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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1118-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy, safety, and long-term prognosis of intermediate-dose cytarabine (Ara-c) regimen in the treatment of children with refractory risk organ involvement Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Methods: Clinical data of 17 children with multisystem and risk organ involvement LCH who failed the first-line therapy and were treated with intermediate-dose Ara-c (250 mg/m2, twice daily) regimen in the Hematology Center, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. In addition to the basic treatment of vindesine and dexamethasone, the patients received two regimens: regimen A: the intermediate-dose Ara-c combined with cladribine and regimen B: the intermediate-dose Ara-c alone. The efficacy, safety and prognosis of the two regimens were analyzed. Results: Among all 17 patients, there were 11 males and 6 females, with the diagnosis age of 2.1 (1.6, 2.7) years. Ten children received regimen A, all of them achieved active disease-better (AD-B) after 8 courses of induction therapy. The disease activity scores (DAS) decreased from 5.5 (3.0, 9.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.3). Seven children received regimen B, and 6 of them achieved AD-B after 8 courses of induction therapy. The DAS decreased from 4.0 (2.0, 4.0) to 1.0 (0, 2.0). The follow-up time was 6.2 (4.9,7.2) and 5.2 (3.7,5.8) years in group A and B. The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0% in both groups, and the 5-year event free survival rate was (88.9±10.5)% and (85.7±13.2)% in group A and B. Grade 3 or 4 myelosuppression was observed in 8 patients in group A and 2 patients in group B. Conclusions: The intermediate-dose Ara-c regimen (with or without cladribine) is effective and safe for patients with refractory high-risk LCH, with a good long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Cytarabine/adverse effects , Cladribine/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004753

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the current situation of direct exemption of clinical blood fess for voluntary blood donors and their family members in Henan Province, in order to improve and fully implement the policy. 【Methods】 According to the policy on blood fees exemption issued by China and Henan Province in 2019,the data of hospitals in 18 prefecture-level cities in Henan from 2020 to 2021 were continuously collected from the system of clinical blood fees exemption,including the way of exemption,the number of people (times) of exemption,exemption amount, the proportion of blood fees exemption and the total exemption rate. The experience gained in the past two years after the implementation of the policy was summarized,and the existing problems and causes were analyzed. 【Results】 The rates of direct exemption of blood fees in Henan Province in 2020 and 2021 were 34.53% (8 709/25 221) and 71.68%(23 587/32 906) (P<0.05) ,respectively. In 2021, the direct exemption rate of blood fees in 18 cities was 6.20% (83/1 370) to 88.50% (1 332/1 505) [ (47.35±41.15)%],and increased month by month from 43.19% (1 183/2 507) in January to 83.15% (2 097/2 522) in August, then remained stable at a similar level to August from September to December, with 83.43% (2 744/3 289) in December as the highest for the year. 【Conclusion】 The implementation of the policy of blood fees exemption showed significant effectiveness, which has effectively promoted the development of voluntary blood donation in Henan. However, there is still room for improving the policy in some cities, which is expected to further increase the direct exemption rate of the city and the whole province.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928244

ABSTRACT

Background Ultrasound-guided continuous thoracic paravertebral block can provide pain-relieving and opioid-sparing effects in patients receiving open hepatectomy. We hypothesize that these effects may improve the quality of recovery (QoR) after open hepatectomy. Methods Seventy-six patients undergoing open hepatectomy were randomized to receive a continuous thoracic paravertebral block with ropivacaine (CTPVB group) or normal saline (control group). All patients received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with morphine postoperatively for 48 hours. The primary outcome was the global Chinese 15-item Quality of Recovery score on postoperative day 7, which was statistically analyzed using Student's t-test. Results Thirty-six patients in the CTPVB group and 37 in the control group completed the study. Compared to the control group, the CTPVB group had significantly increased global Chinese 15-item Quality of Recovery scores (133.14 ± 12.97 vs. 122.62 ± 14.89, P = 0.002) on postoperative day 7. Postoperative pain scores and cumulative morphine consumption were significantly lower for up to 8 and 48 hours (P < 0.05; P = 0.002), respectively, in the CTPVB group. Conclusion Perioperative CTPVB markably promotes patient's QoR after open hepatectomy with a profound analgesic effect in the early postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Morphine/therapeutic use , Pain Measurement , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Ultrasonography, Interventional
4.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 311-317, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005020

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis(LCH)and Langerhans cell sarcoma(LCS)are characterized by clone proliferation of Langerhans-type cells, which may occur concurrently or sequentially with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and other Lymphoid neoplasms. A 15-year old female patient diagnosed with T-ALL developed LCH involving multiple systems during maintenance chemotherapy of T-AL. After treated with chemotherapy with improved result, the patient showed progression of the illness and refractory to the second-line treatment. We found c.G35A (p.G12D)mutation in the KRAS gene and used the targeted drug Trametinib for treatment. The treatment proved effective, leading to partial remission within a week. Three months after Trametinib treatment, the patient developed new lymphadenopathy. Biopsy revealed the existence of LCS. The disease progressed quickly, and the patient died 7 days after diagnosis of LCS. The case of patients with T-ALL then developing LCH and LCS sequentially is extraordinarily rare. The causes of the case is unclear and may be related to cell transdifferentiation, clonal evolution, and chemotherapy. Targeted drugs can contain this disease for a short time.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 542-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a multimodal MRI-based radiomics model for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lung lesions, and to compare the discriminative abilities of different models.Methods:Totally 114 patients with 115 lesions (44 benign and 71 malignant) in Nantong First Peoples′s Hospital from January 2014 to October 2019 were included in the study. All patients underwent non-enhanced MR examination, and textural features from T 1WI,T 2WI and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) imaging were extracted. The feature selection methods included L1 based, mutual information, tree based, recursive feature elimination and F-test. Then we constructed a prediction model by using logistic regression (LR), support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF) and k-nearest neighbor (KNN) respectively. In order to control the number of modeling features and reduce the ininterpretability of the model, the new model was obtained by manually modifying some parameters of the hyperparameter model. One hundred and fourteen cases were rotated as training and validation sets. The performance of each model was evaluated by confounding matrix and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The area under the curve (AUC) of T 2WI based LR model for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules/masses was 0.71 and the F1 score was 0.57. Based on T 1WI images, LR and SVM model could be used to identify benign and malignant pulmonary nodules, the AUC before parameter adjustment were 0.77 and 0.78, the accuracy after parameter adjustment (LR a,SVM a) was 0.67, 0.70, and both the AUC were 0.72. However, no matter which feature or classifier was selected, both the AUC and accuracy of ADC-based model were less than 0.70. Conclusion:Multimodal MRI-based radiomics model is valuable for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules/masses, and T 1WI-based model shows the best discrimination.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To address a new classification method in term of the three-dimensional space of orbit and to present the different surgical approaches correspondingly.Methods:In a retrospect study from April of 2015 to June of 2018, 102 patients were performed lower eyelid blepharoplasty, including 20 males and 82 females, aged 21-65 years, with an average of 45.2 years. These patients were divided into five groups, which were described in term of three-dimensional structure of orbit, based on the following points: the presence and extent of herniated orbital fat, the presence of inferior orbitopalpebral sulcus, amount of excess skin, and the skin wrinkles in the lower eyelid. And then patients in different group were treated with different kinds of blepharoplasty. All patients in this study ranged in follow-up from 1 month to 12 months. With patients' permit, photographs and clinical information were taken to evaluate the preoperative and postoperative outcome.Results:In type 1, all the 32 cases healed well, no complications such as hematoma, infection and ectropion occurred. During the follow-up of more than 1 months, the overall effect was good, and the pouch-shaped appearance of lower eyelid pouch was significantly improved. In types 2, 8 cases had no complications, and the incision healed well; the patients were followed up for more than 3 months, the lower eyelid bag and lower eyelid skin relaxation were significantly improved, and the lower eyelid skin was tighter than before. In types 3, there were no complications in these 19 cases, and the incision was healed well. The patients were followed up for more than 3 months, the deformity of lower eyelid bag was improved obviously, and no obvious local bulge was found under static and dynamic expression. In type 4, there were no complications in all 34 cases, and the incision healed well; during the follow-up of more than 3 months, the lower eyelid pouch deformity and lower eyelid skin relaxation were greatly improved, except for 1 case with mild bulge (untreated). In type 5, 9 cases had no complications, and the incision healed well; during the follow-up of more than 3 months, the fold of the lower eyelid skin disappeared.Conclusions:Little information is available about classification of lower eyelid bags. And the exact surgical approach remains controversial and largely dependent upon surgeon preference and a patient's stated cosmetic desire. In this study, an objective classification based on clinical appearance combined with forming reasons of lower eye bags is little available, and the appropriate surgical approach remains controversial as well.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874352

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We sought to investigate the effectiveness and safety of dabrafenib in children with BRAFV600E-mutated Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). @*Materials and Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 20 children with BRAFV600E-mutated LCH who were treated with dabrafenib. @*Results@#The median age at which the patients started taking dabrafenib was 2.3 years old (range, 0.6 to 6.5 years). The ratio of boys to girls was 2.3:1. The median follow-up time was 30.8 months (range, 18.9 to 43.6 months). There were 14 patients (70%) in the risk organ (RO)+ group and six patients (30%) in the RO– group. All patients were initially treated with traditional chemotherapy and then shifted to targeted therapy due to poor control of LCH or intolerance to chemotherapy. The overall objective response rate and the overall disease control rate were 65% and 75%, respectively. During treatment, circulating levels of cell-free BRAFV600E (cfBRAFV600E) became negative in 60% of the patients within a median period of 3.0 months (range, 1.0 to 9.0 months). Grade 2 or 3 adverse effects occurred in five patients. @*Conclusion@#Some children with BRAFV600E-mutated LCH may benefit from monotherapy with dabrafenib, especially high-risk patients with concomitant hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and intolerance to chemotherapy. The safety of dabrafenib is notable. A prospective study with a larger sample size is required to determine the optimal dosage and treatment duration.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical characteristics and prognosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with skin-limited lesion.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical characteristics and prognosis of 16 skin-limited LCH patients, out of 578 LCH patients who were hospitalized in Beijing Children′s Hospital during December 2013 to June 2018.Results:A total of 16 skin-limited LCH cases, accounted for 2.7% of all 578 cases, were included.Among which, sex ratio (male vs.female) was 1.28∶1.00.Median ages of skin eruption occurrence and of diagnosis of the disease were 3.5 months (3 days to 2 years and 5 months) and 6 months (2 months 14 days to 2 years and 8 months) in this group.Among the 16 cases, seborrheic dermatitis-like lesions(11 cases, 68.7%) was the most common, and the trunk was most frequently involved[75.0% (12 cases)]. Serine/threonine protein kinase gene V600E [ BRAF (p.V600E)] mutation was detected in pathological specimens from 10 skin-limi-ted cases, with 9 cases being positive.Plasma samples from 5 positive cases were further detected for BRAF (p.V600E) mutation, and 4 positive results were gained.Of all 16 patients, 11 cases (68.7%) were treated.Remission were achieved in 3-6 months from treatment start in patients treated whether according to the Histiocyte Society′s LCH-2009 protocol for 25 weeks(6 cases, 37.5%), or with topical mometasonefuroate for 3 months (3 cases, 18.8%). Two patients(12.5%) with solitary cutaneous lesions underwent excision biopsy (one face and one prepuce) and were considered to be in remission immediately after surgery.None of these patients suffered from the recurrence of the disease.The remaining 5 patients (31.3%) with skin-limited LCH were just evaluated regularly, and achieved remission in 3-6 months of commencing observation.Among these untreated patients, 1 with consistently positive BRAF (p.V600E) mutation in plasma had bone involvement in the 24 th month of assessment, and was then treated based on the Histiocyte Society′s LCH-2009 Protocol.No clinical or imageological evidence supporting disease progression was found on this patient.Median follow-up period was 32.8 months (2.9-63.9 months). Except one patient, none of the rest cases had active disease till follow-up ended.Two-year event free survival(EFS) of this research was (92.3± 7.4)%.There was no significant difference between EFS of treated group and that of observation group( χ2=1.250, P=0.264). Conclusions:Skin-limited LCH often occurs in infants and newborns, with strong heterogeneity in clinical manifestations, laboratory indicators, and pathogenesis.Seborrheic dermatitis-like lesions were the most common cutaneous type.The prognosis of the patients is excellent despite progressing into multisystem involvement can be seen in a few patients.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879291

ABSTRACT

Objectives Transmuscular quadratus lumborum block (TQLB) may provide postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing intraperitoneal surgeries. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential efficacy of TQLB among patients undergoing retroperitoneal procedures, such as the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). Methods This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted from August 2017 to November 2018 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing, China). Patients who were scheduled for a LPN, aged 18-70 years old with an ASA physical status score of I - II were randomly assigned to receive either TQLB with 0.6 ml/kg of 0.5% ropivacaine plus general anesthesia (TQLB group) or general anesthesia alone (control group). Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with morphine was initiated immediately upon surgery completion. The primary outcome was the cumulative consumption of morphine within 8 h after surgery. The secondary outcome included postoperative consumptions of morphine at other time points, pain score at rest and during activity, postoperative nausea and vomitting (PONV), and recovery related parameters. Results Totally 30 patients per group were recruited in the study. The 8 h consumption of morphine was lower in the TQLB group than in the control group (median, 0.023 mg/kg

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA level in plasma and whole blood in treatment of children with EBV-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH).Methods:Clinical data of 66 children with EBV-HLH, who were admitted to the Hematology and Oncology Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.The data included the dynamic changes of the EBV-DNA level in plasma (P-EBV-DNA) and whole blood (W-EBV-DNA) at the time of admission, 2 and 4 weeks after treatment.P-EBV-DNA was divided into the positive group and the negative group according to the copy number of EBV-DNA, and W-EBV-DNA was divided into the high and the low level group by the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC); the incidence of poor prognosis was compared between different groups by Chi- Square test; the event-free survival (EFS)was evaluated by the Log- Rank test to identify its prognostic significance. Results:The analysis showed that both P-EBV-DNA and W-EBV-DNA at admission could not be associated with a poor outcome; P-EBV-DNA (≥500 copies/mL) or W-EBV-DNA [>(5.04-5.09)×10 5 copies/mL]after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment could be a good marker of a poor outcome and progression-free survival ( P<0.001). Besides, central nervous system (CNS) involvement ( P=0.025), sever leukopenia(WBC≤3×10 9/L, P=0.031), neutropenia (ANC ≤0.5×10 9/L, P=0.041), albumin reduction (≤26 g/L, P=0.012) and hemoglobin decrease (≤90 g/L, P=0.023) at diagnosis are also associa-ted with worse outcomes.In multivariate analysis, only P-EBV-DNA at 4 th week and CNS involvement were indepen-dent prognostic factors ( HR=7.139, P=0.032 and HR=6.455, P=0.042, respectively). The prognostic value of W-EBV-DNA at different time points and P-EBV-DNA after 2 weeks of treatment had a lower prognostic value. Conclusions:The P-EBV-DNA level after 4 weeks of treatment is a promising risk indicator for early diagnosis of disease and early recognition of poor prognosis in EBV-HLH children, so it provides the guidance for optimal treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply 13N-ammonia PET/CT cerebral blood perfusion imaging combined with methazolamide challenge for cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) evaluation in ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. Methods:From January, 2014 to December, 2016, 56 ischemic stroke patients with serious stenosis of unilateral internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery accepted basal and stress PET/CT with methazolamide challenge. The patients were divided into normal-CVR group (n = 29) and reduced-CVR group (n = 27) according to the results of CVR, and followed up for 24 months. The ischemic cerebrovascular events and cerebral blood flow were observed. Results:The incidence of transient ischemic attack was more in the reduced-CVR group than in the normal-CVR group (χ2 = 4.389, P < 0.05), while the incidence of ischemic stroke increased a little with no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). The CBF was improved in normal-CVR group after treatment (t = 2.409, P < 0.05), and the improvement was not significant in reduced-CVR group (t = 0.648, P > 0.05). Conclusion:13N-ammonia PET/CT cerebral blood flow perfusion imaging combined with methazolamide challenge can be used to evaluate CVR to predict the outcome for patients with cerebral ischemic disease, which is helpful for early intervention.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 935-938, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870899

ABSTRACT

Recently, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) appear to be a multi-organ disorder, however, the involvement of myocardium in NMOSD is extremely rare. In the present article, we present a young girl who manifested bilateral optic neuritis, area postrema syndrome, brainstem syndrome and transverse myelitis, as well as tachycardia, abnormal electrocardiograph, moderate elevation of myocardial biomarker and regional wall movement abnormalities, which confirmed the diagnosis of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy associated with NMOSD. The neurological deficits along with myocardial injury were recovered soon after the administration of intravenous methylprednisolone and intravenous immunogloblin. This is a rare case that should be paid attention and by which can not only broaden the symptom spectrum of NMOSD, but can also provide novel visions for further investigating the mechanism of organs damage.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805417

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Autologous lymph nodes fragmentary transplantation combined with vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) on athymic nude mice to explore the association between regeneration of lymphatic vessel and tumor cell migration.@*Methods@#A total of 45 nude mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: Group A, simple autologous lymph nodes fragmentary transplantation, n=15; Group B, autologous lymph nodes fragmentary transplantation together with VEGF-C, n=15; Group C, without any intervention, n=15. At 1 month, 2 months and 6months after surgeries, the axillary lymph nodes of 5 mice in each group were dynamically examined by in vivo indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging respectively. The regenerated lymph nodes and relevant skin were evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining and the skin was quantitatively analyzed via immunofluorescence staining for lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1(LYVE-1) as well.@*Results@#One month after surgery, the right regenerated axillary lymph nodes in group B (5/5) were visible by in vivo ICG fluorescence imaging, whereas the same signals were not detected in group A (0/5). The results were the same at 2 and 6 months after surgery. HE staining showed that the cortical, paracortical, and medullary regions of the right axillary lymph nodes of the experimental group B were clear, and the lymphatic vessel structure was present, accompanied by lymphocyte infiltration. Immunofluorescence staining of the right upper limb showed that the expression of LYVE-1 in the lymphatic endothelium of the B group was significantly higher than that in group A (P<0.001) and the control group (both P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Due to the promising consequence of regenerated lymph nodes, the procedure of autologous lymph nodes fragmentary transplantation combined with VEGF-C in athymic nude mice provides a reliable animal model for the next stage research.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 503-506, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755479

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy and clinical significance of the vesical imagingreporting and data system (Ⅵ-RADS) in predicting muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC).Methods The data of 59 bladder cancer patients who underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and surgery between 2014 March and 2019 May were retrospectively analyzed,which includes 51 males and 8 females,aged 36-82 years old,with a median age of 62 years old.According to the scoring methods specified by Ⅵ-RADS,radiologists read and scored all mpMRIs including T2-weighted imaging (T2WI),diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI),and dynamic contrast enhancement MRI(DCE-MRI) of all the included patients.And then the Ⅵ-RADS were compared with pathological diagnosis.Proportions of MIBC in each score category were calculated,and ROC curve was plotted and the area under the curve (AUC) was estimated to assess the sensitivity and specificity of Ⅵ-RADS in diagnosing MIBC.Results The number of patients in Ⅵ-RADS score category 1 to 5 were 12,28,2,15 and 2,respectively.And there were 0,2 (7.4%),1 (50.0%),13 (81.3 %),2 (100.0%) MIBC patients in each score category,respectively.When Ⅵ-RADS ≥3 was used to define MIBC,it came to the largest Youden's Index(0.7913),with an AUC of 0.924.And the sensitivity and specificity were 88.9% and 90.2%,respectively.Conclusions Ⅵ-RADS has high accuracy in predicting MIBC,and it is worthy of application and verification in further clinical practice.The urologists should be highly alert to the existence of MIBC when Ⅵ-RADS ≥3.

15.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 125-128, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss application effect of risk management in medical device management of hospital and its impact on management quality.Methods:9800 medical devices of hospital were selected and divided into routine management group (the corresponding medical devices came from the term of 2014 year to 2015 year, n=4900) and risk management group (the corresponding medical devices came from the term of 2014 year to 2015 year, n=4900) according to different management method.The arrangement and placement of device, the specification and quantity of device, the placement of accessories and the intact situation of widgets of the two groups were recorded and calculated as statistics method.A self-designed questionnaire was adopted to assess these situations included classification error, incompetence, loss of device, undersupply, instrument damage, the timeliness degree of supply, the timeliness degree of withdrawing and quality of packaging in the management process for medical devices.And the management effects of two groups and the corresponding influences of them for curative effect were further compared.Results:The arrangement and placement of medical device, the different specification and quantity of device, the placement of accessories, intact rate of widgets of risk management group were significantly higher than those of■timeliness degree of supply, the timeliness degree of withdrawing and quality of packaging of risk management group post management were significantly higher than those of routine group (t=20.394, t=21.847, t=16.481, P<0.05) .Conclusion:The effect of risk management that is used in medical equipment management of hospital is significant, and it contribute to improve the management quality for medical apparatus and instruments and reduce the error rate of instruments, and it can ensure the safety usage of them in hospital.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781666

ABSTRACT

To explore the values of minimal apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC),difference between ratios of apparent diffusion coefficients(ADC),and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(DCE-MRI)in the treatment of breast ductal carcinoma in situ with microinvasion(DCIS-Mi). Totally 27 patients with DCIS-Mi and 31 patients with breast ductal carcinoma in situ(DCIS)were collected in our hospital from October,2016 to June,2018.Philips Ingenia 3.0T superconducting magnetic resonance scanner and dedicated phase-controlled array surface coil were used for breast examinations.ADC and maximum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)were selected from multiple regions of interest(ROI)in the apparent diffusion coefficients(ADC)figure,and ADC was calculated.In addition,DCE-MRI characteristics were analyzed. The ADC of DCIS-Mi was significantly lower than that of DCIS[(1.15±0.03)×10 mm /s .(1.34±0.04)×10 mm /s,=-7.192,=0.002],the ADC was significantly higher than that of DCIS[(0.32±0.03)×10 mm /s .(0.18±0.08)×10 mm /s,=-10.228,<0.001],and the early enhancement rate of DCIS-Mi was higher than that of DCIS[159.71(157.82,162.49)% .147.29(143.59,160.22)%,=-3.578,=0.007].The background parenchymal enhancement of DCIS-Mi was moderate,severe,and non-lump-like,mainly segmental,and the internal enhancement was heterogeneous or clustered circular.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that non-internal characteristics of the mass,the edge of the mass,internal enhancement characteristics of the mass,time-intensity curve,early enhancement rate,ADC and ADC were the optimal variables for the diagnosis of DCIS-Mi,and the optimal variables were shown by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis:the area under curve,sensitivity and specificity of ADC,ADC,non-tumor internal enhancement,and tumor internal enhancement were higher,with the critical values being 1.12×10 mm /s,0.31×10 mm /s,1.50,and 1.50,respectively. DCE-MRI combined with ADC value(especially ADC,ADC,non-mass internal enhancement,and mass internal enhancement)is helpful in differentiating breast DCIS-Mi and DCIS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Diagnostic Imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1768-1773, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789941

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the differential diagnosis of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)and breast ductal carcinoma in situ with microinvasion (DCIS-Mi)by ADCMin ,ADCDR and DCE-MRI,and to analyze the correlation between DCIS-Mi and biological factors. Methods Preoperative breast MRI examinations were performed in 41 patients with DCIS-Mi and 3 7 patients with DCIS.DCIS-Mi and DCIS patients were compared in terms of ADCMin ,ADCMax ,ADCDR ,early enhancement rate (EER)and the morphological characteristics of DCE-MRI.The optimal diagnostic variables were determined by binary Logistic regression,the threshold value of the optimal diagnostic variables was ensured by ROC,and the correlation between DCIS-Mi and biological factors was analyzed by Spearman.Results ADCMin of DCIS-Mi patients was lower than that of DCIS (t=6.294,P=0.033),and ADCDR was higher than that of DCIS (t=9.246,P=0.020).70.7 3% DCIS-Mi showed non-tumor-like enhancement,inclined to segmental distribution,and internal heterogeneous or cluster ring enhancement;29.27% manifested tumor-like enhancement,internal heterogeneous or ring enhancement,and unclear margin.64.86% DCIS showed non-tumor-like enhancement,inclined to linear distribution,internal homogeneous/heterogeneous enhancement;35.14% expressed tumor-like enhancement,internal homogeneous enhancement,and clear margin.The accuracy,sensitivity and specificity of ADCMin , ADCDR ,tumor or non-tumor internal enhancement features in the diagnosis of DCIS-Mi were higher (84.0%,9 5.3%,9 2.4%;89.3%, 9 5.3%,9 2.4%;85.1%,9 2.5%,9 3.8%;87.4%,9 6.8%,84.7%, respectively).ADCMin and ADCDR threshold value were 1.1 1× 10-3 mm2/s and 0.35×10-3 mm2/s,respectively.ADCMin of patients with DCIS-Mi was positive correlation with ER(-)and PR(-), and negative correlation with HER-2(+)(P<0.05).ADCDR ,non-tumor distribution,and non-tumor internal enhancement characteristics,the tumor edge and internal enhancement characteristics were negative correlation with ER(-)and PR(-),and positive correlation with HER-2 (+)(P<0.05).Conclusion ADCMin ,ADCDR and DCE-MRI can be used for the differential diagnosis of DCIS-Mi and DCIS, and provided evidence for clinical treatment plan.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical, electrophysiological and imaging features of a patient with Krabbe disease caused by GALC mutation.@*METHODS@#A comprehensive analysis including clinical investigation and genetic testing was carried out.@*RESULTS@#The patient presented with peripheral neuropathy with electrophysiological anomaly suggestive of asymmetric demyelinating neuropathy. Brain imaging revealed leukoencephalopathy. Genetic analysis has identified compound heterozygous mutations in exons 5 and 11 of the GALC gene, namely c.461C>A and c.1244G>A.@*CONCLUSION@#Krabbe disease is a group of disorders featuring substantial phenotypic heterogeneity. Genetic and enzyme testing has become indispensable for accurate diagnosis for this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Mutational Analysis , Galactosylceramidase , Genetics , Genetic Testing , Leukodystrophy, Globoid Cell , Genetics , Mutation , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 764-767, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807477

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) accessed by SVOF-principle and two-step puncture techniques.@*Methods@#A total of 838 cases with upper urinary stones underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy successfully accessed by ultrasound-guided between June 2007 and December 2015 at Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Of all cases were divided in two groups: hydronephrosis calyces puncture group include 425 cases and SVOF-principle puncture group include 413 cases. The access establishment time, operation time, stone free rate (SFR), postoperative complications, and postoperative hospitalization time between the two groups we compared by t test or χ2 test.@*Results@#Statistically significant differences were observed between hydronephrosis calyces puncture group and SVOF-principle puncturegroup in the first access establishment time ((16.5±8.4) minutes vs. (11.2±5.9) minutes, t=3.931, P=0.013), one-stage SFR (74.3% vs. 85.7%, χ2=16.868, P=0.000), postoperative hospitalization time ((6.4±2.1) days vs. (4.8±1.8)days, t=4.574, P=0.000), transfusion rate (7.1% vs. 2.9%, χ2=8.027, P=0.006), and embolization rate (3.3% vs. 1.0%, χ2=5.390, P=0.020). There were no statistically significant differences in operation time, total SFR, postoperative fever and sever infection between these two groups (all P>0.05). In both two groups, no serious complications such as peripheral organ injury and death occurred.@*Conclusions@#PCNL accessed guided by ultrasound with SVOF-principle and two-step puncture techniques has advantages of quick puncture location, high stone free rate, fewer complications and fast recovery. This technique is an effective and safe treatment option for upper urinary stones and deserved promotion and application in clinic.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706278

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively evaluate the short-term test-retest reproducibility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters for lung cancer,and to investigate its impact factors.Methods Thirty-eight lung cancer patients underwent twice free breathing IVIM scanning (0.5-1.0 h interval).Two radiologists independently analyzed IVIM images to obtain true diffusion coefficient (D),pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*) and perfusion fraction (f).All the parameters were compared between repeated measurements and scans.Intra-and inter-observer,test-retest reproducibility was assessed with interclass correlation coefficients (ICCs).The impact of lung cancer type (peripheral and central),size (the largest diameter ≥2 cm and <2 cm) and location (upper,mid,and lower lung field) on short-term reproducibility were compared by using coefficient of variations (WCVs).Results There was no significant difference between repeated measurements for all parameters (all P> 0.05).All the parameters showed good intra-and inter-observer agreement.WCVsof D* and f (19.88%-36.83%) were higher than those of D (2.97%-4.62%).WCVs of D were higher for central lung cancer and the largest diameter <2 cm,and increasing from apical to lower zone.WCV of f was larger in the central lung cancer and the largest diameter ≥2 cm,while D* was greatly influenced by type,size and location of lung cancer.Conclusion The test retest reproducibility of D is good,while of D* and f are poor in lung cancer.The type,size and location of lung cancers are the impact factors of IVIM parameters.

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