Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 194
Filter
1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 196-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965459

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of depressive symptoms among primary and middle school students in Xihu District, Hangzhou City, so as to provide insights into depression control among primary and middle school students. @*Methods@# Students were sampled from two primary schools, two junior high schools, two ordinary high schools and one vocational high school in Xihu District using a stratified cluster random sampling method from September to November, 2021. Participants' demographics, diet, exercise, sleep and campus bullying were collected using questionnaire surveys. The depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and factors affecting the depressive symptoms were identified among primary and middle school students using a multivariable logistic regression model.@* Results@# A total of 1 518 students were investigated, including 518 primary school students (34.12%), 363 junior high school students (23.91%), 463 ordinary high school students (30.50%) and 174 vocational high school students (11.46%). Of all participants, there were 805 males (53.03%). The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 38.87% among the participants, and was 36.10%, 42.42%, 42.33% and 30.46% among primary school, junior high school, ordinary high school and vocational high school students, respectively. The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that gender (OR=1.601, 95%CI: 1.289-1.989), type of school (junior high school, OR=1.299, 95%CI: 0.974-1.734; ordinary high school, OR=1.351, 95%CI: 1.025-1.780; vocational high school, OR=0.862, 95%CI: 0.585-1.272), frequency of fresh vegetable intake (less than once daily, OR=0.454, 95%CI: 0.304-0.679; once and more daily, OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.235-0.548), duration spent on the internet (0.5 to 1 h daily, OR=1.447, 95%CI: 1.044-2.006; 1 h and longer daily, OR=1.456, 95%CI: 1.072-1.978), sufficient sleep (OR=0.525, 95%CI: 0.371-0.744), suffering from campus bullying (OR=1.992, 95%CI: 1.491-2.661) were associated with the development of depressive symptoms. @*Conclusions@# The prevalence of depressive symptoms is high among primary and middle school students in Xihu District. Gender, type of school, dietary behaviors, sleep duration and campus bullying are factors affecting the development of depressive symptoms.

2.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 531-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of early delayed recovery after right ventricular-extrapulmonary arterial(RV-PA)conduit reconstruction.Methods:From 2017 to 2021, the children with RV-PA conduit reconstruction, who were treated in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.The demographic data and peri-operative clinical data of the patients were collected for statistical analysis.Results:Fifty-five patients were included in the study.The patients were sequenced by the length of ICU stay.The time at the 75th percentile was defined as the critical value for grouping.According to the ICU stay time of the children, they were divided into normal recovery group(ICU stay ≤7 days, n=40)and delayed recovery group(ICU stay>7 days, n=15).The mechanical ventilator time in the whole group was 24(0, 1 408)h, and the ICU stay time was 4(1, 67)d.Six cases required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, and two cases died.In the multivariate Logistic regression analysis of two groups, long cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) time( OR=1.034, 95% CI 1.009-1.061, P=0.009)and poor right ventricular function( OR=9.536, 95% CI 1.010-90.037, P=0.049)were independent risk factors for early delayed recovery. Conclusion:The risk of RV-PA conduit reconstruction is high.The proportion of ECMO support is increased.The mortality rate is higher.Right heart dysfunction and prolonged CPB time are risk factors for delayed postoperative recovery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 849-856, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985486

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the main metals involved in cognitive impairment in the Chinese oldest old, and explore the association between these metal exposures and cognitive impairment. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1 568 participants aged 80 years and older from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (2017 to 2018). Fasting venous blood was collected to measure the levels of nine metals (selenium, lead, cadmium, arsenic, antimony, chromium, manganese, mercury, and nickel). The cognitive function of these participants was evaluated by using the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (CMMSE). The random forest (RF) was applied to independently identify the main metals that affected cognitive impairment. The multivariate logistic regression model and restricted cubic splines (RCS) model were used to further verify the association of the main metals with cognitive impairment. Results: The age of 1 568 study subjects was (91.8±7.6) years old, including 912 females (58.2%) and 465 individuals (29.7%) with cognitive function impairment. Based on the RF model (the out-of-bag error rate was 22.9%), the importance ranking of variables was conducted and the feature screening of five times ten-fold cross-validation was carried out. It was found that selenium was the metal that affected cognitive function impairment, and the other eight metals were not included in the model. After adjusting for covariates, the multivariate logistic regression model showed that with every increase of 10 μg/L of blood selenium levels, the risk of cognitive impairment decreased (OR=0.921, 95%CI: 0.889-0.954). Compared with the lowest quartile(Q1) of blood selenium, the ORs (95%CI) of Q3 and Q4 blood selenium were 0.452 (0.304-0.669) and 0.419 (0.281-0.622) respectively. The RCS showed a linear dose-response relationship between blood selenium and cognitive impairment (Pnonlinear>0.05). Conclusion: Blood selenium is negatively associated with cognitive impairment in the Chinese oldest old.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Selenium , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metals/analysis , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 634-640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985455

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: The elderly over 65 years old with complete information on plasma vitamin B12 and plasma uric acid from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (2017 to 2018) were recruited in this study. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, life styles, diet intake, and health status were collected by questionnaire and physical examination; and fasting venous blood was collected to detect the levels of plasma vitamin B12, uric acid and other indicators. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level per interquartile range increase with plasma uric acid level. The association trend of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level was described by restrictive cubic splines fitting multiple linear regression model. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level stratified by quartiles with hyperuricemia. Results: A total of 2 471 participants were finally included in the study, the age was (84.88±19.76) years old, of which 1 291 (52.25%) were female. The M (Q1, Q3) level of plasma vitamin B12 was 294 (203, 440) pg/ml and the plasma uric acid level was (341.01±90.46) μmol/L. A total of 422 participants (17.08%) were defined with hyperuricemia. The results of multiple linear regression model showed that there was a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level after adjustment for covariates (P<0.05). An IQR increase in plasma vitamin B12 (237 pg/ml) was associated with a 6.36 (95%CI: 2.00-10.72) μmol/L increase in the plasma uric acid level. The restrictive cubic splines curve showed a positive linear association of log-transformed plasma vitamin B12 with uric acid level (P<0.001). Conclusion: There is a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Vitamin B 12 , Uric Acid , Cohort Studies , Hyperuricemia , Vitamins , Folic Acid
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971138

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is not "transcriptional noise". It can regulate gene expression at pre-transcriptional, post-transcriptional and epigenetic level and participate in the occurrence and development of diseases. A large number of studies have shown that the abnormal expression of lncRNA plays an important role in the occurrence and development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and drug resistance. LncRNA can participate in the occurrence, development and drug resistance of AML by acting on target genes and regulating related signal pathways. Detection of its expression has a certain prognostic value. Therefore, this article briefly discusses the research progress of lncRNA in AML, hoping to provide ideas for clinical diagnosis and targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 669-678, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971086

ABSTRACT

Despite the achievements obtained worldwide in the control of tuberculosis in recent years, many countries and regions including China still face challenges such as low diagnosis rate, high missed diagnosis rate, and delayed diagnosis of the disease. The discovery strategy of tuberculosis in China has changed from "active discovery by X-ray examination" to "passive discovery by self-referral due to symptoms", and currently the approach is integrated involving self-referral due to symptoms, active screening, and physical examination. Active screening could help to identify early asymptomatic and untreated cases. With the development of molecular biology and artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis technology, there are more options for active screening among the large-scale populations. Although the implementation cost of a population-based active screening strategy is high, it has great value in social benefits, and active screening in special populations can obtain better benefits. Active screening of tuberculosis is an important component of the disease control. It is suggested that active screening strategies should be optimized according to the specific conditions of the regions to ultimately ensure the benefit of the tuberculosis control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Mass Screening , China
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1568-1577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970629

ABSTRACT

A gas chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry(GC-MS) method was established for the simultaneous determination of eleven volatile components in Cinnamomi Oleum and the chemical pattern recognition was utilized to evaluate the quality of essential oil obtained from Cinnamomi Fructus medicinal materials in various habitats. The Cinnamomi Fructus medicinal materials were treated by water distillation, analyzed using GC-MS, and detected by selective ion monitoring(SIM), and the internal standards were used for quantification. The content results of Cinnamomi Oleum from various batches were analyzed by hierarchical clustering analysis(HCA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) for the statistic analysis. Eleven components showed good linear relationships within their respective concentration ranges(R~2>0.999 7), with average recoveries of 92.41%-102.1% and RSD of 1.2%-3.2%(n=6). The samples were classified into three categories by HCA and PCA, and 2-nonanone was screened as a marker of variability between batches in combination with OPLS-DA. This method is specific, sensitive, simple, and accurate, and the screened components can be utilized as a basis for the quality control of Cinnamomi Oleum.


Subject(s)
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Plant Oils , Oils, Volatile , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Cluster Analysis
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 86-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the association of greenness exposure with waist circumference (WC) and central obesity in older adults in China. Methods: Based on the cross-sectional data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2017-2018, 14 056 participants aged 65 years and over were included. Demographic characteristics, lifestyle, WC, and other information were collected through a questionnaire and physical examination. Based on the satellite monitoring data of moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) provided by NASA, the annual mean of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) within a radius of 1 000 meters was obtained as the measurement value of greenness exposure. Multivariate linear regression model, multivariate logistic regression model, and restricted cubic splines (RCS) model were used to analyze the association and dose-response relationship between greenness exposure and WC and central obesity in older adults in China. Results: A total of 14 056 participants were enrolled with a median age of 84.0 years [IQR: 75.0-94.0 years]. About 45.0% (6 330) of them were male and 48.6% (5 853) were illiterate. There were 10 964 (78.0%) participants from rural. The mean of WC was (84.4±10.8) cm. Central obesity accounted for 60.2% (8 465), and the NDVI range was (-0.06, 0.78). After adjusting for confounding factors, the multivariate linear regression model showed that the change value of WC in the urban group [β (95%CI):-0.49 (-0.93, -0.06)] was smaller than that in the rural [-0.78 (-0.98, -0.58)] for every 0.1 unit increase in NDVI (Pinteraction=0.022). Compared with the Q1 group in NDVI, WC of Q2 and Q3 groups in rural decreased, and the β (95%CI) values were-1.74 (-2.5, -0.98) and-2.78 (-3.55, -2.00), respectively. The multivariate logistic regression model showed that after adjusting for confounding factors, the risk of central obesity decreased for urban and rural older adults with an increase of 0.1 unit in NDVI, and the OR (95%CI) values were 0.87 (0.80, 0.95) and 0.86 (0.82, 0.89), respectively (Pinteraction=0.284). Compared with the Q1 group in NDVI, the risk of central obesity in the Q2 and Q3 groups in rural was lower, and the OR (95%CI) values were 0.68 (0.58, 0.80) and 0.57 (0.49, 0.68), respectively. The results of the multivariate regression model with RCS showed that there was a non-linear association of NDVI with WC (Pnonlinear=0.006) and central obesity (Pnonlinear=0.025). Conclusion: Greenness exposure is negatively associated with WC and central obesity in older adults in China.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 459-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982265

ABSTRACT

With the development of medical technology and the deepening of medical reform, hospital laboratory test continues to expand. Affected by factors such as technology and cost, the business of outsourcing laboratory test to independent clinical laboratories develops rapidly. However, this cooperation mode has not been carried out for a long time and lacks systematic management experience. Through the analysis of the motivation of hospital delivery, this study expounds the classification, judgment basis and requirements for suppliers of third-party clinical laboratory delivery, as well as the operation practice of laboratory test delivery, so as to provide reference for more standardized and effective testing delivery for hospitals.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3623-3632, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981493

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the contents of seven active components [genipinic acid(GA), protocatechuic acid(PCA), neochlorogenic acid(NCA), chlorogenic acid(CA), cryptochlorogenic acid(CCA),(+)-pinoresinol di-O-β-D-glucopyranosid(PDG), and(+)-pinoresinol 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(PG)] of Eucommiae Cortex in aortic vascular endothelial cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR) were simultaneously determined by ultra-high liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS). The qualified SHR models were selected. The primary aortic endothelial cells(VECs) of rats were separated and cultured by ligation and adherence, followed by subculture. After successful identification, an UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneously determining the contents of GA, PCA, NCA, CA, CCA, PDG, PG in seven components of Eucommiae Cortex in VECs was established, including specificity, linearity, matrix effect, recovery, accuracy, precision and stability. The established method had the lo-west limit of quantification of 0.97-4.95 μg·L~(-1), accuracy of 87.26%-109.6%, extraction recovery of 89.23%-105.3%, matrix effect of 85.86%-106.2%, and stability of 86.00%-112.5%. Therefore, the established accurate UPLC-MS/MS method could rapidly and simultaneously determine the contents of the seven active components of Eucommiae Cortex in VECs of SHRs, which provided a refe-rence for the study of cellular pharmacokinetics of active components of Eucommiae Cortex extract.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , Chromatography, Liquid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Endothelial Cells , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 587-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965782

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)has been traditionally considered a purely microvascular disease in the retina. Currently, mainstream therapies focus only on advanced vascular complications and a single molecular target-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF). However, the research is shifting towards a more comprehensive view that DR is a neurovascular disease caused by neurovascular unit(NVU)injury. In the early stage of DR, diabetic retinal neurodegeneration(DRN)dominates and may precede the retinal microvascular abnormalities. Moreover, neuronal apoptosis can further lead to microvascular injury and blood-retinal barrier(BRB)disruption. Therefore, it makes sense to develop new therapeutic strategies to prevent or reverse DRN. However, no drug targeting DRN has been approved for clinical use. In recent years, it has become a trend to study the protective effect of traditional Chinese medicine on the retina. The primary research focuses on Chinese herb monomers. This article reviews the research status of representative monomers in DRN to provide references for the early treatment of DR and development of new drugs.

12.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 476-481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of isolated fetal echogenic bowel (FEB) as an indicator for invasive prenatal diagnosis.Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 183 pregnant women who were diagnosed with isolated FEB and underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis in Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital from August 2013 to January 2021. Clinical data including the results of conventional karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA loads in amniotic fluid and pregnancy outcomes were reviewed analyzed. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis Results:Karyotyping was performed on all of the 183 fetuses and three (1.64%) aneuploidies (one case of trisomy 21, one trisomy 18 and one 47,XYY syndrome) were detected. One trisomy 21 and four pathogenic (P)/likely pathogenic (LP) copy number variation (CNV) were detected among 108 fetuses who received CMA. The detection rate of P/LP chromosomal abnormalities by CMA was higher than that by karyotyping, but there was no significant difference between them [4.63% (5/108) vs 0.93% (1/108), χ 2=1.54, P>0.05]. In addition, three cases of variants of uncertain significance (VOUS) were detected by CMA. CMV DNA loads of fetal cells in the amniotic fluid samples of the 166 cases were determined, and only one (0.6%) was positive (CMV DNA up to 7.01×10 6 copies/ml), and no abnormalities were found in karyotype analysis and CMA detection. A total of 176 cases were followed up, and among them only one case of intrauterine infection and seven cases (three aneuploidies and four P/LP CNV) of chromosomal abnormalities were terminated after genetic counseling. Three fetuses with VOUS and other 165 fetuses without chromosomal abnormalities had a good prognosis after birth. Conclusions:Isolated FEB may be the abnormal ultrasound finding in fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities or CMV infection. Prenatal genetic testing and the exclusion of intrauterine infection are important for management during pregnancy and prognosis assessment of FEB.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 33-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the results of national surveillance on the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial isolates from bloodstream infections in China in 2021.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2021 to December 2021. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 11 013 bacterial strains were collected from 51 hospitals, of which 2 782 (25.3%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 8 231 (74.7%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.9%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.8%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.6%), Enterococcus faecium (3.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.7%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.5%) and Klebsiella spp (2.1%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 25.3% and 76.8%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci was detected; more than 95.0% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to ceftobiprole. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. The rates of extended spectrum B-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolated in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 49.6%, 25.5% and 39.0%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.2% and 15.8%, respectively; 7.9% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. Ceftobiprole demonstrated excellent activity against non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Aztreonam/avibactam was highly active against carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii (5.5% and 4.5%). The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 18.9%. Conclusions:The BRICS surveillance results in 2021 shows that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are gram-negative bacteria, in which Escherichia coli is the most common. The MRSA incidence shows a further decreasing trend in China and the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci is low. The prevalence of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is still on a high level, but the trend is downwards.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 423-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation guided by CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) in the treatment of multiple nodular liver metastases of colorectal cancer.Methods:Clinical data of 32 patients with liver metastasis of colorectal cancer who underwent femoral arterial catheterization and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation guided by CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 11 females, aged (53.2±9.9) years old. Before ablation, the angiography catheter were placed in the common or proper hepatic artery under the digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The patients were then transferred to a CT operating room. Under general anesthesia, contrast agent was injected into the indwelling angiography catheter and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation guided by CTHA was performed. The presentation of lesions, the dosage of contrast agent and complications during ablation were analyzed, and the treatment outcome was followed up outpatient or inpatient review.Results:All 32 patients uneventfully underwent DSA-guided angiography catheter placement, and CTHA-guided radiofrequency ablation was successfully performed in 97 lesions, with a technical success rate of 100% (97/97). The difference between CT values at the lesion enhancement site and peri-tumor hepatic parenchyma were greater than 25 HU. The total amount of contrast agent used during the procedure was 63.9±14.7 ml. All ablation-related complications were graded as A or B according to the Society of Interventional Radiology classification system. The complete ablation rate assessed by CTHA after the ablation was 100% (97/97). The rate of lesion necrosis was 100% evaluated by MRI one month after ablation. All patients were followed up and no recurrence was observed in 97 ablated lesions by the end of follow-up period.Conclusion:Radiofrequency ablation guided by CTHA is safe and feasible for the treatment of multiple nodular liver metastases of colorectal cancer, which could reduce the local recurrence of lesions after ablation.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 408-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To improve th e quality standard for Gerbera piloselloides. METHODS The properties of G. piloselloides were observed and microscopic identification was conducted for powder. The moisture ,total ash ,acid-insoluble ash and ethanol-soluble extract were detected according to the method stated in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅳ). The contents of nodakenin,luteolin-7-O-β-D-lutinoside,luteoloside,apigenin-7-O-β-D-lutinoside,apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside and marmesin were determined by high performance liquid chromatography method. RESULTS G. piloselloides were shrunken ,densely covered with thick white cotton wool ,with many fibrous roots ;the surface was taupe or gray-brown ;its texture was brittle and easy to break ;the cross section was yellow-white ,and there was an obvious small wooden heart in the center. Its powder was tan , and non-glandular hairs ,stone cells ,calcium oxalate cubes ,ducts,fibers could be seen unde r microscope. The measured values of moisture,total ash ,acid-insoluble ash and alcohol-soluble extract , for 15 batches of samples were 8.63%-11.34%,10.39%-14.93%, 3.29%-6.37% and 9.03%-15.02%,respectively;average values were 10.01%,12.26%,4.61%,12.36%. The linear ranges of nodakenin,luteolin-7-O-β-D-rutinoside,luteoloside,apigenin- 7-O-β-D-lutinoside,apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside and marmesin we re 3.87-154.88,1.64-65.41,1.60-64.00,1.92-76.96, 1.27-50.93,0.40-15.89 μg/mL,respectively(r≥0.999 1). RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and repeatability tests were all less than 3%. The average recoveries were 101.88%,100.89%,102.64%,95.75%,96.71% and 103.48%,respectively;RSDs were 0.55%,0.43%,0.34%,0.49%,0.47% and 0.37%,respectively(n=6);the contents of above 6 components were 0.152 7-0.852 2, 0.084 5-0.669 7,0.136 7-0.961 0,0.126 0-1.193 2,0.128 8-1.102 2,0.046 9-0.678 0 mg/g. CONCLUSIONS The established method can be used for the quality control of G. piloselloides . It is preliminarily proposed that the moisture in G. piloselloides is not more than 12.0%;the total ash is not more than 15.0%,the acid-insoluble ash is not more than 6.0%,the alcohol-soluble extract is not less than 9.0%;the contents of luteoloside and apigenin- 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside are not less than 0.016%.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 692-700, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927952

ABSTRACT

The present study established the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of the content of eight major active components in Caesalpinia decapetala and performed the quality evaluation of C. decapetala from different habitats with the chemical pattern recognition. The analysis was carried out on a Waters BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) at 40 ℃, with the mobile phase of water containing 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile containing 0.1% formic acid under gradient elution, the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and the injection volume of 1 μL. The electrospray ionization(ESI) source in the negative mode and multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) were used for MS quantitative analysis. The content results were analyzed by the hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA) and principal component analysis(PCA) for the evaluation of the quality difference. Eight components showed good linear relationships within their respective concentration ranges(r>0.999), with the average recoveries of 96.85%-103.4% and RSD of 0.52%-2.8%. The analysis results showed that the quality of samples from different batches was different. The samples were classified into three clusters by HCA and PCA. The method is simple, sensitive, accurate, and efficient, and can be used for the quality evaluation of C. decapetala.


Subject(s)
Caesalpinia , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Principal Component Analysis , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 195-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935370

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of blood lead and blood selenium with serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) among Chinese adults aged 19 to 79 years. Methods: The participants were enrolled from the first wave of China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) conducted from 2017 to 2018. 10 153 participants aged 19 to 79 years were included in this study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from participants. Lead and selenium in whole blood and hs-CRP in serum were measured. Individuals with hs-CRP levels above 3.0 mg/L were defined as elevated hs-CRP. Generalized linear mixed models and restricted cubic spline models were used to analyze the association of blood lead and blood selenium with elevated hs-CRP. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the multiplicative scale and additive scale interaction between blood lead and blood selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Results: The age of participants was (48.91±15.38) years, of which 5 054 (61.47%) were male. 1 181 (11.29%) participants were defined as elevated hs-CRP. After multivariable adjustment, results from generalized linear models showed that compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood lead, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third, and highest quartiles were 1.14 (0.94-1.37), 1.25 (1.04-1.52) and 1.38 (1.13-1.68), respectively. When compared with participants with the lowest quartile of blood selenium, the OR (95%CI) of elevated hs-CRP for participants with the second, third and highest quartiles were 0.86 (0.72-1.04), 0.91 (0.76-1.11), and 0.75 (0.61-0.92), respectively. Results from the interaction analysis showed no significant interaction between lead and selenium on elevated hs-CRP. Conclusion: Blood concentration of lead was positively associated with elevated serum hs-CRP, and blood concentration of selenium was inversely related to elevated hs-CRP, while blood lead and selenium did not present interaction on elevated hs-CRP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Selenium
18.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 16-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the serum levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 and recipients of inactivated vaccine in different periods for understanding their variation patterns in vivo. Methods:Chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect the levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in 144 serum samples of 44 COVID-19 patients, 381 serum samples of 118 asymptomatic infected cases and 398 serum samples of 273 inactivated vaccine recipients collected at different periods. The results were statistically analyzed together with basic characteristics and vaccination status.Results:The positive rates of IgM antibody in COVID-19 patients, asymptomatic infected cases and inactivated vaccine recipients were 52.27% (23/44), 23.73% (28/118) and 14.29% (39/273). The positive rate of IgM antibody was higher in COVID-19 patients than in asymptomatic infected cases and vaccine recipients (χ 2=12.106, P=0.001; χ 2=34.755, P<0.001). The positive rates of IgG antibody in the three populations were 100.00% (44/44), 97.46% (115/118) and 98.81% (166/168), and the differences were not statistically significant (χ 2=2.944, P=0.229). In COVID-19 patients, the concentration of IgM antibody in <40 years old group was lower than that in ≥40 years old group (Waldχ 2=6.609, P=0.010), and the concentration of IgG antibody in patients with vaccination was higher than that in patients without vaccination (Waldχ 2=12.402, P<0.001). In asymptomatic infected cases, the concentration of IgG antibody was higher in people with vaccination than in those without vaccination (Waldχ 2=4.530, P=0.033). In SARS-CoV-2 vaccine recipients, the concentration of IgG antibody in <40 years old group was higher than that in ≥40 years old group (Waldχ 2=9.565, P=0.002). Dynamic analysis of antibody levels showed that from week 1 to week 9, the concentrations of IgM and IgG antibodies in COVID-19 patients were higher than those in asymptomatic infected cases and vaccine recipients. Conclusions:The concentrations of IgM and IgG antibodies in COVID-19 patients were higher than those in asymptomatic infected cases and inactivated vaccine recipients. COVID-19 patients aged ≥40 years had higher level of IgM antibody. COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic infected cases who had received vaccination had higher concentration of IgG antibody. Inactivated vaccine showed good immunogenicity after whole course of immunization, and the IgG antibody level in <40 years old group was higher.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 272-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an intramedullary transplantation model of primary megakaryocytes to evaluate the platelet-producing capacity of megakaryocytes and explore the underlying regulatory mechanisms. Methods: Donor megakaryocytes from GFP-transgenic mice bone marrow were enriched by magnetic beads. The platelet-producing model was established by intramedullary injection to recipient mice that underwent half-lethal dose irradiation 1 week in advance. Donor-derived megakaryocytes and platelets were detected by immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Results: The proportion of megakaryocytes in the enriched sample for transplantation was 40 to 50 times higher than that in conventional bone marrow. After intramedullary transplantation, donor-derived megakaryocytes successfully implanted in the medullary cavity of the recipient and produce platelets, which showed similar expression of surface markers and morphology to recipient-derived platelets. Conclusion: We successfully established an in vivo platelet-producing model of primary megakaryocytes using magnetic-bead enrichment and intramedullary injection, which objectively reflects the platelet-producing capacity of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Blood Platelets , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Megakaryocytes/metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 141-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940298

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Shenxiong glucose injection (SGI) in inhibiting hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative damage in H9c2 cells by tandem mass tags (TMT)-labeled quantitative proteomics. MethodH9c2 cells cultured in vitro were exposed to H2O2 for inducing oxidative damage. The cell viability was measured by cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (MTS), followed by peptide fractionation by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and protein expression detection in H9c2 cells by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. MaxQuant (v1.5.2.8) was utilized for data retrieval, and the high-resolution mass spectrometry was conducted to screen out differentially expressed proteins, which were then subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. The protein expression levels of perilipin 2 (Plin2) and tropomyosin 1 (Tpm1) in cells were measured by Western blot. ResultThe spectral analysis yielded 48 608 specific peptide fragments and 5 903 quantifiable proteins. Compared with the model group,the SGI group exhibited 82 differentially expressed proteins,of which 22 were up-regulated and 60 were down-regulated. GO analysis results showed that the differentially expressed proteins were mainly involved in biological processes such as programmed cell death regulation,regulation of cell proliferation,cardiovascular system development, and cell migration. As revealed by KEGG analysis, these proteins were mainly related to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR),focal adhesion,phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt),and Ras-related protein 1 (Rap1) pathways. Western blot results demonstrated that compared with the model group,SGI significantly increased the Plin2 protein expression and decreased the Tpm1 protein expression (P<0.01),consistent with the proteomics results. ConclusionSGI may inhibit cell apoptosis and antagonize H2O2-induced cell oxidative damage by regulating PPAR,focal adhesion,PI3K/Akt and Rap1 pathways,which should be further verified by subsequent experiments.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL