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2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594827

RESUMO

Biochar amendments add persistent organic carbon to soil and can stabilize rhizodeposits and existing soil organic carbon (SOC), but effects of biochar on subsoil carbon stocks have been overlooked. We quantified changes in soil inorganic carbon (SIC) and SOC to 2 m depth 10 years after biochar application to calcareous soil. The total soil carbon (i.e., existing SOC, SIC, and biochar-C) increased by 71, 182, and 210% for B30, B60, and B90, respectively. Biochar application at 30, 60, and 90 t ha-1 rates significantly increased SIC by 10, 38, and 68 t ha-1, respectively, with accumulation mainly occurring in the subsoil (below 1 m). This huge increase of SIC (mainly CaCO3) is ∼100 times larger than the inorganic carbon present in the added biochar (0.3, 0.6, or 0.9 t ha-1). The benzene polycarboxylic acid method showed that the biochar-amended soil contained more black carbon particles (6.8 times higher than control soil) in the depth of 1.4-1.6 m, which provided the direct quantitative evidence for biochar migration into subsoil after a decade. Spectral and energy spectrum analysis also showed an obvious biochar structure in the biochar-amended subsoil, accompanied by a Ca/Mg carbonate cluster, which provided further evidence for downward migration of biochar after a decade. To explain SIC accumulation in subsoil with biochar amendment, the interacting mechanisms are proposed: (1) biochar amendment significantly increases subsoil pH (0.3-0.5 units) 10 years after biochar application, thus forming a favorable pH environment in the subsoil to precipitate HCO3-; and (2) the transported biochar in subsoil can act as nuclei to precipitate SIC. Biochar amendment enhanced SIC by up to 80%; thus, the effects on carbon stocks in subsoil must be understood to inform strategies for carbon dioxide removal through biochar application. Our study provided critical knowledge on the impact of biochar application to topsoil on carbon stocks in subsoil in the long term.

3.
Acad Radiol ; 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609030

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) proton density-weighted images (PdWI) hyperintense regions on MRI are an important imaging feature of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and are thought to represent inflammation which may induce knee pain. The aim of the study was to compare the intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) findings of PdWI hyperintense regions of IPFP between symptomatic and asymptomatic KOA and to determine whether IVIM-DWI parameters can be used as an objective biomarker for symptomatic KOA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 84 patients with symptomatic KOA, 43 asymptomatic KOA persons, and 30 healthy controls with MRI were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic, IPFP-synovitis, Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain sub-score, IPFP volume and depth and quantitative parameters of IVIM-DWI were collected. The chi-square test, Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis were used for diagnostic performance comparison. RESULTS: The IPFP volume and depth were statistically significant differences between the non-KOA and sKOA groups (p<0.05). The IPFP PdWI hyperintense regions demonstrated significantly higher values of D and D* in the symptomatic KOA compared to those in the asymptomatic KOA (1.51±0.47 vs. 1.73±0.40 for D and 19.24±6.44 vs. 27.09±9.75 for D*) (both p<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that Higher D and D* values of IPFP hyperintense region were significantly associated with higher risks of knee pain (OR: 1.97; 95% CI: 1.21-3.19; p=0.006 for D and OR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.09-1.41; p=0.001 for D*). Sensitivity and specificity of D value for symptomatic KOA were 80.28% and 83.33%, with an AUC of 0.78 (0.68-0.86). D* value had the sensitivity with 92.96% and a specificity of 58.33%, with an AUC of 0.82 (0.73-0.89) for symptomatic KOA. CONCLUSION: IVIM-DWI can be used as an additional functional imaging technique to study IPFP with signal abnormalities on PdWI, and the D and D* values may have potential value to predict the symptom in mild-to-moderate KOA patients.

4.
Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob ; 22(1): 4, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic endometritis (CE) is a disease of continuous and subtle inflammation occurring in the endometrial stromal area, which is often asymptomatic or present with non-specific clinical symptoms. METHODS: This study investigated the composition and distribution of the intrauterine microbiota of 71 patients who underwent hysteroscopy during the routine clinical inspection of infertility. Among them, patients who were diagnosed with chronic endometritis (CE) were allocated into CE group (n = 29) and others into non-CE group (n = 42). There was no significant difference in average age between the two groups (P = 0.19). Uterine flushing fluid was collected by the self-developed cervical trocar uterine cavity sampler and 16S rRNA sequencing was performed. RESULTS: The alpha diversity in the CE group was significantly higher than that in the non-CE group (P < 0.05). Firmicutes (newly named Bacillota) were the dominant phylum in the non-CE group (72.23%), while their abundance was much lower in the CE group (49.92%), but there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. The abundances of Actinobacteriota and Cyanobacteria in the CE group were significantly higher than those in the non-CE group (P < 0.05). At the genus level, the abundance of Lactobacillus dominated in all samples, which presented a significantly lower abundance in the CE group (40.88%) than that in the non-CE group (64.22%) (P < 0.05). Correspondingly, the abundance of non-Lactobacillus was higher in the CE group, among which Pseudomonas and Cutibacterium increased significantly (P < 0.01). Moreover, compared with the non-CE group, the pathways involved in arginine and proline metabolism and retinol metabolism were significantly enriched in the CE group (P < 0.05), while the metabolism of lipid and prenyltransferases were significantly decreased in the CE group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A certain microbial community was colonized in the uterine cavity, which was dominated by Lactobacillus. The structure and distribution of intrauterine microbiota in the CE group were different from those in the non-CE group by showing a lower abundance of Lactobacillus, and a significantly higher abundance of Pseudomonas and Cutibacterium. Additionally, the microbial metabolism was altered in the CE group. This study elaborated the alteration of intrauterine microbiota in CE patients, which may contribute to the diagnosis of CE and provide a reference for antibiotic treatment of CE.


Assuntos
Endometrite , Microbiota , Feminino , Humanos , Endometrite/tratamento farmacológico , Endometrite/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Endométrio/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Bactérias/genética , Lactobacillus
5.
Chemistry ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637457

RESUMO

A series of transition metal (M)-promoted carbon-silicon (C-M-Si; M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Zr) solid acid catalysts with designated molar ratio of M/Si = 1:8 were fabricated and exploited for acetalization of benzaldehyde (BzH) with ethylene glycol (EG). The physical and chemical properties of these C-M-Si catalysts prepared by sol-gel method were characterized by various techniques, namely, SEM, EDS, TGA-DTG, BET, XRD, FT-IR, XPS, and NH3-TPD. Among various examined acidic C-M-Si catalysts, the C-Fe-Si catalyst exhibited the optimal catalytic activity with the benzaldehyde glycol acetal (BEGA) yield of 97.67%, in excellent agreement with the value (97.88%) predicted by the response surface methodology (RSM) based on a Box-Behnken design (BBD). C-Fe-Si catalyst with the high catalytic activities and excellent stability and reusability may be ascribed to the suitable acidity and uniform surface distribution of active sites requisite for the acid-catalyzed acetalization reaction.

6.
ACS Nano ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630198

RESUMO

Cost-effective electrochemical water splitting technology hinges on the development of efficient and durable catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Spinel oxides (formula: AxB3-xO4) are structurally stable for real applications. Much effort has been devoted to improving the catalytic activity. Here, we report a eutectic dealloying strategy to activate the porous spinel NiFe2O4 nanowires with up to four metal cation substitutions. As-obtained spinel NiFeXO4 (X = Fe, Ni, Al, Mo, Co, Cr) delivers a benchmark current density of 10 mA·cm-2 at an overpotential of only 195 mV, outperforming most spinel phase OER electrocatalysts and comparable to the state-of-the-art NiFe hydroxides. It is stable for over 115 h of electrolysis. Aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy, and atomic-scale strain mappings reveal that the multivalent cation substitutions result in substantial lattice distortion and significant electronic coupling of metal 3d and O 2p orbitals for increased covalency. Further theoretical calculations suggest that the NiFeXO4 are stabilized by the high configurational entropy, and their synergy favors the absorption of H2O molecules and lowers the adsorption energy barrier of the OOH* intermediate. The improved intrinsic activity together with the highly nanoporous structures contribute to the appealing apparent catalytic performances. The work demonstrates an effective approach for the synthesis of stable multicomponent spinel oxides and highlights the effectiveness of the multication substitution strategy for producing highly durable and active spinel catalysts, which meet multiplexed structure and superior property requirements in practical applications.

7.
Arthropod Struct Dev ; 72: 101234, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708647

RESUMO

The Bittacidae are unique in holometabolous insects in that their larvae bear a dorsal ocellus on the frons. The fine structure of the dorsal ocellus, however, has not been investigated to date. Here, the ultrastructure of the larval dorsal ocellus was studied in the hangingfly Bittacus planus Cheng, 1949 using light, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy. The dorsal ocellus of the larvae comprises a cornea, corneagenous cells, and retinula cells. The cornea is a laminated structure. A layer of corneagenous cells is located below the cornea. Numerous retinula cells are arranged tightly beneath the corneagenous cells. The retinula cells modify their adjacent membranes into numerous linear microvilli, which form an analogue of the rhabdom among adjacent retinula cells. The results show that the dorsal ocellus of larval Bittacidae is a highly vestigial organ and appears to be degenerating during the postembryonic development. The presence of the vestigial dorsal ocellus is likely to represent an ancestral plesiomorphy of holometabolous insects, providing new evidence for exploring the evolutionary origin of holometabolous larvae.

8.
Chemosphere ; 316: 137880, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649892

RESUMO

This study explored the feasibility of a coupled system for antibiotic removal and biofuel production through microalgae cultivation. Initial, batch culture experiments demonstrated that sulfadiazine (SDZ) had an inhibitory effect on Chlorella sp. G-9, and 100.0 mg L-1 SDZ completely inhibited its growth. In order to improve SDZ removal efficiency by microalgae, three membrane photobioreactors (MPBRs) with different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) were established for continuous microalgae cultivation. The efficient coupling of SDZ removal and microalgal lipid production was achieved through the gradual increment of influent SDZ concentration from 0 to 100.0 mg L-1. The reduction in SDZ ranged between 57.8 and 89.7%, 54.7-91.7%, and 54.6-93.5% for the MPBRs with HRT of 4 d, 2 d, and 1 d, respectively. Chlorella sp. Was found to tolerate higher concentrations of SDZ in the MPBR system, and the resulting stress from high concentrations of SDZ effectively increased the lipid content of microalgae for potential biodiesel production. With the increase of influent SDZ concentration from 0 to 100.0 mg L-1, the lipid content of microalgae increased by 43.5%. Chlorophyll content, superoxide dismutase activity, and malondialdehyde content of microalgae were also evaluated to explore the mechanism of microalgae tolerance to SDZ stress in MPBR.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Microalgas , Sulfadiazina , Fotobiorreatores , Biomassa , Biocombustíveis , Lipídeos
9.
Exp Eye Res ; 227: 109391, 2023 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696946

RESUMO

Dry eye is a multifactorial disease that causes dryness, inflammation and damage of ocular surface. Subcutaneous injection of the muscarinic cholinergic antagonist scopolamine under desiccating stress reduces tear production and induces dry eye symptoms in mice. However, the expression profile and pathogenic changes of the lacrimal gland remain incompletely understood. In the present study, we performed comparative transcriptomic analysis of lacrimal glands from the control and scopolamine-treated mice. Primary analysis identified 677 upregulated genes and 269 downregulated genes in the lacrimal gland of mice with scopolamine treatment. Unexpectedly, KEGG pathway and hierarchical clustering analysis showed the enrichment of "DNA replication" and "cell cycle" categories in the upregulated genes. Subsequently, we confirmed that the acinar cells were the major proliferating cells of lacrimal gland, which exhibited significant increasing of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression after scopolamine treatment, accompanied with the upregulation of DNA damage marker γ-H2AX. More importantly, both prophylactic and therapeutic administration of the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor AT7519 rescued the tear reduction and alleviated dry eye severity in the scopolamine-treated mice, including corneal epithelial barrier function, lacrimal and corneal inflammation, and conjunctival goblet cell density. Therefore, we conclude that aberrant acinar cell proliferation is involved in the scopolamine-induced tear reduction and dry eye onset, which can be improved by AT7519 treatment.

10.
Arthropod Struct Dev ; 72: 101230, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706509

RESUMO

Compound eyes are the prominent visual organs of insects and can provide valuable information for the reconstruction of insect phylogeny. Although the largest butterfly family (Nymphalidae) has been well defined, the infrafamilial phylogenetic relationships remain controversial hitherto. In the present study the ultrastructure of the compound eyes of three nymphalids Neptis beroe, Childrena zenobia, and Palaeonympha opalina was investigated using light and transmission electron microscopy in an attempt to seek potentially important phylogenetic characters. The compound eyes of the nymphalids share a tracheal system in a "1-4-8" branching pattern. The eight tracheal subbranches exhibit distinct distribution patterns along the basal retinula cell as follows: the tracheal subbranches of Palaeonympha opaline are close to the rhabdom in the distance from the distalmost part of the basal retinula cell to the rhabdom end, while those of N. beroe and C. zenobia are on the periphery of the retinula along almost the whole basal retinula cell and become close to the rhabdom just at the proximal end of the basal retinula cell. The tracheal structure of the three nymphalids is discussed for their potential phylogenetic implications.

11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2023: 1485135, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686379

RESUMO

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is known to cause a more robust systemic inflammatory response than general trauma without CNS injury, inducing severe secondary organ damage, especially the lung and liver. Related studies are principally focused on the mechanisms underlying repair and regeneration in the injured spinal cord tissue. However, the specific mechanism of secondary injury after acute SCI is widely overlooked, compared with general trauma. Methods: Two datasets of GSE151371 and GSE45376 related to the blood samples and spinal cord after acute SCI were selected to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). In GSE151371, functional enrichment analysis on specific DEGs of blood samples was performed. And the top 15 specific hub genes were identified from intersectional genes between the specific upregulated DEGs of blood samples in GSE151371 and the upregulated DEGs of the spinal cord in GSE45376. The specific functional enrichment analysis and the drug candidates of the hub genes and the miRNAs-targeted hub genes were also analyzed and predicted. Results: DEGs were identified, and a total of 64 specific genes were the intersection of upregulated genes of the spinal cord in GSE45376 and upregulated genes of human blood samples in GSE151371. The top 15 hub genes including HP, LCN2, DLGAP5, CEP55, HMMR, CDKN3, PRTN3, SKA3, MPO, LTF, CDC25C, MMP9, NEIL3, NUSAP1, and CD163 were calculated from the 64 specific genes. Functional enrichment analysis of the top 15 hub genes revealed inflammation-related pathways. The predicted miRNAs-targeted hub genes and drug candidates of hub genes were also performed to put forward reasonable treatment strategies. Conclusion: The specific hub genes of acute SCI as compared with trauma without CNS injury were identified. The functional enrichment analysis of hub genes showed a specific immune response. Several predicted drugs of hub genes were also obtained. The hub genes and the predicted miRNAs may be potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets and require further validation.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Humanos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Biomarcadores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética
12.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 350, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681699

RESUMO

As the largest substructures in the nucleus, nucleoli are the sites of ribosome biogenesis. Increasing evidence indicates that nucleoli play a key role in the organization of 3D genome architecture, but systematic studies of nucleolus-associated chromatin interactions are lacking. Here, we developed a nucleolus Hi-C (nHi-C) experimental technique to enrich nucleolus-associated chromatin interactions. Using the nHi-C experiment, we identify 264 high-confidence nucleolus-associated domains (hNADs) that form strong heterochromatin interactions associated with the nucleolus and consist of 24% of the whole genome in HeLa cells. Based on the global hNAD inter-chromosomal interactions, we find five nucleolar organizer region (NOR)-bearing chromosomes formed into two clusters that show different interaction patterns, which is concordant with their epigenetic states and gene expression levels. hNADs can be divided into three groups that display distinct cis/trans interaction signals, interaction frequencies associated with nucleoli, distance from the centromeres, and overlap percentage with lamina-associated domains (LADs). Nucleolus disassembly caused by Actinomycin D (ActD) significantly decreases the strength of hNADs and affects compartment/TAD strength genome-wide. In summary, our results provide a global view of heterochromatin interactions organized around nucleoli and demonstrate that nucleoli act as an inactive inter-chromosomal hub to shape both compartments and TADs.


Assuntos
Cromatina , Heterocromatina , Humanos , Cromatina/metabolismo , Heterocromatina/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Nucléolo Celular/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular
13.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 76(1)2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688784

RESUMO

2,5-Pyridinedicarboxylic acid (2,5-PDA), a natural N-heterocyclic compound and a substitute for production in plastics, was widely distributed in industrial wastewater. However, the biodegradation of 2,5-PDA has been rarely reported. In this study, strain YJ-5, which could utilize 2,5-PDA as the sole carbon source for growth was isolated from pesticide-contaminated soil. Based on the comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain YJ-5 was identified as Agrobacterium sp. 2,5-PDA was completely degraded within 7 d and the optimal growth conditions of temperature, pH, and substrate concentration were 30°C, 7.0, and 0.6 mmol-1, respectively. A new intermediate 6-hydroxy-2,5-PDA was determined by UV/VIS spectroscopy and liquid chromatograph coupled time of flight mass spectrometry. When the electron acceptor (2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol) was employed, the 2,5-PDA could be converted by cell extracts of strain YJ-5 cells into 6-hydroxy-2,5-PDA. These results provided new insights for biodegradation on pyridine dicarboxylate.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium , Piridinas , Agrobacterium/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo
14.
Adv Ther ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694099

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The global prevalence of gastric cancer (GC) is increasing, and novel chemotherapeutic targets are needed. METHODS: We searched for potential biomarkers for GC in three microarray data sets within the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. FunRich (v3.1.3) was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) analyses and STRUN and Cytoscape (v3.6.0) were employed to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. To explore hub gene expression and survival, we used Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) and Kaplan-Meier (KM) plotter. Drugs that were closely related to key genes were screened by the Gene Set Cancer Analysis (GSCA), and relevant correlations were verified experimentally. We validated that the sensitivity of a GC cell line to these drugs was correlated with fibrillin 1 (FBN1) mRNA expression levels. RESULTS: We identified 83 upregulated and 133 downregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and these were enriched with regards to their cellular component (extracellular and exosomes), molecular function (extracellular matrix structural constituent and catalytic activity), and biological process (cell growth and/or maintenance and metabolism). The biological pathways most prominently involved were epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and ß3 integrin cell surface interactions. For the PPI network, we selected 10 hub genes, and 70% of these were significantly connected to poor overall survival (OS) in patients with GC. We found a significant link between the expression of FBN1 and two small molecule drugs (PAC-1 and PHA-793887). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, we suggest that these hub genes can be used as biomarkers and novel targets for GC. FBN1 may be associated with drug resistance in gastric cancer.

15.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 89(1): 45-60, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635606

RESUMO

Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) could activate plant defense response against the two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch, in different plants. However, whether MeJA can also serve as an elicitor in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) remains unknown. In this study, induced defense responses were investigated in TSSM-resistant cassava variety C1115 and TSSM-susceptible cassava variety KU50 when applied with MeJA. The performance of TSSM feeding on cassava plants that were pre-treated with various concentrations of MeJA was first evaluated. Subsequently, the activities of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase and catalase), detoxification enzymes (glutathione S-transferase, cytochrome P450 and carboxylesterase) and digestive enzymes (protease, amylase and invertase) in TSSM were analyzed at days 1, 2, 4 and 8 post-feeding. The results showed that MeJA treatment can induce cassava defense responses to TSSM in terms of reducing egg production and adult longevity as well as slowing development and prolonging the egg stage. Noticeably, C1115 exhibited stronger inhibition of TSSM development and reproduction than KU50. In addition, the activities of all the tested enzymes were induced in both C1115 and KU50, the most in C1115. We conclude that exogenous methyl jasmonate can induce cassava defense responses and enhance resistance to TSSM.

16.
Genome Biol Evol ; 15(1)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575057

RESUMO

The red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum is a resource-rich model for genomic and developmental studies. To extend previous studies on Tribolium eye development, we produced transcriptomes for normal-eyed and eye-depleted heads of pupae and adults to identify differentially transcript-enriched (DE) genes in the visual system. Unexpectedly, cuticle-related genes were the largest functional class in the pupal compound eye DE gene population, indicating differential enrichment in three distinct cuticle components: clear lens facet cuticle, highly melanized cuticle of the ocular diaphragm, which surrounds the Tribolium compound eye for internal fortification, and newly identified facet margins of the tanned cuticle, possibly enhancing external fortification. Phylogenetic, linkage, and high-throughput gene knockdown data suggest that most cuticle proteins (CPs) expressed in the Tribolium compound eye stem from the deployment of ancient CP genes. Consistent with this, TcasCPR15, which we identified as the major lens CP gene in Tribolium, is a beetle-specific but pleiotropic paralog of the ancient CPR RR-2 CP gene family. The less abundant yet most likely even more lens-specific TcasCP63 is a member of a sprawling family of noncanonical CP genes, documenting a role of local gene family expansions in the emergence of the Tribolium compound eye CP repertoire. Comparisons with Drosophila and the mosquito Anopheles gambiae reveal a steady turnover of lens-enriched CP genes during insect evolution.


Assuntos
Tribolium , Animais , Tribolium/genética , Filogenia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA
17.
Blood Purif ; 51(7): 617-629, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610595

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The clinical effectiveness of AN69-oXiris remains unclear. This study aimed to compare the effects of AN69-oXiris and AN69-ST filters on cytokine levels and clinical improvement in septic patients. METHODS: This prospective observational study recruited septic patients who underwent blood purification in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between December 2019 and May 2020. Patients were assigned to an AN69-oXiris (oXiris) or AN69-ST (ST) group based on their preferred filter. Patients' clinical data, cytokine levels, and prognostic indicators were analysed at baseline (T0), 24 h after treatment (T1), and at the end of the treatment (T2). RESULTS: Forty-four patients participated in this study (22 patients in each group). Participants in both groups showed improvements in mean arterial pressure (MAP) values, oxygenation indices, and urinary output, and decreased vasoactive-inotropic scores (VISs), heart rates, lactic acid levels, and serum creatinine levels after blood purification. Reductions in cytokine levels were observed at T1 in both groups. Improvement the haemodynamic status was higher in the oXiris group than in the ST group at T2 (MAP: 79.0 [76.0, 85.0] vs. 77.0 [72.75, 79.25] mm Hg, p = 0.04; VISs: 9.10 [0.00, 16.69] vs. 19.05 [10.60, 26.33], p = 0.03, respectively). Patients in the oXiris group also had lower cytokine levels than those in the ST group at T1 (tumour necrosis factor-α: 24.55 [16.9, 30.15] vs. 30.15 [23.38, 34.13] pg/mL, p = 0.04; interleukin (IL)-6: 66.63 [46.21, 102.20] vs. 125.48 [79.73, 167.97] pg/mL, p = 0.01; IL-8: 53.59 [35.10, 66.01] vs. 63.60 [45.58, 83.37] pg/mL, p = 0.04; IL-10: 13.50 [10.35, 18.68] vs. 17.15 [13.80, 21.95] pg/mL, p = 0.04, respectively). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding hospital mortality, intensive care unit length of stay (LOS), and hospital LOS. CONCLUSION: Blood purification using the AN69-oXiris or AN69-ST filter proved useful for septic patients, which was associated with reduced cytokine levels and improved clinical condition. Patients treated with AN69-oXiris had a more remarkable improvement in haemodynamic status and lower cytokine levels than those treated with AN69-ST filter, but there were no differences in clinical outcomes. Further investigations are needed to prove this finding.


Assuntos
Sepse , Choque Séptico , Citocinas , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Sepse/terapia , Choque Séptico/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e32010, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomized double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial was to investigate the effects of different doses of esketamine combined with sufentanil for postoperative intravenous controlled analgesia after cesarean section and the incidence of postpartum depression. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients undergoing elective cesarean section, with a singleton term pregnancy and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status II were selected. All patients were treated by a combined epidural with spinal anesthesia. They were randomly divided into 4 groups according to patient controlled intravenous analgesia formula. The consumption of sufentanil, times of effective press and remediate analgesia at 48 hours after cesarean section, incidence of postpartum depression (PPD) at 1 week and 6 weeks after the operation were recorded. RESULTS: Comparison of cumulated dosage of sufentanil, times of effective press and rescue analgesia at 48 hours after operation: Group H was significantly lower than Group M, Group L, and Group C (P < .05), Group M significantly lower than group L and Group C (P < .05), and Group L significantly lower than Group C (P < .05). Comparison of the incidence of PPD at 1 week and 6 weeks later: Group H was significantly lower than Group M, Group L, and Group C (P < .01), Group M significantly lower than Group L and Group C (P < .01) and Group L significantly lower than Group C (P < .01). Compared with Group C, the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly reduced in Group H, Group M, and Group L (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Esketamine combined with sufentanil used for patient controlled intravenous analgesia after elective cesarean section can reduce the consumption of sufentanil, improve postoperative analgesia, decrease the incidence of PPD at 1 week and 6 weeks and postoperative nausea and vomiting.


Assuntos
Agnosia , Depressão Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Sufentanil/uso terapêutico , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/etiologia , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios
19.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472369

RESUMO

The flexible and clinging nature of ultrathin films requires an understanding of their elastic and adhesive properties in a wide range of circumstances from fabrications to applications. Simultaneously measuring both properties, however, is extremely difficult as the film thickness diminishes to the nanoscale. Here we address such difficulties through peeling by pulling thin films off from the substrates (we thus refer to it as "pull-to-peel"). Particularly, we perform in situ pull-to-peel of graphene and MoS2 films in a scanning electron microscope and achieve simultaneous determination of their Young's moduli and adhesions to gold substrates. This is in striking contrast to other conceptually similar tests available in the literature, including indentation tests (only measuring elasticity) and spontaneous blisters (only measuring adhesion). Furthermore, we show a weakly nonlinear Hooke's relation for the pull-to-peel response of two-dimensional materials, which may be harnessed for the design of nanoscale force sensors or exploited in other thin-film systems.

20.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(11): 115005, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461528

RESUMO

A hybrid excitation multi-degree-of-freedom spherical motor (HE-MDOFSM) is designed, which can achieve MDOF motion by cooperatively controlling the excitation current in 12 sets of stator windings. The designed motor has the advantages of high power density and a large motion range. In addition, because the designed motor has an irregular three-dimensional (3D) structure, it is difficult to perform dynamic magnetic field calculations with existing methods. To solve this problem, we propose a modified 3D dynamic magnetic equivalent circuit (3DD-MEC). The proposed method establishes a node network according to the structural edge features of the motor core and the permanent magnet and calculates the reluctance of the connecting branch based on the differential principle. Moreover, a connection strategy of air-gap nodes in 3D space is formulated, and the magnetic saturation characteristics of the iron core are reflected by an iterative calculation of magnetic permeability. Using the 3DD-MEC method, the 3D dynamic magnetic field information of the HE-MDOFSM can be quickly and accurately calculated. Finally, the reliability of the method is verified by simulation and experiment, which provides a reference for improving the design optimization efficiency of HE-MDOFSM.

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