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1.
Ophthalmic Genet ; : 1-5, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482581

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The MEFV gene encodes pyrin, a protein linked to increased severity of symptoms in Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). We consider that inflammation due to MEFV variants would increase eye inflammation and damage aqueous humor regulation. The present study is the first analysis investigating a MEFV (E148Q) variant as a marker protecting from glaucoma. METHODS: In this prospective clinical analyze, we performed detailed gene sequencing focusing on 22 specific regions of the pyrin (MEFV) gene. The study involved two distinct groups: individuals diagnosed with glaucoma (n = 200) and control subjects without glaucoma (n = 100). Both groups were carefully selected to exclude individuals with symptoms or a previous diagnosis of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). The diagnosis of glaucoma for each participant was rigorously established through comprehensive direct ophthalmic examinations. RESULTS: A significant odds ratio for protection against glaucoma was found in carriers of the subclinical E148Q allele (OR:2.22; 95%CI: 1.098-4.485). No significant differences were found for other variants. One mutant E148Q-allele could decrease the probability of glaucoma development by approximately 68,9%. We observed no differences in the genotype frequency between glaucoma and healthy for the other MEFV gene variants. CONCLUSION: The pyrin variant of the MEFV gene resulting in a subclinical phenotype appears to reduce the incidence of glaucoma, and heterozygous pyrin (MEFV) E148Q allele carriers confer protection against glaucoma. It is important to consider the limitations arising from the relatively small number of studies conducted on this topic.

2.
Int Ophthalmol ; 42(5): 1581-1587, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35083597

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the effectiveness of single-stage two-muscle surgery of 7-11 mm in patients with large-angle exotropia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 34 patients with a large-angle comitant exodeviation was conducted. Patients were classified as severe (group 1) if the average deviation was ≥ 50 prism diopters (PD) and moderate (group 2) if their deviation ranged from 30 to 49 PD. A successful outcome of surgery was defined as deviation within 12 PD of orthophoria/tropia for both distance and near. RESULTS: The mean exodeviation was 49.5 ± 11.6 (range, 30-85) PD at distance and 50.3 ± 13.5 (range, 18-85) PD at near preoperatively. All patients underwent a recess/resect procedure. At the last visit, 25 (71%) of 34 patients in the entire group achieved successful alignment; it was higher in group 2 (81%) than in group 1 (67%); but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.45). Twelve patients had very poor vision (≤ counting fingers at 1 m) in one eye with a success rate of 83% in the short-term. Two patients had minimal asymmetrical abduction deficit and no patients reported permanent diplopia at the final postoperative evaluation. CONCLUSION: Large-angle exodeviations can be successfully corrected with a two-muscle surgical procedure without causing significant abduction deficiency. This choice has the advantage of 2 horizontal rectus muscles remaining untouched.


Assuntos
Exotropia , Exotropia/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Visão Binocular/fisiologia
3.
Biotech Histochem ; 97(5): 334-339, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696641

RESUMO

Eyelid tumors commonly originate from the skin and its appendages. Environmental toxins and oxidants affect eyelid carcinogenesis. Glutathione S-transferases (GST) are antioxidants that participate in pathogenesis. We investigated GST levels in malignant and benign eyelid tumors in otherwise healthy individuals. We used 57 malignant eyelid biopsies, benign eyelid biopsies, and tissue removed during blepharoplasty and entropion operations culled from pathology archives. Specimens were divided into three groups: malignant lesions, benign lesions and controls consisting of eyelid tissue removed during routine blepharoplasty and entropion surgery. Specimens were immunostained for seven GST (GST-A, GST-P, GST-Z, GST-S, GST-K, GST-O, GST-T) and the intensity of staining was quantified. In the malignant group, GST-O and GST-P staining was less intense than for the control group. In the benign group, the GST-P level was less than for the control group. We found no significant difference between the intensity of staining in malignant and benign groups. Our findings suggest that GST-O and GST-P enzymes may play significant roles in eyelid carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Entrópio , Neoplasias Palpebrais , Carcinogênese , Feminino , Glutationa , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Humanos
4.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 12(8): 1290-1297, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456919

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the clinical results, efficacy and safety of Ex-PRESS P200 glaucoma shunt implant in different types of medically uncontrolled glaucoma. METHODS: The study included 31 eyes of 31 patients that were unresponsive to medical antiglaucomatous therapy in whom Ex-PRESS P200 glaucoma shunt implantation was performed. The demographic characteristics of the patients, type of glaucoma, complete ocular examination results, number of antiglaucomatous drugs before and after surgery, early and late complications of surgery, additional surgical and nonsurgical medical interventions, and success rates were investigated from the patients' files, retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean postoperative follow-up time was 16.4±7.5mo. The preoperative mean corrected intraocular pressure (IOP) was 28.7±10.3 mm Hg and postoperative mean corrected IOP was 15.3±5.2 mm Hg (P<0.05) at the last visit. The mean IOP reduction was 39.9% when the preoperative and postoperative values of the last visits were compared. The average number of antiglaucomatous drug use decreased from 3.9±0.3 to 1.7±1.7 postoperatively (P<0.05). The use of antiglaucomatous medications at the last visit was more than in other studies in the literature. The most common complication was conjunctival leakage, which was seen in 7 patients. Other early complications were iris touch, intravitreal hemorrhage, hyphema, choroidal effusion, early transient hypotonia and corneal edema. One of the late complications was endophthalmitis which was seen in one case 6mo after the operation, and the other late complication was opacification of the cornea in one patient. Twelve additional surgical operations associated to Ex-PRESS surgery and 3 bleb needling have done. At the last visit, the complete success rate was 32.3% and the qualified success rate was 77.5% in all patients. CONCLUSION: Ex-PRESS P200 glaucoma shunt implantation may be an effective procedure for medically uncontrolled glaucoma with significantly lower use of antiglaucomatous medications.

5.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 80(6): 373-377, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267573

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effects of 90° and 180° conjunctival rotational autograft (CRA) techniques used in primary pterygium surgery. METHODS: Forty-five patients were included in this retrospective study. Visual acuity (VA), corneal topography, and auto-refractometer measurements, as well as detailed biomicroscopic examinations, were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. During surgery, the pterygium tissue was excised then rotated 90° in Group 1 and180° in Group 2, after which it was sutured to the bare sclera. Pterygium recurrence was defined as corneal invasion ≥1 mm. RESULTS: Group 1 consisted of 21 patients with a mean age of 45.1 ± 11.8 years, while Group 2 comprised 24 patients with a mean age of 47.9 ± 13.8 years. The pterygia in Group 1 were graded as more advanced than those in Group 2. A similar number of recurrences were observed in Group 1 (14.3%) and in Group 2 (16.7%). There was no statistically significant difference in terms of the preoperative and postoperative VA and astigmatism values between the two groups. There was a statistically significant improvement in the postoperative VA and astigmatism values in Group 1 and in the postoperative astigmatism values in Group 2. Although postoperative redness was more common in Group 1, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups. CONCLUSION: BothCRA techniques can be successful in patients for whom it is desirable to avoid a conjunctival autograft and for patients without high cosmetic expectations.


Assuntos
Túnica Conjuntiva/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Pterígio/cirurgia , Autoenxertos , Topografia da Córnea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(6): 373-377, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888159

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the effects of 90° and 180° conjunctival rotational autograft (CRA) techniques used in primary pterygium surgery. Methods: Forty-five patients were included in this retrospective study. Visual acuity (VA), corneal topography, and auto-refractometer measurements, as well as detailed biomicroscopic examinations, were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. During surgery, the pterygium tissue was excised then rotated 90° in Group 1 and180° in Group 2, after which it was sutured to the bare sclera. Pterygium recurrence was defined as corneal invasion ≥1 mm. Results: Group 1 consisted of 21 patients with a mean age of 45.1 ± 11.8 years, while Group 2 comprised 24 patients with a mean age of 47.9 ± 13.8 years. The pterygia in Group 1 were graded as more advanced than those in Group 2. A similar number of recurrences were observed in Group 1 (14.3%) and in Group 2 (16.7%). There was no statistically significant difference in terms of the preoperative and postoperative VA and astigmatism values between the two groups. There was a statistically significant improvement in the postoperative VA and astigmatism values in Group 1 and in the postoperative astigmatism values in Group 2. Although postoperative redness was more common in Group 1, no statistically significant difference was found between the groups. Conclusion: BothCRA techniques can be successful in patients for whom it is desirable to avoid a conjunctival autograft and for patients without high cosmetic expectations.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos das técnicas de auto-enxerto rotacional de conjuntiva (CRA) de 90° e 180°, usadas na cirurgia de pterígio primário. Métodos: Quarenta e cinco pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo retrospectivo. Acuidade visual (AV) pré e pós-operatória, topografia da córnea, auto-refratometria e exames biomicroscópicos detalhados foram feitos. Durante a cirurgia, o tecido de pterígio foi excisado e o mesmo tecido foi girado 90° no Grupo 1 e 180° no Grupo 2, após o que foi suturado à esclera nua. A recorrência do pterígio foi definida como invasão da córnea ≥1 mm. Resultados: O Grupo 1 consistiu em 21 pacientes, cuja média de idade foi de 45,1 ± 11,8 anos e o Grupo 2 compreendeu 24 pacientes, cuja idade média foi de 47,9 ± 13,8 anos. O Grupo 1 teve maior frequência de pterígios classificados como mais avançada do que no Grupo 2. Um número similar de recorrências foi observado no Grupo 1 (14,3%) e no Grupo 2 (16,7%). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa em termos de valores pré e pós-operatórios de AV e astigmatismo entre dois grupos. Houve uma melhora estatisticamente significativa nos valores pós-operatórios de AV e astigmatismo no Grupo 1 e nos valores de astigmatismo pós-operatório no Grupo 2. Embora a vermelhidão pós-operatória tenha sido detectada mais comumente no Grupo 1, não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos. Conclusão: Ambas as técnicas de CRA podem ser bem sucedidas em pacientes onde é desejável evitar um auto-enxerto conjuntival livre e para quem a expectativa de cosméticos não é alta.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Pterígio/cirurgia , Túnica Conjuntiva/transplante , Recidiva , Acuidade Visual , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Topografia da Córnea , Autoenxertos
7.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 80(5): 277-280, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29160535

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate human beta-defensins (HBDs) and cathelicidin LL-37 (LL-37) expressions in patients with pterygium. METHODS: In this retrospective consecutive case series, 26 pterygium specimens and 15 normal conjunctival specimens of 15 control subjects were in vestigated. Expressions of HBD-1, HBD-2, HBD-3, and LL-37 were assessed using immuno histochemical staining. A brown color in the cytoplasm and/or nuclei of epithelial cells indicated positive staining for HBDs and LL-37. For each antibody, the intensity of the reaction (negative [-], weak [1+], moderate [2+], or strong [3+]) was determined to describe the immunoreactions. RESULTS: The median age was 52 years in both groups. There were no significant differences in age and sex between the groups (p=0.583, p=0.355, respectively). Of the 26 pterygium specimens, 15 (57.7%) (14 weak, 1 moderate staining) showed HBD-2 expression, which was not observed in any of the control specimens. One (3.8%) pterygium and one (6.7%) control specimen demonstrated weak staining for HBD-3. HBD-2 expression was significantly higher in the pterygium specimens than in the controls (p=0.002). None of the tissue specimens had positive staining for HBD-1 or LL-37 in either group (both; p=1.00). CONCLUSIONS: HBD-2 expression was higher in pterygium specimens than in the controls. HBD-2 expression that might be stimulated by inflammatory cytokines may be related to inflammation and fibrovascular proliferation and may play a role in pterygium pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/análise , Pterígio/metabolismo , beta-Defensinas/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Túnica Conjuntiva/química , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Catelicidinas
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(5): 277-280, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888148

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate human beta-defensins (HBDs) and cathelicidin LL-37 (LL-37) expressions in patients with pterygium. Methods: In this retrospective consecutive case series, 26 pterygium specimens and 15 normal conjunctival specimens of 15 control subjects were in vestigated. Expressions of HBD-1, HBD-2, HBD-3, and LL-37 were assessed using immuno histochemical staining. A brown color in the cytoplasm and/or nuclei of epithelial cells indicated positive staining for HBDs and LL-37. For each antibody, the intensity of the reaction (negative [-], weak [1+], moderate [2+], or strong [3+]) was determined to describe the immunoreactions. Results: The median age was 52 years in both groups. There were no significant differences in age and sex between the groups (p=0.583, p=0.355, respectively). Of the 26 pterygium specimens, 15 (57.7%) (14 weak, 1 moderate staining) showed HBD-2 expression, which was not observed in any of the control specimens. One (3.8%) pterygium and one (6.7%) control specimen demonstrated weak staining for HBD-3. HBD-2 expression was significantly higher in the pterygium specimens than in the controls (p=0.002). None of the tissue specimens had positive staining for HBD-1 or LL-37 in either group (both; p=1.00). Conclusions: HBD-2 expression was higher in pterygium specimens than in the controls. HBD-2 expression that might be stimulated by inflammatory cytokines may be related to inflammation and fibrovascular proliferation and may play a role in pterygium pathogenesis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar as expressões beta defensinas humanas (HBD) e catelicidina em pacientes com pterígio. Métodos: Nesta série de casos retrospectivos consecutivos, 26 espécimes de pterígio e 15 espécimes conjuntivais normais de 15 indivíduos controle foram investigados. As expressões de HBD-1, HBD-2, HBD-3 e catelicidina (LL-37) foram avaliadas por coloração imuno-histoquímica. Uma cor castanha no citoplasma ou nos núcleos de células epiteliais foi definida como coloração positiva para HBDs e LL-37. Para cada anticorpo foi determinada a intensidade da reação (negativo [-], fraco [1+], moderado [2+] ou forte [3+]) para descrever as imunoreações. Resultados: A idade média foi de 52 anos em ambos os grupos. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos em termos de idade e sexo (p=0,583, p=0,355, respectivamente). Das 26 amostras de pterígio, 15 (57,7%) (14 fracas e 1 moderada) demonstraram a expressão de HBD-2 enquanto não foi encontrada em nenhum dos espécimes de controlo. Um dos pterígios (3,8%) e um dos espécimes de controlo (6,7%) demonstraram fraca coloração para HBD-3. A expressão de HBD-2 foi significati vamente maior nos espécimes de pterígio do que nos controles (p=0,002). Nenhum dos espécimes de tecido apresentou coloração positiva para HBD-1 ou LL-37 em ambos os grupos (ambos p=1,00). Conclusão: Encontramos aumento da expressão de HBD-2 em espécimes de pte rígio em relação aos controles. A expressão de HBD-2 que pode ser estimulada por citocinas inflamatórias pode estar relacionada com inflamação e proliferação fibrovascular e pode desempenhar um papel na patogênese do pterígio.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Pterígio/metabolismo , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/análise , beta-Defensinas/análise , Valores de Referência , Biópsia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Túnica Conjuntiva/química
9.
Ophthalmic Genet ; 38(5): 428-433, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28145780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cilioretinal arteries (CAs) represent enlargements of microscopic and early established collaterals formed via vasculogenesis between choroidal and retinal circulations. We aimed to investigate whether genetic tendency to thrombosis due to well-known gene polymorphisms may induce CA vasculogenesis in embryonic life. METHODS: We assessed plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) 4G/5G, methylenetetrahydrofolatereductase (MTHFR), FACTOR V LEIDEN and PROTHROMBIN gene polymorphisms on 130 patients [82/48 females/males; Median age: 57 (18-84) with visible CAs and 100 (64/36: female/male; Median age: 55 (19-90)] without visible CAs. RESULTS: Using multiple logistic regression models, we found PAI-1 4G/5G; MTHFR (C677T and A1298C) polymorphisms to have significant effects on the probability of visible CAs, that having at least one 5G allele would increase the odds of having visible cilioretinal artery by 98.4% [Odds ratio: 1984 (95% CI: 1.320-3.000, p = 0.001)], and having at least one MTHFR C677T or A1298C allele would decrease the odds of having visible CAs by approximately 38% (OR = 0.618, 95% CI: 0.394-0.961, p = 0.035) or 44% (OR = 0.558, 95% CI: 0.354-0.871, p = 0.011), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to test the existence of significant association between presence of enlarged and visible CAs and genetic factors predisposing to thrombosis, according to the literature. Here we suggest that not only the lack of genetic predisposition to thrombosis by MTHFR gene polymorphisms, but also the PAI-1 5G allele might promote vasculogenesis of CAs.


Assuntos
Artérias Ciliares/patologia , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Artéria Retiniana/patologia , Neovascularização Retiniana/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Fator V/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Protrombina/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Trombose/genética , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cutan Ocul Toxicol ; 36(1): 48-51, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26878896

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the ocular findings in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as methotrexate (MTX) or MTX with biological agents. METHODS: One hundred and twelve eyes of 56 patients with RA and treated with MTX or MTX with biological agents were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups using DMARDs only (group 1) and patients using DMARDs and biologic agents together (group 2). In both groups; Schirmer's II test, tear film break-up time (tBUT), central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal volume (CV), intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, and anterior segment and fundus examinations of the eye with slit lamp were carried out. Ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score questionnaire were performed. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with a mean age of 53.00 ± 8.19 years were in group 1 and 18 patients with a mean age of 51.00 ± 9.54 years were in group 2. The mean duration of RA was 6.89 ± 7.96 years in group 1 and 5.70 ± 9.00 years in group 2. There was a statistically significant difference between two groups with tBUT, CCT, CV, IOP (p < 0.05) and there was no significant difference with age, sex, disease duration, disease activity, and Schirmer's II test (p > 0.05). The disease duration showed a significant moderate negative correlation with CCT and CV in group 2 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although tBUT values were significantly higher in the combination treatment group, CCT and CV values were significantly lower. Due to the decrease in corneal thickness, IOP was determined to be significantly lower.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Fatores Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Olho/efeitos dos fármacos , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Paquimetria Corneana , Olho/patologia , Olho/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Indometacina/uso terapêutico , Pressão Intraocular/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lágrimas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lágrimas/fisiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
Int Ophthalmol ; 37(4): 1039-1045, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27723007

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study is to compare the measurements of central corneal thickness (CCT) performed by two examiners with four different methods at different times inter- and intra-individually. METHODS: Thirty healthy people were included in the study. In these measurements, an optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR), an optic coherence tomography (OCT), a specular microscopy (SM), and a corneal topography (CT) were used. Two examiners performed the measurements in a consecutive manner. After 1-7 days of the first measurements, the second measurements were performed again consecutively. The mean of three measurements was taken in each session for all devices. RESULTS: In OCT measurements, there was a significant difference between two examiners in both sessions (p < 0.001), while no significant differences were found between two examiners in first and second sessions in SM, CT, and OLCR measurements. When each examiner's measurements were compared to two sessions, there were no significant differences (p > 0.05, for all) except the SM measurements of the first examiner (p = 0.041). When the first measurements of two examiners were compared, the smallest values were of OCT. At the first session of two examiners, there was a significant difference between OCT and CT measurements, and between OCT and OLCR (p < 0.001, p = 0.002 for the first examiner and p < 0.001 for the second examiner, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that CCT measurements made by CT and OLCR methods were almost same and highly correlated for both the examiners' measurements. CCTs measured by OCT were on average 30 µm thinner than CT and OLCR.


Assuntos
Córnea/anatomia & histologia , Paquimetria Corneana/instrumentação , Topografia da Córnea/instrumentação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/instrumentação , Adulto , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Int Ophthalmol ; 37(2): 385-390, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27259481

RESUMO

To evaluate medium-term outcomes of overminus lens treatment in patients with intermittent exotropia [X(T)]. A retrospective analysis was performed of the outcomes of 19 children with X(T) who were prescribed overminus lens (-2.00 to -4.00 D) for a median period of 18 months (6-33). The success was evaluated using two assessment methods: 1. Newcastle Control System (NCS), and 2. Jampolsky's assessment. The mean age of the patients was 6.8 ± 3.3 years (range 3-14 years). After the therapy, the median NCS score significantly improved from 5 to 1 (p < 0.001). Sixteen children (84 %) showed a NCS score of 2 or less after overminus lens treatment. According to Jampolsky's assessment, 84 % of the patients showed marked improvement from the baseline (47 % had qualitative improvement, 37 % quantitative decrease in the angle of deviation in addition to a qualitative improvement). The median pre-treatment distant angle decreased from 25 prism diopters (PD) to 18 PD after the treatment (p = 0.002). Overcorrecting minus lens treatment has a reasonable rate of success in the medium term and may be advised as primary therapeutic alternative for X(T). Both NCS and Jampolsky's scoring system appear to be useful and comparable for follow-up of patients with X(T).


Assuntos
Acomodação Ocular/fisiologia , Exotropia/terapia , Óculos , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exotropia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos Oculomotores/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Int Ophthalmol ; 37(1): 179-184, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27169419

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to present a practical method of marking the corneal astigmatic axis for the patient sitting at the slit-lamp before toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Eighteen eyes of 18 patients, who underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification, with an implantation of Acrysof toric IOL were included. We marked the astigmatic axis while the patient sitting at the slit-lamp before surgery. The patient was asked to look at a distant target at head height with the fellow eye. Using the rotator switch, the slit light of the slit-lamp was just turned on to the steep astigmatic meridian in the orthograde position. Then, two tips of the astigmatic meridian were marked with a marking pen, where the slit light crossed at the limbus 180° away. Preoperative corneal and postoperative refractive astigmatism values were compared. Uncorrected and corrected postoperative visual acuities (UDVA and BCVA) and IOL rotations at early and late periods were noted. The mean age and mean follow-up were 63.6 ± 14.6 years and 9.4 ± 5.3 months (range 3-16 months), respectively. Mean postoperative UDVA and BCVA at Snellen chart were 0.62 ± 0.21 and 0.82 ± 0.13, respectively. Mean preoperative keratometric and mean postoperative refractive astigmatism values were 2.48 ± 0.87 D and 0.66 ± 0.48 D, respectively. Reduction of astigmatism was significant (p < 0.01). The mean rotation at 1 week and that at last follow-up were 2.1° ± 3.1° and 2.3° ± 3.0°, respectively. Marking corneal astigmatic axis at slit-lamp is a simple and effective method in toric intraocular lens implantation. Surgeon does not need additional instrument except a slit-lamp and a marking pen, and can complete the marking task in just one setting.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Córnea/fisiopatologia , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Lentes Intraoculares , Microscopia com Lâmpada de Fenda/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Astigmatismo/fisiopatologia , Extração de Catarata , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
16.
Int Ophthalmol ; 37(1): 229-233, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27221264

RESUMO

We aimed to compare the measurements of central corneal thickness (CCT) and endothelial parameters with three different non-contact specular microscopy (SM) devices. Fifteen eyes of 15 healthy individuals (6 males; 9 females) were enrolled in the study. Mean age was 37.93 ± 15.13 years. Endothelial parameters and CCT were measured with Nidek CEM-530, Topcon SP-3000P, and Tomey EM-3000 SM devices by the same physician. Endothelial parameters included endothelial cell count (ECC), maximum, minimum, and average endothelial cell size. and hexagonality ratio. There were no statistically significant differences in ECC, CTT, and average endothelial size (AES) between the devices (p > 0.05). The measurement of maximum endothelial size (MES) was different between Nidek SM and Topcon SM devices (p = 0.001), but there was no difference in MES between Nidek SM and Tomey SM (p = 0.058), and between Topcon SM and Tomey SM (p = 0.081). There was no difference in minimum endothelial size (MinES) between Nidek SM and Topcon SM (p = 0.794); however, there was a significant difference in MinES between Tomey SM and Nidek SM (p < 0.001), and between Tomey SM and Topcon SM (p < 0.001). Comparison of hexagonality ratio showed statistically significant difference between the devices (p < 0.001). No significant differences in the measurements of ECC, CCT, and AES were detected between different SM devices, whereas a statistically significant difference in hexagonality ratio was detected between the devices. These devices should not be used alternatively in the endothelial morphology assessment in patient's follow-up.


Assuntos
Córnea/anatomia & histologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Oftalmológico/instrumentação , Endotélio Corneano/anatomia & histologia , Microscopia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Contagem de Células , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Endotélio Corneano/citologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arq Bras Oftalmol ; 79(5): 330-332, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982215

RESUMO

We present the case of a 31-year-old patient with toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) that developed after undergoing deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). She had keratoconus, and despite wearing hard contact lenses for many years in the left eye, her vision had deteriorated; therefore, DALK was performed on this eye. The preoperative visual acuity (VA) was finger counting at 3 m. Routine DALK was performed using the "big-bubble" technique. The corneal entry incision was hydrated at the end of the surgery, which was terminated by air injection into the anterior chamber. On postoperative day 1, VA was at the level of hand movements, and the cornea was edematous. Topical high-dose dexamethasone and oral steroids were initiated considering the diagnosis of TASS. Subsequently, the patient's VA increased, and the corneal edema decreased. We believe that the use of re-sterilized cannulas may have been the likely cause of TASS. Although DALK can be performed without interfering with the anterior chamber, one should keep in mind that TASS may occur in response to the solution used to hydrate the incision site and the air injected into the anterior chamber.


Assuntos
Segmento Anterior do Olho/patologia , Transplante de Córnea/efeitos adversos , Endoftalmite/etiologia , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Edema , Endoftalmite/tratamento farmacológico , Endoftalmite/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratocone/cirurgia , Síndrome , Acuidade Visual
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(5): 330-332, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-827977

RESUMO

ABSTRACT We present the case of a 31-year-old patient with toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) that developed after undergoing deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). She had keratoconus, and despite wearing hard contact lenses for many years in the left eye, her vision had deteriorated; therefore, DALK was performed on this eye. The preoperative visual acuity (VA) was finger counting at 3 m. Routine DALK was performed using the "big-bubble" technique. The corneal entry incision was hydrated at the end of the surgery, which was terminated by air injection into the anterior chamber. On postoperative day 1, VA was at the level of hand movements, and the cornea was edematous. Topical high-dose dexamethasone and oral steroids were initiated considering the diagnosis of TASS. Subsequently, the patient's VA increased, and the corneal edema decreased. We believe that the use of re-sterilized cannulas may have been the likely cause of TASS. Although DALK can be performed without interfering with the anterior chamber, one should keep in mind that TASS may occur in response to the solution used to hydrate the incision site and the air injected into the anterior chamber.


RESUMO Apresentamos o relato de uma paciente com 31 anos de idade, que desenvolveu síndrome tóxica do segmento anterior (TASS) após o procedimento de transplante lamelar anterior profundo (DALK). Ela apresentava ceratocone e, apesar de ter usado lentes de contato rígidas por muitos anos no olho esquerdo, apresentou deterioração da visão nesse olho que foi submetido a procedimento DALK. A acuidade visual (VA) era de conta dedos a três metros. O procedimento DALK de rotina foi realizado utilizando técnica de bolha grande (Big Bubble). A incisão de entrada da córnea foi hidratada ao final da cirurgia que foi terminada com a injeção de ar na câmara anterior. No primeiro dia de pós-operatório a VA era de percepção de movimentos da mão e a córnea estava edemaciada. Dexametasona tópica em alta dose e esteróides orais foram iniciadas ao se considerar o diagnóstico de TASS. Acreditamos que o uso de cânulas reesterilizadas podem ter sido a causa provável da TASS. A VA melhorou e o edema da córnea do diminuiu durante a evolução. Embora o procedimento DALK foi realizado sem interferir com câmara anterior, deve-se ter em mente que TASS pode ocorrer com a solução utilizada para hidratar o local da incisão e o ar injetado na câmara anterior.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Endoftalmite/etiologia , Transplante de Córnea/efeitos adversos , Segmento Anterior do Olho/patologia , Síndrome , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Acuidade Visual , Endoftalmite/patologia , Endoftalmite/tratamento farmacológico , Edema , Ceratocone/cirurgia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(5,supl.1): 122-124, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-837945

RESUMO

Abstract A 40-year-old female patient with a 5-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus was referred to our policlinic with complaints of erythema, atrophy, and telangiectasia on the upper eyelids for 8 months. No associated mucocutaneous lesion was present. Biopsy taken by our ophthalmology department revealed discoid lupus erythematosus. Topical tacrolimus was augmented to the systemic therapeutic regimen of the patient, which consisted of continuous antimalarial treatment and intermittent corticosteroid drugs. We observed no remission in spite of the 6-month supervised therapy. Periorbital discoid lupus erythematosus is very unusual and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of erythematous lesions of the periorbital area..


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/patologia , Doenças Palpebrais/patologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Biópsia , Tacrolimo/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Raras , Pálpebras/patologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico
20.
J Refract Surg ; 32(9): 586-97, 2016 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27598728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review sutureless intrascleral intraocular lens (IOL) fixation methods. METHODS: Review of published literature. RESULTS: Sutureless intrascleral IOL fixation methods are newer and have been developed to eliminate the suture-related complications of sutured scleral fixation methods such as suture-induced inflammation or infection and IOL dislocation or subluxation due to suture degradation or suture breakage. Sutureless intrascleral fixation methods aim for intrascleral haptic fixation to achieve stability of the IOL. Various methods of sutureless scleral fixation have been described. Using a needle, a blade, or a trochar, sclerostomies are created in all techniques for intraocular access. Some surgeons prefer to create scleral tunnels, whereas others use scleral flaps for scleral fixation of haptics. The stability of IOLs is attained by the scar tissue formed around the haptics. CONCLUSIONS: Short-term results of these new methods are acceptable; studies including more cases with longer follow-up are needed to determine their long-term success. [J Cataract Refract Surg. 2016;32(9):586-597.].


Assuntos
Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Esclera/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Humanos , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
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