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Protein & Cell ; (12): 240-260, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880931


Metabolic regulation has been proven to play a critical role in T cell antitumor immunity. However, cholesterol metabolism as a key component of this regulation remains largely unexplored. Herein, we found that the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), which has been previously identified as a transporter for cholesterol, plays a pivotal role in regulating CD8

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 183-187, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745571


Objective To evaluate changes of the urodynamics of extraperitoneal Studer orthotropic ileal neobladder after radical cystectomy.Methods Between July 2013 and October 2017,Retrospective analysis was performed on 58 bladder cancer patients.58 patients who underwent retrograde extraperitoneal approach of radical cystectomy and Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder.The patients were comprised of 56 male and 2 female patients with average age of 62 years.There were 9 cases of T1,26 cases of T2,20 cases of T3,and 3 cases of T4.All operations were completed by open suprapubic extraperitoneal approach,then entered the abdominal cavity.An ileal segment 50-55 cm long was isolated which was 25 cm proximal to the ileocecum.The 35-40 cm ileal segment was detubularized along its antimesenteric border.The anterior wall was folded forward with U-shaped and the edges were sutured to formed a neobladder.The proximal 15cm was reserved for the double isoperistaltic afferent limb.The lowest part of the neobladder was anastomosed with urethral stump,the peritoneum was closed at the mesentery,and the neobladder was completely placed extraperitoneal.Upper urinary tract function was examined by renal function test,enhanced CT,IVU or cystography.Uroflowmetry,urodynamic evaluation,diurnal and nocturnal continence were performed at 3,6,12,24 months following the surgery.Results After removed of the catheter,all patients were able to urinate through the urethra.The 3,6,12,24 month follow-up data of urodynamic were compared.The maximum neobladder capacity was[(378 ±66) vs.(381 ± 102)vs.(438 ± 75)vs.(472 ±96)] ml,the maximum flow rate [(10.2 ± 2.8) vs.(14.9 ± 4.3) vs.(16.4 ± 3.6) vs.(17.6 ± 2.1)] ml/s,maximum bladder pressure during filling was [(23.0 ± 4.6) vs.(21.7 ± 7.1) vs.(20.6 ± 6.4) vs.(18.8 ±6.3)] cmH2 O,the PVR was[(68.0 ± 33.2) vs.(36.2 ± 10.1) vs.(30.6 ± 11.9) vs.(14.0 t 9.6)] ml.There were significant differences between the 6-month and 12-month.There were no significant differences in the maximum bladder pressure during flowing [(38.6 ± 7.4) vs.(49.2 ± 6.8) vs.(58.4 ± 10.5) vs.(56.8 ± 7.4)] cmH2O.53 cases were followed up 12 months after surgery.Excellent daytime and nighttime continence was 98% (52/53)and 83 % (44/53)in the first year.Mild unilateral hydronephrosis occurred in 2 cases 1 month after surgery.Blood electrolytes and renal function were within the normal range.1 case presented bilateral mild hydronephrosis 12 months after surgery,without bladder and ureter regurgitation.The blood electrolyte and renal function of the other patients were in normal range with no signs of ureteral stricture and upper urinary tract hydronephrosis.Conclusions Extraperitoneal Studer orthotopic ileal neobladder reduced the interference of postoperative intraperitoneal intestinal tract on neobladder function.Postoperative patients have a smooth urination,a safe pressure during the storage period.The urination period,and the function of day and night urinary control is close to normal physiological characteristics.

Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 294-299, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752857


Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Ca2+ /calmodulin - dependent kinase II (CaMKII)γ RNA interference on the expression of nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1(NFATc1),tyrosine kinase(c-Src)and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP)genes,and its role and molecular mechanism in osteoclast differentiation. Methods The CaMKII γ RNA interference vector was constructed by lentivirus and transfected into RAW264. 7 cells. The experiment was di-vided into three groups:A,B and C,which were the control group,negative vector group and interference vector group. After transfec-tion for 12 hours,osteoclasts induced by 50 ng/mL RANKL and the cells were harvested after induction for 5 days. Real-time quanti-tative PCR,Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src genes in three groups. Results The mRNA levels of NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src in the group C decreased by 49. 86% ,43. 65% and 53. 57% ,re-spectively(P<0. 001),and the protein levels decreased by 54. 22% ,46. 75% and 45. 86% ,respectively(P<0. 001). There was no significant difference between the A and the B groups(P>0. 05). The fluorescence intensity of the above genes in the group C was significantly weaker than that in the A and B groups,and the formation of osteoclasts was significantly less than that in the A and B groups. Conclusion CaMKIIγ RNA interference significantly inhibited the expression of NFATc1,TRAP and c-Src genes,sugges-ting that CaMKIIγ plays a key regulatory role in osteoclast differentiation.

Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 325-329, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510533


Objective To explore effects of human embryonic stem cells ( hESCs) on proliferation, invasion and migration of SK-Hep1 human hepatoma cells in the co-culture of micro environmen of hESCs and SK-Hep1 . Methods Single cultured SK-Hep1 cells were served as control group while SK-Hep1 which non-contact co-cul-tured with hESCs was regarded as experimental group .The proliferation ability of SK-Hep1 was measured by MTT method; invasion and migration ability of SK-Hep1 cells were detected by Transwell chamber method;the nucle-us variation and cell apoptosis of SK-Hep1 were detected by Hoechst33258 chromosome and flow cytometry. Results The proliferation of SK-Hep1 cells in the experimental group was obviously inhibited as compared with control group ( P<0.05 );the number of SK-Hep1 cells which passed through the Transwell chambers were sig-nificantly reduced as compared with control group in invasion and migration experiment ( P <0.05 ); more nucleus pycnosis and deformation appeared in experimental group than that in control group .And apoptosis rate of SK-Hep1 cells in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of in the control group ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusions Human embryonic stem cells have inhibitory effect on human hepatoma cell line SK-Hep1 .

Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 864-868, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617443


Objective:To study the inhibitory effect of human embryonic stem cells on the HepG2 cells in vitro.Methods:The co-culture system of Human embryonic stem cells (H9) and liver cancer HepG2 cells was established.The effect of H9 on the biological behavior of HepG2 cells was observed by microscope,the flow cytometry was used to detcct the apoptosis of tumor cells and the cell cycle alteration.Transwell assay was used to detect the migration and invasion of tumor cells.Gene microarray technique was used to examine the change of gene expression profile of HepG2 cells.Results:In the process of co-culture,the growth of hepatoma cells was inhibited.With the extension of the culture time,cells decreased gradually,and occurred signs of aging or apoptosis.Flow cytometry test results showed that the apoptosis rate of hepatoma ceils was significantly increased,and the cell cycle was blocked in the G0/G1 phase.Transwell test results showed that the invasion and migration of HepG2 cells were decreased.The gene chip results showed that the whole genome expression profile of HepG2 cells had a significant change.Conclusion:The human embryonic stem cells had an inhibitory effect on HepG2 cells in vitro.

Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 36-38, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460746


Objective To summarize the perioperative experience of nursing recipients undergoing adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (A-ALDLT). Method Twenty-five cases of recipients undergoing A-ALDLT were retrospectively analyzed for summarization of perioperative nursing. Results All operations on the patients were successful with an average time of (5.5 ± 0.5)h. Two cases developed with postoperative bile leakage and another two with postoperative pleural effusion, all cured after treatment. Conclusions Perioperative nursing is one important factor of elements to guarantee the success of A-ALDLT. The actively and effectively perioperative nursing measures are the important insurance for the recipients′recovery from graft operation.