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1.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 31-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of IL-28B in a mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and to analyze the possible mechanism.Methods:Thirty-five male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the following groups with seven mice in each group: control group, DSS group and three IL-28B groups (1.25 μg, 2.5 μg and 5 μg). The mice in the DSS group and IL-28B groups were fed with 2.5% DSS solution and from day 3, the IL-28B groups were given intraperitoneal injection of corresponding IL-28B every day and the DSS group was treated with PBS. During the experiment, the disease activity index (DAI) was evaluated daily. On day 8, the mice were sacrificed and peripheral blood, spleen, mesenteric lymph node and colon samples were collected. The colon samples were observed, measured in length and stained with HE, and histopathological scores were calculated based on HE staining. Changes of immune cells in different samples were detected by flow cytometry. ELISA was used to detect the expression of IL-12, IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-13 in serum and colon tissues.Results:Compared with the DSS group, the IL-28B group (2.5 μg) had lower DAI scores [(9.40±1.67) vs (3.50±1.73), P<0.01], less shortening of the colon [(5.16±0.61) cm vs (6.91±0.60) cm, P<0.01] and significantly lower histopathological scores [(7.33±0.58) vs (4.33±0.58), P<0.01]. Moreover, compared with the DSS group, the IL-28B group (2.5 μg) showed decreased macrophages in the peripheral blood [(21.39±3.21)% vs (15.63±2.98)%, P<0.05] and spleen [(3.03±0.28)% vs (2.05±0.48)%, P<0.05], and significantly increased mean fluorescence intensity of M2 macrophages in the colon [(1 361.00±293.40) vs (2 074.00±87.61), P<0.05]. IL-12 expression in colon tissues and IL-1β expression in serum were reduced, and IL-10, IL-4 and IL-13 expression in colon tissues was significantly increased in the IL-28B group (2.5 μg) as compared with those in the DSS group [IL-12: (31.72±6.92) pg/mg vs (5.41±3.41) pg/mg; IL-1β: (48.01±16.13) pg/ml vs (12.27±6.26) pg/ml; IL-10: (184.70±46.82) pg/mg vs (444.30±157.80) pg/mg; IL-4: (2.23±0.27) pg/mg vs (3.64±0.80) pg/mg; IL-13: (11.79±0.99) pg/mg vs (22.59±1.92) pg/mg; all P<0.05]. Conclusions:IL-28B might alleviate the severity of acute enteritis in mice by increasing the secretion of IL-4 and IL-13, regulating macrophage differentiation and modulating the expression of inflammatory factors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 207-211, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the long-term efficacy of a modified unilateral cutaneous ureterostomy in bladder cancer patients receiving radical cystectomy.Methods:The medical data of 104 bladder cancer patients who underwent ureterostomy in our hospital from Janurary 2013 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into unilateral and bilateral group. The unilateral group contained 66 cases, with 53 males and 13 females, average age (71.8±9.8) years, body mass index (BMI)(23.3±3.2)kg/m 2. The bilateral group contained 38 cases, with 33 males and 5 females, average age (75.1±10.8) years; BMI (22.7±3.0)kg/m 2. There was no significant difference in the above characteristics between the two groups ( P>0.05). The pathology, survival status, long-term complications between the two groups were compared. Quality of life was assessed during follow-up using the European Core Questionnaire for Quality of Life in Cancer Patients (EORTC QLQ-C30). Results:The unilateral group contained 46(69.7%) muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) cases, 15 (22.7%) cases with lymph node metastasis, 7 (10.6%) cases with distant metastasis. The bilateral group contained 24(63.2%) muscle invasive bladder cancer(MIBC) cases, 6 (15.8%) cases with lymph node metastasis, 2 (5.3%) cases with distant metastasis. There was no significant difference in disease specific survival between the two groups ( P>0.05). During the follow-up, the incidence of overall complication rate in the unilateral group was significantly lower than that in the bilateral group [43.9% (29/66) vs. 63.2% (24/38), P<0.001]. The incidence of pyelonephritis in unilateral group was significantly lower than that in the bilateral group [16.6%(11/66) vs. 42.1%(16/38), P=0.006]. There was no statistical significance in terms of quality of life before operation in the two groups. After operation, both physical function score[(54.9±7.1) vs.(49.2±6.7)] and emotional function score [(63.1±6.4) vs.(59.9±6.7)] in unilateral group were higher than that in bilateral group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The modified unilateral cutaneous ureterostomy could achieve relatively low complication rate, and improve the quality of life to some extent compared with bilateral ureterostomy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 250-257,C4-2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of curcumin in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods:The randomized controlled trials of curcumin in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis published from January 2011 to August 2021 were retrieved. The bias risk of the included literatures was evaluated by Revman 5.3 software, and the efficacy related indexes and the incidence of adverse events were analyzed by Stata 16.0 software. The weighted mean difference ( WMD) was calculated for the difference of efficacy indexes, the odds ratio ( OR) was calculated for the difference of safety indexes, the difference was compared by t test. Results:① A total of 9 relevant literatures were included, all of which were in English. ② A total of 724 patients were included in the study, of which 383 were treated with curcumin capsules and 341 were treated with placebo. ③ The visual analogue scale/score (VAS) of patients treated with oral curcumin at 3-4, 6 and 8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, the differences were statistically significant [weighted mean difference ( WMD)=-1.09, 95% CI (-1.44, -0.73), P<0.001; WMD=-1.52, 95% CI (-2.35, -0.69), P<0.001; WMD=-1.20, 95% CI(-1.71, -0.69), P<0.001]. ④ The western Ontario and McMaster universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) scores of patients treated with oral curcumin for 3-4 and 6-8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, and the differences were statistically significant [ WMD=-7.96, 95% CI(-14.89, -1.04), P=0.020; WMD=-15.34, 95% CI(-20.51, -10.18), P<0.001]. Specifically, the WOMAC pain and stiffness scores of patients treated with oral curcumin for 6-8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, and the differences were statistically significant [ WMD=-2.16, 95% CI(-3.69, -0.63), P=0.010; WMD=-1.00, 95% CI (-1.54, -0.46), P<0.001]. The WOMAC joint function scores of patients treated with oral curcumin for 3-4 and 6-8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, the difference was statistically significant [ WMD=-3.21, 95% CI(-4.51, -1.92), P<0.001; WMD=-7.07, 95% CI(-11.19, -2.94), P<0.001]. ⑤ There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between oral curcumin and placebo [ OR=1.19, 95% P(0.74, 1.90), P=0.478]. Conclusion:Compared with placebo, oral curcumin can significantly alleviate the pain, stiffness and joint function of patients with knee osteoarthritis, and its safety is similar to placebo.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of prophylactic octreotide administration on pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD)associated postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), total complications, peri-operative death and postoperative in-hospital days.Methods:From January 2020 to August 2021, 148 patients who underwent PD in the Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery in Ren Ji Hospital affiliated with School of Medicine of Shanghai Jiao Tong University were recruited into this single-center randomized control double-blinded clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned into octreotide group ( n=74) and control group ( n=74). Octreotide group was subcutaneously injected with 0.1 mg (1 ml) octreotide after preoperative anesthesia, and was subcutaneously injected with the same dose every 8 hours for 5 days, with a total of 16 doses. Control group was injected with 1 ml normal saline in the same way, and relevant clinical data and indicators of the two groups were recorded. The primary endpoint was clinically relevant pancreatic fistula, and the secondary endpoints were total complications, perioperative death and postoperative in-hospital days. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen the risk factors of clinically related POPF after PD. Results:120 patients were finally enrolled, including 61 in octreotide group and 59 in control group. There were no significant differences on age, gender ratio, body mass index, preoperative surgery rate of jaundice reduction, preoperative major biochemical indicators, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pancreatic duct diameter, pancreatic texture and pathological type composition ratio. The total incidence of clinical relevant POPF was 8.3%, and there were no significant differences on biochemical leakage (4.9% vs 8.5%, P=0.435), grade B fistula (4.9% vs 8.5%, P=0.435) and grade C fistula (1.6% vs 1.7%, P=0.981). The total complication incidence (24.5% vs 28.8%, P=0.601), perioperative mortality (0 vs 3.3%, P=0.147) and postoperative in-hospital days (20.6±11.1 d vs 19.5±12.2 d, P=0.633) were not significantly different between two groups. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative serum albumin level <30 g/L( P<0.001) and pathological type of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma ( P=0.036) were independent risk factors for POPF after PD, while multivariate analysis found no statistically significant risk factors. Conclusions:Octreotide can neither reduce the incidences of POPF, total complications and postoperative mortality, nor shorten postoperative in-hospital days. However, for patients with preoperative hypoproteinemia and (or) the pathological type of pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma, the prophylactic use of octreotide during PD and after PD may reduce the occurrence of POPF.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 813-819,C12-1, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992908

ABSTRACT

Objective:The effect of intermedin (IMD) on ATP-induced activation of inflammatory bodies and pyroptosis of cells and its mechanism were studied using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-sensitized mouse macrophage line RAW 264.7.Methods:The cells were divided into the control groups, the LPS groups, LPS+IMD groups, and LPS+IMD+LY294002 groups. The expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 and the activation of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammatory cells were detected by real-time PCR and western blotting, and the pyroptosis of cells was detected by propidium iodide (PI) staining. The measurement data was represented by MS± SD, and the inter-group difference was compared with ANOVA calculations, and P<0.05 represented the difference with statistical significance. Results:Compared with the control group [(0.83±0.09) vs (0.49±0.04)], the ratio of phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, p-PI3K)/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) (0.44±0.05) and p-Akt/Akt (0.27±0.06) in the LPS group was significantly decreased. The ratios of p-PI3K/PI3K (1.22±0.18) and pAkt/Akt (0.83±0.09) in LPS+IMD group was significantly increased ( F=31.40, P<0.001; F=50.88, P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-1β, IL-18 and NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC) in RAW264.7 cells were up-regulated in the LPS group (LPS and ATP). Compared with LPS group, IMD treatment inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-18 and NLRP3 inflammasome, which was blocked by LY294002, a blocker of PI3K/Akt pathway. The results of real-time PCR showed that the relative expression of IL-1β mRNA was (1.00±0.11) in the control group, (8.32±0.61) in the LPS group, (8.32±0.55) in the LPS+IMD group, and (7.23±0.41) in the LPS+IMD+LY group ( F=15.42, P<0.001). The relative expression of IL-18 mRNA in the control group was (1.00±0.17), (1.82±0.21) in the LPS group, (1.14±0.15) in the LPS+IMD group, and (1.53±0.11) in the LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=18.16, P<0.001). The relative expression of NLRP3 mRNA in the control group was (1.00±0.13), (2.58±0.18) in the LPS group, (1.07±0.17) in the LPS+IMD group, and (1.33±0.32) in the LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=15.98, P< 0.001); The relative expression of caspase-1 mRNA in the control group was (1.00±0.09), (6.20±0.19) in the LPS group, (3.43±0.06) in the LPS+IMD group, and (5.50±0.45) in the LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=18.39, P<0.001). The relative expression of ASC mRNA in the control group was (1.00±0.21), (4.58±0.48) in the LPS group, (2.07±0.51) in the LPS+IMD group, and (3.33±0.32) in the LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=15.19, P<0.001). Western blotting results showed that the relative expression of IL-1β protein was as follows: (100%) in the control group, [(188±14)%] in the LPS group, [(112±11)%] in the LPS+IMD group, and [(171±27)%] in the LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=21.25, P<0.001). The relative expression of IL-18 protein in the control group was 100%, [(183±16)%] in the LPS group, [(115±19)%] in the LPS+IMD group, and [(179±23)%] in the LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=19.62, P<0.001). The relative expression of NLRP3 protein was 100% in the control group, [(149±15)%] in the LPS group, [(106±10)%] in the LPS+IMD group, and [(144±15)%] in LPS+IMD+LY group respectively ( F=14.35, P<0.001). The relative expression of ASC protein was 100% in the control group, [(188±12)%] in the LPS group, [(110±18)%] in the LPS+IMD group, and [(192±8)%] in the LPS+IMD+LY group ( F=15.79, P<0.001). Conclusion:IMD inhibits the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and cell pyroptosis by regulating PI3K/Akt activity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 730-736,C11-2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods:The relevant literatures including the randomized control study of intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma and hyaluronic acid in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis published from January 2010 to December 2021 were searched. The bias risk of the included literatures was evaluated by Revman 5.3 software, and the data were processed and analyzed by Stata 16.0 software. The weighted mean difference ( WMD) was calculated for the difference ofefficacy indexes, and the difference was compared by t-test. The odds ratio ( OR) was calculated for the difference of safety index, and the difference was compared by t-test. Results:① A total of 10 literatures were included, all of which were in English. ② A total of 921 patients were included in the study, of which 479 patients were treated with intra-articular injection of platelet rich plasma and 442 patients were treated with intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid. ③ Comparing the VAS scores of platelet rich plasma injection and hyaluronic acid injection, the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of platelet rich plasma injection patients were significantly lower than those of hyaluronic acid injection patients after 6 and 12 months of injection treatment, and the difference was statistically significant [ WMD(95% CI)=-0.66(-1.25, -0.77), P=0.029; WMD(95% CI)= -0.90(-1.51, -0.29), P=0.004]. ④ The specific performance was that the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain score of patients injected with platelet rich plasma after 6 and 12 months of injection treatment was significantly lower than that of patients injected with hyaluronic acid [ WMD(95% CI)=-0.76(-1.06, 0.45), P<0.001; WMD(95% CI)=-1.35(-2.05, -0.65), P<0.01]; After 3, 6 and 12 months of injection treatment, the WOMAC stiffness score of patients injected with platelet rich plasma was significantly lower than that of patients injected with hyaluronic acid [( WMD(95% CI)=-0.37(-0.66, -0.08), P=0.011; WMD(95% CI)=-0.30(-0.57, -0.04), P=0.023; WMD(95% CI)=-0.62(-0.92, -0.33), P<0.001]; After 3, 6 and 12 months of injection treatment, the WOMAC function score of patients injected with platelet rich plasma was significantly lower than that of patients injected with hyaluronic acid [ WMD(95% CI)=-1.90 (-2.53, -1.27), P<0.001; WMD(95% CI)=-5.77(-9.20, -2.34), P=0.001; WMD(95% CI)=-5.72(-8.62, -2.82), P<0.001]. ⑤There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two intra-articular injection methods [ OR(95% CI)=1.28(0.68, 2.42), P=0.440]. Conclusion:Compared with intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid, the short-term clinical efficacy of injection of platelet rich plasma is equivalent to that of injection of hyaluronic acid, but the long-term clinical efficacy is better, and the safety of the two methods is similiar.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 411-416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885691

ABSTRACT

As an anti-inflammatory factor, Interleukin 35 (IL-35) is composed of p35 subunit and EBI3 subunit. IL-35 plays an important role in many diseases, but many mechanisms are not clear. In recent years, it has been found that IL-35 plays an important immunomodulatory role in autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, type I diabetes, pemphigus and primary biliary cirrhosis, etc. This review summarizes the research progress of the mechanism of IL-35 in the above autoimmune diseases.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 316-318, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of online appointment system of standardized patients (SP) in cardiology practice teaching.Methods:The undergraduate students who entered the cardiology department of Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine for clinical practice in 2018 and 2019 were selected as teaching objects, and they were divided into traditional teaching group ( n=30) and appointed SP teaching group ( n=30). After the teaching, SPSS 19.0 software was used for data analysis to compare the teaching effect of the two groups. Results:The scores of SP teaching group were higher than those of traditional teaching control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Through constructing SP database and typical case database, online appointment system of SP for medical history inquiry and doctor-patient communication skills training can effectively solve the problems such as lack of clinical practice cases and doctor-patient contradiction, and greatly improve the teaching efficiency.

9.
Immune Network ; : e21-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898580

ABSTRACT

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have strong immunosuppressive activity and are morphologically similar to conventional monocytes and granulocytes. The development and classification of these cells have, however, been controversial. The activation network of MDSCs is relatively complex, and their mechanism of action is poorly understood, creating an avenue for further research. In recent years, MDSCs have been found to play an important role in immune regulation and in effectively inhibiting the activity of effector lymphocytes.Under certain conditions, particularly in the case of tissue damage or inflammation, MDSCs play a leading role in the immune response of the central nervous system. In cancer, however, this can lead to tumor immune evasion and the development of related diseases. Under cancerous conditions, tumors often alter bone marrow formation, thus affecting progenitor cell differentiation, and ultimately, MDSC accumulation. MDSCs are important contributors to tumor progression and play a key role in promoting tumor growth and metastasis, and even reduce the efficacy of immunotherapy. Currently, a number of studies have demonstrated that MDSCs play a key regulatory role in many clinical diseases. In light of these studies, this review discusses the origin of MDSCs, the mechanisms underlying their activation, their role in a variety of clinical diseases, and their function in immune response regulation.

10.
Immune Network ; : e21-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890876

ABSTRACT

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have strong immunosuppressive activity and are morphologically similar to conventional monocytes and granulocytes. The development and classification of these cells have, however, been controversial. The activation network of MDSCs is relatively complex, and their mechanism of action is poorly understood, creating an avenue for further research. In recent years, MDSCs have been found to play an important role in immune regulation and in effectively inhibiting the activity of effector lymphocytes.Under certain conditions, particularly in the case of tissue damage or inflammation, MDSCs play a leading role in the immune response of the central nervous system. In cancer, however, this can lead to tumor immune evasion and the development of related diseases. Under cancerous conditions, tumors often alter bone marrow formation, thus affecting progenitor cell differentiation, and ultimately, MDSC accumulation. MDSCs are important contributors to tumor progression and play a key role in promoting tumor growth and metastasis, and even reduce the efficacy of immunotherapy. Currently, a number of studies have demonstrated that MDSCs play a key regulatory role in many clinical diseases. In light of these studies, this review discusses the origin of MDSCs, the mechanisms underlying their activation, their role in a variety of clinical diseases, and their function in immune response regulation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): E019-E019, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of online appointment system of standardized patient in cardiology practice teaching.Methods:The undergraduate students who entered the cardiology department for clinical practice in 2018 and 2019 were selected as teaching objects, and they were divided into traditional teaching group ( n=30) and appointed SP teaching group ( n=30). After the teaching, SPSS 19.0 software was used for data analysis to compare the teaching effect of the two groups. Results:The scores of SP teaching group were higher than those of traditional teaching control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Through constructing standardized patient database and typical case database, online appointment system of standardized patient for medical history inquiry and doctor-patient communication skills training can effectively solve the problems such as lack of clinical practice cases and doctor-patient contradiction, and greatly improve the teaching efficiency.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 54-57, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798930

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the occurrence and risk factors of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in adult burn patients.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 1 219 adult burn patients admitted to the Department of Burns of Zhengzhou First People′s Hospital from January 1, 2015 to August 31, 2016, conforming to the study criteria, were analyzed retrospectively by the method of case-control study, including 811 males and 408 females, aged 18-102 years. According to whether DVT occurred during hospitalization or not, the patients were divided into group DVT (n=12) and non-DVT group (n=1 207). The incidence of DVT, the diagnosis time of DVT, affected limbs, and DVT classification were counted and recorded. The gender, age, total burn area, D-dimer, lower limb burn, full-thickness burn, femoral vein indwelling central venous catheter (CVC) , inhalation injury, sepsis/infection shock, surgical operation, and infusion of concentrated red blood cells of patients between the two groups were compared with chi-square test, and then the indicators with statistically significant differences between the two groups were processed by multivariate binary logistic regression analysis to screen the independent risk factors of DVT in the adult burn patients.@*Results@#(1) The incidence of DVT of adult burn patients was 0.98% (12/1 219), and DVT was diagnosed 24-138 days after injury, with a median of 61.5 days. DVT occurred in the right lower limb of 2 patients, left lower limb of 8 patients, and bilateral lower limbs of 2 patients, and DVT classification included 6 cases of mixed type and 6 cases of peripheral type. (2) There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, and full-thickness burn of patients between the two groups ( χ2=1.524, 0.021, 3.115, P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in total burn area, lower limb burn, inhalation injury, sepsis/infection shock, D-dimer, femoral vein indwelling CVC, surgical operation, and infusion of concentrated red blood cells among patients between the two groups (χ2=17.975, 6.206, 3.987, 8.875, 5.447, 15.124, 10.735, 14.031, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (3) Total burn area, D-dimer, and femoral vein indwelling CVC were independent risk factors for DVT in adult burn patients (odds ratio=10.927, 4.762, 9.394, 95% confidence interval=3.078-38.789, 1.197-18.934, 2.631-33.540, P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of DVT in adult burn patients is relatively low, and the diagnosis time of DVT is 3 weeks after burn, with DVT classification of mixed type and peripheral type. The total burn area, femoral vein indwelling CVC, and D-dimer are independent risk factors for predicting DVT in adult burn patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 300-304, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754897

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of chondrocytes ultrastructure and the volume of type Ⅱ collagen in post-traumatic osteoarthritis through cartilage injury models of the femoral trochlea of rabbit.Methods The different cartilage injury models of the femoral trochlea of rabbit in vivo was made by impacting of different times.Rabbits were killed at each of the following intervals:1 week,4 weeks,8 weeks after impacting injury.The ultrastructures of the chondrocytes were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM).The changes of type Ⅱ collagen in cartilage tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and in-situ hybridization.A two-way classification ANOVA for factorial design was used for statistical analysis.P values of <0.05 were considered statistically significant.Results One week,changes of chondrocyte in experimental group were limit.4 weeks,Chondrocyte in experimental group was occurrent a series of changes:karyopycnosis,karyolysis、rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) broaden,mitochondrion swelling,lysosome appear,cell membrane rupture,and so on.Immunohistochemical results showed that the matrix around chondrocytes and the trapped collagen Ⅱ gradually became lighter at 4 weeks,and the gray values of the 20 hits group and the 40 hits group were all higher than those of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (F=9.58,P<0.05,P<0.01).In situ tests showed the same results,the positive cells were distributed in the middle and lower part and deep layer of the shape shifting layer,with light staining at 4 weeks.The gray value of the 20 hits group and the 40 hits group was higher than that of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant (F=8.64,P<0.05,P<0.01).Immunohistochemical results showed that a large amount of fibrous tissue appeared in the matrix around chondrocytes,with low collagen type Ⅱ content and generally no staining at 8 weeks.The staining gray value of collagen type Ⅱ expression in the 20 hits group and the 40 hits group was higher than that in the control group,and the difference was statistically significant (F=9.02,P< 0.01,P<0.01).In situ tests showed the same results,chondrocyte necrosis was severe,and hardly any cells with positive staining were observed.The gray value of the 20 hits group and the 40 hits group was higher than that of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant (F=8.32,P<0.01,P<0.01).Conclusion Impact lead to cvartilage maxtrix injury and chondrocyte death,pathological changes of articular cartilage were severity with time lasting,pathological changes of articular cartilage were severity with impact times increase,Stop impact,pathological changes of articular cartilage were development.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1206-1210, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799932

ABSTRACT

In this study, a new medical microbiology experiment teaching system, which was based on outcome-based education combined with inquiry-based teaching model, was developed and evaluated. According to the professional requirements of doctors, the objectives of emotion and comprehensive experimental ability were added, and the requirement for experimental operation skills was raised. In accordance with the concept of inquiry-based teaching, experimental contents were reorganized, and practical operation contents and comprehensive analytical experiments were increased to facilitate students' abilities of independent thinking and innovation. In addition, the proportion of microbiology laboratory examination was increased, experimental skill examination was focused, the assessment method was reformed, and extracurricular interest groups were established to deepen the learning. The teaching effect was evaluated by questionnaire, performance and follow-up survey. The result showed that the new model increased the students' course scores, improved their capability in innovation, academic writing and clinical working, and strengthened the weakness of traditional teaching in application and exploration, providing a new idea for the reform in medical microbiology experiment teaching.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1021-1025, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824749

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic factors of survival for patients with duodenal papilla carcinoma (DPC) after pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods 98 DPC patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy with follow-up from Jan 2010 to Dec 2017 at Renji Hospital,School of Medicine,Shanghai Jiao Tong University were analyzed retrospectively.Results 80 Cases were followed up.The 1,3,and 5 year survival rates of 80 patients were 89.9%,72.4%,and 66.6%,respectively.Univariate analysis showed tumor size,T stage,N stage,TNM stage,tissue differentiation degree were related to postoperative survival(all P <0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that tumor size,N stage,TNM stage,and tissue differentiation degree were independent factors influencing postoperative prognosis(all P < 0.05).Conclusions Tumor size,N stage,TNM stage and tumor tissue differentiation degree were independent factors influencing the prognosis of DPC after pancreaticoduodenectomy,suggesting that early diagnosis,early treatment and radical resection were the key to improve the postoperative prognosis of DPC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1206-1210, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824043

ABSTRACT

In this study,a new medical microbiology experiment teaching system,which was based on outcome-based education combined with inquiry-based teaching model,was developed and evaluated.According to the professional requirements of doctors,the objectives of emotion and comprehensive experimental ability were added,and the requirement for experimental operation skills was raised.In accordance with the concept of inquiry-based teaching,experimental contents were reorganized,and practical operation contents and comprehensive analytical experiments were increased to facilitate students' abilities of independent thinking and innovation.In addition,the proportion of microbiology laboratory examination was increased,experimental skill examination was focused,the assessment method was reformed,and extracurricular interest groups were established to deepen the learning.The teaching effect was evaluated by questionnaire,performance and follow-up survey.The result showed that the new model increased the students' course scores,improved their capability in innovation,academic writing and clinical working,and strengthened the weakness of traditional teaching in application and exploration,providing a new idea for the reform in medical microbiology experiment teaching.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 208-212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745821

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety,efficacy of interventional treatment for late postpancreaticoduodenectomy hemorrhage (LPPH).Methods From Jan 2008 to Dec 2017,678 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).33 patients (4.9%) suffered from LPPH.30 of these 33 patients underwent diagnostic angiography and endovascular treatment,either transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE,n =21) or covered stent placement (CSP,n =9),and the other 3 underwent laparotomy.Results The incidence of LPPH is 4.9% with a 12% motality.The most common presentation is bleeding from abdominal drainage (24.2%) and melena (24.2%).The incidence of sentinel bleeding (SB) is 45.5% and postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is 69.7%.Intra-abdominal infection were identified in 24 patients (72.7%) and the most common pathogenic bacteria is pseudomonas aeruginosa (11/24,45.8%).The mean time between PD operation and LPPH was 17.4 days.In 21 patients receiving TAE,4 got liver damage and 2 with liver abscesses,1 died.The most common site of LPPH is GDA stump and re-bleeding occurred in 5 patients.9 patients by CSP got bleeding under control.In all 7 re-bleeding patients,2 were saved by CSP,1 was saved by TAE,while the other 4 died.Conclusion Early intervention plays an important role for LPPH.CSP is better than TAE.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 183-187, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745571

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate changes of the urodynamics of extraperitoneal Studer orthotropic ileal neobladder after radical cystectomy.Methods Between July 2013 and October 2017,Retrospective analysis was performed on 58 bladder cancer patients.58 patients who underwent retrograde extraperitoneal approach of radical cystectomy and Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder.The patients were comprised of 56 male and 2 female patients with average age of 62 years.There were 9 cases of T1,26 cases of T2,20 cases of T3,and 3 cases of T4.All operations were completed by open suprapubic extraperitoneal approach,then entered the abdominal cavity.An ileal segment 50-55 cm long was isolated which was 25 cm proximal to the ileocecum.The 35-40 cm ileal segment was detubularized along its antimesenteric border.The anterior wall was folded forward with U-shaped and the edges were sutured to formed a neobladder.The proximal 15cm was reserved for the double isoperistaltic afferent limb.The lowest part of the neobladder was anastomosed with urethral stump,the peritoneum was closed at the mesentery,and the neobladder was completely placed extraperitoneal.Upper urinary tract function was examined by renal function test,enhanced CT,IVU or cystography.Uroflowmetry,urodynamic evaluation,diurnal and nocturnal continence were performed at 3,6,12,24 months following the surgery.Results After removed of the catheter,all patients were able to urinate through the urethra.The 3,6,12,24 month follow-up data of urodynamic were compared.The maximum neobladder capacity was[(378 ±66) vs.(381 ± 102)vs.(438 ± 75)vs.(472 ±96)] ml,the maximum flow rate [(10.2 ± 2.8) vs.(14.9 ± 4.3) vs.(16.4 ± 3.6) vs.(17.6 ± 2.1)] ml/s,maximum bladder pressure during filling was [(23.0 ± 4.6) vs.(21.7 ± 7.1) vs.(20.6 ± 6.4) vs.(18.8 ±6.3)] cmH2 O,the PVR was[(68.0 ± 33.2) vs.(36.2 ± 10.1) vs.(30.6 ± 11.9) vs.(14.0 t 9.6)] ml.There were significant differences between the 6-month and 12-month.There were no significant differences in the maximum bladder pressure during flowing [(38.6 ± 7.4) vs.(49.2 ± 6.8) vs.(58.4 ± 10.5) vs.(56.8 ± 7.4)] cmH2O.53 cases were followed up 12 months after surgery.Excellent daytime and nighttime continence was 98% (52/53)and 83 % (44/53)in the first year.Mild unilateral hydronephrosis occurred in 2 cases 1 month after surgery.Blood electrolytes and renal function were within the normal range.1 case presented bilateral mild hydronephrosis 12 months after surgery,without bladder and ureter regurgitation.The blood electrolyte and renal function of the other patients were in normal range with no signs of ureteral stricture and upper urinary tract hydronephrosis.Conclusions Extraperitoneal Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder reduced the interference of postoperative intraperitoneal intestinal tract on neobladder function.Postoperative patients have a smooth urination,a safe pressure during the storage period.The urination period,and the function of day and night urinary control is close to normal physiological characteristics.

19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1166-1169, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801422

ABSTRACT

The fungal microbiota from self-retained soil and tongue coating of 18 patients with precancerous lesions of upper gastrointestinal (PLUG) were sequenced. The diversity of α, β in and the structure of the microbial community were analyzed, and the association of them was quantified by using the Spearman rank correlation method. The richness index (1.67±2.79) and the diversity index (0.25±0.10) of the fungal microbiota from tongue coating of PLUG patients were significantly lower than those from soil (4.00±4.69; 0.99±0.18) (all P values<0.001). The relative abundance of 11 taxa from tongue coating of these PLUG patients was positively associated with that from soil (all P values<0.05).

20.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 370-375, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707865

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate changes in the serum expression levels of decorin (DCN),chondroitin sulfate (CS) and C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of type Ⅱ collagen (CTX-Ⅱ) and analyze the relationship between the expression levels and clinical characteristics,aiming to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment of arthritis.Methods Ninety subjects were divided into the osteoarthritis (OA),rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and control groups (n=30 for each group).The OA and RA patients were diagnosed in Department of Rheumatism Immunity of Shanxi Dayi Hospital,and the healthy volunteers who were doing physical check-up in the Physical Check-up Center of Shanxi Dayi Hospital were recruited as the control subjects.Visual analogue scale (VAS) was utilized to evaluate the degree of pain.X-ray was performed to assess the severity of joint lesions.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adopted to quantitatively measure the serum expression levels of DCN,CS and CTX-Ⅱ.The correlation among these parameters was statistically analyzed.Measurement data among different groups were statistically compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)and comparison between two groups was conducted by Tambane's T2.The correlation between two factors was analyzed by using Spearman correlation analysis.Results The difference of the serum expression levels of DCN in the OA,RA and control groups [(3.19±1.38) ng/ml,(1.90±0.62) ng/ml,(1.33 ±0.33) ng/ml] was statistically significant,which of the OA group was higher than the control group (P<0.01),which of the RA group was higher than control group (P<0.01),which of the OA group was higher than the RA group (P<0.001).The difference of the serum expression levels of CS in the OA,RA and control groups [(0.57±0.12) ng/ml,(0.95±0.47) ng/ml,(0.36±0.09) ng/ml] was statistically significant,in which,the OA group was higher than the control group (P<0.01),RA group was higher than control group (P<0.01),OA group was lower than RA group (P<0.01).The serum expression levels of CTX-Ⅱ in the OA and RA groups [(3.08±0.86) ng/ml,(3.03±1.14) ng/ml] were significantly up-regulated compared with those in the control group [(2.17±0.82) ng/ml](P<0.001,P=0.005).The expression level of CTX-Ⅱ did not significantly different between the OA and RA groups (P=0.996).In the OA and RA groups,the serum levels of DCN,CS,CTX-Ⅱ were po-sitively related to X-ray and VAS,the correlation of DCN was the highest,the correlation was high in both OA (r=0.777,P<0.01;r=0.622,P<0.01) and RA (r=0.640,P<0.01;r=0.493,P=0.006).Conclusion The serum levels of DCN,CS and CTX-Ⅱ in arthritis patients are significantly up-regulated compared with those in healthy controls,which are positively correlated with the degree of pain,and the severity of cartilage and bone defects.DCN is probably valuablein the differential diagnosis of early OA and RA.However,the clinical application remains to be further validated by evidence-based studies.

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