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Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 148-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982029


OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of bipolar-plasmakinetic transurethral enucleation and resection of the prostate (B-TUERP) in day surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to August 2022, 34 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent B-TUERP in day surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. Patients completed the screening and anesthesia evaluation before admission and received the standard surgery which implements "anatomical enucleation of the prostate" and "absolute bleeding control" on the same day of admission, and by the same doctor. Bladder irrigation was stopped, catheter was removed and the discharge evaluation was performed on the first day after operation. The baseline data, perioperative conditions, time of recovery, treatment outcomes, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully conducted. The average age of the patients was (62.2±7.8) years, average prostate volume was (50.2±29.3) mL. The average operation time was (36.5±19.1) min, the average hemoglobin and blood sodium were decreased by (16.2±7.1) g/L and (2.2±2.0) mmol/L, respectively. The average postoperative length of hospital stay, and total length of hospital stay were (17.7±2.2) and (20.8±2.1) h, respectively, and the average hospitalization cost was (13 558±2320) CNY. All patients were discharged on the day after surgery except for one patient who was transferred to a general ward. Three patients received indwelling catheterization after catheter removal. The 3-month follow-up results showed a substantial improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score and maximum urinary flow rate (all P<0.01). Three patients experienced temporary urinary incontinence, 1 patient experienced urinary tract infection, 4 patients were diagnosed with urethral stricture and 2 patients experienced bladder neck contracture. No complications above Clavien grade Ⅱ occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The preliminary results showed that B-TUERP ambulatory surgery is a safe, feasible, economical and effective treatment for appropriately selected patients with BPH.

Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 458-461,467, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989289


Prostate cancer is the most common male malignant tumor in the world, and its death toll is second only to lung cancer. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a major treatment for prostate cancer besides radical surgery. ADT treatment will lead to the inevitable progression of prostate cancer patients to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). The current research results have confirmed that the transformation from androgen deprivation prostate cancer (ADPC) to CRP is related to the reactivation of the androgen receptor signal pathway. In this review, the research progress on the mechanism of the androgen receptor signaling pathway in CRPC was reviewed in order to provide a scientific basis and new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of CRP.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 183-187, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745571


Objective To evaluate changes of the urodynamics of extraperitoneal Studer orthotropic ileal neobladder after radical cystectomy.Methods Between July 2013 and October 2017,Retrospective analysis was performed on 58 bladder cancer patients.58 patients who underwent retrograde extraperitoneal approach of radical cystectomy and Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder.The patients were comprised of 56 male and 2 female patients with average age of 62 years.There were 9 cases of T1,26 cases of T2,20 cases of T3,and 3 cases of T4.All operations were completed by open suprapubic extraperitoneal approach,then entered the abdominal cavity.An ileal segment 50-55 cm long was isolated which was 25 cm proximal to the ileocecum.The 35-40 cm ileal segment was detubularized along its antimesenteric border.The anterior wall was folded forward with U-shaped and the edges were sutured to formed a neobladder.The proximal 15cm was reserved for the double isoperistaltic afferent limb.The lowest part of the neobladder was anastomosed with urethral stump,the peritoneum was closed at the mesentery,and the neobladder was completely placed extraperitoneal.Upper urinary tract function was examined by renal function test,enhanced CT,IVU or cystography.Uroflowmetry,urodynamic evaluation,diurnal and nocturnal continence were performed at 3,6,12,24 months following the surgery.Results After removed of the catheter,all patients were able to urinate through the urethra.The 3,6,12,24 month follow-up data of urodynamic were compared.The maximum neobladder capacity was[(378 ±66) vs.(381 ± 102)vs.(438 ± 75)vs.(472 ±96)] ml,the maximum flow rate [(10.2 ± 2.8) vs.(14.9 ± 4.3) vs.(16.4 ± 3.6) vs.(17.6 ± 2.1)] ml/s,maximum bladder pressure during filling was [(23.0 ± 4.6) vs.(21.7 ± 7.1) vs.(20.6 ± 6.4) vs.(18.8 ±6.3)] cmH2 O,the PVR was[(68.0 ± 33.2) vs.(36.2 ± 10.1) vs.(30.6 ± 11.9) vs.(14.0 t 9.6)] ml.There were significant differences between the 6-month and 12-month.There were no significant differences in the maximum bladder pressure during flowing [(38.6 ± 7.4) vs.(49.2 ± 6.8) vs.(58.4 ± 10.5) vs.(56.8 ± 7.4)] cmH2O.53 cases were followed up 12 months after surgery.Excellent daytime and nighttime continence was 98% (52/53)and 83 % (44/53)in the first year.Mild unilateral hydronephrosis occurred in 2 cases 1 month after surgery.Blood electrolytes and renal function were within the normal range.1 case presented bilateral mild hydronephrosis 12 months after surgery,without bladder and ureter regurgitation.The blood electrolyte and renal function of the other patients were in normal range with no signs of ureteral stricture and upper urinary tract hydronephrosis.Conclusions Extraperitoneal Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder reduced the interference of postoperative intraperitoneal intestinal tract on neobladder function.Postoperative patients have a smooth urination,a safe pressure during the storage period.The urination period,and the function of day and night urinary control is close to normal physiological characteristics.