and 1 294 articles were identified, including 128 articles reporting 163 cases in China and 1 166 articles reporting 1 256 cases in Europe/North America. The characteristics of demographics, triggers, symptoms, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, left ventriculogram,coronary angiography, treatment and prognosis were analyzed and compared between Chinese and European/North American cases. Results: A total of 1 294 articles (1 419 cases: 163 from China, 1 256 from Europe/North America) were included in the final analysis. The characteristics of Chinese cases included: (1) demographic:the age was (59.6±16.9) years, which was similar with that of European/North American ((59.7±17.4) years, P=0.90), and female accounting for 78.5% (128/163), which was lower than that of European/North American (85.4% (1 073/1 256), P=0.02). (2) Triggers:mental triggers accounted for 48.5% (79/163), physical triggers accounted for 43.6% (71/163), and no triggers accounted for 7.9% (13/163), respectively. Compared with Europe/North America, the ratio of patients with mental triggers was higher in China, while the ratio of patients with physical triggers and no triggers was lower (P<0.05). (3) Symptoms: chest pain (52.8% (86/163)), chest tightness (35.0% (57/163)), shortness of breath (33.1% (54/163)), dizziness (16.0% (26/163)), sweating (15.3% (25/163)), palpitations (12.3% (20/163)), syncope (9.2% (15/163)) abdominal pain/diarrhea (8.6% (14/163)), hypotension (7.4% (12/163)), and fatigue (1.2% (2/163)) were illustrated in sequence. Compared with patients in Europe/North America, the ratio of patients with chest tightness, dizziness, sweating, palpitations, abdominal pain/diarrhea was higher in Chinese patients, while the ratio of patients with hypotension was lower in Chinese patients (P<0.05). (4) Electrocardiogram: main manifestations were myocardial ischemia symptoms, such as ST-segment elevation (63.8% (104/163)), T wave inversion (46.0% (75/163)), ST-segment depression (8.6% (14/163)). Compared with European/North American, the ratio of patients with ST-segment elevation, T wave inversion, and atrioventricular block was higher in Chinese patients (P<0.05). (5) Echocardiography and imaging:apical dyskinesia (59.5% (97/163)) and apical/left ventricular bulbar dilation (36.2%(59/163)) dominated the echocardiography findings. Compared with European/North American, the ratio of patients with apical dyskinesia, apical/left ventricular bulbar dilation, and mitral regurgitation was higher in Chinese patients, while the ratio of patients with dyskinesia in other parts and left ventricular ejection fraction<50% was lower in Chinese patients (P<0.05). Left ventricular angiography showed 36.2% (59/163) of apical dyskinesia in Chinese patients, which was higher than that reported in European/North American patients, and 38.7% (63/163) of apical/left ventricular bulbar dilation was reported in Chinese patients, which was similar to that reported in European/North American patients. Coronary angiography showed percent of no stenosis or stenosis less than 50% was 87.1% (142/163), which was similar to that reported in European/North American patients (P>0.05). The typical type of TTS accounted for 96.3% (157/163), which was significantly higher than that reported in European/ American patients, while the ratio of basal type and midventricular type was lower (P<0.01). (6) Treatment and prognosis:the applied drugs in China were listed in order as following, β-blockers (41.1% (67/163)), antiplatelet agents (37.4%(61/163)), ACEI/ARB (36.2%(59/163)), anticoagulants (27.0%(44/163)), diuretics (19.6% (32/163)), etc. Compared with Europe/North America, the ratio of antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, statins, diuretics, and nitrates use was higher in China (P<0.05), while the use of oxygen therapy and IABP was similar (P>0.05). The hospital mortality in China was 5.5% (9/163), during 1-year follow-up the recurrence rate was 3.7% (6/163) and the mortality was 0. The prognosis was similar with that in Europe/North America. Conclusions: Compared with TTS cases in Europe/North America, TTS cases in China also occur usually in middle-aged and elderly women, most of whom have mental/physical triggers and typical imaging manifestations, followed by a low hospital mortality rate and recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain/complications , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Anticoagulants , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , China/epidemiology , Diuretics , Dizziness/complications , Dyskinesias/complications , Electrocardiography , Europe/epidemiology , Hypotension/complications , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stroke Volume , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/etiology , Ventricular Function, Left
16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 214-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933393

ABSTRACT

To explore the association between hemoglobin and all-cause mortality in China elderly population varying level of body mass index. The data were from Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey 2008 to 2018. A total of 1 449 elderly participants were included with 247 lost to follow-up. According to the hemoglobin levels, the participants were divided into three groups: low hemoglobin group (male<120 g/L, female<110 g/L), normal hemoglobin group (120 g/L≤male<160 g/L, 110 g/L≤female<150 g/L), and high hemoglobin group (male≥160 g/L, female≥150 g/L). According to the BMI levels, the data was divided into three groups: overweight or obesity(BMI≥25 kg/m 2), normal weight(18.5 kg/m 2≤BMI<25 kg/m 2), and malnutrition (BMI<18.5 kg/m 2). Differences of association between hemoglobin and mortality were analyzed. In this dataset, the constituent ratio of anemia was 23.1%(334/1 449), and malnutrition was 26.6%(385/1 449). During the follow-up, a total of 778 participants died. Among whom, 233 cases(77.2%) were in the low hemoglobin group and 87 cases (55.4%) in the high hemoglobin group. In the BMI subgroup analysis, the people combined malnutrition and anemia had the highest cumulative mortality rate (79.1%), and the people with overweight and higher hemoglobin had a lower cumulative mortality rate (46.2%). In people with low BMI, increase in hemoglobin by one category reduced the risk of death by 0.572 (95% CI 0.446-0.734, P<0.001). In people with normal BMI, improvement in hemoglobin by one category reduced the risk of death by 0.717(95% CI 0.620-0.829, P<0.001). The reduction of hemoglobin levels increases the risk of all-cause mortality rate. And this correlation is particularly prominent in the population with low BMI.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 579-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932709

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially with PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors, have fallen under the spotlight in recent years. How to explore the optimal combination modality of radiotherapy and immunotherapy to maximize the benefits for all-stage patients is one of the developing directions of clinical research. This article expounds the effect of radiotherapy on tumor immunology, research progress on radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy for various stages of NSCLC, and the problems existing in radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 425-430, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932686

ABSTRACT

Objective:Simultaneous integrated boost radiation technique in limited-stage small cell lung cancer is lack of evidence. This prospective study aims to evaluate whether the simultaneous integrated boost is as efficacious and safe as conventional fractionated radiotherapy.Methods:Patients diagnosed with treatment-naive and confirmed limited-stage SCLC were eligible. Participants were randomly assigned (1: 1) to receive simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy (PGTV 60.2 Gy/2.15 Gy/28F, PTV 50.4 Gy/1.8 Gy/28F) or conventional fractionated radiotherapy (PTV 60 Gy/2 Gy/30F). The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival, and the secondary endpoints were 2-year overall survival, 2-year local-regional recurrence-free survival and toxicity.Results:Between February 2017 and July 2019, 231 patients were enrolled. We analyzed 216 patients whose follow-up time was more than 2 years or who had died, among whom 106 patients in the conventional fractionated radiotherapy group and 110 patients in the simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy group. The median follow-up time was 37 months (95% CI: 35.2-38.7). The 2-year progression-free survival rates were 45.2% vs. 38.2%( HR=1.22, 95% CI: 0.87-1.72, P=0.2). The 2-year overall survival rates were 73.5% vs. 60.9%( HR=1.35, 95% CI: 0.90-2.04, P=0.14). The 2-year local-regional recurrence-free survival rates were 68.7% vs. 69.9%( HR=0.98, 95% CI: 0.62-1.56, P=1.0). Multivariate analysis showed that early radiotherapy yielded better 2-year progression-free survival, overall survival and local-regional recurrence-free survival than delayed radiotherapy in two groups ( HR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.18-2.41, P=0.003; HR=1.72, 95% CI: 1.09-2.70, P=0.018; HR=1.66, 95% CI: 1.01-2.73, P=0.046). Tumor staging was an influencing factor of overall survival (stage Ⅲ vs. stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, HR=3.64, 95% CI: 1.15-11.57, P=0.028). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were myelosuppression (21.7% vs. 15.4%, P=0.83), radiation pneumonitis (4.7% vs. 2.7%, P=0.44) and radiation esophagitis (3.8% vs. 1.8%, P=0.51). Conclusions:Simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy yields equivalent efficacy and toxicities to conventional fractionated radiotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer. Early radiotherapy can enhance clinical prognosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 298-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932671

ABSTRACT

The effect of radiotherapy on anti-tumor immunity is bidirectional, immunotherapy, especially the combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and radiotherapy, can produce synergistic effects on anti-tumor immunity. Compared with conventional radiotherapy, stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) can achieve high-precision and high-dose irradiation on target lesions, and has stronger anti-tumor immune activation effect. At the same time, due to the steep dose gradient, SABR can better protect the surrounding normal tissues, which is an effective means for the rapid control of local lesions in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ICIs are an important component of standard treatment for advanced NSCLC. There is growing evidence that SABR in combination with ICIs can benefit patients with advanced NSCLC. This article reviews the biological basis and clinical research progress on the combination of these two therapies, aiming to provide reference for the domestic counterparts to better use this new treatment model.

20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1138-1141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of rotational Scarf osteotomy in treating hallux valgus (HV) with rotation of the first metatarsal bone.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to October 2019, 35 patients (40 feet) with HV and rotation deformity of the first metatarsal were treated with rotational Scarf osteotomy, including 5 males and 30 females;aged from 25 to 76 years old with an average of (40.32±5.43) years old. Hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA), the first metatarsal length (FML) were observed and compared, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) of hallux metatarsophalangeal interphalangeal joint score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate functional evaluation.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-five patients(40 feet) were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (14.35±3.62) months. HVA, IMA and DMAA were corrected from (36.32±4.51) °, (14.21±3.22) ° and (28.35±4.32) ° before operation to (14.32±5.71) °, (5.83±3.97) ° and (7.32±2.14) ° after operation respectively (P<0.05). There was no satistical difference in FML before and after operation (P>0.05). AOFAS score and VAS improved from (57.00±4.31) and (6.00±1.21) before operation to (90.31±3.28) and (1.42±0.83) after operation, respectively, and had significant difference(P<0.05);according to AOFAS score, 23 feet got excellent results, 15 feet good and 2 feet fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Rotational Scarf osteotomy with strong correction and high dimension could effectively correct HV combined with rotation deformity of the first metatarsal bone, improve function of the forefoot, and obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Fluorometholone , Rotation , Treatment Outcome , Radiography , Bunion , Osteotomy/methods
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