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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253141, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440792

ABSTRACT

A vida universitária de mulheres mães apresenta questões que precisam ser mediadas quando comparadas com a mesma dinâmica em estudantes que não são mães. O referencial teórico da psicodinâmica do trabalho reconhece o estudar e o maternar como trabalho, pois demandam esforço cognitivo, físico e temporal com finalidade social. O objetivo deste artigo foi avaliar os danos advindos desses dois trabalhos, sobretudo, em suas dimensões física, psicológica e social, na vida de mães universitárias com filhos de até cinco anos de idade. Utilizou-se a metodologia quantitativa com ajuda da aplicação da Escala de Avaliação dos Danos Relacionados ao Trabalho (EADRT), e adaptada para o contexto estudantil e materno. A pesquisa foi respondida por 453 mães universitárias. Dessa forma, foi encontrada uma amostra heterogênea, cujas respostas apontaram para diferenças na percepção dos danos; correlações dos fatores; e associações com as variáveis sociodemográficas. Logo, discute-se a presença de danos físicos, sociais e psicológicos considerados graves para as duas atividades. No entanto, quando as mães universitárias residem com um companheiro ou têm maior renda, os danos sociais e psicológicos se mostraram menores. Com efeito, esta pesquisa ampliou o conhecimento sobre quem são as mães brasileiras na graduação e que tipo/grau de danos à saúde elas vivenciam, destacando que o acúmulo dos dois papéis acarreta níveis críticos que podem ser atenuados pelo apoio familiar e pela assistência às questões de vulnerabilidade econômica. Por fim, reforça-se a preocupação em analisar cientificamente essas realidades, servindo de embasamento para políticas públicas e estratégias futuras de intervenção.(AU)


The student life of college mothers shows complementary issues that need to be evaluated when compared with the same dynamic in students that are not mothers. The theoretical framework of the psychodynamics of work recognizes studying and mothering occupations as work activities, since they demand cognitive, physical, and temporal effort with a social purpose. The aim of this article was to assess the damage arising from these two workloads, especially, in their physical, psychological, and social dimensions, to the lives of women undergraduate students who have children up to five years old. We used a quantitative methodology with the application of the Work-Related Damage Assessment Scale (EADRT), adapted to the university and maternity context. The scale was answered by 453 college student mothers. Thus, we found a heterogeneous sample, whose answers pointed to variations in the perception of damage; correlations between factors; and connections with the socio demographic variables. Therefore, we discuss the presence of physical, social, and psychological damages considered severe for both activities. However, when the student mothers live with a partner or have a higher income, the social and psychological damage are lesser. In conclusion, this study expanded the knowledge about who are the Brazilian undergraduate student mothers and the type/degree of damages to their health they experienced, highlighting that the build-up of the two roles leads to critical levels that can be mitigated by family support and by assistance to issues concerning economic vulnerability. Finally, the importance to scientifically analyze these realities, serving as foundation for public policies and future intervention strategies, is reinforced.(AU)


La vida universitaria de madres tienen demandas diferentes que necesitan discusión en la comparación con la vida universitaria de mujeres que no son madres. El marco teórico de la psicodinámica de trabajo reconoce el papel de madre y de estudiante como trabajos, ya que para hacerlos se requiere esfuerzo cognitivo, físico y temporal, con finalidad social. El objetivo de este estudio es avaliar los daños que acompañan estos dos trabajos en sus dimensiones física, psicológica y social, en la vida de mujeres brasileñas estudiantes de grado que tienen hijos de hasta 5 años de edad. Se utilizó la metodología cuantitativa a partir de la aplicación de la Escala de Evaluación de Daños Relacionados al Trabajo (EADRT), adaptada al contexto estudiantil y de maternidad. La encuesta fue respondida por 453 madres universitarias. Como resultado, se encontró una muestra heterogénea, con diferencias entre la percepción de daños, correlaciones entre los factores y asociaciones entre los daños y variables sociodemográficas. Se discute la presencia de daños físicos, sociales y psicológicos considerados graves para los dos papeles. Sin embargo, cuando las madres universitarias viven con un compañero o tienen ingresos más grandes, los daños sociales y psicológicos son menores. Se concluye que este estudio permitió ampliar el conocimiento acerca de las madres brasileñas en el grado y qué tipo/nivel de los daños a la salud tienen, que destaca que la acumulación de los papeles genera niveles críticos que pueden ser mitigados por el apoyo familiar y asistencia en cuestiones de vulnerabilidad económica. Se destaca la preocupación por analizar científicamente las realidades de madres universitarias, sirviendo de base para políticas públicas y estrategias de intervenciones futuras.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Work , Damage Assessment , Mothers , Anxiety , Parent-Child Relations , Poverty , Prejudice , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Quality of Life , Remedial Teaching , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Responsibility , Social Sciences , Social Support , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Student Dropouts , Women's Rights , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Mainstreaming, Education , Breast Feeding , Pregnancy , Adaptation, Psychological , Single Parent , Marriage , Child Rearing , Family Characteristics , Indicators of Quality of Life , Liability, Legal , Parental Leave , Marital Status , Problem-Based Learning , Feminism , Compensation and Redress , Dizziness , Dreams , Educational Status , Emotions , Faculty , Fear , Feeding Behavior , Social Discrimination , Social Marginalization , Social Capital , Emotional Adjustment , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work-Life Balance , Memory and Learning Tests , Political Activism , Gender-Based Division of Labor , Burnout, Psychological , Economic Status , Sadness , Psychological Distress , Social Inclusion , Economic Factors , Sociodemographic Factors , Citizenship , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Guilt , Housing , Human Rights , Life Change Events , Love , Mother-Child Relations , Motivation
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e251811, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448952

ABSTRACT

Apesar da importância do envolvimento paterno, sua avaliação persiste desafiadora. No Brasil, o Inventário de Envolvimento Paterno (IFI-BR) vem se mostrando adequado para uso com pais de crianças de 5 a 10 anos. Entretanto, do ponto de vista do desenvolvimento infantil e de intervenções preventivas, seria importante avaliar o envolvimento paterno quando as crianças são mais novas. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivos: identificar limitações do IFI-BR, quando usado com pais de crianças entre 2 e 10 anos, e avaliar itens para o IFI-BR-revisado. No Estudo 1, 434 pais com filhos no Ensino Infantil ou Fundamental 1 responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico e ao IFI-BR. Com base em análises de dados omissos, estrutura interna e precisão, modificações foram sugeridas, visando à manutenção da estrutura interna original do instrumento. No Estudo 2, 572 pais com filhos na mesma faixa etária responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico e à versão modificada do IFI-BR. Foram comparadas as frequências de dados omissos e estimativas de precisão para os itens originais e modificados, selecionando aqueles que melhor representavam essa amostra de pais para compor a versão revisada do IFI-BR. Esses resultados indicaram evidências adequadas de validade, com base no conteúdo da versão revisada do IFI-BR, quando utilizada para avaliar a qualidade do envolvimento paterno de pais brasileiros com filhos do Ensino Infantil ao Fundamental 1. Após verificadas evidências de validade adicionais, essa versão revisada do IFI-BR poderá ser utilizada, por exemplo, em estudos longitudinais e na avaliação de intervenções precoces com pais.(AU)


Despite the importance assigned to father involvement, evaluating this construct remains a challenge. In Brazil, the Inventário de Envolvimento Paterno (IFI-BR) has showed satisfactory evidence of validity for fathers of children between 5 and 10 years old. From the perspective of child development and preventive interventions, however, evaluating father involvement with younger children is essential. Hence, this study sought to: identify limitations of the IFI-BR for fathers of children between 2 and 10 years old, and evaluate items for a revised IFI-BR. In Study 1, 434 fathers of children in early childhood and primary school settings answered a sociodemographic questionnaire and the IFI-BR. Based on analyses of missing data, internal structure, and reliability, modifications were suggested to maintain the original internal structure. In Study 2, 572 fathers of children in the same age range answered a sociodemographic questionnaire and the modified IFI-BR. After comparison between values for missing data and reliability of the original and modified items, the items that best represented the broader sample of fathers were selected to compose the revised IFI-BR. Results indicated adequate evidence of content validity for the revised IFI-BR when used to assess the involvement of Brazilian fathers with children in early childhood education and primary school settings. After additional evidence has been verified, this revised IFI-BR can be used, for example, in longitudinal studies and to evaluate early interventions with fathers.(AU)


La participación paterna es importante, pero su evaluación sigue siendo desafiadora. En Brasil, el Inventário de Envolvimento Paterno (IFI-BR) demuestra ser adecuado para aplicar a padres de niños de 5 a 10 años de edad. No obstante, desde la perspectiva del desarrollo infantil y de las intervenciones preventivas, sería importante evaluar la participación de los padres de niños más jóvenes. Este estudio tuvo como objetivos: identificar limitaciones del IFI-BR cuando se aplica a padres de niños entre los 2 y 10 años y evaluar ítems para el IFI-BR-revisado. En Estudio 1, 434 padres con hijos en el jardín de infantes o escuela primaria respondieron un cuestionario sociodemográfico y el IFI-BR. Con base en el análisis de datos faltantes, estructura interna y exactitud, se sugirieron modificaciones para mantener la estructura interna original del instrumento. En Estudio 2, 572 padres respondieron un cuestionario sociodemográfico y la versión modificada del IFI-BR. Se compararon las frecuencias de datos faltantes y estimaciones de exactitud para los ítems originales y modificados, seleccionando aquellos que representaban mejor a esta muestra de padres para la versión revisada del IFI-BR. Estos resultados indicaron evidencia adecuada de validez, basada en el contenido de la versión revisada del IFI-BR, cuando se utilizó para evaluar la calidad de la participación de padres brasileños con niños en el jardín de infantes y en la escuela primaria. Después de verificada la evidencia adicional de validez, la versión revisada del IFI-BR se puede utilizar, por ejemplo, en estudios longitudinales y en la evaluación de intervenciones precoz con los padres.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Paternity , Psychometrics , Family , Child Welfare , Anxiety , Paternal Behavior , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Personality Development , Aptitude , Play and Playthings , Problem Solving , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Reading , Assertiveness , School Health Services , Social Behavior , Social Justice , Social Support , Social Values , Sports , Stress, Psychological , Taboo , Teaching , Temperance , Time , Track and Field , Underachievement , Women , Women, Working , Women's Rights , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Child Custody , Single Parent , Marriage , Child, Abandoned , Child Advocacy , Child Care , Child Rearing , Mental Health , Family Health , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Parenting , Mental Competency , Family Planning Policy , Marital Status , Communication , Feminism , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Drawing , Counseling , Internet , Affect , Culture , Education, Primary and Secondary , Trust , Educational Status , Emotions , Empathy , Employee Discipline , Family Development Planning , Family Conflict , Child, Orphaned , Family Relations , Family Therapy , Father-Child Relations , Altruism , Masculinity , Social Skills , Work Performance , Work-Life Balance , School Teachers , Academic Performance , Androcentrism , Freedom , Egocentrism , Respect , Right to Work , Social Interaction , Gender Role , Sociodemographic Factors , Family Support , Family Structure , Psychological Well-Being , Working Conditions , Habits , Hostility , Human Development , Identification, Psychological , Income , Learning Disabilities , Leisure Activities , Love , Mothers , Music , Object Attachment
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255712, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529208

ABSTRACT

Com o advento da covid-19, foi declarado estado de emergência de saúde pública e decretadas medidas de isolamento e distanciamento social para conter a propagação da doença. O Conselho Federal de Psicologia, considerando a importância do acolhimento seguro durante a pandemia, publicou a Resolução CFP nº 4/2020, permitindo que serviços psicológicos aconteçam de maneira remota. O presente estudo visa, através do Método da Cartografia, apresentar a construção de um setting on-line para intervenções grupais e os desafios na oferta de acolhimento e atendimento remoto. Foram ofertados grupos terapêuticos, por meio da plataforma Google Meet, para estudantes da Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro. Um diário de bordo foi produzido para acompanhar as forças que atravessavam e constituíam o território e a experiência grupal remota. Compreendemos que o território-espaço-grupal-on-line era composto pelo espaço virtual em que nos reuníamos, pelos espaços individuais de cada integrante e pelas forças que os atravessavam. Observamos que nem sempre os participantes dispunham de um lugar privado, mas estiveram presentes no encontro com câmeras e áudios abertos e/ou fechados e/ou através do chat da videochamada. A participação no grupo funcionou como alternativa no momento de distanciamento social, sendo uma possibilidade para o atendimento psicológico em situações de dificuldade de encontros presenciais; entretanto, se mostrou dificultada em diversos momentos, pela falta de equipamentos adequados e instabilidade na internet, fatores que interferiram nas reuniões e impactaram na possibilidade de falar e escutar o que era desejado.(AU)


With the advent of COVID-19, a state of public health was declared, and measures of isolation and social distance to contain the spread of the disease was decreed. The Federal Council of Psychology, considering the importance of safe reception during the pandemic, published CFP Resolution No. 4/2020, allowing psychological services to happen remotely. This study narrates, via the Cartography Method, the experience of inventing an Online Setting for group reception. Therapeutic groups were offered, via Google Meet Platform, to students at the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro. A logbook was produced to accompany the forces that crossed and constituted the territory and the remote group experience. We understand that the territoryspace-group-online was composed by the virtual-space that we gathered, by the individualspaces of each member and by the forces that crossed them. We observed that the participants did not always have a private place, but they were present at the meeting with open and/or closed cameras and audio and/or through the video call chat. Participation in the group worked as an alternative at the time of social distancing, being a possibility for psychological care in situations of difficulty in face-to-face meetings, however, it proved to be difficult at various times, due to the lack of adequate equipment and instability on the internet, factors that interfered in meetings and impacted the possibility of speaking and listening to what was desired.(AU)


La llegada de la COVID-19 produjo un estado de emergencia de salud pública, en el que se decretaron medidas de confinamiento y distanciamiento físico para contener la propagación de la enfermedad. El Consejo Federal de Psicología, considerando la importancia de la acogida segura durante la pandemia, publicó la Resolución CFP nº 4/2020, por la que se permite la atención psicológica remota. Este estudio tiene por objetivo presentar, mediante el método de la Cartografía, la elaboración de un escenario en línea para la intervención grupal y los desafíos en la oferta de acogida y atención remota. Grupos terapéuticos se ofrecieron, en la plataforma Google Meet, a estudiantes de la Universidad Federal Rural de Río de Janeiro. Se elaboró un diario para acompañar a las fuerzas que atravesaron y constituyeron el territorio y la experiencia remota del grupo. Entendemos que el territorio-espacio-grupo-en línea estaba compuesto por el espacio-virtual que reunimos, por los espacios individuales de cada integrante y por las fuerzas que los atravesaban. Observamos que los participantes no siempre tenían un lugar privado y que estaban presentes en la reunión con cámaras y audio abiertos y/o cerrados y/o por el chat de la videollamada. La participación en el grupo funcionó como una alternativa en el momento del distanciamiento físico y revela ser una posibilidad de atención psicológica en situaciones de dificultad en los encuentros presenciales, sin embargo, se mostró difícil en varios momentos, ya sea por la falta de medios adecuados o por inestabilidad en Internet, factores que interferían en las reuniones e impactaban en la posibilidad de hablar y escuchar lo que se deseaba.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology , Attitude , Answering Services , Internet-Based Intervention , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Personal Satisfaction , Preceptorship , Professional Practice Location , Psychoanalysis , Psychology, Social , Quality of Life , Safety , Social Identification , Social Values , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Speech , Students , Teaching , Unemployment , Universities , Work , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Work Hours , Attitude to Computers , Medical Informatics Applications , Bereavement , Single Parent , Family , Catchment Area, Health , Cell Adhesion , Cell Communication , Quarantine , Communicable Disease Control , Mental Health , Life Expectancy , Universal Precautions , Infection Control , Employment, Supported , Communication , Mandatory Testing , Confidentiality , Privacy , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Psychotherapeutic Processes , Internet , Crisis Intervention , Personal Autonomy , Death , Trust , Codes of Ethics , Depression , Air Pollution , Educational Status , Disease Prevention , Centers of Connivance and Leisure , Professional Training , Faculty , Family Relations , Fear , Emotional Intelligence , Return to Work , Hope , Social Skills , Emotional Adjustment , Optimism , Healthy Lifestyle , Work-Life Balance , Mentoring , Sadness , Respect , Solidarity , Psychological Distress , Social Integration , Transtheoretical Model , Psychosocial Intervention , Listening Effort , Social Cohesion , Belonging , Cognitive Training , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Psychological Well-Being , Household Work , Humanities , Individuality , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Interpersonal Relations , Learning , Life Change Events , Motivation , Object Attachment
4.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 18(1, n. esp): 13-17, jun, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510865

ABSTRACT

El presente escrito entrecruza la ficción con la vida cotidiana, en el encuentro con lo no tradicional de las configuraciones familiares y el trabajo de tiempo completo, con jornadas laborales extensas. Ambas situaciones se encuentran e influyen mutuamente en la vida cotidiana. La serie New Amsterdam es el punto disparador para analizar las diversas circunstancias por las que atraviesan estas personas y sus familias. Familias, en este caso, diversas, constituidas por fuera de la norma pero que se ven afectadas por los mismos dilemas que atraviesan quienes planifican este proyecto. La ficción nos permite ver algo de este sentir y vivir en privado por medio de los personajes. Se toma para el análisis, al psicólogo del hospital, Iggy con su familia homoparental, y Helen, médica oncóloga, decidiendo ser madre soltera por elección. Este escrito tiene por fin tratar de comprender y empatizar con quienes, por diversos motivos, se embarcan en el camino de formar familias diversas y enfrentarse al encuentro con sus propias verdades


This document blends fiction with daily life. It includes the encounter of the non-traditional areas of the family structure and the full-time work with extensive working hours. These two merge and influence each other in daily life. New Amsterdam tv show is the trigger point to analyze the various circumstances that people and their families go through. In this case, these families are diverse, constituted outside the norm, and affected by the same dilemmas that go through those who plan this project. Fiction allows us to see some of their feelings and live through the characters privately. The subjects of this analysis are the hospital psychologist, Iggy who has a homoparental family, and Helen, the oncologist who decides by her choose to be a single mother. The intention of this paper is to try to understand and empathize with those who, for various reasons, embark on the path of forming diverse families and facing the encounter with their own truths.


Subject(s)
Humans , Family Structure , Work Hours , Single Parent , Family Relations , Fictional Works as Topic
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 256-263, Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280039

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the association between prenatal care (PNC) adequacy indexes and the low birth weigth (LBW) outcome. Methods A total of 368,093 live term singleton births in the state of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from 2015 to 2016 were investigated using data from the Brazilian Live Birth Information System (Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos, SINASC, in Portuguese). Seven PNC adequacy indexes were evaluated: four developed by Brazilian authors (Ciari Jr. et al., Coutinho et al., Takeda, and an index developed and used by the Brazilian Ministry of Health - MS) and three by authors from other countries (Kessner et al., the Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization index - APNCU, and the Graduated Prenatal Care Utilization Index - GINDEX). Adjusted odds ratios were estimated for the PNC adequacy indexes by means of multivariate logistic regression models using maternal, gestational and newborn characteristics as covariates. Results When the PNC is classified as "inadequate", the adjusted odds ratios to the LBWoutcome increase between 42% and 132%, depending on which adequacy index is evaluated. Younger (15 to 17 years old) and older (35 to 45 years old) mothers, those not married, of black or brown ethnicity, with low schooling (who did not finish Elementary School), primiparous, with preterm births, as well as female newborns had increasing odds for LBW. The models presented areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve between 80.4% and 81.0%, and sensitivity and specificity that varied, respectively, between 57.7% and 58.6% and 94.3% and 94.5%. Conclusion Considering all PNC adequacy indexes evaluated, the APNCU had the best discriminatory power and the best ability to predict the LBW outcome.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a associação entre diferentes índices de adequação do cuidado pré-natal (PN) e o desfecho de nascimentos com baixo peso (BP). Métodos Foram investigados 368.093 nascimentos ocorridos no estado do Rio de Janeiro entre 2015 e 2016, utilizando-se as informações do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc). Sete índices de adequação do cuidado PN foram avaliados: quatro propostos por autores nacionais (Ciari Jr et al., Coutinho et al., Takeda, e um índice atualmente em uso pelo Ministério da Saúde - MS), e três, por autores internacionais (Kessner et al., Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization index - APNCU, e Graduated Prenatal Care Utilization Index - GINDEX). As razões de chance ajustadas para BP foram estimadas considerando os índices de adequação do cuidado PN por meio de modelos de regressão logística, utilizando características maternas, da gravidez e do recém-nascido como variáveis de controle. Resultados As chances ajustadas para ocorrência de BP ao nascer aumentam de 42% a 132%, a depender do índice empregado, quando o cuidado PN é considerado inadequado. Mães entre 15 e 17 anos e entre 35 e 45 anos, sem companheiro, de cor parda ou preta, com ensino fundamental incompleto, e primíparas, com gestações pré-termo, além de bebês do sexo feminino são fatores de risco para os nascimentos com BP. Conclusão Entre os índices avaliados, o APNCU foi o que apresentou melhor poder discriminatório e capacidade de prever o desfecho de BP ao nascer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/standards , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Parity , Brazil , Single Parent , Regression Analysis , Maternal Age , Marital Status , Educational Status , Race Factors , Middle Aged
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e224041, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346784

ABSTRACT

Em meio a um cenário de mudanças e de maior pluralidade nas estruturas familiares brasileiras, se destaca a ascensão da família monoparental. Nos núcleos em que o pai é o responsável pela família, é necessário que o homem reorganize sua rotina e rede de apoio para oferecer cuidado, proteção e afeto aos filhos. O objetivo deste estudo é compreender de que modo os ambientes ecológicos influenciam o desenvolvimento da paternidade em famílias monoparentais masculinas. Para tanto, apresentamos o conjunto de sistemas e/ou pessoas significativas que compõem ligações sociais e afetivas de relacionamentos percebidos e recebidos pelos pais, por meio do método qualitativo e exploratório, com delineamento de estudo de casos. Participaram do estudo quatro pais (homens), com ao menos um filho de até 11 anos de idade sob sua guarda, formal ou informal, por um período mínimo de cinco meses. Como resultado, observou-se que a interação pais-filhos é multideterminada, inter-relacionada com características do contexto social, dos ambientes nos quais o pai está inserido e do pai em si. A família de origem, comunidade e babás foram referidas como apoio em situações de dificuldades encontradas pelos pais e seus filhos. A instituição escolar, principalmente em contextos de maior vulnerabilidade, mostrou-se relevante na garantia de condições que favoreciam o desenvolvimento das crianças. Os resultados do estudo demonstram a importância do incremento de programas de apoio à participação paterna na vida familiar e da consolidação da responsabilidade masculina em relação aos filhos.(AU)


Within the great societal changes and plural family structures, single-parent families stand out. In nuclei where the father is responsible for the family, men must reorganize their routine and support network to provide care, protection, and affection to the children. This qualitative, exploratory case study aimed to understand how ecological environments influence the development of paternity in families with a single father, presenting the set of systems and/or significant people that make up social and affective relationships perceived and received by them. The sample consisted of four fathers caring either formally or informally, for at least five months, for one or more children of up to 11 years. The results indicate that the father-child interaction is multi-determined and interrelated with the social and environmental contexts in which the father is inserted, as well as with the personality traits of the father himself. The fathers mentioned turning for the family of origin, community, and nannies for support in eventual difficulties encountered by them and their children. The school institution, especially in contexts of greater vulnerability, proved to be relevant in guaranteeing conditions that favored children's development. These findings indicate the relevance in increasing support programs to paternal participation in family life and in consolidating men's responsibility towards children.(AU)


En el escenario de cambios y pluralidad de familias, la familia monoparental se destaca como una estructura familiar en ascenso en Brasil. En los núcleos en que el padre es el responsable de la familia, el padre necesita reorganizar su rutina y red de apoyo para ofrecer cuidado, protección y afecto a sus hijos. Este estudio pretende comprender de qué manera los ambientes ecológicos influencian el desarrollo de la paternidad en familias monoparentales masculinas. Para ello, se presenta el conjunto de sistemas o personas significativas que componen vínculos socioafectivos de relaciones percibidas y recibidas por los padres, con la utilización del método cualitativo y exploratorio, de naturaleza de estudios de caso. Participaron en este estudio cuatro padres (hombres), con al menos un hijo de hasta 11 años de edad, bajo su custodia (formal o informal) por un período mínimo de cinco meses. Los resultados revelaron que la interacción padre-hijo es multideterminada, interrelacionada con características del contexto social y de los ambientes en los cuales el padre está inserto, además de las características personales del propio padre. La familia de origen, la comunidad y las niñeras fueron referidas como apoyo con relación a algunas dificultades que los padres y sus hijos habían enfrentado. La institución escolar, principalmente en contextos de mayor vulnerabilidad, se mostró relevante en la garantía de condiciones que favorecerán el desarrollo de los niños. Estos hallazgos posibilitan pensar en la relevancia del incremento de programas de apoyo a la participación paterna en la vida familiar y de consolidación de la responsabilidad masculina con relación a los hijos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adult , Paternity , Family , Single-Parent Family , Father-Child Relations , Fathers , Human Development , Psychology , Social Environment , Single Parent , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Parenting , Cultural Diversity
7.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 20(1): 39-53, jan.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1003115

ABSTRACT

A monoparentalidade, tradicionalmente relacionada a abandono ou viuvez, vê-se como uma opção familiar na contemporaneidade. Objetivou-se analisar a produção acadêmica acerca dessa escolha filiativa por meio de uma revisão integrativa de artigos publicados na última década nas bases de dados: Scopus, Medline, Web of science, SciELO, Lilacs, BVS e Dedalus. De 77 resultados no levantamento inicial, permaneceram 20 na seleção final. Com prevalência às pesquisas de campo qualitativas, obteve-se estudos realizados só com a população feminina e oriundos de centros economicamente desenvolvidos. Concluiu-se que, a monoparentalidade programada emerge num cenário de mudanças na organização familiar e no papel exercido pela mulher na sociedade, entre a tradição e a inovação, o empoderamento desta e a deficiência nas relações interpessoais.


Single parenthood is traditionally related to abandonment or widowhood, but contemporaneously it is observed the development of single-parent families by choice. The objective of this research was to review the academic production about the psychosocial aspects involved in this choice. An integrative review of the articles published between 2008 and 2018 was carried out in the databases: Scopus, Medline, Web of science, SciELO, Lilacs, BVS and Dedalus. The initial survey presented 77 results, remaining 20 in the final selection. With the prevalence of qualitative field researches, studies were carried out only with the female population and from economically developed centers. It is concluded that the single-parent families by choice emerge in a scenario of changes in family organization and the role played by women in society, between tradition and innovation, between women's empowerment and disability in interpersonal relationships.


La monoparentalidad está tradicionalmente relacionada con el abandono o la viudez, pero contemporáneamente se observa el desarrollo de familias monoparentales por elección. Se objetivó entonces revisar la producción académica acerca de los aspectos psicosociales que intervienen en tal opción. Se realizó una revisión integrativa de los artículos publicados entre 2006 y 2016 en las bases de datos: Scopus, Medline, Web of Science, SciELO, Lilacs, BVS y Dedalus. El levantamiento inicial presentó 77 resultados, permanecieron 20 en la selección final. Prevalecieron las investigaciones de campo cualitativo, se obtuvieron estudios realizados sólo con la población femenina y oriundos de centros económicamente desarrollados. Se concluye que la monoparentalidad por elección emerge en un escenario de cambios en la organización familiar y en el papel ejercido por la mujer en la sociedad, entre la tradición y la innovación, entre el empoderamiento de la mujer y la deficiencia en las relaciones interpersonales.


Subject(s)
Single Parent , Reproductive Techniques , Single-Parent Family , Interpersonal Relations
8.
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing ; : 116-125, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715139

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify factors affecting parenting stress of unmarried mothers. METHODS: The subjects were 108 unmarried women who were parenting their children under the age of six. The data was collected from December 15, 2016 to March 5, 2017. The instruments consisted of self-reported questionnaires that included93 items: 21 on depression, 16 on social support, 20 on health perception, and 36 on parenting stress. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression. RESULTS: The factors influencing parenting stress were health perception (β=−.55, p < .001), evaluative support (β=−.42, p=.005), informative support (β=−.35, p=.040), emotional support (β=−.24, p=.045), partner support (β=−.20, p=.048), and depression (β=.14, p=.033), and the explanatory power was 57%. CONCLUSION: In order to alleviate the parenting stress of unmarried mothers, it is necessary to develop programs considering the physical, psychological, and social factors of unmarried mothers. Their subjective assessment of their health can increase or decrease their parenting stress, so it is necessary to develop parenting-stress intervention focusing on health perception.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Depression , Illegitimacy , Parenting , Parents , Single Parent , Single Person , Stress, Psychological
9.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 177-183, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740976

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported that adolescents living with single parent have a high risk of obesity. However, those studies did not explore the implication of the gender of single parent living with adolescents. This study investigated the differences in obesity rates according to status of co-residence with their parents in Korean adolescents. The family living with single parent was classified into the family living with single father and the family living with single mother. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 59,602 adolescents who participated in the 2017 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. The data on height, weight, status of co-residence with parents, and the other variables were obtained through online questionnaires. RESULTS: In male adolescents, the family living with single mother was related to a high proportion of obesity (odds ratio [OR] 1.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09–1.40) and overweight (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.03–1.34). However, in female adolescents, the family living with single father was related to a high proportion of obesity (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.23–1.82). In addition, female adolescents living with neither parent were more likely to be obese (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.13–1.91) and overweight (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.00–1.70). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a risk of obesity in adolescents living with single parent differs according to the gender of single parent living with adolescents. Not adolescents living with a same-gender parent, but those living with an opposite-gender parent have a high risk of obesity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fathers , Korea , Mothers , Obesity , Overweight , Parents , Risk-Taking , Single Parent , Single-Parent Family
10.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 35(3): e0069, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990754

ABSTRACT

O Brasil tem um alto índice de mulheres vivendo sozinhas com seus filhos e de domicílios intergeracionais, nos quais há presença de pais e avós. A estrutura domiciliar pode influenciar o desenvolvimento infantil. Apesar de o Brasil não apresentar evidências de aborto seletivo por sexo, a preferência por gênero ainda pode estar sutilmente presente. Testamos se a corresidência com o pai, a corresidência com a avó e o nascimento de um próximo filho estão associados com o sexo das crianças no Brasil. Usando uma amostra representativa nacionalmente, foram realizadas regressões OLS, considerando o sexo do primeiro e do segundo filho como variáveis exógenas. Mulheres com filhas em menor ordem de nascimento são mais propensas a serem solteiras. Encontraram-se evidências de que as avós maternas são mais propensas a viver com netas do que com netos, o que pode amenizar as perdas econômicas da falta da presença do pai no domicílio. As mulheres com filhas em menor ordem de nascimento são mais propensas a terem filhos adicionais, sugerindo a preferência por filho homem. A literatura anterior tem um enfoque na presença do pai. Aqui inclui-se a avó para aumentar a perspectiva feminina. Estes dados contribuem para a literatura em relação à preferência pelo sexo das crianças, que se concentra na análise da figura masculina (pais); analisamos dados sobre as avós para incluir mulheres.


Brazil has a high rate of mothers living without a partner as well as a high intergenerational co-residence rate, including parents and grandparents. These family types may influence a child's well-being. Even though there is no evidence of sex-selective abortion in Brazil, sex preference could still be subtly present. This paper tests the composition of family structure (father co-residence, grandmother co-residence, and birth of siblings) in Brazil associated with the sex of the child by using a nationally representative household survey, treating sex of the first and second child as exogenous variables in OLS regressions. I found women with lower birth-order daughters are less likely to live with a partner. I also found suggestive evidence that maternal grandmothers are more likely to live with granddaughters than with grandsons. Women with lower birth-order daughters are more likely to have additional children. Evidence suggests that in Brazil, fathers show a preference for sons over daughters, while grandmothers show a preference for granddaughters over grandsons. Additionally, mothers of girls, without co-residing partners may compensate for the economic loss caused by their lack of partner by living with their own mother. This contributes to the literature on child sex preferences, which has mostly focused on males (fathers); I have analyzed data on grandmothers to include females.


Brasil tiene una alta tasa de madres viviendo solas con sus hijos y una alta tasa de corresidencia intergeneracional, con presencia de padres y abuelos. Estos dos tipos de organizaciones familiares podrían influir en el bienestar de los niños. Aunque no hay evidencia en Brasil de preferencias de en aborto selectivo con base en el género, es posible que estas preferencias se presenten de manera más sutil. En este estudio se analiza si la estructura del hogar (corresidencia con el padre, corresidencia con la abuela y el nacimiento de los siguientes hijos) en Brasil está asociada con el sexo del niño. Usando una encuesta nacionalmente representativa y considerando el sexo del primer y segundo hijo como variables exógenas se hicieron regresiones OLS. Los resultados muestran que las mujeres con hijas en menor orden de nacimiento son más propensas a ser solteras. Además se encuentra evidencia sugerente de que las abuelas maternas son más propensas a vivir con nietas que con nietos, lo que puede compensar la pérdida económica por la falta del padre de los hijos en el domicilio. Las mujeres con hijas en menor orden de nacimientos son más propensas a tener hijos adicionales, lo que sugiere la preferencia por el hijo varón. Si bien la literatura previa a este estudio se enfoca sobre la presencia del padre en el hogar, el presente trabajo incluye a la abuela para aumentar la perspectiva femenina. Estos datos contribuyen a la literatura en relación con la preferencia por el sexo de los hijos que se concentra en el análisi de la figura masculina (padres).


Subject(s)
Single Parent , Child Development , Family Characteristics , Single-Parent Family , Brazil , Family , Child Behavior , Grandparents
11.
Pensando fam ; 21(2): 45-59, dez. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-895230

ABSTRACT

As diversas conquistas das mulheres no decorrer da história e os avanços das leis sobre a adoção possibilitaram que uma mulher, sem a presença de um cônjuge, conquistasse o direito de adotar uma criança, surgindo um novo arranjo familiar. Essa revisão assistemática de literatura objetivou discutir a monoparentalidade feminina constituída através da adoção. A partir dos estudos nacionais e internacionais encontrados, os resultados apontam que as mães solteiras por escolha têm aproximadamente 30 anos, possuem elevada escolaridade e estabilidade no mercado de trabalho, e não apresentam dificuldades em trabalhar e cuidar do filho adotivo. As mães são vistas como "atípicas" e enfrentam problemas morais que envolvem o exercício da parentalidade sem um cônjuge. A ausência do cônjuge leva a uma maior proximidade com a mãe segundo os filhos. Finalmente, o apoio social, especialmente da família extensa, é esperado e necessário. Reflexões sobre a singularidade desse arranjo familiar são propostas.(AU)


The many achievements of women in the course history and the advance of the laws about adoption made it possible that a woman, without a spouse, conquered the right to adopt a child, resulting in a new family arrangement. This unsystematic review of literature aimed to discuss the female single parenthood constituted through the adoption. The national and international studies found show that single mothers by choice are approximately 30 years old, have high schooling and stability in the job market, and do not present difficulties in working and taking care of adopted child. This mothers are seen as "atypical" and face moral problems which involve the exercise of parenthood without a spouse. The absence of the spouse leads to greater proximity to the mother according to the children. Finally, social support, especially extended family, is expected and necessary. Reflections on the singularity of this family arrangement are proposed.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Single Parent , Adoption/legislation & jurisprudence , Parenting/trends , Single-Parent Family
12.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 32(4)oct.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-960500

ABSTRACT

Introducción: cuando la maternidad ocurre en la adolescencia, cobra especial importancia por sus posibles implicaciones en factores psicológicos como la autoestima, uno de los pilares fundamentales sobre el que se construye la personalidad, y uno de los más potentes predictores del grado de ajuste psicológico del individuo. Objetivo: determinar la autoestima global y materna en madres adolescentes de niños menores de un año. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal con convergencia de paradigmas cuanti-cualitativo. Se trabajó con una población de 35 madres adolescentes pertenecientes al municipio de Cumanayagua en el período septiembre de 2013 a mayo del 2014. Los datos se obtuvieron a partir de una ficha de datos sociodemográficos, el Cuestionario de autoestima materna e Inventario de autoestima Coopersmith. Los resultados fueron procesados por el paquete estadístico SPSS 15.0 para Windows, donde se utilizaron tablas de frecuencia y porcientos. Resultados: predominaron madres adolescentes de la etapa tardía con una media de edad 17,89; estudios medios superiores vencidos (80 por ciento), amas de casa (52,7 por ciento), uniones consensuales (54,3 por ciento). En la autoestima global prevaleció niveles medios y altos (media 15,09) y en la autoestima materna niveles bajos (97,1 por ciento). Conclusiones: Las madres adolescentes se caracterizaron por no presentar similitudes en los niveles de autoestima global y autoestima materna obtenidos(AU)


Introduction: When maternity happens in the adolescence, it is particularly important for its possible implications in psychological factors such as self-esteem, one of the fundamental cornerstone upon which the personality is constructed, and one of the most powerful predictor of the individual's degree of psychological adjustment. Objective: Determine global and maternal self-esteem in adolescent mothers to children under one year of age. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study with convergence of both qualitative and quantitative paradigms. We worked with a population of 35 adolescent mothers belonging to Cumanayagua Municipality in the period from September 2013 to May 2014. The data were obtained through a technical record of sociodemographic data, the Coppersmith Self-esteem Inventory and Maternal Self-esteem Questionnaire. The results were processed by the statistical package SPSS 15.0 for Windows, where frequencies and percentages charts were used. Results: Adolescent mothers of the late stage with average age of 17.89 years predominated; senior high school studies passed (80 percent), housewives (52.7 percent), consensual engagements (54.3 percent). Average and high levels of global self-esteem (mean 15.09) and low levels of maternal self-esteem (97.1 percent) predominated. Conclusions: Adolescent mother were characterized by not presenting similitudes regarding their levels of global self-esteem and maternal self-esteem obtained(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Self Concept , Single Parent/psychology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 21(3): 377-388, jul.-set. 2016.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1100384

ABSTRACT

De grande relevância às áreas comuns da psicologia e direito, o tema da Alienação Parental (AP), bem como da Síndrome de Alienação Parental (SAP), ganhou destaque nacional a partir da aprovação da lei 12.318/2010, que prevê punição para a prática alienadora e determina a atuação do psicólogo judiciário na investigação dos casos suspeitos. Contudo trata-se de assunto controverso do ponto de vista científico, sendo que, em nosso país, há grande carência por estudos. Com o objetivo de traçar um panorama nacional sobre as pesquisas na área, o presente estudo consistiu na revisão da literatura científica brasileira sobre o assunto até julho de 2015. Foram selecionados e analisados 13 artigos, sendo que nove deles são textos dissertativos e apenas quatro apresentam resultados de investigações empíricas. Infelizmente a maioria dos artigos encontrados, inclusive os estudos empíricos, não parece trazer contribuições relevantes para a área. Conclui-se que a baixa produção de estudos científicos sobre o tema prejudica o desenvolvimento conceitual e a atuação dos profissionais que trabalham com famílias em disputas judiciais.


Parental Alienation (PA) and Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) are of great relevance to the common area shared by Psychology and Law, and have gained emphasis in Brazil since the approval of Law 12.318/2010. Such law provides punishment for alienating practices and determines the role of Forensic Psychologists in the investigation of alleged cases. Nevertheless, the topic is controversial from a scientific point of view and the literature is scarce, particularly in Brazil.The present study reviewed the Brazilian scientific literature regarding PA and PAS up to July 2015. As a result, 13 articles were selected and analyzed. Nine of them were theoretical papers, and only four presented results from empirical research. Unfortunately most publications, including the empirical studies, did not seem to offer important contributions to the area. The lack of empirical research on this topic affects the area's conceptual development and professional conduct while working with families in litigation.


De gran relevancia para el área común de la psicología y del derecho, el tema de la Alienación Parental (AP) y del Síndrome de Alienación Parental (SAP) ganaron prominencia en Brasil después de la aprobación de la Ley 12.318 / 2010, que establece penas para la práctica alienante y determina el desempeño del psicólogo judicial en la investigación de casos sospechosos. Sin embargo, todavía es polémico desde un punto de vista científico, y en el país, existe una gran necesidad de estudios científicos. Con el fin de dibujar un panorama nacional de la investigación el área, el presente estudio fue revisar la literatura científica brasileña sobre el tema hasta julio de 2015. Como resultado, se seleccionaron y analizaron 13 artículos, nueve de ellos son textos argumentativos y sólo cuatro presentan resultados de investigación empírica. Lamentablemente, la mayoría de los artículos encontrados, incluidos los estudios empíricos, no parecen aportar contribuciones significativas a la zona. Se concluye que la baja producción de los estudios científicos sobre el tema socava el desarrollo conceptual y el trabajo de los profesionales que trabajan con familias en litígio.


Subject(s)
Single Parent/legislation & jurisprudence , Parenting/psychology , Family Separation , Psychology , Child Abuse, Sexual/psychology , Divorce/psychology , Child Abuse/psychology , Family Relations/psychology , Forensic Psychology , Jurisprudence
14.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 21(3): 425-436, jul.-set. 2016.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1100529

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a atuação dos pais adolescentes no intervalo entre o nascimento do filho e a fase corrente do desenvolvimento infantil. Quatro pais de crianças de três a sete anos participaram da pesquisa realizada a partir do referencial teórico-metodológico bioecológico de Bronfenbrenner. Os dados foram coletados a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas, focalizaram no transcurso do tempo: o impacto da experiência da paternidade em suas trajetórias pessoais; as mudanças e continuidades nos processos interativos; os fatores de promoção e constrangimento da participação paterna. A análise foi realizada de acordo com teoria fundamentada. As variações observadas nas possibilidades de se vivenciar a paternidade adolescente basearam-se nas interações recíprocas entre as oportunidades e restrições contextuais e as características individuais dos participantes. Os dados indicaram o afastamento dos modelos tradicionais de parentalidade, com a percepção da atuação para além do provimento, incluindo os cuidados diretos à criança e a manifestação mútua de afeto. Contudo a estabilidade da atuação revelou-se comprometida pelos fatores de constrangimento, especialmente pela separação conjugal e pela distância geográfica, que repercutiram na acessibilidade do pai e consequentemente nas oportunidades de participação. Observaram-se maior sobrecarga para a família materna e restrições nas práticas parentais, antes diversificadas, que resultaram prioritariamente em atividades sociais, relacionadas a passeios e entretenimento. Atestou-se que uma boa participação inicial não se mostrou garantia de estabilidade, pois tanto pessoas quanto os contextos se modificam no transcurso do tempo. Mesmo diante das restrições, o interesse e o envolvimento paternos foram mantidos.


The objective of this study was to investigate the performance of teenage parents in the interval between birth and the current stage of infant development. Four parents of children 3-7 years participated in the survey, from a qualitative approach, with data collected from semi-structured interviews, focusing on: the impact of parenthood experience in their personal development; changes and continuities in interactive processes; promotional factors and embarrassment of parental participation in the course of time. The theoretical framework adopted was the Bioecological model Bronfenbrenner and analyzed according to the Grounded Theory. The changes in possibilities of experiencing teenage parenthood were based on reciprocal interactions between contextual opportunities and constraints and the individual characteristics of the participants. The data indicated the move away from traditional models of parenting, expanding operations beyond the provision, including direct care to the child and mutual demonstration of affection. However, the stability of performance has proved compromised by constraining factors, especially the marital separation and the geographical distance, reflecting on his father's accessibility and consequently the opportunities to participate. There was a greater burden on the mother's family and changes in parenting practices, restricting the parental role before the diverse social activities related to sightseeing and entertainment. If testified that a good initial interest was not guarantee of stability, because both people and the contexts are modified in the course of time. Even with the restrictions, interest and parental involvement were kept.


El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la actuación de los padres adolescentes en el intervalo entre el nacimiento y la fase actual de desarrollo infantil. Cuatro padres de niños de 3 a 7 años participaron de la encuesta donde el marco teóricoadoptado fue el Modelo Bioecológico del Desarrollo Humano de Bronfenbrenner. Los datos se obtuvieron por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas, centrándose en: el impacto de la experiencia de la paternidad en sus trayectorias personales; los cambios y continuidades en los procesos interactivos; los factores de promoción y la vergüenza de la participación de los padres en el transcurso del tiempo. El análisis se realizó de acuerdo con la teoría fundamentada. Las variaciones observadas en las distintas posibilidades de experimentar la paternidad adolescente se basaron en las interacciones recíprocas entre las oportunidades y limitaciones contextuales y las características individuales de los participantes. Los datos indicaron que el alejamiento de los modelos tradicionales de parental, alargando la actuación para allá del proveer, incluyendo los cuidados directos a los niños y la manifestación de afecto mutuo. Sin embargo, la estabilidad de la actuación resultó comprometida por factores de constreñimiento, enespecial la separación matrimonial y la distancia geográfica, lo que ha repercutido en la accesibilidad de su padre y, en consecuencia, las oportunidades de participación. Hubo una mayor carga para la familia de la madre y los cambios en las prácticas parentales, lo que restringe la actuación de los padres, antes (diversificada) a actividades sociales relacionadas con paseos y entretenimiento. Si testificó que una buena participación inicial no se mostró garantía de la estabilidad, ya que tanto las personas como los contextos se modifican en el transcurso del tiempo. Incluso con las restricciones, el interés y participación de los padres se mantuvieron.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Paternity , Adolescent Development , Father-Child Relations , Pregnancy in Adolescence/psychology , Single Parent/psychology , Child Development , Parenting/psychology , Single-Parent Family/psychology , Family Separation , Embarrassment , Human Development
15.
Poiésis (En línea) ; 31(Jul.-Dic): 306-313, 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1006152

ABSTRACT

¿Qué es ser mujer? ¿Cómo responder a esta pregunta sin recurrir a las concepciones culturales y a los roles más relevantes que históricamente ésta desempeña? Considerando lo complejo que puede ser sobrepasar los constructos sociales, principalmente aquellos relacionados con la maternidad, estos interrogantes son la motivación para reflexionar sobre la posibilidad de definir a la mujer desde la diversidad de expresiones que incluye la identidad femenina.


What is it to be a woman? How to answer this question without resorting to the most important cultural conceptions and roles that historically it plays? Considering how complex it can be to overcome social constructs, mainly those related to motherhood, these questions are the motivation to reflect on the possibility of defining women from the diversity of expressions that include female identity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gender Identity , Women/psychology , Single Parent , Parenting/psychology , Pregnant Women/psychology
16.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 145-151, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285534

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>Previous research has shown single mothers to be at greater risk for both physical and mental health disorders as compared to married mothers. Psychiatric disorders, in particular depression, have been shown to be more prevalent in single mothers than married mothers. This study was aimed at comparing the prevalence of depression, other mood, and anxiety disorders in single and married mothers in a multiethnic Asian society.</p><p><b>MATERIALS AND METHODS</b>The Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS) was a cross-sectional survey of the representative population of Singapore. The survey targeted Singapore residents aged 18 years and above. Trained interviewers established the diagnoses of mental disorders using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0). Physical illnesses, social support and sociodemographic correlates were established using structured interviews. For the purpose of this study, single mothers were defined as unmarried, divorced/separated/widowed mothers who had children aged 21 years and below.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Face-to-face interviews were completed with 6616 respondents from December 2009 to December 2010. After controlling for sociodemographic correlates in multiple logistic regression model, single mothers had significantly higher odds of having mood disorders (OR = 5.28) as compared to married mothers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our study found that single mothers in Singapore across ethnicities, experienced a higher risk for mood disorders as elsewhere in the world. Single motherhood was also associated with lower age and education. Our study identifies young, single mothers as a vulnerable group associated with mental illnesses that must be targeted with specific interventions to improve mental health and well-being.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Epidemiology , Mood Disorders , Epidemiology , Mothers , Psychology , Prevalence , Risk , Risk Assessment , Singapore , Single Parent , Psychology , Social Support , Socioeconomic Factors
17.
JPPS-Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society. 2012; 9 (1): 10-14
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-132516

ABSTRACT

To explore the relationship of single parenting with depression, stress and anxiety among parents, and also whether it contributes to behavior problems among children of these families. Between subjects study design. This study was conducted at department of Behavioral sciences Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from February 2011 to July 2011. The sample consisted of 63 parents of school children including 33 single parents and 30 from two-parent families as comparison group. Instruments included demographic information form, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale [DASS], and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire [SDQ] for childhood behavior problems. t-test assessed for difference between mean scores. Pearson correlation was used to see the relationship between DASS scores and SDQ. Single parents had higher mean scores on subscales of Depression, Anxiety and Stress from comparison group. The statistically significant difference was observed for childhood behavior problems among both groups as assessed by SDQ. The Pearson correlation coefficient between scores of SDQ and DASS is also not significant. Single parenting might be related to higher degrees of stress, depression and anxiety among parents, and can contribute to the childhood behavior problems in present sample


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child Behavior , Parents , Single Parent , Depression , Stress, Psychological , Anxiety
18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology ; : 127-133, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114415

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The number of teenage pregnancy is increasing on these days due to changes in sexual awareness, precocious puberty, lack of proper sex education and abortion restrictions. We evaluated the clinical features including the rate and perinatal complications of mother and neonates caused by teenage births. METHODS: Subjects were mothers whose ages were below 19 at time of admission in Wonkwang University Hospital from January 2000 to July 2011. We reviewed the medical records of teenage mothers and her neonates retrospectively, and investigated the differences between above and below the age of 16. RESULTS: The number of neonates of teenaged mothers was 73, which is 10.4 per 1,000 births and it showed an upward trend during the late decade of 2,000's. 14 (19.2%) of the mothers were multiparous, and 69 (94.5%) unmarried, 25 (34.2%) no prenatal examinations, 11 (15.1%) an abortion history, 47 (64.4%) middle or high school students, and 25 (34.2%) a single parent. Among the maternal complications, premature birth was the most prevalent with 34 cases (46.6%), followed by 11 (4.1%) of premature rupture of membrane. The most common neonatal complication was prematurity in 37 cases (50.7%), followed by 30 (41.1%) low birth weight, 19 (26%) ICU admission. There were no significant differences between above and below the age of 16 in neonatal and obstetrical complications. CONCLUSION: The number of teenage pregnancy is increasing recently, and they had a high prevalence rate of prematurity, low birth weight and respiratory distress syndrome. And, the grouping by age of above and below 16 was no affect the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Abortion, Induced , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Medical Records , Membranes , Mothers , Parturition , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Premature Birth , Prevalence , Prognosis , Puberty, Precocious , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Sex Education , Single Parent , Single Person
19.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 422-429, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100442

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify mental health of parents in single parent families according to sociodemographic variables and then to identify analyzed sociodemographic factors affecting their mental health. METHODS: The study participants included 291 parents in single parent families registered at Yangcheon-gu. They accomplished a self-report questionnaire, which included sociodemographic characteristics and self-rating scales ; Global Assessment of Recent Stress (GARS), The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D), Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI-Beck), and The Korean Version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT-K). First, we identified mental health of parents in single parent families according to sociodemographic variables by independent T test or ANOVA. Second, ANCOVA was used for determination of sociodemographic variables affecting mental health of parents in single parent families after adjusting other significant sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: Among sociodemographic variables, structure of family, age, occupation, type of residence, and monthly income had a significant effect on mental health of parents in single parent families. In families with an unmarried mother and unemployed, scores for GARS, CES-D, SSI-Beck, and AUDIT-K were significantly higher, while these scores were significantly lower in subjects whose monthly income was over 3 million won. CONCLUSION: Results of this study demonstrate that parents in single parent families were vulnerable to mental health problems, especially unmarried mothers, families, and unemployed. We should try to provide practical support in order to reduce social burden and provide earlier psychological interventions in order to reduce distress for single parent families.


Subject(s)
Humans , Illegitimacy , Mental Health , Occupations , Parents , Surveys and Questionnaires , Single Parent , Single-Parent Family , Suicidal Ideation , Weights and Measures
20.
Bahria Journal of Professional Psychology. 2010; 8: 3-18
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129266

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present research was to find out the risk factor of behavioral problems among Pakistani adolescents, living in single parenthood. It was hypothesized, that the adolescents of single parent due to lack of physical presence, separation, divorce, and death would have more behavioral problems as compared to adolescents living with both parents group. The sample of the research consists of 240 adolescents, 120 males and 120 females, ranging from 12 to 17 years of age. Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire [SDQ] and, a short Demographic Information Form [DIF] were used to asses behavioral problems. For the statistical application, analysis of variance [ANOVA] was applied to determine the difference between the various sub-categories of "sample". The results showed significant differences in the behavioral problems among adolescents living with four sub-categories of single parent groups and both parents


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Behavior , Risk Factors , Adolescent , Single Parent , Surveys and Questionnaires
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