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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 161-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics and prevalence of HIV infection among AIDS volunteer counseling and testing ( VCT ) clients in Shangcheng District, Hangzhou City from 2016 to 2019, so as to provide insights into local AIDS control.@*Methods@#The demographic features, reasons for counseling and detection of anti-HIV antibody were captured from the VCT clinic of Shangcheng Center for Disease Control and Prevention from 2016 to 2019, and the reasons for counseling and prevalence of HIV infections were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 2 205 clients were included, among whom 1 920 participants ( 87.07% ) were male, 1 094 ( 49.61% ) were at ages of < 30 years, 1 293 ( 58.64% ) were single, and 1 165 ( 52.83% ) had an education level of diploma and above. The common reasons for counseling included a history of homosexual behaviors with men (887 clients, 40.23%), non-commercial irregular heterosexual behaviors ( 661 clients, 29.98% ), commercial heterosexual behaviors ( 308 clients, 13.97% ), HIV-positive spouse/regular sex partners ( 123 clients, 5.58% ), and no high-risk behaviors ( 47 clients, 2.13% ). The positive rate of anti-HIV antibody was 2.95% among the 2 205 clients, and a high positive rate was observed among clients at ages of 50 years and below ( 6.15% ), single clients ( 3.71% ), clients with an education level of primary school and below ( 6.04% ) and clients with HIV-positive spouse/regular sex partners ( 11.38% ).@*Conclusions@#Single men at ages of less than 30 years and with a high education level are predominant among VCT clients in Shangcheng District, and a history of homosexual behaviors with men is the predominant reason for counseling. There is a relative low prevalence rate of HIV infection among VCT clients in Shangcheng District; however, a high prevalence rate is found among single visitors at ages of 50 years and older, with an education level of primary school and below and HIV-positive spouse/regular sex partners.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2805-2810, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941506

ABSTRACT

An HPLC method was established for the assay of epinephrine sulfonate (impurity F) in epinephrine injection. The determination was performed on an AQUASIL C18 (100 mm × 4.6 mm, 3 μm) column with a gradient elution system, and the mobile phase was consisted of monopotassium phosphate solution (mobile phase A) and acetonitrile (mobile phase B). The injection volume was 40 μL. The detection wavelength was at 210 nm and the column temperature was 25 ℃. The total analytical time was 40 min. The results showed that the standard cure of epinephrine sulfonate (impurity F) between peak area and concentration exhibited good linear relationship within the ranges of 0.520-12.480 μg·mL-1 and the R2 = 0.999 8. The average recovery rate was 103.04% and the RSD was 2.00%. The limit concentration of detection was 0.104 μg·mL-1 and the limit concentration of quantitation was 0.520 μg·mL-1. The method could be applied to the determination of epinephrine sulfonate in epinephrine injection with high accuracy and precision, as well as good sensitivity. It could also enhance the quality standards of epinephrine-related products.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2682-2695, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941495

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive disease with many complications (eg, cardiovascular disease and acidosis and anemia) and high morbidity and mortality occurs in the population. There is no cure for this disease, current treatments including renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway inhibitors and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors can only delay the progression to end-stage renal disease. With the identification of more key factors and mechanisms in CKD development, new potential therapeutic approaches for CKD can be developed. This review summarizes the mainstays of therapy and strategies for CKD and related comorbidities to support the development of novel treatments.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 672-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941491

ABSTRACT

Heart transplantation is the main treatment of end-stage heart failure. With the advancement of heart transplantation and rational use of postoperative immunosuppressants, the survival rate of recipients has been gradually enhanced. However, a variety of central nervous system complications may still occur following heart transplantation, including immunosuppressant-associated neurotoxicity, epilepsy, stroke, encephalopathy, central nervous system infection and de novo malignant tumors in the central nervous system. These complications will severely affect the quality of life of heart transplant recipients. Consequently, prompt imaging diagnosis plays a significant role in the prevention and treatment of central nervous system complications. In this article, main imaging manifestations of central nervous system complications after heart transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for prompt diagnosis and differential diagnosis of complications, guide clinical treatment and management, and improve the long-term prognosis of the recipients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 531-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare the distribution of the high-risk population of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer and the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening in urban China and rural China. Methods: From 2015 to 2017, an epidemiological survey was conducted on residents aged 40-69 in two rural areas (Luoshan county of Henan province, Sheyang county of Jiangsu province) and two urban areas (Changsha city of Hunan province, Harbin city of Heilongjiang province). As a result, high-risk individuals were recommended for endoscopic screening. Chi-square χ(2) test was used to compare the high-risk rate of UGI cancer between urban and rural residents. In addition, the multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening. Results: A total of 48, 310 residents aged 40-69 were enrolled in this study, including 22 870 (47.34%) residents from rural areas and 25 440 (52.66%) residents from urban areas. A total of 23 532 individuals were assessed with a high risk of UGI cancer, with an overall risk rate of 48.71%. A higher proportion of participants with high risk was observed in rural China (56.17%, 12 845/22 870) than in urban China (42.01%, 10 687/25 440). A total of 10 971 high-risk individuals with UGI cancer participated in endoscopic screening, with an overall compliance rate of 46.62% (10 971/23 532), 45.15% (5 799/12 845) in rural China, and 48.40% (5 172/10 687) in urban China. In rural population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those of females, aged 50-69 years, primary school education or above, high income, a family history of UGI cancer, history of gastric and duodenal ulcer, history of reflux esophagitis, and history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Among the urban population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those aged 40-49 years, uneducated, low income, family history of UGI cancer, history of reflux esophagitis, history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proportion of participants with high risk of UGI cancer in rural areas is higher than that of urban areas. The compliance rates of endoscopic screening in urban and rural areas are low, and influencing factors of endoscopic screening exhibit some differences in rural China and urban China.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophagitis, Peptic , Female , Gastritis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Humans , Rural Population , Urban Population
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940480

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Liu Junzitang in preventing and treating muscle atrophy in mice with lung cancer cachexia based on the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3)/ubiquitin proteasome pathway in vivo. MethodForty C57BL/6 mice aged six weeks were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a Liu Junzitang group, an inhibitor group (stattic group),and a Liu Junzitang + inhibitor group (combination group), with eight mice in each group. The cachectic muscle atrophy model was induced by subcutaneous inoculation of Lewis lung cancer cell line under the right anterior armpit in mice except those in the blank group. On the 8th day after subcutaneous inoculation, the mice in the corresponding groups received Liu Junzitang (9.56 g·kg-1·d-1) by gavage and intraperitoneal injection of stattic [25 mg·kg-1·(2 d)-1]. After three weeks of drug intervention, the body weight and gastrocnemius muscle weight were recorded. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes and cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers in mice. Western blot was used to detect the expression of phosphorylated-STAT3 (p-STAT3), STAT3, muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx), and muscle RING finger protein 1 (MuRF1) in the gastrocnemius muscle. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of STAT3, MAFbx, and MuRF1 in the gastrocnemius muscle. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed lightened body and the gastrocnemius muscle, reduced cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers, and increased protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MAFbx, and MuRF1 and mRNA expression of STAT3, MuRF1, and MAFbx in the gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the Liu Junzitang group showed increased body weight, gastrocnemius muscle weight, and cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers (P<0.05), and decreased protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MuRF1, MAFbx, and mRNA expression of STAT3 and MAFbx in gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the inhibitor group showed increased body weight and cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers (P<0.05), and reduced protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MuRF1, MAFbx, and mRNA expression of STAT3 and MAFbx in gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the combination group showed increased body weight and gastrocnemius muscle weight (P<0.05),and decreased protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MuRF1, and mRNA expression of STAT3 and MAFbx in the gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the Liu Junzitang group, the stattic group and the combination group showed reduced expression of p-STAT3 protein in the gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). ConclusionLiu Junzitang can prevent and treat muscle atrophy in mice with lung cancer cachexia, and its mechanism may be associated with the protein and mRNA expression related to the STAT3-mediated ubiquitin proteasome pathway.

7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 490-512, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939864

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is an RNA binding protein with important roles in early embryo development, stem cell differentiation/reprogramming, tumorigenesis and metabolism. Previous studies have focused mainly on its role in the cytosol where it interacts with Let-7 microRNA precursors or mRNAs, and few have addressed LIN28's role within the nucleus. Here, we show that LIN28 displays dynamic temporal and spatial expression during murine embryo development. Maternal LIN28 expression drops upon exit from the 2-cell stage, and zygotic LIN28 protein is induced at the forming nucleolus during 4-cell to blastocyst stage development, to become dominantly expressed in the cytosol after implantation. In cultured pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), loss of LIN28 led to nucleolar stress and activation of a 2-cell/4-cell-like transcriptional program characterized by the expression of endogenous retrovirus genes. Mechanistically, LIN28 binds to small nucleolar RNAs and rRNA to maintain nucleolar integrity, and its loss leads to nucleolar phase separation defects, ribosomal stress and activation of P53 which in turn binds to and activates 2C transcription factor Dux. LIN28 also resides in a complex containing the nucleolar factor Nucleolin (NCL) and the transcriptional repressor TRIM28, and LIN28 loss leads to reduced occupancy of the NCL/TRIM28 complex on the Dux and rDNA loci, and thus de-repressed Dux and reduced rRNA expression. Lin28 knockout cells with nucleolar stress are more likely to assume a slowly cycling, translationally inert and anabolically inactive state, which is a part of previously unappreciated 2C-like transcriptional program. These findings elucidate novel roles for nucleolar LIN28 in PSCs, and a new mechanism linking 2C program and nucleolar functions in PSCs and early embryo development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Mice , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Zygote/metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between serum miR-34a level and thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#A total of 69 eligible DLBCL patients who received chemotherapy in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2020 were prospectively included as the research subjects, all patients received R-CHOP 21 regimen (rituximab + cyclophosphamide + adriamycin + vincristine + prednisone) for chemotherapy, 3 weeks was 1 cycle, and 2 cycles of chemotherapy were used. The patients were divided into a reduction group and a non reduction group according to whether there was thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy, the general data and laboratory indexes of the two groups were investigated and compared, the relationship between serum miR-34a before chemotherapy and thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 69 DLBCL patients, 36 patients developed thrombocytopenia after 2 cycles of R-CHOP 21 regimen for chemotherapy, the incidence was 52.17%; the level of serum IL-11 and the relative expression of miR-34a mRNA in the reduction group were significantly lower than the non reduction group (P<0.05), compared other data between groups, there was no statistical significant difference (P>0.05); after Logistic regression analysis, the results showed that the level of serum IL-11 and the relative expression of miR-34a mRNA were related to thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients, low expression of each index may be a risk factor of thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients (OR>1, P<0.05); ROC curve was drawn, and the results showed that the AUC of serum IL-11 level and miR-34a mRNA relative expression before chemotherapy alone and in combination predicted the risk of thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients were all >0.80, and the predictive value was ideal, when the cut-off value of serum IL-11 level before chemotherapy was 42.094 pg/ml, and the cut-off value of miR-34a mRNA relative expression was 3.894, the combined prediction value was the best.@*CONCLUSION@#The relative expression of miR-34a mRNA is associated with thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients, which may be a risk factor for thrombocytopenia in patients after chemotherapy, has certain value in predicting the risk of thrombocytopenia of patients after chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Humans , Interleukin-11/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Thrombocytopenia , Vincristine
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936046

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy in patients with initially unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) in order to provide evidence-based medical evidence for formulating individualized treatment strategies for patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was used in this study. Clinical data of 232 patients with initially unresectable CRLM receiving first-line systemic treatment in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2013 to January 2020 were collected, including 98 patients of successful conversion and 134 patients of failed conversion as control. Conversion therapy scheme: 38 patients received FOLFOXIRI regimen chemotherapy (irinotecan, oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 152 patients received FOLFOX regimen (oxaliplatin, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 19 patients received FOLRIRI regimen (irinotecan, calcium folinate and fluorouracil), 23 patients received systemic chemotherapy combined with fluorouridine hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy; 168 patients received targeted therapy, including 68 of bevacizumab and 100 of cetuximab. Logistics analysis was used to compare the factors affecting the success of conversion therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate progression-free survival (PFS), and the Log-rank test was used for survival comparison. Results: Among 232 patients, 98 patients had successful conversions and 134 patients had failed conversions with a successful conversion rate of 42.2%, meanwhile 30 patients underwent simple hepatectomy and 68 underwent hepatectomy combined with intraoperative radiofrequency ablation. After first-line chemotherapy, 111 patients (47.8%) were partial remission, 57 patients (24.6%) were stable disease, and 64 patients (27.6%) were progression disease. During the median follow-up of 18.8 (1.0-87.9) months, 148 patients were dead or with tumor progression. The median PFS time of patients with successful conversion was longer than that of patients with failed conversion (31.0 months vs. 9.9 months, P<0.001). Univariate analysis found that the bilobar distribution of liver tumors (P=0.003), elevated baseline carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (P=0.024), tumor invasion of the portal vein (P=0.001), number of metastatic tumor>8 (P<0.001), non-FOLFOXIRI (P=0.005), and no targeted therapy (P=0.038) were high risk factors for the failed conversion therapy. The results of multivariate logistics analysis indicated that the number of metastatic tumor >8 (OR=2.422, 95%CI: 1.291-4.544, P=0.006), portal vein invasion (OR=2.727, 95%CI: 1.237-4.170, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors for failed conversion therapy, while FOLFOXIRI regimen (OR=0.300, 95%CI: 0.135-0.666, P=0.003) and targeted drugs (OR=0.411, 95%CI: 0.209-0.809, P=0.010) were independent protective factors for successful conversion therapy. Conclusions: The number of metastatic tumor and portal vein invasion are key factors that affect the outcomes of conversion therapy for initially unresectable CRLM. If a patient can tolerate chemotherapy, a combination program of three-drug and targeted therapy is preferred for the active conversion therapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Humans , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 51-55, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935639

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical manifestations and genetic characteristics of patients with epilepsy and episodic ataxia caused by SCN2A gene variation. Methods: The clinical data of seizure manifestation, imaging examination and genetic results of 5 patients with epilepsy and (or) episodic ataxia because of SCN2A gene variation admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2017 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 5 patients, 4 were female and 1 was male. The onset age of epilepsy ranged from 4 days to 8 months. There were 2 cases of benign neonatal or infantile epilepsy and 3 cases of epileptic encephalopathy, in whom 1 case had development retardation,1 case transformed from West syndrome to infantile spasm and another one transformed from infantile spasm to Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. One case of benign neonatal-infantile epilepsy was characterized by neonatal onset seizures and episodic ataxia developed at the age of 78 months. Electroencephalograms at first visit of 5 cases showed that 2 cases were normal, 1 case had focal epileptic discharge, and 2 cases had multi-focal abnormal discharge with peak arrhythmia. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 3 cases were nomal, 1 case was abnormal (brain atrophy with decreased white matter) and the results of 1 case was unknown. The follow-up time ranged from 17 months to 89 months. Four cases of epilepsy were controlled and 1 case died at 2 years of age. Two cases had normal intelligence and motor development, 2 had moderate to severe intelligence retardation and motor critical state, and 1 had moderate to severe intelligence and motor development retardation. SCN2A gene variations were identified in all cases. There were 4 missense variations and 1 frameshift variation. Three variations had not been reported so far, including c.4906A>G,c.3643G>T,c.638delT. Conclusions: Variations in SCN2A gene can cause benign neonatal or infantile epilepsy and epileptic encephalopathy. Some children develop episodic ataxia with growing age. The variation of SCN2A gene is mainly missense variation.


Subject(s)
Ataxia/genetics , Child , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/genetics , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation , /genetics , Retrospective Studies , Spasms, Infantile/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 305-309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935387

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and the transmission chain of a family clustering of COVID-19 cases caused by severe acute respiratory 2019-nCoV Delta variant in Changping district of Beijing. Methods: Epidemiological investigation was conducted and big data were used to reveal the exposure history of the cases. Close contacts were screened according to the investigation results, and human and environmental samples were collected for nucleic acid tests. Positive samples were analyzed by gene sequencing. Results: On November 1, 2021, a total of 5 COVID-19 cases caused by 2019-nCoV Delta variant were reported in a family detected through active screening. The infection source was a person in the same designated isolation hotel where the first case of the family cluster was isolated from 22 to 27, October. The first case was possibly infected through aerosol particles in the ventilation duct system of the isolation hotel. After the isolation discharge on October 27, and the first case caused secondary infections of four family members while living together from October 27 to November 1, 2021. Conclusion: 2019-nCoV Delta variant is prone to cause family cluster, and close attention needs to be paid to virus transmission through ventilation duct system in isolation hotels.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , COVID-19 , Epidemics , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 195-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935370

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of blood lead and blood selenium with serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) among Chinese adults aged 19 to 79 years. Methods: The participants were enrolled from the first wave of China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) conducted from 2017 to 2018. 10 153 participants aged 19 to 79 years were included in this study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from participants. Lead and selenium in whole blood and hs-CRP in serum were measured. Individuals with hs-CRP levels above 3.0 mg/L were defined as elevated hs-CRP. Generalized linear mixed models and restricted cubic spline models were used to analyze the association of blood lead and blood selenium with elevated hs-CRP. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the multiplicative scale and additive scale interaction between blood lead and blood selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Results: The age of participants was (48.91±15.38) years, of which 5 054 (61.47%) were male. 1 181 (11.29%) participants were defined as elevated hs-CRP. After multivariable adjustment, results from generalized linear models showed that compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood lead, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third, and highest quartiles were 1.14 (0.94-1.37), 1.25 (1.04-1.52) and 1.38 (1.13-1.68), respectively. When compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood selenium, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third and highest quartiles were 0.86 (0.72-1.04), 0.91 (0.76-1.11), and 0.75 (0.61-0.92), respectively. Results from the interaction analysis showed no significant interaction between lead and selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Conclusion: Blood concentration of lead was positively associated with elevated serum hs-CRP, and blood concentration of selenium was inversely related to elevated hs-CRP, while blood lead and selenium did not present interaction on elevated hs-CRP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asians , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , China/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Selenium , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935341

ABSTRACT

Two cases of epidemic situation of serogroup B meningitis in infants in Shandong Province in 2021 were investigated. Samples of cases and their close contacts were collected for isolation, culture and identification of Neisseria meningitides (Nm). The isolates were subjected to multi-locus sequence typing, outer membrane protein porA and fetA genotyping and drug sensitivity test. Two laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of serogroup B meningitis were reported from Yantai city and Linyi city. The indicated cases were infants aged 5 months and 2 months old respectively. They were not vaccinated with meningitis vaccine. Their epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations were similar and the prognosis was good. The same sequence type (ST) of serogroup B Nm strains as the indicated cases was detected in the samples of close family contacts, but without subsequent cases. Among them, Yantai strain was were identified as the type ST-8920, belonging to CC4821 clonal complex, and the genotypes of porA and fetA were p1.21-2, 23 and F3-1. Linyi strain was a new type, belonging to CC4821 clonal complex and the genotypes of porA and fetA were p1.20, 23 and F1-91. The above strains were resistant to penicillin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and Chemitrim, and their sensitivity to cephalosporin decreased. Two cases of infant serogroup B epidemic were relatively rare in China, which were different from the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of other Nm serogroups in the past.


Subject(s)
Epidemics , Humans , Infant , Meningitis, Meningococcal/epidemiology , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Neisseria meningitidis , Serogroup
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the economic burden of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) lymphadenitis in Shandong Province. Methods: From May 2011 to December 2019, 304 patients applying for the province-level compensation of BCG lymphadenitis was selected from Shandong Province in this study. The basic situation, vaccination, outpatient (inpatient) records, cost and relevant information of those patients were collected to calculate the direct economic burden (including direct medical costs and direct non-medical costs), indirect economic burden and total economic burden. Comparison of the difference of economic burden of cases with different characteristics was taken. Results: The M(Q1,Q3) of age of BCG lymphadenitis patients was 3 (2, 4) months, among which 239 cases (78.6%) were male, 71 cases (23.4%) had lymphadenopathy, and 227 cases (74.7%) underwent surgery.The number of outpatient only, inpatient only and outpatient then inpatient was 25.7% (78 cases), 7.2% (22 cases) and 67.1% (204 cases), respectively. The M(Q1,Q3) of direct, indirect and total economic burden of single case after discount was 9 910 (5 713, 16 074), 2 081 (1 547, 3 122) and 12 262 (7 694, 18 571) yuan, respectively.The direct medical expenses accounted for 89.4% of the direct economic burden, the direct economic burden accounted for 84.9% of the total economic burden, the total economic burden of 80.0% cases accounted for only about 20.0% of the compensation amount, and the total economic burden of only 2.3% cases accounted for more than 60.0% of the compensation amount.The direct, indirect and total economic burden of patients with inpatient only and outpatient then inpatient was higher than that of patients with outpatient only; the direct, indirect and total economic burden of patients with operation was higher than that of patients with non-operation; the direct and total economic burden of patients with unulcerated lymph node was higher than that of patients with ulcerated lymph node(all P values<0.05). Conclusion: The economic burden of BCG lymphadenitis cases in Shandong Province is influenced by the mode of diagnosis and treatment, with direct medical expenses as the predominant component.


Subject(s)
BCG Vaccine , Cost of Illness , Financial Stress , Humans , Infant , Lymphadenitis/epidemiology , Male , Vaccination
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 297-307, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935214

ABSTRACT

The mutation rate of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer is 3% to 7%. Due to its low mutation rate and better long-term survival compared with epidermal growth factor receptor-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients, therefore, it's called "diamond mutation". At present, there are three generations of ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) drugs in the world. The first-generation ALK-TKI drug approved in China is crizotinib, and the second-generation drugs are alectinib, ceritinib and ensartinib. Among them, ensartinib is an ALK-TKI domestically developed, and its efficacy is similar to that of alectinib. The main adverse event is transient rash, and compliance to ensartinib is better from the perspective of long-term survival of patients. The manifestation of rash caused by ensartinib is different from that of other ALK-TKI drugs. In order to facilitate clinical application and provide patients with more treatment options, under the guidance of the Committee of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care of China Anti-Cancer Association, this article collects and summarizes the common adverse reactions of ensartinib. Based on the clinical practice, a clear adverse classification and specific treatment plan are formulated, in order to provide a corresponding reference for clinicians to make more comprehensive clinical decisions.


Subject(s)
Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Carbazoles/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Consensus , Exanthema/drug therapy , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Piperazines , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Pyridazines
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935193

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of down-regulation of retinol binding protein 2 (RBP2) expression on the biological characteristics of ovarian cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: Knockdown of RBP2 and cisplatin (DDP)-resistant ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i was established, the negative control group and blank control group were also set. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the cell proliferation ability, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, scratch test and Transwell invasion test were used to detect cell migration and invasion ability, real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot were used to detect the expressions of molecular markers related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The effect of RBP2 on the growth of ovarian cancer was verified through experiment of transplanted tumors in nude mice, and the relationships between RBP2 expression and tumor metastasis and patient prognosis were analyzed using the clinical data of ovarian cancer in TCGA database. Results: After down-regulating the expression of RBP2, the proliferation ability of SKOV3/DDP cell was significantly reduced. On the fifth day, the proliferation activities of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group, negative control group and blank control group were (56.67±4.16)%, (84.67±3.51) and (87.00±4.00)% respectively, with statistically significant difference (P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (14.19±1.50)%, higher than (8.77±0.75)% of the negative control group and (7.48±0.52)% of the blank control group (P<0.001). The number of invasive cells of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (55.20±2.39), lower than (82.60±5.18) and (80.80±7.26) of the negative control group and the blank control group, respectively (P<0.001). The scratch healing rate of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was (28.47±2.72)%, lower than (50.58±4.06)% and (48.92±4.63)% of the negative control group and the blank control group, respectively (P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin in the SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were higher than those in the negative control group (P=0.015, P<0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.006, P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expression of N-cadherin in SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were lower than those in the negative control group (P=0.012, P<0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.005, P<0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of vimentin in SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group were also lower than those in the negative control group (P=0.016, P=0.001) and the blank control group (P=0.011, P=0.001). Five weeks after the cells inoculated into the nude mice, the tumor volume of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group, negative control group and blank control group were statistically significant different. The tumor volume of SKOV3/DDP-RBP2i group was smaller than those of negative control group and blank control group (P=0.001). Bioinformatics analysis showed that the expression of RBP2 in patients with metastatic ovarian cancer was higher than that without metastasis (P=0.043), and the median overall survival of ovarian cancer patients with high RBP2 expression was 41 months, shorter than 69 months of low RBP2 expression patients (P<0.001). Conclusion: Downregulation of the expression of RBP2 in SKOV3/DDP cells can inhibit cell migration and invasion, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of EMT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Female , Gene Silencing , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explored how medical and health institutions can improve the quality of Investigator-Initiated Trials(IIT).Methods:Strategies and measures were proposed to ensure the quality of IIT based on the combination of related literature review and IIT management experiences analysis.Results:Institutions can carry out following measurements to improve the quality of IIT, which include setting up tailored IIT management department, establish centralized management system; conducting systematic regulatory and clinical research methodology trainings; develop effective quality control system and quality assessment index, applying electronic information system and platform to optimize the management.Conclusions:Strengthen the standardized management is an effective strategy to improve the quality of IIT in medical and health institutions.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934398

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To establish a candidate reference measurement procedure based on isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC-MS/MS) for cyclosporin A, tacrolimus, sirolimus, and everolimus measurements in human whole blood.Methods:The isotope labeled cyclosporine A, tacrolimus, sirolimus, and everolimus were selected as the internal standards. Samples were accurately weighed while protein precipitation and solid phase extraction were selected for the sample preparation. The standard curve method was applied for quantification. The ultra-high liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometer was used for analysis. The specificity, matrix effect, detection limit, quantification limit, precision, accuracy, and uncertainty of the method were evaluated.Results:The method showed good selectivity and specificity. No apparent interferences or matrix effects were found in the target analyte measurements. The detection limits and quantification limits of cyclosporin A, tacrolimus, sirolimus and everolimus met clinical requirements. Intra-batch coefficients of variation ( CV) were from 1.4% to 1.8% for CSA, from 1.7% to 2.8% for TAC, from 1.3% to 3.7% for SRL and from 2.3% to 3.2% for EVR, and total CVs were from 1.8% to 2.9% for CSA, from 1.7% to 3.8% for TAC, from 2.6% to 4.7% for SRL and from 3.5% to 4.6% for EVR. The relative recoveries were from 97.9% to 100.3% for CSA, from 98.4% to 103.1% for TAC, from 99.4% to 102.0% for SRL and from 98.3% to 99.4% for EVR, and the relative expanded uncertainties at four concentrations were from 4.2% to 4.4% for CSA, from 1.5% to 2.4% for TAC, from 4.4% to 4.9% for SRL and from 2.2% to 2.7% for EVR. Conclusion:A candidate reference measurement procedure for the cyclosporine A, tacrolimus, sirolimus, and everolimus in human whole blood was established by ID-LC-MS/MS.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA detection in the screening of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its clinical application in non-high-risk areas.Methods:Plasma EBV DNA results in 1 153 newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who were treated in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from 2015 to 2020 and 244 healthy control cases with matched sex and age were retrospectively analyzed. EBV DNA were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Positive rate of EBV DNA was determined by the cutoff value of 400 (≥400 copies/ml as positive) and optimization threshold method (presence of S amplification curve as positive). Further analyses were conducted to compare EBV DNA load in different clinical stage, TNM stage and regions distribution characteristics. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of the cutoff value of 400 and optimization threshold method for NPC.Results:Compared with healthy controls, EBV DNA increased significantly in newly diagnosed NPC patients ( P<0.001). Both evaluation methods revealed that the EBV DNA positive percentage increased with TNM and clinical stage ( P<0.001). With 400 copies/ml as cutoff value, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 40.85% and 100%, respectively. The area under the curve was 0.704 (95% CI 0.676-0.733, P<0.001). Evaluated by the optimization threshold method, the sensitivity and specificity could improve to 82.0% and 99.2%, respectively, and the area under the curve reached 0.910 (95% CI 0.894-0.924, P<0.001). Conclusions:In the low prevalence area of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the sensitivity for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is only 40.9% by the 400 copies/ml cutoff value method. The optimization threshold method is a better choice to improve the diagnostic sensitivity without lowering the diagnostic specificity.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of oral-facial muscle training applying virtual reality technology (VR) and of action observation therapy on the salivation of children with cerebral palsy (CP).Methods:Sixty CP children with uncontrolled salivation were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group, each of 30. In addition to conventional rehabilitation treatment, the control group received routine tongue muscle training, buccal lip muscle training, ice stimulation, and Masako swallowing training. The observation group received oral-facial muscle training based on action observation therapy in a virtual environment. Both groups were trained 30min per day, 5 times a week for 3 weeks. Before and after the treatment, drooling (DDSS) and swallowing function scores were evaluated. Integrated surface electromyography (iEMG) of the buccinator and orbicularis oris muscles was also performed.Results:After treatment, a significant decrease was observed in the average DDSS and the swallowing function scores of both the control and observation groups, along with a significant increase in the average root mean square values of the buccinator and orbicularis oris iEMGs of both groups. However, the average DDSS score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group, while the average iEMG readings were significantly better.Conclusion:VR-based action observation oral-facial muscle training is a more effective supplement to conventional rehabilitation treatment than conventional oral-facial muscle training in improving the salivation of children with CP.

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