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The Japanese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 606-613, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688857


Objective:To investigate the characteristics of studies registered in the field of rehabilitation medicine.Methods:The university hospital medical information network clinical trials registry database was searched for domestic clinical trials associated with rehabilitation medicine that were registered after June 2005. We extracted information about studies and analyzed their registration trends and overall characteristics.Results:Among the 21,410 registered trials, we found 529 trials associated with rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate efficacy in 65% of the studies. Among these studies, 54% were parallel-group comparison studies, 50% were registered retrospectively, and 85% did not publish any results. In comparison studies, 86% were randomized controlled studies, and 47% were open-label trials.Conclusion:An increasing trend of registration was observed. However, we found several problems in registration. Prospective registration is important to decrease publication and outcome reporting biases. Education for the relevant study protocol and registration might improve the quality of clinical study in domestic rehabilitation medicine.

Medical Education ; : 335-344, 2013.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376931


Objectives: This study reviewed the literature on instruments measuring physician-patient communication skills in medical interviews. Our goal was to clarify the features of current instruments and problems in assessing physician-patient communication with them.<br>Methods: In 2012, we searched for published articles about instruments assessing physician-patient communication skills in the bibliographic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Education Resources Information Center using the combination of search terms (“consultation skills” OR “doctor-patient communication” OR “physician-patient relations”) AND “medical education” AND (instruments OR measurement OR assessment). Instruments designed for faculty observers and to be used in medical education were included in the study. To compare the instruments, we classified the items of each instrument on the basis of the framework of the Kalamazoo Consensus Statement (KCS), an experts’ consensus statement on 7 essential elements of physician-patient communication.<br>Results: Ten instruments were included in the study. Eighty-three percent of all 277 items of the instruments were classified to any of the 7 elements identified in the KCS. Most of the instruments included more than 6 elements identified in the KCS, and some of the instruments had been constructed on the basis of the KCS. However, the instruments varied considerably in essential communication skills to understand the patient’s perspective, to share information, and to reach agreement on problems and plans.<br>Conclusions: Further study is needed to provide evidence for essential communication skills in physician-patient consultation. Because essential communication skills depend on the educational goals, culture, language, and other factors, ensuring the reliability and validity of tools administered to evaluate communication must be required.

Medical Education ; : 399-406, 1998.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-369625


This study examined the effectiveness of a communication program in undergraduate medical education in improving communication in physicians' clinical practice. The effectiveness of the program was assessed with a mail survey using self-rated questionnaires 9 years later. Ninety participants were follwed up in late 1994; 57.8% of them replied to the questionnaire. Of the respondents, 60% replied that programs concerned with active listening and role-playing had benefits on communicating with patients and families. In addition, 40% of respondents answered that case studies aimed at teaching comprehensive medicine with the team approach was effective in improving communication with co-medical staff. These results suggest that the communication program in undergraduate medical education is effective in improving clinical communication in clinical practice when students are highly motivated.