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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786251

RESUMO

A novel UV-Vis photodetector consisting of an octahedral molybdenum cluster-functionalized Zn2Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) has been successfully synthesized by co-precipitation and delamination methods under ambient conditions. The electrophoretic deposition process has been used as a low-cost, fast, and effective method to fabricate thin and transparent nanocomposite films containing a dense and regular layered structure. The study provided evidence that the presence of the Mo6 cluster units between the LDH does not affect the ionic conduction mechanism of the LDH, which linearly depends on the relative humidity and temperature. Moreover, the photocurrent response is remarkably extended to the visible domain. The reproducibility and stabilization of the photocurrent response caused by the Mo6 cluster-functionalized LDH have been verified upon light excitation at 540 nm. Additionally, it was demonstrated that the films show advantageously strong adherence properties for application requirements.

2.
R Soc Open Sci ; 6(3): 181647, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032021

RESUMO

Transparent optical thin films have recently attracted a growing interest for functional window applications. In this study, highly visible transparent nanocomposite films with ultraviolet (UV)-near-infrared (NIR)-blocking capabilities are reported. Such films, composed of Mo6 and Nb6 octahedral metal atom clusters (MC) and polymethylmethacrylate polymer (PMMA), were prepared by electrophoretic deposition on indium tin oxide-coated glass (ITO glass). PMMA was found to improve both the chemical and physical stability of Mo6 and Nb6 MCs, resulting in a relatively homogeneous distribution of the clusters within the PMMA matrix, as seen by microstructural observations. The optical absorption spectrum of these transparent MC@polymer nanocomposite films was marked by contributions from their Mo6 and Nb6-based clusters (absorption in the UV range) and from the ITO layer on silica glass (absorption in the NIR range). Mo6@PMMA nanocomposite films also exhibited excellent photoluminescence properties, which were preserved even after exposure to 50°C at a relative humidity of 70% for one month. These films cumulate high transparency in the visible range with remarkable UV-NIR blocking properties and represent interesting candidates for functional glass application.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(95): 13387-13390, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421749

RESUMO

Metal cluster nanoparticles are obtained by simple solvent shifting called the Ouzo effect. Remarkably, the assembly of [{Mo6Br8}L6]2- (L = Br- or NCS-) cluster units can be directed into nanomarbles or nanocapsules depending on the cluster chemistry. When deposited on electrodes, these nanoparticles show good activities in electrochemical water splitting under mild conditions.

4.
Heliyon ; 4(6): e00654, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30009272

RESUMO

Hexanuclear tantalum bromide cluster units [{Ta6Bri12}La6] (i = inner, a = apical, L = ligand OH or H2O) are embedded into SiO2 nanoparticles by a reverse microemulsion (RM) based method. [{Ta6Bri12}Bra2 (H2O)a4]·nH2O (noted TBH) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) are used as the starting cluster compound and the precursor of SiO2, respectively. The RM system in this study consists of the n-heptane (oil phase), Brij L4 (surfactants), ethanol, TEOS, ammonia solution and TBH aqueous sol. The size and morphology of the product namely {Ta6Br12}@SiO2 nanoparticles are analyzed by HAADF-STEM and EDS mappings. The presence and integrity of {Ta6Br12} in the SiO2 nanoparticles are evidenced by EDS mapping, ICP-OES/IC and XPS analysis. The optical properties of {Ta6Br12}@SiO2 nanoparticles are analyzed by diffuse reflectance UV-vis spectroscopy, further evidencing the integrity of the embedded {Ta6Br12} and revealing their oxidation state. Both {Ta6Br12}2+ and {Ta6Br12}3+ are found in SiO2 nanoparticles, but the latter is much more stable than the former. The by-products in this RM-based synthesis, as well as their related factors, are also discussed.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 18(5): 3148-3157, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29442814

RESUMO

CONTEXT: as a kind of non-metal oxide SiO2 NPs have been extensively used in biomedicine, pharmaceuticals and other industrial manufacturing fields, such as DNA delivery, cancer therapy… Our group had developed a method based on microemulsion process to prepare SiO2 NPs incorporating photonic or magnetic nanocrystals and luminescent nanosized inorganic metal atom clusters. However, the toxicity of nanoparticles is known to be closely related to their physico-chemical characteristics and chemical composition. OBJECT: it is therefore of interest to investigate the toxicity of these novel SiO2 NPs to the cells that may come in contact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: the potential toxic effect of the functional @SiO2 NPs containing Mo6 clusters with or without gold nanoparticles was investigated, at concentrations 1 µg/mL, 10 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL each, on three different cell lines. Cell viability was measured by the MTT test in monolayer's culture whereas the cytotoxicity in spheroid model was examined by the APH assay. In a second time, oxidative-stress-induced cytotoxicity was investigated through glutathione levels dosages. RESULTS: the results indicated that both A549 and L929 cell lines did not exhibit susceptibility to functional @SiO2 NPs-induced oxidative stress unlike KB cells. DISCUSSION: SiO2 NPs containing CMB may become toxic to cultured cells but only at a very high dosage level. Therefore, this toxicity depends on cell lines and more, on the model of cell cultures. The selection of appropriate cell line remains a critical component in nanotoxicology. CONCLUSION: these results are relevant to future applications of SiO2 gold-cluster NPs in controlled release applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouro , Humanos , Nanopartículas , Estresse Oxidativo
6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(4): 2761-2770, 2018 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29322126

RESUMO

Hollow nanocapsules (named Hybridosomes®) possessing a polymer/nanoparticle shell were used to covalently construct hybrid films in a one-pot fashion. The alkyne bearing organic/inorganic Hybridosomes® were reticulated with azide bearing homobifunctional polyethyleneglycol (PEG) linkers, by using an electro-click reaction on F-SnO2 (FTO) electrodes. The coatings were obtained by promoting the Cu(i)-catalyzed click reaction between alkyne and azide moieties in the vicinity of the electrode by the electrochemical generation of Cu(i) ions. The physicochemical properties of the covalently reticulated hybrid films obtained were studied by SEM, AFM, UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. The one-pot covalent click reaction between the nanocapsules and the PEG linkers in the film did not affect the desirable features of the Hybridosomes® i.e. their hollow nanostructure their chemical versatility and their pH-sensitivity. Consequently, both the composition and the cargo-loading of the Hybridosomes® films could be tuned, demonstrating the versatility of these hybrid coatings. For example, the Hybridosome® films were used to encapsulate and release a bodipy fluorescent probe in response to either a pH drop or the application of an oxidative +1 V potential (vs. Ag/AgCl) at the substrate. By advancing the field of electro-synthesized films a step further toward the design of complex physicochemical interfaces, these results open perspectives for multifunctional coatings where chemical versatility, controllable stability and a hollow nanostructure are required.

7.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 18(1): 1-704, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29057021
8.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 18(1): 458-466, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28740562

RESUMO

We report the photoluminescence (PL) and cathodoluminescence (CL) properties of face-capped [Mo6Xi8La6]2- (X = Cl, Br, I; L = organic or inorganic ligands) cluster units. We show that the emission of Mo6 metal atom clusters depends not only on the nature of X and L ligands bound to the cluster and counter-cations, but also on the excitation source. Seven members of the AxMo6Xi8La6 series (A = Cs+, (n-C4H9)4N+, NH4+) were selected to evaluate the influence of counter-cations and ligands on de-excitation mechanisms responsible for multicomponent emission of cluster units. This study evaluates the ageing of each member of the series, which is crucial for further energy conversion applications (photovoltaic, lighting, water splitting, etc.).

9.
Inorg Chem ; 56(11): 6234-6243, 2017 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28509561

RESUMO

The electronic and crystal structures of Cs2[Mo6X14] (X = Cl, Br, I) cluster-based compounds were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) simulations and experimental methods such as powder X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). The experimentally determined lattice parameters were in good agreement with theoretically optimized ones, indicating the usefulness of DFT calculations for the structural investigation of these clusters. The calculated band gaps of these compounds reproduced those experimentally determined by UV-vis reflectance within an error of a few tenths of an eV. Core-level XPS and effective charge analyses indicated bonding states of the halogens changed according to their sites. The XPS valence spectra were fairly well reproduced by simulations based on the projected electron density of states weighted with cross sections of Al Kα, suggesting that DFT calculations can predict the electronic properties of metal-cluster-based crystals with good accuracy.

10.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(43): 30166-30173, 2016 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27778003

RESUMO

Bioimaging and cell labeling using red or near infrared phosphors emitting in the "therapeutic window" of biological tissues have recently become some of the most active research fields in modern medical diagnostics. However, because organic and inorganic autofluorophores are omnipresent in nature, very often the background signal from fluorochromes other than targeted probes has to be eliminated. This discrimination could be available using a time-gated luminescence microscopy (TGLM) technique associated with long lifetime phosphorescent nanocomposites. Here, we report new SiO2 nanostructured particle (50 nm in diameter) embedded luminescent nanosized [Mo6I8(C2F5COO)6]2- metal atom clusters (1 nm in diameter), successfully prepared by the microemulsion technique. This combination provides new physical insight and displays red emission in biological based solution under UV-Vis excitation with long lifetimes of around 17 and 84 µs. Moreover, the nanoparticles can be internalized by cancer cells after surface functionalization by transferrin protein and clearly imaged by TGLM under excitation at 365 nm. The nanocomposites have been mainly characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopies (SEM and HAADF-STEM), UV-Vis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies.

11.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 17(1): 443-453, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27877895

RESUMO

The development of phosphor devices free of heavy metal or rare earth elements is an important issue for environmental reasons and energy efficiency. Different mixtures of ZnO nanocrystals with Cs2Mo6I8(OOC2F5)6 cluster compound (CMIF) dispersed into polyvinylpyrrolidone matrix have been prepared by very simple and low cost solution chemistry. The resulting solutions have been used to fabricate highly transparent and luminescent films by dip coating free of heavy metal or rare earth elements. The luminescence properties of solution and dip-coated films were investigated. The luminescence of such a system is strongly dependent on the ratios between ZnO and CMIF amounts, the excitation wavelength and the nature of the system. By varying these two parameters (ratio and wavelength), a large variety of colors, from blue to red as well as white, can be achieved. In addition, differences in the luminescence properties have been observed between solutions and thin films as well as changes of CMIF emission band maximum wavelength. This may suggest some possible interactions between the different luminophore centers, such as energy transfer or ligands exchange on the Mo6 clusters.

12.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 17(1): 597-609, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27877906

RESUMO

The effects of laser irradiation on γ-Fe2O3 4 ± 1 nm diameter maghemite nanocrystals synthesized by co-precipitation and dispersed into an amorphous silica matrix by sol-gel methods have been investigated as function of iron oxide mass fraction. The structural properties of γ-Fe2O3 phase were carefully examined by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. It has been shown that γ-Fe2O3 nanocrystals are isolated from each other and uniformly dispersed in silica matrix. The phase stability of maghemite nanocrystals was examined in situ under laser irradiation by Raman spectroscopy and compared with that resulting from heat treatment by X-ray diffraction. It was concluded that ε-Fe2O3 is an intermediate phase between γ-Fe2O3 and α-Fe2O3 and a series of distinct Raman vibrational bands were identified with the ε-Fe2O3 phase. The structural transformation of γ-Fe2O3 into α-Fe2O3 occurs either directly or via ε-Fe2O3, depending on the rate of nanocrystal agglomeration, the concentration of iron oxide in the nanocomposite and the properties of silica matrix. A phase diagram is established as a function of laser power density and concentration.

13.
Chemistry ; 21(48): 17466-73, 2015 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26471940

RESUMO

Heteronuclear lanthanide-based coordination polymers are microcrystalline powders, the luminescence properties of which can be precisely tuned by judicious choice of the rare-earth ions. In this study, we demonstrate that such materials can also be obtained as stable solutions of nanoparticles in non-toxic polyols. Bulk powders of the formula [Ln2-2x Ln'2x (bdc)3 ⋅4 H2 O]∞ (where H2 bdc denotes 1,4-benzene-dicarboxylic acid, 0≤x≤1, and Ln and Ln' denote lanthanide ions of the series La to Tm plus Y) afford nanoparticles that have been characterized by dynamic light-scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. Their luminescence properties are similar to those of the bulk materials. Stabilities versus time and versus dilution with another solvent have been studied. This study has revealed that it is possible to tune the size of the nanoparticles. This process offers a reliable means of synthesizing suspensions of nanoparticles with tunable luminescence properties and tunable size distributions in a green solvent (glycerol). The process is also extendable to other coordination polymers and other solvents (ethylene glycol, for example). It constitutes a new route for the facile solubilization of lanthanide-based coordination polymers.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Polímeros/química , Íons , Luminescência , Nanopartículas , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Soluções
14.
Anal Chem ; 87(20): 10346-53, 2015 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26383030

RESUMO

The foundation of nanoscience is that the properties of materials change as a function of their physical dimensions, and nanotechnology exploits this premise by applying selected property modifications for a specific benefit. However, to investigate the fate and effect of the engineered nanoparticles on toxic metal (TM) mobility, the analytical limitations in a natural environment remain a critical problem to overcome. Recently, a new generation of size exclusion chromatography (SEC) columns developed with spherical silica is available for pore sizes between 5 and 400 nm, allowing the analysis of nanoparticles. In this study, these columns were applied to the analysis of metal-based nanoparticles in environmental and artificial samples. The new method allows quantitative measurements of the interactions among nanoparticles, organic matter, and metals. Moreover, because of the new nanoscale SEC, our method allows the study of these interactions for different size ranges of nanoparticles and weights of organic molecules with a precision of 1.2 × 10(-2) kDa. The method was successfully applied to the study of nanomagnetite spiked in complex matrixes, such as sewage sludge, groundwater, tap water, and different artificial samples containing Leonardite humic acid and different toxic metals (i.e., As, Pb, Th). Finally, our results showed that different types of interactions, such as adsorption, stabilization, and/or destabilization of nanomagnetite could be observed using this new method.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 54(12): 6043-54, 2015 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26024151

RESUMO

For the first time, hexanuclear complexes with general chemical formula [Ln6O(OH)8(NO3)6(H2O)n](2+) with n = 12 for Ln = Sm-Lu and Y and n = 14 for Ln = Pr and Nd were stabilized as nanoaggregates in ethylene glycol (EG). These unprecedented nanoaggregates were structurally characterized by (89)Y and (1)H NMR spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption and luminescence spectroscopies, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, diffusion ordered spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and dynamic light scattering. These nanoaggregates present a 200 nm mean solvodynamic diameter. In these nanoaggregates, hexanuclear complexes are isolated and solvated by EG molecules. The replacement of ethylene glycol by 2-hydroxybenzyl alcohol provides new nanoaggregates that present an antenna effect toward lanthanide ions. This results in a significant enhancement of the luminescence properties of the aggregates and demonstrates the suitability of the strategy for obtaining highly tunable luminescent solutions.

16.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 16(3): 036002, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27877813

RESUMO

Perovskites are mixed-metal oxides that are attracting much scientific and application interest owing to their low price, adaptability, and thermal stability, which often depend on bulk and surface characteristics. These materials have been extensively explored for their catalytic, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties. They are promising candidates for the photocatalytic splitting of water and have also been extensively studied for environmental catalysis applications. Oxygen and cation non-stoichiometry can be tailored in a large number of perovskite compositions to achieve the desired catalytic activity, including multifunctional catalytic properties. Despite the extensive uses, the commercial success for this class of perovskite-based catalytic materials has not been achieved for vehicle exhaust emission control or for many other environmental applications. With recent advances in synthesis techniques, including the preparation of supported perovskites, and increasing understanding of promoted substitute perovskite-type materials, there is a growing interest in applied studies of perovskite-type catalytic materials. We have studied a number of perovskites based on Co, Mn, Ru, and Fe and their substituted compositions for their catalytic activity in terms of diesel soot oxidation, three-way catalysis, N2O decomposition, low-temperature CO oxidation, oxidation of volatile organic compounds, etc. The enhanced catalytic activity of these materials is attributed mainly to their altered redox properties, the promotional effect of co-ions, and the increased exposure of catalytically active transition metals in certain preparations. The recent lowering of sulfur content in fuel and concerns over the cost and availability of precious metals are responsible for renewed interest in perovskite-type catalysts for environmental applications.

17.
Int J Pharm ; 478(1): 193-201, 2015 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25448582

RESUMO

In neonates as well as in adults having swallowing difficulty, oral medication is given through a nasogastric tube making liquid formulations preferable. In this study, we present the high potential of nanometric emulsions formulated by spontaneous surfactant diffusion, as extemporaneous formulations of hydrophobic drug. Spironolactone used as hydrophobic drug model, was incorporated in oil before formulation at a concentration of 13.5mg/g oil. Then, all formulations were evaluated from pharmacotechnical and clinical standpoints, for their use in hospital or community pharmacy. The strength of this new liquid formulation lies on the simplicity, efficiency and reproducibility of their low energy process as on clinical aspects: high dose uniformity, facility to be administered through in nasogastric tube without any retention and a stability of 2 months at least compatible for an extemporaneous use. Moreover, this emulsion presented spironolactone content of 3.75 mg/ml among the most concentrated formulations published.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Espironolactona/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Emulsões , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Óleos/química , Solubilidade , Tensoativos/química , Viscosidade
18.
Chemistry ; 20(42): 13770-6, 2014 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25186659

RESUMO

Liquid-crystalline hybrid nanomaterials have been obtained by grafting mesogenic units around luminescent ZnO nanocrystals of 5 nm in diameter. Modifying the mesogenic density around the inorganic core allows the modulation of the liquid-crystalline behavior and its miscibility in commercial liquid crystal (LC). The strong blue photoluminescence observed for the hybrids can be modulated by applying a voltage on a LC cell containing commercial LC and 10 wt % of hybrid.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 424: 132-40, 2014 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24767509

RESUMO

We report on the synthesis, characterization and photophysical study of new luminescent and magnetic hybrid silica nanoparticles. Our method is based on the co-encapsulation of single maghemite γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and luminescent molybdenum cluster units [Mo6Br(i)8Br(a)6](2-) through a water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion technique. The as-prepared core-shell [Cs2Mo6Br14-γFe2O3]@SiO2 nanoparticles (45-53 nm) possess a single magnetic core (6, 10.5 or 15 nm) and the cluster units are dispersed in the entire volume of the silica sphere. The [Cs2Mo6Br14-γFe2O3]@SiO2 nanoparticles have a perfect spherical shape with a good monodispersity and they display red and near-infrared (NIR) emission in water under UV excitation, whose intensity depends on the magnetic core size. The hybrid nanoparticles have been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high annular angular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy and magnetometer SQUID analysis. Small gold nanoparticles were successfully nucleated at the surface of the hybrid silica nanoparticles in order to add plasmonic properties.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 41(34): 10396-404, 2012 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22814869

RESUMO

New titanium complexes of general formula [(ArO)(n)Ti(Oi-Pr)((4-n))] were synthesized and used as pre-catalysts for the selective dimerization of ethylene to 1-butene. The complexes were prepared in cyclohexane using [Ti(Oi-Pr)(4)] and one or two equivalents of the corresponding phenols (ArOH) at room temperature. In this work, both monodentate and chelating phenols were evaluated. For alkyl-substituted phenols, it was demonstrated that large steric hindrance at both ortho and ortho' positions selectively yielded the mono-substituted complexes [(ArO)Ti(Oi-Pr)(3)]. Substitution at only one of the ortho positions allowed both the mono- and the di-substituted Ti complexes to be isolated. When a heteroatom was introduced on the phenol backbone, di-substitution systematically occurred except with phenols presenting a hemilabile -CH(2)NR(2) group at the ortho position. Upon activation with 3 equiv. of AlEt(3) at 20 bar and 60 °C, all the complexes selectively dimerized ethylene to 1-butene (>86% of butenes among which 99% of 1-butene). An increase of the steric bulk at the ortho position of the ligand or the introduction of a functional group led to decreased activity compared to [Ti(Oi-Pr)(4)].

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