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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose and evaluate the clinical effect of midpiece facial nerve dissection through transparotid approach in regional parotidectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 136 patients with benign parotid tumors were categorized into three groups according to the way of facial nerve dissection: anterograde dissection from main trunk (anterograde, n=70), retrograde dissection from distal branches (retrograde, n=34), and midpiece dissection through transparotid approach (middle dissection, n=32). Surgery duration, facial nerve injury, salivary fistula, earlobe sensation, Frey's syndrome, and aesthetic evaluation were compared.@*RESULTS@#The surgery duration in the middle dissection group was significantly shorter than that in the other two groups. The proportion of salivary fistula was higher in the anterograde group (9 cases, 12.9%; P<0.05) compared with that in the other groups. Postoperative facial nerve injury was similar between the middle dissection (1 case, 3.1%) and anterograde groups (3 cases, 4.3%) with lower injury rate compared with the retrograde group (7 cases, 20.6%). The anterograde group had more cases of hypoesthesia of the earlobe (12 cases, 17.1%; P<0.05) than the other two groups. Aesthetic score was higher in the anterograde and middle dissection groups compared with that in the retrograde group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Midpiece facial nerve dissection is technically feasible and clinically viable in regional parotidectomy.


Subject(s)
Esthetics, Dental , Facial Nerve , Humans , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture treatment on the levels of cortisol and immune factors in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID) combined with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A total of 78 ONID patients combined with depressive symptoms were randomly divided into control group(40 cases) and electroacupuncture group(38 cases) by a random number table method. The control group received routine therapy, while the electroacupuncture group was treated with routine therapy plus electroacupuncture on alternate days, 3 times a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The levels of salivary cortisol, as well as the serum levels of cortisol, tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6) and C-reactive protein(CRP) of the two groups were observed and compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: Before treatment, the levels of saliva cortisol in the morning and night, and the serum levels of cortisol, IL-6, TNF-α and CRP in the two groups were compared, and the differences were not statistically significant(P>0.05). After treatment, the serum cortisol level of patients in electroacupuncture group reduced than that before treatment in the same group(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the levels of salivary cortisol in the morning and night, and serum cortisol before and after treatment both in control group and electroacupuncture group(P>0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α decreased in electroacupuncture group as compared with those before treatment and those after treatment in control group(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture treatment could reduce the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum of ONID patients combined with depressive symptoms. The regulation of electroacupuncture on the inflammatory cytokines may be one of the mechanisms in treating ONID combined with depressive symptoms.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871876

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors related to hospitalization events in out patients on hemodialysis and to evaluate the effect of serum retinol-binding protein (RBP) level on hospitalization events in patients on hemodialysis.Methods:Case-control study. A total of 80 patients on dialysis were recruited, including 47 men (58.8%) and 33 women (41.2%), with an average age of (60.9±11.7) years (range: 32-89 years) and a median dialysis age of 43.6 months. Dialysis-related data were collected, the serum RBP level was detected using the ELISA method. Patients were followed-up until June 30, 2019, to record the events associated with all kinds of hospitalization events. The t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test were used to compare the differences between the hospitalized event group and the non-event group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the related risk factors of hospitalization events. The Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze survival data. Results:During the 19-month follow-up period, 26/80 patients (32.5%) had 67 events of hospitalization. There was no difference ( P>0.05) in age, sex composition, dialysis age, ratio of diabetes/hypertension, interval dialysis weight gain (IDWG), systolic/diastolic blood pressure before dialysis, kt/v and URR between the groups with or without hospitalization events. The cut-off point of serum RBP was calculated using the patient′s highest Youden index. The patients were divided into the high-RBP group ( n=44) and low-RBP group ( n=36) according to the level of 165.34 mg/L. The incidence of hospitalization events in the high-RBP group was higher than that in the low-RBP group (45.45%>16.67%, P=0.006). Using the multivariate logistic regression model, after adjusting for sex, age, albumin and total cholesterol (CHO), only the serum RBP level was independently correlated with hospitalization events. The high-RBP group had an odds ratio ( OR) of 3.64 (95 %CI, 1.14-11.58; P=0.029) compared with the low-level group in hospitalization events. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the incidence of hospitalization events in the high-RBP group was significantly higher than that in the low-RBP group ( P=0.0058). The test results of the multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model showed that for patients on hemodialysis, an elevated serum RBP level is an independent risk factor for hospitalization events. Conclusion:Elevated serum RBP level is correlated with hospitalization events in patients on hemodialysis. RBP is an independent risk factor for hospitalization events in outpatients on hemodialysis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773259

ABSTRACT

Extrusion-spheronisation method was used to prepare Rhus chinensis total phenolic acid pellets. The formula and preparation of R. chinensis total phenolic acid pellets were optimized. The formulas( drug loading capacity,diluent,wetting agent and anti-sticking agent) were determined by the single factor test with yield,appearance and performance as the indexes. The preparation was optimized by Box-Behnken design and response surface method,with the rate of extrusion,rate of spheronization and time of spheronization as the independent variables and the overall desirability value of yield,friability and roundness as the dependent variables. The optimal formula of pellets was as follows: drug loading capacity 28. 7%,MCC-lactose 9 ∶1,silicon dioxide as anti-sticking agent,and 60% ethanol as wetting agent. The optimal preparation was determined as follows: the rate of extrusion was 43 r·min-1,the rate of spheronization was 1 800 r·min-1,and the time of spheronization was 4 min. The absolute deviation between predicted value and estimated value under the conditions was less than 5. 0%,with a high degree of model fit. The preparation parameters obtained were accurate,reliable and reproducible. Under scanning electron microscopy( SEM),R. chinensis total phenolic acid pellets were uniform in diameter,round and smooth. The optimal formulation and process are stable and feasible for preparing R. chinensis total phenolic acid pellets.


Subject(s)
Drug Compounding , Methods , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Particle Size , Rhus , Chemistry , Solubility
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773084

ABSTRACT

The intestinal absorption properties of four main effective components(gallic acid, ocinolglucoside, ethyl gallate and penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose) in Rhus chinensis extracts were investigated by in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion model in rats. The liquid accumulation of perfusion was corrected by gravimetry. The HPLC method was established to determine the concentration of the four effective components in the intestinal perfusion. It showed significant differences(Pethyl gallate>gallic acid>ocinolglucoside, with significant differences between them(P<0.05). In conclusion, gallic acid, orpheolglucoside, ethyl gallate and pentacyl-glucose could be absorbed in the whole intestine. Their absorption rate and permeation ability were related to the intestinal section and the perfusate concentration. These results indicated potential active transport or facilitated diffusion in the intestinal transport process of the four effective components.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hydroxybenzoates , Metabolism , Intestinal Absorption , Perfusion , Phytochemicals , Metabolism , Rats , Rhus , Chemistry
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the potential efficacy of panaxadiol saponins component (PDS-C) in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA) model mice.@*METHODS@#Totally 70 mice were divided into 7 groups as follows: normal, model, low-, medium-, high-dose PDS-C (20, 40, 80 mg/kg, namely L-, M-, H-PDS-C), cyclosporine (40 mg/kg), and andriol (25 mg/kg) groups, respectively. An immune-mediated AA mouse model was established in BALB/c mice by exposing to 5.0 Gy total body irradiation at 1.0 Gy/min, and injecting with lymphocytes from DBA mice. On day 4 after establishment of AA model, all drugs were intragastrically administered daily for 15 days, respectively, while the mice in the normal and model groups were administered with saline solution. After treatment, the peripheral blood counts, bone marrow pathological examination, colony forming assay of bone marrow culture, T lymphocyte subpopulation analysis, as well as T-bet, GATA-3 and FoxP3 proteins were detected by flow cytometry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The peripheral blood of white blood cell (WBC), platelet, neutrophil counts and hemoglobin (Hb) concentration were significantly decreased in the model group compared with the normal group (all P<0.01). In response to 3 dose PDS-C treatment, the WBC, platelet, neutrophil counts were significantly increased at a dose-dependent manner compared with the model group (all P<0.01). The myelosuppression status of AA was significantly reduced in M-, H-PDS-C groups, and hematopoietic cell quantity of bone marrow was more abundant than the model group. The colony numbers of myeloid, erythroid and megakaryocytic progenitor cells in the model group were less than those of the normal mice in bone marrow culture, while, PDS-C therapy enhanced proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells by significantly increasing colony numbers (all P<0.01). Furthermore, PDS-C therapy increased peripheral blood CD3 and CD3CD4 cells and reduced CD3CD8 cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Meanwhile, PDS-C treatment at medium- and high doses groups also increased CD4CD25FoxP3 cells, downregulated T-bet protein expression, and upregulated GATA-3 and FoxP3 protein expressions in spleen cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PDS-C possesses dual activities, promoting proliferation hematopoietic progenitor cells and modulating T lymphocyte immune functions in the treatment of AA model mice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701180

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effects of panaxadiol saponins(PDS)on up-regulation of MAPK/ERK signal pathway in bone marrow cells and increase in regulatory T(Treg)cells in spleen tissue of aplastic anemia(AA)mice,and to explore the mechanisms.METHODS:For preparation of immune-mediated AA model,BALB/c mice were exposed to sublethal dose(5.0 Gy)of [60Co]-γradiation, followed by transplantation of lymphocytes from DBA /2 donor mice. BALB/c mice(n=60)were randomly divided into 6 groups,including normal mouse group,AA model group,PDS treat-ment groups at low,medium and high doses,and cyclosporine group as positive control.PDS and cyclosporine were given by gavage for 14 d.The peripheral blood cell counts and bone marrow pathological examination were tested.The protein levels of MEK1/2,p-MEK1/2,ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 in the bone marrow cells were analyzed by Western blot and im-munohistochemistry experiment.Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Treg cells in spleen tissue of each group.RESULTS:The peripheral blood cell counts were significantly decreased in AA mouse group as compared with nor -mal mouse group(P<0.05).The bone marrow sections showed markedly inhibition status of hematopoiesis and the de -crease in cellularity.In response to PDS treatment,the peripheral blood cell counts and Treg cells in the spleen tissues of AA mouse treated with PDS were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.05).Treatment with PDS at medium and high doses up-regulated the protein levels of MEK1/2,p-MEK1/2,ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 in the bone mar-row of AA mice(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:PDS is effective to enhance recovery of hematopoietic function in AA mice. This effect may be related to up-regulating multiple protein kinases of MAPK/ERK signal pathway in the bone marrow cells of AA mice.In addition,PDS has an impact on immune function of AA mice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737296

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the general mechanical behavior pattern of sensing angular velocity by 3 pairs of human semicircular canals.Methods Sinusoidal head rotation of a healthy subject was simulated by finite element method to analyze the dynamic responses in the above 3 pairs of canals in the left and right inner ear.Results Compared with the complicated node displacement distribution,the volumetric strain distribution of cupula was regular.Specifically,each pair of cupulae expanded or contracted within the same amplitude with the same response frequency to the angular velocity.The ratio of absolute volumetric strain among the horizontal semicircular canal cupula (HC cupula),the anterior semicircular canal cupula (AC cupula),and the posterior semicircular canal cupula (PC cupula),was approximately 1.00∶0.80 ∶ 1.72,which kept constant.In addition,the volumetric strain of HC cupula was in phase with that of AC cupula,but showing 14.4° out of phase with the angular velocity,and 180° out of phase with that of PC cupula.Conclusions The volumetric strain of cupula can preferably characterize the directional coding function of semicircular canal,and the amplitude,frequency and phase of the cupular volumetric strain can encode those of the stimulated angular velocity,respectively.These results will lay the foundation for establishing quantitative relationship of vestibulo-ocular reflex,and provide theoretical references for quantitative assessment for vestibular function by nystagmus examination.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735828

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the general mechanical behavior pattern of sensing angular velocity by 3 pairs of human semicircular canals.Methods Sinusoidal head rotation of a healthy subject was simulated by finite element method to analyze the dynamic responses in the above 3 pairs of canals in the left and right inner ear.Results Compared with the complicated node displacement distribution,the volumetric strain distribution of cupula was regular.Specifically,each pair of cupulae expanded or contracted within the same amplitude with the same response frequency to the angular velocity.The ratio of absolute volumetric strain among the horizontal semicircular canal cupula (HC cupula),the anterior semicircular canal cupula (AC cupula),and the posterior semicircular canal cupula (PC cupula),was approximately 1.00∶0.80 ∶ 1.72,which kept constant.In addition,the volumetric strain of HC cupula was in phase with that of AC cupula,but showing 14.4° out of phase with the angular velocity,and 180° out of phase with that of PC cupula.Conclusions The volumetric strain of cupula can preferably characterize the directional coding function of semicircular canal,and the amplitude,frequency and phase of the cupular volumetric strain can encode those of the stimulated angular velocity,respectively.These results will lay the foundation for establishing quantitative relationship of vestibulo-ocular reflex,and provide theoretical references for quantitative assessment for vestibular function by nystagmus examination.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667251

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare real-time PCR and gomori-methenamine silver stain in the diagnosis of pneumocystis peumonia (PCP).Methods 2 525 unrepeated specimens from suspected PCP patient admitted in Peaking Union Medical College Hospital were collected in 2014.2 492 samples were detected by gomori-methenamine silver stain,33 samples were detected by real-time PCR,and 429 samples were detected by both methods at the meanwhile.With clinical diagnosis as reference standard,the sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the two methods were analysised.Results Positive rate of gomori-methenamine silver stain was 1.2 % (30/2 492).The first three specimen types were sputum,tracheal intubation suction and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid,the positive rate was 0.70 % (13/1 845),4.00% (10/250) and 2.72% (7/257) respectively.Positive rate of realtime PCR was 34.20% (158/462),and the positive rate of sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was 30.61% (105/343) and 44.54% (53/119) respectively.The sensitivity were 13.97% vs 72.07%,specificity were 100% vs 94.24%,positive predictive value were 100% vs 92.14% and negative predictive value were 55.36% vs 78.26% for gomori-methenamine silver stain and real-time PCR respectively.All of which were statistically significant analysed by x2 test for paired data.The x2 value and P alue were x2 =68.625,P<0.01;x2 =4.296,P<0.05;x2 =6.380,P<0.01 and x2 =11.873,P<0.01.Conclusion The real-time PCR had higher sensitivity,fewer interference factors and more clinical diagnostic value,so clinicians should make more use of real-time PCR to diagnose PCP earlier.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore a novel pH-sensitive fluorescent probe for in vivo tumor imaging. METHODS Zn5 were obtained in 140℃ after mixed with MeOH, water, Zn(NO3)2 · 6H2O, H4L and trimethylamine. The fluorescence spectra of Zn5 with the same concentration in different pH aqueous solutions were detected. And the stability of Zn5 was investigated by time dependent fluorescence emission spectra of Zn5 in BSA aqueous solution and 5.0% serum solution. Then, the cytotoxicity of Zn5 was detected by MTT assays. To clarify whether a similar fluorescence response occurs in biological organisms, HeLa cells were pretreated with probe Zn5 (0.5 μmol·L- 1) and fluorescence imaging were collected for targeting lysosomes in living cells because of lysosomes' acidic microenvironment. The A375 tumor-bearing mice were used to assess the imaging ability of Zn5 in vivo. Mouse tumor xenografts were established by injection of A375 cells with 2×106 cells per flank. Probe (1 μg·g-1) was administered to mice by injection. Images were obtained using IVIS Spectrum CT Imaging System. RESULTS There is a 11-fold intensity increasing as the pH values changing from 8 to 2. The almost unchanged emission intensities suggest Zn5 is stable in both BSA and serum. Zn5 has negligible cytotoxicity for HeLa, 293T and CHO-K1 cells. Zn5 can selectively display lysosomes in living cells. Both the 2D and 3D images in vivo distinguish the tumor from other tissues with good fluorescence contrast. CONCLUSION The high chemical stability, emission in the Vis/NIR range, pH sensitivity, a pKa located in the tumor pH range, and low toxicity make Zn5 is suitable for application as a pH- sensitive fluorescent probe for bio-imaging.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618333

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore clinical characteristics and severity of coronary lesions in young and aged patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods: A total of 60 young AMI patients and 60 aged AMI patients hospitalized in our hospital from Oct 2014 to Apr 2016 were randomly selected as youth group and aged group respectively.General data, clinical characteristics, coronary lesion severity and incidence of adverse events during hospitalization were analyzed and compared between two groups.Results: Compared with aged group, there were significant rise in percentages of male (75.0% vs.100.0%), smoking (43.33% vs.76.67%), family history of CHD (18.33% vs.46.67%) and obesity (30.00% vs.53.33%);and significant reductions in percentages of hypertension (63.33% vs.33.33%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (50.00% vs.13.33%), P<0.05 or <0.01;significant rise in percentages of clear causes (30.0% vs.60.0%), typical chest pain (58.33% vs.86.67%) and STEMI (43.33% vs.76.67%), significant reductions in percentages of old myocardial infarction history (13.33% vs.0), atypical chest pain and NSTEMI, P<0.01 all;significant rise in percentages of single-vessel disease (18.33% vs.63.33%),medium stenosis (16.67% vs.40.00%), and significant reductions in percentages of multi-vessel disease (61.67% vs.20.00%) and severe stenosis (45.00% vs.20.00%) in youth group, P<0.01 all.Compared with aged group, there was significant reduction in incidence rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (88.33% vs.13.33%) in youth group during hospitalization, P=0.001.Conclusion: Compared with aged patients,the symptoms and ECG manifestations are more typical, vascular lesion range is limited, and complications are few in young AMI patients.

13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E008-E014, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803803

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the general mechanical behavior pattern of sensing angular velocity by 3 pairs of human semicircular canals. Methods Sinusoidal head rotation of a healthy subject was simulated by finite element method to analyze the dynamic responses in the above 3 pairs of canals in the left and right inner ear. Results Compared with the complicated node displacement distribution, the volumetric strain distribution of cupula was regular. Specifically, each pair of cupulae expanded or contracted within the same amplitude with the same response frequency to the angular velocity. The ratio of absolute volumetric strain among the horizontal semicircular canal cupula (HC cupula), the anterior semicircular canal cupula (AC cupula), and the posterior semicircular canal cupula (PC cupula), was approximately 1.00︰0.80︰1.72, which kept constant. In addition, the volumetric strain of HC cupula was in phase with that of AC cupula, but showing 14.4° out of phase with the angular velocity, and 180° out of phase with that of PC cupula. Conclusions The volumetric strain of cupula can preferably characterize the directional coding function of semicircular canal, and the amplitude, frequency and phase of the cupular volumetric strain can encode those of the stimulated angular velocity, respectively. These results will lay the foundation for establishing quantitative relationship of vestibulo-ocular reflex, and provide theoretical references for quantitative assessment for vestibular function by nystagmus examination.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287163

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of panaxadiol saponins component (PDS-C) isolated from total saponins of panax ginseng on proliferation, differentiation and corresponding gene expression profile of megakaryocytes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow culture of colony forming assay of megakaryocytic progenitor cells (CFU-MK) was observed for the promoting proliferation mediated by PDS-C, and differentiation of megakaryocytic blasts caused by PDS-C was analyzed with flow cytometry in CHRF-288 and Meg-01 cells, as well as proliferation, differentiation-related genes expression profile and protein expression levels were detected by human gene expression microarray and western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In response to PDS-C 10, 20 and 50 mg/L, CFU-MK from 10 human bone marrow samples was increased by 28.9%±2.7%, 41.0%±3.2% and 40.5%±2.6% over untreated control, respectively (P <0.01, each). Flow cytometry analysis showed that PDS-C treated CHRF-288 cells and Meg-01 cells significantly increased in CD42b, CD41, TSP and CD36 positive ratio, respectively. PDS-C induced 29 genes up-regulated more than two-fold commonly in both cells detected by human expression microarray representing 4000 known genes. The protein expression levels of ZNF91, c-Fos, BTF3a, GATA-1, RGS2, NDRG2 and RUNX1 were increased with western blot in correspond to microarray results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PDS-C as an effective component for hematopoiesis, play the role to enhance proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes, also up-regulated expression of proliferation, differentiation-related genes and proteins in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Profiling , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Megakaryocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Patents as Topic , Saponins , Pharmacology , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , Genetics
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287118

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Pai-Neng-Da Capsule (panaxadiol saponins component, PND), a new Chinese patent medicine, on patients with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA) and to explore the optimal therapeutic regimen for CAA.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A total of 36 patients with CAA were enrolled and divided into three groups: the AP group (20 cases, andriol 120 mg/day + PND 240 mg/day), the ACP group (13 cases, andriol 120 mg/day + cyclosporine 3-6 mg kd(-1) day(-1) + PND 240 mg/day), and the PND group (3 cases, PND 240 mg/day). All patients were treated and followed up for 6 months. Peripheral blood counts, renal and hepatic function and Chinese medical (CM) symptoms of patients were assessed and all indices were gathered at the beginning and end of the study.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In the AP group, no significant hematologic difference was observed at the end of 6-month treatment comparing with the beginning. In the ACP group, the blood counts were maintained at the same level after the 6-month treatment. In the PND group, trilineage hematologic improvement was displayed at the end of 6-month treatment comparing with the beginning. No significant difference was showed in renal and hepatic function in all patients. All patients' clinical symptom improved according to CM symptom score. The effective rates were 95%, 73% and 100%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PND improved the efficacy and decreased side effects by cutting down the dosage of andriol, and it could also improve patients' clinical symptom and quality of life. PND were effective and safe in the treatment of CAA, it could be used alone or in combination with pharmacological agents such as andriol and cyclosporine.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anemia, Aplastic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Capsules , Chronic Disease , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Erythrocyte Count , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Saponins , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare polysaccharides, alkaloids, and polyphenols from fresh Portulaca oleracea and study their hypoglycemic effects. Methods: The suitable macroporous resin and adequate separation and purification technology were selected to prepare polysaccharides, alkaloids, and polyphenols from fresh P. oleracea; Then their hypoglycemic effects were studied by analyzing fasting blood serum, insulin, and MDA and SOD from STZ induced diabetic mice. Results: All these three compositions can low fasting blood serum of diabetic mice. What's more, polysaccharides and polyphenols can obviously improve the content of SOD and degrade the content of MDA, while alkaloids can promote pancreatic β echylosis. Conclusion: Polysaccharides, alkaloids, and polyphenols from fresh P. oleracea possess anti-diabetic effects, and the integral administration of the three compositions has better hypoglycemic effect.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 801-805, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337102

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical values of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD)-Na scoring system and the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) scoring system for predicting the short-term prognosis of acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 339 patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure and admitted to the Eighth People's Hospital of Guangzhou and Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University between January 2010 and December 2012 were included in this retrospective analysis. The short-term predictive values of MELD-Na and CTP scores were compared for this patient population.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean MELD-Na score in the advanced stage of liver failure was significantly higher than those in the early and middle stages, respectively (both P less than 0.01). The mean MELD-Na score in the middle stage of liver failure was also significantly higher than that in the early stage (P less than 0.01). In contrast, the mean CTP scores for the three stages of liver failure were not significantly different (all P more than 0.05). The MELD-Na score showed a stronger correlation with the stage of liver failure (rs =0.485, P less than 0.01) than did the CTP score (rs =0.306, P less than 0.01). The short-term mortality rates were significantly different for the three stages of liver failure (P less than 0.01). The mean MELD-Na score of the death group was significantly higher than that of the survival group (P less than 0.01). The CTP scores, however, were not significantly different between the death and survival groups (P more than 0.05).The short-term mortality rate of liver failure was significantly higher for patients with increased scores for the MELD-Na and CTP systems (both P less than 0.01). The areas under the curve of the MELD-Na and CTP scores were 0.813 and 0.823, respectively. The MELD-Na and CTP score have similar predictive values (P more than 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MELD-Na scoring system is slightly superior to the CTP scoring system for predicting short-term prognosis of acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure.The predictive value may improve for both the MELD-Na score and the CTP score when combined with expert clinical practice and experience.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sodium
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194863

ABSTRACT

Kinetin (Kn) is a cytokinin growth factor that exerts several anti-aging and antioxidant effects on cells and organs. To investigate the mechanism underlying apoptotic events in aging cells induced by D-galactose (D-gal), we examined the effect of Kn delivered via nuchal subcutaneous injection on D-gal-induced aging and apoptosis in rats. Our results showed that interleukin (IL)-2 levels and mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) were decreased by Kn in aging rats while IL-6 production and apoptosis increased. In addition, the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 was low while that of Bax was high in the aging group. After treated with Kn, compared with aging group, there showed obvious difference in Kn group with elevated IL-2, proliferation index, Bcl-2, DeltaPsim and decreased IL-6 and Bax in splenic lymphocyte. Based on these results, we concluded that Kn can effectively protect the rat spleen from aging, apoptosis, and atrophy.


Subject(s)
Aging/drug effects , Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Female , Galactose/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/physiology , Interleukins/physiology , Kinetin/pharmacology , Male , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial/drug effects , Rats , Spleen/cytology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231604

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome types of chronic aplastic anemia (CAA) patients and the distribution laws of typical CM symptoms in different genders.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2002 to June 2012, 220 CAA outpatients/inpatients at Department of Hematology, Zhejiang Chinese Medical Hospital were recruited. Patients' symptoms and signs, as well as four diagnostic information at the first onset were collected. CM syndrome differentiation was performed. The syndrome types and typical symptoms were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In the 220 CAA patients, there were 121 cases of Shen yang deficiency syndrome (55.0%), 18 of Shen yin deficiency syndrome type (8.18%), 81 cases of Shen yin-yang deficiency syndrome (36.82%). (2) The distribution of typical symptoms: fatigue and shortness of breath (77.12% males and 73.53% females), pale complexion (64.41% males and 57.84% females), low temperature of four limbs (12.71% males and 26.47% females), spontaneous perspiration and night sweating (32.20% males and 26.47% females), dry mouth and throat (6.78% males and 6.86% females), feverish feelings in palms and soles (14.41% males and 20.59% females), loose stool (6.78% males and 2.94% females), petechiae and ecchymosis (42.37% males and 43.14% females).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Shen yang deficiency syndrome was most often seen in CAA patients at the initial diagnosis, followed by Shen yin-yang deficiency syndrome. Shen yin deficiency syndrome was the least seen. In CM symptoms, fatigue and shortness of breath were most common seen, followed by pale complexion, skin petechia and ecchymosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anemia, Aplastic , Diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis , Young Adult
20.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 97-100, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474604

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and regulation mechanism of mimic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) cul-ture of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) on levels of tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-αand intercellular adhe-sion molecule (ICAM)-1. Methods HUVECs were randomly divided into four groups:control group (normal media cell cul-ture+control siRNA transfection), mimic I/R+control siRNA transfection group (HUVECs were transfected with control siR-NA, for 48 h ,and then received mimic ischemic media culture for 30 min followed by normal media culture for 4 h), normal culture+p65 siRNA transfection group and mimic I/R+p65 siRNA transfection group. The expression levels of TNF-αand ICAM-1 mRNA and protein were determined by real-time PCR and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respec-tively. Results The mRNA and supernatant protein levels of TNF-αand ICAM-1 were significantly increased in mimic I/R culture group (4.96±0.16 and 3.33±0.30)μg/L than those of other tree groups (P<0.05). The level of ICAM-1 mRNA was significantly higher in I/R+p65 siRNA transfection group (1.87±0.21)μg/L than that of control group (1.58±0.15) μg/L and normal culture+p65 siRNA transfection group [(1.69±0.21)μg/L, P<0.05]. The levels of TNF-αand ICAM-1proteins were (329.98 ± 12.18) μg/L and (654.74 ± 64.79) μg/L in mimic I/R+control siRNA transfection group, which were significantly higher than those of other three groups (P<0.05). The levels of TNF-αand ICAM-1 proteins were (129.65±22.42)μg/L and (185.76±11.27)μg/L in mimic I/R+p65 siRNA transfection group, which were significantly lower than those of contro group [(183.50±11.77)μg/L and (280.43±13.76)μg/L, P<0.05]. Conclusion The silencing of p65 through transfection of p65 siRNA in HUVECs inhibited mimic I/R-induced mRNA and protein expressions of TNF-αand ICAM-1.

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