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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(1): 217-227, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100459

RESUMO

Our previous RNA sequencing study showed that the long non-coding RNA ischemia-related factor Vof-16 (lncRNA Vof-16) was upregulated after spinal cord injury, but its precise role in spinal cord injury remains unclear. Bioinformatics predictions have indicated that lncRNA Vof-16 may participate in the pathophysiological processes of inflammation and apoptosis. PC12 cells were transfected with a pHBLV-U6-MCS-CMV-ZsGreen-PGK-PURO vector to express an lncRNA Vof-16 knockdown lentivirus and a pHLV-CMVIE-ZsGree-Puro vector to express an lncRNA Vof-16 overexpression lentivirus. The overexpression of lncRNA Vof-16 inhibited PC12 cell survival, proliferation, migration, and neurite extension, whereas lncRNA Vof-16 knockdown lentiviral vector resulted in the opposite effects in PC12 cells. Western blot assay results showed that the overexpression of lncRNA Vof-16 increased the protein expression levels of interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and Caspase-3 and decreased Bcl-2 expression levels in PC12 cells. Furthermore, we established rat models of spinal cord injury using the complete transection at T10. Spinal cord injury model rats were injected with the lncRNA Vof-16 knockdown or overexpression lentiviral vectors immediately after injury. At 7 days after spinal cord injury, rats treated with lncRNA Vof-16 knockdown displayed increased neuronal survival and enhanced axonal extension. At 8 weeks after spinal cord injury, rats treated with the lncRNA Vof-16 knockdown lentiviral vector displayed improved neurological function in the hind limb. Notably, lncRNA Vof-16 knockdown injection increased Bcl-2 expression and decreased tumor necrosis factor-α and Caspase-3 expression in treated animals. Rats treated with the lncRNA Vof-16 overexpression lentiviral vector displayed opposite trends. These findings suggested that lncRNA Vof-16 is associated with the regulation of inflammation and apoptosis. The inhibition of lncRNA Vof-16 may be useful for promoting nerve regeneration and functional recovery after spinal cord injury. The experiments were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Guangdong Medical University, China.

2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 131969, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450364

RESUMO

With the quick increase in industrialization and urbanization, a mass of sludge has been produced on the account of increased wastewater treatment facilities. Sewage sludge (SS) management has become one of the most crucial environmental problems because of the existence of various pollutants. However, SS is a carbon-rich material, which has favored novel technologies for biochar production, which can be utilized for dissimilar applications. This review systematically analyzes and summarizes the pretreatment, modification, and especially application of sewage sludge-derived biochar (SSBC), based on published literature. The comparative assessment of pretreatment technology such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, combustion, deashing, and co-feeding is presented to appraise their appropriateness for SS resource availability and the production of SSBC. In addition, the authors summarize and analyze the current modification methods and divide them into two categories: physical properties and surface chemical modifications. The applications of SSBC as absorbent, catalyst and catalyst support, electrode materials, gas storage, soil amendment, and sold biofuel are reviewed in detail. Furthermore, the discussion about the existing problems and the direction of future efforts are presented at the end of each section to envisage SS as a promising opportunity for resources rather than a nuisance.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Poluentes do Solo , Carvão Vegetal , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
3.
Chemosphere ; : 132785, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742758

RESUMO

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) can improve biomass quality in both physical and chemical aspects for energy application. This study aims to investigate the characteristics and reactivities of rape straw (RS) hydrochars. Hydrochars were prepared at 160-240 °C with residence time of 15-120 min. Mass yield, energy yield, microstructure, functional group and migration of alkali and alkaline earth metals (AAEMs) were studied to evaluate the influence of different conditions on properties of hydrochar. The results showed that O/C and H/C ratio decreased, while the higher heating value (HHV) increased with increasing temperature and residence time. The effect of increasing temperature on hydrochar properties was more significant than residence time. The structure was changed, and hydrochar possessed a more stable form after the aromatization reaction. For the gasification reactivity of hydrochar, decomposition rate curves showed that the peak of pyrolysis and gasification moved to a higher temperature region with the increasing of HTC temperature because of the developed aromatic structures in hydrochar. The pyrolysis activation energy decreased from raw RS 71.68 to 41.03 kJ/mol in 240 °C, while gasification activation energy increased from 80.42 to 251.30 kJ/mol. Moreover, it was found that HTC can reduce the content of AAEMs efficiently and the best removal condition is 200 °C. Ca content dropped to a minimum value at 200 °C and then increased at higher temperature which may be caused by well-developed pore structure in hydrochars. This study provides basic data for comprehensive utilization of rape straw and migration mechanism of AAEMs in HTC process.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(44): 13080-13092, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719928

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a kind of serious fat disorder that has become a critical problem to human society. Therefore, finding drugs that are safe and effective has become more and more important. Erythritol (Ery) is a polyol sweetener with a variety of biological functions. However, whether Ery has a relieving effect on NAFLD has not been reported yet. Therefore, we induced HepG2 cells with oleic acid and palmitic acid as our in vitro model. Moreover, we choose wild-type mice with tyloxapol and high-fat diet and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) knockout mice with high-fat diet as our in vivo model. We found that Ery could reverse the lipid accumulation, oxidative stress, and endoplasmic reticulum stress caused by the NAFLD model. The mechanism studies showed that Ery promoted the translocation of Nrf2 from cytoplasm to nucleus, and the molecular simulation docking results of Ery and Nrf2 showed that there was a hydrogen bond between them. Moreover, Ery could promote the production of HO-1 and NQO1 antioxidant proteins and inhibit the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress proteins GPR78, p-PERK, and CHOP. On the contrast, when Nrf2 was knocked out in mice, Ery lost its protective effect on NAFLD. In conclusion, we found that the potential mechanism of Ery's protective effect is that it plays an antioxidant role by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress and lipid accumulation in NAFLD.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Eritritol/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
5.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211055378, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of Golgi protein 73 (GP73) in the diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and hepatic fibrosis (HF) staging. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were allocated to NAFL (n = 46) and NASH (n = 45) groups according to their NAFLD activity score (NAS), and there were 30 healthy controls. Serum GP73 was measured by ELISA, GP73 protein expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry, and FibroScan was used to determine liver hardness. RESULTS: The serum GP73 concentrations of the NAFL and NASH groups were significantly higher than those of controls. GP73 expression in the liver of the patients gradually progressed from absent or low to moderate or high. Serum GP73 positively correlated with liver expression, and the serum and liver GP73 of the patients positively correlated with FibroScan value and HF stage. There was a strong positive correlation of the combination of alanine aminotransferase, gamma glutamyl transferase and GP73 with NASH. The combination of serum GP73 and FibroScan value was found to predict NASH (NAS > 4) and advanced HF (stage ≥2) in patients with NAFLD using receiver operating characteristic analysis. CONCLUSION: Serum GP73 may be useful in the diagnosis of NASH and the staging of HF.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Alanina Transaminase , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , gama-Glutamiltransferase
6.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 495-499, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816660

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of betulinic acid on apoptosis of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells. Methods: The human gastric cancer SGC-7901cells were divided in to 4 groups, and each group was set with 3 replicates. The SGC-7901cells in control group were not treated with betulinic acid; the other 3 experimental groups were treated with betulinic acid at the concentrations of 10, 20 and 30 mg/L, respectively; each group was incubated in a 5% carbon dioxide incubator for 48 h. Laser confocal microscope was used to observe morphological changes of SGC-7901 cells; Flow cytometry was applied to determine apoptosis rate and mitochondrial membrane potential. The mRNA and protein levels of Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 were also detected by qRT-PCR and western blot respectively. Results: Compared with the control group, SGC-7901 cells in the treated group at final concentrations of 10, 20 and 30 mg/L shrinked, appeared apoptosis body along with nuclear splitting. The percentage of cells in early and advanced period of apoptosis were markedly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), mitochondrial membrane potential was obviously reduced (P<0.05 or P<0.01). qRT-PCR and western blot analysis showed that the mRNA and protein expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were increased significantly (P<0.01), while the expressions of Bcl-2 were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Conclusion: Within a certain range of concentrations, betulinic acid induces cell apoptosis by regulating the expression of Bcl-2, Bax and Caspase-3 in human gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Nano Lett ; 21(22): 9754-9760, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780696

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are a promising gain material for solution-processed, wavelength-tunable lasers, with potential application in displays, communications, and biomedical devices. In this work, we combine a CQD film with an array of nanoantennas, made of titanium dioxide cylinders, to achieve lasing via bound states in the continuum (BICs). Here, the BICs are symmetry-protected cavity modes with giant quality factors, arising from slab waveguide modes in the planar CQD film, coupled to the periodic nanoantenna array. We engineer the thickness of the CQD film and size of the nanoantennas to achieve a BIC with good spatial and spectral overlap with the CQDs, based on a second-order transverse-electric (TE)-polarized waveguide mode. We obtain room-temperature lasing with a low threshold of approximately 11 kW/cm2 (peak intensity) under 5-ns-pulsed optical excitation. This work sheds light on the optical modes in solution-processed, distributed-feedback lasers and highlights BICs as effective, versatile, surface-emitting lasing modes.

8.
Exp Gerontol ; 156: 111616, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742854

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related disease, which is mainly treated with oral, topical, and/or intra-articular options to relieve symptoms and lack of specific treatment measures. Fibroblasts (FLS) are crucial cells in joint inflammation and destruction. Cellular senescence plays an important role during OA pathogenesis and senescent cells exhibit cell-cycle arrest and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). SRY-related HMG-box 4 (SOX4) is a contributing factor during many developmental processes and is elevated in inflamed synovium than in noninflamed synovium from arthritis patients. This study was designed to investigate whether SOX4 participate in the pathogenesis of OA by affecting FLS senescence and explore the internal mechanism. Firstly, we found that FLS cells exhibited more cellular senescence in OA compared with control group. We also verified the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS)/TGF-ß signal in the induction of OA-FLS senescence. During the exploration of SOX4 in cell senescence, the results indicated that SOX4 activation promotes cell senescence and SASP of OA-FLS. Apart from that, we also confirmed that SOX4, regulated by ROS/TGF-ß signal, was critical transcription factor associated with OA-FLS senescence. Therefore, SOX4 is likely to be a novel therapeutic target and early diagnostic marker during OA pathogenesis.

9.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 707402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804988

RESUMO

The continuous development of urbanization has dramatically changed people's living environment and lifestyle, accompanied by the increased prevalence of chronic diseases. However, there is little research on the effect of urbanization on gut microbiome in residents. Here we investigated the relation between living environment and gut microbiota in a homogenous population along an urban-rural gradient in Ningxia China. According to the degree of urbanization, the population is divided into four groups: mountainous rural (MR) represents non-urbanized areas, mountainous urban (MU) and plain rural (PR) represent preliminary urbanization, and plain urban (PU) is a representative of complete urbanization. Studies have found that with the deepening of urbanization, the prevalence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, fatty liver, gallstones, and renal cysts, have gradually increased. The intestinal richness and diversity of the microbial community were significantly reduced in the PR and the PU groups compared with the MR and the MU groups. Based on linear discriminant analysis selection, the significantly enriched genera Faecalibacterium, Prevotella, and Pseudobutyrivibrio in the MR group gradually decreased in the MU, the PR, and the PU groups. Effect size results revealed that both residence and diet had an effect on intestinal microbiota. Our results suggested that the disparate patterns of gut microbiota composition were revealed at different levels of urbanization, providing an opportunity to understand the pathogenesis of chronic diseases and the contribution of the "rural microbiome" in potential protection against the occurrence of chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Prevalência , Urbanização
10.
Biomaterials ; 279: 121190, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736145

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most challenging clinical issues. It is characterized by the disruption of neural circuitry and connectivity, resulting in neurological disability. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) serve as a promising source of therapeutic cells for SCI treatment. However, the therapeutic outcomes of direct ADSCs transplantation are limited in the presence of an inflammatory microenvironment. Herein, a cell-adaptable neurogenic (CaNeu) hydrogel was developed as a delivery vehicle for ADSCs to promote neuronal regeneration after SCI. The dynamic network of CaNeu hydrogel loaded with ADSCs provides a cell-infiltratable matrix that enhances axonal growth and eventually leads to improved motor evoked potential, hindlimb strength, and coordination of complete spinal cord transection in rats. Furthermore, the CaNeu hydrogel also establishes an anti-inflammatory microenvironment by inducing a shift in the polarization of the recruited macrophages toward the pro-regeneration (M2) phenotype. Our study showed that the CaNeu-hydrogel‒mediated ADSCs delivery resulted in significantly suppressed neuroinflammation and apoptosis, and that this phenomenon involved the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Our findings indicate that the CaNeu hydrogel is a valuable delivery vehicle to assist stem cell therapy for SCI, providing a promising strategy for central nervous system diseases.

11.
Integr Med Res ; 10: 100801, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664024

RESUMO

Background: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), acupuncture has been widely used in the treatment of COVID-19. The research community has responded rapidly and has already published many research articles about this topic. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library as well as CNKI, Wanfang and VIP from January 1, 2020 to July 31, 2021. The dates of publication, language of publication, methodological characteristics and the key findings were analyzed separately. The data are presented as bar graphs, structured tables and figures. Results: In this scoping review, 16 research articles were included: 7 case reports, 6 observational studies, 1 review, 1 RCT and 1 nonrandomized clinical trial. The majority of the articles (81.3%) were published by Chinese scholars, 12.5% articles were by scholars in the United States, and 6.3% articles were by scholars in Iran. The included studies reported that acupuncture could alleviate the symptoms of COVID-19 patients, shorten their hospitalization days, and is effective for the elderly. There were no side effects reported. The most frequent acupoints used were LI4, PC6, ST36 and KI3. They reported many obstacles in implementing acupuncture therapy for treating COVID-19 patients. Conclusion: Acupuncture has a good effect for the treatment of COVID-19, but high-quality evidence support is still lacking. Coupled with the difficulties that acupuncturists experienced during the process of treatment, the promotion of acupuncture treatment for COVID-19 faces many obstacles.

12.
Opt Express ; 29(15): 24373-24386, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614684

RESUMO

We investigate the flat bands in a quasi-one-dimensional rhombic array composed of evanescently coupled microring resonators (MRRs) with non-Hermitian coupling. By changing the relative position of non-Hermitian coupling in each cell, we construct topologically trivial and nontrivial flat bands, where both the real and imaginary parts of energy bands become flat and coalesce into a single band. We show the nontrivial systems are able to support topological boundary modes isolated from the flat bulk bands although there is no band gap. The elusive topology of flat bands can be geometrically visualized by plotting the trajectories of their eigenvectors on Bloch sphere based on Majorana's stellar representation (MSR). Furthermore, we perform a full wave simulation and show the characteristics of flat bands, associated compact localized modes, and boundary modes are reflected from absorption spectra and field intensity profiles. The study may find potential applications in lasers, narrowband filters, and efficient light harvesting.

13.
Trends Analyt Chem ; 145: 116452, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629572

RESUMO

Since its first discovery in December 2019, the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been posing a serious threat to human life and health. Diagnostic testing is critical for the control and management of the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, diagnostic testing at the point of care (POC) has been widely accepted as part of the post restriction COVID-19 control strategy. Lateral flow assay (LFA) is a popular POC diagnostic platform that plays an important role in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic in industrialized countries and resource-limited settings. Numerous pioneering studies on the design and development of diverse LFA-based diagnostic technologies for the rapid diagnosis of COVID-19 have been done and reported by researchers. Hundreds of LFA-based diagnostic prototypes have sprung up, some of which have been developed into commercial test kits for the rapid diagnosis of COVID-19. In this review, we summarize the crucial role of rapid diagnostic tests using LFA in targeting SARS-CoV-2-specific RNA, antibodies, antigens, and whole virus. Then, we discuss the design principle and working mechanisms of these available LFA methods, emphasizing their clinical diagnostic efficiency. Ultimately, we elaborate the challenges of current LFA diagnostics for COVID-19 and highlight the need for continuous improvement in rapid diagnostic tests.

14.
Brain Behav Immun ; 99: 231-245, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678461

RESUMO

Glutaminase 1 (GLS1) has recently been reported to be expressed in microglia and plays a crucial role in neuroinflamation. Significantly increased level of GLS1 mRNA expression together with neuroinflammation pathway were observed in postmortem prefrontal cortex from depressed patients. To find out the function of microglial GLS1 in depression and neuroinflammation, we generated transgenic mice (GLS1 cKO), postnatally losing GLS1 in microglia, to detect changes in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depression model. LPS-induced anxiety/depression-like behavior was attenuated in GLS1 cKO mice, paralleled by a significant reduction in pro-inflammatory cytokines and an abnormal microglia morphological phenotype in the prefrontal cortex. Reduced neuroinflammation by GLS1 deficient microglia was a result of less reactive astrocytes, as GLS1 deficiency enhanced miR-666-3p and miR-7115-3p levels in extracellular vesicles released from microglia, thus suppressing astrocyte activation via inhibiting Serpina3n expression. Together, our data reveal a novel mechanism of GLS1 in neuroinflammation and targeting GLS1 in microglia may be a novel strategy to alleviate neuroinflammation-related depression and other disease.

15.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 734450, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512360

RESUMO

Respiratory diseases, especially the pandemic of respiratory infectious diseases and refractory chronic lung diseases, remain a key clinical issue and research hot spot due to their high prevalence rates and poor prognosis. In this review, we aimed to summarize the recent advances in the therapeutic effects and molecular mechanisms of key common bioactive compounds from Chinese herbal medicine. Based on the theories of traditional Chinese medicine related to lung diseases, we searched several electronic databases to determine the high-frequency Chinese medicines in clinical application. The active compounds and metabolites from the selected medicines were identified using the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database (TCMSP) by analyzing oral bioavailability and drug similarity index. Then, the pharmacological effects and molecular mechanisms of the selected bioactive compounds in the viral and bacterial infections, inflammation, acute lung injury (ALI), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis, asthma, and lung cancer were summarized. We found that 31 bioactive compounds from the selected 10 common Chinese herbs, such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), kaempferol, isorhamnetin, quercetin, and ß-sitosterol, can mainly regulate NF-κB, Nrf2/HO-1, NLRP3, TGF-ß/Smad, MAPK, and PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathways to inhibit infection, inflammation, extracellular matrix deposition, and tumor growth in a series of lung-related diseases. This review provides novel perspectives on the preclinical study and clinical application of Chinese herbal medicines and their bioactive compounds against respiratory diseases.

16.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 8: 1023-1034, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513745

RESUMO

Background and Aims: To explore the long-term trend of liver cancer survival, based on the real-world data (RWD) in the past 45 years from a population-based cancer registry, in Qidong, China. Methods: A number of 32,556 patients with liver cancer were registered during the period of 1972 to 2016. Mixed methods by active and passive follow-up were performed. Life table method was employed for survival analysis by SPSS22 software. Wilcoxon (Gehan) statistics was considered as a significant test. Relative survival was calculated by using SURV software, and its annual percent change (APC) was estimated by the Joinpoint Regression Program. Results: The overall observed survival (OS) rates of 1-, 5-, 10-, and 20-year rates from the data series were 18.51%, 6.28%, 4.03%, and 2.84%, and their relative survival (RS) rates were 18.88%, 6.95%, 4.96%, and 4.49%, respectively. For 24,338 male cases, the 5-year OS and RS rates were 5.93% and 6.54%, and for 8218 female cases, 7.34% and 8.15%, respectively, with P values less than 0.01. Survival rates of liver cancer from three 15-year periods of 1972-1986, 1987-2001, and 2002-2016 have increased significantly, with 5-year OS rates of 2.02%, 4.40%, and 10.76%, 5-year RS rates of 2.18%, 4.83%, and 12.18%; 10-year OS and RS rates of 0.95%, 3.00%, and 7.02%, vs 1.13%, 3.65%, and 8.96%, respectively, showing a very significant upward trend (P<0.01). There are significant differences among age groups (P<0.01): those aged 55-64 demonstrated the best OS and RS rates of 5-year, being 8.44% and 9.09%, respectively. Conclusion: There are significant gender and age differences in the survival rate of liver cancer in Qidong. RWD indicates the relative lower survival rate of liver cancer in this area, but great improvement has been achieved over the past decades.

17.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569008

RESUMO

Brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) is a devastating traumatic peripheral nerve injury complicated with paralysis of the upper extremity. We previously reported that leucine-rich repeat and immunoglobulin-like domain-containing NOGO receptor-interacting protein 1 (LINGO-1) has a potent role in inhibiting neuron survival and axonal regeneration after the central nervous system (CNS) damage and miR-615 is a potential microRNA (miRNA) negatively regulated LINGO-1. However, the effect of miR-615 in BPA remains to be elucidated. Accumulating evidence indicates that pluronic F-127 (PF-127) hydrogel could serve as a promising vehicle for miRNA encapsulation. Thus, to further explore the potential role of hydrogel-miR-615 in BPA-reimplantation, the present study established the BPA rat model and injected miR-615 agomir encapsulated by PF-127 hydrogel into the reimplantation site using a microsyringe. In this study, results indicated that hydrogel-miR-615 agomir effectively alleviated motoneuron loss by LINGO-1 inhibition, promoted musculocutaneous nerve regeneration and myelination, reduced astrocytes activation, promoted angiogenesis and attenuated peripheral amyotrophy, leading to improved motor functional rehabilitation of the upper extremity. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that miR-615-loaded PF-127 hydrogel may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for BPA treatment.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505723

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the function and its possible mechanisms of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model. Patients with AMI and normal volunteers were selected from our hospital. Sprague-Dawley rats were induced into in vivo model of AMI. H9c2 cells were treated with H2 O2 to generate injury model. A significantly lower serum gene expression of lncRNA CASC2 was detected. In rat models of AMI, lncRNA CASC2 gene expressions in heart tissue of mice with AMI were decreased. In in vitro model, downregulation of lncRNA CASC2 increased reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced oxidative stress; lncRNA CASC2 induced NADPH oxidase (NOX-2) expression and suppressed miR-18a expression; MiR-18a promoted ROS-induced oxidative stress; downregulation of miR-18a decreased ROS-induced oxidative stress. The inhibition of miR-18a reversed the effects of CASC2 downregulation on ROS-induced oxidative stress in in vitro model of AMI. The activation of miR-18a reversed the effects of CASC2 on ROS-induced oxidative stress in in vitro model of AMI. These data for the first time suggest that lncRNA CASC2 have better protective effects on AMI, which could reduce oxidative stress through their carried miR-18a and subsequently downregulating the SIRT2/ROS pathway.

19.
Viruses ; 13(9)2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578393

RESUMO

Feline calicivirus (FCV) is an important pathogen of cats that has two genogroups (GI and GII). To investigate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of FCVs in southwestern China, 162 nasal swab samples were collected from cats in animal shelters and pet hospitals. In total, 38 of the clinical samples (23.46%) were identified as FCV positive using nested RT-PCR. Phylogenetic analyses using 10 capsid protein VP1 sequences revealed that 8 GI and 2 GII strains formed two independent clusters. Additionally, three separated FCVs that were not clustered phylogenetically (two GI and one GII strains) were successfully isolated from clinical samples and their full-length genomes were obtained. Phylogenetic and recombinant analyses of a GI FCV revealed genomic breakpoints in ORF1 and ORF2 regions with evidence for recombinant events between GI sub-genogroups, which is reported in China for the first time. Furthermore, sera obtained from mice immunized independently with the three FCV isolates and a commercial vaccine were used to evaluate the cross-reactivity of neutralizing antibodies. The three separate FCVs were neutralized by each other at a 1:19 to 1:775 titer range, whereas the triple-inactivated vaccine was at a titer of 1:16, which suggested that different genogroup/sub-genogroup FCV strains exhibit significantly different titers of neutralizing antibodies, including the commercial FCV vaccine. Thus, our study revealed the genetic diversity and complex cross-reactivity levels of FCVs in southwestern China, which provides new insights for application in vaccination strategies.

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(37): 9086-9093, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519516

RESUMO

The colloidal semiconductor nanoplatelet (NPL) with broad ligand-semiconductor interface is an ideal system for surface science investigation, but the study regarding depletion effects in NPLs remains lacking. Herein we explore such effects in colloidal CdSe NPLs through Br ligation. Apart from improved brightness and red-shifted optical features, we also experimentally observed abnormal negative thermal quenching phenomena in bromide-ligated CdSe NPLs over 200 K under a cryogenic environment and up to 383 K under an ambient environment, which was absent in pristine NPLs. We speculate that the surface depletion effect shall account for these anomalous phenomena due to the susceptibility of the surface depletion region on photoexcited carrier concentration and surface condition. The existence of the depletion layer in NPLs is also validated quantitatively with k·p simulation. Besides offering an alternative explanation on the red-shifted optical properties of CdSe NPLs by Br-ligation, our findings pave the new route toward solution-processed NPLs-based optoelectronics with boosted thermal resistance.

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