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1.
Mol Pharm ; 21(4): 1804-1816, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466359

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is a significant pathological event involving the neurodegenerative process associated with many neurological disorders. Diagnosis and treatment of neuroinflammation in its early stage are essential for the prevention and management of neurological diseases. Herein, we designed macrophage membrane-coated photoacoustic (PA) probes (MSINPs), with targeting specificities based on naturally existing target-ligand interactions for the early diagnosis of neuroinflammation. The second near-infrared dye, IR1061, was doped into silica as the core and was encapsulated with a macrophage membrane. In vitro as well as in vivo, the MSINPs could target inflammatory cells via the inflammation chemotactic effect. PA imaging was used to trace the MSINPs in a neuroinflammation mouse model and showed a great targeted effect of MSINPs in the prefrontal cortex. Therefore, the biomimetic nanoprobe prepared in this study offers a new strategy for PA molecular imaging of neuroinflammation, which can enhance our understanding of the evolution of neuroinflammation in specific brain regions.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Camundongos , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Biomimética , Imagem Óptica
2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(7): 4620-4631, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330912

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is highly lethal. New diagnostic and treatment modalities are desperately needed. We report here that an expanded porphyrin, cyclo[8]pyrrole (CP), with a high extinction coefficient (89.16 L/g·cm) within the second near-infrared window (NIR-II), may be formulated with an αvß3-specific targeting peptide, cyclic-Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD), to form cRGD-CP nanoparticles (cRGD-CPNPs) with promising NIR-II photothermal (PT) therapeutic and photoacoustic (PA) imaging properties. Studies with a ring-array PA tomography system, coupled with analysis of control nanoparticles lacking a targeting element (CPNPs), revealed that cRGD conjugation promoted the delivery of the NPs through abnormal vessels around the tumor to the solid tumor core. This proved true in both subcutaneous and orthotopic pancreatic tumor mice models, as confirmed by immunofluorescent studies. In combination with NIR-II laser photoirradiation, the cRGD-CPNPs provided near-baseline tumor growth inhibition through PTT both in vitro and in vivo. Notably, the combination of the present cRGD-CPNPs and photoirradiation was found to inhibit intra-abdominal metastases in an orthotopic pancreatic tumor mouse model. The cRGD-CPNPs also displayed good biosafety profiles, as inferred from PA tomography, blood analyses, and H&E staining. They thus appear promising for use in combined PA imaging and PT therapeutic treatment of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Camundongos , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Nanopartículas/química , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fototerapia
3.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(1): 59-76, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223179

RESUMO

Hypoxia is a critical tumor microenvironment (TME) component. It significantly impacts tumor growth and metastasis and is known to be a major obstacle for cancer therapy. Integrating hypoxia modulation with imaging-based monitoring represents a promising strategy that holds the potential for enhancing tumor theranostics. Herein, a kind of nanoenzyme Prussian blue (PB) is synthesized as a metal-organic framework (MOF) to load the second near-infrared (NIR-II) small molecule dye IR1061, which could catalyze hydrogen peroxide to produce oxygen and provide a photothermal conversion element for photoacoustic imaging (PAI) and photothermal therapy (PTT). To enhance stability and biocompatibility, silica was used as a coating for an integrated nanoplatform (SPI). SPI was found to relieve the hypoxic nature of the TME effectively, thus suppressing tumor cell migration and downregulating the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), both of which led to an amplified NIR-II PTT effect in vitro and in vivo, guided by the NIR-II PAI. Furthermore, label-free multi-spectral PAI permitted the real-time evaluation of SPI as a putative tumor treatment. A clinical histological analysis confirmed the amplified treatment effect. Hence, SPI combined with PAI could offer a new approach for tumor diagnosing, treating, and monitoring.

4.
Adv Mater ; 36(4): e2308780, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37983859

RESUMO

Hypoxia, a prominent hallmark of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), undermines curative outcomes, elevates recurrence rates, and fosters metastasis, particularly during photodynamic therapy (PDT) in clinical settings. Studies indicate that alleviating tumor hypoxia enhances PDT efficacy. However, persistent challenges, including suboptimal oxygen delivery efficiency and absence of real-time feedback on blood oxygen fluctuations during PDT, considerably impede therapeutic efficacy in tumor treatment. This study addresses these issues using near-infrared-II (NIR-II) photoacoustic (PA) imaging for tumor-targeted oxygen delivery and controlled release. For this purpose, a biomimetic oxygen delivery system designated BLICP@O2 is developed, which utilizes hybrid tumor cell membranes and thermosensitive liposomes as oxygen carriers, incorporating the NIR-II dye IR1048, photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6), and perfluorohexane. Upon sequential irradiation at 1064 and 690 nm, BLICP@O2 exhibits significant photothermal and photodynamic effects. Photothermal heating triggers oxygen release, enhancing the photodynamic effect of Ce6. Blood oxygen changes during PDT are tracked by multispectral PA imaging. Enhanced PDT efficacy, mediated by hypoxia relief, is convincingly demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. This work presents an imaging-guided, dual-wavelength programmed cascaded treatment strategy for tumor-targeted oxygen delivery and controlled release, with real-time efficacy monitoring using PA imaging, offering valuable insights for overcoming challenges in PDT-based cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Nanopartículas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Oxigênio , Hipóxia
5.
Small Methods ; 7(11): e2300678, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37526322

RESUMO

In addition to inhibiting persistent inflammation, phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted from chromosome 10 (PTEN) is known as an important therapeutic target for alleviating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptoms. Modulation of PTEN gene expression in synovial tissue using messenger RNA (mRNA) is a promising approach to combat RA. However, mRNA therapeutics are often hampered by unsatisfactory stability and inefficient localization in synovial tissue. In this study, a genetically engineered biomimetic membrane-coated mRNA (MR@P-mPTEN) carrier that effectively delivers mRNA-PTEN (mPTEN) directly to the RA joint is presented. By overexpressing tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) receptors on macrophage biomimetic membranes via plasmid transfection, decoys that reduce inflammatory pathway activation are prepared for TNF-α. The resulting construct, MR@P-mPTEN, shows good stability and RA targeting based on in vivo fluorescence imaging. It is also found that MR@P-mPTEN competitively binds TNF-α and activates the PTEN pathway in vitro and in vivo, thereby inhibiting synovitis and joint damage. Clinical micro-computed tomography and histological analyses confirm the treatment effects. These results suggest that the genetically engineered biomimetic therapeutic platform MR@P-mPTEN both inhibits pro-inflammatory cytokines and upregulates PTEN protein expression to alleviate RA damage, providing a new a new combination strategy for RA treatment.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Humanos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/uso terapêutico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Biomimética , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Biomed Opt Express ; 14(7): 3610-3621, 2023 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37497492

RESUMO

Preoperative assessment of liver function reserve (LFR) is essential for determining the extent of liver resection and predicting the prognosis of patients with liver disease. In this paper, we present a real-time, handheld photoacoustic imaging (PAI) system-based noninvasive approach for rapid LFR assessment. A linear-array ultrasound transducer was sealed in a housing filled with water; its front end was covered with a plastic wrap. This PAI system was first implemented on phantoms to confirm that the photoacoustic (PA) intensity of indocyanine green (ICG) in blood reflects the concentration of ICG in blood. In vivo studies on normal rabbits and rabbits with liver fibrosis were carried out by recording the dynamic PA signal of ICG in their jugular veins. By analyzing the PA intensity-time curve, a clear difference was identified in the pharmacokinetic behavior of ICG between the two groups. In normal rabbits, the mean ICG clearance rate obtained by PAI at 15 min after administration (PAI-R15) was below 21.6%, whereas in rabbits with liver fibrosis, PAI-R15 exceeded 62.0% because of poor liver metabolism. The effectiveness of the proposed method was further validated by the conventional ICG clearance test and pathological examination. Our findings suggest that PAI is a rapid, noninvasive, and convenient method for LFR assessment and has immense potential for assisting clinicians in diagnosing and managing patients with liver disease.

7.
J Orthop Translat ; 40: 49-57, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37346290

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this work is to investigate how the Rho family of GTPases A (RhoA) mediates the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS). Methods: The expression of RhoA in the synovial tissues of RA and Healthy people (Control) was detected using immunohistochemistry methods. The expression of RhoA and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is inhibited by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). The inhibition effect on RA-FLS migration was further investigated. The protein expression level of HIF-1α, RhoA, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), and myosin light chain (MLC) was also analysed using western blotting (WB). DBA1 mice were immunised with the mixture of bovine type II collagen and Freund's adjuvant to establish collagen induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model. Lip-siRhoA is administered through joint injection every two days. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) was used to detect mouse ankle joint destruction and evaluate the bone loss of the periarticular side. Destruction of the ankle articular cartilage was tested by histology. Expressions of P-RhoA, P-FAK and P-MLC in the ankle joint was detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Results: The expression level of RhoA in the synovial tissues of RA patients was significantly higher than that in control group. Hypoxia was able to up-regulate the expression of RhoA. Whereas, HIF-1α siRNA (siHIF-1α) could down-regulate the expression of RhoA. Additionally, both of siHIF-1α and RhoA siRNA (siRhoA) delivered by liposome (Lip-siHIF-1α and Lip-siRhoA) were found to suppress FAK and MLC phosphorylation in vitro. In CIA mouse model, Lip-siRhoA was demonstrated to ameliorate the destruction of ankle joint and reduce the severity of ankle joint cartilage damage by micro-CT and histological staining, respectively. Therefore, inhibition of FLS cell migration can protect articular bone from destruction. Furthermore, the expression of P-RhoA, P-FAK and P-MLC was evaluated and found to be down-regulated by Lip-siRhoA in vivo. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that under hypoxic environment, HIF-1α dependent RhoA pathway played an important role on cytoskeleton remodelling and RA-FLS migration. Through down-regulating RhoA expression, it could effectively treat RA in vitro and in vivo. The translational potential of this article: Our study provides new evidence for the potential clinical application of RhoA as a candidate for the treatment of RA.

8.
Mol Pharm ; 20(8): 4108-4119, 2023 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37349264

RESUMO

Ulinastatin is commonly used in the clinic to treat acute pancreatitis (AP), but its therapeutic effect was limited by the presence of the blood-pancreas barrier (BPB) and low specificity. Here, we prepared a macrophage biomimetic nanoparticle (MU) that delivered ulinastatin to address the above issues. Macrophage membrane was used as a shell for a mixture of PEG-PLGA and ulinastatin. It was found that MU showed good stability and biocompatibility in vitro and in vivo. According to in vivo fluorescence imaging, MU displayed a great inflammation targeting effect both in a subcutaneous inflammation model and in situ pancreatitis mouse model, which was ascribed to the presence of adhesion proteins. In vitro and in vivo results demonstrated that MU have a superior AP treatment effect by inhibiting pro-inflammatory factors and keeping cells viability. It was suggested the MU could provide a new strategy for targeted AP treatment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Pancreatite , Animais , Camundongos , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Biomimética , Inflamação
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(43): e2213373119, 2022 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256822

RESUMO

The high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) microenvironment (RAM) and its persistent inflammatory nature can promote damage to joints, bones, and the synovium. Targeting strategies that integrate effective RAM regulation with imaging-based monitoring could lead to improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of RA. Here, we report the combined use of small interfering RNAs (siRNAsT/I) and Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) to silence the expression of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α/IL-6 and scavenge the ROS associated with RAM. To enhance the in vitro and in vivo biological stability, biocompatibility, and targeting capability of the siRNAsT/I and PBNPs, macrophage membrane vesicles were used to prepare biomimetic nanoparticles, M@P-siRNAsT/I. The resulting constructs were found to suppress tumor necrosis factor-α/interleukin-6 expression and overcome the hypoxic nature of RAM, thus alleviating RA-induced joint damage in a mouse model. The M@P-siRNAsT/I of this study could be monitored via near-infrared photoacoustic (PA) imaging. Moreover, multispectral PA imaging without the need for labeling permitted the real-time evaluation of M@P-siRNAsT/I as a putative RA treatment. Clinical microcomputed tomography and histological analysis confirmed the effectiveness of the treatment. We thus suggest that macrophage-biomimetic M@P-siRNAsT/I and their analogs assisted by PA imaging could provide a new strategy for RA diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Nanopartículas , Camundongos , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Biomimética , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/uso terapêutico
10.
Mol Biol Rep ; 49(6): 4607-4617, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286519

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Kaempferol is a natural flavonoid that has been reported to be active against many cancers, including prostate cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer. In our previous study, we found kaempferol could act as a selective androgen receptor modulator, thereby suppress development of benign prostatic hyperplasia. This finding inspired us to further explore the effect and the mechanism of action of kaempferol on prostate cancer. METHODS: Plate clone formation assay was performed to detect the effect of kaempferol on cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was used to detect the impact of kaempferol on cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution. qPCR, immunofluorescence staining, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect the expression of gene and protein of Ki67 which is a biomarker of cell proliferation. RESULTS: In the present study, we found kaempferol could dramatically suppress androgen-dependent and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells proliferation and induce their apoptosis. Furthermore, we found that kaempferol induced cell cycle to be arrested at G1 phase in 22Rv1 cells but at S and G2 phase in PC-3 cells. In addition, we detected the mRNA and protein of Ki67 which is corresponding to the cell proliferation and found that kaempferol could significantly inhibit Ki67 expression at mRNA level but increase its expression at protein levels in both androgen-dependent and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. CONCLUSION: Taken together, kaempferol inhibited the proliferation of androgen-dependent and androgen-independent prostate cancer cells by regulating the expression of Ki67. These findings further shed light on the mechanism of action of kaempferol on anti-prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Androgênios , Neoplasias da Próstata , Androgênios/metabolismo , Androgênios/farmacologia , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(8)2022 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35193966

RESUMO

Photoacoustic (PA) imaging offers promise for biomedical applications due to its ability to image deep within biological tissues while providing detailed molecular information; however, its detection sensitivity is limited by high background signals that arise from endogenous chromophores. Genetic reporter proteins with photoswitchable properties enable the removal of background signals through the subtraction of PA images for each light-absorbing form. Unfortunately, the application of photoswitchable chromoproteins for tumor-targeted imaging has been hampered by the lack of an effective targeted delivery scheme; that is, photoswitchable probes must be delivered in vivo with high targeting efficiency and specificity. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a tumor-targeting delivery system in which tumor-homing bacteria (Escherichia coli) are exploited as carriers to affect the point-specific delivery of genetically encoded photochromic probes to the tumor area. To improve the efficiency of the desired background suppression, we engineered a phytochrome-based reporter protein (mDrBphP-PCMm/F469W) that displays higher photoswitching contrast than those in the current state of the art. Photoacoustic computed tomography was applied to achieve good depth and resolution in the context of in vivo (mice) imaging. The present system effectively integrates a genetically encoded phytochrome-based reporter protein, PA imaging, and synthetic biology (GPS), to achieve essentially background-suppressed tumor-targeted PA monitoring in deep-seated tissues. The ability to image tumors at substantial depths may enable target-specific cancer diagnoses to be made with greater sensitivity, fidelity, and specificity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Fitocromo/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Escherichia coli , Feminino , Genes Reporter/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Fitocromo/farmacologia , Análise Espectral/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
12.
Front Chem ; 9: 695511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368079

RESUMO

Transition-metal chalcogenide compounds with facile preparation and multifunctional elements act as ideal photothermal agents for cancer theranostics. This work synthesizes Cu7.2S4/5MoS2 composite nanoflowers and investigates the crystal growth mechanism to optimize the synthesis strategy and obtain excellent photothermal therapy agents. Cu7.2S4/5MoS2 exhibits a high photothermal conversion efficiency of 58.7% and acts as a theranostic nanoplatform and demonstrated an effective photothermal-chemodynamic-photodynamic synergetic therapeutic effect in both in vitro and in vivo tests. Moreover, Cu7.2S4/5MoS2 shows strong photoacoustic signal amplitudes and computed tomographic contrast enhancement in vivo. These results suggest a potential application of Cu7.2S4/5MoS2 composite nanoflowers as photo/H2O2-responsive therapeutic agents against tumors.

13.
Chem Sci ; 12(29): 9916-9921, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377389

RESUMO

Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) relies on the use of contrast agents with high molar absorptivity in the NIR-I/NIR-II region. Expanded porphyrins, synthetic analogues of natural tetrapyrrolic pigments (e.g. heme and chlorophyll), constitute as potentially attractive platforms due to their NIR-II absorptivity and their ability to respond to stimuli. Here, we evaluate two expanded porphyrins, naphthorosarin (1) and octaphyrin (4), as stimuli responsive PA contrast agents for functional PAI. Both undergo proton-coupled electron transfer to produce species that absorb well in the NIR-II region. Octaphyrin (4) was successfully encapsulated into 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-poly(ethylene glycol) (DSPE-PEG2000) nanoparticles to afford OctaNPs. In combination with PAI, OctaNPs allowed changes in the acidic environment of the stomach to be visualized and cancerous versus healthy tissues to be discriminated.

14.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 73(10): 1810-1819, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular mechanism of hypoxia-induced rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblast (RASF) activation via Notch-1 and Notch-3 signaling, and to evaluate its potential as a therapeutic target. METHODS: Expression of Notch-1 intracellular domain (N1ICD), N3ICD, and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) was assessed by immunhistology in synovial tissue from patients with RA. RASFs were cultured under hypoxic conditions and normoxic conditions with or without small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), and N1ICD and N3ICD were overexpressed under normoxic conditions. Rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were administered LY411575 (inhibitor of N1ICD and N3ICD) for 15 days and 28 days, and its therapeutic efficacy was assessed by histologic and radiologic evaluation of the rat synovial tissue, and by analysis of inflammatory cytokine production in the serum of rats. RESULTS: N1ICD, N3ICD, and HIF-1α were expressed abundantly in the synovial tissue of RA patients. HIF-1α was shown to directly regulate the expression of Notch-1 and Notch-3 genes under hypoxic conditions. Moreover, hypoxia-induced N1ICD and N3ICD expression in RASFs was blocked by HIF-1α siRNA. Notch-1 siRNA and Notch-3 siRNA inhibited hypoxia-induced RASF invasion and angiogenesis in vitro, whereas overexpression of N1ICD and N3ICD promoted these processes. In addition, Notch-1 was shown to regulate RASF migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition under hypoxic conditions, whereas Notch-3 was shown to regulate the processes of anti-apoptosis and autophagy. Furthermore, in vivo studies in rats with CIA showed that the N1ICD and N3ICD inhibitor LY411575 had a therapeutic effect in terms of ameliorating the symptoms and severity of the disease. CONCLUSION: This study identified a functional link between HIF-1α, Notch-1, and Notch-3 signaling in regulating activation of RASFs and the processes involved in the pathogenesis of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Receptor Notch3/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/farmacologia , Animais , Azepinas/farmacologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Membrana Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22698, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endometriosis (EMT) is one of the common diseases of women of childbearing age. EMT destroys the anatomical structure of the pelvis, which leads to abnormal ovulation and endocrine abnormalities. It also affects embryo implantation and makes patients infertile. Recently, it is confirmed that Chinese medicine also have an excellent clinical efficacy on EMT. Compared with the conventional western medicine treatment, it effectively relieve pain and other concomitant symptoms. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following databases will be searched for relevant information before July 2020: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and CNKI. MAJOR RESULTS: the overall effective rate, VAS score. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: blood serum estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH), adverse events. Data will be collected independently by 2 researchers, and the risk of bias in meta-analysis will be evaluated according to "Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions". All data analysis will be conducted using Review Manager V.5.3. and Stata V.12.0. RESULTS: The curative effect and safety of Chinese herbal compound prescription treatment for EMT patients will be evaluated systematically. CONCLUSION: The systematic review of this study will summarize the currently published evidence of Chinese herbal compound prescription treatment for EMT to further guide its promotion and application. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OPEN SCIENCE FRAMEWORK (OSF) REGISTRATION NUMBER:: https://osf.io/p5nrk.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Endometriose , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Feminino , Humanos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Metanálise como Assunto
16.
Theranostics ; 10(23): 10448-10465, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929359

RESUMO

Rationale: Insufficient penetration and accumulation of theranostic payloads in solid tumors greatly challenge the clinical translation of cancer nanomedicines. To address this challenge, we synthesized natural melanin-cored and doxorubicin-loaded perfluoropentane nanodroplets with good biocompatibility and self-assembling ability. Methods: We used an opto-acoustic synergistic irradiation (OASI) method that was effective at lower energy levels than ultrasound- or laser-only irradiation to safely vaporize the nanodroplets and to cavitate the generated microbubbles for mechanically enhancing intratumoral delivery. The delivered melanin and doxorubicin inside the tumors mediated secondary chemo-photothermal therapy under laser irradiation to fully kill cancer cells. Results:In vivo animal experiments demonstrated direct mechanical disruption of tumor structures (H&E staining), enhanced intratumoral penetration of melanin (photoacoustic imaging), and efficient intratumoral accumulation of doxorubicin (fluorescent imaging). Anti-tumor experiments demonstrated that the nanodroplets combined with OASI treatment and subsequent laser irradiation could efficiently eliminate melanoma tumors. Conclusion: Melanin-cored and doxorubicin-loaded perfluoropentane nanodroplets hold great promise for translational sono-chemo-photothermal cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/efeitos da radiação , Microbolhas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/terapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Feminino , Fluorocarbonos/química , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Melaninas/química , Melaninas/efeitos da radiação , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/patologia , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Volatilização/efeitos da radiação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(38): 16156-16160, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914968

RESUMO

The NIR absorptivity of the metallotexaphyrin derivatives MMn, MGd, and MLu for photoacoustic (PA)-based imaging is explored in this study. All three complexes demonstrated excellent photostabilities; however, MMn provided the greatest PA signal intensities in both doubly distilled water and RAW 264.7 cells. In vivo experiments using a prostate tumor mouse model were performed. MMn displayed no adverse toxicity to major organs as inferred from hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and cell blood count testing. MMn also allowed for PA-based imaging of tumors with excellent in vivo stability to provide 3D tumor diagnostic information. Based on the present findings and previous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, we believe MMn may have a role to play either as a stand-alone PA contrast agent or as a single molecule dual modal (PA and MR) imaging agent for tumor diagnosis.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Manganês/química , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Porfirinas/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/diagnóstico por imagem , Células RAW 264.7
18.
Adv Mater ; 32(37): e2003399, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743864

RESUMO

The progressive debilitating nature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) combined with its unknown etiology and initial similarity to other inflammatory diseases makes early diagnosis a significant challenge. Early recognition and treatment of RA is essential for achieving effective therapeutic outcome. NIR-II photoacoustic (PA) molecular imaging (PMI) is emerging as a promising new strategy for effective diagnosis and treatment guidance of RA, owing to its high sensitivity and specificity at large penetration depth. Herein, an antirheumatic targeted drug tocilizumab (TCZ) is conjugated to polymer nanoparticles (PNPs) to develop the first NIR-II theranostic nanoplatform, named TCZ-PNPs, for PA-imaging-guided therapy of RA. The TCZ-PNPs are demonstrated to have strong NIR-II extinction coefficient, high photostability and excellent biocompatibility. NIR-II PMI results reveal the excellent targeting abilities of TCZ-PNPs for the effective noninvasive diagnosis of RA joint tissue with a high signal-to noise ratio (SNR) of 35.8 dB in 3D PA tomography images. Remarkably, one-month treatment and PA monitoring using TCZ-PNPs shows RA is significantly suppressed. In addition, the therapeutic evaluation of RA mice by NIR-II PMI is shown to be consistent with clinical micro-CT and histological analysis. The TCZ-PNPs-assisted NIR-II PMI provides a new strategy for RA theranostics, therapeutic monitoring and the beyond.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas/química , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Polímeros/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/química , Humanos , Nanomedicina , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Microtomografia por Raio-X
19.
Theranostics ; 10(10): 4694-4704, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32292523

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of using noninvasive photoacoustic imaging technology along with novel semiconducting polymer nanoparticles for in vivo identifying inflammatory components in carotid atherosclerosis and assessing the severity of inflammation using mouse models. Methods and Results: Healthy carotid arteries and atherosclerotic carotid arteries were imaged in vivo by the noninvasive photoacoustic imaging system. Molecular probes PBD-CD36 were used to label the inflammatory cells to show the inflammation information by photoacoustic imaging. In in vivo imaging experiments, we observed the maximum photoacoustic signal enhancement of 4.3, 5.2, 8 and 16.3 times between 24 h post probe injection and that before probe injection in four carotid arteries belonging to three atherosclerotic mice models. In the corresponding carotid arteries stained with CD36, the ratio of 0.043, 0.061, 0.082 and 0.113 was found between CD36 positive (CD36(+)) expression area and intima-media area (P < 0.05). For the CD36(+) expression less than 0.008 in eight arteries, no photoacoustic signal enhancement was found due to the limited system sensitivity. The photoacoustic signal reflects CD36(+) expression in plaques, which shows the feasibility of using photoacoustic imaging for in vivo assessment of carotid atherosclerosis. Conclusion: This research demonstrates a semiconducting polymer nanoparticle along with photoacoustic technology for noninvasive imaging and assessment of inflammation of carotid atherosclerotic plaques in vivo.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Imagem/instrumentação , Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Animais , Antígenos CD36/metabolismo , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Viabilidade , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE , Sondas Moleculares/metabolismo , Sondas Moleculares/ultraestrutura , Polímeros , Pontos Quânticos
20.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 19: 1330-1342, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160704

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) as a transcription factor in response to hypoxia suggests that it could be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of RA. In this study, we assessed whether the HIF pathway blockade attenuates the manifestations of RA in the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. We constructed a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) lentiviral expression vector targeting HIF-1α (pLVX-shRNA-HIF-1α) and to achieve HIF-1α RNA interference. Quantitative RT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining, and western blot were used to detect the expressions of HIF-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phsopho (p)-p65, and p-IКBɑ mRNA and protein, respectively. Micro-computed tomography was used to investigate joint morphology at different time points after CIA induction. Moreover, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to monitor the expression of inflammatory cytokines. In vitro analyses revealed that pLVX-shRNA-HIF-1α effectively inhibited the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF and led to the activation of p-65 and p-IКBɑ, as well as decreased proinflammatory cytokine expression in cell culture. Inhibition of HIF-1α in rats decreased signs of a systemic inflammatory condition, together with decreased pathological changes of RA. Moreover, downregulation of HIF-1α expression markedly reduced the synovitis and angiogenesis. In conclusion, we have shown that pharmacological inhibition of HIF-1 may improve the clinical manifestations of RA.

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