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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-979187

RESUMO

Background Excessive intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is harmful to health. In recent decades, the consumption of SSBs by Chinese residents has increased rapidly, increasing the risk of death and burden of disease. Objective To analyze the knowledge level and influencing factors of SSBs for Chinese residents aged 18-64 years in 2021. Methods A multi-stage cluster random sampling approach was used to conduct a questionnaire survey among residents aged 18-64 years in 302 survey sites across the country in 2021, and 98567 valid questionnaires were obtained. Four questions are about SSBs among the questionnaire's 5 dimensions. Respondents who answered 3 or more questions correctly were considered to have a basic understanding of SSBs. Frequency and weighted proportion were used for description. With individual as level 1 and resident council (village council) as level 2, a two-level logistic regression model was applied to examine the influencing factors. A null model was used to determine whether the two-level logistic regression model was appropriate. Results The knowledge awareness rate of SSBs was 57.0% among the Chinese residents aged 18-64 years in 2021. The knowledge point with the lowest correct rate was "It is best to consume no more than 25 grams of added sugar per day" (22.6%), while the one with the highest correct rate was "Excessive intake of SSBs can increase the risk of obesity and diabetes" (81.1%). The results of the null model showed that SSBs knowledge level had a clustering effect at resident council (village council) level (t=25.00, P<0.0001), so a two-level model fit better than a one-level model. The results of the two-level logistic model revealed that residents who were female (OR=1.14, 95%CI: 1.11, 1.18) or working in medical and health (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.27, 1.45) and education institutions (OR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.07, 1.24) had a higher knowledge level compared to males or residents of other occupations. The knowledge level was lower among residents in central (OR=0.87, 95%CI: 0.77, 0.97) and western (OR=0.85, 95%CI: 0.75, 0.94) areas than in eastern areas. Those with chronic diseases (OR=0.81, 95%CI: 0.78, 0.84) and who did not know if they had a chronic disease (OR=0.75, 95%CI: 0.72, 0.78) had a lower knowledge level than those without chronic diseases. Compared with 18-24 years, the knowledge level was higher in ages 35-44 years (OR=1.07, 95%CI: 1.02, 1.12) and lower in ages 55-64 years (OR=0.92, 95%CI: 0.86, 0.97), and not different from the ages 25-34 years and 45-54 years. The knowledge level increased with the level of education, the trend was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion Only about half of Chinese adults aged 18-64 years had a basic understanding of SSBs in 2021. The awareness rate of added sugar intake was low in particular. The knowledge levels of male, central and western, or less educated populations were even lower. Awareness of the negative health outcomes of SSBs was high among the population.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-970875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for two patients from a family with BCL11A-related intellectual disability (BCL11A-ID).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the proband and her family members was analyzed. Chromosomal karyotyping analysis, trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) and copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) were carried out. For the suspected genetic variants, Sanger sequencing was used to verify, and pathogenicity assessment was conducted.@*RESULTS@#The proband and her mother both had intellectual and language impairment, and their fetal hemoglobin (HbF) was significantly elevated. A heterozygous c.1327_c.1328delTC (p.Ser443Hisfs*128) variant was found in exon 4 of the BCL11A gene by WES, which has resulted in truncated expression of the encoded protein, and Sanger sequencing has verified that the variant was inherited from the mother. The variant was not found in related databases. The variant was predicted as pathogenic according to the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) (PVS1+PM2+PP1). No karyotypic abnormality was found in the proband, her parents and brother, and no pathogenic CNVs was found in the proband and her parents.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1327_c.1328delTC (p.Ser443Hisfs*128) variant may underlay the BCL11A-ID in the proband and her mother. This de novo variant has expanded the mutational spectrum of the BCL11A gene.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Linhagem , Mutação , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Mães , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-879510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the pathogenesis for a SRY-negative male with 46,XX disorder of sex development (DSD).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the patient and his family members were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping, routine PCR, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, whole exome sequencing and whole genome sequencing. The data was analyzed with NextGENe software.@*RESULTS@#Both the proband and his brother presented a 46,XX karyotype with negative SRY gene, while their father presented normal phenotype and karyotype with positive SRY gene. No pathogenic variant associated with sex development was detected by whole exome sequencing, while a 243 kb duplication was detected by whole genome sequencing in the 5' upstream region of the SOX9 gene in the proband, his brother and father. The same duplication was not found in his sister and mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The 243 kb duplication at the 5' upstream of the SOX9 gene may predispose to the 46,XX DSD in this family. It is speculated that there exist an unknown core regulatory element in the upstream of the SOX9, and its duplication may trigger expression of SOX9 and initiate testicular differentiation in the absence of SRY gene.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Mutação/genética , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico/genética , Proteína da Região Y Determinante do Sexo/genética , Testículo , Sequenciamento do Exoma
4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-861812

RESUMO

Acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) is a medical emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Intravenous corticosteroids are the first-line medical therapy, yet over 30% of the patients are steroid-refractory. The response to steroids should be assessed on day 3 after treatment initiation; in non-responders, treatment options including ciclosporin and infliximab, or surgery should be considered. Both ciclosporin and infliximab are effective and safe salvage therapy. Colectomy is recommended if there is no improvement following 4 to 7 days of salvage therapy. Total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the standard surgical procedure. A three-step approach is advocated and the postoperative complications should be cared. The diagnosis and treatment of ASUC requires multidisciplinary cooperation in order to improve prognosis and reduce mortality.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 536-540, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-807313

RESUMO

Objective@#To evaluate the usage of ultrasound guided wire-localization, nano-carbon staining and the combination of the above two methods in detecting sentinel lymph node (SLN) in breast cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 159 cases of breast cancer from May 2015 to December 2017 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were selected, and they were treated with ultrasound guided wire-localization, nano-carbon staining and combination of the two methods separately to detect SLN before the operation. After the operation, SLN and axillary lymph node in each group were marked and made pathological diagnosis.@*Results@#There were 69 cases with pathological diagnosis of SLN metastasis and 90 cases without abnormal representation. With the patient as the unit, the sensitivity of ultrasound guided wire-localization was 100.0% (69/69), the sensitivity of nano-carbon staining was 98.6% (68/69), and the sensitivity of combination of the two methods was 97.1% (67/69). The specificity of ultrasound guided wire-localization was 3.3% (3/90), the specificity of nano-carbon staining was 2.2% (2/90), and the specificity of combination of the two methods was 5.6% (5/90). With the count of SLN as the unit, the combination of the two methods had the highest diagnostic efficiency in detecting SLN, and the difference was statistical significant (χ2 = 34.31, P < 0.001).@*Conclusions@#Ultrasound guided wire-localization and nano-carbon staining are safe and accessible methods for detecting SLN. It provides a precise treatment for early breast cancer, and it can protect medical staff from radiation, which is expected to be the best method for detection of SLN in breast cancer.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-806448

RESUMO

Objective@#To analyze the effect of breakfast nutrition quality on the satiety among young white-collar workers.@*Methods@#A total of 278 subjects were recruited from two cities, Shenyang and Chongqing, in June 2015. The inclusion criteria: white-collar workers aged 25-45 years involved mainly in office work, who did not experience major changes, and individuals who should follow the study protocol and sign the informed consent form. The study employed a three-phase crossover design trial. Each participant received nutritional-adequate breakfast, nutritional-inadequate breakfast, and no breakfast treatment on the basis of assignment to one of three sequences. The breakfast time was once a week and then changed, all participants underwent the tests for three successive weeks. At last, we compared the effect of participants to consume different nutritional quality on satiety sense and hunger sense.@*Results@#A total of 232 participants completed three successive breakfast intervention studies, the age of participants was (35.2 ± 7.9) years, comprised of 48.7% male (n=113). The numbers of participants of aged 25-35 year-old and aged 36-45 were 118 and 114, respectively. Satiety scores of nutrition-adequate breakfast group, nutrition-inadequate breakfast group and no breakfast group were 63.5±14.7, 53.1±10.2 and 36.4±7.2, respectively (P<0.05). In nutrition-inadequate breakfast group and no breakfast group, male subjects scored significantly higher than female subjects (50.9±10.5 vs 46.6±9.4, 35.2±8.3 vs 31.8±5.4) (P<0.05). And, participants aged 25-35 year-old. got satiety score significantly higher than aged 36-45 (51.3±11.0 vs 45.6±12.1, 34.1±6.8 vs 32.5±7.9), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of hunger in the group of nutrition-adequate breakfast, nutrition-inadequate breakfast and no breakfast were 26.3 ± 8.0, 35.1 ± 11.2 and 57.3 ± 17.0, respectively (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The nutrition quality of breakfast affects the satiety of young white-collar workers. The better the nutrition quality of breakfast is, the higher the satiety score and the lower the hunger score become. Compared with women and participants aged 36-45 year-old, men and those aged 25-35 year-old get satiety sense more easily.

7.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 22: 246-250, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28971000

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Organizing pneumonia (OP) is a clinicopathological entity characterized by granulation tissue plugs in the lumen of small airways, alveolar ducts, and alveoli. Diagnosis of OP needs the combination of clinical features, imaging and pathology. But it occurs often that there are no typical pathological features to support the diagnosis, which poses a challenge for clinicians' diagnosis and treatment. We diagnosed a case of OP without typical imaging and pathological characteristic and treated successfully. Finally we confirmed the pathological diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Not every OP case is supported by pathological evidence and typical imaging changes. It is important for us to judge and decide the diagnosis according to clinical experience.

8.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 149-151,156, 2017.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-613416

RESUMO

Objective To understand the Shenzhen Dapeng new district and Longhua district 0~7 years old children in copper (Cu),zinc (Zn),calcium (Ca),magnesium (Mg),iron (Fc) and lead (Pb) 6 kinds of trace elements,in order to establish the reasonable dietary structure and provide a scientific basis for scientific and rational supplement of trace elements.Methods Collected 2 190 cases of 0~7 years old children for health physical examination in Dapeng New District Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Shenzhen form March to November 2015.According to the age,they were divided into the baby group (0~1 years old) of 637 cases,children group (2~4 years old) of 723 cases and preschool group (4~7 years old) of 830 cases of three groups.Used QL8000 automatic whole blood trace elements analyzer to test Fe,Zn,Ca,Cu,Mg and Pb 6 kinds of trace elements in whole blood,and the detection results were statistically analyzed and compared.Results Test results of 5 kinds of whole blood trace element(Fe,Zn,Ca,Cu,Mg) had different degrees lack in 2 190 cases of children aged 0 ~7,and lack of different level,lack of rate were 36.26%,32.83%,14.20%,0.64% and 0.50%,respectively.Fe and Ca deficiency in young children group was most serious,lack of Zn in infant group was most serious,other microelement lack rate had no statistically significant difference between different groups (P> 0.05).Pb poisoning rate was 15.71%,the Pb poisoning rate decreases along with the age growth,and boys than girls,the difference was statistically significant (x2=3.15,P <0.05),different gender children other microelement lack rate differences had no statistical significance between the results.Conclusion The whole blood trace element of 0~7 years old children had different lack,mainly by Fe,Zn and Ca deficiency in Shenzhen Dapeng New District and Longhua District.But Children's Pb poisoning problem could not be ignored.Therefore,to streng then the 0~ 7 years old children's whole blood trace elements level survey,microelement lack of prevention and treatment of children is of great significance.

9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-508689

RESUMO

Objective To explore the effects ofPolygonum multiflorum Thunb. by different processed temperature on acute liver injury induced by CCl4 in mice. MethodsA total of 140 KM mice were randomly divided into the control group, the positive drug group, the model group, the 100℃, 110℃, and 120℃ processed group and crude drug group, all the groups above were in sequence given the equal normal saline, silymarin (10 mg/kg), 100℃ extract (100 mg/kg), 110℃ extract (100 mg/kg), 120℃ extract (100 mg/kg) and crude drug extract (100 mg/kg) each day, respectively. After 7 days, apart of the control group, the other groups were established the acute liver injury model by the carbon tetrachloride. The blood and liver of mice were taken after 24 h post-model made. The levels of AST, ALT, Alb, TP, IL-6, TNF-a, IL-1, SOD, MDA and GSH-Px were detected, and liver pathological features of each group were observed.Results Compared with the model group, the levels of ALT (132.14 ± 19.66 U/L, 81.55 ± 12.67 U/L, 169.37 ± 24.18 U/Lvs. 261.84 ± 31.61 U/L), AST (231.57 ± 38.38 U/L, 181.73 ± 36.52 U/L, 318.36 ± 39.68 U/Lvs. 624.79 ± 49.98 U/L), IL-6 (10.35 ± 1.62 pg/ml, 6.26 ± 1.36 pg/ml, 12.57 ± 1.88 pg/mlvs. 18.73 ± 5.54 pg/ml), TNF-α (243.74 ± 13.02 pg/ml, 189.36 ± 9.85 pg/ml, 273.13 ± 14.64 pg/mlvs. 314.36 ± 29.67 pg/ml), IL-1 (235.36 ± 30.14 pg/ml, 208.07 ± 9.33 pg/ml, 48.21 ± 33.15 pg/mlvs.264.76 ± 32.55 pg/ml) in the 100℃, 110℃, 120℃ group significantly decreased (P<0.05). The levels of TP (69.16 ± 2.96 g/L, 74.14 ± 3.17 g/L, 65.73 ± 2.22 g/Lvs. 62.06 ± 2.65 g/L), Alb (35.86 ± 2.64 g/L, 36.67 ± 2.81 g/L, 34.06 ± 2.64 g/Lvs. 32.16 ± 2.05 g/L) in the 100℃, 110℃, and 120℃ group significantly increased (P<0.05). The levels of SOD (82.94 ± 6.21 U/mg, 101.33 ± 9.16 U/mg, 71.32 ± 5.15 U/mg vs. 66.22 ± 1.13 U/mg), GSH-Px (153.39 ± 15.23 U, 199.25 ± 12.04 U, 159.26 ± 17.18 Uvs. 64.79 ± 32.56 U) in the 100℃, 110℃, and 120℃ group significantly increased (P<0.05), while the level of MDA (0.96 ± 0.22 nmol/mg, 0.69 ± 0.13 nmol/mg, 1.29 ± 0.13 nmol/mgvs.1.71 ± 0.33 nmol/mg) in the 100℃, 110℃, and 120℃ group significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions Different processed temperature ofPolygonum Multiflorum Thunb. water extract on liver injury in mice caused by carbon tetrachloride is not the same. The 110℃ processed temperature showd the best liver protection.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-662233

RESUMO

Background:Of patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC),30% -40% is steroid-refractory and required second-line medical therapy or colectomy. Infliximab (IFX)may be effective as rescue therapy. Aims:To explore preliminarily the efficacy and safety of IFX as rescue therapy in ASUC in China. Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in 10 consecutive ASUC patients receiving IFX as rescue therapy from June 2012 to September 2016 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The modified Mayo score and laboratory parameters were compared at baseline and on week 2,week 12 and week 30 of the treatment course. Results:The response rates on week 2,week 12 and week 30 of IFX treatment were 90. 0% (9/ 10),90. 0% (9/ 10)and 71. 4% (5/ 7),respectively,and the remission rates were 20. 0% (2/10),30. 0% (3/ 10)and 28. 6% (2/ 7),respectively. One patient was primary non-responder to IFX,and two lost response on week 30 (secondary non-response). Seven patients were followed up for 38 weeks. Two patients underwent colectomy. After (9. 6 ± 7. 0)months on average,endoscopic improvement occurred in 50. 0% (5/ 10)of patients,of which one achieved mucosal healing. During treatment course,one case of herpes zoster virus infection and one case of cytomegalovirus infection were recorded. Conclusions:This retrospective study revealed good short-term response to IFX treatment in patients with ASUC in China. It may reduce colectomy rate and promote mucosal healing. However,the rate of secondary loss of response is relatively high. During treatment course,viral infection should be monitored.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-659617

RESUMO

Background:Of patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC),30% -40% is steroid-refractory and required second-line medical therapy or colectomy. Infliximab (IFX)may be effective as rescue therapy. Aims:To explore preliminarily the efficacy and safety of IFX as rescue therapy in ASUC in China. Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in 10 consecutive ASUC patients receiving IFX as rescue therapy from June 2012 to September 2016 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The modified Mayo score and laboratory parameters were compared at baseline and on week 2,week 12 and week 30 of the treatment course. Results:The response rates on week 2,week 12 and week 30 of IFX treatment were 90. 0% (9/ 10),90. 0% (9/ 10)and 71. 4% (5/ 7),respectively,and the remission rates were 20. 0% (2/10),30. 0% (3/ 10)and 28. 6% (2/ 7),respectively. One patient was primary non-responder to IFX,and two lost response on week 30 (secondary non-response). Seven patients were followed up for 38 weeks. Two patients underwent colectomy. After (9. 6 ± 7. 0)months on average,endoscopic improvement occurred in 50. 0% (5/ 10)of patients,of which one achieved mucosal healing. During treatment course,one case of herpes zoster virus infection and one case of cytomegalovirus infection were recorded. Conclusions:This retrospective study revealed good short-term response to IFX treatment in patients with ASUC in China. It may reduce colectomy rate and promote mucosal healing. However,the rate of secondary loss of response is relatively high. During treatment course,viral infection should be monitored.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-508966

RESUMO

Objective To study the effects of self-made blood sampling-taking-transfusionsimulation video in the management of safe blood transfusion. Methods According to the tracking results, the process of blood transfusion were improved. Then blood sampling-taking-transfusionsimulation video was made that was used in the safe management of blood transfusion and their effects were evaluated. Results The blood transfusion knowledge score and self-efficacy score of nurses were 87.32 ± 7.08, 2.83 ± 0.84, and that of before improvement were 78.38 ± 8.46, 2.52 ± 0.78, and there were statistically significant differences (t=-14.486,-3.274, P<0.01). The qualification rate of blood specimen collection, assessment and check before blood transfusion and nursing record were 97.14% (68/70), 98.57%(69/70), 97.14%(68/70), 98.57%(69/70), and that of before improvement were 51.43%(36/70), 78.57% (55/70), 68.57% (48/70), 82.86% (58/70), the difference was statistically significant (χ2=38.291, 13.831, 20.115, 10.206, P<0.01). The qualified rate of safe blood transfusion increased from 81.43%(57/70) before improvement to 100.00% (70/70) (χ2=14.331, P<0.01). Conclusions Self-made bloodsampling-taking-transfusionsimulation video in the safe management of blood transfusion is effective.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-494219

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the discrepancy and similarities of clinical characteristics in elderly patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and ischemic colitis (IC).Methods A total of 43 elderly patients (age≥60 yrs) with UC and 36 elderly patients with IC were enrolled from 2004 to 2015 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The clinical characteristics were retrospectively analyzed and compared between the two groups.Results Compared with IC group,the disease course was longer with lower incidence of cardiovascular comorbidities in UC patients (P < 0.05).In UC group,more patients presented with diarrhea,mucopurulent bloody stool [39 (90.7%) vs 16 (44.4%) and 34 (79.1%) vs 2 (5.6%)respectively,both P < 0.01].Yet bloody stool as the only symptom was seen in more IC patients than UC patients [61.1% (22/36) vs 7.0% (3/43),P < 0.01].The ratio of extra-intestinal manifestations was higher [18.6% (8/43) vs 0 (0/36)] in UC patients,while complications were lower [11.6% (5/43) vs 30.6% (11/36),P < 0.05].As to the laboratory parameters,median platelet count [(294.38 ± 104.83) × 109/L vs (235.47±94.82) × 109/L,P <0.05] was higher in UC group.In addition,more patients with UC had positive perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA) [50.0% (15/30) vs 10.0% (2/20),P < 0.05].The most commonly involved regions of IC were descending colon and sigmoid colon,in which the lesions were clearly demarcated with the normal mucosa.Lesions in patients with UC mainly originated from rectum and might spread to the whole colon.Vascular occlusion and micro thrombosis were characteristic pathological findings of IC.The crypt abscesses were frequently seen in the UC group.Conclusion Even though UC and IC have some similar manifestations in the elderly patients,clinical and pathological discrepancy is still helpful to differentiate each other.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 533-536, 2015.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-469461

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the expression of serum amyloid A (SAA) in patients adipose tissue with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and the correlations between SAA and insulin resistance (IR) and body mass index (BMI).Methods A total of 60 single full-term pregnant women underwent cesarean section from June 2013 to December 2013 was enrolled in this study (GDM group,n =30;control group,n =30);serum SAA level was detected with Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA);and mRNA expression of SAA1 in adipose tissue was determined by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR);SPSS software was used to compare these markers,and the correlations between SAA and HOMA-IR,BMI were analyzed with Pearson correlation method.Results SAA,mRNA expressions in omental and subcutaneous fat in GDM group (0.447 ± 0.069,0.291 ± 0.067) were significantly higher than those in control group (0.194 ± 0.070,0.231 ± 0.068,P < 0.01).Serum SAA levels [(21.038 ± 6.648) mg/L] and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance(HOMA-IR) (4.168± 2.416) in GDM group were significantly higher than those in control group [(14.384 ± 12.770) mg/L,2.045 ± 1.008,P < 0.05];SAA1 mRNA expression levels in omental and subcutaneous fat were positively correlated with serum SAA (r =0.353,0.342,P < 0.01).SAA1 mRNA expression levels in omental were positively correlated to pregestational BMI,late gestational BMI,weight gain in pregnancy and HOMA-IR (r =0.543,0.644,0.340,0.473,P < 0.01),and SAA1 mRNA expression levels in subcutaneous fat were positively correlated to pregestational BMI,late gestational BMI,and HOMA-IR (r =0.788,0.693,0.504,P < 0.01),but was no correlation with weight gain in pregnancy(r =0.013,P > 0.05).Conclusions SAA mRNA expressions in omental and subcutaneous fat in GDM group and serum SAA levels increase,which is positively correlated with BMI and the degree of insulin resistance,SAA may participate in the formation of GDM by increasing insulin resistance.SAA may be used as a new monitor of GDM.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-460653

RESUMO

Objective To explore the clinical application value of fast blood glucose meter in the emergency test of blood glu‐cose .Methods 186 critical patients in or hospital from August 2013 to August 2014 were selected for conducting the clinical re‐search .The average blood sugar was detected in all the research subjects by using the fast blood glucose meter and the fully auto‐matic biochemical analyzer .Results The consistency rate of detection results by the two kinds of detection method reached 22 .04% ,the difference of data was relatively small .In addition ,the detection time for the fast blood glucose meter was significantly shorter than that of the fully automatic biochemical analyzer ,the difference showed the statistical significance (P< 0 .05) .Conclu‐sion The detection results of the fast blood glucose meter have no too large difference with those of fully automatic biochemical an‐alyzer and have the same guidance significance to the diagnosis and treatment .The fast blood glucose meter has the advantages of quickness and convenience ,short time‐consuming and can be used in emergency .

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-602109

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the status of human metapneumovirus in children with respiratory tract infection in Shenz-hen and Shantou and the clinical characteristics of the diseases with hMPV infection.Methods The viral nucleic acid of 1 217 samples were amplified by RT-PCR(1 137 from children with respiratory tract infection,80 from health children),and five positive PCR products were chosen randomly for sequencing.Nucleotide sequences alignment and phylogenetic analysis were performed with DNAstar software.The clinical data of the children with hMPV infection were analyzed.Results The positive rate of hMPV infection identified from 1 137 children wtith respiratory tract infection was 4.49% (51/1 137), hMPV was significantly prevalent in February,March and April.Most of the positive cases was under 3 years old.Five hMPV gene fragments of sequence were closely related to hMPV in the GenBank.Similarity of hMPV partial N gene with which published at nucleotide levels varied from 80.8%~98.4%.Phylogenetic tree of nucleotide revealed two different gen-otypes.All hMPV positive patients suffered from fever,cough and wheezing.The clinical diagnoses were wheezing pneumo-nia (17),bronchiolitis (9).None of the nasal swabs from 80 healty subjects were tested hMPV specific gene fragment.Con-clusion hMPV is an important viral pathogen in children with respiratory tract infection in Shenzhen and Shantou.Two genotypes may circurate in these areas.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-596156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE Optimizing the infection control process to prevent the infection in the Operating room.METHODS Based on the operating room materials,the problems were found out then with the help of the comprehensive analysis to get the best evidence,finally use the systemic method to optimize the infection control process in the operating room.RESULTS Optimal process was corresponding to the requirements of National Medical department,and has good maneuverability,so it was easy to carry out for the nurses.Comparing the control group and the observation group,we could found: the monitoring of the cleaning of occult blood on surgical instruments(P

18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-381213

RESUMO

Objective To test the reliability and validity of ICF Core Sets for Chinese COPD patients.Methods Fifty-two COPD patients were measured with ICF Core Sets for COPD patients and SF-36. For reliability test, the internal consistency was analyzed and expressed by Cronbach α coefficients and split-half reliability. For va-lidity test, the content validity and criterion validity were analyzed and expressed with Spearman rank correlation coef-ficients. Results For body function, body structure and activity and participation, there were good internal consis-tency (Cronbach α coefficients 0. 698~0.957). For environmental factors Crnnbach α coefficient and split-half reli-ability did not exist. Most items of body function, activity and participation and body structure possessed good content validity. There was concurrent validity for ICF components of body function, body structure and activity and participa-tion with SF-36, FEV1/FVC, COPD grade and health self-assessment. The environmental factors demonstrated poor reliability and validity. Conclusion The ICF Core Sets for COPD patients showed good reliability and validity. It is a good comprehensive functional measurement scale for COPD patients, but it is necessary to test the generality of this result, and some items need to be adjusted.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-395322

RESUMO

Objective To search an effective method for the attendance of perineum wound to en-hance the first healing rate of wounds and relieve the pain of puerperas. Methods 120 puerporas with perineum wounds after spontaneous delivery per vagina from January to June ,2005 were selected as the control group, and the observation group were composed of 120 paerperas with perineum wounds after spontaneous delivery per vagina from January to June, 2006. With the complete of wounds suture post par-tum, wounds were swabbed with iodophors only in the control group; in the observation group, after swab-bling with iodophors, wounds were attended with the KunZhiYuFuLing perineal pad for perineum wounds. The time of detumeseence, the degree of pain, the lust healing rate and the time of sutures out were com-pared between the two groups. Results Compared with the control group, during the 24 hours post par-tum, the number of wounds detumeseenee and the degree of pain in the observation group was beth signifi-cantly reduced. The first healing rate in the observation group was significantly increased than that in the control group. And compared with the control group, the time of suture out in the observation group was sig-nificantly shorter. Conclusions The method with the KunZhiYuFuLing perineal pad for perineum wounds has better effect than traditional methods. It can speed up detumescence, relieve pain effectively, cut down the wounds infection, promote the wounds bealing,,reduce the time of suture out; furthermore it is manufactured easily, used conveniently, and deserve to be generalized in clinic.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-393050

RESUMO

rade the unsafe factors, elevate the rescue drug ad-ministration level, improve nursing personnels' working efficiency and quality.

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