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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 832023.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469113

RESUMO

Abstract This study aimed to identify the phylogenetic similarities among the muntjac (Muntiacus spp.). The phylogenetic similarities among seven major muntjac species were studied by comparing the nucleotide sequence of 16s rRNA and cytochrome b genome. Nucleotide sequences, retrieved from NCBI databases were aligned by using DNASTAR software. A phylogenetic tree was created for the selected species of muntjac by using the maximum likelihood method on MEGA7 software. The results of nucleotide sequences (16s rRNA) showed phylogenetic similarities between, the M. truongsonensis and M. rooseveltorum had the highest (99.2%) while the lowest similarities (96.8%) found between M. crinifrons and M. putaoensi. While the results of nucleotide sequences (Cty b) showed the highest similarity (100%) between M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis and the lowest s (91.5%) among M. putaoensis and M. crinifrons. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species (16s rRNA gene) shows the main two clusters, the one including M. putaoensis, M. truongsonensis, M. rooseveltorum, and M. muntjak, and the second one including M. crinifrons and M. vuquangensis. The M. reevesi exists separately in the phylogenetic tree. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species using cytochrome b genes shows that the M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis are clustered in the same group.


Resumo Este estudo visou identificar as semelhanças filogenéticas entre os muntjac (Muntiacus spp.). As semelhanças filogenéticas entre sete grandes espécies muntjac foram estudadas comparando a sequência de nucleótidos de 16s rRNA e genoma citocromo b. As sequências de nucleótidos, obtidas a partir de bases de dados NCBI, foram alinhadas utilizando o software DNASTAR. Foi criada uma árvore filogenética para as espécies selecionadas de muntjac utilizando o método de probabilidade máxima no software MEGA7. Os resultados das sequências de nucleótidos (16s rRNA) mostraram semelhanças filogenéticas entre o M. truongsonensis e o M. rooseveltorum tiveram o maior número (99,2%) enquanto as semelhanças mais baixas (96,8%) encontradas entre M. crinifrons e M. putaoensi. Enquanto os resultados das sequências de nucleótidos (Cty-b) apresentaram a maior semelhança (100%) entre M. muntjak e M. truongsonensis e os mais baixos (91,5%) entre M. putaoensis e M. crinifrons. A árvore filogenética das espécies muntjac (gene rRNA 16s) mostra os dois principais aglomerados, o que inclui M. putaoensis, M. truongsonensis, M. rooseveltorum e M. muntjak, e o segundo incluindo M. crinifrons e M. vuquangensis. O M. reevesi existe separadamente na árvore filogenética. A árvore filogenética das espécies muntjac usando genes citocromo b mostra que os M. muntjak e M. truongsonensis estão agrupados no mesmo grupo.

2.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113769, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600426

RESUMO

Forests have been undergoing through immense pressure due to the factors like human activities; procurement of forest products and climate change which is a major factor influencing this pressure buildup on forests. Climate change and temperature increase caused by anthropogenic activities have notably affected forests and wildlife on a global scale. High temperature increases the soil-water evaporation, resulting in drier soils, and water loss in forest flora. The incidence of forest fires has doubled since 1984 and these are linked to global warming. Drought influences fuel moisture by bringing about physiological changes in forest vegetation leading to forest fires. Forest resilience is hampered because of temperature and drought stress at the developing stage of plant's life cycle leading to the shift in plant species in those areas. Forest fire incidences can be managed with proper management strategies such as sustainable, community and urban forest management. A careful monitoring of stress precursors, subsistence uses of forests, ecological education and planting of near native and new indigenous plant species are the tools that can aid in efficient forest management.


Assuntos
Incêndios , Incêndios Florestais , Mudança Climática , Secas , Florestas , Humanos , Árvores
3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248153, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468532

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the phylogenetic similarities among the muntjac (Muntiacus spp.). The phylogenetic similarities among seven major muntjac species were studied by comparing the nucleotide sequence of 16s rRNA and cytochrome b genome. Nucleotide sequences, retrieved from NCBI databases were aligned by using DNASTAR software. A phylogenetic tree was created for the selected species of muntjac by using the maximum likelihood method on MEGA7 software. The results of nucleotide sequences (16s rRNA) showed phylogenetic similarities between, the M. truongsonensis and M. rooseveltorum had the highest (99.2%) while the lowest similarities (96.8%) found between M. crinifrons and M. putaoensi. While the results of nucleotide sequences (Cty b) showed the highest similarity (100%) between M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis and the lowest s (91.5%) among M. putaoensis and M. crinifrons. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species (16s rRNA gene) shows the main two clusters, the one including M. putaoensis, M. truongsonensis, M. rooseveltorum, and M. muntjak, and the second one including M. crinifrons and M. vuquangensis. The M. reevesi exists separately in the phylogenetic tree. The phylogenetic tree of muntjac species using cytochrome b genes shows that the M. muntjak and M. truongsonensis are clustered in the same group.


Assuntos
Citocromos b , Cervo Muntjac , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Citocromos b/genética , Cervo Muntjac/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
4.
3 Biotech ; 10(5): 197, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300513

RESUMO

In this study, the Sr22 gene was isolated and prepared for transformation in disease-susceptible commercial high-yielding wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar Lasani-2008. The Sr22 fragment was initially inserted in plasmid pUC57 for sequence confirmation before performing further experiments. After confirmation, Sr22 was subcloned in pGreen0029 which helped in further cloning and ligation. pUC57-Sr22 was restricted with Nru1 and BamH1, while pGreen0029 was restricted with EcoRV and BamH1 and ligated. From pGreen0029, Sr22 was eluted and ligated in pJIT163 to insert the 2 × 35S promoter and CaMV terminator using Xho1 and BamH1 and Sal1. At this stage, the expression cassette was completed. The 2 × 35Sp-Sr22-CaMVt was then ligated in pGreen0029 and transferred to Agrobacterium along with pSOUP. pSOUP helped pGreen0029 to insert 2X35Sp-Sr22-CaMVt in the callus of Lasani-2008, along with kanamycin-resistant gene. Transgenic callus was used for regeneration of the whole plant by tissue culture. Transgenic plants were further tested by PCR, qPCR and SDS-PAGE. The transgenic Lasani-2008 showed substantial resistance against stem rust in both seedling and adult plant stages. The results also showed that transgenic Lasani-2008 has increased average yield of grains (i.e., 4893 ± 148 kg/ha) as compared to non-transgenic Lasani-2008 (i.e., with average yield of gains 4762 ± 103 kg/ha). Sr22 containing lines and the transgenic developed in this study can be used in breeding systems. Transgenic seeds developed will be shared with breeding institutes and breeders should use this information to develop new varieties.

5.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8735, 2018 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29880861

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of naturally occurring plant steroid hormones that can induce plant tolerance to various plant stresses by regulating ROS production in cells, but the underlying mechanisms of this scavenging activity by BRs are not well understood. This study investigated the effects of 28-homobrassinolide (28-HBL) seed priming on Brassica juncea seedlings subjected to the combined stress of extreme temperatures (low, 4 °C or high, 44 °C) and salinity (180 mM), either alone or supplemented with 28-HBL treatments (0, 10-6, 10-9, 10-12 M). The combined temperature and salt stress treatments significantly reduced shoot and root lengths, but these improved when supplemented with 28-HBL although the response was dose-dependent. The combined stress alone significantly increased H2O2 content, but was inhibited when supplemented with 28-HBL. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APOX), glutathione reductase (GR), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) and monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) increased in response to 28-HBL. Overall, the 28-HBL seed priming treatment improved the plant's potential to combat the toxic effects imposed by the combined temperature and salt stress by tightly regulating the accumulation of ROS, which was reflected in the improved redox state of antioxidants.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Colestanonas/metabolismo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Temperatura Alta , Mostardeira/enzimologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredutases/biossíntese , Proteínas de Plantas/biossíntese , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
6.
Protoplasma ; 255(2): 471-484, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905119

RESUMO

Plant parasitic nematodes cause severe damage to cultivated crops globally. Management of nematode population is a major concern as chemicals used as nematicides have negative impact on the environment. Natural plant products can be safely used for the control of nematodes. Among various plant metabolites, plant hormones play an essential role in developmental and physiological processes and also assist the plants to encounter stressful conditions. Keeping this in mind, the present study was designed to evaluate the effect of jasmonic acid (JA) on the growth, pigments, polyphenols, antioxidants, osmolytes, and organic acids under nematode infection in tomato seedlings. It was observed that nematode inoculation reduced the growth of seedlings. Treatment with JA improved root growth (32.79%), total chlorophylls (71.51%), xanthophylls (94.63%), anthocyanins (37.5%), and flavonoids content (21.11%) when compared to inoculated seedlings alone. The JA application enhanced the total antioxidant capacity (lipid- and water-soluble antioxidants) by 38.23 and 34.37%, respectively, in comparison to infected seedlings. Confocal studies revealed that there was higher accumulation of glutathione in hormone-treated seedlings under nematode infection. Treatment with JA increased total polyphenols content (74.56%) in comparison to nematode-infested seedlings. JA-treated seedlings also enhanced osmolyte and organic acid contents under nematode stress. Overall, treatment with JA improved growth, enhanced pigment levels, modulated antioxidant content, and enhanced osmolyte and organic acid content in nematode-infected seedlings.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia , Solanum lycopersicum/imunologia , Solanum lycopersicum/parasitologia , Tylenchoidea/fisiologia , Animais , Ácidos Carboxílicos/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Solanum lycopersicum/efeitos dos fármacos , Solanum lycopersicum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Osmose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/metabolismo , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/metabolismo
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