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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921776

ABSTRACT

The present study compared the appearance and chemical composition of fruits of Perilla frutescens var. arguta(PFA) and P. frutescens var. frutescens(PFF). VHX-6000 3 D depth of field synthesis technology was applied for the appearance observation. The metabolites were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by pre-column derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Finally, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were applied for exploring the differences in their chemical compositions. The results indicated that the size and color of PFA and PFF fruits were different. PFF fruits were significantly larger than PFA fruits. The surface color of PFA fruits was brown, while PFF fruits were in multiple colors, such as white, grayish-white, and brown. Amino acids, saccharides, organic acids, fatty acids, and phenolic acids were identified in PFA and PFF fruits. The results of CA, PCA, and OPLS-DA indicated significant differences in the content of components between PFA and PFF fruits. Three metabolites, including D-glucose, rosmarinic acid, and D-fructose, which were significantly higher in PFA fruits than in PFF fruits, were screened out as differential metabolites. Considering the regulation on the content of rosmarinic acid in Perillae Fructus in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), the medicinal value of PFA fruits is higher than that of PFF. In conclusion, there are differences in appearance and chemical composition between PFA fruits and PFF fruits. These results are expected to provide fundamental data for specifying plant source and quality control of Perillae Fructus.


Subject(s)
Fatty Acids , Fruit , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Perilla frutescens , Plant Extracts
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921552

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical phenotypes of brain metastatic carcinoma in Tibetan patients. Methods The clinical and pathological data of all patients with brain metastases from 2014 to 2020 in Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed,including 13 cases of brain metastatic carcinoma.All cases were diagnosed and classified by immunohistochemical staining. Results 13 cases(9 males and 4 females)of brain metastatic carcinoma,aged 26-62 years old,present with headache,dizziness,nausea and vomiting clinically.Four patients had a medical history of tumor,and among the 9 patients with no history of tumor,7 present space occupying lesions in both the brain and other organs.Imaging data could be found in 10 cases,including 4 cases of single lesion and 6 cases of multiple lesions.Primary tumors were identified in 11 cases(8 located in the lung,including 4 cases of adenocarcinoma,3 cases of small cell carcinoma,and 1 case of squamous cell carcinoma;1 case of urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis;1 case of thyroid papillary carcinoma;1 case of uterine choriocarcinoma),whereas the primary tumor was unknown for the other 2 cases(1 case of small cell carcinoma and 1 case of adenocarcinoma). Conclusions Brain metastatic carcinoma are more common among middle-aged and elderly people in Tibet.Most of the cases have no history of tumor,with the initial site at the brain metastatic lesions.The most common primary site is the lung,and the primary site of some cases is unknown.Multiple lesions are common in brain metastatic carcinoma,especially in the cerebral hemisphere.For older patients with multiple brain space occupying lesions,the possibility of brain metastatic carcinoma increases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Brain , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms , Tibet , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921536

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical expression of P504s,E-cadherin,erythroblast transformation-specific related gene(ERG)and estrogen receptor(ER)in prostate adenocarcinoma in Tibet.Methods The clinical data of 15 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma diagnosed by the Department of Pathology of Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from September 2013 to September 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.All patients were assigned to prognostic grade groups based on Gleason score according to the WHO 2016 criteria.Immunostaining of P504s,E-cadherin,ERG,and ER was performed.Results The age of all 15 patients ranged from 61 to 86 years.The serum prostate specific antigen(PSA)concentration was ≥20 ng/ml in 12 patients and<20 ng/ml in 3 patients.Among the 15 patients,11 underwent needle biopsy,1 transurethral resection of the prostate,and 3 radical prostatectomy.Prognostic grouping results revealed 5 cases in grade groups 1-3,4 cases in grade group 4,and 6 cases in grade group 5.Immunohistochemistrically,15 cases(100%)were positive for P504s,E-cadherin and PSA;one case(7%)was positive for ERG;all cases were negative for P63,ER and CK34βE12.Thirteen cases were followed up for 2-48 months,with 2 cases treated with total prostatectomy and 11 cases with non-surgical treatment.Two cases were lost to follow-up. Conclusions Prostate adenocarcinoma is rare relatively in Tibet.The accuracy of diagnosis can be improved by using multiple immunohistochemical markers.The cases of grades 4 and 5 by pathological confirmed are relatively common in Tibet.P504s and E-cadherin are highly expressed in prostate adenocarcinoma patients in Tibet,while ERG presents low expression,ER is unexpressed.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , Erythroblasts , Humans , Male , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Receptors, Estrogen , Retrospective Studies , Tibet , Transurethral Resection of Prostate
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3520-3534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921445

ABSTRACT

Along with the increasingly serious environmental pollution, dealing with the "white pollution" issue, which is caused by the worldwide use of not readily-degradable or non-degradable synthetic plastics, has become a great challenge. It is an environmentally friendly strategy to degrade synthetic plastics using microorganisms that exist in nature or evolved under selection pressure. Based on the NSFC-EU International Cooperation and Exchanges Project "Bio Innovation of a Circular Economy for Plastics", this review summarized the screening of bacteria, fungi and microbial consortia capable of degrading synthetic plastics such as polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane (PUR), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). We also analyzed the role of various microorganisms played in the degradation of petroleum-based plastics. Moreover, we discussed the pros and cons of using microorganisms and enzymes for degradation of synthetic plastics.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Microbial Consortia , Petroleum , Plastics , Polyurethanes
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915121

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the impact of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on fertility-sparing treatment in young patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) or endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC). @*Methods@#A total of 285 patients with EEC (n=76, FIGO stage IA, without myometrium invasion) or AEH (n=209) who received progestin-based fertility-sparing treatment were evaluated retrospectively. Among the 285 patients, 103 (36.1%), including 70 AEH cases and 33 EEC cases, were diagnosed with PCOS. General characteristics, cumulative 16- and 32-week complete response (CR) rate, pregnancy outcome and recurrence were compared between patients with or without PCOS. @*Results@#The cumulative 16-week CR rate was lower in the PCOS group than in the non-PCOS group (18.4% vs. 33.8%, p=0.006). Patients with PCOS took longer treatment duration to achieve CR (7.0 months vs. 5.4 months, p=0.006) and shorter time to relapse after CR (9.6 months vs. 17.6 months, p=0.040) compared with non-PCOS group. After adjusting for patient age, body mass index, PCOS, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, and serum testosterone levels, we found that body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 (HR=0.583; 95% CI=0.365–0.932; p=0.024) and PCOS (HR=0.545; 95% CI=0.324–0.917; p=0.022) were significantly correlated with lower 16-week CR rate. @*Conclusion@#PCOS was associated with lower 16-week CR rate, longer treatment duration and shorter recurrence interval in patients with AEH or EEC receiving fertility-preserving treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of echinococcosis in Serthar County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide insights into optimization of echinococcosis control measures. Methods The prevalence of human echinococcosis was surveyed among permanent residents living in Serthar County at ages of over 2 years from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was surveyed in owned dogs, yaks and rodents in 2019. The epidemiological features of echinococcosis in humans and animals were descriptively analyzed. Results The overall prevalence of human echinococcosis was 3.72% (1 613/43 362) in Serthar County from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence rates of cystic echinococcosis, alveolar echinococcosis and mixed infections of cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis were 1.72% (745/43 362), 1.98% (860/43 362) and 0.02% (8/43 362), respectively. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was higher in pastoral areas (4.13%, 1 577/38 149) than in semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas (0.69%, 36/5 213) (χ2 = 151.82, P < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference in the prevalence between men (3.76%, 819/21 787) and women (3.68%, 794/21 575) (χ2 = 0.19, P > 0.05). Cystic echinococcosis was the predominant type in students with echinococcosis (93.78%, 422/450), while alveolar echinococcosis was the predominant type in herders with echinococcosis (72.16%, 801/1 110). There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of echinococcosis types between students and herders (χ2 = 588.57, P < 0.05). In addition, higher prevalence of echinococcosis was detected in nomadic populations (4.58%, 1 008/22 021) than in community-dwelling populations (2.83%, 605/21 341) (χ2 = 91.88, P < 0.05). The Echinococcus copro-antigen-positive rate was 0.19% (4/2 157) in owned dogs, and the detection rate of echinococcosis was 8.00% (16/200) in yaks and 3.10% (31/1 000) in rodents in 2019. Conclusions Echinococcosis is highly prevalent in Serthar County, Sichuan Province. Sustained management of source of Echinococcus infections, improved treatment of echinococcosis patients and timely health education for nomadic populations are recommended.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To better understand the satisfaction with medical worker′s scientific research, raise the management and service levels of scientific research management department, and stimulate hospital workers devote to scientific research.Methods:This paper analyzes the main factors that affect the scientific researchers′ job satisfaction in a tertiary hospital in Shanghai based on questionnaire survey. SPSS 26.0 was used to test the reliability and validity of the scale. Two independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and LSD-T test are used to explore the factors that affect the scientific research enthusiasm of staffs in different positions.Results:The incentive measures of scientific research in hospital can be summarized into three different aspects: material/spiritual incentive mechanism, scientific research management system and personnel training system, the average scores were: X-≈3.97, X-≈ 4.09, X-≈ 3.84, according to which the scientific research management system has the highest satisfaction.Conclusions:The overall satisfaction of staff in the hospital needs to be improved. According to the characteristics of different staff, tailored research management measurements should be developed to mobilize the enthusiasm of hospital staff in scientific research, enhance their satisfaction, and further improve the scientific research capacity of the hospital.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912524

ABSTRACT

It is an urgent need for the development of medical and health undertakings in the new era to build a high-quality university education system and cultivate high-quality personnel for laboratory medicine. In the process of building a national first-class specialty, the medical laboratory technology specialty of Southern Medical University adheres to the concept of high-quality university education and improves the training level of laboratory medicine personnel through the teaching reform practice of constructing the whole-process moral education system, systematical training mode, internationalized teaching team, and intelligent teaching technology. In this paper, we analyzed the connotation and construction experience of a high-quality university education system of laboratory medicine, in order to increase the exchange and communication between different colleges and universities, and make contributions to the national strategic goal of building a powerful country in education before 2035.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911572

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value and influence factors of preoperative and intraoperative localization of ectopic hyperparathyroidism (EHPT).Methods:Results of 99mTc-sestamibi ( 99mTc-MIBI), neck ultrasound, contrast CT and intraoperative local venous parathyroid hormone (IOLVPTH) were retrospectively analyzed in 205 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) suspected of EHPT. Results:Incidence of EHPT was 16.6% (34 cases), and 36 ectopic lesions were detected. The proportion of EHPT in antero-superior mediastinum, intrathyroidal, in the retropharyngeal region, in carotid sheath, in the prevertebral region and intrapericardial were 44.1% (15 cases), 29.4% (10 cases), 11.8% (4 cases), 5.9% (2 cases), 5.9% (2 cases) and 2.9% (1 cases), respectively. Contrast CT was the most sensitive (86.1%, 31 lesions/36 lesions) for EHPT, followed by 99mTc-MIBI (66.7%, 24 lesions/36 lesions), IOLVPTH monitoring (61.8%, 21 lesions/34 lesions) and neck ultrasound (55.6%, 20 lesions/36 lesions). Contrast CT was most sensitive,100% in detecting deep-located EHPT lesions, whereas IOLVPTH had advantages in detecting intrathyroidal EHPT lesions, with a sensitivity of 100.0%.The combined use of 99mTc-MIBI and neck ultrasound showed a sensitivity of 77.8% in the localization of EHPT. Conclusions:Contrast CT is highly sensitive in the localization of EHPT. The combined use of preoperative imaging and IOLVPTH monitoring helps to higher localization for EHPT.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of remimazolam combined with low-dose propofol for sedation during induction of anesthesia.Methods:A total of 228 patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 19-35 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=114 each) by a random number table method: remimazolam combined with low-dose propofol group (group R) and propofol group (group P). Anesthesia was induced with intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.3 μg/kg, remimazolam 0.3 mg/kg, propofol 0.5 mg/kg and micuronium 0.2 mg/kg in group R, and sufentanil 0.3 μg/kg, propofol 2 mg/kg and micuronium 0.2 mg/kg in group P. Endotracheal intubation was performed when bispectral index value ≤ 50.Before induction (T 0), immediately before intubation (T 1), at 1 min (T 2) and 3 min (T 3) after intubation, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded.The anesthesia induction time and the incidence of hypotension and bradycardia were recorded in the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in MAP and HR at T 0 between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with the value at T 0, MAP in two groups and HR were significantly decreased at T 1-3 in group P ( P<0.01). Compared with group P, the anesthesia induction time was significantly prolonged, and hypotension and bradycardia was decreased in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of remimazolam and low-dose propofol exerts better efficacy for sedation during induction of anesthesia than propofol alone.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of tumour necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) in the acute lung injury (ALI) induced by endotoxin in mice.Methods:Forty SPF healthy adult male BALB/c mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: vehicle plasmid group (VP group), vehicle plasmid plus ALI group (VP+ ALI group), TIPE2 adeno-associated virus overexpression group (T group) and TIPE2 adeno-associated virus overexpression plus ALI group (T+ ALI group). The mice in VP and VP+ ALI groups were injected with empty adeno-associated virus, while the mice in T and T+ ALI groups were intratracheally given adeno-associated virus carrying TIPE interference sequence.Three weeks later, the model of endotoxin-induced ALI was established.Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 5 mg/kg was intratracheally given in VP+ ALI and T+ ALI groups, and the equal volume of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) was given in VP and T groups.Blood samples were obtained from the abdominal aorta at 24 h after injection of LPS for blood gas analysis, oxygenation index (OI) was calculated, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The animals were then sacrificed, and lung tissues were removed for examination of pathological changes which were scored after haematoxylin and eosin staining, for calculation of the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and for determination of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and the expression of TIPE2, phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with VP group, the lung injury score, W/D ratio, MPO activity and concentration of serum TNF-α were significantly increased, PaO 2 and OI were decreased, expression of TIPE2 was down-regulated and expression of p-JNK and NF-κB was up-regulated in VP+ ALI group ( P<0.05). Compared with VP+ ALI group, the lung injury score, W/D ratio, MPO activity and concentration of serum TNF-α were significantly decreased, PaO 2 and OI were increased, expression of TIPE2 was up-regulated and expression of p-JNK and NF-κB was down-regulated in T+ ALI group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The down-regulation of TIPE2 expression is involved in the process of ALI induced by endotoxin in mice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1286-1290, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of geriatric syndromes in elderly inpatients with different grip strength levels and the effect of grip strength on geriatric syndromes and thus to provide insight for the management of geriatric syndromes in elderly inpatients.Methods:A total of 225 elderly inpatients who had received comprehensive geriatric assessment at the geriatrics department of our hospital were selected retrospectively, and their general and geriatric syndrome data were collected.With grip strength of 28 kg for men and 18 kg for women as the cut-offs, the patients were divided into the normal grip strength group(114 cases)and the decreased grip strength group(111 cases). Based on demographic characteristics including age, gender, type of work, income, educational background and social support, 1∶1 propensity score matching(PSM)for the two groups was conducted, successfully resulting in a total of 77 pairs.Differences in geriatric syndromes between the two groups were compared, and the relationship between grip strength and geriatric syndromes was analyzed in these elderly inpatients.Results:After adjustment for the general demographic characteristics by PSM, the decreased grip strength group showed higher rates than the normal grip strength group of frailty/pre-frailty(87.0% vs.55.8%), disability(53.2% vs.27.3%), malnutrition/malnutrition risk(57.1% vs.22.1%), cognitive impairment(35.1% vs.9.1%), constipation(44.2% vs.20.8%), falls(32.5% vs.13.0%)and number of geriatric syndromes(4, range: 2-5 vs.2, range: 0-4)and higher Carlson comorbidity index(CCI)scores(6, range: 5-8 vs.5range: 4-6)and higher body mass index scores[(25±3)kg/m 2vs.(23±4)kg/m 2](all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of pain, sleep disorders, depression, anxiety or polypharmacy, or in short physical performance scores between the two groups(all P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that decreased grip strength was positively correlated with the incidence of frailty/pre-frailty( r= 0.345), disability( r= 0.265), malnutrition/malnutrition risk( r= 0.358), cognitive impairment( r=0.313), constipation( r= 0.250), falls( r= 0.232)and number of geriatric syndromes( r=0.370)(all P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between grip strength and the incidence of pain, sleep disorder, depression or anxiety(all P> 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, compared with the normal grip strength group, the decreased grip strength group had a higher risk of developing geriatric syndromes such as frailty/pre-frailty( OR=10.906), disability( OR=4.025), malnutrition/ malnutrition risk( OR=2.699), cognitive impairment( OR=6.620), constipation( OR=2.848)and falls( OR=4.145, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Decreased grip strength is an independent risk factor for many common geriatric syndromes such as frailty/pre-frailty, disability, malnutrition/ malnutrition risk, cognitive impairment, constipation and falls.Elderly patients with decreased grip strength should be a key population group when screening for geriatric syndromes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the research status, research hotspots and research frontiers of quality control of health checkup in the past 15 years.Methods:Journal literatures with the theme of "Health checkup and Quality control" from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database from 2006 to 2020 were retrieved and analyzed. Excel was used to analyze the time and sequence and discipline distribution of literatures. CiteSpace V software was used for visual analysis of institutions and keywords.Results:A total of 306 literatures were obtained, and the number of literatures published in the past 15 years showed an overall growth trend, with the highest number of literatures published in 2019 (36). They mainly focused on the research of medical and health policies and laws and regulations, clinical medicine, preventive medicine and hygiene and other disciplines, with a few literatures belonging to interdisciplinary disciplines. The top three institutions were Physical Examination Center of Naval General Hospital, Health Management Center of the General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Health Management Research Institute of PLA General Hospital. The institutions with high centrality were Physical Examination Center of Naval General Hospital, Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Health Management, and Chinese Health Management Association and so on. There were fewer cooperative links between institutions. The high-frequency keywords found in 306 literatures were"quality control","health checkup","quality management","health management","physical examination center","Deming Cycle (Plan-Do-Check-Action Cycle, PDCA Cycle)","quality of health checkup", etc."Health management"was the key emergence word in the recent three years.Conclusions:In the past 15 years, the attention on the quality control of health checkup in China has gradually increased, but there is less cross-connection between disciplines and institutions. The research focuses on the internal quality control and the application of advanced management theories in health examination institutions. The transformation from simple health checkup to health management service is the research frontier.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of the nadirs of neutrophils and lymphocytes during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) on clinical prognosis of patients with cervical cancer, aiming to provide reference data for clinicians.Methods:Clinical data of FIGO (2018)Ⅰ B1-Ⅳ A cervical cancer patients treated with radical CCRT in the University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, from January 2015 to September 2019 were analyzed. Routine blood test was performed weekly. The overall survival (OS) was calculated by Kaplan- Meier method and analyzed by log-rank test. Univariate and Multivariate prognostic analysis were performed by Cox proportional hazards model. Results:A total of 87 patients were included. The cutoff values of absolute neutrophil count nadir (ANC n) and absolute lymphocyte count nadir (ALC n) for predicting OS were determined by receiver operating characteristic curve. Compared with the ANC n of ≤2.14×10 9/L ( n=76), patients with the ANC n of > 2.14×10 9/L ( n=11) had lower 2-year OS rate (54.5% vs. 88.9%, P=0.035). Compared with ALC n of > 0.2×10 9/L ( n=49), patients with ALC n of ≤0.2×10 9/L ( n=38) obtained lower 2-year OS rate (75.3% vs. 90.8%, P=0.008). Multivariate analysis showed that ANC n (>2.14×10 9/L vs. ≤2.14×10 9/L)( HR=4.487, 95% CI: 1.404-14.344, P=0.011), ALC n (≤0.2×10 9/L vs. >0.2×10 9/L)( HR=5.814, 95% CI: 1.822-18.554, P=0.003), concurrent chemotherapy cycle (5-6 cycles vs. 0-4 cycles)( HR=0.204, 95% CI: 0.060-0.696, P=0.011) and the mean body radiation dose ( HR=1.296, 95% CI: 1.125-1.493, P<0.001) were significantly associated with OS. Patients with the ANC of > 5.19×10 9/L before CCRT were more likely to have ANC n of > 2.14×10 9/L during CCRT and those with the ALC of < 2.05×10 9/L before CCRT was more likely to have ALC n of ≤0.2×10 9/L during CCRT. Conclusions:Peripheral ANC n and ALC n during CCRT have different prognostic effects and influencing factors. Clinical prognosis of cervical cancer patients may be improved by closely monitoring routine blood parameters and optimizing treatment modality during CCRT.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 510-515,C8-1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of rheumatic diseases complicated with Pneumomediastinum (PnM).Methods:A retrospective analysis of 94 inpatients with rheumatic diseases associated PnM from Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Shanxi Bethune Hospital between January 1998 and October 2018 was carried out. Patients were divided into idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and the non-IIM group. Clinical features, laboratory examinations and treatment were compared between the two groups. Cox proportional hazard model was used to investigate the risk factors for prognosis.Results:A total of 94 patients were included in the study, with an average age of (45±14) years. Forty-five (48%) of them were male. There were 62 patients in the IIM group and the other 32 were in the non-IIM group. Sixty-nine patients had predisposing factors before PnM. Severe cough and assisted mechanical ventilation were the most common causes. Compared with the non-IIM group, the incidence of digital vasculitis (29% vs 6%, χ2=6.540, P=0.008), arthritis (60% vs 28%, χ2=8.409, P=0.004), interstitial lung disease (ILD)(98% vs 78%, χ2=11.129, P=0.002) were higher in the IIM group, treatment with cyclophosphamide was higher in the IIM group ( χ2=4.458, P=0.035). There was non-significant difference in mortality between the two groups during hospitalization (50% vs 59%) and 6 months after PnM (64% vs72%) ( P>0.05). Pulmonary infection was the only risk factor for poor prognosis [ HR=3.131, 95% CI (1.025, 9.561), P=0.045], in which bacteria infection was the most common cause (65/75, 86.7%). Conclusion:PnM is a severe complication of rheumatic diseases. To get a good prognosis, rheumatol-ogists should balance the benefit and risk of infection of immunosuppressive therapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the biomechanical performance of our self-designed novel blocking screws in the treatment of distal tibial fractures.Methods:Thirty artificial composite tibial bones were used to create models of unstable distal tibial fracture (AO type 43-A3) which were randomized into 3 even groups ( n=10) according to modes of fixation. Group A was subjected to fixation with intramedullary nails only with merely preset holes reserved for the blocking screws, group B to fixation with intramedullary nails plus conventional anteroposterior blocking screws, and group C to fixation with intramedullary nails plus novel lateral blocking screws. In all the 3 groups, a lateral bending stress test was conducted to record the maximum transversal displacement of the intramedullary nail, a fatigue test to observe the structural abnormality in the model and an axial stress test to record the maximum axial displacement of the intramedullary nail-bone structure. The 3 groups were compared in structural abnormality, the maximum transversal displacement of the intramedullary nail and the maximum axial displacement of the intramedullary nail-bone structure. Results:The lateral bending stress tests showed the maximum transversal displacements were (5.02±1.03) mm; (4.19±0.64) mm and (4.18±0.65) mm in groups A, B and C; compared with group A, the maximum transversal displacement decreased by 16.6%( P=0.027) in group B and decreased by 16.8%( P=0.025) in group C, showing significant differences but there was no significant difference in the maximum transversal displacement between groups B and C ( P=0.978). In the fatigue test, all models showed no structural abnormality under cyclic loading. In the axial stress test, the maximum axial displacements of the intramedullary nail-bone structure were, respectively, (5.69±0.75) mm, (5.31±0.61) mm and (5.51±0.65) mm in groups A, B and C, showing no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Our self-designed novel blocking screws can be a new means in clinical application, because they are similar to conventional blocking screws in increasing the stability of nail-bone construct and other biomechanical performance.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of intraoperative blood transfusion on postoperative deep vein thrombosis in patients with orthopedic trauma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 502 patients who had been treated operatively at Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Xi'an Honghui Hospital from January 2015 to September 2018. They were divided into 2 groups according to the use of intraoperative blood transfusion. In the observation group of 203 cases who had received intraoperative blood transfusion, there were 98 males and 105 females with an age of (61.0±20.7) years; in the control group of 299 cases who had not received intraoperative blood transfusion, there were 166 males and 133 females with an age of (57.7±19.0) years. Blood coagulation series such as D-dimer and fibrinogen were measured at admission, 1 day pre-operation, 1 day and 3 days postoperation. After operation, venous ultrasound examination of both lower limbs was performed to observe postoperative DVT in the patients. The 2 groups were compared in changes in coagulation series and occurrence of postoperative DVT.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups ( P>0.05), showing they were comparable. There was no significant difference between the observation group and the control group in the D-dimer level at admission or 1 day pre-operation ( P>0.05), but the D-dimer levels at 1 day and 3 days postoperation in the observation group [4.18 (2.35, 7.08) mg/L and (6.20±3.77) mg/L] were significantly higher than those in the control group [3.41 (1.91, 5.63) mg/L and (4.05±2.62) mg/L] ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in fibrinogen between the 2 groups at different time points ( P>0.05). The incidence of DVT in the observation group was 43.3% (88/203), significantly higher than that in the control group (32.8%, 98/299) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:As intraoperative blood transfusion can increase the level of D-dimer and thus the incidence of postoperative venous thrombosis in patients with orthopaedic trauma, we should pay more attention to the risk of postoperative DVT in patients receiving intraoperative blood transfusion.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910039

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate short-term clinical efficacy of femoral neck system (FNS) for treatment of femoral neck fractures in young and middle-aged patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 70 middle-aged and young patients who had been surgically treated for femoral neck fractures at Department of Trauma Orthopaedics, Honghui Hospital from January to November 2020. Of them, 32 cases were fixated by FNS; they were 16 males and 16 females, with an age of (49.4±11.0) years, including 10 cases of type Ⅱ, 12 cases of type Ⅲ and 10 cases of type Ⅳ by the Garden classification. The other 38 patients were fixated by cannulated compression screws (CCS); they were 19 males and 19 females, with an age of (48.8±10.1) years, including 12 cases of type Ⅱ, 15 cases of type Ⅲ and 11 cases of type Ⅳ by the Garden classification. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction, fracture union time, weight-bearing time, complications, Barthel index at 3 months after surgery, and hip function at 6 months after surgery.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in preoperative general information or follow-up time between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss or fracture reduction quality between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). In the FNS group, weight-bearing time [(11.4±3.4) weeks] and fracture healing time [(3.1±0.9) months] were significantly shorter than those in the CCS group [(16.4±3.9) weeks and (3.6±0.9) months], rate of complications (12.5%, 4/32) was significantly lower than that in the CCS group (34.2%, 13/38), Barthel index at 3 months after operation (98.1±2.8) and Harris hip score at 6 months after operation (96.8±4.0) were significantly higher than those in the CCS group (93.8±4.1 and 93.6±6.7) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of femoral neck fractures in young and middle-aged patients, compared with CCS fixation, FNS fixation can obtain better short-term curative effects, due to its advantages of shorter bone union and weight-bearing time, a decreased rate of complications and early functional recovery of daily activities.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1316-1320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the associated symptoms of progressive symmetrical erythema keratosis (PSEK) and the related literature was reviewed.Methods:Two Mongolian PSEK families in the dermatology department of the People′s Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2016 to 2017 were collected, and 40 complete PSEK families and 156 sporadic cases at home and abroad published since 1980 to 2020 were searched by using the database to analyze the concomitant symptoms of PSEK.Results:A total of 40 complete PSEK families were included, including 714 cases. The incidence of PSEK was 57.38% in foreign countries and 37.42% in China; The most common concomitant symptoms abroad were palmoplantar keratosis (PPK), followed by nail changes, neurological symptoms, dysplasia, combined with variable erythema keratosis (EKV), and the concomitant symptoms were more serious; The most common concomitant symptoms in China were nail changes, followed by PPK, damp hyperhidrosis, pruritus, pain and some skin diseases, and the concurrent symptoms were mild.Conclusions:PSEK has many associated symptoms and the molecular genetic mechanism is still unclear. It is necessary to conduct a more comprehensive and in-depth study and understanding of the disease through the development of sequencing technology and the expansion of clinical cases.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908945

ABSTRACT

The teaching content of biomaterials science is of boundness and vapidity, in additional, there is alack of interaction between teachers and students. The teaching efficiency of the biomaterials science is greatly reduced. In this paper, combining with the current research hotspots in biomaterials science, we put forward the reform of the teaching knowledge, teaching methods and teaching evaluation. By introducing the scientific research achievements and academic innovations of teachers, integrating Seminar teaching with flipped mode, combining with the characteristics of colleges and universities, from in-class to out-of-class, setting up the course for different specialties, establishing teaching evaluation with new network information, this paper discusses the teaching reform of biomaterials course, and puts forward new requirements and challenges.

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