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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 170-182, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005440

ABSTRACT

Thirty-one phenolic constituents were isolated and purified from the 95% ethanol extract of Sanguisorbae Radix by using various chromatographic techniques, including macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties, spectroscopic data (MS and NMR) and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra, and identified as 3-methoxyl-2S,3S-epoxyflavanone (1a), 3-methoxyl-2R,3R-epoxyflavanone (1b), longifoin B (2), longifoin C (3), eriodictyol (4), naringenin (5), liquiritigenin (6), 5,3ʹ-dihydroxy-7,4ʹ-dimethoxyflavanone (7), naringenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (8), dihydroquercetin (9), dihydrokaempferol (10), (-)-garbanzol (11), (2R,3R)-4-methoxyl-distylin (12), kaempferol (13), quercetin (14), α,4,2′,4′-tetrahydroxydihydrochalcone (15), phloretin (16), (+)-catechin (17), ethyl (+)-cyanidan-3-ol-8-carboxylate (18), phyllocoumarin (19), methyl 3-methoxy-4,5-dihydroxybenzoate (20), 4,5-dimethoxy-3-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (21), 3,4′-di-O-methylellagic acid (22), 3,4,3′-O-trimethylellagic acid (23), 3,3ʹ,4ʹ-O-trimethylellagic acid-4-O-β-D-xyloside (24), (3R)-thunberginol C (25), resveratrol (26), 1-hydroxypinoresinol (27), (7S,8S)-3-methoxy-3′,7-epoxy-8,4′-oxyneoligna-4,9,9′-triol (28), emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside (29), phloracetophenone (30) and 4-(4′-hydroxyphenyl)-butan-2-one (31). Among them, compound 1a and 1b is a pair of new flavonoid enantiomers, compounds 2 and 3 are a pair of new epimers, while compounds 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 13, 16 and 26 were obtained from S. officinalis for the first time, compounds 7, 8, 27, 30 and 31 were isolated for the first time from the S. officinalis genus, and compounds 11, 12, 15, 18, 19, 25, 28 and 29 were isolated for the first time from the Rosaceae. The antioxidant activities of compounds 1-24 were evaluated by activating the Nrf2 transcriptional pathway, which were measured by the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay in 293T cells. Compounds 4, 6-10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 20 and 22-24 showed significant Nrf2 agonistic effect compared with the control group at 25 μmol·L-1, which provided reference for the research of their antioxidant activity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential mechanism of resistance to axitinib in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), with a view to expanding the understanding of axitinib resistance, facilitating the design of more specific treatment options, and improving the treatment effectiveness and survival prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#By exploring the half maximum inhibitory concentration (IC50) of axitinib on ccRCC cell lines 786-O and Caki-1, cell lines resistant to axitinib were constructed by repeatedly stimulated with axitinib at this concentration for 30 cycles in vitro. Cell lines that were not treated by axitinib were sensitive cell lines. The phenotypic differences of cell proliferation and apoptosis levels between drug resistant and sensitive lines were tested. Genes that might be involved in the drug resistance process were screened from the differentially expressed genes that were co-upregulated in the two drug resistant lines by transcriptome sequencing. The expression level of the target gene in the drug resistant lines was verified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot (WB). The expression differences of the target gene in ccRCC tumor tissues and adjacent tissues were analyzed in the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) public database, and the impact of the target gene on the prognosis of ccRCC patients was analyzed in the Kaplan-Meier Plotter (K-M Plotter) database. After knocking down the target gene in the drug resistant lines using RNA interference by lentivirus vector, the phenotypic differences of the cell lines were tested again. WB was used to detect the levels of apoptosis-related proteins in the different treated cell lines to find molecular pathways that might lead to drug resistance.@*RESULTS@#Cell lines 786-O-R and Caki-1-R resistant to axitinib were successfully constructed in vitro, and their IC50 were significantly higher than those of the sensitive cell lines (10.99 μmol/L, P < 0.01; 11.96 μmol/L, P < 0.01, respectively). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation, and 5-ethynyl-2 '-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay showed that compared with the sensitive lines, the proliferative ability of the resistant lines decreased, but apoptosis staining showed a significant decrease in the level of cell apoptosis of the resistant lines (P < 0.01). Although resistant to axitinib, the resistant lines had no obvious new replicated cells in the environment of 20 μmol/L axitinib. Nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1) gene was screened by transcriptome sequencing, and its RNA (P < 0.0001) and protein expression levels significantly increased in the resistant lines. Database analysis showed that NUPR1 was significantly overexpressed in ccRCC tumor tissue (P < 0.05); the ccRCC patients with higher expression ofNUPR1had a worse survival prognosis (P < 0.001). Apoptosis staining results showed that knockdown ofNUPR1inhibited the anti-apoptotic ability of the resistant lines to axitinib (786-O, P < 0.01; Caki-1, P < 0.05). WB results showed that knocking downNUPR1decreased the protein level of B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2), increased the protein level of BCL2-associated X protein (BAX), decreased the protein level of pro-caspase3, and increased the level of cleaved-caspase3 in the resistant lines after being treated with axitinib.@*CONCLUSION@#ccRCC cell lines reduce apoptosis through theNUPR1 -BAX/ BCL2 -caspase3 pathway, which is involved in the process of resistance to axitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Axitinib/pharmacology , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Nuclear Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the predictive value of age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) for in-hospital mortality and 1-year mortality in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD).Methods:This was a retrospective cohort study, and the clinical data of ATAAD patients admitted to Wuhan Union Hospital from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2018 were collected for analysis. All the patients were confirmed by computed tomography angiography or magnetic resonance imaging of the aorta and the onset time was less than 14 days. Patients who survived at discharge were followed up to obtain 1-year survival information. The ACCI score was calculated for patients based on their comorbidities and age at admission, and they were divided into three groups of 0, 1 and ≥2 according to the ACCI score. The in-hospital mortality and 1-year mortality of the three groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the independent predictors for in-hospital mortality and 1-year mortality.Results:Among 1 133 ATAAD patients, 383, 357 and 393 patients had ACCI score of 0, 1, and ≥2, respectively. The in-hospital mortality and 1-year mortality of patients with ACCI score ≥2 were significantly higher than those of patients with ACCI score of 0 (25.4% vs. 17.0%, 30.0% vs. 19.6%, both P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that ACCI score ≥2 was an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality ( OR=1.670, 95% CI: 1.176-2.370, P=0.004) and 1-year mortality ( OR=1.762, 95% CI: 1.264-2.456, P<0.001). Age (per 10-year increase) and cerebrovascular diseases were independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality and 1-year mortality, while diabetes mellitus was a protective factor for in-hospital mortality. Conclusions:ACCI can predict the in-hospital mortality and 1-year mortality of ATAAD patients, and patients with ACCI score ≥2 have a poorer prognosis.

4.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 92-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015246

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether superovulation impairs the process of pregnancy establishment in mice by changing the intrauterine environment. Methods The implantation and pregnancy of superovulated and normal mice were compared. The superovulated mice were subjected to unilateral tubal ligation on day 0. 5 and blastocysts were transplanted to the other uterine horn on day 2. 5. The number of implantation sites of bilateral uterine horn was compared. The differences between preimplantation uteri of superovulated and normal pseudopregnancy mice were compared by tissue sections and high-throughput sequencing. Bioinformatics analysis was performed on the differentially expressed genes in two groups. Results Compared with the control group, the pregnancy rate of mice in the superovulation group decreased significantly. The number of implantation sites in the superovulation group was higher than the control. There was no significant difference in the pregnancy rate of the uterine horn between the control side and the transplanted side of the superovulated mice. The endometrium was thinned and the number of glands was reduced in superovulated pseudopregnancy mice. The gene expression patterns of preimplantation uterus in superovulation pseudopregnancy and normal pseudopregnancy mice were different. There were 1097 significantly differentially expressed genes, including 752 up-regulated genes and 345 down-regulated genes. Bioinformatics analysis showed that differentially expressed genes are mainly involved in biological processes, such as decidualization, response to progesterone, positive regulation of angiogenesis. They were mainly enriched in FoxO signaling pathway, cell cycle pathway and steroid biosynthesis pathway. Conclusion Superovulation impaired the process of establishing pregnancy and altered the gene expression patterns of biomarker of uterine receptivity in mice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the awakening effect and safety of Xingnao Kaiqiao (regaining consciousness and opening orifices) acupuncture on consciousness disorder in children with early severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) based on western medicine treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 62 children with STBI were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases,1 case dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 1 case dropped off). The control group was treated with routine rehabilitation therapy (6 times a week for 30 days), and intravenous drip of cattle encephalon glycoside and ignotin injection (once a day for 28 days). On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the observation group was treated with Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6), Shuigou (GV 26), Yintang (GV 24+), Baihui (GV 20), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zusanli (ST 36), etc., and supplementary acupoints according to clinical symptoms, once a day, 6 times a week for 30 days. The scores of Glasgow coma scale (GCS), coma recovery scale-revised (CRS-R) and modified Barthel index (MBI) were observed before treatment and 10, 20 and 30 d into treatment. Electroencephalogram (EEG) grading before and after treatment was observed in the two groups, and safety was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After 10, 20 and 30 days of treatment, the scores of GCS, CRS-R and MBI in the two groups were increased compared before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, EEG grading of both groups was improved compared with that before treatment (P<0.05), and the observation group was better than the control group (P<0.05). There were no adverse events or adverse reactions in the two groups during treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of western medicine treatment, Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture plays a remarkable role in wakening the early STBI children, can improve the level of consciousness disorder and daily living ability, and it is safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/therapy , Consciousness Disorders/therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of lag screw and support plate through axillary approach for the treatment of Ideberg typeⅡscapular pelvis fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2021, 26 patients with Ideberg typeⅡglenoid fractures were treated with trans-axillary lag screw combined with supporting plate, including 15 males and 11 females. The age ranged from 21 to 75 years, with an average of (43.12±6.56) years old. The Constant-Murley Shoulder joint Scale and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score were used to evaluate the function and clinical efficacy of shoulder joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 19 to 42 months, with an average of (30.6±10.5) months. One year after surgery, the Constant-Murley score increased from preoperative 34.9±2.5(ranged, from 28 to 47) to 87.2±6.8(ranged, from 70 to 95). The UCLA score improved from preoperative 17.9±1.7(9 to 25) to 33.1±2.3(29 to 35). Seventeen patients got an excellent result, with 7 good, and 2 fair. None of the patients had infection, screw, and plate loosening, fracture, and other complications after surgery. Two patients had different degrees of Chronic pain in the shoulder during the follow-up period.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of Ideberg typeⅡscapular glenoid fractures through axillary approach with lag screws and supporting steel plates has the advantages of convenient exposure, direct visual restoration of the normal anatomical shape of the scapular glenoid, selection of suitable positions for screw and steel plate placement, achieving better treatment results, and fewer complications. It is an effective and reliable surgical method.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Scapula , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fractures, Bone , Steel , Pelvis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940697

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of icariin on the proliferative capacity of hepatocellular carcinoma cell line CLC5 and the underlying mechanism. MethodThe targets of icariin were screened out by network pharmacology, and the target network and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were constructed to predict the possible targets and pathways of icariin. CCK-8 assay was employed to explore the effects of different concentrations (0, 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50 μmol·L-1) of icariin on the viability of CLC5 cells. Further, CLC5 cells were treated with 0, 25, 50 μmol·L-1 icariin, and the effect of icariin on CLC5 cell proliferation was examined by Edu-488 assay and clone formation assay (CFA). Western blot was employed to measure the expression levels of proteins in the protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β)/cell cycle-dependent kinase (CDK) pathway in the CLC5 cells exposed to different concentrations of icariin. ResultNetwork pharmacological analysis revealed that icariin may inhibit the hepatocellular carcinoma via cell cycle arrest and inhibition of tumor cell proliferation. Compared with the blank group, icariin decreased the viability of CLC5 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner (P<0.01) and reduced the positive rate of Edu-488 and the colonies in CFA (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, icariin down-regulated the protein levels of p-Akt, p-GSK3β, CDK4, and CyclinD1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionIcariin may block cell cycle to suppress the proliferation of CLC5 cells via inhibiting the Akt/GSK3β/CDK pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934224

ABSTRACT

With the development of brain protection, management of aortic root and arch lesions, the surgical mortality of acute type A aortic dissection is gradually decreasing, and malperfusion syndrome(MPS) is becoming increasingly prominent as A major problem affecting the short-term efficacy of acute type A aortic dissection. Aortic dissection may lead to poor perfusion of various organs, among which brain, heart, abdominal organs, kidney, lower limbs and spinal cord are the most prominent, with a total incidence of about 30%. There was a significant difference in surgical mortality between aortic dissection with or without organ MPS. As the number of organs involved increased, the mortality rate increased significantly. Abdominal viscera, especially mesenteric malperfusion is the key point of the surgical attention. At present, the contents worth discussing are as follows : (1) the definition of organ malperfusion syndrome of aortic dissection; (2) accurate classification or classification of poor perfusion of each system; (3)establish a more accurate scoring system for preoperative risk assessment of aortic dissection; (4)Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair priority or time priority or individualization should be adopted for the management of organ perfusion syndrome.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939775

ABSTRACT

Aberrant regulation of DNA methylation plays a crucial causative role in haematological malignancies (HMs). Targeted therapy, aiming for DNA methylation, is an effective mainstay of modern medicine; however, many issues remain to be addressed. The progress of epigenetic studies and the proposed theory of "state-target medicine" have provided conditions to form a new treatment paradigm that combines the "body state adjustment" of CM with targeted therapy. We discussed the correlation between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes/states and DNA methylation in this paper. Additionally, the latest research findings on the intervention and regulation of DNA methylation in HMs, including the core targets, therapy status, CM compounds and active components of the Chinese materia medica were concisely summarized to establish a theoretical foundation of "state-target synchronous conditioning" pattern of integrative medicine for HMs, simultaneously leading a new perspective in clinical diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Methylation/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-microRNA (miRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) interactions and identify the critical gene regulatory network during Schistosoma japonicum infections and praziquantel treatment using whole transcriptome sequencing. Methods A total of 110 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control group, the infection group and the treatment group. Mice in the infection treatment and the control group were infected with S. japonicum cercariae via the abdomen, and liver specimens were sampled from 10 mice 3, 6, 8 weeks post-infection. Praziquantel treatment was given to mice in the treatment group 8 weeks post-infection, and liver specimens were sampled from 10 mice 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 weeks post-treatment. Total RNA was isolated from mouse liver specimens, and the transcriptome library was constructed for highthroughput whole transcriptome sequencing. The significant differentially expressed genes were subjected to functional annotations, Gene Ontology (GO) terms enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Correlation analysis of liver specimens was performed using R Corrplot and Himsc functions, and the lncRNAmiRNA-mRNA interaction network analysis was performed using R MixOmics and Himsc functions. Results There were 1 176 differentially expressed miRNAs, 5 270 differentially expressed mRNAs, and 2 682 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the infection group and the control group, 1 289 differentially expressed miRNAs, 7 differentially expressed mRNAs, and 69 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the treatment group and the infection group, and 1 210 differentially expressed miRNAs, 4 456 differentially expressed mRNAs, and 2 016 differentially expressed lncRNAs between the treatment group and the control group. Correlation analysis showed a higher correlation of gene expression between the treatment group and the control group. Principal component analysis showed obvious separate clustering between the infection group and the treatment group. The differentially expressed genes with significant relevance were significantly enriched in 24 GO terms, including arachidonic acid metabolic process, xenobiotic catabolic process, unsaturated fatty acid metabolic process, xenobiotic metabolic process, long-chain fatty acid metabolic process, and 8 KEGG metabolic pathways, including cholesterol metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, retinol metabolism, and steroid hormone biometabolism. Conclusions There were 23 mRNAs including Cyp2b9 and 14 lncRNAs including Rmrpr in the core position of the gene regulatory network, which may play a critical role in S. japonicum infections and praziquantel treatment, and 9 miRNAs including miR-8105 may serve as potential molecular markers for diagnosis of S. japonicum infections.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Pai-Neng-Da Capsule (, panaxadiol saponins component, PNDC) in combination with the cyclosporine and androgen for patients with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA).@*METHODS@#A total of 79 CAA patients was randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table, including PCA group [43 cases, orally PNDC 320 mg/d plus cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 80 mg/d] and CA group [36 cases, orally cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 160 mg/d]. All patients were treated and followed-up for 6 treatment courses over 24 weeks. The complete blood counts, score of Chinese medical (CM) symptoms were assessed and urine routine, electrocardiogram, hepatic and renal function were observed for safety evaluation. Female masculinization rating scale was established according to the actual clinical manifestations to evaluate the accurate degree of masculinization in female CAA patients treated by andriol.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates were 88.1% (37/42) in the PCA group and 77.8% (28/36) in the CA group based on the standard for the therapeutic efficacy evaluation of hematopathy. There was no significant difference in the white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood between two groups after 6 months treatment. The masculinization score of female patient in the PCA group was significantly lower than the CA group (P<0.05). The mild abdominal distention was observed in 1 cases in the PCA group. In CA group, the abnormalities in the hepatic function developed in 2 cases and the renal disfunction was found in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#The PNDC possesses certain curative effects in the treatment of CAA without obvious side-effects and can partially replace andriol thereby to reduce the degree of masculinization [Registried at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChicTR1900028153)].


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Androgens , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , China , Nonprescription Drugs , Saponins/therapeutic use
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905909

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of anti-microbial compound (T1) from<italic> Bacillus </italic>(Phylum Firmicutes) and anti-microbial compound (T2) from <italic>Pseudomonas</italic> and <italic>Rhizobium</italic>, two growth-promoting agents, on the physiological characteristics and growth of <italic>Fritillaria przewalskii</italic>, in order to lay a foundation for the development of functional microbial agents and the promotion of ecological planting. Method:The endophytic bacteria of <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> were isolated and identified using conventional methods. The leaves of three-year-old <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> were sprayed with T1 and T2, followed by yield determination. The enzyme activities and physiological and biochemical indexes in the plant and microorganisms were measured using the corresponding assay kits, and the contents of related hormones by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Result:The isolated endophytic bacteria were classified into Firmicutes,Proteobacteria, and Actinomycetes. The activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD) and peroxidase(POD) and auxin content after T2 treatment were significantly higher than those after T1 treatment, while the contents of siderophore,salicylic acid, and gibberellin were lower. Compared with the blank (CK) group, T1 and T2 increased the contents of endogenous gibberellin,cytokinin, and auxin in <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> leaves,but did not significantly change jasmonic acid and abscisic acid. T1 promoted the accumulation of endogenous salicylic acid in <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> leaves, but there was no significant change after T2 treatment. Compared with CK,T1 and T2 enhanced the activities of SOD, POD, and catalase (CAT) and decreased the content of malondialdehyde. T2 promoted the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in <italic>F. przewalskii</italic> leaves, but no significant difference was observed after T1 treatment. Compared with CK,both T1 and T2 increased chlorophyll,average iron content in rhizosphere soil, and 100-plant weight. Conclusion:T1 and T2 treatments help to increase the yield,and their specific mechanisms differ from each other. T1 exhibits better effect than T2.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887986

ABSTRACT

Mansoa alliacea,commonly known as garlic vine,is native to the tropical rain forests of South America and widely cultivated in South China. As a popular folk medicine with various biological activities,however,this plant remains to be fully elucidated in terms of its phytochemical constituents. In this study,two new pyranonaphthoquinones were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the leaves and twigs of M. alliacea by various chromatographic approaches including silica gel,octadecyl silica( ODS),Sephadex LH-20,and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography( PHPLC). Their structures were determined to be 8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 1) and 7-hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 2) by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and therefore respectively named as mansonin A( 1) and mansonin B( 2).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886499

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effectiveness of in vitro fenestration versus bypass surgery techniques in the treatment of type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods    Among the 53 patients with type B aortic dissection involving the left subclavian artery admitted to our center from January 2017 to October 2020, 23 underwent in vitro fenestration + TEVAR (a fenestration group with 18 males and 5 females aged 53.6±5.3 years), and 30 patients underwent left common carotid artery-left subclavian artery bypass + TEVAR (a bypass group with 24 males and 6 females aged 51.8±3.8 years). The effectiveness and safety between the two groups were compared. Results    The surgical success rate was 100.0% in both groups. And there was no death within postoperative 30 days and during the follow-up. There was no endoleak immediately postoperatively and during 1-year follow-up in the two groups. The operation time and hospitalization expenses in the fenestration group was less or shorter than those in the bypass group (P<0.05). The reduction in blood pressure of the left upper limb in the fenestration group was greater than that in the bypass group (P<0.05). There was no symptom of left upper limb ischemia, dizziness or hoarseness in both groups. Conclusion    The two methods of reconstruction of the left subclavian artery are safe and effective. In vitro fenestration can reduce surgical trauma and costs, and bypass surgery can provide better forward blood flow for the left subclavian artery.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881253

ABSTRACT

@#Infective endocarditis (IE) is a disease with severe complications and high mortality. It is heterogeneous in etiology, clinical manifestations, and course. At the same time, there are many disputes on the clinical practice of antibiotic treatment, surgical indications and timing. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of IE, especially the latest advances in surgical treatment after the release of European Society of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines in 2015.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888783

ABSTRACT

A large number of protease inhibitors have been found from leeches, which are essential in various physiological and biological processes. In the curret study, a novel elastase inhibitor was purified and characterized from the leech of Hirudinaria manillensis, which was named HMEI-A. Primary structure analysis showed that HMEI-A belonged to a new family of proteins. HMEI-A exerted inhibitory effects on elastase and showed potent abilities to inhibit elastase with an inhibition constant (K


Subject(s)
Animals , Amino Acid Sequence , Leeches/chemistry , Pancreatic Elastase/antagonists & inhibitors , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Proteins
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010530

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high morbidity and mortality globally. It accounts for the majority of primary liver cancer cases. Amyloid precursor protein (APP), a cell membrane protein, plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, and has been found to be implicated in tumor growth and metastasis. Therefore, to understand the relationship between APP and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance in liver cancer, Cell Counting Kit-8, apoptosis and cell cycle assays, western blotting, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis were performed. The results demonstrated that APP expression in Bel7402-5-FU cells was significantly up-regulated, as compared with that in Bel7402 cells. Through successful construction of APP-silenced (siAPP) and overexpressed (OE) Bel7402 cell lines, data revealed that the Bel7402-APP751-OE cell line was insensitive, while the Bel7402-siAPP cell line was sensitive to 5-FU in comparison to the matched control group. Furthermore, APP overexpression decreased, while APP silencing increased 5-FU-induced apoptosis in Bel7402 cells. Mechanistically, APP overexpression and silencing can regulate the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and the expression of apoptotic suppressor genes (B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xl)). Taken together, these results preliminarily revealed that APP overexpression contributes to the resistance of liver cancer cells to 5-FU, providing a new perspective for drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/physiology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mitochondria/physiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , bcl-X Protein/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876227

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between adult tobacco use and health literacy, and to provide evidence for tobacco control intervention and health promotion. Methods By combining PPS method and KISH table method, the 2018 National Residents′ Health Literacy Monitoring Questionnaire was used to investigate the health literacy level and tobacco use, and the correlation between current smoking behavior and health literacy among residents aged 15-69 was analyzed by logistic regression. Results A total of 3 200 people were surveyed, and 3 185 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective rate of 99.53%.The current smoking rate of people with scientific health literacy, infectious disease prevention literacy, safety and first aid literacy, basic medical literacy and health information literacy was lower than those without (P < 0.05).The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the current smoking rate of males was higher than that of females (OR=25.900, 95%CI:17.018-39.416).The current smoking rates in groups aged 25-69 were higher than those in groups aged 15-24 (OR=4.956-9.178, 95%CI:1.179-37.940).The current smoking rates of workers, employees of other enterprises and other professionals were higher than those of employees of government institutions (OR=1.488-1.913, 95%CI:1.082-3.055).People without basic medical literacy had a higher smoking rate than those with basic medical and health literacy (OR=1.366, 95%CI:1.057-1.765). Conclusion From now on, we should carry out health literacy promotion and tobacco control propaganda for key groups, improve the level of basic medical and health literacy and reduce the smoking rate.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873509

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA SFTA1P in non small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) and its biological function in NSCLC cell lines. Methods Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of SFTA1P in 18 pairs of NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The expression of SFTA1P was detected by qRT-PCR in five different NSCLC cell lines ( A549,SPCA1,H460,H1975 and H1299) and one normal lung epithelial cell line ( HBE) . The overexpression vector of SFTA1P was designed and constructed. The overex- pressed cell line was constructed by transfection,the effects of overexpression of SFTA1P on proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK-8 assay and transwell assay. Results The expression of SFTA1P in NSCLC tissues was lower than that of adjacent normal tissues ( t = 2. 158,P = 0. 043) . SFTA1P expression was detected in 5 strains of NSCLC cell lines and normal lung epithelial cell line. The expression of SFTA1P was the lowest in A549 and H460 cell lines ( t = 5. 769,P = 0. 004; t = 5. 772,P= 0. 004) ,and the highest in H1299 and H1975 cell lines ( t = 22. 248,P<0. 001; t = 11. 814,P <0. 001) . SFTA1P overexpression cell models were successfully constructed using A549 and H460 cell lines( all P<0.05) . The overexpression of SFTA1P could inhibit proliferation,invasion and migration of H460 and A549 cells ( ( all P < 0. 05) . Conclusions SFTA1P can affect the biological functions of NSCLC cells by inhibiting the proliferation,migration and invasion. SFTA1P may play a role as a tumor suppressor gene in tumorigenesis and development.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871636

ABSTRACT

Objective:Since December 2019, novel coronavirus infection has occurred in Hubei province and spread throughout the country quickly. This new crown viral pneumonia was named as coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) by WHO. However, at present, there is a high incidence of acute aortic dissection in winter and spring. How to prevent the spread of the epidemic and choose the appropriate treatment is an important topic for the patients with acute aortic dissection.Methods:From January 16, 2020 to February 26, 2020, a total of 37 of acute aortic dissection operations were carried out in several cardiovascular surgery centers in Hubei Province. There were 18 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection and 19 cases of Stanford type B aortic dissection. There were 10 cases (55.55%) with ascending aorta replacement and 7 cases (38.89%) with Bentall procedure for aortic root surgery, and total arch replacement with stented elephant trunk implantation were performed in 14 cases (77.8%). In 19 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection, thoracic endovascular aortic repair was performed, with the left subclavian artery chimney technique in 2 cases.Results:No deaths occurred within 30 days of hospitalization. Preoperative nucleic acid testing excluded 7 cases of novel coronavirus infection, and 3 suspected cases underwent emergency surgery. the three-level protective standard was adopted in the majority of the surgeries(62.2%, 23/37), and 11 patients were negative in the reexamination of viral nucleic acid after the operation.Conclusion:During the epidemic period, patients with acute aortic dissection should be carefully identified with actife COVID-19 before surgery. The treatment principles-" prevention and control of pneumonia epidemic should be emphasized, conservative medical management should be taken in the comfirmed cases, the selective operation should be delayed as far as possible, and the operation should be reasonable performed in critical cases" should be followed, which can save patients' lives to the greatest extent and prevent the spread of the virus.

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