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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 464-475, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016655

ABSTRACT

Based on the interaction between supramolecule of traditional Chinese medicine and enterobacteria, the material basis of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma was explored. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to characterize the morphological differences of Rhubarb single decoction, Coptis single decoction and Rhubarb and Coptis co-decoction. An in vitro antibacterial model (E. coli, E. faecium and B. subtilis) was established to evaluate the damage effect of the combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma on enterobacteria. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used to analyze the changes of chemical components of single decoctions and co-decoctions. The co-decoction of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma was turbid after decocting. The spherical particles of 300-400 nm were observed under SEM, and the co-decoction was more uniform and stable than that of single decoction. The interaction between supramolecules formed after the combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma and enterobacteria was significantly different from that of single decoction. In the process of interaction between supramolecules and enterobacteria, the spherical state was maintained, and the medicinal ingredients in Coptidis Rhizoma or Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were blocked, which could effectively alleviate the damage to enterobacteria. This study provided a reference for subsequent studies on the regulation of intestinal flora homeostasis by the combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL). Methods: A retrospective cohort study.Clinical data, treatment and prognosis of 28 cases of IALL who have been treated at Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University and Baoding Children's Hospital from October 2013 to May 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Based on the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), all patients were divided into KMT2A gene rearrangement (KMT2A-R) positive group and KMT2A-R negative group. The prognosis of two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-Rank test were used to analyze the survival of the patients. Results: Among 28 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 18 females, with the onset age of 10.9 (9.4,11.8) months. In terms of immune classification, 25 cases were B-ALL (89%), while the remaining 3 cases were T-ALL (11%). Most infant B-ALL showed pro-B lymphocyte phenotype (16/25,64%). A total of 22 cases (79%) obtained chromosome karyotype results, of which 7 were normal karyotypes, no complex karyotypes and 15 were abnormal karyotypes were found. Among abnormal karyotypes, there were 4 cases of t (9; 11), 2 cases of t (4; 11), 2 cases of t (11; 19), 1 case of t (1; 11) and 6 cases of other abnormal karyotypes. A total of 19 cases (68%) were positive for KMT2A-R detected by FISH. The KMT2A fusion gene was detected by real-time PCR in 16 cases (57%). A total of 24 patients completed standardized induction chemotherapy and were able to undergo efficacy evaluation, 23 cases (96%) achieved complete remission through induction chemotherapy, 4 cases (17%) died of relapse. The 5-year event free survival rate (EFS) was (46±13)%, and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was (73±10)%.The survival time was 31.3 (3.3, 62.5) months. There was no significant statistical difference in 5-year EFS ((46±14)% vs. (61±18)%) and 5-year OS ((64±13)% vs. (86±13)%) between the KMT2A-R positive group (15 cases) and the KMT2A-R negative group (9 cases) (χ2=1.88, 1.47, P=0.170, 0.224). Conclusions: Most IALL patients were accompanied by KMT2A-R. They had poor tolerance to traditional chemotherapy, the relapse rate during treatment was high and the prognosis was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Abnormal Karyotype , Recurrence
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3099-3107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999047

ABSTRACT

Taking berberine (BBR) as an example, to study whether the supramolecular hydrogel formed by berberine and lotus root starch (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn; LRS), a natural polysaccharide, affects the inhibition to Staphylococcus aureus and the ability of biofilm clearance. The chemical structure and rheological properties of BBR@LRS gel were characterized by infrared spectroscopy and rheometer. The in vitro release of supramolecular hydrogel was observed at pH = 1.2 and pH = 7.4. Broth dilution method and biofilm clearence experiment were used to observe the bacteriostasis and biofilm clearance respectively. Cytotoxicity test and in vitro hemolysis test were used to evaluate the biosafety preliminarily. The results showed that the LRS polysaccharide hydrogel could encapsulate BBR, and there was an interaction between them. The BBR@LRS gel had good rheological properties and biosafety, and played a role in solubility enhancement and slow release of BBR, which was stronger than BBR in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and clearing biofilm. This study provides reference for the effect of natural polysaccharide supramolecular hydrogels on biological functions of active components of traditional Chinese medicine.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 747-750, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973994

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prevalence and consistency of screening myopia, non-cycloplegic myopia and cycloplegic myopia in children and adolescents, and to provide references for exploring the factors affecting the consistency of different definition methods.@*Methods@#A total of 3 868 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years from seven schools were included in a school based cross sectional study in Shandong Province in September 2020. The prevalence of screening myopia, non cycloplegic refraction, and cycloplegic refraction at different ages and all children and adolescents were analyzed. With cycloplegic spherical equivalent ≤-0.50 D as the gold standard for myopia, and Kappa test and area under the ROC curve were used to evaluate the consistency.@*Results@#The prevalence of cycloplegic myopia and screening myopia were 36.7% and 38.3% among children and adolescents. The prevalence of non cycloplegic myopia was 62.4%, which was significantly higher than screening myopia and cycloplegic myopia two methods in primary and junior high schools. Among 3 868 subjects, there were 3 628 (93.8%) subjects with screening myopia and 2 862 (74.0%) subjects with non cycloplegic myopia who were consistent with the gold standard for myopia. The Kappa values of screening myopia and non cycloplegic myopia were 0.87 and 0.51, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.94 (95% CI =0.93-0.95) and 0.79 (95% CI =0.78-0.81). Compared with other groups, children and adolescents aged 8 to 17 years, in junior or high school, urban residence, better presenting distance visual acuity, and astigmatism ≤1.50 D had a higher consistency in the application of screening myopia ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The consistency between screening myopia and cycloplegic myopia is high, and the consistency between non cycloplegic objective myopia is low.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973690

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the cyclic peptides from sponge Reniochalina sp. under the guidance of mass spectrometry. Methods Mass spectrometry-guided procedural separation methods were used to track and isolate the cyclic peptides from the sponge genus Reniochalina. The structures of compounds were elucidated by the determination of physicochemical parameters and comparison of spectroscopic data. The preliminary cytotoxic activity of compounds was assessed by the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) method. Results Three cyclic peptides were isolated from the sponge Reniochalina sp. and identified as stylopeptide 1 (1), hymenamide D (2) and axinastatin 2 (3). Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxicity against six human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 6.09 to 17.26 μmol/L. Conclusion Compound 1 - 3 were isolated from Reniochalina sp. for the first time, and compound 1 was a cytotoxic cyclic heptapeptide.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the factors related to pregnancy of endometriosis and whether Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can improve pregnancy outcomes in patients with endometriosis in long-term management.@*METHODS@#This multicenter cohort study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of endometriosis patients with fertility needs from January 2019 to November 2019. A total of 252 patients with endometriosis from 5 level-III Grade A hospitals in Beijing were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed for the relevant factors. The propensity score matching (PSM) function of SPSS software was used to match the CHMs group with the non-CHMs group. The pregnancy rate and live birth rate were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The results of univariate analysis showed that age, disease course, presence of infertility, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a), use of CHMs and follow-up time were influencing factors of pregnancy in endometriosis patients (P<0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that age, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of GnRH-a, use of CHMs and follow-up time were independent factors affecting pregnancy in endometriosis patients, among which, age ⩾35 years old, presence of adenomyosis and follow-up time >6 months were independent risk factors (OR=0.445, 0.348, 0.140, respectively, P<0.05), time after surgery or use of GnRH-a ⩽6 months and use of CHMs were independent protective factors (OR=3.839, 3.842, respectively, P<0.05). After PSM, 99 pairs of two groups were matched successfully. The pregnancy rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [55.56% (55/99) vs. 36.36% (36/99), P<0.05]. The live birth rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [49.49% (49/99) vs. 35.35% (35/99), P<0.05].@*CONCLUSION@#CHMs can effectively improve clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of patients with endometriosis in the chronic disease management.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Pregnancy Outcome , Endometriosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Adenomyosis , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Plant Extracts , Fertilization in Vitro
7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 499-505, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of renal disease spectrum in children aged 0-3 years old, and to evaluate the clinical value of renal biopsy in children aged 0-3 years old with renal diseases.Methods:It was a retrospective analysis study. The children aged 0-3 years old with kidney diseases receiving renal biopsy and having complete clinical data in Shanghai Children's Hospital from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2020 were enrolled. The clinical and pathological data of the children were collected. The spectrum of renal diseases, clinical phenotype, renal pathology, and the relationship between renal pathology/genotype and clinical phenotype were analyzed.Results:A total of 117 children aged 0-3 years old with kidney diseases were enrolled in the study, accounting for 6.5% (117/1 790) of all children (0-18 years old) with renal biopsies during the same period. There were 77 males and 40 females. The age was (2.20±0.51) years old (5-35 months). All cases of renal biopsies in children aged 0-3 years old were successful without serious complications. Nephrotic syndrome was the common clinical phenotype of kidney diseases in children aged 0-3 years old (59.0%, 69/117), followed by hematuria and proteinuria (29.1%, 34/117). Primary glomerular disease (69.2%, 81/117) was the major clinical type of renal diseases, followed by hereditary kidney diseases (29.1%, 34/117), in which Alport syndrome was the main hereditary kidney disease (79.4%, 27/34). Renal pathological types of children aged 0-3 years old were mainly distributed in minimal change disease (30.8%, 36/117), followed by glomerular minor lesion (26.5%, 31/117), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (15.4%, 18/117), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (10.3%, 12/117). Among 40 children aged 0-3 years old with hematuria with/without proteinuria, 25 cases were diagnosed as Alport syndrome by abnormal immunofluorescence of type IV collagen in renal tissues. Among the 28 children with kidney diseases who underwent genetic testing, 23 cases had gene mutations, mainly in COL4A5 gene (60.9%, 14/23), among which 4 children had gene mutations in 8 children with refractory nephrotic syndrome. Among the children aged 0-3 years old with clinical manifestations of hematuria, the proportion of gross hematuria in children diagnosed with Alport syndrome (59.3%, 16/27) was significantly higher than that in children without Alport syndrome (20.0%, 3/15, χ2=5.999, P=0.014). Conclusions:Primary glomerular disease is the principal type of kidney diseases in children aged 0-3 years old, followed by hereditary kidney disease. Attention should be paid to children aged 0-3 years old with gross hematuria. Renal biopsy in children aged 0-3 years old is safe and reliable, and it is an essential means for the diagnosis of renal diseases. Renal biopsy combined with gene testing can better understand the etiology of kidney diseases and guide treatment in children aged 0-3 years old.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between weight change and metabolic control of type 2 diabetic patients after 1 year treatment under the standardized metabolic disease management model.Methods:From November 2017 to November 2021, 950 patients with T2DM in the Standardized Metabolic Management Center of Suzhou Municipal Hospital were recruited in this research, who were divided into normal(BMI 18.5-23.9 kg/m 2), overweight(BMI 24.0-27.9 kg/m 2), and obese(BMI≥28 kg/m 2)groups according to baseline BMI. The metabolic indicators and control rates were compared. The overweight and obese 599 patients were divided into weight reduction(<-3 kg), maintenance(-3-1 kg) and gain(>1 kg)groups according to weight changes by one year, and metabolic indicators and control rates were compared to analyze the influence of weight change on metabolic control of overweight and obese patients. Results:(1) The overweight and obese groups had worse metabolic control at baseline and the obese group was younger. After 1 year, the metabolic indicators of three groups were significantly improved. (2) After 1 year, the metabolic control was better in weight reduction group and worse in weight gain group. The control rates were increased in weight reduction and maintenance groups. (3) For every 1 kg reduction in body weight of overweight and obese patients, blood glucose, blood lipids, blood pressure and comprehensive control rate increased by 1.206, 1.046, 1.069 and 1.107 times, respectively. There was a positive linear relationship between weight reduction and metabolic improvement.Conclusion:Standardized metabolic disease management model promotes metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients, especially in overweight and obese patients who actively lose weight. In the future we should strengthen the management of overweight and obese patients, enhance self-management ability, and manage body weight scientifically and effectively.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urinary virology and clinical characteristics of female overactive bladder (OAB) patients.Methods:Catheterized urine samples were collected from 55 women with OAB and 18 control individuals between January 2021 and August 2021. Inclusion criteria were: female with age>18, diagnosed as OAB, OABSS total score≥3 and item Urgency score≥2, informed consent signed. Exclusion criteria were: Urine culture positive, urinary catheter indwelling status, antibiotic usage in recent 30 days, other disease leading to OAB-like symptoms, pelvic organ prolapse and current pregnancy, immunosuppressive therapy or status. Clinical characteristic and history were collected. OAB symptoms were assessed via both OABSS (overactive bladder symptom score) and OAB-V8 (8-item overactive bladder questionnaire). The urine specimens were analyzed using mNGS for identifying viral infections. The correlation between the disease and JC virus infection was analyzed by t test, chi-square test, binary logistic regression analysis and Spearman correlation matrix, and the Nomogram map for predicting the risk of viral infection was constructed. Results:In total, 55 women with OAB and 18 healthy controls were recruited in the study. There are significant difference in terms of UTI history, pelvic surgery history and the habit of holding urine [60.0%(n=33)to 16.7%(n=3), P=0.002; 43.6%(n=24)to 0.0%(n=0), P<0.01; 36.4%( n=20)to 5.6%( n=1), P=0.015]. Based on mNGS results, OAB patients were identified with more positive viral infection [47.3%(n=26)to 33.3%(n=6)] and more JC virus infection. In the OAB group, subtype 7B of JCV ( n=8) was identified, while in the control group, subtype 7A(n=2) was identified. Pairwise Spearman correlation analysis indicated high correlations between viral infection and OABSS ( r=0.58), age and pausimenia ( r=0.68), hypertension and age ( r=0.53), respectively. Estimates from binary logistic regression model indicated risk factors for virus infection in OAB patients including age ( OR=1.99, 95% CI 0.02-2.61), holding urine habit( OR=2.16, 95% CI 0.18-3.85) and pelvic surgery ( OR=2.53, 95% CI 0.54-4.27). Conclusions:Urinary viral infections appear to be associated with more severe OAB symptoms and JC virus may be a potential therapeutic target for OAB.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991247

ABSTRACT

The experimental teaching of psychology is not only an important course in the undergraduate and graduate education of applied psychology, but also can assist the practical teaching of quite a few other subjects. It clearly divides three basic functions of experimental psychology teaching center: teaching, scientific research and service, which play an important role in facilitating teachers and students to understand corresponding courses. At the same time, it is discussed and proposed to strengthen the internal and external scientific linkage of the experimental center under the network background, and put forward the use of Internet technology, in order to improve the scientific use of the experimental teaching center, and reflect its maximum value, thereby achieving the purpose of university laboratory joint construction and serve the university to cultivate innovative and compound personnels.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990292

ABSTRACT

The clinical decision support system can provide medical staff with targeted patient diagnosis, treatment and care plan according to the recommendations of the guidelines, and assist medical staff to make clinical decisions. However, the adherence to clinical decision support system which based on guidelines was poor in clinical practice. Therefore, this article reviewed the influence factors of adherence to clinical decision support system which based on guideline from four aspects: system factors, individual factors, organizational factors and environmental factors, so as to improve the hindering factors and promote the application of clinical decision support system which based on guideline in future research and clinical practice.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1241-1247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013760

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of boschniakia rossica polysaccharides ( BRPS ) on cardiomyocyte damage induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) and its possible mechanism. Methods H/R was used to induce rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 to establish a cell inju¬ry model, and different doses of BRPS were used to treat H9c2 cells. ELISA method was used to detect the level of MDA and the activity of SOD and GSH-Px. Flow cytometry was used to detect the rate of apopto-sis. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-302a-3p. anti-miR-NC and anti-miR-302a-3p were respectively transfected into H9c2 cells and then subjected to H/R treatment. miR-NC and miR-302a-3p mimics were respectively transfected into H9c2 cells and treated with 100 mg • L

13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 667-671, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012210

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bendamustine combined with pomalidomide and dexamethasone (BPD regimen) in the treatment of relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) with extramedullary disease. Methods: This open, single-arm, multicenter prospective cohort study included 30 relapsed MM patients with extramedullary disease diagnosed in seven hospitals including Qingdao Municipal Hospital. The patients were treated with BPD regimen from February 2021 to November 2022. This study analyzed the efficacy and adverse reactions of the BPD regimen. Results: The median age of the 30 patients was 62 (47-72) years, of which 18 (60% ) had first-time recurrence. The overall response rate (ORR) of the 18 patients with first-time recurrence was 100%, of which three (16.7% ) achieved complete remission, 10 (55.5% ) achieved very good partial remission (VGPR), and five (27.8% ) achieved partial remission (PR). The ORR of 12 patients with recurrence after second-line or above treatment was 50%, including zero patients with ≥VGPR and six patients (50% ) with PR. Three cases (25% ) had stable disease, and three cases (25% ) had disease progression. The one-year progression free survival rate of all patients was 65.2% (95% CI 37.2% -83.1% ), and the 1-year overall survival rate was 90.0% (95% CI 76.2% -95.4% ). The common grade 3-4 hematology adverse reactions included two cases (6.7% ) of neutropenia and one case (3.3% ) of thrombocytopenia. The overall adverse reactions are controllable. Conclusions: The BPD regimen has good efficacy and tolerance in relapsed MM patients with extramedullary disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Bendamustine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of apolipoprotein E (APOE) in regulating endometrial cancer metastasis and explore the signaling pathway in the regulatory mechanism.@*METHODS@#Human endometrial cancer cell line HEC-1B was transfected with a control siRNA (siCtrl) or a specific siRNA targeting APOE (siAPOE) or with either pEGFP-N1 plasmid or an APOEoverexpressing plasmid. The changes in migration, proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of the transfected cells were examined using wound healing assay, Transwell migration assay, MTT assay, flow cytometry, and Hoechst staining. The activity of the ERK/MMP9 signaling pathway in the transfected cells was assessed using RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The expression level of APOE in clinical specimens of endometrial cancer tissues were detected using immunohistochemistry and its correlation with differentiation of endometrial cancer tissues was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Wound healing assay and Transwell migration assay showed that compared with those in siCtrl group, HEC-1B cells transfected with siAPOE showed significantly reduced migration ability (P < 0.05), whereas APOE overexpression significantly promoted the migration of the cells (P < 0.05). Neither APOE knockdown nor overexpression produced significant effects on HEC-1B cell proliferation as shown by MTT assay and flow cytometry. Hoechst staining revealed that transfection with siAPOE did not significantly affect apoptosis of HEC-1B cells. APOE knockdown obviously reduced and APOE overexpression enhanced ERK phosphorylation and MMP9 expression in HEC-1B cells (P < 0.05). Treatment with U0126 partially reversed the effects of APOE overexpression on ERK phosphorylation, migration and MMP9 expression in HEC-1B cells (P < 0.05). APOE is highly expressed in clinical samples of endometrial cancer tissues as compared with the adjacent tissues.@*CONCLUSION@#APOE is highly expressed in endometrial cancer tissues to promote cancer cell migration by enhancing ERK phosphorylation and MMP9 expression.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Signal Transduction , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Cell Movement , RNA, Small Interfering , Apolipoproteins E , Apolipoproteins/pharmacology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate humanistic practice ability of nurses in a general hospital in Hunan Province and analyze the factors affecting their practices to provide evidence for interventions to improve humanistic practice ability of the nurses.@*METHODS@#A total of 1196 nurses were surveyed using a self-designed questionnaire and a nurse humanistic practice ability assessment scale questionnaire for assessment of their abilities for humanistic care practice, psychological adjustment, interpersonal communication, self-management, ethics and legal practice. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed for analysis of the factors affecting the practice abilities of the nurses.@*RESULTS@#The total score of humanistic practice ability of the 1196 nurses was 105.69±16.45 (the full score of the scale was 130), and the scores of humanistic care practice ability, psychological adjustment ability, interpersonal communication ability, self-management ability, ethics and legal practice ability were 40.95±6.46, 16.41±2.66, 16.41±2.66, 11.32±2.05 and 12.43±2.00, respectively. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender (P=0.033), age (P < 0.001), department (P=0.015), working years (P < 0.001), professional title (P < 0.001), first academic degree (P < 0.001), highest academic degree (P < 0.001), family location (P=0.010), marital status (P=0.023), number of patients to care for (P=0.022), number of children (P=0.001), previous humanities related training (P < 0.001), training times (P < 0.001), and care received from family members (P < 0.001) and colleagues (P < 0.001) were all the factors affecting humanistic practice ability of the nurses. Among these factors, age, working in department of obstetrics and gynecology and emergency department, professional title, humanities training, and care from family and colleagues explained 20.7% of the variance.@*CONCLUSION@#The humanistic practice ability of nurses in this general hospital is above the average level, but their self-management ability needs to be improved. Intervention measures should be implemented to improve the nurses' humanistic practice ability including more attentions to the key groups and departments, strengthening the training of humanistic practice ability, and improving the promotion assessment system.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Hospitals, General , Emergency Service, Hospital , Multivariate Analysis , Research Design
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 204-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970369

ABSTRACT

In this study, a single base editing system was used to edit the FecB and GDF9 gene to achieve a targeted site mutation from A to G and from C to T in Ouler Tibetan sheep fibroblasts, and to test its editing efficiency. Firstly, we designed and synthesized sgRNA sequences targeting FecB and GDF9 genes of Ouler Tibetan sheep, followed by connection to epi-ABEmax and epi-BE4max plasmids to construct vectors and electrotransfer into Ouler Tibetan sheep fibroblasts. Finally, Sanger sequencing was performed to identify the target point mutation of FecB and GDF9 genes positive cells. T-A cloning was used to estimate the editing efficiency of the single base editing system. We obtained gRNA targeting FecB and GDF9 genes and constructed the vector aiming at mutating single base of FecB and GDF9 genes in Ouler Tibetan sheep. The editing efficiency for the target site of FecB gene was 39.13%, whereas the editing efficiency for the target sites (G260, G721 and G1184) of GDF9 gene were 10.52%, 26.67% and 8.00%, respectively. Achieving single base mutation in FecB and GDF9 genes may facilitate improving the reproduction traits of Ouler Tibetan sheep with multifetal lambs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep/genetics , Gene Editing , Tibet , Mutation , Phenotype , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970356

ABSTRACT

CRISPR/Cas (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein) is widely used in the field of livestock breeding. However, its low efficiency, untargeted cutting and low safety have greatly hampered its use for introducing single base mutations in livestock breeding. Single base editing, as a new gene editing tool, can directly replace bases without introducing double strand breaks. Single base editing shows high efficiency and strong specificity, and provides a simpler and more effective method for precise gene modification in livestock breeding. This paper introduces the principle and development of single base editing technology and its application in livestock breeding.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Editing , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Livestock/genetics , Mutation , Technology
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 261-265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970278

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the genetic and clinical phenotypic characteristics of patients with early-onset myopathy, areflexia, respiratory distress and dysphagia (EMARDD) caused by multiple epidermal growth factor 10 (MEGF10) gene defect. Methods: The clinical data of 3 infants in 1 family with EMARDD caused by MEGF10 gene defect diagnosed in the Department of Neonatology, Xiamen Children's Hospital in April 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Using "multiple epidermal growth factor 10" "myopathy" or "MEGF10" "myopathy" as the key words, and searching the relevant literature reports of CNKI, Wanfang Database and PubMed Database from the establishment of the database to September 2022. Combined with this family, the main clinical information and genotype characteristics of EMARDD patients caused by MEGF10 gene defect were summarized. Results: The proband, male, first infant of monozygotic twins, was admitted to hospital 7 days after birth "due to intermittent cyanosis with weak sucking". The infant had dysphagia accompanied with cyanosis of lips during feeding and crying after birth. Physical examination on admission revealed reduced muscle tone of the extremities, flexion of the second to fifth fingers of both hands with limited passive extension of proximal interphalangeal joints, and limited abduction of both hips. He was diagnosed as dysphagia of newborn, congenital dactyly. After admission, he was given limb and oral rehabilitation training, breathing gradually became stable and oral feeding fully allowed, and discharged along with improvement. The younger brother of the proband was admitted to the hospital at the same time, and his clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment process were the same as those of the proband. The elder brother of the proband died at the age of 8 months due to the delayed growth and development, severe malnutrition, hypotonia, single palmoclal crease and weak crying. A whole exon sequencing of the family was done, and found that the 3 children were all compound heterozygous variations at the same site of MEGF10 gene, with 2 splicing variants (c.218+1G>A, c.2362+1G>A), which came from the father and mother respectively, and the new variation was consistent with the autosomal recessive inheritance model. Three children were finally diagnosed as EMARDD caused by MEGF10 gene defect. There are 0 Chinese literature and 18 English literature that met the search conditions. Totally 17 families including 28 patients were reported. There were 31 EMARDD patients including 3 infants from this family. Among them, there were 13 males and 18 females. The reported age of onset ranged from 0 to 61 years. Except for 5 patients with incomplete clinical data, 26 patients were included in the analysis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. The clinical features were mainly dyspnea (25 cases), scoliosis (22 cases), feeding difficulties (21 cases), myasthenia (20 cases), and other features including areflexia (16 cases) and cleft palate or high palatal arch(15 cases). Muscle biopsy showed non-specific changes, with histological characteristics ranging from slight muscle fiber size variation to minicores change which was seen in all 5 patients with at least 1 missense mutation of allele. In addition, the adult onset was found in patients with at least 1 missense variant of MEGF10 gene. Conclusions: MEGF10 gene defect related EMARDD can occur in the neonatal period, and the main clinical features are muscle weakness, breathing and feeding difficulties. Patients with myopathy who have at least 1 missense mutation and muscle biopsy indicating minicores change may be relatively mild.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cyanosis , Deglutition Disorders , EGF Family of Proteins , Muscle Hypotonia , Muscle Weakness , Muscular Diseases/genetics , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 260-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970189

ABSTRACT

Gallbladder cancer(GBC)is one common type of bile tract cancers with poor prognosis. This review summarizes the recent development of studies about somatic mutation, molecular subtype, microenvironment heterogeneity, organoid, orthotopic model, patient-derived xenograft and clinical translation on GBC in aspects of genomic,transcriptome,single cell omics and clinical translation. We expect this review will provide new ideas on dissecting molecular mechanisms underlying the development and emerging chemoresistance of GBC following therapy and promote GBC precision medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 176-183, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970052

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (JALS) is an uncommon form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis whose age at onset (AAO) is defined as prior to 25 years. FUS mutations are the most common cause of JALS. SPTLC1 was recently identified as a disease-causative gene for JALS, which has rarely been reported in Asian populations. Little is known regarding the difference in clinical features between JALS patients carrying FUS and SPTLC1 mutations. This study aimed to screen mutations in JALS patients and to compare the clinical features between JALS patients with FUS and SPTLC1 mutations.@*METHODS@#Sixteen JALS patients were enrolled, including three newly recruited patients between July 2015 and August 2018 from the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Mutations were screened by whole-exome sequencing. In addition, clinical features such as AAO, onset site and disease duration were extracted and compared between JALS patients carrying FUS and SPTLC1 mutations through a literature review.@*RESULTS@#A novel and de novo SPTLC1 mutation (c.58G>A, p.A20T) was identified in a sporadic patient. Among 16 JALS patients, 7/16 carried FUS mutations and 5/16 carried respective SPTLC1 , SETX , NEFH , DCTN1 , and TARDBP mutations. Compared with FUS mutation patients, those with SPTLC1 mutations had an earlier AAO (7.9 ± 4.6 years vs. 18.1 ± 3.9 years, P  < 0.01), much longer disease duration (512.0 [416.7-607.3] months vs. 33.4 [21.6-45.1] months, P  < 0.01), and no onset of bulbar.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings expand the genetic and phenotypic spectrum of JALS and help to better understand the genotype-phenotype correlation of JALS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics , DNA Helicases/genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Multifunctional Enzymes/genetics , Mutation/genetics , RNA Helicases/genetics , RNA-Binding Protein FUS/genetics , Serine C-Palmitoyltransferase/genetics
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