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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(4): 101277, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the clinical features, risk factors, distribution of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) subtypes, and effectiveness of canalith repositioning between geriatric and non-geriatric patients with BPPV. Methods A total of 400 patients with BPPV were enrolled. Canalith repositioning was performed according to the semicircular canals involved. Patients were divided by age into a geriatric group (≥60 years) and a non-geriatric group (20-59 years). Clinical characteristics, potential age-related risk factors, distribution of subtypes, and effectiveness of canalith repositioning were compared between the groups. Results Female sex was significantly more common in all age groups, with a peak female-to-male ratio of 5.1:1 in the group aged 50-59 years. There was a higher proportion of men in the geriatric group. A history of disease associated with atherosclerosis was significantly more common in the geriatric group (p< 0.05). Migraine was significantly more common in the non-geriatric group (p= 0.018), as was posterior canal BPPV. The horizontal canal BPPV (especially horizontal canal BPPV-cupulolithiasis), and multicanal BPPV subtypes were more common in the geriatric group, whereas anterior canal BPPV was more common in the non-geriatric group. Two canalith repositioning sessions were effective in 58.0% of the geriatric cases and in 72.6% of the non-geriatric cases (p= 0.002). There was a tendency for the effectiveness of canalith repositioning to decrease with increasing age. Conclusion BPPV was more common in women. However, the proportion of men with BPPV increased with age. Elderly patients often had a history of diseases associated with atherosclerosis (i.e., hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia). The horizontal canal BPPV (particularly horizontal canal BPPV-cupulolithiasis) and multicanal BPPV subtypes were more common and the anterior canal BPPV subtype was less common in elderly patients. The effectiveness of canalith repositioning may decrease with age. Therefore, older patients should receive more comprehensive medical treatment. Level of evidence: 4.

2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(4): 101274, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505904

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The differentiation between Vestibular Migraine (VM) and Meniere's Disease (MD) is difficult because of overlapping symptoms. The study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and vestibular function test results between VM and MD patients. Methods Seventy-one patients with definite VM and 31 patients with definite unilateral MD were included. All patients received Caloric Test (CT), Video Head Impulse Test (vHIT) and Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) test within 7 days after visiting the hospital. Results of these tests were compared between groups. Results Most VM patients (64.0%) experienced spontaneous internal vertigo, while most MD patients (66.7%) experienced spontaneous external vertigo. MD patients had more severe vestibular symptoms and autonomic responses compared to VM patients during attacks (p= 0.03, p= 0.00, respectively). The nystagmus intensity of CT-induced was greater in VM patients than in MD patients (p= 0.003). More VM patients had CT intolerance and Central Positional Nystagmus (CPN) compared to MD patients (p= 0.002, p = 0.006, respectively). More MD patients had CT(+) and vHIT saccades wave compared to VM patients (p< 0.001, p= 0.002, respectively). The non-elicitation rate of cervical VEMP was higher, and the ocular VEMP amplitudes were lower in MD patients than in VM patients (p = 0.002, p= 0.018). Conclusions Vestibular symptoms during attacks combined with the results of vestibular function tests may be used to differentiate between VM and MD. The diverse nature of vestibular symptoms (especially internal vertigo), history of motion sickness and CT intolerance may provide clues to the diagnosis of VM, whereas spontaneous external vertigo, CT(+) with vHIT(-), and the presence of saccades may provide clues to the diagnosis of MD. Level of evidence: 4.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 9-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953918

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Buyang Huanwutang combined with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation in the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). MethodDifferent concentrations (12.5, 25, 50 g·kg-1) of Buyang Huanwutang were administrated to rats by gavage. The spinal cord function of rats was measured by modified Tarlov score, and the most suitable concentration of Buyang Huanwutang was screened out. SD rats were then divided into 6 groups, namely, the sham operation group (gavage of equal amount of normal saline), the model group (gavage of equal amount of normal saline), the Buyang Huanwutang group (gavage of 25 g·kg-1 Buyang Huanwutang), the BMSC transplantation group (tail vein injection of BMSCs 1 mL), the Buyang Huanwutang+BMSC group (gavage of 25 g·kg-1 Buyang Huanwutang and tail vein injection of BMSCs 1 mL), the Buyang Huanwutang+BMSC+LY294002 group (gavage of 25 g·kg-1 Buyang Huanwutang and tail vein injection of BMSCs 1 mL and 40 mg·kg-1 LY294002), with 10 rats in each group. The spinal cord function was measured by the modified Tarlov score, inclined plate test, and latency of cortical somatosensory evoked potential. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the number of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuracil nucleoside (Brdu)-labeled positive cells in the spinal cord tissue. The protein expression levels of phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt), glycoprotein 130 (gp130), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in spinal cord were detected by Western blot. ResultAs compared with the sham operation group, the Tarlov score and the critical angle of tilt plane in the model group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the latency of cortical somatosensory evoked potential wave and the protein expression levels of p-Akt, gp130, and IL-6 were significantly increased (P<0.05). As compared with the model group, the Tarlov score and the critical angle of tilt plane in the sham operation group and each treatment group were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the latency of cortical somatosensory evoked potential wave and the protein expression levels of p-Akt, gp130, and IL-6 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). As compared with the BMSC group, the Tarlov score and the critical angle of inclined plane in the Buyang Huanwutang+BMSC group increased (P<0.05), the latency of cortical somatosensory evoked potential wave and the protein expression levels of p-Akt, gp130, and IL-6 decreased (P<0.05), and the number of Brdu-labeled positive cells increased 5 weeks after transplantation (P<0.05). As compared with the Buyang Huanwutang+BMSC group, the Tarlov score and the critical angle of the inclined plane in the Buyang Huanwutang+BMSC+LY294002 group increased (P<0.05), and the latency of cortical somatosensory evoked potential wave and the protein expression levels of p-Akt, gp130, and IL-6 decreased significantly (P<0.05). Five weeks after transplantation, the number of Brdu-labeled positive cells increased significantly in the Buyang Huanwutang+BMSC+LY294002 group (P<0.05). ConclusionBuyang Huanwutang can promote BMSCs migration and restore spinal cord function by inhibiting phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signal.

4.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 42-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015245

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of chronic restraint stress (CRS) on the phenotypic transition of hippocampal astrocytes and depression-like behavior in mice. Methods Forty eight male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control groups (control), model groups (CRS) and fluoxetine(FLX) drug intervention groups (CRS+FLX), 16 for each group. The mice of the CRS group were subjected to 3 weeks chronic restraint stress. The mice of CRS + FLX group were treated with fluoxetine by intraperitoneal injection 30 minutes before restraint stress from the day 8 to day 21.

5.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 149-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) inhibitor HC067047 on anxiety-like behavior in mice induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods Totally 48 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group (NS), model group (LPS) and drug intervention group (HC + LPS). Anxiety mouse model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 0.83 mg/kg LPS. The HC + LPS group was intraperitoneally injected with HC067047 (10 mg/kg) 30 minutes before LPS injection, and the NS group and LPS group were injected with equal volume of normal saline. Open field test and social interaction experiments were used to detect anxiety-like behaviors in each group of mice; Immunohistochemical chemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of TRPV4, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the hippocampus. Results Immunohistochemical and Western blotting experiments showed that, compared with the NS group, the expression of TRPV4 in the hippocampus of the LPS group was significantly up-regulated (P<0.0001); In the open field test, compared with the NS group, the total distance (P < 0.0001), the distance in the central area (P<0.01) and the time of in the central area mice in the LPS group reduced significantly (P< 0.01). HC067047 intervention reversed the activities of LPS model mice total distance (P < 0.05), the distance of activities in the central area (P < 0.001) and the time of in the central area (P < 0.01); In the social interaction test, compared with the NS group, the interaction time the unfamiliar mice reduced significantly in LPS group (P<0.01), which was reversed by HC067047 treatment (P< 0.01); Western blotting detection revealed that the expression of hippocampal iNOS (P<0.05), nNOS (P < 0.001), and eNOS (P < 0.001) in the LPS group were significantly higher than the NS group, which reduced remarkably by HC067047 treatment (iNOS P < 0.05, nNOS P < 0.01 and eNOS P < 0.01). Conclusion Inhibiting the expression of TRPV4 can improve the anxiety-like behavior, and this process may be related to anti-oxidative stress.

6.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 142-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015224

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of chronic restraint stress on the expression of N6-methyladenosine (m6A)and related enzymes in the hippocampus of mice. Methods Twenty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into control group and chronic restraint stress (CRS) group, the model group was given for 3 weeks chronic restraint stress to establish a mouse anxiety model. Open field test and elevated plus maze test were used to detect anxiety-like behavior; Immunohistochemistry and m6A RNA methylation assay were used to detect the expression changes of mouse hippocampal m6A; Western blotting and Real-time PCR were used to analyze hippocampal m6A related enzymes expression. Results 1.The behavioral results showed that, compared with the control group, the CRS group showed significantly reduced time spent in the center of the open field(P<0.01), the CRS group showed significantly reduced exploration time in the open arm of elevated plus maze (P<0.0001); 2. Immunohistochemical results showed that, compared with the control group, the hippocampal m6A content in the CRS group reduced significantly (P < 0.001); The results of the m6A RNA methylation assay showed that, compared with the control group, the CRS group showed significantly reduced amount of hippocampal m6A(P<0.05); 3. Real-time PCR results showed that the expression of hippocampal demethylase anaplastic lymphoma kinase B(AlkB) homolog 5(ALKBH5) (P<0.001) and fat mass and obestity associated protein(FTO) (P< 0.05) in the CRS group significantly up-regulated, the expression of methylase Wilms' tumour 1-associating protein (WTAP) (P<0.05) was significantly down-regulated compared with the control group; The expression of m6A methylation binding protein YTH domaincontaining family protein 3 (YTHDF3) (P < 0.05) and YTH domaincontaining protein 2 (YTHDC2) (P < 0.01) was significantly up-regulated. Western blotting result showed that, compared with the control group, the mouse hippocampal demethylase ALKBH5 (P < 0.05) and FTO (P < 0.05) expression in the CRS group significantly up-regulated, the expression of WTAP (P<0.01) was significantly down-regulated; m6A methylation binding protein YTHDF3 (P<0.01) and YTHDC2 (P<0.05) were significantly up-regulated. Conclusion In the anxiety model induced by chronic restraint stress, the expression of m6A in the hippocampus of mice is down-regulated. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of the m6A demethylase ALKBH5 and FTO or the down-regulation of the methylase WTAP.

7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 335-341, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015223

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the three-dimensional finite element model of lumbar spine(L) 3-5 segments of the normal spine of 14-year-old adolescents to analyze the biomechanical changes of the lumbar spine after different degrees of lumbar foraminal plasty, and to provide reference for improvement of adolescent foraminoplasty. Methods A14-year-old female volunteer with no previous history of lumbar spine was selected to collect lumbar CT image data and we imported it into Mimics 16.0 software for modeling. ABAQUS software was used to conduct finite element model force analysis. Models M

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 269-279, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970072

ABSTRACT

Remarkable improvement relative to traditional approaches in the treatment of hematological malignancies by chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has promoted sequential approvals of eight commercial CAR T products within last 5 years. Although CAR T cells' productization is now rapidly boosting their extensive clinical application in real-world patients, the limitation of their clinical efficacy and related toxicities inspire further optimization of CAR structure and substantial development of innovative trials in various scenarios. Herein, we first summarized the current status and major progress in CAR T therapy for hematological malignancies, then described crucial factors which possibly compromise the clinical efficacies of CAR T cells, such as CAR T cell exhaustion and loss of antigen, and finally, we discussed the potential optimization strategies to tackle the challenges in the field of CAR T therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1855-1863, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007523

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although the need for consolidation chemotherapy after successful induction therapy is well established in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1), the value of consolidation chemotherapy before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains controversial.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively compared the effect of the number of pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapies on outcomes of human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling stem cell transplantation (MSDT) for patients with AML in CR1 in multicenters across China. In our study, we analyzed data of 373 AML patients in CR1 from three centers across China.@*RESULTS@#With a median follow-up of 969 days, patients with ≥ 3 courses of consolidation chemotherapy had higher probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) (85.6% vs . 67.0%, P < 0.001) and overall survival (89.2% vs . 78.5%, P  = 0.007), and better cumulative incidences of relapse (10.5% vs . 19.6%, P  = 0.020) and non-relapse mortality (4.2% vs . 14.9%, P  = 0.001) than those with ≤ 2 courses of consolidation chemotherapy. Pre-transplantation minimal residual disease-negative patients with AML in CR1 who received MSDT with ≥ 3 courses of consolidation chemotherapy had a higher probability of LFS (85.9% vs . 67.7%, P  = 0.003) and a lower cumulative incidence of relapse (9.6% vs . 23.3%, P  = 0.013) than those with ≤ 2 courses.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that patients with AML in CR1 who received MSDT might benefit from pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Consolidation Chemotherapy/methods , Siblings , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/etiology , HLA Antigens , Allografts
10.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 936-941, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005952

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the efficacy of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). 【Methods】 A total of 121 ED patients treated during June 2020 and June 2022 were selected as the research objects. According to the International Erectile Index Score (IIEF-EF), the patients were divided into three subgroups:mild (17-25 points), moderate (11-16 points), and severe (0-10 points). The total effective rate, erectile hardness scale (EHS), sex life log questions (SEP), general assessment questionnaire (GAQ), peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), and adverse reactions of the three groups before treatment, 4 weeks and 12 weeks after treatment were analyzed. 【Results】 A total of 119 patients completed the follow-up. There were significant increases in IIEF-EF and EHS at week 4 and 12 (P<0.05), and the total effective rate was 69.75% and 76.47%, respectively. The total effective rate was significantly higher in the mild and moderate groups than in the severe group at week 4 and 12 (P<0.05). The patients who answered "yes" to SEP2 and SEP3 accounted for 91.60% and 71.43%, respectively at week 4, and 92.44% and 78.15% at week 12, both significantly higher than the rates before treatment (52.10% and 27.73%, P<0.05). The proportion of patients who answered "yes" to GAQl and GAQ2 at week 4 were 84.87% and 71.43%, respectively, and were 82.35% and 70.59% respectively at week 12, with no significant difference. The PSV level significantly increased at week 12 compared to that before treatment [(48.85±14.11) cm/s vs. (41.42±14.90) cm/s] (P<0.05), while the EDV level significantly decreased [(-0.57±7.01) cm/s vs. (2.25± 5.68)cm/s] (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 LIPUS can improve erectile function in ED patients without obvious adverse reactions.

11.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1053-1059, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005940

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the predictive value of preoperative controlled nutritional status (CONUT) score and ratio of hemoglobin to red cell distribution width (HRR) for survival of patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) after radical surgery. 【Methods】 A retrospective analysis was performed on 145 UTUC patients who underwent surgical treatment in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University during May 2011 and Jun. 2017. Clinic opathologic data were collected, the best cut-off values of CONUT score and HRR were determined with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the CONUT-HRR scoring system was established. The correlation between different CONUT-HRR scores and clinic opathological indicators of UTUC patients was compared. The application value of CONUT-HRR score in predicting the prognosis of UTUC patients was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox proportional risk regression model. 【Results】 The optimal cut-off values of preoperative CONUT score and HRR for predicting cancer specific survival (CSS) were 3 and 10.41, respectively. The patients were divided into three groups: CONUT-HRR 0 group (n=62, CONUT score <3 and HRR ≥10.41), CONUT-HRR 1 group (n=51, CONUT score <3 and HRR <10.41, or CONUT score ≥3 and HRR≥10.41), and CONUT-HRR 2 group (n=32, CONUT score ≥3 and HRR <10.41). CONUT-HRR score was correlated with age, surgical method, pathological T stage, lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve results showed that the 5-year CSS of CONUT-HRR 0, 1 and 2 groups were 96.4%, 65.8% and 30.9%, respectively, with statistically significant differences (P<0.001). Cox regression model showed that CONUT-HRR score, pathological T stage, lymph node metastasis and vascular infiltration were independent factors of CSS. 【Conclusion】 Preoperative CONUT-HRR score can be used as a simple and reliable indicator to evaluate the prognosis of UTUC patients. Higher score indicates worse prognosis.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 195-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005744

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the role and mechanism of dapagliflozin (Dapa), a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, in acute liver injury. 【Methods】 Eight-week-old C57BL6/J mice were given a single intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 to induce acute liver injury. The mice were preventively given 5 mg/kg Dapa by gavage 24 h and 2 h before CCl4 injection, while those in the control group were given an equal volume of solvent gavage. After 24 h, the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed. H&E staining, plasma biochemistry, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting were used to detect the severity of liver injury and the expressions of macrophage-related genes. 【Results】 In the CCl4 group, hepatic infiltration of inflammatory cells increased, and liver and renal functions significantly deteriorated, which was further aggravated by Dapa. CCl4 could promote the expressions of M1 macrophages and fibrosis-related genes in the liver, but reduce those of M2 and antioxidant-related genes, and the latter was further inhibited by Dapa. In addition, the protein expression of arginase 1 decreased and that of SGLT2 increased after Dapa intervention, while NF-κB pathway did not change significantly, suggesting that Dapa might directly affect the energy metabolism homeostasis in the liver and aggravate acute liver injury induced by CCl4. 【Conclusion】 Dapa can exacerbate hepatic and renal damage in acute stage of liver injury, inhibit macrophages M2 polarization, and aggravate oxidative stress and inflammatory injury induced by CCl4.

13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 137-142, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970990

ABSTRACT

Selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) is a surgical treatment for primary premature ejaculation (PE), but there is still no standard surgical procedure for selecting the branches of the dorsal penile nerves to be removed. We performed this study to explore the value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the penile sensory-evoked potential (PSEP) for standard surgical procedures in SDN. One hundred and twenty primary PE patients undergoing SDN were selected as the PE group and 120 non-PE patients were selected as the normal group. The PSEP was monitored and compared between the two groups under both natural and general anesthesia (GA) states. In addition, patients in the PE group were randomly divided into the IONM group and the non-IONM group. During SDN surgery, PSEP parameters of the IONM group were recorded and analyzed. The differences in PE-related outcome measurements between the perioperative period and 3 months' postoperation were compared for the PE patients, and the differences in effectiveness and complications between the IONM group and the non-IONM group were compared. The results showed that the average latency of the PSEP in the PE group was shorter than that in the normal group under both natural and GA states (P < 0.001). Three months after surgery, the significant effective rates in the IONM and non-IONM groups were 63.6% and 34.0%, respectively (P < 0.01), and the difference in complications between the two groups was significant (P < 0.05). IONM might be useful in improving the short-term therapeutic effectiveness and reducing the complications of SDN.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Premature Ejaculation/surgery , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Prospective Studies , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Penis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 95-102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970678

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the effect of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes (MSCs-Exo) on staurosporine (STS)-induced chondrocyte apoptosis before and after exposure to pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) at different frequencies. The AMSCs were extracted from the epididymal fat of healthy rats before and after exposure to the PEMF at 1 mT amplitude and a frequency of 15, 45, and 75 Hz, respectively, in an incubator. MSCs-Exo was extracted and identified. Exosomes were labeled with DiO fluorescent dye, and then co-cultured with STS-induced chondrocytes for 24 h. Cellular uptake of MSC-Exo, apoptosis, and the protein and mRNA expression of aggrecan, caspase-3 and collagenⅡA in chondrocytes were observed. The study demonstrated that the exposure of 75 Hz PEMF was superior to 15 and 45 Hz PEMF in enhancing the effect of exosomes in alleviating chondrocyte apoptosis and promoting cell matrix synthesis. This study lays a foundation for the regulatory mechanism of PEMF stimulation on MSCs-Exo in inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis, and opens up a new direction for the prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Chondrocytes , Electromagnetic Fields , Exosomes/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 429-438, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981018

ABSTRACT

It has been well documented that exercise can improve bone metabolism, promote bone growth and development, and alleviate bone loss. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are widely involved in the proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, osteoblasts, osteoclasts and other bone tissue cells, and regulation of balance between bone formation and bone resorption by targeting osteogenic factors or bone resorption factors. Thus miRNAs play an important role in the regulation of bone metabolism. Recently, regulation of miRNAs are shown to be one of the ways by which exercise or mechanical stress promotes the positive balance of bone metabolism. Exercise induces changes of miRNAs expression in bone tissue and regulates the expression of related osteogenic factors or bone resorption factors, to further strengthen the osteogenic effect of exercise. This review summarizes relevant studies on the mechanism whereby exercise regulates bone metabolism via miRNAs, providing a theoretical basis for osteoporosis prevention and treatment with exercise.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Osteogenesis/genetics , Cell Differentiation , Osteoblasts , Bone Resorption/metabolism
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1550-1554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980551

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the characteristics of changes in corneal epithelial thickness at the early postoperative stage of femtosecond assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)and its related influencing factors.METHOD: Retrospective study. A total of 120 patients(240 eyes)of myopia undergoing FS-LASIK from May 2021 to June 2022 were selected. The corneal epithelium thickness in the central area, inner ring area, and outer ring area of patients before and at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo after operation was recorded. The relationship between the variation of corneal epithelium thickness and spherical equivalent, optical zone diameter, depth of cut and cutting ratio was analyzed by Pearson correlation.RESULTS: There was no statistical significance in corneal epithelial thickness in the central area, inner ring area and outer ring area at 1d after FS-LASIK compared with that before operation(P&#x003E;0.05). At 1wk, 1 and 3mo after surgery, the corneal epithelial thickness in the central area, inner ring area and outer ring area increased compared with that before surgery, and the corneal epithelial thickness in the central area and inner ring area at 1 and 3mo after surgery was greater than that in the outer ring area(all P&#x003C;0.05). The corneal epithelial thickness in the central, inner and outer ring areas of high myopia patients was thicker than that of low and moderate myopia patients before operation. The corneal epithelial thickness in the central, inner and outer ring areas of high myopia patients was thinner than that of low and moderate myopia patients at 1wk after operation(P&#x003C;0.05). At 1 and 3mo after operation, the corneal epithelial thickness in the central, inner and outer ring areas of patients with high myopia was greater than that of patients with low and moderate myopia, and the changes of corneal epithelial thickness in the central, inner and outer ring areas were greater than those of patients with low and moderate myopia(P&#x003C;0.05). The results of Pearson correlation showed that the changes in corneal epithelial thickness in the central and inner ring area were positively correlated with the corneal curvature, depth of cut and cutting ratio at 3mo after surgery, and they were in negative correlation with the age, spherical equivalent and optical zone diameter(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The corneal epithelial thickness of patients thickened after the FS-LASIK operation, and it was correlated with age, corneal curvature, preoperative depth of cut, cutting ratio, spherical equivalent and the optic zone diameter.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 713-718, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009790

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare hereditary orphan condition that results in variable phenotypes, including infertility. About 50 gene variants are reported in the scientific literature to cause PCD, and among them, dynein axonemal assembly factor 4 ( DNAAF4 ) has been recently reported. DNAAF4 has been implicated in the preassembly of a multiunit dynein protein essential for the normal function of locomotory cilia as well as flagella. In the current study, a single patient belonging to a Chinese family was recruited, having been diagnosed with PCD and asthenoteratozoospermia. The affected individual was a 32-year-old male from a nonconsanguineous family. He also had abnormal spine structure and spinal cord bends at angles diagnosed with scoliosis. Medical reports, laboratory results, and imaging data were investigated. Whole-exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing, immunofluorescence analysis, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and in silico functional analysis, including protein modeling and docking studies, were used. The results identified DNAAF4 disease-related variants and confirmed their pathogenicity. Genetic analysis through whole-exome sequencing identified two pathogenic biallelic variants in the affected individual. The identified variants were a hemizygous splice site c.784-1G>A and heterozygous 20.1 Kb deletion at the DNAAF4 locus, resulting in a truncated and functionless DNAAF4 protein. Immunofluorescence analysis indicated that the inner dynein arm was not present in the sperm flagellum, and sperm morphological analysis revealed small sperm with twisted and curved flagella or lacking flagella. The current study found novel biallelic variants causing PCD and asthenoteratozoospermia, extending the range of DNAAF4 pathogenic variants in PCD and associated with the etiology of asthenoteratozoospermia. These findings will improve our understanding of the etiology of PCD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia/genetics , Dyneins/genetics , East Asian People , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Proteins/genetics , Semen/metabolism
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5235-5243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008720

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum dried with two different methods(air drying and heating) on inflammation in acute lung injury(ALI) mice in vivo and in vitro. Lipopolysaccharide(LPS) was sprayed into the airway of wild type C57BL/6J male mice to establish the model, and the drug was injected into the tail vein 24 h after modeling. Lung function, lung tissue wet/dry weight(W/D) ratio, the total protein concentration, interleukin 6(IL-6), IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF), and pathological changes of the lung tissue were used to evaluate the effects of different gypenosides on ALI mice. The results showed that total gypenosides(YGGPs) and the gypenosides substituted with one or two glycosyl(GPs_(1-2)) in the air-dried sample improved the lung function, significantly lowered the levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in BALF, and alleviated the lung inflammation of ALI mice. Moreover, GPs_(1-2) had a more significant effect on inhibiting NO release in RAW264.7 cells. This study showed that different drying methods affected the anti-inflammatory activity of G. pentaphyllum, and the rare saponins in the air-dried sample without heating had better anti-inflammatory activity.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Gynostemma , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Lung , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3330-3338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999077

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered to be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome and has become one of the chronic diseases that endanger health around the world. There is still a lack of effective therapeutic drugs in clinical practice. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been a popular target for NAFLD research in recent years. Fexaramine (Fex) is a potent and selective agonist of FXR, and its mechanism of action to improve NAFLD is unclear. Therefore, in this study, a mouse model of NAFLD was constructed using a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet and treated with Fex orally for 6 weeks. We evaluated the ameliorative effect of Fex on disorders of glucolipid metabolism in NAFLD mice, and preliminarily explored its potential mechanism of action. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: PZSHUTCM210913011). In this study, it was found that 100 mg·kg-1 Fex significantly inhibited body weight gain, alleviated insulin resistance, improved liver injury and lipid accumulation in NAFLD mice. The effect of Fex on the expression of hepatic intestinal FXR and its target genes in NAFLD mice was further examined. Analysis of serum and hepatic bile acid profiles and expression related to hepatic lipid metabolism. It was found that Fex could stimulate intestinal FXR, promote fibroblast growth factor 15 (FGF15) secretion, inhibit the expression of cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily A member 1 (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid synthesis in liver, regulate bile acid synthesis by negative feedback, and improve the disorder of bile acid metabolism. At the same time, Fex reduces liver lipid synthesis and absorption, increases fatty acid oxidation, thus improving liver lipid metabolism. This study shows that Fex can improve NAFLD by activating intestinal FXR-FGF15 signal pathway and regulating liver lipid metabolism.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 429-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994729

ABSTRACT

Frailty is a nonspecific state with the decline of physiological reserve leading to the increased vulnerability and decreased anti-stress ability in the elderly. Frailty can cause cognitive impairment and physical function decline, and increase the risk of a series of adverse events such as hospitalization, disability and death in the elderly. Studies have shown that early intervention can reverse debilitating condition; therefore, early and timely intervention of frailty has important practical significance for improving the health status of the elderly and reducing the pressure on the medical system. This article reviews frailty interventions and their effects in the elderly, including sports intervention, nutrition intervention, drug intervention and integrated intervention, focusing on the research progress of frailty intervention, to provide reference for clinical management of frailty in the community-dwelling elderly.

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