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2.
San Salvador; INS; abr. 05, 2022. 30 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1363436

ABSTRACT

La presente guía de práctica clínica es un esfuerzo realizado por profesionales del Sistema Integrado de Salud (SNIS) coordinado por el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) ante la amenaza de la COVID-19 considerada una infección potencialmente mortal causada por el virus SARS-Cov2 y que actualmente representa un desafío sanitario mundial. Por tal razón, se ha generado este documento como herramienta de apoyo a los profesionales de la salud en su práctica diaria


This clinical practice guideline is an effort carried out by professionals from the Integrated Health System (SNIS) coordinated by the National Institute of Health (INS) in the face of the threat of COVID-19, considered a life-threatening infection caused by the SARS-Cov2 virus. and that currently represents a global health challenge. For this reason, this document has been generated as a support tool for health professionals in their daily practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Patients , Practice Guidelines as Topic , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Middle Aged , Health Systems
3.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 27: 1-11, fev. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358721

ABSTRACT

This study aims to describe the development and validation of a permanent health education work-shop protocol for professional qualification in promoting adequate and healthy eating and physical activity and bodily practices for professionals working in Primary Health Care. The protocol de-velopment was based on the following theoretical references: Brazilian Dietary Guidelines, Brazil-ian Physical Activity Guidelines, Interprofessional Collaborative Practice, and Critical-Reflective Methodology (MCR); and it was proposed with 6 modules, totaling 30 hours of qualification. The protocol was evaluated in two panels of experts for content validation, which assessed aspects of clar-ity, relevance, and representativeness. The Content Validity Index (CVI), considering adequate the activities that scored CVI>0.8; and the proportion of theoretical representativeness in each activity were calculated. All 32 activities in the protocol have been validated for clarity and relevance, and the representativeness obtained results consistent with the objectives of each module. The represent-ativeness of MCR in the protocol as a whole was of 86.25%. The workshop activities protocol was evaluated as adequate for the proposed objective, considering its theoretical framework and its target audience. This is the first validated permanent education workshop to work in combination the Bra-zilian Dietary Guidelines and the Brazilian Physical Activity Guidelines, and it can be applied to the qualification of professionals in Primary Health Care throughout Brazil


O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever o desenvolvimento e validação de conteúdo de um protocolo de oficina de educação permanente em saúde para a qualificação profissional em promoção da alimentação adequada e saudável e da atividade física e práticas corporais voltado aos profissionais atuantes na Atenção Primária à Saúde. O desenvolvimento do protocolo utilizou como referenciais teóricos o Guia Alimentar para a Popu-lação Brasileira, o Guia de Atividade Física para a População Brasileira, a Prática Colaborativa Interpro-fissional e a Metodologia Crítico-Reflexiva (MCR); e foi definido com seis módulos presenciais, totalizando 30 horas de qualificação. O protocolo foi avaliado nos aspectos de clareza, pertinência e representatividade, em dois painéis de juízes para validação de conteúdo. Foram calculados o Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC), considerando adequadas as atividades que pontuaram IVC>0,8; e o percentual de representatividade dos referenciais teóricos em cada atividade. Todas as 32 atividades do protocolo foram validadas para clareza e pertinência; e a representatividade obteve resultados condizentes com os objetivos de cada módulo. A repre-sentatividade da MCR no protocolo como um todo foi de 86,25%. As atividades da oficina foram avaliadas como adequadas ao objetivo proposto, considerando seu referencial teórico e seu público-alvo. Esta é a pri-meira oficina de educação permanente em saúde validada a trabalhar em formação combinada com o Guia Alimentar e o Guia de Atividade Física para a População Brasileira, e pode ser aplicada para a qualificação de profissionais da Atenção Primária à Saúde em todo Brasil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care/methods , Exercise , Food and Nutritional Health Promotion/methods , Health Education/methods , Education, Continuing/methods , Obesity/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Diet
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927385

ABSTRACT

Based on the 28 Chinese clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion, this study summarized and analyzed the contents related to reaching consensus during the development process. The results indicated that all the 28 guidelines reported they have used consensus in the "recommendations" section, and provided details on consensus personnel, consensus methods, consensus process and consensus materials. However, it was found that the reporting of consensus was in need of further improvement. The limitations included unclear definition and responsibilities of "expert group", obscure concept between "consensus meeting" and "expert discussion", non-rigorous process of reaching consensus when generating recommendations and lacking of detailed reporting of the consensus reaching process. As such, we suggested that future researchers should conduct researches to further standardized the consensus process when developing acupuncture and moxibustion clinical practice guidelines, so as to improve the quality and clinical applicability of guidelines..


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Consensus , Moxibustion , Practice Guidelines as Topic
5.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 189 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380163

ABSTRACT

A fibrilação atrial (FA) não valvar é a arritmia cardíaca mais comum em adultos, principalmente na população idosa. Para o tratamento da FA, recomenda-se a utilização de guias de prática clínica (GPCs), que são documentos que apresentam as melhores e mais atualizadas evidências para o tratamento dos pacientes acometidos por essa arritmia. Todavia, o processo de desenvolvimento dos GPCs requer recursos humanos, financeiros e tempo. Assim, a adaptação dos referidos documentos é uma opção para reduzir a duplicação de esforços e possibilitar sua adequação para uso local. O objetivo deste trabalho foi elaborar uma matriz de recomendações farmacológicas para subsidiar o processo de adaptação de GPCs utilizados no tratamento da fibrilação atrial não valvar. Para tanto, aplicou-se o método ADAPTE: revisão sistematizada de GPCs, avaliação e seleção dos GPCs de qualidade e elaboração da matriz. Foram considerados elegíveis 26 GPCs com recomendações farmacológicas para assistência primária da fibrilação atrial não valvar em adultos, publicados em inglês, espanhol ou português no período de abril de 2014 a abril de 2019 e indexados às bases de referência: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library e em 12 bases de dados específicas. A qualidade dos GPCs, foi avaliada pela aplicação do instrumento Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluarion II (AGREE II), sendo considerados de alta qualidade aqueles que apresentaram nota igual ou superior a 60 % no domínio Rigor de desenvolvimento. Todas as etapas foram realizadas por, pelo menos, 2 avaliadores e em caso de discrepância, um terceiro avaliador participou do processo. Dos 26 GPCs avaliados apenas 7 (26,9%) foram considerados de alta qualidade. A maioria dos GPCs utiliza o escore CHA2DS2-VASc, que indica a profilaxia tromboembólica em pacientes com FA não valvar a partir da pontuação 1 (fator de risco não sexual) e sugere a anticoagulação com anticoagulantes de ação direta. Houve pouca ênfase à complexidade da profilaxia de eventos tromboembólicos em idosos. Esta matriz visa contribuir para que sejam realizadas discussões e adaptações de GPCs destinado ao tratamento da FA não valvar com ênfase nas demandas e necessidades locais


Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in adults, especially in the elderly population. For the treatment of AF, the use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is recommended, which are documents that present the best and most up-to-date evidence for the treatment of patients who are affected by this arrhythmia. However, the CPGs development process requires human, financial and time resources. However, the adaptation of documents is an option to reduce the duplication of efforts and make it possible to adapt them for any local use. The objective of this work was to elaborate a matrix of pharmacological treatment to support the process of adaptation of CPGs used in the treatment of non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Therefore, the ADAPTE method was applied: systematic review of CPGs, evaluation and selection of quality CPGs and matrix definition. Twenty-six CPGs were considered eligible with pharmacological recommendations for primary care of non-valvular atrial fibrillation valid in adults, published in English, Spanish or Portuguese from April 2014 to April 2019 and indexed to the following reference databases: MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and in 12 specific databases. The quality of the CPGs was assessed by applying the Assessment of Guidelines for Research and Assessment II (AGREE II) instrument, being considered of high those who had a grade equal to or greater than 60% in the domain Rigour of development. All steps were performed by a least 2 evaluators and in case of discrepancy, a third evaluator participated in the process. Of the 26 CPGs evaluated, only 7 (26.9%) were considered to be of high quality. Most CPGs use the CHA2DS2-VASc score, which indicates thromboembolic prophylaxis in patients with non-valvular AF from score 1 (non-sexual risk factor), and suggest anticoagulation with direct-acting anticoagulants. There was little emphasis on the complexity of prophylaxis for thromboembolic events in the elderly. This matrix aims to contribute to discussion and adaptations of CPGs for the treatment of non-valvar AF with the emphasis on local demands and needs


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Evidence-Based Medicine/classification , Disease Prevention , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Patients/classification , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , World Health Organization , Risk Factors , MEDLINE , Total Quality Management/classification , Health Services Needs and Demand/classification , Libraries/classification
6.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 21: e59856, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384529

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: a sífilis é uma doença facilmente tratável, porém, no Brasil, ainda é um problema de saúde pública. Objetivo: construir um fluxograma e um protocolo para manejo da sífilis em adultos na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: pesquisa quanti-qualitativa, desenvolvida em 2019, realizada com 42 enfermeiros da Atenção Primária à Saúde de um município no oeste catarinense. Para a etapa quantitativa aplicou-se um questionário autoaplicado, embasado nos protocolos vigentes do Ministério da Saúde. A etapa qualitativa ocorreu por meio de uma pesquisa participativa do tipo pesquisa-ação com oito dos 42 enfermeiros. Estes, em dois grupos focais, produziram coletivamente um fluxograma e um protocolo de manejo da sífilis em adultos e, posteriormente, após análise do material construído, validaram os documentos, por meio de análise de conteúdo, resultando em 100% de concordância. Resultados: os produtos construídos representam a descrição das melhores práticas profissionais a serem seguidas. O fluxograma apresenta as etapas no manejo, e o protocolo descreve as atividades que envolvem o atendimento relacionado à doença nos adultos atendidos na Atenção Primária à Saúde do município. Considerações finais: a construção do fluxograma e do protocolo atenderam as necessidades dos profissionais da saúde, na qualificação do atendimento às pessoas com sífilis no município.


RESUMEN Introducción: la sífilis es una enfermedad fácilmente tratable, sin embargo, en Brasil, todavía es un problema de salud pública. Objetivo: construir un flujograma y un protocolo para el manejo de la sífilis en adultos en la Atención Primaria de Salud. Método: investigación cuanti-cualitativa, desarrollada en 2019, realizada con 42 enfermeros de la Atención Primaria de Salud de un municipio en el oeste catarinense, Brasil. Para la etapa cuantitativa se aplicó un cuestionario autoaplicado, basado en los protocolos vigentes del Ministerio de Salud. La etapa cualitativa ocurrió por medio de una investigación del tipo acción participativa con ocho de los 42 enfermeros. Estos, en dos grupos focales, produjeron colectivamente un flujograma y un protocolo de manejo de la sífilis en adultos y, posteriormente, tras el análisis del material construido, validaron los documentos, por medio de análisis de contenido, resultando en un 100% de concordancia. Resultados: los productos construidos representan la descripción de las mejores prácticas profesionales a seguir. El flujograma presenta las etapas en el manejo, y el protocolo describe las actividades que involucran la atención relacionada con la enfermedad en los adultos atendidos en la Atención Primaria de Salud del municipio. Consideraciones finales: la construcción del flujograma y del protocolo atendieron las necesidades de los profesionales de la salud, en la calificación de la atención a las personas con sífilis en el municipio.


ABSTRACT Introduction: syphilis is an easily treatable disease, even though it is still a public health problem in Brazil. Objective: to build a flowchart and a protocol for syphilis management in adults in Primary Health Care. Method: quantitative-qualitative study of 42 Primary Health Care nurses from a municipality in western Santa Catarina performed in 2019. In the quantitative stage, a self-administered questionnaire based on the current protocols of the Ministry of Health was applied. The qualitative stage was performed through participatory action research with eight out of 42 nurses. In two focus groups, they collectively produced a flowchart and a protocol for the management of syphilis in adults. After analyzing the constructed material, they validated the documents through content analysis, resulting in 100% agreement. Results: the products built describe the best professional practices to be followed. The flowchart presents the steps in the management, and the protocol describes the activities involving the care related to the disease in adults treated in Primary Health Care of the municipality. Final considerations: the construction of the flowchart and the protocol met the needs of health professionals in the qualification of care for people with syphilis in the municipality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care/organization & administration , Syphilis/prevention & control , Clinical Protocols/standards , Professional Practice/standards , National Health Strategies , Public Health/education , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Focus Groups/methods , Validation Studies as Topic , Workflow , Health Services Needs and Demand , Nurses/organization & administration
9.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; v26(n4): 238-245, 31-12-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367640

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer a produção científica sobre as práticas de reprocessamento de materiais hospitalares. Método: Revisão integrativa, realizada em agosto e setembro de 2019 nas bases de dados da enfermagem, Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online e Scientific Electronic Library Online. Utilizaram-se descri-tores em português, espanhol e inglês, com recorte temporal de cinco anos. Os resultados foram apresentados em quadro, e o corpus de análise em catego-rias, conforme o método dedutivo. Resultados: Foram identificados 1.207 artigos e selecionados seis deles em conformidade com os critérios de elegibi-lidade. Os delineamentos mais frequentes eram estudos quantitativos, no idioma português, configurando três categorias temáticas: processo de limpeza dos produtos para saúde; acondicionamento e esterilização dos produtos para saúde; armazenamento dos produtos para saúde. Conclusão: Foram evi-denciados os principais procedimentos realizados em cada etapa do reprocessamento de materiais, que deve ser descrita em protocolos institucionais. Destaca-se a lacuna de pesquisas com nível de evidência, voltadas para o reprocessamento de produtos para saúde.


Objective: To know the scientific production on the practices for reprocessing hospital materials. Method: This is an integrative review, con-ducted in August and September 2019 in the following nursing databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature,Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, andScientific Electronic Library Online. We used descrip-tors in Portuguese, Spanish, and English, with a five-year time frame. Results were presented in a table, and the corpus for analysis in categories, according to the deductive method. Results: We retrieved 1,207 articles and selected six of them based on the eligibility criteria. The most frequent designs were quan-titative studies in Portuguese, and three thematic categories were identified: cleaning process of healthcare products; packaging and sterilization of health-care products; storage of healthcare products. Conclusions: The main procedures performed at each stage of material reprocessing were determined and should be described in institutional protocols. We highlight the lack of research on the reprocessing of healthcare products with a higher level of evidence.


Objetivo: Conocer la producción científica sobre las prácticas de reprocesamiento de materiales hospitalarios. Método: Revisión integrativa, realizada de agosto a septiembre de 2019, en bases de datos especializadas en Enfermería, Literatura Latinoamericana y Caribeña en Ciencias de la Salud, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online y Scientific Electronic Library Online. Se utilizaron descriptores en portugués, español e inglés, con un marco de tiempo de cinco años. Los resultados se presentaron en una tabla y el corpus de análisis en categorías, según el método deductivo. Resultados: Se identificaron 1.207 artículos y se seleccionaron seis de ellos, de acuerdo con los criterios de elegibilidad. Los diseños más frecuentes fueron estudios cuantitativos, en portugués, configurando tres categorías temáticas: proceso de limpieza de productos sanitarios; envasado y esterilización de productos sanitarios; almacenamiento de productos sanitarios. Conclusión: Se destacaron los principales procedimientos realizados en cada etapa del reprocesamiento del material, los cuales deben ser descritos en los protocolos institucionales. Se destaca la brecha en la investigación con nivel de evidencia, enfocada al reprocesamiento de productos sanitarios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sterilization , Equipment and Supplies , Hospitals , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Guidelines as Topic , Product Storage
10.
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1558, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373464

ABSTRACT

O ensaio, parte 1, examina como a pandemia da coronavírus disease (Covid-19)está impactando na organização e realização dos estágios curriculares dos cursos de Odontologia no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS).Aprofunda-se na problematização de contextos pré-pandêmicos e transpandêmicos, retomando o significado formativo social, profissional e pessoal que os estágios no SUS representam para o ensino/aprendizagem inserido no mundo do trabalho. Reflete sobre as reorganizações protagonizadas nas políticas profissionais e de educação em relação aos estágios, para compreender visibilidades e/ou cegueiras que nos sobrevêm diante dos complexos desafios que a situação impõe (AU).


The essay, part 1, examines how the Covid-19 pandemic is influencing the organization and implementation of curricular internships in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) for dentistry undergraduate courses. It goes into the problematization of pre-and trans-pandemic contexts, resuming the social, professional, and personal formative meaning that internships in SUS represent for teaching/learning inserted in the labor world. It reflects on the reorganizations carried out in professional and educational policies related to internships, in order to understand the visibilities and/or blindness that turn up in the face of the complex challenges imposed by the state of affairs (AU).


Subject(s)
Preceptorship , Teaching Care Integration Services , Clinical Clerkship/standards , COVID-19/transmission , Unified Health System , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Education, Dental
11.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 81-91, dic. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378586

ABSTRACT

Arterial Hypertension (HT) is one of the most widely spread chronic diseases in the world, with a suspicion in the Chilean population of 27.6%, according to the results of the 2017 National Health Survey. Reponsible for high morbidity and mortality, being, in Chile, the main risk factor related to years of life lost due to disability and premature death (DALYs). This fact has motivaded a constant publication of clinical practices guidelines and recomendations from many scientific societies in whole wide world. Hypertension represents a significant proportion of medical consultations for the primary care doctors. In fact, may be a huge challenge to get acceptable percentages of compensation in blood pressure, and mainly, to reduce morbidity and mortality in their patients. Because of this, we propose a set of questions and answers to guide the management of hypertension un primary care, based on the recommendation of the main guidelines of clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Hypertension/drug therapy , Chronic Disease/therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Combined Modality Therapy , Hypertension/therapy
12.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(5): 538-549, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345478

ABSTRACT

This article continues our presentation of the Brazilian Psychiatric Association guidelines for the management of patients with suicidal behavior, with a focus on screening, intervention, postvention, prevention, and promotion. For the development of these guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of the MEDLINE (via PubMed), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and SciELO databases for research published from 1997 to 2020. Systematic reviews, clinical trials, and cohort/observational studies on screening, intervention, and prevention in suicidal behavior were included. This project involved 14 Brazilian psychiatry professionals and 1 psychologist selected by the Psychiatric Emergencies Committee of the Brazilian Psychiatric Association for their experience and knowledge in psychiatry and psychiatric emergencies. Publications were evaluated according to the 2011 Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine (OCEBM) Levels of Evidence Classification. Eighty-five articles were reviewed (of 5,362 initially collected and 755 abstracts on the drug approach). Forms of screening, intervention, and prevention are presented. The intervention section presents evidence for psychotherapeutic and drug interventions. For the latter, it is important to remember that each medication is effective only for specific groups and should not replace treatment protocols. We maintain our recommendation for the use of universal screening plus intervention. Although the various studies differ in terms of the populations evaluated and several proposals are presented, there is already significant evidence for certain interventions. Suicidal behavior can be analyzed by evidence-based medicine protocols. Currently, the best strategy is to combine several techniques through the Safety Plan. Nevertheless, further research on the topic is needed to elucidate some approaches with particular potential for intervention and prevention. Systematic review registry number: CRD42020206517


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Suicidal Ideation , Psychiatry , Societies, Medical , Brazil , Mass Screening
13.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(5): 440-446, 01-oct-2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358081

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes en estado crítico presentan disfunción fisiológica que provoca inestabilidad en órganos y sistemas del cuerpo, con desenlaces fatales y lesiones irreversibles o incluso la muerte. En los servicios de Medicina Interna de los hospitales de México, en especial en los públicos, hay pacientes críticos con múltiples patologías que requieren vigilancia en el cumplimiento de diversas metas de su tratamiento. Se presenta un compendio de las guías y metas de patologías críticas con mayor prevalencia en los servicios de Medicina Interna, las cuales son necesarias para guiar el tratamiento.


Patients with critical illness develop physiological dysfunction which provokes multi-organ system failure and triggers fatal outcomes and irreversible injuries or even death. Inside Internal Medicine services of Mexican hospitals, especially in public hospitals, there is a considerable number of critically ill patients with multiple pathologies who require surveillance to reach clinical goals of their treatment. We present a summary of guidelines and goals of the most prevalent critical diseases inside Internal Medicine services, which are necessary to guide treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Illness , Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Internal Medicine , Pathology , Sepsis , Hepatic Insufficiency , Heart Arrest , Hospitals, Public , Mexico
14.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 169-176, jul.-sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381613

ABSTRACT

La alta prevalencia de obesidad en Chile, y su tendencia al aumento, constituye un problema de Salud Pública por su asociación con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Durante la década 2010-2020, el estado de Chile implementó estrategias de intervención nutricional dirigidas a mantener o disminuir la prevalencia de obesidad. Regulaciones como la ley 20.606 sobre composición nutricional de los alimentos y su publicidad para modificar los entornos alimentarios, sistema elige vivir sano como modelo de gestión intersectorial constituido por políticas, planes y programas elaborados y ejecutados por distintos organismos del Estado, destinados a contribuir a generar hábitos y estilos de vida saludable y a prevenir y disminuir los factores y conductas de riesgo asociados a las enfermedades no transmisibles. A pesar de todos los esfuerzos, las encuestas poblacionales han demostrado que la obesidad continúa en aumento a lo largo del ciclo vital, por lo que es necesario fortalecer las estrategias existentes, pero con enfoque de determinantes sociales y de salud en todas las políticas, y a su vez mejorar los sistemas de evaluación de las estrategias implementadas en la población, midiendo su impacto además de su ejecución.


The high prevalence of obesity in Chile, and its increasing trend, constitutes a Public Health problem due to its association with chronic non-communicable diseases. During the 2010-2020 decade, the state of Chile implemented nutritional intervention strategies aimed at maintaining or reducing the prevalence of obesity. Regulations such as Law 20.606 on the nutritional composition of food and its advertising to modify food environments, Sistema chooses to live healthy System "EVS" Choose Healthy lifestyles as an intersectoral management model made up of policies, plans and programs prepared and executed by different State agencies, intended to contribute to healthy habits and lifestyles and to prevent and reduce risk factors and behaviors associated with non-communicable diseases. Despite all efforts, population surveys have shown that obesity continues to increase throughout the life cycle, which is why it is necessary to strengthen existing strategies, but with a focus on social and health determinants in all policies, since in turn, improve the evaluation systems of the strategies implemented in the population, measuring their impact, in addition to their implementation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caloric Restriction/methods , Obesity/diet therapy , Obesity/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Nutritional Status/physiology , Prevalence , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Obesity/prevention & control
15.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e4002, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1290002

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares representan la primera causa de muerte en el mundo. El manejo de los síndromes coronarios ha avanzado formidablemente en los últimos 50 años, reduciendo el riesgo isquémico, a expensas del consiguiente aumento del riesgo hemorrágico. La Sociedad Europea de Cardiología publicó en el año 2020 la guía sobre el manejo de síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del segmento ST, donde se destacan cambios en los algoritmos de estratificación de riesgo y la terapia antiplaquetaria y anticoagulante como dos de los aspectos principales. En el presente editorial se resumen las principales novedades publicadas en este documento.


Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. The management of coronary syndromes has advanced dramatically in the last 50 years, reducing ischemic risk, but observing an increase in bleeding risk. The European Society of Cardiology published in 2020 the guideline on the management of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation, where changes in risk stratification algorithms and antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy are highlighted as two of the main aspects. This editorial summarizes the main developments published in this document.


A doença cardiovascular é a principal causa de morte em todo o mundo. O manejo das síndromes coronarianas avançou dramaticamente nos últimos 50 anos, reduzindo o risco isquêmico, mas observando um aumento no risco de sangramento. A Sociedade Europeia de Cardiologia publicou em 2020 a diretriz sobre o manejo da síndrome coronariana aguda sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST, onde as alterações nos algoritmos de estratificação de risco e na terapia antiplaquetária e anticoagulante são destacadas como dois dos principais aspectos. Este editorial resume os principais desenvolvimentos publicados neste documento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Europe
17.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 284-293, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250110

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The new American Heart Association guidelines for hypertension (HT) proposed a reduction of the diagnostic cut-off point, leading to a substantial increase in the prevalence of HT. Objectives To assess the prevalence of HT determined by the traditional criteria, the AHA criteria, and home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in a population of young adults attending a primary healthcare unit, and its association with cardiovascular risk. Methods A cross-sectional population study on adults aged from 20 to 50 years attending a primary healthcare unit, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sociodemographic and anthropometric data, cardiovascular risk factors, office blood pressure and HBPM were registered. The diagnosis of HT was defined by traditional criteria (office BP ≥ 140 x 90 mmHg) and by the new (AHA) criteria (office BP ≥ 130 x 80 mmHg). Bivariate analysis was used for comparisons between the two diagnostic criteria, and Kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement in diagnosis between office BP and HBPM. The level of significance adopted was 5% (p<0.05). Results A total of 472 individuals were evaluated (male: 39%; mean age: 38.5 ± 8.7 years). The prevalence of HT was 23.5% and raised to 41.1% with the new AHA criteria. The prevalence of HT using HBPM was 25.5%, but the diagnostic agreement was low (kappa=0.028) with changes in diagnosis in 18% of the cases. Conclusion The prevalence of HT almost doubled with the new AHA diagnostic criteria for HT. HBPM seemed to be an important instrument in HT diagnosis in this population. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Primary Health Care , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Hypertension/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Population Studies in Public Health , Arterial Pressure , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension/diagnosis
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 264-271, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250103

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) after cardiac surgery imposes a significant burden on the patient in terms of morbidity and financial hospital costs. Objective To develop a risk score model to predict prolonged MV in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods This was a historical cohort study of 4165 adult patients undergoing CABG between January 1996 and December 2016. MV for periods ≥ 12 hours was considered prolonged. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between risk predictors and prolonged MV. The variables were scored according to the odds ratio. To build the risk score, the database was randomly divided into 2 parts: development data set (2/3) with 2746 patients and internal validation data set (1/3) with 1419 patients. The final score was validated in the total database and the model's accuracy was tested by performance statistics. Significance was established at p < 0.05. Results Prolonged MV was observed in 783 (18.8%) patients. Predictors of risk were age ≥ 65 years, urgent/emergency surgery, body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiopulmonary bypass time ≥ 120 minutes. The area under the ROC curve was 0.66 (95% CI, 0.64-0.68; p<0.001), the Hosmer-Lemeshow chi-square test was χ2: 3.38 (p=0.642), and Pearson's correlation was r = 0.99 (p<0.001), indicating the model's satisfactory ability to predict the occurrence of prolonged MV. Conclusion Selected variables allowed the construction of a simplified risk score for daily practice, which may classify the patients as having low, moderate, high, and very high risk. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Myocardial Revascularization/rehabilitation , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality
19.
São Paulo; BIREME/OPAS/OMS; jun. 2021. 13 p. ilus, graf.(Nota técnica, 1).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, Redbvs | ID: biblio-1377742

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Orientar a análise e leitura técnica dos documentos para identificar Guias de Prática Clínica, seja como tipo de publicação ou descritor de assunto. Público-alvo: Profissionais da informação que atuam na indexação de documentos usando a Metodologia LILACS ou na elaboração de estratégias de busca na LILACS e nas Bibliotecas Virtuais em Saúde (BVS).


Subject(s)
Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Abstracting and Indexing/standards , LILACS/standards
20.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(2): e3596, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347410

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El clima organizacional en salud es un factor que trasciende en el desempeño profesional; asimismo un ambiente laboral y cultura de seguridad en adecuadas condiciones repercutirían en mejores prácticas sanitarias. Objetivo: Evaluar la relación y características de las variables clima organizacional y cultura de seguridad. Métodos: Investigación descriptiva, transversal, correlacional, no experimental, ejecutada entre marzo y diciembre del 2019, en el servicio de Cuidados Intermedios Neonatales del Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal, Perú. La población fue 53 enfermeros. Se emplearon los instrumentos: En Clima Organizacional, se aplicó el cuestionario del Ministerio de Salud peruano y En cultura de seguridad, se aplicó la encuesta Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture de la Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. La información fue analizada mediante la prueba de normalidad Kolmogorov-Smirnov y coeficiente correlacional Rho de Spearman. Resultados: Existe un coeficiente correlacional de 0,43 entre variables. La motivación, toma de decisiones, innovación, remuneración, liderazgo, identidad y comunicación organizacional del clima organizacional están significativamente relacionadas (p ≤ 0,05) con la cultura de seguridad. El 70 por ciento de profesionales percibe un clima organizacional no saludable; reflejado en cuatro dimensiones en proceso de avance y cuatro con bajos índices de respuesta, el 56,35 por ciento refirió una cultura de seguridad positiva con dos dimensiones en fortalezas y tres en oportunidad de mejora. Conclusiones: El clima organizacional y siete de sus dimensiones están relacionados con la cultura de seguridad en Cuidados Intermedios Neonatales. La evaluación de características supone que, pese a las debilidades del clima organizacional, entorno a la remuneración, recompensa, liderazgo e innovación, estas son compensadas por una apropiada cultura de seguridad, con un favorable aprendizaje organizacional y trabajo en equipo(AU)


Introduction: Organizational climate in health is a factor transcending professional performance. Likewise, a work environment and safety culture in adequate conditions would have repercussions in better sanitary practices. Objective: To assess the relationship and characteristics of the variables organizational climate and safety culture. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational and non-experimental research carried out, between March and December 2019, in the neonatal intermediate care service of the National Maternal-Perinatal Institute, Peru. The population was 53 nurses. The following instruments were used: Organizational Climate, from the Peruvian Ministry of Health, as well as the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. The information was analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test and Spearman's Rho correlation coefficient. Results: There is a correlational coefficient of 0.43 between variables. Motivation, decision making, innovation, remuneration, leadership, identity and organizational communication of the organizational climate are significantly related (p ≤ 0.05) with safety culture. 70 percent of the professionals perceive an unhealthy organizational climate, reflected in four dimensions in progress and other four with low response rates. 56.35 percent reported a positive safety culture with two dimensions in strengths and three in opportunity for improvement. Conclusions: Organizational climate and seven of its dimensions are related to safety culture in neonatal intermediate care. The assessment of characteristics presupposes that, despite the weaknesses of organizational climate, around remuneration, reward, leadership and innovation, these are compensated by an appropriate safety culture, with favorable organizational learning and teamwork(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Workplace , Organizational Culture , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Decision Making , Patient Safety , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic
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