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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20231211. 81 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1519331

ABSTRACT

A regeneração óssea é um processo importante para oferecer tratamentos reconstrutivos mais rápidos e eficientes, no entanto, limitações técnicas continuam sendo um desafio, assim como a velocidade de formação e maturação óssea. Portanto, as pesquisas têm se voltado para técnicas alternativas na regeneração óssea e atualmente, a engenharia tecidual tem estudado o uso de células tronco para tratamento de perdas ósseas. A eficácia e a taxa de sucesso das diferentes técnicas e scaffolds foram avaliadas. Porém, há pouca informação sobre a eficácia combinada de carreadores xenógenos, células tronco de dentes decíduos esfoliados humano (SHEDs) e a terapia de fotobiomodulação (PBMT) na regeneração de defeitos ósseos. Baseado em estudos prévios, a proposta deste estudo foi avaliar, in vitro, a ação da PBMT, uma técnica com propriedades imunomodulatórias, angiogênicas e com capacidade de aumentar a adesão, proliferação e migração celular ao biomaterial tridimensional de osso bovino mineralizado desproteinizado com colágeno suíno a 10% (OBMDC), semeado com SHEDs, para acelerar e aumentar a taxa de formação óssea. Foi utilizado o laser de diodo, com comprimento de onda de 660nm; 40mW de potência; 3J/cm2 de densidade de energia e 2 segundos de tempo de aplicação após 24h e 72h do plaqueamento. Para avaliar a proliferação, as SHEDs foram descongeladas cultivadas, plaqueadas, semeadas no scaffold de OBMDC e divididas em 8 grupos: 1) Controle 15%; 2) Controle 5%; 3) OBMDC 15%; 4) OBMDC 5%; 5) Laser 15%; 6) Laser 5%; 7) OBMDC-L 15%; 8) OBMDC-L 5% e a análise de proliferação foi realizada por MTT. Para avaliar diferenciação celular, as amostras foram divididas em quatro grupos: 1) Grupo Controle clonogênico: SHEDs cultivadas em meio clonogênico; 2) Grupo Controle mineralizante: SHEDs cultivadas em meio mineralizante; 3) Grupo laser clonogênico: SHEDs cultivadas em meio clonogênico com aplicação de laser; 4) Grupo laser mineralizante: SHEDs cultivada em meio mineralizante com aplicação de laser. Para o grupo laser, as células foram irradiadas no período de 24h e 72h após o plaqueamento e todas as amostras fixadas para análise da formação dos depósitos de cálcio, através do ensaio de vermelho de alizarina após 23 dias de cultivo celular e os dados foram tratados estatisticamente (p0,05). Para avaliar a morfologia celular das SHEDs em todos os grupos, utilizou-se o microscópio invertido de fase em 24h e 72h após o plaqueamento. O grupo OBMDC-L 5% SFB em 72h, demonstrou maior proliferação celular que o grupo Controle (p=0.0286). O grupo laser no meio mineralizante apresentou maior formação de depósito de matriz mineralizada em comparação ao grupo controle em meio clonogênico, controle em meio mineralizante e laser em meio clonogênico (p<0,0001). Considerando as condições experimentais deste estudo, concluiu-se que, in vitro, as SHEDs, semeadas em scaffold OBMDC, proliferaram mais após 2 aplicações de PBMT e houve diferenciação osteogênica das células após 23 dias em meio mineralizante.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation , Low-Level Light Therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 316-320, Oct.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528934

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Perianal fistula is a common colorectal disease which is caused mainly by cryptoglandular disease. Although most cases are treated successfully by surgery, management of complex perianal fistulas (CPAF) remains a challenge with limited results in recurrence and sometimes associated with fecal incontinence. The CPAF treatment with autologous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) had become a research hotspot. The technique started to be used in the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) fistulas, where the studies showed safe and goods result from the procedure. Cultured ASCs have been used but this approach requires the preceding collection of adipose tissue, time for isolation of ASCs and subsequent in vitro expansion, need for laboratory facilities, and expertise in cell culturing. These factors have been getting over by using the commercially available alternative, allogenic ASCs. Treatment with allogeneic ASCs has shown good results in patients with CD fistulas, however with the disadvantage of being expensive. Objective: To show that the injection with freshly collected adipose tissue is an alternative to treatment with autologous or allogenic ASCs with several advantages. Methods: In this case report, we show our first experience in the treatment of CPAF with the application of collected adipose tissue in a tertiary referral hospital from Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Results The patient had a good postoperative recuperation with a complete fistula healing after 8 months without adverse effects. Conclusion: Injection with freshly collected adipose tissue is a promising and apparently safe sphincter-sparing technique in the treatment of CPAF. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Crohn Disease
3.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 86-99, abr. 4, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512278

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the morphology, proliferation, and differentiation of gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) irradiated with a 970 nm Diode Laser (LLLT). It is essential to validate the efficacy of treatment, optimize irradiation conditions and guarantee the safety and quality of stem cells for future use in dental applications. Materials and Methods: GMSCs were cultured in standard conditions and irradiated with a Diode laser (970 nm, 0.5W) with an energy density of 9J/cm2. Cell proliferation was assessed with the WST-1 proliferation kit. GMSCs were differentiated into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. Cell morphology was performed with Hematoxylin/eosin staining, and quantitative nuclear analysis was done. Cell viability was monitored with trypan blue testing. Results: GMSCs subjected to irradiation demonstrated a significant increase in proliferation at 72 hours compared to the non-irradiated controls (p=0.027). This indicates that the 970 nm diode laser has a stimulatory effect on the proliferation of GMSCs. LLLT-stimulated GMSCs exhibited the ability to differentiate into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. A substantial decrease in cell viability was observed 24 hours after irradiation (p=0.024). However, after 48 hours, the cell viability recovered without any significant differences. This indicates that there might be a temporary negative impact on cell viability immediately following irradiation, but the cells were able to recover and regain their viability over time. Conclusions: This study support that irradiation with a 970 nm diode laser could stimulate the proliferation of GMSCs, maintain their ability to differentiate into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages, and has minimal impact on the mor- phological characteristics of the cells. These results support the potential use of NIR Lasers in combination with GMSCs as a promising strategy for dental treatments.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la morfología, proliferación y diferenciación de las células madre mesenquimatosas (GMSC) irradiadas con un láser de diodo de 970 nm (LLLT). Es fundamental validar la eficacia del tratamiento, optimizar las condiciones de irradiación y garantizar la seguridad y calidad de las células madre para su uso futuro en aplicaciones dentales.Materiales y Métodos: Las GMSC se cultivaron en condiciones estándar y se irradiaron con un láser de diodo (970 nm, 0,5 W) con una densidad de energía de 9 J/cm2. La proliferación celular se evaluó con el kit de proliferación WST-1. Las GMSC se diferenciaron en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos. La morfología celular se realizó con tinción de hematoxilina/eosina y se realizó un análisis nuclear cuantitativo. La viabilidad celular se controló con prueba de azul de tripano. Resultados: Las GMSC sometidas a irradiación demostraron un aumento significativo en la proliferación a las 72 horas en comparación con los controles no irradiados (p=0,027). Esto indica que el láser de diodo de 970 nm tiene un efecto estimulante sobre la proliferación de GMSC. Las GMSC estimuladas con LLLT exhibieron la capacidad de diferenciarse en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos. Se observó una disminución sustancial de la viabilidad celular 24 horas después de la irradiación (p=0,024). Sin embargo, después de 48 horas, la viabilidad celular se recuperó sin diferencias significativas. Esto indica que podría haber un impacto negativo temporal en la viabilidad de las células inmediatamente después de la irradiación, pero las células pudieron recuperarse y recuperar su viabilidad con el tiempo. Conclusión: En conclusión, este estudio respalda que la irradiación con un láser de diodo de 970 nm podría estimular la proliferación de GMSC, mantener su capacidad para diferenciarse en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos y tiene un impacto mínimo en las características morfológicas de las células. Estos resultados respaldan el uso potencial de láseres NIR en combinación con GMSC como una estrategia prometedora para tratamientos dentales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/radiation effects , In Vitro Techniques , Gingiva/radiation effects
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(1): 43-48, Jan.-Mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430691

ABSTRACT

Perianal fistula is a common complication of Crohn disease, and it is a great burden on the life and psychology of patients, but its treatment is still a difficult problem to face. In recent years, progress in the treatment of Crohn disease has progressed rapidly due to the advent of biological agents, but there has been a lack of research on perianal fistula in Crohn disease, and the direction of research has been scattered; therefore, the author reviews the traditional treatment of perianal fistula in Crohn disease in the context of the available literature and discusses emerging and potential therapeutic approaches. (AU)


Subject(s)
Crohn Disease/complications , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Rectal Fistula/etiology , Oxygen/therapeutic use , Biological Therapy , Rectal Fistula/drug therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
5.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 111 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437605

ABSTRACT

O envelhecimento é um processo fisiológico que traz consigo uma série de alterações no organismo que se estendem até o nível molecular. Diante disto, este é um processo complexo que afeta diversos tecidos, sendo um deles o hematopoético, local onde, através de interações da Célula Tronco Hematopoética (CTH) com o ambiente ao seu redor, incluindo a Célula Tronco Mesenquimal (CTM), ocorre a hematopoese. Embora já sejam descritas na literatura algumas alterações na medula óssea consequentes do envelhecimento, os mecanismos por trás de tais mudanças permanecem elusivas, principalmente no âmbito das interações celulares ocorrentes na medula óssea. Portanto, este trabalho buscou investigar como o envelhecimento afeta a regulação hematopoética no contexto de sua relação com as CTM medulares. Para esta pesquisa, foram utilizados camundongos machos isogênicos da linhagem C57BL/6, dividindoos em grupos conforme sua idade: jovens (3 ­ 5 meses) e idosos (18 ­ 19 meses). Foi realizada a caracterização do modelo através de aspectos físicos como consumo proteico, variação de peso, entre outros, seguido de avaliação bioquímica e hematológica. Adicionalmente, foram coletadas células medulares e, posteriormente, realizado o isolamento das CTMs. Para estudar a relação destas células com a hematopoese, foram realizados ensaios in vitro utilizando a linhagem celular leucêmica C1498 (TIB-49™, ATCC®) mantidas em contato com o sobrenadante das CTMs isoladas. Quanto aos parâmetros bioquímicos, os animais idosos apresentaram menores níveis de albumina, aspartato alanina transferase (ALT) e de triglicerídeos quando comparados aos animais jovens. Contrariamente, os animais idosos apresentaram um maior nível de colesterol. Na avaliação hematológica, foi constatado pelo hemograma que os animais idosos apresentaram valores comparáveis aos animais jovens, todavia, o mielograma mostrou menor celularidade geral, seguido de menor número de células da linhagem eritroide e maior número de precursores granulocíticos. Através da imunofenotipagem, foi revelado um maior número de CTHs e de precursores grânulosmonocíticos na medula de animais idosos quando comparado aos jovens, e uma menor frequência de progenitores linfoides. Na imunofenotipagem de sangue periférico de animais idosos houve uma redução no número de linfócitos B e de eritrócitos, e aumento na população de células natural killers. Na imunofenotipagem de CTMs, o marcador CD73 apresentou menor expressão nos animais idosos. Avaliando o secretoma destas células estromais, foram encontrados no sobrenadante de CTMs de animais idosos aumentos significativos nas concentrações de CXCL12 e SCF e redução de IL-11. No âmbito molecular, as CTMs de animais idosos apresentaram aumento na expressão de Akt1, Nos e Ppar-γ, e redução na expressão de Csf3 e Cdh2. Adicionalmente, quando comparado a ação das CTMs de animais idosos em relação as CTMs de animais jovens, observou-se que CTMs de animais idosos foram capazes de aumentar a expressão de Sox2, Pou5f1 e Nanog e diminuir a expressão de Cdkn1a de células da linhagem C1498. O sobrenadante de CTMs de animais idosos também resultou na maior proliferação e migração de células da linhagem C1498. Portanto, levando em consideração a importância das CTMs sobre a regulação do sistema hematopoético, pode-se concluir que, no envelhecimento, as CTMs criam um ambiente propício para a proliferação celular no qual a manutenção da pluripotência é estimulada, o que pode acarretar em uma desregulação do sítio hematopoético quando habitado por células malignas


Aging is a physiological process in which occurs a series of alterations in an organism that extend to a molecular level. It is a complex process that affects various tissues, one of them being the bone marrow, wherethrough the interactions of the hematopoietic stem cell (CTH) with its surrounding environment, including with the mesenchymal stem cell (CTM), hematopoiesis takes place. Although some aging-associated alterations in the bone marrow can be found described in the literature, the mechanisms behind said changes remain elusive, especially when regarding the cellular interactions present inside the bone marrow. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate how aging affects the regulation of hematopoiesis in the context of its interactions with bone marrow-derived CTMs. For this investigation, male isogenic C57BL/6 mice were used as animal models. These were separated in two groups according to their age: young (3 ­ 5 months) and aged (18 ­ 19 months). The animal models were characterized by their physical properties such as protein intake and weight variation, followed by biochemical and hematological evaluation. Bone marrow cells were obtained and identified through immunophenotyping, thus isolating different cell populations, including the CTMs. To study the relationship between these cells and hematopoiesis, in vitro assays were conducted utilizing the leukemic cell lineage C1498 (TIB-49™, ATCC®) maintained in contact with the supernatant of isolated CTMs. By their biochemical profile, aged mice showed lower levels of albumin, alanine-aspartate transferase (ALT) and triglycerides compared to the young group. In contrast, aged mice had a higher cholesterol level. Hematological evaluation by total blood count showed similar results between the two groups, however, the myelogram revealed that the aged animals had lower cellularity, with less frequent cells from the erythroid lineage, with an increase in granulocytic precursors. Through immunophenotyping, it was also revealed that aged mice have higher numbers of hematopoietic stem cells, while also being noted a reduced population of lymphoid progenitors. An increase in the granulomonocytic progenitors was also found. Immunophenotyping peripheral blood cells of aged mice revealed reduced numbers of B lymphocytes and erythrocytes, and an increased natural killer cell population. Additionally, the cell surface marker CD73 was found to be less expressed in aged mice CTMs. The secretome of these stromal cells obtained from aged mice showed higher levels of CXCL12 and SCF, and lower levels of IL-11when compared to the young counterparts. At a molecular level, CTMs obtained from aged mice expressed more Akt1, Nos and Ppar-γ, while the expression of Csf3 and Cdh2 was reduced. Additionally, when comparing the effects of aged mice CTMs with young mice CTMs, it was observed that the first expressed were capable of increasing the expression of Sox2, Pou5f1 and Nanog, while decreasing Cdkn1a expression in the C1498 cell lineage. The supernatant obtained from aged mice also favored the proliferation and cell migration of the C1498 cell line. Thus, considering the importance that CTMs have over the hematopoietic system, we can conclude that, in aging, CTMs create a special environment which favors cell proliferation and maintenance of pluripotency, which can result in a dysregulation of the hematopoietic tissue when malignant cells are present


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Aging/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/classification , Hematopoiesis/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/classification , Hematopoietic System/abnormalities
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246592, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339408

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for application in cell therapy and tissue engineering procedures because of their plasticity and capacity to differentiate into different cell types. Given the widespread use of MSCs, it is necessary to better understand some properties related to osteogenic differentiation, particularly those linked to biomaterials used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to develop an analysis method using FT-Raman spectroscopy for the identification and quantification of biochemical components present in conditioned culture media derived from MSCs with or without induction of osteogenic differentiation. All experiments were performed between passages 3 and 5. For this analysis, MSCs were cultured on scaffolds composed of bioresorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers. MSCs (GIBCO®) were inoculated onto the pure polymers and 75:25 PHBV/PCL blend (dense and porous samples). The plate itself was used as control. The cells were maintained in DMEM (with low glucose) containing GlutaMAX® and 10% FBS at 37oC with 5% CO2 for 21 days. The conditioned culture media were collected and analyzed to probe for functional groups, as well as possible molecular variations associated with cell differentiation and metabolism. The method permitted to identify functional groups of specific molecules in the conditioned medium such as cholesterol, phosphatidylinositol, triglycerides, beta-subunit polypeptides, amide regions and hydrogen bonds of proteins, in addition to DNA expression. In the present study, FT-Raman spectroscopy exhibited limited resolution since different molecules can express similar or even the same stretching vibrations, a fact that makes analysis difficult. There were no variations in the readings between the samples studied. In conclusion, FT-Raman spectroscopy did not meet expectations under the conditions studied.


Resumo As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) possuem grande potencial para aplicação em procedimentos terapêuticos ligados a terapia celular e engenharia de tecidos, considerando-se a plasticidade e capacidade de formação em diferentes tipos celulares por elas. Dada a abrangência no emprego das MSCs, há necessidade de se compreender melhor algumas propriedades relacionadas à diferenciação osteogênica, particularmente liga à biomateriais usados em engenharia de tecidos. Este projeto objetiva o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia de análise empregando-se a FT-Raman para identificação e quantificação de componentes bioquímicos presentes em meios de cultura condicionados por MSCs, com ou sem indução à diferenciação osteogênica. Todos os experimentos foram realizados entre as passagens 3 e 5. Para essas análises, as MSCs foram cultivadas sobre arcabouços de polímeros biorreabsorvíveis de poli (hidroxibutirato-co-hidroxivalerato) (PHBV) e o poli (ε-caprolactona) (PCL). As MSCs (GIBCO®) foram inoculadas nos polímeros puros e na mistura 75:25 de PHBV / PCL (amostras densas e porosas). As células foram mantidas em DMEM (com baixa glicose) contendo GlutaMAX® e 10% de SFB a 37oC com 5% de CO2 por 21 dias. A própria placa foi usada como controle. Os meios de cultura condicionados foram coletados e analisadas em FT-Raman para sondagem de grupos funcionais, bem como possíveis variações moleculares associadas com a diferenciação e metabolismo celular. Foi possível discernir grupos funcionais de moléculas específicas no meio condicionado, como colesterol, fosfatidilinositol, triglicerídeos, forma Beta de polipeptídeos, regiões de amida e ligações de hidrogênio de proteínas, além da expressão de DNA. Na presente avaliação, a FT-Raman apresentou como uma técnica de resolução limitada, uma vez que modos vibracionais de estiramento próximos ou mesmo iguais podem ser expressos por moléculas diferente, dificultando a análise. Não houve variações nas leituras entre as amostras estudadas, concluindo-se que a FT-Raman não atendeu às expectativas nas condições estudadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Culture Media, Conditioned , Cell Proliferation , Tissue Scaffolds
7.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 6-6, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971593

ABSTRACT

The failure rate of dental implantation in patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is higher than that in non-diabetic patients. This due, in part, to the impaired function of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from the jawbone marrow of T2DM patients (DM-BMSCs), limiting implant osseointegration. RNA N6-methyladenine (m6A) is important for BMSC function and diabetes regulation. However, it remains unclear how to best regulate m6A modifications in DM-BMSCs to enhance function. Based on the "m6A site methylation stoichiometry" of m6A single nucleotide arrays, we identified 834 differential m6A-methylated genes in DM-BMSCs compared with normal-BMSCs (N-BMSCs), including 43 and 790 m6A hypermethylated and hypomethylated genes, respectively, and 1 gene containing hyper- and hypomethylated m6A sites. Differential m6A hypermethylated sites were primarily distributed in the coding sequence, while hypomethylated sites were mainly in the 3'-untranslated region. The largest and smallest proportions of m6A-methylated genes were on chromosome 1 and 21, respectively. MazF-PCR and real-time RT-PCR results for the validation of erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 like 3, activity-dependent neuroprotector homeobox (ADNP), growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), and regulator of G protein signalling 2 agree with m6A single nucleotide array results; ADNP and GDF11 mRNA expression decreased in DM-BMSCs. Furthermore, gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses suggested that most of these genes were enriched in metabolic processes. This study reveals the differential m6A sites of DM-BMSCs compared with N-BMSCs and identifies candidate target genes to enhance BMSC function and improve implantation success in T2DM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/metabolism , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Growth Differentiation Factors/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA/metabolism , RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 115-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971474

ABSTRACT

Ex vivo culture-amplified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied because of their capacity for healing tissue injury. MSC transplantation is a valid approach for promoting the repair of damaged tissues and replacement of lost cells or to safeguard surviving cells, but currently the efficiency of MSC transplantation is constrained by the extensive loss of MSCs during the short post-transplantation period. Hence, strategies to increase the efficacy of MSC treatment are urgently needed. Iron overload, reactive oxygen species deposition, and decreased antioxidant capacity suppress the proliferation and regeneration of MSCs, thereby hastening cell death. Notably, oxidative stress (OS) and deficient antioxidant defense induced by iron overload can result in ferroptosis. Ferroptosis may inhibit cell survival after MSC transplantation, thereby reducing clinical efficacy. In this review, we explore the role of ferroptosis in MSC performance. Given that little research has focused on ferroptosis in transplanted MSCs, further study is urgently needed to enhance the in vivo implantation, function, and duration of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Iron Overload/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 556-560, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986169

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs) transport and transmit intercellular information and play an essential role in physiological and pathological processes. MSC-EVs, MSC-EVs-microRNA, and genetically modified MSC-EVs are involved in the onset and progression of different liver diseases and play a role in reducing liver cell damage, promoting liver cell regeneration, inhibiting liver fibrosis, regulating liver immunity, alleviating liver oxidative stress, inhibiting liver cancer occurrence, and others. Hence, it will replace MSCs as a research hotspot for cell-free therapy. This article reviews the research progress of MSC-EVs in liver diseases and provides a new basis for cell-free therapy of clinical liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracellular Vesicles , MicroRNAs/genetics , Liver Neoplasms , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1089-1097, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hair follicles are easily accessible and contain stem cells with different developmental origins, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), that consequently reveal the potential of human hair follicle (hHF)-derived MSCs in repair and regeneration. However, the role of hHF-MSCs in Achilles tendinopathy (AT) remains unclear. The present study investigated the effects of hHF-MSCs on Achilles tendon repair in rabbits.@*METHODS@#First, we extracted and characterized hHF-MSCs. Then, a rabbit tendinopathy model was constructed to analyze the ability of hHF-MSCs to promote repair in vivo . Anatomical observation and pathological and biomechanical analyses were performed to determine the effect of hHF-MSCs on AT, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunohistochemical staining were performed to explore the molecular mechanisms through which hHF-MSCs affects AT. Furthermore, statistical analyses were performed using independent sample t test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and one-way repeated measures multivariate ANOVA as appropriate.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometry, a trilineage-induced differentiation test, confirmed that hHF-derived stem cells were derived from MSCs. The effect of hHF-MSCs on AT revealed that the Achilles tendon was anatomically healthy, as well as the maximum load carried by the Achilles tendon and hydroxyproline proteomic levels were increased. Moreover, collagen I and III were upregulated in rabbit AT treated with hHF-MSCs (compared with AT group; P  < 0.05). Analysis of the molecular mechanisms revealed that hHF-MSCs promoted collagen fiber regeneration, possibly through Tenascin-C (TNC) upregulation and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 downregulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#hHF-MSCs can be a treatment modality to promote AT repair in rabbits by upregulating collagen I and III. Further analysis revealed that treatment of AT using hHF-MSCs promoted the regeneration of collagen fiber, possibly because of upregulation of TNC and downregulation of MMP-9, thus suggesting that hHF-MSCs are more promising for AT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Hair Follicle , Achilles Tendon/pathology , Tendinopathy/pathology , Proteomics , Collagen Type I , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 691-696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980780

ABSTRACT

The scientific basis of acupuncture on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for treating ischemic stroke (IS) is discussed. MSCs transplantation has great potential for the treatment of tissue damage caused by early stage inflammatory cascade reactions of IS, but its actual transformation is limited by various factors. How to improve the homing efficiency of MSCs is the primary issue to enhance its efficacy. As such, the possible mechanisms of acupuncture and MSCs transplantation in inhibiting inflammatory cascade reactions induced by IS are explored by reviewing literature, and a hypothesis that acupuncture could promote the secretion of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) from ischemic foci to regulate SDF-1α/CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) axis, thereby improving the homing efficiency of MSCs transplantation, exerting its neuroprotective function, and improving the bed transformation ability, is proposed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Chemokine CXCL12 , Acupuncture Therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Inflammation
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 101-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971158

ABSTRACT

Since researchers have found that the conditioned medium and exosomes of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) had the biological effects equivalent to those of MSCs, MSC exosomes (MSC-Exos), the representative product of MSCs' paracrine effect, have become the research focus of the "cell-free" therapy of MSCs. However, most researchers currently use conventional culture condition to culture MSCs and then isolate exosomes for the treatment of wound or other diseases. Theoretically, the paracrine effect of MSCs is directly associated with the pathological condition of the wound (disease) microenvironment or in vitro culture condition, and their paracrine components and biological effects may be altered with the changes of the wound (disease) microenvironment or in vitro culture condition. Thus, the feasibility of using traditional culture condition to culture MSCs for exosome extraction for the treatment of different diseases without considering the actual situation of the disease to be treated needs further discussion. Therefore, the author suggests that the research of MSC-Exos should consider the microenvironment of the wound (disease) to be treated. as much as possible, otherwise the extracted MSC-Exos may not be "accurate" or may not really achieve the treatment effect of MSCs. In this article, we summarized some thoughts of the author and problems related to the researches about MSC-Exos and wound microenvironment, and hoped to discuss with researchers.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Culture Media, Conditioned , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 85-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971155

ABSTRACT

Wound healing involves complex pathophysiological mechanism, among which angiogenesis is considered as one of the key steps in wound healing, and promoting wound angiogenesis can accelerate wound healing. In recent years, mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles have been proven to produce equivalent effects of wound healing promotion comparable to stem cell therapy, with the advantages of low antigenicity and high biocompatibility. The specific mechanism by which extracellular vesicles facilitate wound healing is still not fully understood and is thought to involve all stages of wound healing. This article focuses on the possible mechanism of extracellular vesicles of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells in promoting wound angiogenesis, so as to provide ideas for further study on the mechanism of extracellular vesicles to promote wound healing.


Subject(s)
Wound Healing/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Extracellular Vesicles , Stem Cell Transplantation
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 227-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hypoxia-supported umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) on the expansion of cord blood mononuclear cell (MNC) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The isolated cord blood mononuclear cells were inoculated on the preestablished umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell layer and cultured under hypoxic conditions (3% O2) and the experimental groups were normoxia (MNCs were cultured under normoxic conditions), hypoxia (MNCs were cultured under hypoxic conditions), UC-MSC (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under normoxic conditions), and UC-MSC+hypoxia (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions). To further investigate the combinational effect of 3 factors of SCF+FL+TPO (SFT) on expansion of cord blood MNCs in vitro in hypoxia-supported UC-MSC culture system, the experiments were further divided into group A (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under normoxic conditions), group B (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions), group C (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under hypoxic conditions). The number of nucleated cells (TNC), CD34+ cell, CFU and CD34+CXCR4+, CD34+CD49d+, CD34+CD62L+ cells of each groups were detected at 0, 7, 10 and 14 days, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group hypoxia and UC-MSC, group UC-MSC+hypoxia effectively promoted the expansion of TNC, CD34+ cell and CFU, and upregulated the expression level of adhesion molecule and CxCR4 of the cord blood CD34+ cell(P<0.05). After culturing for 14 days, compared with group A and group B, group C effectively promoted the expansion of cord blood MNC at different time points(P<0.05), and the effect of group A was better than that of group B at 7 and 10 days(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia-supported UC-MSC efficiently promoted the expansion and expression of adhesion molecule and CXCR4 of cord blood CD34+ cell, and the effect of expansion could be enhanced when SFT 3 factors were added.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cells, Cultured , Fetal Blood , Cell Proliferation , Umbilical Cord/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 170-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in myeloma bone disease (MBD) and its effect on osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs.@*METHODS@#BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow of five patients with multiple myeloma (MM) (MM group) and five with iron deficiency anemia (control group) for culture and identification. The expression of PKM2 protein were compared between the two groups. The differences between osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs were assessed by using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and oil red O staining, and detecting marker genes of osteogenesis and adipogenesis. The effect of MM cell line (RPMI-8226) and BMSCs co-culture on the expression of PKM2 was explored. Functional analysis was performed to investigate the correlations of PKM2 expression of MM-derived BMSCs with osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation by employing PKM2 activator and inhibitor. The role of orlistat was explored in regulating PKM2 expression, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of MM-derived BMSCs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control, MM-originated BMSCs possessed the ability of increased adipogenic and decreased osteogenic differentiation, and higher level of PKM2 protein. Co-culture of MM cells with BMSCs markedly up-regulated the expression of PKM2 of BMSCs. Up-regulation of PKM2 expression could promote adipogenic differentiation and inhibit osteogenic differentiation of MM-derived BMSCs, while down-regulation of PKM2 showed opposite effect. Orlistat significantly promoted osteogenic differentiation in MM-derived BMSCs via inhibiting the expression of PKM2.@*CONCLUSION@#The overexpression of PKM2 can induce the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in MBD. Orlistat can promote the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via inhibiting the expression of PKM2, indicating a potential novel agent of anti-MBD therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipogenesis , Bone Diseases/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Orlistat/pharmacology , Osteogenesis/genetics
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 95-102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970678

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the effect of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes (MSCs-Exo) on staurosporine (STS)-induced chondrocyte apoptosis before and after exposure to pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) at different frequencies. The AMSCs were extracted from the epididymal fat of healthy rats before and after exposure to the PEMF at 1 mT amplitude and a frequency of 15, 45, and 75 Hz, respectively, in an incubator. MSCs-Exo was extracted and identified. Exosomes were labeled with DiO fluorescent dye, and then co-cultured with STS-induced chondrocytes for 24 h. Cellular uptake of MSC-Exo, apoptosis, and the protein and mRNA expression of aggrecan, caspase-3 and collagenⅡA in chondrocytes were observed. The study demonstrated that the exposure of 75 Hz PEMF was superior to 15 and 45 Hz PEMF in enhancing the effect of exosomes in alleviating chondrocyte apoptosis and promoting cell matrix synthesis. This study lays a foundation for the regulatory mechanism of PEMF stimulation on MSCs-Exo in inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis, and opens up a new direction for the prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Chondrocytes , Electromagnetic Fields , Exosomes/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970438

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of microRNA-22-3p (miR-22-3p) regulating the expression of Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) on the cardiomyocyte-like differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC). Methods Rat BMSC was isolated and cultured,and the third-generation BMSC was divided into a control group,a 5-azacytidine(5-AZA)group,a mimics-NC group,a miR-22-3p mimics group,a miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA group,and a miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA-KLF6 group.Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was carried out to determine the expression of miR-22-3p and KLF6 in cells.Immunofluorescence staining was employed to detect the expression of Desmin,cardiac troponin T (cTnT),and connexin 43 (Cx43).Western blotting was employed to determine the protein levels of cTnT,Cx43,Desmin,and KLF6,and flow cytometry to detect the apoptosis of BMSC.The targeting relationship between miR-22-3p and KLF6 was analyzed by dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Results Compared with the control group,5-AZA up-regulated the expression of miR-22-3p (q=7.971,P<0.001),Desmin (q=7.876,P<0.001),cTnT (q=10.272,P<0.001),and Cx43 (q=6.256,P<0.001),increased the apoptosis rate of BMSC (q=12.708,P<0.001),and down-regulated the mRNA (q=20.850,P<0.001) and protein (q=11.080,P<0.001) levels of KLF6.Compared with the 5-AZA group and the mimics-NC group,miR-22-3p mimics up-regulated the expression of miR-22-3p (q=3.591,P<0.001;q=11.650,P<0.001),Desmin (q=5.975,P<0.001;q=13.579,P<0.001),cTnT (q=7.133,P<0.001;q=17.548,P<0.001),and Cx43 (q=4.571,P=0.037;q=11.068,P<0.001),and down-regulated the mRNA (q=7.384,P<0.001;q=28.234,P<0.001) and protein (q=4.594,P=0.036;q=15.945,P<0.001) levels of KLF6.The apoptosis rate of miR-22-3p mimics group was lower than that of 5-AZA group (q=8.216,P<0.001).Compared with the miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA group,miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA-KLF6 up-regulated the mRNA(q=23.891,P<0.001) and protein(q=13.378,P<0.001)levels of KLF6,down-regulated the expression of Desmin (q=9.505,P<0.001),cTnT (q=10.985,P<0.001),and Cx43 (q=8.301,P<0.001),and increased the apoptosis rate (q=4.713,P=0.029).The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment demonstrated that KLF6 was a potential target gene of miR-22-3p. Conclusion MiR-22-3p promotes cardiomyocyte-like differentiation of BMSC by inhibiting the expression of KLF6.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Myocytes, Cardiac , Kruppel-Like Factor 6 , Connexin 43 , Desmin , Cell Differentiation , Azacitidine/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Messenger , MicroRNAs
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 194-206, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970054

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Imatinib mesylate (IM) resistance is an emerging problem for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Previous studies found that connexin 43 (Cx43) deficiency in the hematopoietic microenvironment (HM) protects minimal residual disease (MRD), but the mechanism remains unknown.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry assays were employed to compare the expression of Cx43 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in bone marrow (BM) biopsies of CML patients and healthy donors. A coculture system of K562 cells and several Cx43-modified bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) was established under IM treatment. Proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and other indicators of K562 cells in different groups were detected to investigate the function and possible mechanism of Cx43. We assessed the Ca 2+ -related pathway by Western blotting. Tumor-bearing models were also established to validate the causal role of Cx43 in reversing IM resistance.@*RESULTS@#Low levels of Cx43 in BMs were observed in CML patients, and Cx43 expression was negatively correlated with HIF-1α. We also observed that K562 cells cocultured with BMSCs transfected with adenovirus-short hairpin RNA of Cx43 (BMSCs-shCx43) had a lower apoptosis rate and that their cell cycle was blocked in G0/G1 phase, while the result was the opposite in the Cx43-overexpression setting. Cx43 mediates gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) through direct contact, and Ca 2+ is the key factor mediating the downstream apoptotic pathway. In animal experiments, mice bearing K562, and BMSCs-Cx43 had the smallest tumor volume and spleen, which was consistent with the in vitro experiments.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cx43 deficiency exists in CML patients, promoting the generation of MRD and inducing drug resistance. Enhancing Cx43 expression and GJIC function in the HM may be a novel strategy to reverse drug resistance and promote IM efficacy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Communication , Connexin 43/genetics , Gap Junctions/metabolism , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/pathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Calcium/metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 50-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969805

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells on the proliferation and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, and to analyze the contents of exosomes and explore the mechanisms affecting pancreatic cancer cells. Methods: Exosomes extracted from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were added to pancreatic cancer cells BxPC3, Panc-1 and mouse models of pancreatic cancer, respectively. The proliferative activity and invasion abilities of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells were measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays. The expressions of miRNAs in exosomes were detected by high-throughput sequencing. GO and KEGG were used to analyze the related functions and the main metabolic pathways of target genes with high expressions of miRNAs. Results: The results of CCK-8 cell proliferation assay showed that the absorbance of BxPC3 and Panc-1 cells in the hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(4.68±0.09) vs. (3.68±0.01), P<0.05; (5.20±0.20) vs. (3.45±0.17), P<0.05]. Transwell test results showed that the number of invasion cells of BxPC3 and Panc-1 in hucMSCs-exo group was significantly higher than that in the control group (129.40±6.02) vs. (89.40±4.39), P<0.05; (134.40±7.02) vs. (97.00±6.08), P<0.05. In vivo experimental results showed that the tumor volume and weight in the exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs-exo) group were significantly greater than that in the control group [(884.57±59.70) mm(3) vs. (695.09±57.81) mm(3), P<0.05; (0.94±0.21) g vs. (0.60±0.13) g, P<0.05]. High-throughput sequencing results showed that miR-148a-3p, miR-100-5p, miR-143-3p, miR-21-5p and miR-92a-3p were highly expressed. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the target genes of these miRNAs were mainly involved in the regulation of glucosaldehylation, and the main metabolic pathways were ascorbic acid and aldehyde acid metabolism, which were closely related to the development of pancreatic cancer. Conclusion: Exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells can promote the growth of pancreatic cancer cells and the mechanism is related to miRNAs that are highly expressed in exosomes.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Exosomes/genetics , Sincalide/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Umbilical Cord
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210116, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448803

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the ability of a combination dental pulp mesenchymal stem cell secretome (DPMSCS), robusta green coffee bean extract (RGCBE), and Carboxymethylcellulose-Natrium (CMC-Na) in a Wistar rats model of traumatic ulcers. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight young, male, healthy Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) were divided into seven groups randomly: Group K0, group K1-3 (traumatic ulcer rats that received CMC-Na gel for three days), group K1-7 (traumatic ulcer rats that received CMC-Na gel for seven days), group K2-3 (traumatic ulcer rats that received RGCBE for three days), group K2-7 (traumatic ulcer rats that received RGCBE for seven days), group K3-3 (traumatic ulcer rats that received DPMSCS for three days), and group K3-7 (traumatic ulcer rats that received DPMSCS for seven days). An ulcer was made with an amalgam stopper on the right buccal mucosa of the rats. DPMSCS 50% gel was applied to the ulcer on the left buccal mucosa. The ulcer diameter was measured on day 3 and day 7. Results: There was a significant difference in the diameter of the ulcer, the number of neutrophils, and fibroblasts in the treatment group compared to the control group on day 7. Conclusion: A combination of DPMSCS and RGCBE 50% accelerates traumatic ulcer wound healing by lowering ulcer diameter, decreasing neutrophil counts, and increasing fibroblast proliferation in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/pathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroblasts , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neutrophils/pathology
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