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Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 730-734, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011673


【Objective】 To investigate the airway parameters of adult-onset eosinophilic asthma (EA) and analyze the correlation between airway remodeling and lung function by quantitative CT. 【Methods】 From March 2015 to November 2016, totally 94 subjects from the “FACT-Digital Lung” Multi-research Center were divided into three groups: 30 normal subjects, 33 EA patients and 31 non-eosinophilic asthma (NEA) patients. We measured and recorded the bronchial parameters of RB1, LB1+2, RB10, and LB10, and small airway disease parameters. The indicators for quantitative evaluation of bronchial parameters include lumen area (LA), wall thickness (WT), wall area (WA), and wall area percentage (WA%). The parameters for the quantitative assessment of small airway disease included the percentage of inspiratory voxels below -950HU (IN-950), the mean lung density (MLDin), and the whole volume of the lung in inspiration (Vin). Pearson or Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between these parameters and lung function. 【Results】 The differences in LA/BSA, WT/√BSA, and WA/BSA between the three groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). FEV1% had a significant correlation with IN-950 and MLDin (P<0.01). FEV1/FVC had a significant correlation with Vin, IN-950, and MLDin (P<0.01). EOS counts were positively related to IN-950 (r=0.343, P=0.011), while EOS had a negative correlation with FEV1% (r=-0.343, P=0.015). 【Conclusion】 With the increase of eosinophils counts in peripheral blood, the airway's stenosis in asthma patients gradually increased, and the extent of airflow limitation steadily increased. The IN-950 may be a sensitive imaging biomarker for evaluating the small airway disease in adult-onset eosinophilic asthma patients.

Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 642-648, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813255


To investigate the correlation of different types of urinary abnormalities or different proteinuria and hematuria with the pathological injury of kidney in IgA nephropathy with isolated hematuria and/or mild proteinuria.
 Methods: Patients with primary IgA nephropathy, isolated hematuria and/or mild proteinuria were enrolled in the Department of Nephrology, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2013 to January 2018. According to the difference of red blood cell count in urinary sediment and quantitative of 24-hour urinary protein (24 h-UP) during renal biopsy, the patients were grouped in 3 ways: a simple hematuria group, a hematuria and proteinuria group, and a simple proteinuria group; a proteinuria I group, a proteinuria II group, and a proteinuria III group; a hematuria I group, a hematuria II group, and a hematuria III group. The clinical parameters such as age, mean arterial pressure, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, blood uric acid, 24 h-UP, and renal pathological damage were compared.
 Results: A total of 157 patients met the inclusion criteria, including 71 males and 86 females. The most common pathological type was focal and/or segmental glomerulosclerosis. The Lee's classification were dominated by grade III and IV, and the renal pathological injury was heavy. Immunoglobulin deposition was dominated by simple IgA deposition. The most common fluorescence intensity of IgA deposition was +++. 97 (61.78%) patients were accompanied by complement deposition and were mainly composed of simple complement C3 deposition. There were 18 patients (11.47%) in the simple hematuria group, 111 patients (70.70%) in the hematuria and proteinuria group, and 28 patients (17.83%) in the simple proteinuria group. Compared with the simple hematuria group, the proportion of patients with mild injury was lower in the simple proteinuria group, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe injuries was increased (χ2=7.053, P=0.008). Compared with the hematuria and proteinuria group, the proportion of patients with mild injury was lower in the simple proteinuria group, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe injury was increased (χ2=4.294, P=0.038). Compared with the proteinuria I group, the proportion of patients with mild injury was lower in the proteinuria III group, and the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe injury was increased (χ2=5.433, P=0.020). There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with renal pathological injury among different hematuria groups (P>0.05).
 Conclusion: The clinical manifestations of patients with IgA nephropathy with hematuria and/or mild proteinuria are inconsistent with renal pathological damage. Some patients with mild clinical manifestations have severe renal pathological damage and the renal pathological damage is more serious in simple proteinuria. The more proteinuria, the heavier the renal pathological damage.

Female , Humans , Male , Creatinine , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Hematuria , Kidney , Proteinuria
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1089-1096, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813149


To observe the protective effect of alpha-mangostin (α-MG) on focal segmental glomurular sclerosis (FSGS) induced by adriamycin.
 Methods: Adriamycin nephropathy (AN) model was induced by adriamycin (10 mg/kg) via a tail vein. Then the mice were treated with α-MG (12.5 mg/kg) or normal salin once daily for 6 weeks. At the end of 6 weeks, the mice were sacrificed, and the kidneys and blood samples were collected. Histopathology of the kidneys were analyzed under the optical microscope. The serum levels of biochemical indicators, such as serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and cholesterol were determined. The levels of superoxide anion, malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH), the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in kidney tissues were determined. Serum levels of IL-1β, IL-18, IL-10 and adiponectin were determined. The levels of TGF-β1, collagen I (Col I), α-SMA, silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) and the nucleotide-binding domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) in kidney tissues were determined using immunohistochemical staining, Western blot, and RT-PCR.
 Results: The levels of SCr, proteinuria, urine protein to creatinine ratio and serum cholesterol were attenuated in AN mice after α-MG treatment, while creatinine clearance rate and serum albumin were upregulated (P<0.05). α-MG treatment alleviated the glomerular and interstitial fibrosis, downregulated the expression of fibrosis markers, such as Col I and α-SMA (P<0.05). α-MG treatment reduced the production of superoxide anion, the levels of MDA and GSH, and increased the activity of CAT and SOD (P<0.05). α-MG treatment inhibitd the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1β and IL-18 and promoted the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as the IL-10 and adiponectin (P<0.05); α-MG treatment promoted the expression of Sirt1, inhibitd the expression of NLRP3 in kidney tissues (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: α-MG could attenuates FSGS of mice induced by adriamycin ameliorate and improve renal function. α-MG exerts its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects by up-regulation the expression of Sirt1 and suppression of NLRP3.

Animals , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Doxorubicin , Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental , Kidney , Mice, Inbred NOD , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Xanthones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 96-101, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815455


IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is recognized as the most common immune complex related to the cause of glomerulonephritis worldwide. The disease is characterized by the predominant deposition of underglycosylated IgA1 in the mesangial area of glomeruli. Dysregulation of the immune system plays an important role in the pathogenesis of IgAN. Abnormalities restricted to T lymphocytes and/or B lymphocytes activation could be a critical causative factor in the over-production of underglycosylated IgA1.

Humans , Antigen-Antibody Complex , B-Lymphocytes , Glomerular Mesangium , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Pathology , Immunoglobulin A , Chemistry , T-Lymphocytes