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2.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(4): 378-387, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1423868

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: presentar un caso de necrosis uterina tras técnica de sutura hemostática por hemorragia posparto y hacer una revisión de la literatura para determinar la técnica de sutura utilizada, los hallazgos clínicos, la técnica diagnóstica y el tratamiento realizado en los casos clínicos descritos. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una mujer de 34 años que consultó por dolor abdominal al octavo día tras cesárea por placenta previa, que precisó sutura de B-Lynch por atonía uterina y cuyo diagnóstico fue necrosis uterina. La paciente requirió histerectomía abdominal total, con evolución satisfactoria. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline vía Pubmed, Embase y Web of Science. Se buscaron series y reportes de casos y cohortes de mujeres con necrosis uterina posterior al uso de suturas de compresión uterina para control de hemorragia posparto. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas al diagnóstico, técnica de sutura, pruebas diagnósticas y tratamiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 23 estudios con 24 pacientes. El 83 % de las necrosis ocurrieron tras cesárea. La técnica más utilizada fue B-Lynch (66 %), seguida de Cho (25 %). Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron fiebre y dolor abdominal. La prueba diagnóstica más utilizada fue la tomografía computarizada (9 de 24 casos). En la mayoría de casos se realizó histerectomía (75 %). Conclusiones: la necrosis de la pared uterina es una complicación infrecuente pero grave. Sería recomendable el diseño de cohortes de seguimiento de mujeres sometidas a estos procedimientos para determinar la incidencia de complicaciones asociadas.


Objectives: To present a case of uterine necrosis following hemostatic suturing to control postpartum bleeding, and to review the literature in order to identify the suture techniques employed, clinical findings, diagnostics and treatment in the clinical cases described. Materials and Methods: A 34-year-old woman presenting with abdominal pain eight days after cesarean delivery due to placenta previa who required B-Lynch compression suture due to uterine atony, and who was diagnosed with uterine necrosis. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with a satisfactory recovery. A systematic literature search was conducted in the Medline vía Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science databases. The search included case series and reports, and cohorts of women with uterine necrosis following the use of uterine compression sutures for postpartum bleeding. The analysis included sociodemographic and clinical variables at the time of diagnosis, suturing technique, diagnostic tests and treatment. Results: Overall, 23 studies with 24 patients were included. Of all necrosis cases, 83% occurred following cesarean section. B-Lynch was the suturing technique most frequently used (66 %), followed by the Cho suture (25 %). The most frequent symptoms were fever and abdominal pain. The most commonly used diagnostic test was computed tomography (9/24 cases). Hysterectomy was performed in the majority of cases (75 %). Conclusions: Although rare, uterine wall necrosis is a serious complication. It would be advisable to design follow-up cohort studies of women undergoing these procedures in order to determine the incidence of associated complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterus , Hemostatic Techniques , Necrosis , Cesarean Section , Suture Techniques , Aftercare , Postpartum Hemorrhage
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06639, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1250494

ABSTRACT

In Brazil, snakes from the Bothrops genus are responsible for thousands of accidents, and their venoms are mainly composed of proteolytic enzymes. Although the antibothropic serum produced by the Brazilian Institutes is remarkably efficient, more studies are necessary, especially in veterinary medicine. The venom contain enzymes and non-enzymatic proteins that interfere with hemostasis leading to hemorrhage or even thrombosis. Possible treatment associations with known bothropic antivenom were the reason for the development of the present study. The aim of this study was to evaluate hemostasis alterations caused by Bothrops alternatus venom in rabbits followed by treatments with anti-bothropic serum, tranexamic acid and desmopressin. Twenty New Zealand rabbits were distributed into five groups (n=4) that were experimentally envenomed with 150mcg/kg of B. alternatus venom via intramuscular injection and treated as follow: Group 1 (G1) was the positive control and received venom and PBS/BSA; Group 2 (G2) was treated with tranexamic acid; Group 3 (G3) with desmopressin; Group 4 (G4) with tranexamic acid and anti-bothropic serum; and Group 5 (G5) with anti-bothropic serum and desmopressin. Blood samples were collected before venom administration, and one, four, eight and 12 hours after, for Partial activated partial thromboplastin time, Prothrombin Time, Thrombin Time and fibrinogen evaluation. Thrombin generation (TG) test was carried out with a pool of samples from final times (8 and 12h). At the end of 12h, all animals were euthanized and necropsy was conducted. Samples from muscle tissue, heart, lungs and kidney were analyzed. Classic coagulation tests showed no significant differences amongst groups and times. However, TG indicated that the venom causes a hypocoagulability state, which was not reversed by proposed treatments. Histology showed muscle inflammation, hemorrhage and necrosis, as well as hemorrhage in other tissues with no differences amongst groups. B. alternatus envenomation causes hypocoagulability detected by TG assay, but not through classical coagulation tests. The use of tranexamic acid and desmopressin for hemostasis stabilization after inoculation of the venom did not show advantage in coagulation restoration.(AU)


No Brasil, as serpentes do gênero Bothrops são responsáveis por milhares de acidentes, e seus venenos são compostos principalmente de enzimas proteolíticas. Embora o soro antiofídico produzido pelos institutos brasileiros seja notavelmente eficiente, mais estudos são necessários, especialmente na medicina veterinária. O veneno contem enzimas e proteínas não-enzimáticas que interferem com a hemostasia levando a hemorragias ou trombose. A associação de outros tratamentos ao soro antibotrópico foi a razão para o desenvolvimento do presente estudo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as alterações da hemostasia causadas pelo veneno de Bothrops alternatus em coelhos, após tratamento com soro antibotrópico, ácido tranexâmico e desmopressina. Vinte coelhos da Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em cinco grupos (n = 4) que foram submetidos a experimentos com 150mcg/kg de veneno de B. alternatus por injeção intramuscular. O Grupo 1 (G1) foi o controle positivo e recebeu veneno e PBS / BSA, enquanto o Grupo 2 (G2) foi tratado com ácido tranexâmico, o Grupo 3 (G3) com desmopressina, o Grupo 4 (G4) com ácido tranexâmico e soro antibotrópico, e o Grupo 5 (G5) com soro antibotrópico e desmopressina. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas antes da administração do veneno, e uma, quatro, oito e 12 horas após os tratamentos para realização de tempo de tromboplastina parcial ativada parcial (TTPa), tempo de protrombina (TP), tempo de trombina (TT) e mensuração de fibrinogênio. Para o ensaio de geração de trombina (TG) foi realizado com um pool de amostras nos tempos finais (8 e 12h). Ao final das 12h, todos os animais foram sacrificados e a necropsia foi realizada. Amostras de tecido muscular, coração, pulmões e rins foram analisadas. Os testes TTPa, TP, TT e fibrinogênio não mostraram diferenças significativas entre os grupos e os tempos. No entanto, o TG indicou que o veneno causa um estado de hipocoagulabilidade, que não foi revertido pelos tratamentos propostos. Na histologia, foram observadas inflamação muscular, hemorragia e necrose, além de hemorragia em outros tecidos, sem diferenças entre os grupos. O envenenamento por B. alternatus causa hipocoagulabilidade detectada mais precocemente pelo teste de geração de trombina. O uso de ácido tranexâmico e desmopressina para estabilização da hemostasia após a inoculação do veneno não mostrou vantagem na restauração da coagulação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Snakes , Bothrops , Hemostasis , Hemostatic Techniques
4.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 69-73, 2021.
Article in English | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252450

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Complications in the recent postoperative period of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction are common. Among them, pain, hemarthrosis, and difficulty of complete range of motion. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of the intra-articular carboxymethylcellulose ­ polysaccharide B bicomponent shortly after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and to compare the results obtained for pain control, hemarthrosis, and knee range of motion with a control group. Materials and methods: randomized, and prospective clinical trial of thirty-two patients divided into two groups: reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with an intra-articular injection of a bicomponent carboxymethylcellulose-polysaccharide B (n = 16) and without the bicomponent (n = 16). Pain, hemarthrosis and knee range of motion were evaluated in the first postoperative week. Results: the group with bicomponent presented less pain on the third (p = 0.017) and fifth (p = 0.029) postoperative day when compared to the control group. Hemarthrosis was significantly lower on the first postoperative day (p = 0.001), and there was a significant improvement in the range of motion on the seventh day of surgery (p = 0.008) in this same group. Conclusions: the use of intra-articular carboxymethylcellulose-polysaccharide B showed superior results for pain control, hemarthrosis, and gain in the knee range of motion in the recent postoperative period (up to seven days) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, when compared to patients from the control group


Subject(s)
Adult , Hemostatic Techniques , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Hemarthrosis , Knee Joint
5.
Colomb. med ; 51(4): e4044511, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154005

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hemorrhagic shock and its complications are a major cause of death among trauma patients. The management of hemorrhagic shock using a damage control resuscitation strategy has been shown to decrease mortality and improve patient outcomes. One of the components of damage control resuscitation is hemostatic resuscitation, which involves the replacement of lost blood volume with components such as packed red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, and platelets in a 1:1:1:1 ratio. However, this is a strategy that is not applicable in many parts of Latin America and other low-and-middle-income countries throughout the world, where there is a lack of well-equipped blood banks and an insufficient availability of blood products. To overcome these barriers, we propose the use of cold fresh whole blood for hemostatic resuscitation in exsanguinating patients. Over 6 years of experience in Ecuador has shown that resuscitation with cold fresh whole blood has similar outcomes and a similar safety profile compared to resuscitation with hemocomponents. Whole blood confers many advantages over component therapy including, but not limited to the transfusion of blood with a physiologic ratio of components, ease of transport and transfusion, less volume of anticoagulants and additives transfused to the patient, and exposure to fewer donors. Whole blood is a tool with reemerging potential that can be implemented in civilian trauma centers with optimal results and less technical demand.


Resumen El choque hemorrágico y sus complicaciones son la principal causa de muerte en los pacientes con trauma. La resucitación en control de daños ha demostrado una disminución en la mortalidad y mejoría en el manejo del paciente. La resucitación hemostática consiste en la recuperación del volumen con hemoderivados como glóbulos rojos, plasma, crioprecipitado y plaquetas, en proporciones de 1:1:1:1. Sin embargo, esta demanda de hemo componentes podría no aplicarse para toda Latinoamérica u otros países de medianos y bajos ingresos. Las principales barreras para la implementación de esta estrategia serían la escasa disponibilidad de bancos de sangre y de hemoderivados insuficientes para contar con un protocolo de transfusión masiva. Una propuesta para superar estas barreras es el uso de sangre total fresca fría para la resucitación hemostática de los pacientes exsanguinados. Ecuador ha sido pionero en la implementación de esta estrategia con una experiencia ya de seis años, en que han demostrado que la sangre total tiene ventajas sobre la terapia de hemo componentes incluyendo, pero no limitando, la trasfusión de sangre con una razón fisiológica de componentes, fácil transporte y transfusión, menor volumen de anticoagulantes y aditivos trasfundidos al paciente, y menor exposición a donantes. La sangre total es una herramienta con un potencial reemergente que puede ser implementado en centros de trauma civil con óptimos resultados y menor demanda técnica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Resuscitation/methods , Shock, Hemorrhagic/etiology , Shock, Hemorrhagic/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Blood Transfusion , Hemostatic Techniques , Injury Severity Score
7.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2020. 186 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1341929

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a efetividade das terapias hemostáticas em indivíduos sob terapia anticoagulante a fim de evitar o sangramento por procedimentos odontológicos e descrever os fatores associados à qualidade de vida e saúde bucal entre pacientes em terapia anticoagulante oral com varfarina. Inicialmente foi desenvolvida uma revisão sistemática e meta-analise em rede que revisou os ensaios clínicos em diferentes bases de dados para determinar a efetividade das terapias hemostáticas. A extração de dados, a avaliação do risco de viés dos artigos incluídos (ferramentas de JBI e Cochrane) e a avaliação da certeza das evidências (GRADE) foram realizadas. Como resultados, foi verificado que o N-butil-2-cianoacrilato [RR -35,00 (95% CI - 107,12, -5,78)], sulfato de cálcio (CaSO4) [RR -5,62 (95% CI -11,41, -1,03)], e Ácido tranexâmico (TXA) [RR -3,46 (95% CI -7,63, -0,77)] mostraram efeitos benéficos em comparação com o placebo. No entanto, apenas o TXA apresentou efeitos benéficos com evidência de certeza moderada. N-butil-2-cianoacrilato e CaSO4 apresentaram evidência de certeza muito baixa. Não foram observadas diferenças entre agentes hemostáticos na prevenção de eventos de sangramento. Concluindo, os eventos de sangramento em indivíduos em anticoagulação oral diminuíram com o uso de TXA em comparação com o placebo. O N-butil-2-cianoacrilato e o CaSO4 também foram superiores ao placebo, mas a certeza das evidências era baixa. Para o tempo médio de sangramento, não foi observada diferença significativa nos agentes hemostáticos. Por outro lado, foi desenvolvido um estudo transversal, questionários validados avaliaram doença periodontal auto-relatada, variáveis demográficas e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB), usando a versão curta do instrumento Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), em pacientes anticoagulados de um Hospital de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Após a calibração intra-examinador (Kappa = 0,95), um examinador avaliou a experiência dos pacientes com cárie dentária e a necessidade de próteses dentárias. A análise estatística envolveu proporções e medidas de tendência central. Modelos de regressão binomial negativos foram usados para estimar as razões de taxas (RR) e os intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC) correspondentes. A média do OHIP-14 foi de 10,62 (DP = 10,92). Um escore total do OHIP-14 mais alto (baixa QVRSB) foi associado ao grupo étnico, idade, auto-relato de doença periodontal, cárie dentária e auto-relato de saúde bucal. Concluindo, as doenças bucais entre indivíduos submetidos a terapia anticoagulante oral com varfarina é preocupante. Os fatores demográficos e clínicos têm uma influência na percepção de pacientes anticoagulados na QVRSB.


This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of hemostatic protocols in anticoagulated patients to prevent bleeding in dental procedures and describe the factors associated with quality of life and oral health-related to patients undergoing oral anticoagulant therapy with warfarin. In the first instance, in the systematic review and network meta-analysis, a search of the literature was conducted in different databases where clinical trials were evaluated to determine the effectiveness of hemostatic protocols. Data extraction and assessment of the risk of bias (JBI and Cochrane tools) of the included articles were performed. Assessment of the certainty of the evidence (GRADE) was also performed. As results we find that the N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate [RR -35.00 (95% CI - 107.12, -5.78)], calcium sulfate (CaSO4) [RR -5.62 (95% CI -11.41, -1.03)], and tranexamic acid (TXA) [RR -3.46 (95% CI -7.63, -0.77)] showed beneficial effects compared to placebo. However, only TXA presented beneficial effects with moderate certainty evidence. N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate and CaSO4 presented very low certainty evidence. No differences were observed between hemostatic agents in preventing bleeding events. Concluding, the bleeding events in individuals on oral anticoagulation decreased with the use of TXA compared to placebo. N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate and CaSO4 were also superior to placebo, but the certainty of the evidence was low. For the mean bleeding time, no significant difference in hemostatic agents was observed. On the other hand, a the cross-sectional study was performed, validated questionnaires assessed self-reported periodontal disease, demographic variables, and OHRQoL, using the short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) instrument in anticoagulated patients at a Belo Horizonte, Brazil. After calibration (Kappa = 0,95), an examiner evaluated patients' experience with dental caries and the need for dental prostheses. Statistical analysis involved proportions and measures of central tendency. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the rate ratios (RR) and the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). The OHIP-14 mean was 10.62 (SD = 10.92). A higher OHIP-14 total score (low OHRQoL) was associated with an ethnic group, age, periodontal disease self-report, dental caries, and oral health self-report. Concluding, the burden of oral diseases among individuals undergoing OAT is worrisome. Additionally, demographic and clinical factors have an influence on the perception of anticoagulated patients on OHRQoL.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Oral Health , Hemostatic Techniques , Dental Care , Anticoagulants , Periodontal Diseases , Warfarin , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(2): 314-322, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011443

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. La hemorragia posparto es la primera causa de morbimortalidad materna en el mundo y las laceraciones son la segunda causa en frecuencia. Su tratamiento temprano y apropiado es clave para obtener buenos resultados, y la oclusión endovascular de los vasos pélvicos se cuenta entre las opciones terapéuticas. Objetivo. Describir la experiencia del tratamiento con la 'embolización' (sic) arterial de los vasos pélvicos. Materiales y métodos. Se trató de un estudio retrospectivo del tipo de serie de casos basado en el registro institucional de la Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia, en el que se incluyeron las pacientes con hemorragia posparto atendidas entre el 1º de enero del 2011 y el 31 de octubre del 2016. Resultados. De las 430 pacientes con diagnóstico de hemorragia posparto, 11 fueron sometidas a la 'embolización' de los vasos pélvicos. De este grupo, 10 pacientes tuvieron parto vaginal con laceraciones vaginales complejas, y la mayoría (9 casos, 82 %) fue remitida por otras instituciones de menor complejidad después de 20,5 horas. Las arterias ocluidas frecuentemente fueron la vaginal superior y la pudenda interna. Ninguna paciente presentó complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento y solo dos presentaron sangrado recurrente. Tres pacientes requirieron histerectomía y ninguna murió. Conclusión. El manejo percutáneo es un método de tercera línea, seguro y efectivo para el control de los sangrados de difícil manejo en las pacientes con hemorragia posparto por desgarros perineales complejos. Estos resultados son similares a los reportados en la literatura científica mundial disponible hasta la fecha.


Abstract Introduction: Postpartum hemorrhage is a world-leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Lacerations are the second most frequent cause. Early management with appropriate treatment is essential to obtain adequate outcomes; the endovascular occlusion of pelvic vessels is among the management options. Objective: To describe the management experience with the arterial embolization of pelvic vessels. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective case series study based on the institutional registry of Fundación Valle del Lili (Cali, Colombia), which included patients with postpartum hemorrhage admitted between January 1st, 2011 and October 31st, 2016. Results: Out of 430 patients diagnosed with PPH, 11 were subject to embolization of pelvic vessels. Within our group, 10 patients had a vaginal delivery with severe vaginal lacerations; most of them (9 cases, 82%) were referred from other lower-complexity institutions after 20.5 hours. Occlusion was more frequent in the superior vaginal and the internal pudendal arteries. No patients showed complications associated with the procedure and only 2 showed recurrent bleeding while 3 required a hysterectomy, but no deaths occurred. Conclusion: Percutaneous management is a safe and effective third-line method for difficult-management bleedings control in patients with postpartum hemorrhage after a severe perineal tear. These results are similar to case reports published in the worldwide literature available to date.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Hemostatic Techniques , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Postpartum Hemorrhage/therapy , Plasma , Recurrence , Blood Transfusion , Cesarean Section , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Combined Modality Therapy , Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology , Postoperative Hemorrhage/therapy , Lacerations/complications , Delivery, Obstetric/adverse effects , Postpartum Hemorrhage/surgery , Hysterectomy
9.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(4): 354-357, ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959395

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad obtenida con la compresión ecoguiada como primera elección para lograr la trombosis del pseudoaneurisma iatrogénico post estudio o intervencionismo. Material y Método: Estudio retrospectivo observacional de 9 pacientes en quienes se realizó la compresión ecoguiada como primera alternativa de manejo frente a pseudoaneurismas iatrogénicos secundarios a procedimientos diagnósticos o terapéuticos ocurridos entre agosto de 2012 y diciembre de 2015 en el Hospital Regional de Talca. Resultados: De 4.070 procedimientos se presentó la complicación en 9 pacientes, un 0,22%; 7 posterior a procedimientos terapéuticos (0,4%), y 2 en el grupo de diagnósticos (0,08%). La muestra se compone por 6 hombres y 3 mujeres de edad promedio 70 años. El vaso comprometido fue principalmente la arteria femoral con un 77%. Los pseudoaneurismas ocurrieron mayoritariamente posteriores a procedimientos terapéuticos (77%); y el éxito de la compresión ecoguiada se obtuvo en el 67%. No hubo complicaciones asociadas al tratamiento. Conclusiones: La compresión ecoguiada tiene un porcentaje de éxito menor en esta pequeña serie que los obtenidos por otros autores, pero al no presentar complicaciones y por su bajo costo creemos debe mantenerse como primera alternativa.


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness obtained with echo guided compression as the first choice to achieve thrombosis of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm after study or interventionism. Material and Method: Retrospective observational study of 9 patients who underwent echo-guided compression as the first management alternative to iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms following diagnostic or therapeutic procedures that occurred between August 2012 and December 2015 at the Regional Hospital of Talca. Results: Of 4,070 procedures the complication was presented in 9 patients, 0.22%; 7 after therapeutic procedures (0.4%), and 2 in the diagnostic group (0.08%). The sample consists of 6 men and 3 women of average age 70 years. The involved vessel was mainly the femoral artery with 77%. Pseudoaneurysms occurred mostly after therapeutic procedures (77%); and the success of the echogenic compression was obtained in 67%. There were no complications associated with treatment. Conclusions : Image guided compression has a lower success rate in this small series than those obtained by other authors, but since there are no complications and because of its low cost, we believe that it should be kept as the first alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Catheterization/adverse effects , Hemostatic Techniques , Ultrasonography/methods , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Pressure , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Aneurysm, False/epidemiology , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery/injuries , Iatrogenic Disease
10.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 235-241, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738983

ABSTRACT

Peptic ulcer bleeding is a common complication of peptic ulcer disease and the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Despite advances in drug usage and endoscopic modalities, no significant improvement is observed in the mortality rate of bleeding ulcers. The purpose of this review is to discuss various endoscopic hemostatic methods to treat peptic ulcer bleeding. Endoscopic hemostatic techniques can be classified into injection, mechanical, electrocoagulation, hemostatic powder, and endoscopic Doppler-guided hemostatic therapies (the last mentioned being a newly developed technique). Endoscopic hemostasis can be performed as mono or combination therapy using the aforementioned methods. Endoscopic hemostasis is the most important treatment for patients with peptic ulcer bleeding. Endoscopists should consider the treatment approach for peptic ulcer bleeding based on patient characteristics, the size and shape of the lesion, the endoscopist's expertise, and the resources and circumstances at each hospital. Follow-up studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of newly developed hemostatic powder therapy and endoscopic Doppler-guided hemostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Duodenum , Electrocoagulation , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Hemostatic Techniques , Mortality , Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage , Peptic Ulcer , Stomach , Ulcer
11.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 31(1): e1342, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885756

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Obtaining effective hemostasis either in the traumatic or surgical lesions of parenchymal viscera, especially the liver, has always been a challenge. Aim: Comparative study between the use of different hemostatic sponges in hepatic wound and their capacity of integration to cells in a short period. Methods: Fifteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Through laparotomy a standardized wound in hepatic right lobe was made. The animals were treated with three sponges, being gelatin in group I, equine collagen in group II, and oxidized cellulose in group III. The hemostatic capacity was analysed. On the 7º day after surgery samples for histology analysis (H&E and picrosirius) were collected for inflammatory evaluation and collagen quantification (types I and III) with polarized microscopy. Results: All materials used had similar haemostatic effects, with no significant difference in hemostasis time. In the assessment of tissue repair and adhesions provoked, as well as analysis of the inflammatory process, the gelatin sponge presented greater inflammation and adhesions to the contiguous structures to the procedure in relation to the other groups. Conclusion: Animals which had their wounds treated with collagen and regenerated cellulose sponges presented better results in relationship to the ones treated with gelatin sponge.


RESUMO Racional A obtenção de hemostasia eficaz nas lesões traumáticas ou cirúrgicas de vísceras parenquimatosas, em especial do fígado, sempre foi desafiante. Objetivo: Comparar o uso de hemostáticos absorvíveis em ferimento hepático quanto à capacidade hemostática e de integração aos tecidos em curto prazo. Métodos: Foram utilizados 15 ratos Wistar separados em três grupos. Foi realizada laparotomia e ferimento padronizado em lobo hepático direito. Os animais do grupo I foram tratados com esponja de gelatina sobre os ferimentos; os do grupo II com esponja de colágeno equino, e os do grupo III com celulose regenerada oxidada. Na ocasião foi estudada a capacidade hemostática. No 7º dia de pós-operatório nova laparotomia foi realizada e foram coletadas amostras para estudos histológicos (H&E e picrosirius) avaliando os processos por microscopia ótica e de polarização para quantificação de colágeno (tipos I e III). Resultados: Todos os materiais usados apresentaram efeitos hemostáticos semelhantes, não havendo diferença significativa no tempo de hemostasia. Na avaliação da reparação tecidual e aderências provocadas, assim como análise do processo inflamatório, os tratados com esponja de gelatina apresentaram maior inflamação e aderências às estruturas contíguas ao procedimento em relação aos outros grupos. Conclusão: Os animais tratados com a esponja de colágeno e celulose regenerada apresentaram resultados melhores que aqueles com esponja de gelatina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Cellulose, Oxidized/therapeutic use , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Collagen/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use , Liver/injuries , Wound Healing , Surgical Sponges , Rats, Wistar
12.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 39: e20170257, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960827

ABSTRACT

Abstract OBJECTIVE Randomized clinical trial protocol to evaluate the incidence of radial artery occlusion with two different arterial compression devices after transradial procedures. METHODS Barbeau's test will be performed in adults scheduled to undergo transradial interventional procedures. Those with A, B, or C plethysmographic patterns will be selected. At the end of the procedure, patients will be randomly assigned (1:1) to receive patent haemostasis with TR Band™ device or conventional haemostasis with an elastic adhesive bandage. The primary outcome is the incidence of radial artery occlusion. Secondary outcomes are Barbeau's test curve change, additional time to achieve haemostasis, incidence of bleeding at the puncture site, pain severity, development of arteriovenous fistula, radial pseudo aneurysm, any access-site complication requiring vascular surgery intervention and costs between the two devices. DISCUSSION The results of this trial should provide valuable additional information on the best approach for haemostasis after transradial percutaneous cardiovascular interventions.


Resumen OBJETIVO Protocolo de ensayo clínico randomizado para evaluar la incidencia de oclusión de la arteria radial con dos dispositivos de compresión arterial después de pasar por procedimientos transradiales. MÉTODO Se realizará el test de Barbeau en adultos que están esperando una intervención transradial. Se seleccionarán aquellos con padrones pletismográficos A, B o C. Al final del procedimiento, se dividirán a los pacientes de forma aleatoria (1:1) para recibir la hemostasia patente con dispositivo TR Band™ o hemostasia convencional con vendaje elástico adhesivo. El resultado primario es la incidencia de oclusión de la arteria radial. Los resultados secundarios son la alteración de la curva del test de Barbeau, tiempo adicional para alcanzar la hemostasia, incidencia de sangrado en el local de la punción, intensidad del dolor, desarrollo de una fístula arteriovenosa, pseudoaneurisma, cualquier complicación en el lugar de acceso que necesite intervención quirúrgica vascular y costos entre ambos dispositivos. DISCUSIÓN Los resultados de este estudio deben proporcionar informaciones adicionales valiosas sobre un mejor enfoque para la hemostasia luego de intervenciones cardiovasculares percutáneas transradiales.


Resumo OBJETIVO Protocolo de ensaio clínico randomizado para avaliar a incidência de oclusão da artéria radial com dois dispositivos diferentes de compressão arterial após procedimentos transradiais. MÉTODOS O teste de Barbeau será realizado em adultos que serão submetidos a procedimentos de intervenção transradial previamente agendados. Aqueles com padrões pletismográficos A, B ou C serão selecionados. No final do procedimento, os pacientes serão distribuídos aleatoriamente (1:1) para receber hemostasia patente com dispositivo TR Band™ ou hemostasia convencional com bandagem elástica adesiva. O desfecho primário é a incidência da oclusão da artéria radial. Os desfechos secundários são alteração da curva do teste de Barbeau, tempo adicional para atingir a hemostasia, incidência de sangramento no local da punção, intensidade da dor, desenvolvimento de fístula arteriovenosa, pseudoaneurisma, qualquer complicação no local de acesso que necessite intervenção cirúrgica vascular e custos entre os dois dispositivos. DISCUSSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo devem fornecer informações adicionais valiosas sobre a melhor abordagem para a hemostasia após intervenções cardiovasculares percutâneas transradiais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization/adverse effects , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/methods , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Compression Bandages , Hemorrhage/therapy , Brazil , Oximetry , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Punctures , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/ethics , Clinical Protocols , Radial Artery/injuries , Collateral Circulation , Patient Selection , Hand/blood supply , Hemorrhage/etiology
13.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(1): 19-22, mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869389

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: presentar un caso de pseudoaneurisma de la arteria maxilar interna, complicación hemorrágica infrecuente mediata al procedimiento de osteotomía sagital mandibular. Caso clínico: El tratamiento consistió en la embolización selectiva del vaso afectado, un procedimiento menos cruento que las maniobras hemostáticas tradicionales, como la ligadura arterial a través de un abordaje cervical. Conclusión: Es posible resolver la hemorragia con un método alternativo pero seguro, que conlleva menos morbilidades asociadas a las maniobras hemostáticas clásicas.


Aim: to report a mediate rare bleeding complication tothe procedure of mandibular sagittal split osteotomy as is thepseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery is.Case report: The treatment consisted of selective embolizationof the affected vessel, which turns out to be a lessinvasive procedure than traditional hemostatic maneuverssuch as arterial ligation through a cervical approach.Conclusion: It is possible to resolve the bleeding withan alternative safe method with lower morbidity than the oneassociated with classical hemostatic maneuvers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Jaw Fixation Techniques/methods , Hemostatic Techniques/methods
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 152-155, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303896

ABSTRACT

Incidence of gastric cancer is high in China and standard radical operation is currently the main treatment for gastric cancer. Postoperative complications, especially some special complications, can directly affect the prognosis of patients, even result in the increase of mortality. But the incidences of these special complications are low, so these complications are often misdiagnosed and delayed in treatment owing to insufficient recognition of medical staff. These special complications include (1) Peterson hernia: It is an abdominal hernia developed in the space between Roux loop and transverse colon mesentery after Roux-Y reconstruction of digestive tract. Peterson hernia is rare and can quickly result in gangrenous ileus. Because of low incidence and without specific clinical symptoms, this hernia does not attract enough attention in clinical practice, so the outcome will be very serious. Once the diagnosis is made, an emergent operation must be performed immediately. Peterson space should be closed routinely in order to avoid the development of hernia. (2) Lymphatic leakage: It is also called chyle leakage. Cisterna chylus is formed by gradual concentration of extensive lymphatic net to diaphragm angle within abdominal cavity. Lymphadenectomy during operation may easily damage lymphatic net and result in leakage. The use of ultrasonic scalpel can decrease the risk of lymphatic leakage in certain degree. If lymphatic leakage is found during operation, transfixion should be performed in time. Treatment includes total parenteral nutrition, maintenance of internal environment, supplement of protein, and observation by clamp as an attempt. (3)Duodenal stump leakage: It is one of serious complications affecting the recovery and leading to death after subtotal gastrectomy. Correct management of duodenal stump during operation is one of key points of the prevention of duodenal stump leakage. Routine purse embedding of duodenal stump is recommend during operation. The key treatment of this complication is to promt diagnosis and effective hemostasis.(4) Blood supply disorder of Roux-Y intestinal loop: Main preventive principle of this complication is to pay attention to the blood supply of vascular arch in intestinal edge. (5) Anastomotic obstruction by big purse of jejunal stump: When Roux-en-Y anastomosis is performed after distal radical operation for gastric cancer, anvil is placed in the remnant stomach and anastomat from distal jejunal stump is placed to make gastrojejunal anastomosis, and the stump is closed with big purse embedding. The embedding jejunal stump may enter gastric cavity leading to internal hernia and anastomotic obstruction. We suggest that application of interruptable and interlocking suture and fixation of stump on the gastric wall can avoid the development of this complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , China , Chylous Ascites , Therapeutics , Duodenum , General Surgery , Gastrectomy , Methods , Mortality , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Gastric Stump , General Surgery , Hemostatic Techniques , Hernia , Therapeutics , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation , Jejunum , General Surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic System , Wounds and Injuries , Postoperative Complications , Classification , Diagnosis , Mortality , Prognosis , Stomach , General Surgery , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Suture Techniques , Reference Standards , Thoracic Duct , Wounds and Injuries , Wound Closure Techniques , Reference Standards
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 393-397, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317612

ABSTRACT

Surgical operation in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes is popularizing rapidly in China. Correct prevention and recognition of perioperation-related operative complications is the premise of ensuring surgical safety. Familiar complications of the operation include deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary artery embolism, anastomotic bleeding, anastomotic fistula and marginal ulcer. The prevention of deep venous thrombosis is better than treatment. The concrete measures contain physical prophylaxis (graduated compression stocking and intermittent pneumatic compression leg sleeves) and drug prophylaxis (unfractionated heparin and low molecular heparin), and the treatment is mainly thrombolysis or operative thrombectomy. The treatment of pulmonary artery embolism includes remittance of pulmonary arterial hypertension, anticoagulation, thrombolysis, operative thrombectomy, interventional therapy and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Hemorrhage is a rarely occurred but relatively serious complication after bariatric surgery. The primary cause of anastomotic bleeding after laparoscopic gastric bypass is incomplete hemostasis or weak laparoscopic repair. The common bleeding site in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is gastric stump and close to partes pylorica, and the bleeding may be induced by malformation and weak repair technique. Patients with hemodynamic instability caused by active bleeding or excessive bleeding should timely received surgical treatment. Anastomotic fistula in gastric bypass can be divided into gastrointestinal anastomotic fistula and jejunum-jejunum anastomotic fistula. The treatment of postoperative anastomotic fistula should vary with each individual, and conservative treatment or operative treatment should be adopted. Anastomotic stenosis is mainly related to the operative techniques. Stenosis after sleeve gastrectomy often occurs in gastric angle, and the treatment methods include balloon dilatation and stent implantation, and surgical treatment should be performed when necessary. Marginal ulcer after gastric bypass is a kind of peptic ulcer occurring close to small intestine mucosa in the junction point of stomach and jejunum. Ulcer will also occur in the vestige stomach after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, and the occurrence site locates mostly in the gastric antrum incisal margin. Preoperative anti-HP (helicobacter pylorus) therapy and postoperative continuous administration of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) for six months is the main means to prevent and treat marginal ulcer. For patients on whom conservative treatment is invalid, endoscopic repair or surgical repair should be considered. Different surgical procedures will generate different related operative complications. Fully understanding and effectively dealing with the complications of various surgical procedures through multidisciplinary cooperation is a guarantee for successful operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anticoagulants , Therapeutic Uses , Bariatric Surgery , Catheterization , China , Conservative Treatment , Constriction, Pathologic , Therapeutics , Digestive System Fistula , Therapeutics , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Methods , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , Gastric Stump , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , General Surgery , Hemostasis, Surgical , Methods , Hemostatic Techniques , Heparin , Therapeutic Uses , Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices , Intestine, Small , Pathology , Laparoscopy , Margins of Excision , Peptic Ulcer , Therapeutics , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Pulmonary Embolism , Therapeutics , Stents , Stockings, Compression , Thrombectomy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Venous Thrombosis , Therapeutics
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 425-431, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317607

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical epidemiology change trend of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) over the past 15 years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Consecutive patients who was diagnosed as continuous UGIB in the endoscopy center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun-Yat University during the period from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 1998 and the period from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013 were enrolled in this study. Their gender, age, etiology, ulcer classification, endoscopic treatment and hospitalization mortality were compared between two periods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In periods from 1997 to 1998 and 2012 to 2013, the detection rate of UGIB was 9.99%(928/9 287) and 4.49%(1 092/24 318)(χ=360.089, P=0.000); the percentage of male patients was 73.28%(680/928) and 72.44% (791/1 092) (χ=0.179, P=0.672), and the onset age was (47.3±16.4) years and (51.4±18.2) years (t=9.214, P=0.002) respectively. From 1997 to 1998, the first etiology of UGIB was peptic ulcer bleeding, accounting for 65.2%(605/928)[duodenal ulcer 47.8%(444/928), gastric ulcer 8.3%(77/928), stomal ulcer 2.3%(21/928), compound ulcer 6.8%(63/928)],the second was cancer bleeding(7.0%,65/928), and the third was esophageal and gastric varices bleeding (6.4%,59/928). From 2012 to 2013, peptic ulcer still was the first cause of UGIB, but the ratio obviously decreased to 52.7%(575/1092)(χ=32.467, P=0.000)[duodenal ulcer 31.9%(348/1092), gastric ulcer 9.4%(103/1092), stomal ulcer 2.8%(30/1092), compound ulcer 8.6%(94/1092)]. The decreased ratio of duodenal ulcer bleeding was the main reason (χ=53.724, P=0.000). Esophageal and gastric varices bleeding became the second cause (15.1%,165/1 092, χ=38.976, P=0.000), and cancer was the third cause (9.2%,101/1 092, χ=3.352, P=0.067). The largest increasing amplitude of the onset age was peptic ulcer bleeding [(46.2±16.7) years vs. (51.9±18.9) years, t=-5.548, P=0.000), and the greatest contribution to the amplitude was duodenal ulcer bleeding [(43.4±15.9) years vs. (48.4±19.4) years, t=-3.935, P=0.000], while the onset age of esophageal and gastric varices bleeding [(49.8±14.1) years vs. (48.8±13.9) years, t=0.458, P=0.648] and cancer [(58.4±13.4) years vs. (58.9±16.7) years, t=-0.196, P=0.845] did not change significantly. Compared with the period from 1997 to 1998, the detection rate of high risk peptic ulcer rebleeding (Forrest stage I(a, I(b, II(a and II(b) increased (χ=39.958, P=0.000) in the period from 2012 to 2013. From 1997 to 1998, 54 patients underwent endoscopic treatment, and the achievement ratio of hemostasis was 79.6% (43/54). From 2012 to 2013, 261 patients underwent endoscopic treatment and the achievement ratio of hemostasis was 96.9%(253/261), which was significantly higher (χ=23.287, P=0.000). Compared to the period from 1997 to 1998, more patients with variceal bleeding or non-variceal bleeding received endoscopic treatment in time (39.0% vs. 70.3%, χ=51.930, P=0.000; 3.6% vs. 15.6%, χ=62.292, P=0.000, respectively), and higher ratio of patients staging Forrest stage I(a to II(b also received endoscopic treatment in the period from 2012 to 2013 [27.4%(26/95) vs. 68.5%(111/162), χ=40.739, P=0.000]. More qualified endoscopic hemostatic techniques were used, containing thermocoagulation (0 vs. 15.2%, χ=79.518, P=0.000), hemostatic clip (0 vs. 55.9%, χ=20.879, P=0.000), hemostatic clip combined with thermocoagulation (4.3% vs. 16.4%, χ=5.154, P=0.023), while less single injection was used (87.1% vs. 6.2%, χ=10.420, P=0.001), and single spraying for hemostasis was completely abandoned in the period from 2012 to 2013. The ratio of inpatients undergoing reoperation decreased obviously in the period from 2012 to 2013 [9.3%(86/928) vs. 6.0%(65/1092), χ=7.970, P=0.005], while no significant difference was found in mortality during hospitalization between two periods.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with the period from 1997 to1998, the mean onset age of UGIB increased, and the ratio of peptic ulcer bleeding decreased due to the reduction of duodenal ulcer bleeding, the detection rate of high risk peptic ulcer rebleeding increased, the cure rate of endoscopic treatment for UGIB increased, more reasonable and immediate hemostatic methods were used, but overall mortality did not change obviously in the period from 2012 to 2013.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age of Onset , Electrocoagulation , Methods , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Pathology , Therapeutics , Esophagus , Pathology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Classification , Epidemiology , Mortality , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pathology , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Methods , Hemostatic Techniques , Hemostatics , Therapeutic Uses , Peptic Ulcer , Pathology , Therapeutics , Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage , Pathology , Therapeutics , Reoperation , Stomach Ulcer , Pathology , Therapeutics , Surgical Instruments , Ulcer , Epidemiology , Therapeutics
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(8): 677-686, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-797999

ABSTRACT

Jugular thrombosis in horses occurs commonly in iatrogenic situations, secondary to endotoxemic clinical condition and disseminated vascular coagulation, potentially leading to death. Thus, hemostatic evaluation becomes necessary and extremely important for monitoring the risks of systemic hypercoagulability and for the efficiency of allopathic and surgical treatment. This paper describes the hemostatic behavior in experimental jugular thrombosis of ten healthy equines, subsequently submitted to two thrombectomy techniques and receiving heparin sodium as anti-rethrombosis therapy. These animals were evaluated for 20 days by thromboelastometry (TEM), platelet count, hematocrit and fibrinogen, at four moments: pre-induction to phlebitis (D0-MPF); three days after thrombophlebitis induction (D3-MFM); 6 days after, - moment of thrombophlebitis - (D9-MT); and 54 (D16) and 126 (D19) hours after thrombectomies (PTM). Thrombectomy was performed via a Vollmar Ring (group 1, n=5) and Fogarty catheter (group 2, n=5). All the animals received heparin (150 UI/kg, SC) every 12 hours, for ten days after the respective thrombectomies. Through the blood samples were evaluated TEM, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and prothrombin time (PT), dosing of fibrinogen, hematocrit and platelet count at the abovementioned moments. For comparison between groups and moments the t test was applied at 5% significance level. No significant difference was verified between treatment groups at any of the moments. There were reductions in clotting time (CT) and clot formation time (CFT), with increase in maximum lysis (ML) until the moment D9-MT. Evaluation through INTEM® reagent presented prolongations of CT and CFT with reduction of α angle and ML starting from D16 and D19. Similarly, aPTT presented significant differences between moments pre- (D0, 3 and 9) and post- (D16 and 19) anticoagulant and surgical treatment. The platelet numbers were diminished at moments D16 and D19. In evaluation with EXTEM® reagent, prolongation of CT and CFT occurred only between the moments D0 vs. D3 and vs. D9. O PT did not present significant differences. The results obtained demonstrate that experimental jugular thrombophlebitis leads to local clinical alterations, with impairment of tissue and of the extrinsic coagulation pathway (EXTEM® ), but without evidence of systemic hypercoagulability status, since there was no increase of the alpha angle or maximum clot firmness (MCF). Furthermore, TEM was shown useful and more sensitive than conventional coagulation tests (PT, aPTT and fibrinogen) for the monitoring of anticoagulant therapy, as demonstrated in other works.(AU)


A trombose jugular nos equinos ocorre comumente em situações iatrogênicas, secundárias a quadros endotoxêmicos e a coagulação vascular disseminada, podendo levar ao óbito. Por isso, avaliação hemostática se faz necessária e de extrema importância para monitorar os riscos de hipercoagulabilidade sistêmica e também a eficiência do tratamento alopático e cirúrgico. Este trabalho descreve o comportamento hemostático na trombose jugular experimental de dez equinos hígidos, submetidos posteriormente a duas técnicas de trombectomia e recebendo heparina sódica como terapia anti retrombosante. Estes animais foram avaliados durante 20 dias por tromboelastometria (TEM), contagem de plaquetas, hematócrito e fibrinogênio, em quatro momentos: pré-indução à flebite (D0-MPF); três dias após a indução da tromboflebite (D3-MFM); 6 dias após, - momento de tromboflebite - (D9-MT); e 54 (D16) e 126 (D19) horas após as trombectomias (MPT). A trombectomia foi realizada com Anel de Vollmar (grupo 1, n=5) e cateter de Fogarty (grupo 2, n=5). Todos os animais receberam heparina (150 UI/Kg, SC) a cada 12 horas, durante dez dias após as respectivas trombectomias. Através de amostras de sangue, foram avaliadas a TEM, o tempo de tromboplastia parcial ativada (TTPa) e tempo de protrombina (TP), a dosagem de fibrinogênio, hematócrito e contagem de plaquetas nos momentos descritos acima. Para a comparação entre os grupos e momentos foi aplicado teste t, com nível de significância de 5%. Não foi verificada diferença significativa entre os grupos de tratamento em nenhum dos momentos. Houve redução do tempo de coagulação (CT) e do tempo de formação do coágulo (CFT), com aumento da lise máxima (LM) até o momento D9-MT. A avaliação com o reagente intem apresentou prolongamento do CT e do CFT e redução do ângulo α e da LM a partir do D16 e D19. Da mesma forma, o TTPa apresentou diferenças significativas entre os momentos pré (D0, 3 e 9) e pós (D16 e 19) tratamento cirúrgico e anticoagulante. Houve diminuição do número de plaquetas nos momentos D16 e D19. Na avaliação com reagente extem ocorreu apenas o prolongamento do CT e CFT entre os momentos D0 e o D3 e D9. O TP não apresentou diferenças significativas. Os resultados obtidos demonstram que a tromboflebite jugular experimental leva a alterações clínicas locais, com comprometimento tecidual e da via extrínseca da coagulação (extem), porém sem evidências de um estado sistêmico de hipercoagulabilidade, pois não houve aumento do ângulo alfa e da firmeza máxima do coágulo (MCF). Além disso, a TEM se mostrou útil e mais sensível que os testes convencionais de coagulação (TP, TTPa e fibrinogênio) para o acompanhamento da terapia anticoagulante, conforme demonstrado em outros trabalhos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Anticoagulants/analysis , Hemostatic Disorders/veterinary , Horses , Thrombophlebitis/veterinary , Thrombosis/veterinary , Catheters/veterinary , Hemostatic Techniques/veterinary , Thrombectomy/veterinary
18.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(4): 323-327, jul. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-788902

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Reportar un caso de grave fractura pélvica y sangrado masivo tratado inicialmente con packing pélvico. Caso clínico Paciente precipitado hemodinámicamente debido a varias fracturas abiertas, entre las que se incluye fractura pélvica con importante diástasis púbica. Se decide intervención quirúrgica procediendo a fijación externa de la pelvis, y posteriormente se realiza un packing extraperitoneal dado el gran hematoma extraperitoneal con sangrado en sábana. Finalmente, se practica arteriografía donde se ve sangrado arterial activo dependiente del tronco pudendo obturador y de la arteria glútea superior izquierda que se embolizan, con posterior estabilización hemodinámica. Conclusión La arteriografía puede mejorar el control de la hemorragia en los pacientes con sangrado arterial y hemodinámicamente estables, pero el packing tiene prioridad en los pacientes con fracturas de pelvis e inestabilidad hemodinámica.


Aim To report a case of severe pelvic fracture and massive bleeding initially treated with pelvic packing. Clinical case Patient who falls off a high place, hemodynamically unstable due to several open fractures including a pelvic fracture with significant pubic diastasis. It is decided to operate on the patient, proceeding to external fixation of the pelvis and performing, afterwards, an extraperitoneal packing due to the large extraperitoneal hematoma with oozing hemorrhage. Lastly an arteriography is done, where active arterial bleeding is observed localized at the obturator pudendal trunk and the left superior gluteal artery, which are embolized with hemodynamic stabilization. Conclusion Arteriography can improve hemorrhage control in hemodynamically stable patients with arterial bleeding, but packing has the priority on patients with pelvic fractures and hemodynamic instability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pelvic Bones/surgery , Hemostatic Techniques , Fractures, Bone/complications , Exsanguination/therapy , Peritoneum , Accidental Falls , Multiple Trauma , External Fixators , Emergency Treatment/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Exsanguination/etiology , Hemodynamics
19.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(4): 271-275, out.-dez. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-846617

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Dispositivos dedicados à compressão do sítio de punção radial adicionam custo ao procedimento e não foram adequadamente comparados aos curativos compressivos. Avaliamos a efetividade e a segurança de ambas as formas de hemostasia em pacientes submetidos à cinecoronariografia e/ou intervenção coronária percutânea na prática diária. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, multicêntrico e não randomizado, que incluiu pacientes consecutivamente submetidos a procedimentos por via radial. A modalidade de compressão ficou a critério do operador e da disponibilidade das pulseiras hemostáticas. O objetivo primário foi a comparação da patência da artéria radial no sétimo dia pós-procedimento, aferida por meio do Doppler. Secundariamente, avaliamos a ocorrência de hemorragia/hematoma no sítio de punção durante a compressão, após a retirada do dispositivo e no sétimo dia pós-procedimento. Resultados: Foram avaliados 528 pacientes, 416 que usaram o curativo compressivo e 112 que usaram a pulseira hemostática. Na fase da retirada do introdutor e logo após sua remoção, notou-se uma incidência maior de sangramento no grupo curativo compressivo (13,4% vs. 0%; p < 0,001). Todos os sangramentos foram pequenos (tipo I ou II) e não necessitaram medidas adicionais. Aos 7 dias, observou-se apenas formação de pequenos hematomas no sítio da punção em 7,1% dos casos que utilizaram a pulseira de compressão. Não houve diferença nas taxas de patência da artéria radial (3,8% vs. 7,1%; p = 0,20). Conclusões: O uso de pulseira dedicada à hemostasia da artéria radial não resultou em maiores taxas de patência arterial tardia quando comparada ao curativo compressivo simples


Background: Wristband devices used in the compression of the radial puncture site add cost to the procedure and have not been adequately compared with conventional compressive dressings. This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of both forms of hemostasis in patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or percutaneous coronary intervention in daily practice. Methods: A prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study, which included consecutive patients who underwent procedures through radial access. The type of compression was at the interventionist's discretion and the availability of wristband devices. The main objective was to compare the patency of the radial artery on the 7th day after the procedure, measured by Doppler. Secondarily, the authors evaluated the occurrence of bleeding/hematoma at the puncture site during compression, after removal of the device and on the 7th day after the procedure. Results: This study evaluated 528 patients, 416 using conventional compressive dressings and 112 using wristband devices. When the sheath was removed and soon after its removal, a higher incidence of bleeding in the conventional compressive dressings group was observed (13.4% vs. 0%; p < 0.001). All bleeding events were small (type I or type II) and did not require further actions. At 7 days, there were only small hematomas at the puncture site in 7.1% of cases that used the wristband device. There was no difference in the patency rates of the radial artery (3.8% vs. 7.1%; p = 0.20). Conclusions: The use of wristband devices for radial artery hemostasis did not result in higher rates of late arterial patency when compared to conventional compressive dressings


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization , Hemostatic Techniques/trends , Radial Artery/surgery , Compression Bandages/trends , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Heparin/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Angioplasty/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Hematoma , Hemorrhage/complications
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 388-390, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265609

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the improvement the dingle technology through the PICC catheter puncture point elbow hemostatic effect. Selection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2013 and December 2013, chest hospital affiliated to Shanghai jiaotong university under the guidance of ultrasound improved the Ding Gehang PICC catheter patients of 997 cases were randomly divided into three groups A, B, C, respectively, using gauze pad, calcium alginate wound dressings, calcium alginate wound dressings with hemostatic gauze pad three methods to puncture point, compare the three groups within 48 h after puncture biopsy in patients with some local bleeding, treatment times and catheter after 1 week of the maintenance costs of the catheter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with A, B two groups, patients of group C tube after 48 hours the puncture point local oppression hemostasis effect is better than that of group A and B, the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05); Catheter maintenance: group C within 1 week after catheter tube after local lowest maintenance cost.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PICC for surgery after the puncture point of oppression hemostasis method choice, the effect of calcium alginate dressings hemostatic gauze pad is better than that of gauze pads and calcium alginate dressings, calcium alginate dressings and gauze pad is more effective and economic, in clinical use.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Alginates , Bandages , Catheters , China , Glucuronic Acid , Hemorrhage , Hemostatic Techniques , Hexuronic Acids , Punctures
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