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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1610-1619, dic. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528775

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Keloid scar is a unique benign fibroproliferative tumor of the human skin. Previously, it was reported that early growth response 1 (EGR1), a transcription factor, promotes keloid fibrosis; however, the mechanism by which EGR1 modulates keloid formation was not elaborated. In this research, the specific function and the microRNA (miRNA) regulatory network of EGR1 in keloids was examined. Keloid fibroblasts (KFs) were transfected with EGR1-small interfering RNA (siEGR1), EGR1-overexpression plasmid (pcDNA3.1-EGR1), and microRNA (miR-183-5p)-mimics to regulate the expression of EGR1 and miR-183-5p. The study employed dual-luciferase reporter assays to explore the targeting regulation of miR-183-5p on EGR1. Additionally, Western blotting, flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, cell count kit-8 (CCK-8), transwell, and wound healing assays, and RNA sequencing were conducted. EGR1 was upregulated in KFs, and EGR1 silencing diminished proliferation, fibrosis, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of cells. In KFs, the expression of miR- 183-5p was reduced, leading to the inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Conversely, it enhanced apoptosis. By targeting EGR1, miR-183-5p partially counteracted the impact of EGR1 on migration, invasion, and fibrosis in KFs. The findings imply that miR-183-5p suppresses keloid formation by targeting EGR1. As a result, EGR1 holds promise as a potential therapeutic target for preventing and treating keloids.


La cicatriz queloide es un tumor fibroproliferativo benigno único de la piel humana. Anteriormente, se informó que la respuesta de crecimiento temprano 1 (EGR1), un factor de transcripción, promueve la fibrosis queloide; sin embargo, no se explicó el mecanismo por el cual EGR1 modula la formación de queloides. En esta investigación, se examinó la función específica y la red reguladora de microARN (miARN) de EGR1 en queloides. Se transfectaron fibroblastos queloides (KF) con ARN de interferencia pequeño de EGR1 (siEGR1), plásmido de sobreexpresión de EGR1 (pcDNA3.1-EGR1) y miméticos de microARN (miR-183-5p) para regular la expresión de EGR1 y miR-183. -5p. El estudio empleó ensayos de indicador de luciferasa dual para explorar la regulación dirigida de miR-183-5p en EGR1. Además, se realizaron pruebas de transferencia Western, citometría de flujo, qRT-PCR, kit de recuento celular-8 (CCK-8), transwell y curación de heridas, y secuenciación de ARN. EGR1 estaba regulado positivamente en KF, y el silenciamiento de EGR1 disminuyó la proliferación, fibrosis, migración, invasión y apoptosis de las células. En KF, la expresión de miR- 183-5p se redujo, lo que llevó a la inhibición de la proliferación, migración e invasión celular. Por el contrario, mejoró la apoptosis. Al apuntar a EGR1, miR-183-5p contrarrestó parcialmente el impacto de EGR1 en la migración, invasión y fibrosis en KF. Los hallazgos implican que miR-183-5p suprime la formación de queloides al apuntar a EGR1. Como resultado, EGR1 es prometedor como objetivo terapéutico potencial para prevenir y tratar los queloides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Early Growth Response Protein 1 , Fibroblasts , Keloid/genetics , Keloid/pathology , Wound Healing , Transfection , Down-Regulation , Cell Movement , Blotting, Western , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/physiology , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1712-1719, dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528776

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study is to investigate the effect of survivin down-regulation by Egr1-survivin shRNA combined with radiotherapy on the apoptosis and radiosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma ECA109 and KYSE150 cells. ECA109 and KYSE150 cells were transfected with Egr1-survivin shRNA, and then treated with radiotherapy. After 24 h, the mRNA and protein levels of Egr1-survivin were detected by qPCR and Western-Blot. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Western blot also detected levels of cleavaged Caspase 3 and Caspase 9. YM155 was used as a positive control to inhibit survivin expression. The levels of survivin mRNA and protein in ECA109 and KYSE150 cells treated with Egr1-survivin shRNA combined with radiotherapy were significantly lower than those of the blank control group, the empty vector control group, and, the YM155 + radiotherapy group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, after survivin down-regulation, the ratio of G2 to S phase of ECA109 and KYSE150 cells increased significantly, leading to significant G2 and S phase arrest. Additionally, apoptosis of ECA109 and KYSE150 cells increased significantly (P <0.01). Further, protein levels of cleavaged Caspase 3 and Caspase 9 significantly increased in Egr1-survivin shRNA combined with radiotherapy group. Egr1-survivin shRNA combined with radiotherapy can down-regulate survivin expression, which further increases the apoptosis, and enhances the radiosensitivity of ECA109 and KYSE150 cells.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el efecto de la regulación negativa de survivina por el shRNA de Egr1-survivina combinado con radioterapia sobre la apoptosis y la radiosensibilidad del carcinoma de células escamosas de esófago Células ECA109 y KYSE150. Las células ECA109 y KYSE150 se transfectaron con shRNA de survivina Egr1 y luego se trataron con radioterapia. Después de 24 h, los niveles de ARNm y proteína de Egr1-survivina se detectaron mediante qPCR y Western-Blot. El ciclo celular y la apoptosis se detectaron mediante citometría de flujo. La transferencia Western también detectó niveles de Caspasa 3 y Caspasa 9 escindidas. Se usó YM155 como control positivo para inhibir la expresión de survivina. Los niveles de ARNm y proteína de survivina en células ECA109 y KYSE150 tratadas con shRNA de survivina Egr1 combinado con radioterapia fueron significativamente más bajos que los del grupo control en blanco, el grupo control de vector vacío y el grupo de radioterapia YM155 + (P <0,05). Mientras tanto, después de la regulación negativa de survivina, la proporción entre las fases G2 y S de las células ECA109 y KYSE150 aumentó significativamente, lo que llevó a una detención significativa de las fases G2 y S. Además, la apoptosis de las células ECA109 y KYSE150 aumentó significativamente (P <0,01). Además, los niveles de proteína de Caspasa 3 y Caspasa 9 escindidas aumentaron significativamente en el shRNA de Egr1- survivina combinado con el grupo de radioterapia. El shRNA de survivina de Egr1 combinado con radioterapia puede regular negativamente la expresión de survivina, lo que aumenta aún más la apoptosis y mejora la radiosensibilidad de las células ECA109 y KYSE150.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Survivin , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/therapy , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents , Radiation Tolerance , RNA, Messenger , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Transfection , Down-Regulation , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Combined Modality Therapy , RNA, Small Interfering , Cell Line, Tumor/radiation effects , Early Growth Response Protein 1 , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/genetics , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/radiotherapy
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245202, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285622

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although propolis has been reported for having anti-inflammatory activities, its effects on complement system has not been much studied. This research was conducted to find out the effects of Indonesian propolis on the expression levels of C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL, and C6 in zebrafish larvae which were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Counting of macrophages migrating to yolk sac and liver histology were carried out. Larvae were divided into four groups: CON (cultured in E3 medium only), LPS (cultured in a medium containing 0.5 μg/L LPS), LPSIBU (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then treated with 100 μg/L ibuprofen for 24 hours), and LPSPRO (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then immersed in 14,000 μg/L propolis for 24 hours) groups. The results showed that complement gene expression in larvae from the LPSIBU and LPSPRO groups were generally lower than in larvae from the LPS group. The number of macrophage migrations to the yolk in the LPSPRO group was also lower than in the LPS group. Histological structure of liver in all groups were considered normal. This study shows that Indonesian propolis has the potential to be used as an alternative to the substitution of NSAIDs.


Resumo Embora a própolis tenha sido relatada por ter atividade anti-inflamatória, seus efeitos no sistema complemento, uma parte do sistema imunológico inato, não foram muito estudados. Esta pesquisa foi conduzida para descobrir os efeitos da própolis da Indonésia nos níveis de expressão de C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL e C6 em larvas de peixe-zebra induzidas por lipopolissacarídeo (LPS). Foram realizadas contagens de macrófagos que migram para o saco vitelino e histologia do fígado. As larvas foram divididas em quatro grupos: CON (cultivadas apenas em meio E3), LPS (cultivadas em meio contendo 0,5 μg/L de LPS), LPSIBU (cultivadas em meio contendo LPS e, em seguida, tratadas com 100 μg/L de ibuprofeno por 24 horas) e LPSPRO (cultivado em meio contendo LPS, e então imerso em própolis 14,000 μg/L por 24 horas). Os resultados mostraram que a expressão do gene do complemento em larvas dos grupos LPSIBU e LPSPRO foi geralmente menor que em larvas do grupo LPS. O número de migrações de macrófagos para a gema no grupo LPSPRO também foi menor que no grupo LPS. A estrutura histológica do fígado em todos os grupos foi considerada normal. Este estudo mostra que a própolis indonésia tem potencial para ser utilizada como alternativa na substituição dos AINEs (anti-inflamatórios não esteroides).


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/pharmacology , Zebrafish/genetics , Down-Regulation , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Indonesia , Larva/genetics
4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 837-849, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in several important pathological processes and have been used in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases. This study aimed to investigate the role of circRNAs in neural tube defects (NTDs).@*METHOD@#We characterized circRNA-associated competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks in brain tissue of low folate -induced NTDs mouse at embryonic day 13.5 by high-throughput sequencing. The expression levels of Circzfp644, miR-20-5p and Gas7 were detected by RT-PCR. Gas7 and Circzfp644 functions were determined by miRNA-mimics and inhibitors in mouse teratocarcinoma cells (F9 cells), and luciferase gene reporter assay was assessed in the F9 cells. In addition, the expression levels of Circzfp644, miR-20-5p and Gas7 were determined by Nanostring in human NTDs tissues.@*RESULTS@#We detected 57 circRNA transcripts, 16 miRNAs, and 148 mRNAs that were significantly dysregulated in NTDs brain tissues compared with their expression levels in control (normal) tissues. Circzfp644 shared miRNA response elements with the growth arrest specific 7 ( Gas7) gene and competitively bound with miR-20-5p to increase the expression of Gas7. Downregulation of Circzfp644 and Gas7 and upregulation of miR-20-5p were found in human NTD tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides new perspectives on the role of circRNAs in nervous system development and the pathogenesis of NTDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , RNA, Circular/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Neural Tube Defects/genetics , Folic Acid
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2484-2495, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Excessive proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the main causes of restenosis (RS) in diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). However, the relevant pathogenic mechanisms are poorly understood.@*METHODS@#In this study, we introduced a "two-step injury protocol" rat RS model, which started with the induction of atherosclerosis (AS) and was followed by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry staining were used to verify the form of RS. Two-step transfection was performed, with the first transfection of Lin28a followed by a second transfection of let-7c and let-7g, to explore the possible mechanism by which Lin28a exerted effects. 5-ethynyl-2΄-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assay were performed to evaluate the ability of proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to detect the expression of Lin28a protein and let-7 family members.@*RESULTS@#Using a combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments, we discovered that let-7c, let-7g, and microRNA98 (miR98) were downstream targets of Lin28a. More importantly, decreased expression of let-7c/let-7g increased Lin28a, leading to further inhibition of let-7c/let-7g. We also found an increased level of let-7d in the RS pathological condition, suggesting that it may function as a protective regulator of the Lin28a/let-7 loop by inhibiting the proliferation and migration of VSMCs.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings indicated the presence of a double-negative feedback loop consisting of Lin28a and let-7c/let-7g, which may be responsible for the vicious behavior of VSMCs in RS.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Down-Regulation , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Feedback , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Atherosclerosis
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1284-1287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the diagnosis, treatment and genetic analysis of an infant with Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS).@*METHODS@#An infant suspected for SYS at the Hunan Provincial Children's Hospital on June 10, 2022 was subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing, and Sanger sequencing was used to verify the candidate variant. Structure of the wild-type and mutant proteins was constructed to analyze the potential hazard.@*RESULTS@#The infant was found to harbor a heterozygous frameshifting variant of c.1908delG (p.R637Gfs*65) of the MAGEL2 gene, which was found in neither of his parents. The variant has not been recorded by the public databases, and no relevant literature was retrieved. As the result of the variant, the MAGEL2 protein only retained part of its proline domain, which may lead to destruction and/or down-regulation of its function.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1908delG (p.R637Gfs*65) variant of the MAGEL2 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in this child. Combined with his clinical characteristics, the child was diagnosed with SYS. Above finding has also enriched the mutational spectrum of the MAGEL2 gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Down-Regulation , Heterozygote , Mutation , Parents , Proteins
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 245-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 84 patients with DSWPD were randomized into an observation group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (42 cases, 3 cases dropped off). On the basis of sleep hygiene education, acupuncture was applied at Shenmai (BL 62), Zhaohai (KI 6), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the observation group, while placebo acupuncture was applied at the same acupoints in the control group. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks, once every other day, 3 times a week in the 1st to 4th weeks; once every 3 days, 2 times a week in the 5th to 8th weeks. Before and after treatment, the actigraphy (ACT) indexes of objective sleep (total time of stay in bed, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, the number of awakenings and the wake time after falling asleep) and plasma cortisol (CORT) level were observed; before and after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment, the scores of morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ), insomnia severity index (ISI), fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the number of awakenings was reduced, and the wake time after falling asleep was shortened after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and those in the observation group after treatment were superior to the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MEQ scores after treatment in both groups and in the follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were increased (P<0.01), and the MEQ score of each time point after treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01). The scores of ISI, FSS and ESS after treatment, and the scores of ISI、ESS in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and in the observation group, the scores of ISI, FSS and ESS of each time point after treatment were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the plasma CORT level in the observation group was decreased compared with that before treatment and that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can improve the sleep and wake phase of patients with DSWPD, improve sleep quality and daytime function, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of plasma CORT level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Acupuncture Points , Down-Regulation , Sleep Duration
8.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1185-1196, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is a multifactorial disease, and the mechanism of non coding RNA interactions and inflammatory cell infiltration patterns are not fully understood. This study aims to construct a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network for this disease and clarify the infiltration patterns of inflammatory cells in orbital tissue to further explore the pathogenesis of GO.@*METHODS@#The differentially expressed genes were identified using the GEO2R analysis tool. The Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) and gene ontology analysis were used to analyze differential genes. RNA interaction relationships were extracted from the RNA interactome database. Protein-protein interactions were identified using the STRING database and were visualized using Cytoscape. StarBase, miRcode, and DIANA-LncBase Experimental v.2 were used to construct ceRNA networks together with their interacted non-coding RNA. The CIBERSORT algorithm was used to detect the patterns of infiltrating immune cells in GO using R software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 114 differentially expressed genes for GO and 121 pathways were detected using both the KEGG and gene ontology enrichment analysis. Four hub genes (SRSF6, DDX5, HNRNPC,and HNRNPM) were extracted from protein-protein interaction using cytoHubba in Cytoscape, 104 nodes and 142 edges were extracted, and a ceRNA network was identified (MALAT1-MIR21-DDX5). The results of immune cell analysis showed that in GO, the proportions of CD8+ T cells and CD4+ memory resting T cells were upregulated and downregulated, respectively. The proportion of CD4 memory resting T cells was positively correlated with the expression of MALAT1, MIR21, and DDX5.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study has constructed a ceRNA regulatory network (MALAT1-MIR21-DDX5) in GO orbital tissue, clarifying the downregulation of the proportion of CD4+ stationary memory T cells and their positive regulatory relationship with ceRNA components, further revealing the pathogenesis of GO.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Algorithms , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Down-Regulation , Graves Ophthalmopathy/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , MicroRNAs/genetics , Serine-Arginine Splicing Factors , Phosphoproteins
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1349-1357, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980848

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dysfunction of the gap junction channel protein connexin 43 (Cx43) contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced ventricular arrhythmias. Cx43 can be regulated by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification. Protein inhibitor of activated STAT Y (PIASy) is an E3 SUMO ligase for its target proteins. However, whether Cx43 is a target protein of PIASy and whether Cx43 SUMOylation plays a role in I/R-induced arrhythmias are largely unknown.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were infected with PIASy short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) using recombinant adeno-associated virus subtype 9 (rAAV9). Two weeks later, the rats were subjected to 45 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 2 h reperfusion. Electrocardiogram was recorded to assess arrhythmias. Rat ventricular tissues were collected for molecular biological measurements.@*RESULTS@#Following 45 min of ischemia, QRS duration and QTc intervals statistically significantly increased, but these values decreased after transfecting PIASy shRNA. PIASy downregulation ameliorated ventricular arrhythmias induced by myocardial I/R, as evidenced by the decreased incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, and reduced arrythmia score. In addition, myocardial I/R statistically significantly induced PIASy expression and Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by reduced Cx43 phosphorylation and plakophilin 2 (PKP2) expression. Moreover, PIASy downregulation remarkably reduced Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by increased Cx43 phosphorylation and PKP2 expression after I/R.@*CONCLUSION@#PIASy downregulation inhibited Cx43 SUMOylation and increased PKP2 expression, thereby improving ventricular arrhythmias in ischemic/reperfused rats heart.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Connexin 43/genetics , Sumoylation , Down-Regulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 265-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of Bushen Huoxue Fang (BSHXF, a traditional Chinese medicine formula) for improving recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) in mice and the role of tyrosine kinase (JAK2) and transcriptional activator (STAT3) signaling pathway in its therapeutic mechanism.@*METHODS@#Female CBA/J mice were caged with male DBA/2 mice to establish RSA mouse models, which were randomly divided into model group, dydrogesterone group and BSHXF group, with the female mice caged with male BALB/c mice as the control group (n=6). From the first day of pregnancy, the mice were subjected to daily intragastric administration of BSHXF, dydrogesterone, or distilled water (in control and model groups) for 12 days. After the treatments, serum levels of antithrombin III (AT-III), activated protein C (APC), tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), progesterone, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), and estradiol (E2) were detected in each group using ELISA. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of the endometrium of the mice. Western blotting was performed to determine the expressions of p-JAK2, p-Stat3 and Bcl-2 in the placenta of the mice.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control mice, the mouse models of RSA showed a significantly increased embryo loss rate with decreased serum levels of AT-III, T-PA, progesterone, APC and HCG, increased placental expressions of p-JAK2, p-STAT3 and Bax, and decreased expression of Bcl-2 (P < 0.05). Treatments with BSHXF and dydrogesterone both increased serum levels of AT-III, t-PA and HCG in the mouse models; Serum APC level was significantly reduced in BSHXF group and serum progesterone level was significantly increased in dydrogesterone group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BSHXF can improve the prethrombotic state and inhibit cell apoptosis by downregulating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to increase the pregnancy rate in mouse models of RSA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Abortion, Habitual/prevention & control , Signal Transduction , Down-Regulation , Disease Models, Animal
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 716-722, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986200

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the expression levels of the F9 gene and F9 protein in hepatocellular carcinoma by combining multiple gene chip data, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT qPCR), and immunohistochemistry. Additionally, explore their correlation with the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as with various clinical indicators and prognosis. Methods: The mRNA microarray dataset from the GEO database was analyzed to identify the F9 gene with significant expression differences associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver cancer and adjacent tissues were collected from 18 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma. RT-qPCR method was used to detect the F9 gene expression level. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the F9 protein level. Combined with the TCGA database information, the correlation between F9 gene expression level and prognostic and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. The biological function of F9 co-expressed genes associated with hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed by the Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Statistical analysis was performed using Graphpad Prism software. Results: Meta-analysis results showed that the expression of the F9 gene was lower in HCC tissues than in non-cancerous tissues. Immunohistochemistry results were basically consistent with those of RT-qPCR. The data obtained from TCGA showed that the F9 gene had lower expression values in stages III-IV, T3-T4, and patients with vascular invasion. A total of 127 genes were selected for bioinformatics analysis as co-expressed genes of F9, which were highly enriched in redox processes and metabolic pathways. Conclusion: This study validates that the F9 gene and F9 protein are lower in HCC. The down-regulation of the F9 gene predicts adverse outcomes, which may provide a new therapeutic target for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Down-Regulation , Prognosis , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 339-351, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982565

ABSTRACT

Ketone bodies have beneficial metabolic activities, and the induction of plasma ketone bodies is a health promotion strategy. Dietary supplementation of sodium butyrate (SB) is an effective approach in the induction of plasma ketone bodies. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms are unknown. In this study, SB was found to enhance the catalytic activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase 2 (HMGCS2), a rate-limiting enzyme in ketogenesis, to promote ketone body production in hepatocytes. SB administrated by gavage or intraperitoneal injection significantly induced blood ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in mice. BHB production was induced in the primary hepatocytes by SB. Protein succinylation was altered by SB in the liver tissues with down-regulation in 58 proteins and up-regulation in 26 proteins in the proteomics analysis. However, the alteration was mostly observed in mitochondrial proteins with 41% down- and 65% up-regulation, respectively. Succinylation status of HMGCS2 protein was altered by a reduction at two sites (K221 and K358) without a change in the protein level. The SB effect was significantly reduced by a SIRT5 inhibitor and in Sirt5-KO mice. The data suggests that SB activated HMGCS2 through SIRT5-mediated desuccinylation for ketone body production by the liver. The effect was not associated with an elevation in NAD+/NADH ratio according to our metabolomics analysis. The data provide a novel molecular mechanism for SB activity in the induction of ketone body production.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Butyric Acid/metabolism , Ketone Bodies/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Hydroxybutyrates/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Sirtuins/metabolism , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Synthase/metabolism
13.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 17-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982475

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) escape from the immune system is mediated through several immunosuppressive phenotypes that are critical to the initiation and progression of tumors. As a hallmark of cancer, DNA damage repair is closely related to changes in the immunophenotypes of tumor cells. Although flap endonuclease-1 (FEN1), a pivotal DNA-related enzyme is involved in DNA base excision repair to maintain the stability of the cell genome, the correlation between FEN1 and tumor immunity has been unexplored. In the current study, by analyzing the clinicopathological characteristics of FEN1, we demonstrated that FEN1 overexpressed and that an inhibitory immune microenvironment was established in OSCC. In addition, we found that downregulating FEN1 inhibited the growth of OSCC tumors. In vitro studies provided evidence that FEN1 knockdown inhibited the biological behaviors of OSCC and caused DNA damage. Performing multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC), we directly observed that the acquisition of critical immunosuppressive phenotypes was correlated with the expression of FEN1. More importantly, FEN1 directly or indirectly regulated two typical immunosuppressive phenotype-related proteins human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DR) and programmed death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1), through the interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)/janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator transcription 1 (STAT1) pathway. Our study highlights a new perspective on FEN1 action for the first time, providing theoretical evidence that it may be a potential immunotherapy target for OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , DNA , Down-Regulation , Flap Endonucleases/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Phenotype , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Tumor Microenvironment , Janus Kinases/metabolism
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1082-1088, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941045

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Fifteen male SD rats were randomized equally into sham operation group, myocardial IR model group, and SIK2 inhibitor group (in which the rats were treated with intravenous injection of 10 mg/kg bosutinib via the left femoral vein 24 h before modeling). Ultrasound was used to detect the cardiac function of the rats, and myocardial pathologies were observed with HE staining. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagy of myocardial cells, and Western blotting was performed to detect the contents of the autophagy-related proteins SIK2, LC3B, Beclin-1, p62 and the expressions of p-mTOR, mTOR, p-ULK1, and ULK1 in myocardial tissue.@*RESULTS@#Myocardial IR injury significantly increased the number of autophagosomes (P < 0.05) and the expression of SIK2 protein (P < 0.01) in the myocardial tissues. Treatment with bosutinib before modeling obviously lowered the expression of SIK2 protein (P < 0.01), alleviated myocardial pathologies, and reduced the number of autophagosomes (P < 0.05) in the myocardial tissue. The rats with myocardial IR injury showed obviously lowered LVEF and FS values (P < 0.001), which were significantly improved by bosutinib treatment (P < 0.05); no significant difference was detected in IVSDd or LVPWDd among the 3 groups (P > 0.05). Myocardial IR injury obviously increased the expressions of LC3-II/LC3-I and Beclin-1 proteins and lowered the expression of p62 protein (P < 0.01), and these changes were significantly rescued by bosutinib treatment (P < 0.05). The rat models of myocardial IR injury showed significantly increased expression of p-ULK1 (Ser757) (P < 0.01) and lowered expression of p-mTOR protein (P < 0.0001) in the myocardium, and these changes were obviously reversed by bosutinib (P < 0.01 or 0.05); there was no significant difference in mTOR and ULK1 expressions among the 3 groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SIK2 may promote autophagy through the mTOR/ULK1 signaling pathway, and inhibiting SIK2 can reduce abnormal autophagy and alleviate myocardial IR injury in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog/metabolism , Beclin-1/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
16.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 36-36, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939855

ABSTRACT

Tumor volume increases continuously in the advanced stage, and aside from the self-renewal of tumor cells, whether the oncogenic transformation of surrounding normal cells is involved in this process is currently unclear. Here, we show that oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) promote the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of normal epithelial cells but delay their apoptosis. In addition, nuclear-cytoplasmic invaginations and multiple nucleoli are observed in sEV-treated normal cells, both of which are typical characteristics of premalignant lesions of OSCC. Mechanistically, miR-let-7c in OSCC-derived sEVs is transferred to normal epithelial cells, leading to the transcriptional inhibition of p53 and inactivation of the p53/PTEN pathway. In summary, we demonstrate that OSCC-derived sEVs promote the precancerous transformation of normal epithelial cells, in which the miR-let-7c/p53/PTEN pathway plays an important role. Our findings reveal that cancer cells can corrupt normal epithelial cells through sEVs, which provides new insight into the progression of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Down-Regulation , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Extracellular Vesicles/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
17.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 34-34, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939853

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent joint disease with no effective treatment strategies. Aberrant mechanical stimuli was demonstrated to be an essential factor for OA pathogenesis. Although multiple studies have detected potential regulatory mechanisms underlying OA and have concentrated on developing novel treatment strategies, the epigenetic control of OA remains unclear. Histone demethylase JMJD3 has been reported to mediate multiple physiological and pathological processes, including cell differentiation, proliferation, autophagy, and apoptosis. However, the regulation of JMJD3 in aberrant force-related OA and its mediatory effect on disease progression are still unknown. In this work, we confirmed the upregulation of JMJD3 in aberrant force-induced cartilage injury in vitro and in vivo. Functionally, inhibition of JMJD3 by its inhibitor, GSK-J4, or downregulation of JMJD3 by adenovirus infection of sh-JMJD3 could alleviate the aberrant force-induced chondrocyte injury. Mechanistic investigation illustrated that aberrant force induces JMJD3 expression and then demethylates H3K27me3 at the NR4A1 promoter to promote its expression. Further experiments indicated that NR4A1 can regulate chondrocyte apoptosis, cartilage degeneration, extracellular matrix degradation, and inflammatory responses. In vivo, anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) was performed to construct an OA model, and the therapeutic effect of GSK-J4 was validated. More importantly, we adopted a peptide-siRNA nanoplatform to deliver si-JMJD3 into articular cartilage, and the severity of joint degeneration was remarkably mitigated. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that JMJD3 is flow-responsive and epigenetically regulates OA progression. Our work provides evidences for JMJD3 inhibition as an innovative epigenetic therapy approach for joint diseases by utilizing p5RHH-siRNA nanocomplexes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage, Articular/pathology , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Epigenesis, Genetic , Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases/metabolism , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4, Group A, Member 1/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/pathology , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 171-175, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect and mechanism of down-regulating lncRNA TTTY15 targeting miR-4500 on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of A172 glioma cells.@*METHODS@#The difference in TTTY15 expression between the glioma cells and tissue was determined with a qRT-PCR method. Complementary binding sites of TTTY15 and miR-4500 were predicted with Starbase software, and the targeting relationship was validated with a luciferase reporter system. A172 glioma cells were divided into Control, si-NC (transfected with control siRNA), si-TTTY15 (transfected with TTTY15 siRNA), si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-NC (co-transfected with TTTY15 siRNA and inhibitor control) and si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-4500 (co-transfected with TTTY15 siRNA and miR-4500 inhibitor) groups. Proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins of the A172 glioma cells were respectively detected with CCK-8, flow cytometry, Transwell chamber and Western blotting assays.@*RESULTS@#The expression of TTTY15 in glioma cells and glioma tissues have both increased. The expression levels of TTTY15 and miR-4500 in glioma tissues were inversely correlated. TTTY15 and miR-4500 are mutually targeted. Compared with those of the Control and si-NC groups, the glioma cells in the si-TTTY15 group showed increased level of miR-4500, decreased survival rate, increased apoptosis rate, enhanced cell migration and invasion, increased expression of Bax protein, and decreased expression of Bcl-2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins (P<0.05). Compared with those of the si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-NC group, the A172 glioma cells in the si-TTTY15+Anti-miR-4500 group showed decreased level of miR-4500, increased cell survival rate, decreased apoptosis rate, enhanced cell migration and invasion, decreased expression of Bax protein, and increased expression of Bcl-2, MMP-2, and MMP-9 proteins (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulating TTTY15 targeting miR-4500 can inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion and induce apoptosis of the A172 glioma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioma/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding
19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 437-447, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#miR-663a has been reported to be downregulated by X-ray irradiation and participates in radiation-induced bystander effect via TGF-β1. The goal of this study was to explore the role of miR-663a during radiation-induced Epithelium-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT).@*Methods@#TGF-β1 or IR was used to induce EMT. After miR-663a transfection, cell migration and cell morphological changes were detected and the expression levels of miR-663a, TGF-β1, and EMT-related factors were quantified.@*Results@#Enhancement of cell migration and promotion of mesenchymal changes induced by either TGF-β1 or radiation were suppressed by miR-663a. Furthermore, both X-ray and carbon ion irradiation resulted in the upregulation of TGF-β1 and downregulation of miR-663a, while the silencing of TGF-β1 by miR-663a reversed the EMT process after radiation.@*Conclusion@#Our findings demonstrate an EMT-suppressing effect by miR-663a via TGF-β1 in radiation-induced EMT.


Subject(s)
Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Epithelium/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology
20.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(1): 60-66, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152880

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4 (ADAMTS-4) and ADAMTS-5 normal expression levels are essential for ovulation and subsequent fertilization. The objective of the present study was to assess expression pattern of these genes in cumulus cells (CCs) taken from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to investigate any possible relationship with the oocyte quality. Subjects and methods: ADAMTS-4 and -5 expression levels within CCs containing oocytes at the metaphase II (MII) and germinal vesicle (GV) stages, taken from 35 patients with PCOS and 35 women with normal ovarian function, were investigated using RT-qPCR. Moreover, possible correlations between ADAMTS-4, ADAMTS-5, and progesterone receptors (PRs) expression as well as oocyte quality were evaluated. Results: ADAMTS-4 and -5 expression levels were dramatically diminished in the CCs of the PCOS patients when compared to the controls. ADAMTS-4 and -5 expression levels were correlated with each other and with the oocyte quality. Furthermore, lower expression levels of ADAMTS-4 and -5 in the PCOS patients were strongly correlated with the diminished PRs expression levels. Conclusions: Downregulation of ADAMTS-4 and -5 in the human CCs of the PCOS patients correlated with the decline in the PRs expression, and impaired oocyte quality may cause lower oocyte recovery, maturation, and fertilization rate.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Oocytes , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/genetics , ADAMTS4 Protein/genetics , ADAMTS5 Protein/genetics , Down-Regulation
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