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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 612-617, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012831

ABSTRACT

AIM:To compare the differences, correlations and consistency of IOL Master 700 or Lenstar LS900 in preoperative ocular biometry and the accuracy of intraocular lens(IOL)degree calculation of cataract patients with high myopia.METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 136 cases(136 eyes)of high myopia and cataract patients who underwent phacoemulsification at the ophthalmology department of Army Medical Center of PLA from March 2021 to March 2023 were collected, with a mean age of 57.38±8.08 years. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on axial length(AL): 41 eyes in group A(26 mm≤ AL ≤28 mm), 43 eyes in group B(28 mm< AL ≤30 mm)and 52 eyes in group C(AL >30 mm). AL, mean keratometry(Km), anterior chamber depth(ACD), lens thickness(LT)and white-to-white(WTW)were preoperatively measured by two instruments, respectively. Barrett Universal II formula was used to calculate the IOL degrees of all patients, the appropriate reserved diopter was decided individually, and the prediction error(PE)and absolute error(AE)of the two instruments were compared.RESULTS:The AL and ACD of patients in the three groups measured by Lenstar LS900 were higher than the AL measurd by IOL Master 700(all P<0.05), with a difference of AL measured by the two devices: group C>group B>group A. However, there was no statistical significance in LT, Km, and WTW measured by the two instruments(all P>0.05). All biometric parameters measured by the two devices were positively correlated(all r>0.9, P<0.05), and consistent(95% LoA of all groups were narrow). There was no statistically significant difference in AE calculated by the two devices(P>0.05), but the IOL Master 700 calculated a smaller PE than Lenstar LS900(P<0.05), with lower percentage of hyperopic shift in IOL Master 700.CONCLUSION:In cataract patients with high myopia, AL measured by Lenstar LS900 is longer than that by IOL Master 700, and the differences of AL increase along with the growth of AL. Both devices have a good prediction for IOL calculation, but IOL Master 700 has less refractive error, lower percentage of hyperopic shift, and greater clinical advantages IOL Master 700.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 578-583, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012576

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effects of the curcumin derivative bisdemethoxycurcumin (BC) promoting neuronal differentiation of neuroblastoma cells Neuro-2a (N2a) in mice and its mechanism. METHODS The effects of BC (1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 μmol/L) on the viability of N2a cells were detected by MTT assay to determine the concentration range of drug treatment. The control group, retinoic acid (RA) group (10 μmol/L) and BC groups (1, 2 and 4 μmol/L) were set up, and the length of neural protrusions of the differentiated cells was measured and the cell differentiation rate was calculated after 48 h and 72 h of culture. Compared with 0 min group, Western blot was used to detect the phosphorylation levels of protein kinase B (Akt), extracellular- signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) proteins in cells treated by 4 μmol/L BC for 5, 15, 30, 60, 120 min. After intervention with inhibitors LY294002 (LY) and PD98059 (PD), the effects of BC on Akt and ERK1/2 protein phosphorylation levels and promoting neural differentiation were further validated. RESULTS According to the MTT experiment, the BC concentrations for subsequent induction of cell differentiation were determined to be 1, 2, and 4 μmol/L. After 48 hours of differentiation, compared with the control group, the cell differentiation rate in RA group and BC 1, 2 and 4 μmol/L groups, the length of cellular neural processes wjxhhxx413@163.com in the BC 4 μmol/L group significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01);after inducing differentiation of BC for 72 hours,compared with the control group, the cell differentiation rate and the length of cellular neural processes in the RA group, the cell differentiation rate in the BC 4 μmol/L group, and the length of cellular neural processes in the BC 2 μmol/L group all significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Compared with the 0 min group, the phosphorylation levels of Akt, ERK1/2, and p38 proteins in cells of the 5, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min groups increased to varying degrees after treated by 4 μmol/L BC, and some differences were statistically significant (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After adding the inhibitor LY/PD, compared with the BC group, the phosphorylation level of ERK1/2 protein in the PD+BC group cells were significantly reduced (P<0.01), and the cell differentiation rates in the LY group, LY+BC group, PD group, and PD+BC group was significantly reduced (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS BC promotes N2a cell differentiation mainly by increasing cell differentiation rate and neural protrusion length. The mechanism may be related to the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase/ ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970572

ABSTRACT

The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to conduct the qualitative analysis of the monoterpene chemical components from Paeoniae Radix Rubra. Gradient elution was performed on C_(18) HD(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.5 μm) column with a mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid(A) and acetonitrile(B). The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 30 ℃. MS analysis was conducted in both positive and negative ionization modes using electrospray ionization(ESI) source. Qualitative Analysis 10.0 was used for data processing. The identification of chemical components was realized by the combination of standard compounds, fragmentation patterns, and mass spectra data reported in the literature. Forty-one monoterpenoids in Paeoniae Radix Rubra extract were identified. Among them, 8 compounds were reported in Paeoniae Radix Rubra for the first time and 1 was presumed to be the new compound 5″-O-methyl-galloylpaeoniflorin or its positional isomer. The method in this study realizes the rapid identification of monoterpenoids from Paeoniae Radix Rubra and provides a material and scientific basis for quality control and further study on the pharmaceutical effect of Paeoniae Radix Rubra.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Monoterpenes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970540

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents in soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum were separated and purified by various chromatographic methods. Based on the spectral data, physicochemical properties, and comparison with the data reported in the literature, nine cembranoids, including a new cembranoid named sefsarcophinolide(1) together with eight known cembranoids, namely(+)-isosarcophine(2), sarcomilitatin D(3), sarcophytonolide J(4),(1S,3E,7E,13S)-11,12-epoxycembra-3,7,15-triene-13-ol(5), sarcophytonin B(6),(-)-eunicenone(7), lobophytin B(8), and arbolide C(9), were identified. As revealed by biological activity experiment results, compounds 2-6 had weak acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity, and compound 5 displayed weak cytotoxicity against K562 tumor cell line.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthozoa , Acetylcholinesterase , Cell Line, Tumor
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015651

ABSTRACT

Multiple organs are physiologically and pathologically interconnected during aging, and the brain plays a central role in this process. There is a direct two-way communication between the brain and the gut called “brain-gut interaction”, which is of great significance for the study of aging, and the molecular mechanism remains to be further studied. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of aging in the context of brain-gut interaction. The results of general physical signs of mice showed that the amount of exercise decreased, body weight and food intake decreased significantly in aged mice (P < 0. 001, P<0. 05). The thymus index of aged mice was significantly lower than that of normal mice (P< 0. 05), and the thymic pathological results showed that the thymic cortex of aging mice was thinner, the boundary between medulla and cortex was blurred, and the cells were loosely arranged. Metabolomics analysis revealed 317 differential metabolites in feces and 100 differential metabolites in hippocampus. The results of microbiome showed that Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes were the dominant phyla of gut microbiota. Bacteroidetes showed an upward trend and Firmicutes showed a downward trend after aging. KEGG pathway results showed that 26 metabolic pathways were related to the study of aging, among which galactose metabolism, ABC transporter and purine metabolism were of great significance for the brain-gut interaction. The results of Spearman correlation analysis of the three groups showed that the types of metabolites involved were mainly lipids and lipid-like molecules and organic acids and derivatives, and the gut microbiota involved were mainly Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the synergistic changes between brain and gut in aging mice were related to the mechanism of aging, which provided new insights into the mechanism of aging process.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014631

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the improvement effect and mechanism of crocin on cognitive impairmrnt of Alzheimer's disease (AD) rats. METHODS: The hippocampus of SD rats were injected with Aβ 25-35 to establish AD model, then rats were randomly divided into AD group, AD + low, medium, high dose of crocin groups (10, 20, 40 mg/kg) and AD + donepezil group (1 mg/kg), intraperitoneal injection treatment for 4 weeks, set sham group. Dark avoidance test and water maze test were used to evaluate the learning and memory abilities of rats, ELISA was used to detect serum Aβ content, HE staining and Tunel staining were used to determine pathological changes and neuronal apoptosis of hippocampus of rats, immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Brdu, Dcx and NeuN in hippocampus of rats, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of Aβ, DKK3, β-catenin, p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β, Caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2 in hippocampus of rats. RESULTS: Compared to sham group, the learning and memory abilities of AD group rats were decreased, serum Aβ content increased, the pathological change in hippocampus was serious, neuronal apoptosis was increased, the expression of Brdu, Dcx, NeuN were decreased, the protein expression of Aβ, DKK3, p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β, Caspase-3, Bax were increased, protein expression of β-catenin, Bcl-2 were decreased (P<0.01). Compared to AD group, after the treatment of doses of crocin and donepezil, the learning and memory abilities of AD rats were improved, serum Aβ content were increased, and the pathological change in hippocampus were alleviated, neuronal apoptosis were reduced, the expression of Brdu, Dcx, NeuN were decreased, the protein expression of Aβ, DKK3, p-GSK-3β/ GSK-3β, Caspase-3, Bax were decreased, the protein expression of β-catenin, Bcl-2 were increased, notely, dose-dependent effect of crocin was significant. CONCLUSION: Crocin reduced neuronal apoptosis and mediated DKK3 to regulate GSK-3β/ β-catenin pathway to improve the cognitive impairment of AD rats.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1478-1484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013742

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of dapagliflozin on the small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel 2 (SK2 channel) protein in the myocardium of diabetic rats and its possible mechanism of action. Methods In vivo: type 2 diabetes model was established by high-glucose and high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin (35 mg

8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 339-344, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981949

ABSTRACT

The process of semen collection plays a key role in the quality of semen specimens. However, the association between semen collection time and semen quality is still unclear. In this study, ejaculates by masturbation from 746 subfertile men or healthy men who underwent semen analysis were examined. The median (interquartile range) semen collection time for all participants was 7.0 (5.0-11.0) min, and the median time taken for semen collection was lower in healthy men than that in subfertile men (6.0 min vs 7.0 min). An increase in the time required to produce semen samples was associated with poorer semen quality. Among those undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART), the miscarriage rate was positively correlated with the semen collection time. After adjusting for confounders, the highest quartile (Q4) of collection time was negatively associated with semen volume and sperm concentration. A longer time to produce semen samples (Q3 and Q4) was negatively correlated with progressive and total sperm motility. In addition, there was a significant negative linear association between the semen collection time and the sperm morphology. Higher risks of asthenozoospermia (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.06, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31-3.25, P = 0.002) and teratozoospermia (adjusted OR = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.10-3.55, P = 0.02) were observed in Q3 than those in Q1. Our results indicate that a higher risk of abnormal semen parameter values was associated with an increase in time for semen collection, which may be related to male fertility through its association with semen quality.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Semen Analysis , Semen , Sperm Motility , Sperm Count , Asthenozoospermia , Spermatozoa
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical technique and effectiveness of titanium elastic nail (TEN) assisted retrograde channel screw implantation of superior pubic branch.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 patients with pelvic or acetabular fractures treated with retrograde channel screw implantation in superior pubic branch between January 2021 and April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 16 cases were implanted with assistance of TEN (study group) and 15 cases were implanted under the guidance of C-arm X-ray machine (control group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, Tile classification of pelvic fracture, Judet-Letournal classification of acetabular fracture, and time from injury to operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, fluoroscopy times, and intraoperative blood loss of each superior pubic branch retrograde channel screw were recorded during operation. X-ray films and three-dimensional CT were reexamined after operation, the quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta score standard, and the position of channel screw was evaluated by screw position classification standard. The fracture healing time was recorded during the follow-up, and the postoperative functional recovery was evaluated by Merle D'Aubigne Postel score system at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen and 20 retrograde channel screws of superior pubic branch were implanted in the study group and the control group, respectively. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, and intraoperative blood loss of each screw in the study group were significantly less than those in the control group ( P<0.05). According to the postoperative X-ray films and three-dimensional CT, none of the 19 screws in the study group penetrated out of the cortical bone or into the joint, and the excellent and good rate was 100% (19/19); in the control group, there were 4 screws of cortical bone penetration, and the excellent and good rate was 80% (16/20); the difference between the two groups was significant ( P<0.05). Matta score standard was used to evaluate the quality of fracture reduction, there was no patient in the two groups with poor reduction results, and the difference was not significant between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incisions of the two groups healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as incision infection, skin margin necrosis, and deep infection. All patients were followed up 8-22 months, with an average of 14.7 months. There was no significant difference in healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the difference in functional recovery evaluated by the Merle D'Aubigne Postel scoring system between the two groups was not significant ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TEN assisted implantation technique can significantly shorten the operation time of retrograde channel screw implantation of superior pubic branch, reduce the times of fluoroscopy, and have less intraoperative blood loss and accurate screw implantation, which provides a new safe and reliable method for minimally invasive treatment of pelvic and acetabular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Bone Screws , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Hip Fractures
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981316

ABSTRACT

As arsenic widely exists in nature and has been used in the pharmaceutical preparations, the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) with arsenic include realgar(As_2S_2 or As_4S_4), orpiment(As_2S_3), and white arsenic(As_2O_3). Among the above representative medicine, the TCM compound formulas with realgar are utilized extensively. Just in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), there are 37 Chinese patent medicines including realgar. The traditional element analysis focuses on the detection of the total amount of elements, which neglects the study on the speciation and valence of elements. The activity, toxicity, bioavailability, and metabolic pathways of arsenic in vivo are closely related to the existence of its form, and different forms of arsenic have different effects on organisms. Therefore, the study on the speciation and valence of arsenic is of great importance for arsenic-containing TCMs and their compound formulas. This paper reviewed four aspects of the speciation and valence of arsenic, including property, absorption and metabolism, toxicity, and analytical assay.


Subject(s)
Arsenic/analysis , Arsenicals/analysis , Sulfides , Arsenic Trioxide , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Biological Products
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1017-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973797

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the difference and consistency of corneal refractive power and astigmatism measured by CASIA2 and IOL Master 700 in patients with age-related cataract.METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 153 patients(232 eyes)with age-related cataract admitted to Daping hospital from November to December 2021 were selected. The flat keratometry(Kf), steep keratometry(Ks), mean keratometry(Km), degree and axis of astigmatism(vector representation J0 and J45)of the anterior, posterior surfaces together with the total cornea from cataract patients were measured by CASIA2 and IOL Master 700, respectively. The difference, correlation and consistency of the two instruments were analyzed.RESULTS:There was no significant difference in J45 values of posterior corneal surface measured by CASIA2 and IOL Master 700(-0.006±0.038D vs. -0.005±0.044D, P&#x003E;0.05), but there were significant differences in other parameters(all P&#x003C;0.05). All parameters measured by the two instruments were significantly positive correlated(all r/rs&#x003E;0.7, P&#x003C;0.001); Bland-Altman analysis showed that the refractive power and astigmatism of the anterior cornea surface measured by the two facilities were in good consistency, while the refractive power of the posterior surface and the whole cornea showed poor consistency.CONCLUSION: CASIA2 and IOL Master 700 showed little differences and good consistency in the refractive power and astigmatism of the anterior, posterior and total corneal surface in cataract patients, which seems interchangeable. However, the refractive power of the posterior surface and the whole cornea has significant differences and poor consistency, which should not be interchange casually.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 843-847, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972413

ABSTRACT

Since the advent of artificial intelligence(AI), it has been increasingly applied and rapidly developed in various fields. In the field of medicine, image features can be automatically extracted and the performance of feature learning and classification can be completed with the help of AI. In the field of ocular fundus disease, AI can give a diagnosis of age-related maculopathy by analyzing and identifying fundus photography and optical coherence tomography with an accuracy rate similar to that of ophthalmologists. In the future, AI may assist physicians in making a diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration, aid basic hospital in screening and curb its progression in the early stage of the disease. However, the technique has problems such as uncertain model recognition performance, opaque operation process, and excessive amount of clinical data required, which still cannot be widely used in the clinic. In recent years, a lot of research has been done in China in the application of deep learning with AI to assist diagnosis of ophthalmic diseases, and the results show that AI combined with imaging analysis of ophthalmic diseases has such characteristics as objectivity, efficiency and accuracy. In this article, studies on deep learning in the auxiliary diagnosis of age-related maculopathy are reviewed, and the progress on its application and the limitations that exist are analyzed, so as to provide more information on the use and extension of AI in this disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different manners of heat exposure on thoracic aorta injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Normal 6 to 7-week-old male SHRs were randomized into control group (cage at room temperature), intermittent heat exposure group (SHR-8 group, exposed to 32 ℃ for 8 h daily for 7 days) and SHR-24 group (with continuous exposure to 32 ℃ for 7 days). After the treatments, the pathologies of the thoracic aorta of the rats were observed with HE staining, and the expressions of Beclin1, LC3B and p62 were detected with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay; TUNEL staining was used to observe cell apoptosis in the thoracic aorta, and the expressions of caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were detected using Western blotting. The effects of intraperitoneal injections of 3-MA (an autophagy agonist), rapamycin (an autophagy inhibitor) or compound C 30 min before intermittent heat exposure on the expressions of proteins associated with autophagy, apoptosis and the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway in the aorta were examined with immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#In SHR-8 group, the rats showed incomplete aortic intima with disordered cell distribution and significantly increased expressions of Beclin1, LC3II/LC3I and Bax, lowered expressions of p62 and Bcl-2, and increased apoptotic cells in the thoracic aorta (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with 3-MA obviously inhibited the expressions of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins, whereas rapamycin promoted their expressions. Compared with the control group, the rats in SHR-8 group had significantly down-regulated p-mTOR and up-regulated p-AMPK and p-ULK1 expression of in the aorta; Treatment with compound C obviously lowered the expressions of p-AMPK and p-ULK1 and those of LC3B and Beclin1 as well.@*CONCLUSION@#In SHRs, intermittent heat exposure causes significant pathologies and promotes autophagy and apoptosis in the thoracic aorta possibly by activating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Aorta, Thoracic , Beclin-1 , Hot Temperature , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Apoptosis , Aortic Diseases , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970625

ABSTRACT

To compare the pancreatic proteomics and autophagy between Rehmanniae Radix-and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata-treated mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). The T2DM mouse model was established by high-fat diet coupled with streptozotocin(STZ, intraperitoneal injection, 100 mg·kg~(-1), once a day for three consecutive days). The mice were then randomly assigned into a control group, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) catalpol groups, low-(5 g·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(15 g·kg~(-1)) Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata groups, low-(150 mg·kg~(-1)) and high-dose(300 mg·kg~(-1)) 5-hydroxymethyl furfuraldehyde(5-HMF) groups, and a metformin(250 mg·kg~(-1)) group. In addition, a normal group was also set and each group included 8 mice. The pancreas was collected after four weeks of administration and proteomics tools were employed to study the effects of Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata on protein expression in the pancreas of T2DM mice. The expression levels of proteins involved in autophagy, inflammation, and oxidative stress response in the pancreatic tissues of T2DM mice were determined by western blotting, immunohistochemical assay, and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that the differential proteins between the model group and Rehmanniae Radix/Rehmanniae Radix Prae-parata group were enriched in 7 KEGG pathways, such as autophagy-animal, which indicated that the 7 pathways may be associated with T2DM. Compared with the control group, drug administration significantly up-regulated the expression levels of beclin1 and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin(p-mTOR)/mTOR and down-regulated those of the inflammation indicators, Toll-like receptor-4(TLR4) and Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), in the pancreas of T2DM mice, and Rehmanniae Radix showed better performance. In addition, the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2), and heine oxygenase-1(HO-1) in the pancreas of T2DM mice were down-regulated after drug administration, and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata demonstrated better performance. The results indicate that both Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata can alleviate the inflammatory symptoms, reduce oxidative stress response, and increase the autophagy level in the pancreas of T2DM mice, while they exert the effect on different autophagy pathways.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Streptozocin/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Proteomics , Inflammation , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Autophagy , Mammals
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of ultrasonic bone curette in anterior cervical spine surgery.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 63 patients with cervical spondylosis who were admitted between September 2019 and June 2021 and met the selection criteria was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 32 cases were operated with conventional instruments (group A) and 31 cases with ultrasonic bone curette (group B). There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) in gender, age, surgical procedure, surgical segment and number of occupied cervical space, disease type and duration, comorbidities, and preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, cervical dysfunction index (NDI), and pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage, postoperative hospital stay, and the occurrence of postoperative complications were recorded in both groups. Before operation and at 1, 3, and 6 months after operation, the JOA score and NDI were used to evaluate the function and the postoperative JOA improvement rate was calculated, and VAS score was used to evaluate the pain improvement. The anteroposterior and lateral cervical X-ray films were taken at 1, 3, and 6 months after operation to observe whether there was any significant loosening and displacement of internal fixators.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, group B had shorter operation time and postoperative hospital stay, less intraoperative bleeding and postoperative drainage, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). All incisions healed by first intention in the two groups, and postoperative complications occurred in 5 cases (15.6%) in group A and 2 cases (6.5%) in group B, showing no significant difference (P>0.05). All patients were followed up 6-12 months (mean, 7.9 months). The JOA score and improvement rate gradually increased in groups A and B after operation, while the VAS score and NDI gradually decreased. There was no significant difference in VAS score between 3 months and 1 month in group B (P>0.05), and there were significant differences between the other time points of each indicator in the two groups (P<0.05). At 1, 3, and 6 months after operation, the JOA score and improvement rate in group B were better than those in group A (P<0.05). X-ray films examination showed that there was no screw loosening or titanium plate displacement in the two groups after operation, and the intervertebral cage or titanium mesh significantly sank.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional instruments, the use of ultrasonic bone curette assisted osteotomy in anterior cervical spine surgery has the advantages of shorter operation time, less intraoperative bleeding, less postoperative drainage, and shorter hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ultrasonics , Retrospective Studies , Titanium , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery
16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 106-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959027

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze clinical prognosis, risk factors and predictive indexes of hyperkalemia in recipients after heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 158 recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the serum potassium levels within postoperative 1-year follow-up, all recipients were divided into the normal serum potassium level group (n=83), hyperkalemia group (n=43) and severe hyperkalemia group (n=32). The incidence and prognosis of hyperkalemia after heart transplantation were summarized. The risk factors and predictive indexes of hyperkalemia after heart transplantation were identified. Results The incidence of hyperkalemia and severe hyperkalemia within postoperative 1 year was 47.5%(75/158) and 20.3%(32/158), respectively. In the severe hyperkalemia group, the fatality was 16%(5/32), higher than 8%(7/83) in the normal serum potassium level group and 7%(3/43) in the hyperkalemia group. The mean serum creatinine (Scr) within 6 months before heart transplantation, the final total bilirubin level before heart transplantation, postoperative hemodialysis time, the Scr level and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level at postoperative 1 d were the independent risk factors for hyperkalemia following heart transplantation (all P < 0.05). The mean Scr level within 6 months before heart transplantation, postoperative hemodialysis time, and Scr levels at postoperative 1 and 7 d could be used to predict postoperative severe hyperkalemia. Conclusions The recipients with severe hyperkalemia after heart transplantation obtain poor prognosis. The mean Scr level within 6 months before heart transplantation, the final total bilirubin level before heart transplantation, postoperative hemodialysis time, and the Scr level and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level at postoperative 1 d are the independent risk factors for hyperkalemia after heart transplantation. Perioperative Scr level and postoperative hemodialysis time may be used to predict the incidence of severe hyperkalemia within 1 year after heart transplantation.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 56-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959020

ABSTRACT

Pediatric heart transplantation is the standard treatment for children complicated with refractory heart failure which is difficult to be treated by conventional surgery or drugs. At present, an increasing quantity of pediatric heart transplantation is being performed worldwide, whereas relevant experience is still lacking in China. In recent 10 years, significant progress has been achieved in pediatric heart transplantation. On one hand, the number of pediatric heart transplantation has been increased year by year. On the other hand, ABO-incompatible heart transplantation, application of ventricular assist device in children, and recipient-donor weight mismatch transplantation have been widely employed to resolve the shortage of donor heart in pediatric heart transplantation. However, relevant experience of pediatric heart transplantation is lacking in China, especially in understanding the indications of pediatric heart transplantation and the application of specific strategies for pediatric heart transplantation, etc. In this article, the development history, advances in therapeutic strategy and clinical prognosis of pediatric heart transplantation were reviewed.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance(CMR)or detecting the occurrence of acute rejection(AR)after heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From 2019 to 2021, 44 HT recipients are prospectively recruited from Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital.Another 51 healthy volunteers are recruited from a local community as healthy controls.CMR studies are performed for obtaining baseline parameters.According to the clinicopathological diagnostic criteria of AR by the consensus of International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, 81 CMR studies of 44 HT recipients are further divided into two groups of AR (18 cases)and non-AR(71 cases). CMR parameters includ global ventricular structure/function, T2, T1, extracellular volume(ECV)and late gadolinium enhancement(LGE). A combined model is established by binary Logistic regression and receiver operator characteristic curve(ROC)constructed.Results:The age range is(41.8±16.8)years in 44 HT recipients and(41.8±9.7)years in 51 healthy controls.T1 mapping indicated that myocardial global ECV of left ventricle is significantly higher in AR patients than non-AR controls(32.4%±6.0% vs 28.5%±2.4%; P<0.001 9). Global native T1 is higher in AR group than that in non-AR group(49.8±3.1 vs 47.5±2.8 ms, P=0.009)and the difference is statistically significant.The cutoff value of global ECV is 30.62% with a sensitivity of 61% and a specificity of 86% for detecting AR.And T2 mapping reveale that T2 value of global left ventricle is significantly higher in AR group than that in non-AR group(49.8±3.1 vs 47.5±2.8 ms, P=0.009). LGE extent is significantly higher in AR group than those in non-AR group( P=0.004). Through including global native T1 and ECV into a logistic regression model, multiparametric CMR can yield an area under curve(AUC)of 0.794.It hints at the potential of CMR for detecting AR. Conclusions:Multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance offers an excellent predictive capacity for a noninvasive detection of AR.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors and follow-up outcomes of pediatric heart transplantation(HT).Methods:Between January 2018 and June 2022, perioperative data are retrospectively reviewed for 41 pediatric HT recipients aged <18 years and donor-recipient weight data for infants aged under 3 years at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital.Perioperative survivors are followed up until August 31, 2022 through out patient visits and telephone calls.Postoperative survivals are examined by Kaplan-Meier method and possible risk factors for perioperative survival identify with Logistic regression.Results:There are 22 boys and 19 girls with a median age of 120(58~138)months.After preoperative adjuvant therapy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO), 8 cases had a successful transition to HT and 2 children underwent ABO incompatible(ABOi)HT.Six children aged under 3 years had a donor-recipient weight ratio of 2.95.Among 17 children, there are one or more complications, including continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT, 9 cases, 21.95%), tracheotomy (3 cases, 7.32%), delayed chest closure or redo of sternotomy(6 cases, 14.63%)and acute graft dysfunction(4 cases, 9.76%). Five children died during perioperative period.The possible risk factors for perioperative mortality include preoperative ECMO assistance[ HR: 32.00, 95% CI: (2.83~361.79), P<0.05], preoperative CRRT[ HR: 11.33, 95% CI: (1.15~111.69), P<0.05] and total bilirubin [ HR: 1.02, 95% CI: (1.002~1.040), P<0.05]. During follow-ups, one child died from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease; another case of EBV-associated hepatic leiomyoma underwent transcatheter arterial embolization.With an overall survival rate of 85.37%, the cumulative survival rate is 96.97% for children without preoperative ECMO assistance( P<0.05). Postoperative mortality rate spiked markedly in children with preoperative ECMO assistance ( P=0.0013). However, follow-up results of perioperatively survivors indicate that preoperative usage of ECMO will not affect follow-up survival( P=0.53). In ABOi group or infants aged under 3 years, no mortality occurres postoperatively or during follow-ups. Conclusions:In infant aged under 3 years, the strategies of ABOi HT and large-weight donor HT are both safe and effective and it has no effect upon perioperative and follow-up survivals.Preoperative ECMO assistance, total bilirubin and preoperative use of CRRT are risk factors for perioperative survival.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960435

ABSTRACT

Background As a complex organic pollutant, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure shares the common exposure characteristics of multiple hydroxyl metabolites. Most studies have analyzed independent effect of each PAHs metabolite and have adjusted for the potential confounding effects induced by other metabolites concomitantly, without considering possible interactions among them. Proper statistical methods are needed to study their toxic effects. Objective To explore the applicability of logistic regression, weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression, and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) in evaluating the correlation between mixed exposures to exogenous chemicals and health outcomes, compare the advantages and limitations of the three models, and propose analytical strategies for evaluating the health effects of mixed chemical exposure for application in the analysis of the association between PAHs exposure and cognition. Methods Urine samples were collected of workers from a coke oven plant and a water treatment plant in Shanxi Province, who participated in their routine employee healthexamination. Mono-hydroxylated PAHs were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS), cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). A cut-off value of MoCA less than 26 was considered mild cognitive impairment (MCI). According to a predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 1 051 cases were included in the final data analysis. Logistic regression, WQS regression, and BKMR were used to analyze the relationship between PAHs metabolites and MCI. Results The prevalence rate of reporting MCI among the 1 051 workers was 21.7% (228/1 051). The concentration of 2-hydroxynathalene (2-OHNAP) was the highest among the 11 PAHs metabolites with a median concentration of 0.30 μg·L−1, followed by 9-hydroxyphenanthrene (9-OHPHE) (0.26 μg·L−1). There were significant differences between the two groups in 2-OHNAP, 1-hydroxynaphthalene (1-OHNAP), 2-hydroxyfluorene (2-OHFLU), 9-OHPHE, 1-hydroxyphenanthrene (1-OHPHE), and 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHPYR) (all Ps<0.05). In the logistic regression, 2-OHNAP and 2-OHPHE were associated with MCI, and the OR (95%CI) for reporting MCI was 1.28 (1.01-1.67) and 1.27 (1.00-1.72) for each 10-fold increase in 2-OHNAP and 2-OHPHE concentrations, respectively. In the WQS regression analysis, the WQS index was positively correlated with the prevalence rate of reporting MCI (OR=1.37, 95%CI: 1.10-1.72). In the BKMR analysis, compared with the median exposure levels of all chemicals, the overall effect was statistically significant when all PAHs metabolites concentrations were at or above their 30th percentile; when all exposures were at the 75th percentile, the risk of reporting MCI increased by 6%. Conclusion Based on the results of these three models, 2-OHNAP and 2-OHPHE are the most important factors related to cognitive. It is recommended to use a combination of traditional logistic regression and either WQS or BKMR to study the association between PAHs and MCI.

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