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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 621-632, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016624

ABSTRACT

Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) has long posed a challenging and pivotal concern in pharmaceutical research. The complex composition of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has introduced a bottleneck in current research, hindering the elucidation of the component basis associated with IDILI in TCM. Using Epimedii Folium (EF) and Psoraleae Fructus (PF) as illustrative examples, this study endeavors to establish an in vitro evaluation model, providing a high-throughput and preliminary assessment method for screening components related to TCM-induced IDILI. A TNF-α-mediated HepG2 susceptible model was first established in this study, with the focus on the index components present in EF and PF. The release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the cell supernatant served as the detection index. A concentration-toxicity response curve was constructed, and the hepatotoxic components of EF and PF were identified utilizing the synergistic toxicity index. The LDH results unveiled the hepatotoxic effects of bavachin, backuchiol, isobavachin, neobavaisoflavone, psoralidin, isobavachalcone, icarisid I, and icarisid II on both normal and susceptible cells, categorizing these 8 components as both direct hepatotoxicity components and idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity components. Bavachin and neobavaisoflavone exhibited no hepatotoxicity on normal cells but demonstrated significant effects on susceptible cells, designating them as potential idiosyncratic susceptible hepatotoxicity components. The study further delineated that 10 EF components and 3 PF components were direct immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components. Additionally, 14 idiosyncratic immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components were identified, encompassing 10 EF components and 4 PF components, with neobavaisoflavone, bavachinin, and isobavachin being potential idiosyncratic susceptible immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components. Synergistic toxicity index results indicated that 13 idiosyncratic immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components (except anhydroicaritin) combined with bavachin demonstrated synergistic hepatotoxicity on susceptible cells. Notably, 3 idiosyncratic susceptible immune-promoting hepatotoxicity components combined with bavachin exhibited synergistic hepatotoxicity, with neobavaisoflavone displaying the highest synergistic toxicity index and bavachinin the lowest. In summary, this methodology successfully screens hepatotoxic and immune-promoting hepatotoxic components in EF and PF, distinguishing the types of components inducing hepatotoxicity, evaluating the hepatotoxicity degree of each component, and elucidating the synergistic relationships among them. Importantly, these findings align with the characteristics of IDILI. The method provides an effective model tool for the fundamental research of TCM-related IDILI components.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 248-255, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013619

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the impacts of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on the phenotypes, endocy-tosis and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/ Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK)/P38 mitogen-ac-tivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in indoxyl sulfate (IS) -induced dendritic cells (DCs). Methods After treatment with 30, 300 and 600 (xmol · L

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 38-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013604

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of quercetin on the aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells established under microgravity. Methods Using 3D gyroscope, a aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was constructed, and after receiving quercetin and microgravity treatment, the anti-aging effect of the quercetin was evaluated by detecting related proteins and oxidation indexes. Results Compared to the control group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the microgravity group significantly increased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly decreased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the microgravity group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly decreased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly increased (P <0.05), SOD content significantly decreased and MDA content significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared to the microgravity group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the quercetin group significantly decreased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the quercetin group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly increased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly decreased (P<0.05), SOD content significantly increased and MDA content significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions Quercetin can resist oxidation, protect mitochondrial function and normal cell cycle, thus delaying the aging of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induced by microgravity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1113-1121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015619

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer remains one of the deadliest cancer types with few effective treatment options. While the overexpression of ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14) has been observed in many tumor cells, including pancreatic cancer cells, its precise role in pancreatic cancer is not well defined. Here, we investigated the biological function of USP14 in pancreatic cancer and its molecular mechanisms. Our analysis of the Cancer Genome Atlas database revealed that USP14 was highly expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues,and further investigation revealed that its expression level was negatively correlated with the prognosis of patients. In SW1990 and MIAPaCa2 pancreatic cancer cells,we established stable USP14-knockdown cell lines using the shRNA-USP14 lentivirus and found that USP14 knockdown inhibited the proliferation and migration ability of pancreatic cancer cells by CCK8, colony formation assay, wound-healing and Transwell assays. Western blotting analysis showed that downregulation of USP14 expression resulted in a decrease in CyclinD3 protein levels, while overexpression of USP14 increased the protein levels in SW1990 and MIAPaCa2 pancreatic cancer cells. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation demonstrated that USP14 interacts with CyclinD3 and ubiquitination assays show that overexpression of USP14 reduces the ubiquitination level of CyclinD3. Moreover, CRISPR / Cas9-mediated USP14 knockout in SW1990 pancreatic cancer cells resulted in decreased CyclinD3 protein levels. These findings suggest that USP14 promotes the proliferation and migration ability of pancreatic cancer cells by interacting with CyclinD3, highlighting USP14 as a potential therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 859-868, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013911

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of the effect of anthraquinone modifier KA-4c on breast cancer cells, and determine its action target by drug affinity reaction target stability technique (DARTS). Methods The cell viability was detected by MTT method. The effect of KA-4c on the morphology of breast cancer cells was studied by HE staining, ER-Tracker Red and electron microscope. The apoptosis rate of breast cancer cells induced by KA-4c was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of apoptotic protein was detected by Western blotting. DARTS and CETSA were used to determine the target of KA-4c. Results KA-4c had the most significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells, and could cause endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial vacuolation to damage the cells. The apoptosis rate and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins CHOP and caspase-7 increased with the increase of KA-4c concentration. DARTS results showed that KA-4c could activate endoplasmic reticulum protein processing signaling pathway, in which KA-4c bound to ATF6 protein and was resistant to protease hydrolysis. The results of CETSA experiments showed that KA-4c could enhance the expression of ATF6 protein in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusions KA-4 triggers endoplasmic reticulum stress to induce apoptosis in breast cancer cells. ATF6 may be one of the targets of KA-4c.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 470-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013838

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of CPD1, a novel phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor, on liver pathological phenotype and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation in hepatic fibrosis model mice caused by carbon tetrachloride ( CCl

7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 743-755, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007847

ABSTRACT

This review aims to sum up how Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) regulate the development of periodontitis and provides a new perspective for understanding the pathogenesis of periodontitis. We explored the ncRNA's dual role in the development of periodontitis by summarizing evidence from previous in vivo and in vitro studies as well as clinical samples. In our review, the downregulation of 18 miRNAs, 22 lncRNAs and 10 circRNAs demonstrates protective roles in periodontitis. In contrast, the expression of other 11 miRNAs, 7 lncRNAs and 6 circRNAs are upregulated in periodontitis, which promote the progression of periodontitis. These dysregulated ncRNAs exert their protective or destructive roles by mainly influencing cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis via cross-talking with various molecules or signaling pathways. Our findings suggested which and how ncRNAs promote or delay the progression of periodontitis, which may greatly contribute to diagnose and therapy development of periodontitis based on ncRNAs in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Circular , MicroRNAs , Periodontitis/genetics , Apoptosis
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1192-1198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics and impact on mortality of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) colonized or infected patients with hematological disorders in order to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CRPA.@*METHODS@#The patients who were colonized or infected with CRPA in the Department of Hematology of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from January 2020 to March 2021 were selected as the research subjects, the clinical data such as hospitalization time, primary disease treatment regimen, granulocyte count, previous infection and antibiotic regimen of these patients were analyzed, meanwhile, antibiotic regimen and efficacy during CRPA infection, 30-day and long-term survival were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 59 patients were included in this study, and divided into CRPA infection group (43 cases) and CRPA colonization group (16 cases). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that ECOG score (P =0.003), agranulocytosis (P <0.001), and exposure to upper than 3rd generations of cephalosporins and tigecycline within 30 days (P =0.035, P =0.017) were the high-risk factors for CRPA infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ECOG score of 3/4 ( OR=10.815, 95%CI: 1.260-92.820, P =0.030) and agranulocytosis ( OR=13.82, 95%CI: 2.243-85.176, P =0.005) were independent risk factors for CRPA infection. There was a statistically significant difference in cumulative survival rate between CRPA colonization group and CRPA infection group ( χ2=14.134, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the influencing factors of 30-day survival in patients with CRPA infection were agranulocytosis (P =0.022), soft tissue infection (P =0.03), and time of hospitalization before CRPA infection (P =0.041). Cox regression analysis showed that agranulocytosis was an independent risk factor affecting 30-day survival of patients with CRPA infection (HR=3.229, 95%CI :1.093-3.548, P =0.034).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with hematological disorders have high mortality and poor prognosis after CRPA infection. Bloodstream infection and soft tissue infection are the main causes of death. Patients with high suspicion of CRPA infection and high-risk should be treated as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbapenems/therapeutic use , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Soft Tissue Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Hematologic Diseases , Survival Analysis
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6533-6544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008853

ABSTRACT

Enzymes are closely associated with the onset and progression of numerous diseases, making enzymes a primary target in innovative drug development. However, the challenge remains in identifying compounds that exhibit potent inhibitory effects on the target enzymes. With the continuous expansion of the total number of natural products and increasing difficulty in isolating and enriching new compounds, traditional high-throughput screening methods are finding it increasingly challenging to meet the demands of new drug development. Virtual screening, characterized by its high efficiency and low cost, has gradually become an indispensable technology in drug development. It represents a prominent example of the integration of artificial intelligence with biopharmaceuticals and is an inevitable trend in the rapid development of innovative drug screening in the future. Therefore, this article primarily focused on systematically reviewing the recent applications of virtual screening technology in the development of enzyme inhibitors and explored the prospects and advantages of using this technology in developing new drugs, aiming to provide essential theoretical insights and references for the application of related technologies in the field of new drug development.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Molecular Docking Simulation
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4475-4482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008702

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect and mechanism of morin in inducing autophagy and apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells through the protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)/signal transducer and activator of transcription protein 3(STAT3) pathway. Human hepatocellular carcinoma SK-HEP-1 cells were stimulated with different concentrations of morin(0, 50, 100, 125, 200, and 250 μmol·L~(-1)). The effect of morin on the viability of SK-HEP-1 cells was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8). The effect of morin on the proliferation and apoptosis of SK-HEP-1 cells was investigated using colony formation assay, flow cytometry, and BeyoClick~(TM) EdU-488 with different concentrations of morin(0, 125, and 250 μmol·L~(-1)). The changes in the autophagy level of cells treated with morin were examined by transmission electron microscopy and autophagy inhibitors. The impact of morin on the expression levels of proteins related to the Akt/mTOR/STAT3 pathway was verified by Western blot. Compared with the control group, the morin groups showed decreased viability of SK-HEP-1 cells in a time-and concentration-dependent manner, increased number of apoptotic cells, up-regulated expression level of apoptosis marker PARP, up-regulated phosphorylation level of apoptosis-regulating protein H2AX, decreased number of positive cells and the colony formation rate, an upward trend of expression levels of autophagy-related proteins LC3-Ⅱ, Atg5, and Atg7, and decreased phosphorylation levels of Akt, mTOR, and STAT3. These results suggest that morin can promote apoptosis, inhibit proliferation, and induce autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and its mechanism of action may be related to the Akt/mTOR/STAT3 pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Proliferation , Cell Line, Tumor , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5049-5055, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008675

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect and mechanism of acetylalkannin from Arnebia euchroma on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of human melanoma A375 cells. A375 cells were divided into a blank group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose acetylalkannin groups(0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 μmol·L~(-1)). The MTT assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Cell scratch and transwell migration assays were used to detect cell migration ability, and the transwell invasion assay was used to detect cell invasion ability. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of migration and invasion-related N-cadherin, vimentin, matrix metalloproteina-se-9(MMP-9), and Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related Wnt1, Axin2, glycogen synthase kinase-3β(GSK-3β), phosphorylated GSK-3β(p-GSK-3β), β-catenin, cell cycle protein D_1(cyclin D_1), and p21. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction(real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of E-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2), N-cadherin, vimentin, β-catenin, snail-1, and CD44. MTT results showed that the cell inhibition rates in the acetylalkannin groups significantly increased as compared with that in the blank group(P<0.01). The results of cell scratch and transwell assays showed that compared with the blank group, the acetylalkannin groups showed reduced cell migration and invasion, and migration and invasion rates(P<0.05, P<0.01) and weakened horizontal and vertical migration and invasion abilities. Western blot results showed that compared with the blank group, the high-dose acetylalkannin group showed increased expression of Axin2 protein(P<0.05), and decreased expression of N-cadherin, vimentin, MMP-9, Wnt1, p-GSK-3β, β-catenin, cyclin D_1, and p21 proteins(P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of GSK-3β protein did not change significantly. PCR results showed that the overall trend of MMP-2, N-cadherin, vimentin, β-catenin, snail-1, and CD44 mRNA expression was down-regulated(P<0.01), and the expression of E-cadherin mRNA increased(P<0.01). Acetylalkannin can inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of human melanoma A375 cells, and its mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Vimentin/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Cadherins/genetics , Melanoma/genetics , Cyclin D/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Boraginaceae/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Cell Movement
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4702-4710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008637

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of sinomenine on proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis, and combination with inhibitors in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells and SK-HEP-1 cells. The effect of sinomenine on the growth ability of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were investigated by CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, and BeyoClick~(TM) EdU-488 staining. The effect of sinomenine on DNA damage was detected by immunofluorescence assay, and the effect of sinomenine on apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells was clarified by Hoechst 33258 staining and CellEvent~(TM) Cystein-3/7Green ReadyProbes~(TM) reagent assay. Cell invasion assay and 3D tumor cell spheroid invasion assay were performed to investigate the effect of sinomenine on the invasion ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. The effect of sinomenine on the regulation of protein expression related to the protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway in HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells was examined by Western blot. Molecular docking was used to evaluate the strength of affinity of sinomenine to the target cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3(caspase-3) and STAT3, and combined with CCK-8 assay to detect the changes in cell viability after combination with STAT3 inhibitor JSI-124 in combination with CCK-8 assay. The results showed that sinomenine could significantly reduce the cell viability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a concentration-and time-dependent manner, significantly inhibit the clonogenic ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and weaken the invasive ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. In addition, sinomenine could up-regulate the cleaved level of poly ADP-ribose polymerase(PARP), a marker of apoptosis, and down-regulate the protein levels of p-Akt, p-mTOR, and p-STAT3 in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Molecular docking results showed that sinomenine had good affinity with the targets caspase-3 and STAT3, and the sensitivity of sinomenine to hepatocellular carcinoma cells was diminished after STAT3 was inhibited. Therefore, sinomenine can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and induce apoptosis, and the mechanism may be attributed to the activation of caspase-3 signaling and inhibition of the Akt/mTOR/STAT3 pathway. This study can provide a new reference for the in-depth research and clinical application of sinomenine and is of great significance to further promote the scientific development and utilization of sinomenine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Molecular Docking Simulation , Sincalide/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Hep G2 Cells , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis
13.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 38, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505594

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine prevalence and factors associated with flares post Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mRNA vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA). Methods A retrospective multi-centre study was conducted (January 2021 to February 2022). Data were collected during index visit, defined as first post-vaccine visit in which the patient had a physician-defined flare, or if at least 3 months had elapsed since first vaccine dose, whichever came first. Factors associated with flares were identified using mixed effects Cox regression and expressed as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Total of 2377 patients were included (1563 RA, 415 PsA and 399 SpA). Among patients with RA, PsA and SpA, 21.3%, 24.1% and 21.8% experienced a flare respectively. Of those who experienced a flare, only 10.2%, 11.0% and 14.9% were severe in patients with RA, PsA and SpA respectively. Patients with low or moderate/high disease were more likely to flare compared to those in remission in patients with RA only (HR: 1.68, 95% CI 1.22-2.31; HR: 2.28, 95% CI 1.50-3.48, respectively). Receiving the Moderna vaccine was associated with a higher HR of flare compared to the Pfizer vaccine in patients with PsA only (HR: 2.21, 95% CI 1.20-4.08). Patients who had two vaccine doses were found to be less likely to flare (HR: 0.08, 95% CI 0.06-0.10). HRs of flares were not significantly different among RA, PsA and SpA. Conclusion About one-fifth of patients experienced a disease flare post COVID-19 mRNA vaccination, but most flares were non-severe. Patients with active disease prior to vaccination should be monitored closely for disease flares, especially in patients with RA.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 686-690, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998280

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation on upper limb motor function rehabilitation of stroke patients after contralateral seventh cervical nerve transfer (CC7). MethodsFrom May, 2020, to May, 2022, 34 stroke patients with hemiplegia underwent CC7 in Jing'an District Centre Hospital of Shanghai were randomly divided into control group (n = 17) and observation group (n = 17). Both groups received conventional rehabilitation. The observation group accepted repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation, and the control group received sham stimulation, for eight weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) and Hua-Shan Grading of Upper Extremity (H-S grading) before and after treatment. ResultsTwo cases dropped down in each group. There was difference in gender between two groups (χ2 = 6.136, P < 0.05). After treatment, the scores of FMA-UE and H-S grading significantly improved in both groups (t > 4.000, P < 0.01), and the improvement was better in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.362, P < 0.05). ConclusionRepetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation could improve the motor function of upper limb and hand of stroke patients with hemiplegia after CC7.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 214-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992590

ABSTRACT

Hip fracture is considered as the most severe osteoporotic fracture characterized by high disability and mortality in the elderly. Improved surgical techniques and multidisciplinary team play an active role in alleviating prognosis, which places higher demands on perioperative nursing. Dysfunction, complications, and secondary impact of anaesthesia and surgery add more difficulties to clinical nursing. Besides, there still lack clinical practices in perioperative nursing for elderly patients with hip fracture in China. In this context, led by the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association, the Expert consensus on clinical practice in perioperative nursing for elderly patients with hip fracture ( version 2023) is developed based on the evidence-based medicine. This consensus provides 11 recommendations on elderly patients with hip fracture from aspects of perioperative health education, condition monitoring and inspection, complication risk assessment and prevention, and rehabilitation, in order to provide guiding advices for clinical practice, improve the quality of nursing and ameliorate the prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 744-747, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992373

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the risk factors of pulmonary infection in hemodialysis patients with diabetes nephropathy (DN), and explore the effect of different antibiotic application methods on the efficacy of DN patients with pulmonary infection.Methods:337 inpatients with DN who were admitted to Lishui Central Hospital from August 2021 to April 2022 were selected as the study subjects, and the proportion of pathogenic bacteria in patients with pulmonary infection caused by hemodialysis was analyzed, and the influencing factors of pulmonary infection were analyzed by single factor and multiple factor logistic regression models. DN patients with pulmonary infection were treated with single or multiple antibiotics, and their curative effects were analyzed and compared.Results:Among 337 hospitalized patients with DN in this study, the rate of pulmonary infection caused by hemodialysis was 24.04%(81/337). 87 strains of pathogenic bacteria were cultivated, and the main pathogens of the infected individuals were Klebsiella pneumoniae (36.78%, 32/87), Staphylococcus aureus (17.24%, 15/87), and Acinetobacter baumannii (16.09%, 14/87). The results of univariate analysis showed that patient age, dialysis time, hospital stay, hemoglobin, postprandial blood glucose, malnutrition (blood albumin level<35 g/L), renal function, and volume load were the influencing factors for pulmonary infection in DN patients undergoing hemodialysis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that dialysis time, hemoglobin, postprandial, blood glucose malnutrition, renal function, and volume load were risk factors for pulmonary infection caused by hemodialysis (all P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of white blood cells, neutrophils, and hypersensitive reactive protein in patients with pulmonary infection were significantly reduced compared to before treatment (all P<0.05). The effective rate of multi antibiotic therapy (97.44%, 38/39) was higher than that of single antibiotic therapy (80.95%, 34/42) (χ 2=5.563, P=0.018). Conclusions:There are many independent risk factors for pulmonary infection during hemodialysis in DN patients. The infection rate should be reduced through adequate dialysis, blood glucose control, nutrition supplementation, anemia correction and other measures, and the infected can be treated timely with antibiotics according to the situation.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 871-879, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the chronic injury and its possible mechanism of ionizing radiation on multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells (MPPs) by determining the related indicators of MPPs in bone marrow of mice post-radiation.@*METHODS@#Sixteen C57BL/6 adult mice were randomly divided into normal control and irradiation groups, 8 mice in each group. The mice in irradiation group were exposed to 6 Gy X-ray. The proportion of bone marrow MPPs, their apoptosis and proliferation 2 months after irradiation were detected by flow cytometry. Mitochondrial activity and levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in each MPPs population were detected by Mitotracker Red and DCFDA probes, and the senescent state of MPPs in the bone marrow was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Ionizing radiation could reduce the proportion of MPPs in mouse bone marrow. The proportions and numbers of MPP1, MPP3 and MPP4 in the bone marrow were significantly decreased after whole-body irradiation with 6 Gy X-ray (P<0.05). In addition, radiation significantly reduced the colony-forming capacity of MPPs in bone marrow (P<0.05), the proportions of apoptotic cells in the MPP1 and MPP4 cell populations increased significantly in the bone marrow (P<0.05). The activity of mitochondria was significantly reduced in the bone marrow MPP2, MPP3 and MPP4 cell populations compared with that of the control group (P<0.05). It was also found that the radiation could significantly increase the ROS levels of MPPs in bone marrow, and the content of ROS in the MPP2, MPP3 and MPP4 cell population of the bone marrow was significantly increased(P<0.05). The senescent cells ratios of MPP1, MPP3 and MPP4 cells in the bone marrow after irradiation were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ionizing radiation can cause chronic MPPs damage in mice, which is closely associated with persistent oxidative stress, cells apoptosis, and cellular senescence.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Bone Marrow , Reactive Oxygen Species , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Whole-Body Irradiation , Radiation, Ionizing , Bone Marrow Cells
18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 420-424, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981973

ABSTRACT

Pompe disease, also known as glycogen storage disease type Ⅱ, is a rare autosomal recessive disease. With the application of enzyme replacement therapy, more and more patients with Pompe disease can survive to adulthood, and nervous system-related clinical manifestations gradually emerge. Nervous system involvement seriously affects the quality of life of patients with Pompe disease, and a systematic understanding of the clinical manifestations, imaging features and pathological changes of nervous system injury in Pompe disease is of great significance for the early identification and intervention of Pompe disease. This article reviews the research progress of neurological damage in Pompe disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycogen Storage Disease Type II/drug therapy , alpha-Glucosidases , Quality of Life , Enzyme Replacement Therapy
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 729-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986202

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, treatment, and prognosis of hepatic angiosarcoma. Methods: Clinicopathological data and prognostic conditions of 18 cases with hepatic angiosarcoma were collected retrospectively. The recurrence-free survival rate and overall survival rate were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. A Cox regression analysis was used to explore the survival-related risk factors. Results: There were 12 male and 6 female patients, with an average age of 57 (37 ~ 70) years. The tumor's average diameter was 8.40 (2.00 ~ 18.00) cm. Seven cases had multiple tumors, while two cases had large vessel tumor thrombuses. Microscopically, the tumor tissues were irregularly anastomosed, with vascular lacunar or solid bundle-like weaving, and the tissue morphology mimicked capillary hemangioma, cavernous hemangioma, or angioepithelioma, while tumor cells were spindle-shaped or epithelioid, lined with hobnails in the lumen, or formed papillary structures in the lumen. The proportion of highly, moderately, and poorly differentiated tumors was 4:8:6, with six cases having clear tumor boundaries, eight having microvascular tumor thrombi, and sixteen having blood lake formation. Different levels of expression of CD31, CD34, erythroblast transformation-specific related genes, and Fli-1 markers were demonstrated in all of the cases. Four cases had a P53 mutation, and six cases had Ki-67 > 10%. During the follow-up period of 0.23-114.20 months, the five-year recurrence-free survival rate and overall survival rate were 16.7% and 37.2%, respectively. Cox regression multivariate analysis showed that preoperative symptoms and multiple tumors were significant risk factors for recurrence-free survival, while preoperative symptoms and Ki-67 > 10% were significant risk factors for overall survival. Conclusion: Hepatic angiosarcoma is a rare hepatic mesenchymal tumor with high malignancy and a poor prognosis. Pathological morphology and immunohistochemical marker combinations are needed for a definite diagnosis. However, the complexity of angiosarcomas' histological and cytological conformations and the overlap of pathological features with benign vascular tumors, sarcomas, and carcinomas pose difficulties in the differential diagnosis. Thus, the only effective ways to prolong survival are early detection and radical surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hemangiosarcoma , Ki-67 Antigen , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Prognosis , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 541-546, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986066

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the pathological classification of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPeM) and screen the immunohistochemical markers that can distinguish MPeM from peritoneal metastatic carcinoma (PC) . Methods: In June 2020, the pathological results of peritoneal biopsy of 158 MPeM and 138 PC patients from Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou People's Hospital, and Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine from May 2011 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the pathological classifications of MPeM in Cangzhou were summarized. Immunohistochemical markers of MPeM and PC patients were analyzed, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn for differential diagnosis of MPeM and PC. Results: There were 55 male and 103 female MPeM patients in Cangzhou, with an average age of 57.1 years old. The asbestos exposure rate was 91.14% (144/158). The most common pathological classifications were cutaneous type, accounting for 90.51% (143/158). There were significant differences in the expression of calreticulum protein, CK5/6, vimentin, D2-40, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and tail type homologous nuclear gene transcription factor 2 (CDX-2) between MPeM and PC (P<0.05). Among the 6 positive markers, the sensitivity of calreticulum protein was the highest (0.905) and CEA was the lowest (0.428) . Conclusion: Calreticulum protein, CK5/6, vimentin, D2-40, CEA and CDX-2 may be used as specific markers to distinguish the diagnosis of MPeM from PC.

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