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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 130-139, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007670

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly malignant tumor with a very poor prognosis; therefore, more effective treatments are urgently needed for patients afflicted with the disease. In recent years, emerging molecular classifications based on key transcription factors of SCLC have provided more information on the tumor pathophysiology, metastasis, immune microenvironment, and acquired therapeutic resistance and reflected the intertumoral heterogeneity of the various SCLC phenotypes. Additionally, advances in genomics and single-cell sequencing analysis have further revealed the high intratumoral heterogeneity and plasticity of the disease. Herein, we review and summarize these recent lines of evidence and discuss the possible pathogenesis of SCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Genomics , Phenotype , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989644

ABSTRACT

Based on the resutls of literature review and interviews of experts, two rounds of Delphi surveys were conducted. The mean, importance ratio, coefficient of variation and coordination coefficient were used for assessment of survey from multiple perspectives, and finally form a framework model of factors affecting the efficacy of Tuina therapy. A total of 37 experts were selected for questionnaire surveys, the positive coefficients of experts' participatation in the first round and second round were 92.5% and 80.0%, respectively. The overall coordination coefficient in the second round is 0.68. The items were included into the consensus meeting if the importance ratio of items were equal to and more than 80%. After the expert consensus meeting, 22 items were included to form a framework model of factors affecting the efficacy of Tuina therapy, and summarized as 5 major influencing factors, including diagnostic factors, treatment factors, prognostic factors, patient factors, and doctor-patient communication. This framework can guide and help young Tuina practitioners to improve clinical efficacy. It is also clearly pointed out that the effect of Tuina for pain is not only related to disease diagnosis or manipulation, but also related to home exercise, health care, and doctor-patient communication.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical features of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and their association with prognosis.@*METHODS@#Clinical and prognosis data were collected from the children with JMML who were admitted from January 2008 to December 2016, and the influencing factors for prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 63 children with JMML were included, with a median age of onset of 25 months and a male/female ratio of 3.2∶1. JMML genetic testing was performed for 54 children, and PTPN11 mutation was the most common mutation and was observed in 23 children (43%), among whom 19 had PTPN11 mutation alone and 4 had compound PTPN11 mutation, followed by NRAS mutation observed in 14 children (26%), among whom 12 had NRAS mutation alone and 2 had compound NRAS mutation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was only 22%±10% in these children with JMML. Of the 63 children, 13 (21%) underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The HSCT group had a significantly higher 5-year OS rate than the non-HSCT group (46%±14% vs 29%±7%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the 5-year OS rate between the children without PTPN11 gene mutation and those with PTPN11 gene mutation (30%±14% vs 27%±10%, P>0.05). The Cox proportional-hazards regression model analysis showed that platelet count <40×109/L at diagnosis was an influencing factor for 5-year OS rate in children with JMML (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The PTPN11 gene was the most common mutant gene in JMML. Platelet count at diagnosis is associated with the prognosis in children with JMML. HSCT can improve the prognosis of children with JMML.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile/therapy , Prognosis , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978470

ABSTRACT

Cerebral hemorrhage accounts for about 10%-15% of all strokes, and its pathogenesis is complex. Currently, the main clinical treatment is mainly medical symptomatic treatment, including the use of antihypertensive drugs, hypoglycemic drugs, and hemostatic drugs, and surgical treatment is required in some cases, but there is still a lack of effective treatment. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine and proprietary Chinese medicine have been widely accepted for their stable efficacy, high safety, and low cost. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma is one of the most commonly used herbal medicines for the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage. This paper summarizes the relevant literature on the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and finds that its active ingredients are mainly anthraquinones, such as emodin, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma acid, and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma phenol. The herbal formulas are Da Chengqitang, Shengdi Dahuangtang, Liangxue Tongyufang, and Naoxueshu oral liquid. The effects involve protecting the blood-brain barrier, promoting hematoma absorption, reducing inflammation levels, decreasing lactic acid accumulation at the bleeding site, and increasing the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factors. The pathways involved include aquaporin 4 (AQP4), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and Wnt3a/β-linked protein pathway. This paper summarizes the progress of clinical studies and animal experiments on the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage with active ingredients of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and herbal compounds containing Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, so as to provide a reference for the treatment protocol of cerebral hemorrhage.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1199-1204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients with hematologic diseases complicated with carbapenem-resistant organisms (CRO) infection and analyze the risk factors of 30-day all-cause mortality.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and laboratory test data of 77 hospitalized patients with hematologic diseases complicated with CRO infection in department of hematology of the Third Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analysed, the risk factors of 30-day all-cause mortality after CRO infection were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Among the total of 77 patients with hematologic diseases complicated with CRO infection, 29 died and 48 survived within 30 days of infection, with a case fatality rate of 37.66%. A total of 93 strains of CRO were isolated from these patients, of which Acinetobacter baumannii had the highest detection rate (25.81%, 24/93), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (18.28%, 17/93). The lung was the most common site of CRO infection. The detected pathogens were highly resistant to carbapenems, and 64.52% (60/93) of the pathogens were resistant to imipenem with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)≥16 μg/ml. The results of the univariate analysis showed that albumin concentration <25 g/L (P =0.048), serum creatinine concentration≥120 μmol/L (P =0.023), age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) (P =0.037) and primary treatments (supportive treatment, immunosuppressive therapy, chemotherapy, HSCT) (P =0.048) were significantly associated with 30-day all-cause mortality after infection. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that when CRO infection confirmed, albumin concentration <25 g/L (P =0.014, OR=6.171), serum creatinine concentration≥120 μmol/L (P =0.009, OR=10.867) were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality of patients with hematologic diseases complicated with CRO infection.@*CONCLUSION@#The mortality rate of CRO-infected patients with hematologic diseases is high. The detected pathogenic bacteria are highly resistant to imipenem. The albumin concentration <25 g/L and the serum creatinine concentration≥ 120 μmol/L at diagnosis of CRO infection were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality of the patients with hematologic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Retrospective Studies , Creatinine , Hematologic Diseases , Risk Factors , Imipenem , Albumins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008797

ABSTRACT

Vascular dementia(VD) is a condition of cognitive impairment due to acute and chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. The available therapies for VD mainly focus on mitigating cerebral ischemia, improving cognitive function, and controlling mental behavior. Achievements have been made in the basic and clinical research on the treatment of VD with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) active components, including Ginkgo leaf extract, puerarin, epimedium, tanshinone, and ginsenoside. Most of these components have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidant, and neuroprotective effects, and puerarin demonstrates excellent performance in mitigating cholinergic nervous system disorders and improving synaptic plasticity. Puerarin, ginkgetin, and epimedium are all flavonoids, while tanshinone is a diterpenoid. Puerariae Lobatae Radix, pungent in nature, can induce clear Yang to reach the cerebral orifices and has the wind medicine functions of ascending, dispersing, moving, and scurrying. Puerariae Lobatae Radix entering collaterals will dredge blood vessels to promote blood flow, and that entering the sweat pore will open the mind, which is in line with the TCM pathogenesis characteristics of VD. This study reviews the progress in the mechanism of puerarin, the main active component of Puerariae Lobatae Radix, in treating VD. Puerarin can ameliorate cholinergic nervous system disorders, reduce excitotoxicity, anti-inflammation, inhibit apoptosis, alleviate oxidative stress injury, enhance synaptic plasticity, up-regulate neuroprotective factor expression, promote cerebral circulation metabolism, and mitigate Aβ injury. The pathways of action include activating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2)/antioxidant response element(ARE), vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), extracellular regulated protein kinases(ERK), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt), Janus-activating kinase 2(JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3), AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK), as well as inhibiting the tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), transient receptor potential melastatin 2(TRPM2)/N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(NMDAR), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappaB(NF-κB), early growth response 1(Egr-1), and matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP-9). By reviewing the papers about the treatment of VD by puerarin published by CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, and Web of Science in the last 10 years, this study aims to support the treatment and drug development for VD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dementia, Vascular/drug therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Antioxidants , Brain Ischemia , Cholinergic Agents
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the safety and short-term effectiveness of blinatumomab in the treatment of childhood relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R-ALL).@*METHODS@#Six children with R/R-ALL who received blinatumomab treatment from August 2021 to August 2022 were included as subjects, and a retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data.@*RESULTS@#Among the six children, there were three boys and three girls, with a median age of 10.5 (5.0-13.0) years at the time of inclusion. Of all six children, one had refractory ALL and did not achieve remission after several times of chemotherapy, and 5 relapsed for the first time, with a median time of 30 (9-60) months from diagnosis to relapse. Minimal residual disease (MRD) before treatment was 15.50% (0.08%-78.30%). Three children achieved complete remission after treatment, among whom two had negative conversion of MRD. Five children had cytokine release syndrome (CRS), among whom 3 had grade 1 CRS and 2 had grade 2 CRS. Four children were bridged to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with a median interval of 50 (40-70) days from blinatumomab treatment to transplantation. The six children were followed up for a median time of 170 days, and the results showed an overall survival rate of 41.7% (95%CI: 5.6%-76.7%) and a median survival time of 126 (95%CI: 53-199) days.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blinatumomab has good short-term safety and effectiveness in the treatment of childhood R/R-ALL, and its long-term effectiveness needs to be confirmed by studies with a larger sample size.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents , Retrospective Studies , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Antibodies, Bispecific/adverse effects
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 527-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the gene mutation profile of newly diagnosed pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and analyze its effect on minimal residual disease (MRD). Methods: A total of 506 newly diagnosed B-ALL children treated in Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The enrolled children were divided into MRD ≥1.00% group and <1.00% group according to MRD results on the 19th day since chemotherapy, and MRD ≥0.01% group and <0.01% group according to MRD results on the 46th day. Clinical characteristics and gene mutations of two groups were compared. Comparisons between groups were performed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Independent risk factors of MRD results on the 19th day and the 46th day were analyzed by Logistic regression model. Results: Among all 506 patients, there were 318 males and 188 females. On the 19th day, there were 114 patients in the MRD ≥1.00% group and 392 patients in the MRD <1.00% group. On the 46th day, there were 76 patients in the MRD ≥0.01% group and 430 patients in the MRD <0.01% group. A total of 187 gene mutations were detected in 487 (96.2%) of 506 children. The most common gene mutations were signal transduction-related KRAS gene mutations in 111 cases (22.8%) and NRAS gene mutations in 99 cases (20.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that PTPN11 (OR=1.92, 95%CI 1.00-3.63), KMT2A (OR=3.51, 95%CI 1.07-11.50) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.27-0.87), BCR-ABL1 (OR=0.27, 95%CI 0.08-0.92) fusion genes and age >10 years (OR=1.91, 95%CI 1.12-3.24) were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥1.00% on the 19th day. BCORL1 (OR=2.96, 95%CI 1.18-7.44), JAK2 (OR=2.99, 95%CI 1.07-8.42) and JAK3 (OR=4.83, 95%CI 1.50-15.60) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.21-0.87) fusion gene were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥0.01% on the 46th day. Conclusions: Children with B-ALL are prone to genetic mutations, with abnormalities in the RAS signaling pathway being the most common. Signal transduction related PTPN11, JAK2 and JAK3 gene mutations, epigenetic related KMT2A gene mutation and transcription factor related BCORL1 gene mutation are independent risk factors for MRD.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genomics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 357-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, treatment regime, and outcome of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Methods: The clinical data, genetic and molecular results, treatment process and survival status of 7 cases of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML children admitted to the Pediatric Blood Diseases Center of Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2015 to February 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML accounted for 1.02% (7/683) of pediatric AML diagnosed in the same period, with 4 males and 3 females. The age of disease onset was 8.2 (7.5, 9.5) years. The blast percentage in bone marrow was 0.275 (0.225, 0.480), and 6 cases were M5 by FAB classification. Pathological hematopoiesis was observed in all cases except for one whose bone marrow morphology was unknown. Three cases carried FLT3-ITD mutations, 4 cases carried NRAS mutations, and 2 cases carried KRAS mutations. After diagnosis, 4 cases received IAE induction regimen (idarubicin, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received MAE induction regimen (mitoxantrone, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received DAH induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine) and 1 case received DAE induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and etoposide). Complete remission was achieved in 3 cases after one course of induction. Four cases who did not achieved complete remission received CAG (aclarubicin, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor), IAH (idarubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine), CAG combined with cladribine, and HAG (homoharringtonine, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) combined with cladribine reinduction therapy, respectively, all 4 cases reached complete remission. Six patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after 1-2 sessions of intensive consolidation treatment, except that one case was lost to follow-up after complete remission. The time from diagnosis to HSCT was 143 (121, 174) days. Before HSCT, one case was positive for flow cytometry minimal residual disease and 3 cases were positive for DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Three cases accepted haploid donors, 2 cases accepted unrelated cord blood donors, and 1 case accepted matched sibling donor. The follow-up time was 20.4 (12.9, 53.1) months, the overall survival and event free survival rates were all 100%. Conclusions: Pediatric AML with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene is a unique and rare subtype, often diagnosed in relatively older children. The disease is characterized with a low blast percentage in bone marrow, significant pathological hematopoiesis and a high mutation rate in FLT3-ITD and RAS genes. Low remission rate by chemotherapy only and very high recurrence rate indicate its high malignancy and poor prognosis. Early HSCT after the first complete remission can improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins/genetics , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between FAB morphological classification and World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 classification in children with acute erythroid leukemia(AEL), and to summarize the clinical features and prognosis.Methods:Clinical data of de nova childhood AEL patients from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2019, in Pediatric Blood Disease Center, Institute of Hematology & Blood Disease Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.All of them were re-evaluated according to the WHO 2016 classification.Results:(1) A total of 20 patients were diagnosed as AEL by FAB classification.According to the criteria of WHO 2016, they were re-diagnosed as myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)- refractory anemia with excess of blasts (11 cases), acute myeloid leukemia with MDS-related changes (3 cases), acute monocytic leukemia (1 case), and pure red leukemia (PEL, 5 cases). (2) Pathological hematopoiesis was frequently detected in bone marrow smears.Auer bodies were seen occasionally in some blasts.The most common antigen expressing were CD 117, CD 13, CD 33, CD 34, CD7, and CD 38.Karyotype analysis was performed in 18 cases successfully, involving 6 cases with abnormal karyotypes, including + 8, -7, 22p+ , t (3; 5: ? ), + 3q-, 15q-, and del (9)(q13). (3) Thirteen cases were treated by chemotherapy, and the one-course complete remission rate was 38.5%.By July 1, 2020, only 2 cases were alive without disease.The overall survival was 49 months and 11 months, respectively. Conclusions:Childhood AEL is susceptible to pathological hematopoiesis, poor response to early chemotherapy and poor prognosis.After re-evaluation according to WHO 2016 classification, most of them were diagnosed as MDS-related.Therefore, adjusting the suitable induction regimen with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may improve the prognosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospective analyze the reason of death in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, and the experience was summarized in order to reduce the mortality.@*METHODS@#916 children diagnosed as ALL and accepted CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol from April 2008 to April 2015 in our hospital were enrolled, the dead cases in them were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#169 children died, including 111 (65.7%) males and 58 (34.3%) females. Recurrence was the main reason of death. 150 (88.7%) children died due to recurrence, among them, 86 (57.3%) cases gave up directly. The second reason of death was infection. The main clinical sites of infection were concentrated in respiratory system and digestive system. Bacterial infection was most common (Gram-negative was common).@*CONCLUSION@#Enough finance and improving family compliance can decrease the mortality in children with ALL. Early rational use of antibiotics can reduce infection-related mortality in children with ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the outcomes of the children suffered from philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph@*METHODS@#21 cases of firstly diagnosed Ph@*RESULTS@#Among 21 patients, 17 were male and 4 were female with a median age of 8 years old (range, 4-12 years), the median follow-up time was 30 moths (range, 10-133 months). All the patients were treated with chemotherapy induced by the high-risk project of CCLG-ALL 2008. Among 14 patients treated with TKI plus chemotherapy, nine patients achieved complete remission. During 3 months after treatment, patients without complete molecular response or with the second complete remission and intensity desire of transplantation were treated with allo-HSCT, among 9 patients with allo-HSCT, six patients achieved long term survival.@*CONCLUSION@#At TKI era, TKI combined with strong chemotherapy can make Ph


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with AML-MRC from June 2014 to March 2020, including clinical features, laboratory examination results, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 14 children with AML-MRC, there were 9 boys and 5 girls, with a median age of 11 years (range: 1-17 years), a median leukocyte count of 8.3×10@*CONCLUSIONS@#Childhood AML-MRC is often observed in boys, and AML-M5 is the most common type based on FAB classification. Such children tend to have a poor prognosis. HSCT is expected to improve the poor prognosis of children with AML-MRC. However due to the small number of cases, it is necessary to increase the number of cases for further observation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD.@*RESULTS@#A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Delivery Rooms , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1896-1902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Two hundred and five children with SAA treated in our department from January 2008 to April 2018 were selected, and the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 205 SAA children, the effective rate (CR+PR) at 3, 6 and 12 months after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) treatment was 50.9%, 59.0% and 73.9%, respectively, and 5-year overall survival rate was 93.1%±2.0%. Univariate analysis showed that 5-year overall survival rate of SAA children of spontaneous delivery was higher than that of cesarean section (P=0.039), while multivariate analysis showed that birth way had no significant influence on 5-year overall survival rate (P>0.05). The response rate at 3 months after IST of children with a recent history of decoration before SAA onset was higher than those without history of decoration (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Most of the SAA children can achieve high response rate and overall survival rate. Patients with recent history of home/school decoration may be the factor affecting hematological response after 3 months of IST, but have no influence on long-term overall survival.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anemia, Aplastic , Cesarean Section , Immunosuppressive Agents , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and side effects of reduced-dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A for severe aplastic anemia(SAA) children.@*METHODS@#Ten pediatric patients with SAA from January 2008 to May 2012 were enrolled. All the patients were treated with reduced dose of cyclophosphamide combined cyclosporine A. The dose of cyclophosphamide was 30 mg/(kg·d)×4 d, the dose of cyclosporine A gradually increased >15 mg/L accroding to the blood concentration.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time of the 10 pediatric patients was 100 months (6-126 months). Among 10 children with SAA, 4 cases achieved complete response(CR), 3 cases obtained partial response (PR) and the overall response rate was 70%, the remaining 3 cases showed no response (NR). One refractory patient treated by cyclophosphamide was progressed to paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH) at 25 months and was dead at 42 months after therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The results show that reduced-dose cyclophosphamide (30 mg/kg·d for 4 consecutive days) combinated with CsA (initial dose 4 mg/kg·d, and drugvallery concentration >150 ng/ml) can make 7 of 10 children with severe aplastic anemia achieve complete response or partial response, and this regimen may be the second line regimen selected for some SAA children.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1831-1836, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the consistency between FCM and PCR on the detecting of MRD in TCF3-PBX1@*METHODS@#55 cases of paediatric TCF3-PBX1@*RESULTS@#Among the 55 children with TCF3-PBX1@*CONCLUSION@#The detection result of MRD in TCF3-PBX1 detect by FCM and PCR shows better consistency. MRD positivity detected by FCM at the end of induction therapy (day 33) predicts a high risk of relapse in TCF3-PBX1 ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Marrow , Neoplasm, Residual , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the pharmacokinetic characteristics, clinical effect, and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on children with ALL who cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and 6-mercaptopurine were used for consolidation therapy. PEG-rhG-CSF (PEG-rhG-CSF group) or rhG-CSF (rhG-CSF group) was injected after chemotherapy. The plasma concentration of PEG-rhG-CSF was measured, and clinical outcome and safety were observed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 children with ALL were enrolled, with 9 children in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and 8 children in the rhG-CSF group. In the PEG-rhG-CSF group, the peak concentration of PEG-rhG-CSF was 348.2 ng/mL (range 114.7-552.0 ng/mL), the time to peak was 48 hours (range 12-72 hours), and the half life was 14.1 hours (range 11.1-18.1 hours). The plasma concentration curve of PEG-rhG-CSF was consistent with the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated clearance. Compared with the rhG-CSF group, the PEG-rhG-CSF group had a significantly shorter median time to absolute neutrophil count (ANC) recovery (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pharmacokinetic characteristics of PEG-rhG-CSF in children with ALL receiving consolidation chemotherapy are consistent with the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated clearance, with a short half life and fast recovery of ANC, and there are no significant differences in safety between PEG-rhG-CSF and rhG-CSF.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Neutropenia , Polyethylene Glycols , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins
19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 107-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the laboratory characteristics and diagnostic methods for therapy-related acute megakaryocytic leukemia (t-AMKL).Methods:The data of one child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Blood Disease Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College in September 2014 was retrospectively analyzed. After inducing remission for more than 43 months, the child was diagnosed as t-AMKL.Results:After the diagnosis of ALL, the child was given chemotherapy with standard childhood ALL regimen. After 43 months, t-AMKL was diagnosed by comprehensive morphology, cytogenetics, and molecular biology. Bone marrow morphology showed that the proportion of primitive cells was 0.44; flow cytometry showed the phenotype was abnormal myeloid primitive cells; the pathology result showed that the abnormal cells weakly expressed CD42b and CD61; the electron microscopy showed platelet peroxidase (PPO)-positive and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-negative; the bone marrow immunohistochemistry showed the positive rate of CD41 was 34%; the child had a complex karyotype. After reviewing his medical history, he was diagnosed as t-AMKL.Conclusion:The t-AMKL is relatively rare, and it is helpful to improve the prognosis of patients by completing the relevant examinations for early diagnosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the significance of CD20 combined with white blood cell (WBC) count at diagnosis in the prognosis assessment in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 821 B-ALL children who were treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen from April 2008 to April 2015. Their survival status was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Among the 821 children, 547 (66.6%) were negative, while 274 (33.4%) were positive for CD20 expression. Among 694 children with WBC50×10/L (higher WBC count), the 5-year EFS rates was 64.3%±7.7% and 53.7%±5.5% for CD20 positive and negative patients respectively (P=0.135); the 5-year OS rate was 81.4%±6.4% and 58.6%±5.6% for CD20 positive and negative patients respectively (P=0.022); CD20 positive expression was an independent protective factor for OS (HR=0.367, P=0.016).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with B-ALL who are treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen, those with CD20 positive expression in lower WBC count at diagnosis have a poor prognosis; however, those with CD20 positive expression in higher WBC count at diagnosis have a better long-time survival.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Antigens, CD20 , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Leukocyte Count , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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