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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 455-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984744

ABSTRACT

CT screening has markedly reduced the lung cancer mortality in high-risk population and increased the detection of early-stage pulmonary neoplasms, including multiple pulmonary nodules, especially those with a ground-glass appearance on CT. Multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) constitutes a specific subtype of lung cancer with indolent biological behaviors, which is predominantly early-stage adenocarcinoma. Although MPLC progresses slowly with rare lymphatic metastasis, existence of synchronous lesions and distributed location of these nodules still pose difficulty for the management of such patients. One single operation is usually insufficient to eradicate all neoplastic lesions, whereas repeated surgical procedures bring about another dilemma: whether clinical benefits of surgical treatment outweigh loss of pulmonary function following multiple operations. Therefore, despite the anxiety for treatment among MPLC patients, whether and how to treat the patient should be assessed meticulously. Currently there is a heated discussion upon the timing of clinical intervention, operation mode and the application of local therapy in MPLC. Based on clinical experience of our multiple disciplinary team, we have summarized and commented on the evaluation, surgical treatment, non-surgical local treatment, targeted therapy and immunotherapy of MPLC in this article to provide further insight into this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Lung/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 382-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984733

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze poly-guanine (poly-G) genotypes and construct the phylogenetic tree of colorectal cancer (CRC) and provide an efficient and convenient method for the study of intra-tumor heterogeneity and tumor metastasis pathway. Methods: The clinicopathological information of patients with primary colorectal cancer resection with regional lymph node metastases were retrospectively collected in the Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from January 2017 to December 2017. The paraffin sections of the paired tumor samples were performed consecutively, and multi-region microdissection was performed after histogene staining. The phenol-chloroform extraction and ethanol precipitation scheme was used to obtain DNA, and Poly-G multiplex PCR amplification and capillary electrophoresis detection were performed. The correlation between Poly-G mutation frequency and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Based on the difference of Poly-G genotypes between paired samples, the distance matrix was calculated, and the phylogenetic tree was constructed to clarify the tumor metastasis pathway. Results: A total of 237 paired samples were collected from 20 patients including 134 primary lesions, 66 lymph node metastases, 37 normal tissues, and Poly-G mutation was detected in 20 patients (100%). The mutation frequency of Poly-G in low and undifferentiated patients was (74.10±23.11)%, higher than that in high and medium differentiated patients [(31.36±12.04)%, P<0.001]. In microsatellite instability patients, the mutation frequency of Poly-G was (68.19±24.80)%, which was higher than that in microsatellite stable patients [(32.40±14.90)%, P=0.003]. The Poly-G mutation frequency was not correlated with age, gender, and pathological staging (all P>0.05). Based on Poly-G genotype difference of the paired samples, the phylogenetic trees of 20 patients were constructed, showing the evolution process of the tumor, especially the subclonal origins of lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: Poly-G mutations accumulate in the occurrence and development of CRC, and can be used as genetic markers to generate reliable maps of intratumor heterogeneity in large numbers of patients with minimal time and cost expenditure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Poly G , Phylogeny , Mutation , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 992-998, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the gene mutations in patients with myeloid malignancies by high-throughput sequencing and explore the correlation between gene mutations and prognosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 56 patients with myeloid malignancies who were hospitalized in the department of hematology, Peking University International Hospital from January 2020 to May 2021. The genetic mutations of the patients were detected by next-generation sequencing technology, and the correlation between the genetic mutations and prognosis of myeloid malignancies was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In 56 patients, the number of mutated genes detected in a single patient is 0-9, with a median of 3. Sequencing results showed that the most common mutated genes were RUNX1(21.4%), TET2(17.9%), DNMT3A(17.9%), TP53(14.3%) and ASXL1(14.3%), among which the most common mutations occurred in the signaling pathway-related genes (23.3%) and the transcription factor genes (18.3%). 84% of the patients carried multiple mutated genes (≥2), and correlation analysis showed there were obvious co-occurring mutations between WT1 and FLT3, NPM1 and FLT3-ITD, and MYC and FLT3. TP53 mutation was more common in MDS patients.The overall survival time of patients with NRAS mutation was significantly shortened (P =0.049). The prognosis of patients with TP53 mutation was poor compared with those without TP53 mutation, but the difference wasn't statistically significant (P =0.08).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of next-generation sequencing technology is of great significance in myeloid malignancies, which is helpful to better understand the pathogenesis of the disease, to judge the prognosis and to find possible therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Mutation
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6075-6081, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008806

ABSTRACT

With the continuous exploration of microemulsions as solvents for traditional Chinese medicine extraction, polyoxyethy-lene(35) castor oil(CrEL), a commonly used surfactant, is being utilized by researchers. However, the problem of detecting residues of this surfactant in microemulsion extracts has greatly hampered the further development of microemulsion solvents. Based on the chemical structures of the components in CrEL and the content determination method of castor oil in the 2020 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(Vol. Ⅳ), this study employed gas chromatography(GC) and single-factor experiments to optimize the preparation method of methyl ricinoleate from CrEL. The conversion coefficient between the two was validated, and the optimal sample preparation method was used to process microemulsion extracts of Zexie Decoction from three batches. The content of methyl ricinoleate generated was determined, and the content of CrEL in the microemulsion extracts of Zexie Decoction was calculated using the above conversion coefficient. The results showed that the optimal preparation method for CrEL was determined. Specifically, 10 mL of 1 mol·L~(-1) KOH-methanol solution was heated at 60 ℃ for 15 min in a water bath. Subsequently, 10 mL of boron trifluoride etherate-methanol(1∶3) solution was heated at 60 ℃ for 15 min in a water bath, followed by extraction with n-hexane twice. CrEL could stably produce 20.84% methyl ricinoleate. According to this conversion coefficient, the average mass concentration of CrEL in the three batches of Zexie Decoction microemulsion extracts was 11.94 mg·mL~(-1), which was not significantly different from the CrEL mass concentration of 11.57 mg·mL~(-1) during microemulsion formulation, indicating that the established content determination method of this study was highly accurate, sensitive, and repeatable. It can be used for subsequent research on microemulsion extracts of Zexie Decoction and provide a reference for quality control of other drug formulations containing CrEL.


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Castor Oil , Methanol , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Solvents , Water/chemistry , Emulsions/chemistry
5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 148-156, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999465

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Elevated plasma D-dimer level is a poor prognostic factor for many solid tumors. However, limited research has been conducted on D-dimer in children with neuroblastoma (NB), and its clinical significance remains unclear. The present study investigated the clinical and prognostic significance of D-dimer in pediatric NB patients. @*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of all newly admitted NB patients was conducted from January 2014 to December 2020.Baseline clinicopathological features, preoperative laboratory parameters, and follow-up information were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the relationship between D-dimer level, clinical features, and the prognostic value. @*Results@#Among 266 patients, the median value of D-dimer was 2.98 ng/mL, of which 132 patients showed elevated D-dimer levels before surgery (>2.98 ng/mL). Univariate analysis revealed that elevated D-dimer was significantly associated with age, hemoglobin, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, neuron-specific enolase, 24-hour vanillylmandelic acid, overall survival, and so on (P < 0.05). Patients with elevated D-dimer levels had shorter median overall survival time when compared with normal D-dimer levels (P = 0.01). The prognosis was better in patients with normal D-dimer levels when combined with lower age, ganglioneuroblastoma tumor type, lower stage on International Neuroblastoma Staging System, low-risk group, and without bone metastasis or bone marrow metastasis. The continuous increase of D-dimer level after treatment indicated tumor recurrence or progression. @*Conclusion@#A high D-dimer level is associated with low overall survival, and an elevated D-dimer level after treatment indicates tumor recurrence and progression. D-dimer can be used as one of the evaluation factors for NB treatment or prognosis.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2766-2769, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of tigecycline on coagulation function in patients with severe renal insufficiency, and to provide a reference for safe clinical drug use. METHODS Retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of patients with severe renal dysfunction complicated with infection receiving tigecycline admitted to nephrology department of our hospital from January 2021 to October 2022. The levels of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), platelet (PLT) and fibrinogen (FIB) were compared 3 days before medication, with 1-5, 6-10, 11-15 and 16-20 days after medication, 5 days after withdrawal and/or after symptomatic treatment. RESULTS Finally, 14 patients were included, and 9 patients developed coagulopathy, with an incidence of 64.29%. Compared with 3 days after medication, the levels of FIB at 6-10 and 11-15 days after medication, and PLT at 1-5 , 6-10 and 11- 15 days after medication were decreased significantly, while the levels of PT at 1-5 and 6-10 days after medication, APTT at 1-5, 6-10 and 11-15 days after medication were significantly prolonged, and INR increased significantly at 1-5 and 6-10 days after medication (P<0.05). Compared with 3 days before medication, there were no statistically significant changes in FIB, PT, INR, APTT and PLT at 16-20 days after medication and 5 days after withdrawal and/or symptomatic treatment(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Patients with severe renal insufficiency should be cautious with tigecycline, which can lead to prolonged PT and APTT, increased INR, and decreased PLT and FIB. If medication time is over 14 days, dynamic monitoring of coagulation function indicators is recommended to reduce the risk of adverse reactions.

7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 31-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998517

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of temperature on the risk of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) and population susceptibility. Methods The data of HFMD cases in Chengdu from January 1, 2016 to October 31, 2022 were collected, and local meteorological data during the same period were also collected. Distributional lag nonlinear models were developed. The relative risk (RR) of morbidity at different temperatures and different lags was calculated. Differences in the relative risk levels of different populations were analyzed and compared. Results A total of 263 776 cases of HFDM were reported in Chengdu during the study period. The distribution of HFMD was periodic. For the overall population, the short-term average temperature and RR showed a “U”-shaped relationship. When the lag time was 0-7 days, the cumulative RR was 1.59 (95%CI: 1.18-2.14) at the average temperature of -0.5℃ and 2.16 (95%CI: 1.60-2.91) at the average temperature of 34.5℃. The RR values under high and low temperatures decreased with increasing lag period. When the lag time was extended, the average temperature and RR showed an inverted “U”-shaped relationship, with higher RR at moderate temperatures and increasing as the lag period increased. The results of the subgroups showed that the RR of onset among scattered children was higher at high and low temperatures. Conclusion The risk effect of temperature on the onset of HFMD in different populations is variable and changes with the lag period, and the prevention and control measures should be adjusted in a timely and targeted manner.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 134-140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988189

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of microemulsion on the distribution of index components in different phases of Zexietang extract based on high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and phase separation process. MethodParticle size meter and transmission electron microscope were used to characterize the colloidal particles in blank microemulsion, aqueous extract of Zexietang and microemulsion extract of Zexietang. The phase separation process was established by high-speed centrifugation and dialysis, and based on this process, the aqueous extract and microemulsion extract of Zexietang were separated into the true solution phase, the colloidal phase and the precipitation phase, respectively. The contents of six components, including atractylenolide Ⅲ, atractylenolide Ⅱ, 23-acetyl alisol C, alisol A, alisol B and alisol B 23-acetate, were determined by HPLC with the mobile phase of water(A)-acetonitrile(B) for gradient elution(0-5 min, 40%-43%B; 5-20 min, 43%-45%B; 20-45 min. 45%-60%B; 45-75 min, 60%-80%B). The solubility of the index components in water and microemulsion was determined by saturation solubility method. ResultThe colloidal particles in the aqueous extract, microemulsion extract and blank microemulsion were all spherical, and the particle size, polydispersity index(PDI) and Zeta potential of the colloidal particles were in the order of aqueous extract >microemulsion extract >blank microemulsion. The results of phase separation showed that the colloidal phase and the true solution phase could be completely separated by dialysis for 2.5 h, and the phase separation process was tested to be stable and feasible. Compared with the aqueous extract of Zexietang, the use of microemulsion as an extraction solvent could increase the contents of atractylenolide Ⅲ, 23-acetyl alisol C, atractylenolide Ⅱ , alisol A, alisol B and alisol B 23-acetate by 3.75, 6.82, 35.47, 10.66, 35.41, 27.75-fold, and could increase the extraction efficiencies of the latter five constituents by 2.03, 1.15, 1.70, 6.43, 5.53 times. The solubility test showed that the microemulsion could significantly improve the solubility of atractylenolide Ⅱ, alisol A, alisol B and alisol B 23-acetate, but it had less effect on the solubility of atractylenolide Ⅲ and 23-acetyl alisol C. ConclusionMicroemulsion can improve the extraction efficiency and increase the distribution of the index components in the colloidal phase state of Zexietang to different degrees, providing a reference for the feasibility of microemulsion as an extraction solvent for traditional Chinese medicine.

9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 637-643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulatory mechanism of human hepatocyte apoptosis induced by lysosomal membrane protein Sidt2 knockout.@*METHODS@#The Sidt2 knockout (Sidt2-/-) cell model was constructed in human hepatocyte HL7702 cells using Crispr-Cas9 technology.The protein levels of Sidt2 and key autophagy proteins LC3-II/I and P62 in the cell model were detected using Western blotting, and the formation of autophagosomes was observed with MDC staining.EdU incorporation assay and flow cytometry were performed to observe the effect of Sidt2 knockout on cell proliferation and apoptosis.The effect of chloroquine at the saturating concentration on autophagic flux, proliferation and apoptosis of Sidt2 knockout cells were observed.@*RESULTS@#Sidt2-/- HL7702 cells were successfully constructed.Sidt2 knockout significantly inhibited the proliferation and increased apoptosis of the cells, causing also increased protein expressions of LC3-II/I and P62(P < 0.05) and increased number of autophagosomes.Autophagy of the cells reached a saturated state following treatment with 50 μmol/L chloroquine, and at this concentration, chloroquine significantly increased the expressions of LC3B and P62 in Sidt2-/- HL7702 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Sidt2 gene knockout causes dysregulation of the autophagy pathway and induces apoptosis of HL7702 cells, and the latter effect is not mediated by inhibiting the autophagy-lysosomal pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lysosomal Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Autophagy , Apoptosis , Hepatocytes , Lysosomes/metabolism , Chloroquine/pharmacology , Nucleotide Transport Proteins/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 286-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970375

ABSTRACT

Gelsemium elegans is a traditional Chinese herb of medicinal importance, with indole terpene alkaloids as its main active components. To study the expression of the most suitable housekeeping reference genes in G. elegans, the root bark, stem segments, leaves and inflorescences of four different parts of G. elegans were used as materials in this study. The expression stability of 10 candidate housekeeping reference genes (18S, GAPDH, Actin, TUA, TUB, SAND, EF-1α, UBC, UBQ, and cdc25) was assessed through real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, GeNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, ΔCT, and RefFinder. The results showed that EF-1α was stably expressed in all four parts of G. elegans and was the most suitable housekeeping gene. Based on the coexpression pattern of genome, full-length transcriptome and metabolome, the key candidate targets of 18 related genes (AS, AnPRT, PRAI, IGPS, TSA, TSB, TDC, GES, G8H, 8-HGO, IS, 7-DLS, 7-DLGT, 7-DLH, LAMT, SLS, STR, and SGD) involved in the Gelsemium alkaloid biosynthesis were obtained. The expression of 18 related enzyme genes were analyzed by qRT-PCR using the housekeeping gene EF-1α as a reference. The results showed that these genes' expression and gelsenicine content trends were correlated and were likely to be involved in the biosynthesis of the Gelsemium alkaloid, gelsenicine.


Subject(s)
Genes, Essential , Gelsemium/genetics , Peptide Elongation Factor 1/genetics , Transcriptome , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Alkaloids , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Reference Standards
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 122-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997665

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on serum pharmacochemistry and ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) the transitional components in the serum of rats after intragastric administration of water extract of Alismatis Rhizoma(AR)and salt-processed Alismatis Rhizoma(SAR) were compared. MethodSD rats were randomly divided into blank group, AR group(10 g·kg-1) and SAR group(10 g·kg-1), 3 rats in each group, the administration groups were given AR and SAR aqueous extracts by gavage, respectively, and the blank group was given an equal volume of drinking water by gavage once in the morning and once in the evening, for 3 consecutive days. Sixty minutes after the last administration, blood was collected from the eye orbits, and the serum samples were prepared. The serum samples were prepared on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(B) in a gradient elution(0-10 min, 10%-50% A; 10-27 min, 50%-95%A; 27-27.1 min, 95%-10% A; 27.1-30 min, 10%A), the data were collected at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1 in positive ion mode with a scanning range of m/z 100-1 200. Based on the self-constructed chemical composition library of AR, the total ion flow diagrams and secondary MS fragmentation information of the aqueous extracts of AR and SAR, as well as the administered serum and the blank serum, were compared with each other by UNIFI 1.9.2, so as to deduce the possible blood-migrating constituents and their cleavage patterns in the aqueous extracts, and the response intensity ratios of each chemical component were calculated before and after processing. ResultA total of 20 components, including 5 prototypical components and 15 metabolites, were analyzed and deduced from the serum of rats given aqueous extract of AR. And 14 components, including 5 prototypical components and 9 metabolites, were analyzed and deduced from the serum of rats given aqueous extract of SAR. Of these, 13 components were common to both of them, including 5 prototypical components and 8 metabolites. The 5 prototypical components were 16-oxoalisol A, alisol A 24-acetate, alisol A, alisol B and alisol C. The metabolites were mainly involved in phase Ⅰ metabolism(oxidation) and phase Ⅱ metabolism(glucuronidation). There was a big change in the intensity of response of the common components before and after salt-processing, and the response intensities of the prototypical components, 16-oxoalisol A, alisol B and alisol C, were elevated, while the type and response intensity of metabolites were generally decreased, and it was hypothesized that the metabolic rate of terpenoids might be slowed down after salt-processing of AR, so that the blood-migrating constituents could participate in the metabolism of the body more in the form of prototypes. ConclusionSalt-processing of AR may promote the absorption of prototypical components into the blood by slowing down the metabolic rate of terpenoids, which can provide support for the research on material basis of AR and SAR.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 521-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of microsatellite instability (MSI) and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients with endometrial carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 365 patients with endometrial carcinoma who received surgery in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital between January 2020 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of 4 DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins (MLH1, MSH2, MHS6, and PMS2), estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and p53 mutant protein in postoperative cancer tissue samples from 365 patients with endometrial carcinoma. All patients were divided into MSI group (1 or more non-expression of MMR protein) and microsatellite stability (MSS) group (4 proteins were all expressed), and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients in both groups were compared. φ efficient was used to analyze the correlation of MSI with ER, PR, p53 mutant protein expressions. Results:There were 72 cases (19.7%) in MSI group and 293 cases (80.3%) in MSS group; and the age of all patients was (53±19) years (21-83 years). There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of MSI patients in endometrial carcinoma patients with different age [>50 years vs. ≤50 years: 22.1% (61/276) vs. 12.4% (11/89)], tumor diameter [≤2 cm vs. > 2 cm: 25.9% (30/116) vs. 16.8% (42/249)], International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging [stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ vs. stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ: 31.1% (14/45) vs. 18.1% (58/320)], histological type [type Ⅰ vs. type Ⅱ: 21.7% (71/327) vs. 2.6% (1/38)] (all P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the proportion of MSI patients with different depth of invasion, degree of differentiation, lymph node metastasis, vascular involvement, and lesion location (all P > 0.05). Among 327 cases of type Ⅰendometrial carcinoma, 1 case was mucinous adenocarcinoma (MSS status), and the other 326 cases were endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Of the 72 patients with MSI, 71 cases were endometrioid carcinoma and the other was 1 of 3 mixed carcinomas in type Ⅱ endometrial carcinoma. There was a negative correlation between MSI and mutant p53 ( φ coefficient was -0.11, P = 0.031), and φ coefficient of the correlation of MSI with ER and PR was -0.03 and -0.06, while there were no statistically significant differences ( P value was 0.578 and 0.255, respectively). Conclusions:Endometrioid adenocarcinoma is the main type of endometrial cancer patients with MSI. MSI in endometrial cancer is correlated with age, FIGO staging, tumor diameter and histological type of patients, while negatively correlated with mutant p53.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1260-1264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992450

ABSTRACT

Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor has become a new drug for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Recent studies have shown that the mechanism of PCSK9 in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is very complex, which is closely related to the increase of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, apoptosis, autophagy, inflammation, foam cell formation and vascular smooth muscle cell calcification, which will help us better understand the " multiple effects" of PCSK9 inhibitors. This review aims to analyze the research status of PCSK9 in molecular structure, cell function and cardiovascular disease treatment, which will further consolidate the success of new treatment strategies for atherosclerosis.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 634-637, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992349

ABSTRACT

YKL-40 protein, also called chitinase 3 like 1 (CHI3L1), is a highly conserved secreted glycoprotein in racial evolution, belonging to the " 18-glycosyl hydrolase" family. A large number of studies have shown that YKL-40 is involved in the pathological process of many diseases. There is little research information about YKL-40 in ocular diseases yet. This article mainly summarizes the research progress of YKL-40 in ocular diseases in the domestic and foreign literatures to provide reference for further clinical research.

15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 616-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953839

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases based on Delphi method. Methods Based on literature reviews and expert interviews, a questionnaire was designed and a two-round Delphi consultation was performed. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed according to the deletion criteria and experts’ advice. Results A total of 14 experts completed the two-round consultation. The second-round authority coefficients were 0.91 to 0.96 for the first-level indicators, 0.87 to 0.97 for the second-level indicators and 0.86 to 0.97 for the third-level indicators. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed with the main framework of basic knowledge and awareness, healthy behaviors, and healthy skills, which contained 3 first-level indicators, 12 second-level indicators and 48 third-level indicators. Among the three first-level indicators, basic knowledge and awareness had the highest weighting coefficient (0.336 5), followed by healthy behaviors (0.334 9), and healthy skills had the lowest weighting coefficient (0.328 6). The three secondary-level indicators with the highest combined weights included awareness of the epidemic status (0.088 2), awareness of the resource of infection (0.085 8) and basic awareness of parasitic diseases (0.085 5). Conclusion A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases is preliminarily constructed, which provides insights into the development of health literacy evaluation tools for prevention of parasitic diseases in the new era.

16.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 310-318, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982161

ABSTRACT

Spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is a protective mechanism for cells to undergo accurate mitosis. SAC prevented chromosome segregation when kinetochores were not, or incorrectly attached to microtubules in the anaphase of mitosis, thus avoiding aneuploid chromosomes in daughter cells. Aneuploidy and altered expression of SAC component proteins are common in different cancers, including lung cancer. Therefore, SAC is a potential new target for lung cancer therapy. Five small molecule inhibitors of monopolar spindle 1 (MPS1), an upstream component protein of SAC, have entered clinical trials. This article introduces the biological functions of SAC, summarizes the abnormal expression of SAC component proteins in various cancers and the research progress of MPS1 inhibitors, and expects to provide a reference for the future development of lung cancer therapeutic strategies targeting SAC components.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Spindle Apparatus/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism
17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 670-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005688

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the network structure characteristics and core items of meaning in life and coping styles among college students, and provide a basis for understanding their relationships and related interventions. 【Methods:】 A survey was conducted among college students using the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Meaning in Life Questionnaire . The network analysis method was used to construct a network of college students’ meaning in life and coping styles, and R software was used for statistical analysis and visualization. 【Results:】 In the network of college students’ meaning in life and coping styles, "believing that time will change the status quo, and the only thing to do is to wait" and "trying to forget the whole thing" had the closest connection. "Learning from others to handle similar difficult situations" had the highest expected impact. "Seeking the meaning in life" and "pursuing hobbies and actively participating in cultural and sports activities" had the highest bridge expected influence. The average predictability value of all nodes was 0.775. 【Conclusions:】 Interventions aimed at "learning from others to handle similar difficult situations", "changing one’s own ideas and rediscovering what is important in life" and "changing some of the original practices or problems" may maximize the coping effect of college students. "Seeking the meaning in life" can furthest influence the coping styles, and "pursuing hobbies and actively participating in cultural and sports activities" can maximize the improvement of meaning in life.

18.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 167-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005527

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the network characteristics of sleep quality and anxiety in first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, further understand the relationship between sleep quality and anxiety, and provide basis for intervention. 【Methods:】 Using the convenient sampling method, this paper used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) to conduct a questionnaire survey on the front-line medical staff who fought against the epidemic during the COVID-19. Network analysis was used to construct sleep quality and anxiety network, and R language was used for statistical analysis and visualization. 【Results:】 In the network of sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, "sleep disorder" and "sleep quality", "unfortunate premonition" and "inability to sit still", "syncope" and "hand and foot tingling" were highly related. "Fatigue", "dizziness" and "panic" had the highest expected influence. "Sleep quality", "sleep disorder" and "fatigue" had the highest bridge expected influence. The average predictability value of all nodes was 0.778. 【Conclusion:】 This paper used network analysis to explore the sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19 and found that there was a unique correlation path between them. Intervention against core symptoms can ameliorate anxiety and sleep problems to the great extent, and provide guidance for improving the physical and mental health.

19.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 818-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004749

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method for the determination of residual human coagulation factor Ⅺ in human prothrombin complex and validate the method. 【Methods】 Human factor Ⅺ was reacted with the capture antibody coated on the microtiter plate. After appropriate washing steps, biotinylated primary antibody was bound to the captured protein. Excess primary antibody was washed away and bound antibody was reacted with horseradish peroxidase conjugated streptavidin. TMB substrate was used for color development at 450 nm. The dilution reliability, accuracy, specificity, repeatability, intermediate precision, linearity, range and durability were verified. 【Results】 The verification results showed that the accuracy and specificity of this method met the experimental requirements, with an average recovery rate of 109.2% and RSD of 6.93%. The repeatability RSD was 6.78%, and the intermediate precision RSD was 6.75%, indicating good precision. The linear regression correlation coefficient of standard curve was 0.999 9, showing good accuracy and precision within the linear range. The durability was verified by the incubation time and the validity period of reagent kit opening. The results showed that the RSD of the incubation time change was 6.62%, indicating that the incubation time of this detection method was controlled between 28 to 32 minutes, and there was no significant impact on the results. The RSD of the detection results before and after the reagent kit was opened and stored under conditions for 7 days was 3.84%, indicating that the preservation of the reagent kit according to the conditions for 7 days after opening has no effect on the FⅪ detection results. Both indicated that the method had good durability. The dilution reliability results showed that there was a "hook" effect in the detection of FⅪ residue in human prothrombin complex, which could be solved by diluting 100 to 200 times. 【Conclusion】 This method can be used for the determination of FⅪ residues of human prothrombin complex in laboratory.

20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 443-450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969858

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish and evaluate a method of enriching bacteriophages in natural water based on ferric trichloride-polyvinylidene fluoride (FeCl3-PVDF)membrane filter. Methods: Based on the principle of flocculation concentration, the method of recovering bacteriophage from water sample was established by using iron ion flocculation combined with membrane filter. The titer of phage was determined by Agar double layer method. The recovery efficiency of phage was detected by phage fluorescence staining and real-time fluorescence PCR reaction. Water samples from different sources were collected for simulation experiment to evaluate the enrichment effect. At the same time, the sewage discharged from hospitals was taken as the actual water sample, and the common clinical drug-resistant bacteria were used as the host indicator bacteria to further analyze the enrichment effect of FeCl3-PVDF membrane filter rapid enrichment method on the bacteriophage in natural water samples. Results: The method of enrichment of bacteriophages in natural water by iron ion concentration 50 mg/L and PVDF membrane filter was established. The recovery rate of this method for bacteriophage was 93%-100%. Under the multi-functional microscope, it was found that the bacteriophage of the enriched water sample increased significantly and the fluorescence value of the enriched water sample determined by the enzyme labeling instrument was about 13 times as high as that before enrichment. After concentration of the actual water samples from the hospital drainage, the positive rate of bacteriophage isolation in the concentrated group and the non-concentrated group was 23% and 4%, and the fluorescence value in the concentrated group was 2-24 times as high as that of the non-concentrated group. Conclusion: The method of FeCl3-PVDF membrane filter is a simple, efficient and rapid method for enriching bacteriophages in different water samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteriophages , Bacteria , Iron , Iron, Dietary , Water
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