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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121068, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472469

RESUMO

The plant microbiome represents a crucial pathway for human exposure to environmental antibiotic resistance. However, little information is available regarding the plant associated resistome in human-related environments at a larger scale. Here, by high-throughput quantitative-PCR chip-based array and amplicon sequencing, we characterized antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and bacterial communities in plant and soil microbiomes from human highly disturbed peri-urban farmland and less disturbed forest at a watershed scale. A total of 71 ARGs were detected in the phyllosphere, which covered almost all the major recognized classes of antibiotics that are administered commonly to humans and animals. The overall pattern of the plant associated resistome in intensive anthropogenic influenced farmland was significantly different from that of forest environments (PERMANOVA, P < 0.01), indicating that agricultural activities might be important drivers in shaping the plant resistome. A bipartite network analysis suggested that all ARGs detected in the plant microbiome were also present in the soil microbiome. Together, our findings provide a better understanding of the plant resistome and suggest that land use is a key contributor to the composition of ARG profiles in the plant phyllosphere, and that the soil resistome may represent a critical reservoir of plant associated ARGs.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(6): 3512-3518, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748045

RESUMO

Highly efficient and effective porous ZnO nanorod arrays were fabricated by annealing ZnO nanorod arrays grown on a substrate using a simple hydrothermal method. The annealing had a positive effect on the nanorod morphology, structure and optical properties. The porosity was closely related to the annealing temperature. After heating at 450 °C, pores appeared on the nanorods. It was demonstrated that the porosity could be exploited to improve the visible light absorption of ZnO and reduce the bandgap from 3.11 eV to 2.99 eV. A combination of improved charge separation and transport of the heat-treated ZnO thus led to an increase in the photoelectrochemical properties. At an irradiation intensity of 100 mW/cm-2, the photocurrent density of the porous nanorod array was approximately 1.3 mA cm-2 at 1.2 V versus Ag/AgCl, which was five times higher than that of the ZnO nanorods. These results revealed the synthesis of promising porous ZnO nanorods for photoelectrochemical applications.

3.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(3): 035501, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585446

RESUMO

Planar bismuthene grown on SiC substrate provides a promising candidate to engineer van der Waals double-layer (DL) made of two dimensional (2D) topological insulators. We perform systematical calculations in DL hydrogenated bismuthene (H-Bi) that can be used to simulate the experimentally grown planar bismuthene to explore realizable 2D topological insulator van der Waals DL. Two possible geometry configurations of AA- and AB-stacked DL H-Bi are investigated. Due to pseudo Jahn-Teller effect, AB-stacked DL H-Bi has a strong interlayer coupling interaction and shows buckled lattice. Particularly, both AA- and AB-stacked DL H-Bi are topologically trivial rather than topologically nontrivial. The physical origin of the trivial topology is clarified by analyzing orbital composition. We discuss how the electronic properties are modified by interlayer coupling, external strain, and metal atom intercalation. It is also found that, for AB-stacked DL H-Bi, metal atom intercalation gives rise to novel multiple Rashba splitting near the valence band top, which is expected to manipulate the same spin in different planar bismuthene layers. Our results present various and tunable electronic properties of van der Waals DL H-Bi and allow for probing into multiple Rashba effect in 2D inversion-asymmetric topological insulators.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 169-180, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090062

RESUMO

Our previous study demonstrated that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein AB (HNRNPAB) is a key gene that facilitates metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanisms behind this relationship are not fully understood. In our study, we utilized long-noncoding RNA (lncRNA) microarrays to identify a HNRNPAB-regulated lncRNA named lnc-ELF209. Our findings from chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicate that HNRNPAB represses lnc-ELF209 transcription by directly binding to its promoter region. We also analyzed clinical samples from HCC patients and cell lines with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions, RNA in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, and found that there is a negative relationship between HNRNPAB and lnc-ELF209 expression. Up/downregulation assays and rescue assays indicate that lnc-ELF209 inhibits cell migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition regulated by HNRNPAB. This suggests a new regulatory mechanism for HNRNPAB-promoted HCC progression. RNA pull-down and LC-MS/MS were used to determine triosephosphate isomerase, heat shock protein 90-beta and vimentin may be involved in the tumor-suppressed function of lnc-ELF209. Furthermore, we found lnc-ELF209 could stabilize TPI protein expression. We also found that lnc-ELF209 overexpression in HCCLM3 cell resulted in a lower rate of lung metastatic, which suggested a less aggressive HCC phenotype. Collectively, these findings offer new insights into the regulatory mechanisms that underlie HNRNPAB cancer-promoting activities and demonstrate that lnc-ELF209 is a HNRNPAB-regulated lncRNA that may play an important role in the inhibition of HCC progression.

5.
Toxins (Basel) ; 11(11)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671876

RESUMO

Fusarium graminearum causes Fusarium head blight (FHB), a devastating disease of wheat. Salicylic acid (SA) is involved in the resistance of wheat to F. graminearum. Cell wall mannoprotein (CWM) is known to trigger defense responses in plants, but its role in the pathogenicity of F. graminearum remains unclear. Here, we characterized FgCWM1 (FG05_11315), encoding a CWM in F. graminearum. FgCWM1 was highly expressed in wheat spikes by 24 h after initial inoculation and was upregulated by SA. Disruption of FgCWM1 (ΔFgCWM1) reduced mannose and protein accumulation in the fungal cell wall, especially under SA treatment, and resulted in defective fungal cell walls, leading to increased fungal sensitivity to SA. The positive role of FgCWM1 in mannose and protein accumulation was confirmed by its expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Compared with wild type (WT), ΔFgCWM1 exhibited reduced pathogenicity toward wheat, but it produced the same amount of deoxynivalenol both in culture and in spikes. Complementation of ΔFgCWM1 with FgCWM1 restored the WT phenotype. Localization analyses revealed that FgCWM1 was distributed on the cell wall, consistent with its structural role. Thus, FgCWM1 encodes a CWM protein that plays an important role in the cell wall integrity and pathogenicity of F. graminearum.

6.
JCI Insight ; 4(21)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672938

RESUMO

X-linked reticulate pigmentary disorder (XLPDR, Mendelian Inheritance in Man #301220) is a rare syndrome characterized by recurrent infections and sterile multiorgan inflammation. The syndrome is caused by an intronic mutation in POLA1, the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase-α (Pol-α), which is responsible for Okazaki fragment synthesis during DNA replication. Reduced POLA1 expression in this condition triggers spontaneous type I interferon expression, which can be linked to the autoinflammatory manifestations of the disease. However, the history of recurrent infections in this syndrome is as yet unexplained. Here we report that patients with XLPDR have reduced NK cell cytotoxic activity and decreased numbers of NK cells, particularly differentiated, stage V, cells (CD3-CD56dim). This phenotype is reminiscent of hypomorphic mutations in MCM4, which encodes a component of the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) helicase complex that is functionally linked to Pol-α during the DNA replication process. We find that POLA1 deficiency leads to MCM4 depletion and that both can impair NK cell natural cytotoxicity and show that this is due to a defect in lytic granule polarization. Altogether, our study provides mechanistic connections between Pol-α and the MCM complex and demonstrates their relevance in NK cell function.

7.
Arthropod Struct Dev ; 53: 100901, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760197

RESUMO

The Asian corn borer Ostrinia furnacalis is one of the most destructive pests of maize throughout eastern Asia and the South Pacific. In the present study the fine structure of the compound eyes of adult O. furnacalis was investigated under light/dark adaptation using light and electron microscopy. The compound eyes of male and female O. furnacalis are superposition eyes with electron-lucent clear zones. The sexual differences of the compound eyes of O. furnacalis are mainly reflected in eye size rather than ommatidial ultrastructure. Each ommatidium of both sexes contains 12 retinula cells, one of which is the basal retinula cell. All the retinula cells form a centrally-fused, two-tiered rhabdom, whose distal layer passes through the clear zone and distally connects with the crystalline cone. The ultrastructural changes under light/dark conditions mainly involve the rhabdom occupation ratio to retinula cell volume in the proximal layer of the rhabdom as well as the dimensions of the subcorneal zone and the crystalline tract. Pigment movements occur within the retinula cells and primary pigment cells, but are undetectable within the secondary pigment cells. Regardless of light or dark adaptation, in other words, the pigments never migrate into the clear zone.

8.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis ; 68: 101398, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775114

RESUMO

To characterize the florfenicol resistance gene and analyze the structure of the resistance gene-related sequence of an Raoultella planticola strain S25 isolated from a duck fecal sample from a farm in South China. Molecular cloning was performed to clone the resistance genes such as mdfA, floR and so on, and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were quantified to determine the resistance levels generated by the cloned genes and the related strains. Sequencing and comparative genomics methods were used to analyze the structure of the resistance gene-related sequence. The result showed that the genome of R. planticola S25 consists of a 5.47 Mb chromosome encoding 4962 predicted coding sequence (CDS) and a 68,566 bp plasmid, pS25-68, encoding 84 ORFs. The plasmid sharing the greatest sequence identity with the floR-carrying plasmid pS25-68 is plasmid1 in Klebsiella pneumoniae strain blaNDM-1, which was isolated from a patient in Canada. The mdfA1 gene encoded on the chromosome generated resistance to florfenicol in addition to chloramphenicol. Comparative genomic analysis of the floR-related transposon-like fragment of pS25-68 showed that an approximately 3 kb sequence encoding IS91-virD2-floR-lysR was conserved and presented in the majority of the sequences (84.5 %, 169/200) collected from the database. The results of this work demonstrated that horizontal transfer of the florfenicol resistance gene floR occurred widely between the bacteria of different species and with different origins and that additional florfenicol resistance genes may be present in the bacterial population.

9.
Pharm Res ; 36(12): 177, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696314

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The in vitro and in vivo pharmacologic assessment of ABP 980 similarity to its reference product is intended to compare the activity of ABP 980 and trastuzumab and support the overall conclusion of similarity based on a comprehensive analytical and functional evaluation. METHODS: This work complements the primary assessment of functional similarity with additional in vitro assays, binding studies, and non-clinical studies including human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) kinetic binding, HER2 signaling, HER2 internalization, synergy with docetaxel chemotherapy, FcγR kinetic binding, primary natural killer and monocyte cell binding, antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis activity, in vivo xenograft studies, and toxicokinetic parameters. RESULTS: The results contribute to the totality of evidence with respect to functional similarity and support that ABP 980 is similar to trastuzumab in all primary and secondary mechanisms of action. CONCLUSIONS: These results also support the scientific justification of extrapolation to all approved indications of trastuzumab given the established functional similarity of the two products and the same mechanisms of action across all conditions of use.

10.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 467, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The NSD family of histone lysine methyltransferases have emerged as important biomarkers that participate in a variety of malignancies. Recent evidence has indicated that somatic dysregulation of the nuclear receptor binding SET domain-containing protein 1 (NSD1) is associated with the tumorigenesis in HCC, suggesting that NSD1 may serve as a prognostic target for this malignant tumor. However, its mechanism in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the major primary malignant tumor in the human liver, remains unclear. Hence, we investigated how NSD1 regulated HCC progression via regulation of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot analysis was performed to identify the expression of NSD1 in HCC cells and clinically obtained tissues. The relationship between NSD1 expression and prognosis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Further, a NSD1 knockout cell line was constructed by CRISPR/Cas9 genomic editing system, which was investigated in a battery of assays such as HCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, followed by the investigation into NSD1 regulation on histone H3, Wnt10b and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway via ChIP. Finally, a nude mouse xenograft model was conducted in order to assess tumorigenesis affected by NSD1 knockout in vivo. RESULTS: NSD1 was overexpressed in HCC tissues and cell lines in association with poor prognosis. Knockout of NSD1 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of HCC cells. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout of NSD1 promoted methylation of H3K27me3 and reduced methylation of H3K36me2, which inhibited Wnt10b expression. The results thereby indicated an inactivation of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion in HCC. Moreover, these in vitro findings were reproduced in vivo on tumor xenograft in nude mice. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the study provides evidence that CRISPR/Cas9-mediated NSD1 knockout suppresses HCC cell proliferation and migration via the NSD1/H3/Wnt10b signaling pathway, suggesting that NSD1, H3 and Wnt10b may serve as potential targets for HCC.

11.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752416

RESUMO

Soybean is an important cash crop that is widely used as a source of vegetable protein and edible oil. The regeneration ability of soybean directly affects the application of biotechnology. In this study, we used the exogenous hormone 2,4-D to treat immature embryos. Different levels of somatic incidence were selected from the chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) constructed by SN14 and ZYD00006. Transcriptome sequencing of extreme materials was performed, and 2666 differentially expressed genes were obtained. At the same time, a difference table was generated by combining the data on CSSL rearrangement. In the extreme materials, a total of 93 differentially expressed genes were predicted and were then analyzed by cluster analysis and Gene Ontology (GO) annotation. After screening and annotating the target genes, three differentially expressed genes with hormone pathways were identified. The expression patterns of the target genes were verified by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). Haplotype polymorphism detection and linkage disequilibrium analysis were performed on the candidate gene Glyma.09g248200. This study provided more information on the regulation network of soybean somatic embryogenesis and regeneration processes, and further identified important genes in the soybean regeneration process and provided a theoretical basis for accelerating the application of biotechnology to soybean for improving its breeding efficiency.

12.
Behav Processes ; 169: 103997, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698032

RESUMO

Artificial light at night (ALAN) is a widespread anthropogenic stimulus that can significantly alter nocturnal animals' behavior, from migration to foraging to vocal communication. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that the mate choice decisions of female serrate-legged small treefrogs (Kurixalus odontotarsus) were influenced by ambient light intensity. Standard two-speaker phonotaxis tests were conducted in a sound attenuating chamber. We set four light treatments (I-IV, from low to high) based on a range of light intensities from the maximum natural light at night (i.e., full moon) to that of the actual calling sites, which had artificial light. Contrary to our prediction, female frogs showed a preference for calls on the bright side in treatment I when they were exposed to identical stimuli. However, females preferred longer calls on the dim side to shorter calls on the bright side in this treatment. In addition, there were no significant effects of choice side, light treatment or their interaction on leave time or choice time. Our results suggest that females are more attracted to mates in bright light under natural nocturnal light conditions, but the preference for longer calls is not altered in serrate-legged small treefrogs.

13.
Small ; : e1903895, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747128

RESUMO

Glucose oxidase (GOx) can react with intracellular glucose and oxygen (O2 ) to produce hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and gluconic acid, which can cut off the nutrition source of cancer cells and consequently inhibit their proliferation. Therefore, GOx is recognised as an ideal endogenous oxido-reductase for cancer starvation therapy. This process can further regulate the tumor microenvironment by increasing the hypoxia and the acidity. Thus, GOx offers new possibilities for the elaborate design of multifunctional nanocomposites for tumor therapy. However, natural GOx is expensive to prepare and purify and exhibits immunogenicity, short in vivo half-life, and systemic toxicity. Furthermore, GOx is highly prone to degrade after exposure to biological conditions. These intrinsic shortcomings will undoubtedly limit its biomedical applications. Accordingly, some nanocarriers can be used to protect GOx from the surrounding environment, thus controlling or preserving the activity. A variety of nanocarriers including hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles, metal-organic frameworks, organic polymers, and magnetic nanoparticles are summarized for the construction of GOx-based nanocomposites for multimodal synergistic cancer therapy. In addition, current challenges and promising developments in this area are highlighted.

14.
Environ Pollut ; : 113463, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677875

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that metallic oxide nanoparticles can pose a severe risk to the health of invertebrates. Previous attention has been mostly paid to the effects of metallic oxide nanoparticles on the survival, growth and physiology of animals. In comparison, the effects on gut microbiota and incidence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in soil fauna remain poorly understood. We conducted a microcosm study to explore the responses of the non-target soil invertebrate Enchytraeus crypticus gut microbiota and resistomes to copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) and copper nitrate by using bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicons sequencing and high throughput quantitative PCR. The results showed that exposure to Cu2+ resulted in higher bioaccumulation (P < 0.05) and lower body weight and reproduction (P < 0.05) of Enchytraeus crypticus than exposure to CuO NPs. Nevertheless, exposure to CuO NPs for 21 days markedly increased the alpha-diversity of the gut microbiota of Enchytraeus crypticus (P < 0.05) and shifted the gut microbial communities, with a significant decline in the relative abundance of the phylum Planctomycetes (from 37.26% to 19.80%, P < 0.05) and a significant elevation in the relative abundance of the phyla Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Acidobacteria (P < 0.05). The number of detected ARGs in the Enchytraeus crypticus gut significantly decreased from 45 in the Control treatment to 16 in the Cu(NO3)2 treatment and 20 in the CuO NPs treatment. The abundance of ARGs in the Enchytraeus crypticus gut were also significantly decreased to 38.48% when exposure to Cu(NO3)2 and 44.90% when exposure to CuO NPs (P < 0.05) compared with the controls. These results extend our understanding of the effects of metallic oxide nanoparticles on the gut microbiota and resistome of soil invertebrates.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679050

RESUMO

This study introduces an effective method to deposit polypyrrole (PPy) on graphite felt (GF) as anode to improve the start-up performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The results of scanning electron microscope (SEM) and electrochemical testing reveal that polypyrrole is able to improve the electrical conductivity and surface roughness, which is beneficial to the microorganism attachment and growth. It shows that microorganisms grow faster on polypyrrole-modified anode than on unmodified anode. It takes ca. 5 days for polypyrrole-modified anode to reach a reproducible voltage platform, while it takes 11 days for unmodified anode. Moreover, the maximum power density of microbial fuel cells with polypyrrole-modified anode was 919 mW m-2, which were 2.3 times of that with unmodified anode. This research revealed that polypyrrole modification can improve the start-up performance of microbial fuel cells. It is considered as a feasible, economical and sustainable anode.

16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(46): 12816-12823, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675231

RESUMO

Microbial degradation plays a major role in the dissipation of pendimethalin, and nitroreduction is an initial and detoxicating step. Previously, a pendimethalin nitroreductase, PNR, was identified in Bacillus subtilis Y3. Here, another pendimethalin nitroreductase from strain Y3, LNR, was identified. LNR shares only 40% identity with PNR and reduces the aromatic ring C-6 nitro group of pendimethalin and both nitro groups of trifluralin, butralin, and oryzalin. The catalytic activities against the four dinitroanilines were much higher for LNR than for PNR. lnr deletion significantly reduced the pendimethalin-reduction activity (60% activity loss), while pnr deletion led to only 30% activity loss, indicating that both LNR and PNR were involved in pendimethalin nitroreduction in strain Y3; however, LNR played the major role. This study facilitates the elucidation of pendimethalin catabolism and provides degrading enzyme resources for the removal of dinitroaniline herbicide residues in environment and agricultural products.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704674

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that livestock manure used as organic fertilizer in agriculture may lead to potential propagation of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) from "farm to fork". However, little is known about the impacts of manure fertilization on the incidence of ARGs in the plant-associated microbiomes (including rhizosphere, endosphere and phyllosphere), which hampers our ability to assess the dissemination of antibiotic resistance in the soil-plant system. Here, we constructed a pot experiment to explore the effects of poultry and cattle manure applications on the shifts of resistome in the plant microbiome of harvested cherry radish. A total of 144 ARGs conferring resistance to eight major classes of antibiotics were detected among all the samples. Rhizosphere and phyllosphere microbiomes harbored significantly higher diversity and abundance of ARGs than root endophytic microbiomes of cherry radish. Manure application significantly increased the abundance of ARGs in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere, but not in the endophytes of root, which is the edible part of cherry radish. Soil and plant microbiomes changed dramatically after manure applications and clustered separately according to different sample types and treatments. Structural equation modelling revealed that bacterial abundance was the most important factor modulating the distribution patterns of soil and plant resistomes after accounting for multiple drivers. Taken together, we provide evidence that the enrichment of resistome in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere of cherry radish is more obvious compared with the endosphere after manure application, suggesting that manure amendment might not enhance the ARGs dissemination into the root of vegetables in the pot experiment.Importance Our study provides important evidence that manure application increased the occurrence of ARGs in the rhizosphere and phyllosphere of cherry radish, compared with the endophytic bacterial microbiota of root, which is the edible part of cherry radish. Our findings suggest that although manure amendment is a significant route of ARGs entering agricultural soils, these manure-derived ARGs may be at low risk of migrating into the endophytes of root vegetables.

18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(22): 2670-2676, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a contributing factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-invasive algorithms including fatty liver index (FLI) and hepatic steatosis index (HSI) have been used as a screening test for NAFLD in epidemiologic studies. The aim of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FLI and HSI for NAFLD detection in adults with OSAHS. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive adult subjects who were newly diagnosed with OSAHS from March 2016 to January 2018. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography. The accuracy and cut-off point of the FLI and HSI to detect NAFLD were assessed by analyzing the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve and the maximum Youden index analysis, respectively. RESULTS: The 326 subjects were diagnosed as NAFLD according to ultrasound findings, while 105 subjects who had normal abdominal ultrasonography were grouped as controls. Both FLI and HSI values were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD compared with controls. The AUROC of FLI and HSI for predicting NAFLD was 0.802 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.762-0.839) and 0.753 (95% CI 0.710-0.793), respectively. The AUROC of FLI was significantly higher than that of HSI (P = 0.0383). The optimal cut-off value of FLI and HSI was 60 (sensitivity 66% and specificity 80%) and 35 (sensitivity 81% and specificity 60%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both FLI and HSI can serve as screening tools for NAFLD in OSAHS adults. The FLI shows better performance in diagnosing NAFLD than HSI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR-OOB-15007253), http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11606.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; : 135523, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767293

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancers are among the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Many environmental factors have been linked to COPD and TBL cancers. This study examined the associations of cumulative environmental quality indices with COPD mortality and TBL cancers mortality, respectively. Environmental Quality Index (EQI) was constructed to represent cumulative environmental quality for the overall environment and 5 major environmental domains (e.g., air, water, built). Associations of each EQI indices with COPD mortality and TBL cancers mortality, across 3109 counties in the 48 contiguous states of the US, were examined using simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) models. Stratified analyses were conducted in females versus males and according to rural-urban continuum codes (RUCC) to assess the heterogeneity across the overall population. Overall poor environmental quality was associated with a percent difference (PD) of 0.75 [95% confidence intervals (95% CI), 0.46, 1.05] in COPD mortality and an PD of 1.22 (95% CI, 0.97, 1.46) in TBL cancers mortality. PDs were higher in females than in males for both COPD and TBL cancers. The built domain had the largest effect on COPD mortality (PD, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.58, 1.12) while the air domain had the largest effect on TBL cancers mortality (PD, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.31, 1.76). The EQI-mortality associations varied among different RUCCs, but no consistent trend was found. This result suggests that poor environmental quality, particularly poor air quality and built environment quality may increase the mortality risk for COPD and that for TBL cancers. Females appear to be more susceptible to the effect of cumulative environmental quality. Our findings highlight the importance of improving overall and domain-specific cumulative environmental quality in reducing COPD and TBL cancer mortalities in the United States.

20.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 172791, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712057

RESUMO

It is widely known that visceral pain is more prevalent in women than in men, and this phenomenon is interpreted as a consequence of the gonadal hormone modulation of pain perception and transduction. Uterine cervical distension might cause obstetric and gynecologic pain with clinical relevance to visceral pain. In this study, we focused on the roles of 17ß-estradiol and progesterone in visceral nociception with the use of a rat model of uterine cervical distension. Female ovariectomized rats were injected with 17ß-estradiol (E2) or progesterone (P4) for 21 days, after which visceral pain-induced spinal c-fos expression and visceromotor reflex changes were compared between ovariectomized and hormone-substituted groups. We found that uterine cervical distension induced a drastic increase in spinal c-fos expression and visceromotor reflex activity, and ovariectomy inhibited the increase in c-fos expression induced by visceral pain; this inhibition was reversed by estrogen but not progesterone replacement. This study demonstrates that estrogen is involved in uterine cervical nociception, while progesterone plays less of a significant role.

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