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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-986004

RESUMO

A 50-year-old man with a 15-year history of elevated blood glucose and an approximately 2-year history of diarrhea was admitted to the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. The initial diagnosis was type 2 diabetes. After repeated pancreatitis and pancreatoduodenectomy, severe pancreatic endocrine and exocrine dysfunction including alternating high and low blood glucose and fat diarrhea occurred. Tests for type 1 diabetes-related antibodies were all negative, C-peptide levels were substantially reduced, fat-soluble vitamin levels were reduced, and there was no obvious insulin resistance. Therefore, a diagnosis of pancreatic diabetes was clear. The patient was given small doses of insulin and supplementary pancreatin and micronutrients. Diarrhea was relieved and blood glucose was controlled. The purpose of this article is to raise clinicians' awareness of the possibility of pancreatic diabetes after pancreatitis or pancreatic surgery. Timely intervention and monitoring may reduce the occurrence of complications.


Assuntos
Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Desnutrição/complicações
2.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-311364

RESUMO

The study illustrate the inner correlation between global DNA methylation variation and different birth weights. Infant birth weight was used to identify cases and controls. Cord blood and placentas were collected. We performed DNA methylation profiling of bisulphite-converted DNA. We have identified many differentially methylated CpG sites in experimental groups; these sites involved in hundreds of signalings. Among these, more than ten pathways were referred to the glucose and lipid metabolism. Methylation changes in the insulin-signaling pathway (ISP), adipocytokine signaling pathway (ASP) and MAPK signaling pathway are involved in the fetal programming of diabetes..


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Peso ao Nascer , Metilação de DNA , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Fisiologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Tamanho do Órgão , Placenta , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-281447

RESUMO

Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of 261 cases of hospitalized patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH).Methods Clinical data of 261 cases of hospitalized patients diagnosed with T1DM in the Department of Endocrinology at PUMCH from January 2007 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were divided into the T1DM antibodies positive group (n=180) and negative group (n=81) according to the results of immunohistochemistry, in which 123 newly diagnosed T1DM patients were divided into the adult onset group (>18 years, n=58) and non-adult onset group (≤18 years, n=65) according to the onset age of T1DM, respectively. The clinical characteristics from different groups were compared.Results In 261 patients, the average age was 26.6±15.4 years, the average disease duration was 49 (1-480) months, the positive rate of antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody was 58.8% (153/260). The level of 2-hour postprandial C peptide and the positive rate of T1DM antibodies in the non-adult onset group were higher than those in the adult onset group (0.98 vs. 0.52 ng/ml, P=0.002 and 80.4% vs. 62.5%, P=0.048). The age of onset in the T1DM antibodies positive group was smaller than that in the T1DM antibodies negative group (19.7±11.4 vs. 24.7±15.6 years, P=0.04), while the incidence of ketosis in the T1DM antibodies positive group was higher than that in the T1DM antibodies negative group (48.3% vs. 34.2%, P=0.035). With the progress of the disease, the fasting C peptide level of the T1DM antibodies positive group decreased more rapidly. Compared with the single time hospitalized patients, multiple hospitalized patients had a lower incidence of diabetic retinopathy (8.2% vs. 22.4%, P=0.032), a lower hemoglobin A1level (8.04%±2.10% vs. 9.56%±2.64%, P<0.001) and fasting blood glucose level (8.7±3.1 vs. 10.9±4.2 mmol/L, P<0.001).Conclusions Compared with the non-adult onset T1DM patients, the islet function of adult onset patients was even worse. In the T1DM antibodies positive patients, the islet β cell function decreased more rapidly, so the antibodies could not only clarify the diagnosis of T1DM and also predict prognosis of the islet β cell function. In the management of T1DM patients, regular hospital revisits contributed to get better glycemic control and reduced the occurrence of diabetic complications.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1873-1878, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-335692

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Fetal insulin hypothesis was proposed that the association between low birth weight and type 2 diabetes is principally genetically mediated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether common variants in genes CDKAL1, HHEX, ADCY5, SRR, PTPRD that predisposed to type 2 diabetes were also associated with reduced birthweight in Chinese Han population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs7756992/rs10946398 in CDKAL1, rs1111875 in HHEX, rs391300 in SRR, rs17584499 in PTPRD, rs1170806/rs9883204/rs4678017/rs9881942/rs7641344/rs6777397/rs6226243 in ADCY5) were genotyped in 1174 unrelated individuals born in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 1921 to 1954 by TaqMan allelic discrimination assays, of which 645 had normal glucose tolerance, 181 had developed type 2 diabetes and 348 impaired glucose regulation. Associations of these 12 genetic variants with birthweight and glucose metabolism in later life were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Birthweight was inversely associated with CDKAL1-rs10946398 (β = -41 g [95% confidence interval [CI]: -80, -3], P = 0.034), common variants both associated with increased risk of impaired glucose metabolism and decreased insulin secretion index later in life. After adjusting for sex, gestational weeks, parity and maternal age, the risk allele of CDKAL1-rs7756992 was associated with reduced birthweight (β = -36 g [95% CI: -72, -0.2], P = 0.048). The risk allele in SRR showed a trend toward a reduction of birthweight (P = 0.085).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study identified the association between type 2 diabetes risk variants in CDKAL1 and birthweight in Chinese Han individuals, and the carrier of risk allele within SRR had the trend of reduced birthweight. This demonstrates that there is a clear overlap between the genetics of type 2 diabetes and fetal growth, which proposes that lower birth weight and type 2 diabetes may be two phenotypes of one genotype.</p>


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adenilil Ciclases , Genética , Alelos , Povo Asiático , Genética , Peso ao Nascer , Genética , Quinase 5 Dependente de Ciclina , Genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Genética , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Genética , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 2 Semelhantes a Receptores , Genética , Fatores de Transcrição , Genética , tRNA Metiltransferases
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 162-170, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-308206

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Chromium is an essential mineral that is thought to be necessary for normal glucose homeostasis. Numerous studies give evidence that chromium picolinate can modulate blood glucose and insulin resistance. The main ingredient of Tianmai Xiaoke (TMXK) Tablet is chromium picolinate. In China, TMXK Tablet is used to treat type 2 diabetes. This study investigated the effect of TMXK on glucose metabolism in diabetic rats to explore possible underlying molecular mechanisms for its action.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Diabetes was induced in rats by feeding a high-fat diet and subcutaneously injection with a single dose of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg, tail vein). One week after streptozotocin-injection, model rats were divided into diabetic group, low dose of TMXK group and high dose of TMXK group. Eight normal rats were used as normal control. After 8 weeks of treatment, skeletal muscle was obtained and was analyzed using Roche NimbleGen mRNA array and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Fasting blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance test and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index were also measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The authors found that the administration of TMXK Tablet can reduce the fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin level and HOMA-IR index. The authors also found that 2 223 genes from skeletal muscle of the high-dose TMXK group had significant changes in expression (1 752 increased, 471 decreased). Based on Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway analysis, the most three significant pathways were "insulin signaling pathway", "glycolysis/gluconeogenesis" and "citrate cycle (TCA)". qPCR showed that relative levels of forkhead box O3 (FoxO3), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 2 (Pck2), and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (Ptp1b) were significantly decreased in the high-dose TMXK group, while v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 (Akt1) and insulin receptor substrate 2 (Irs2) were increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data show that TMXK Tablet reduces fasting glucose level and improves insulin resistance in diabetic rats. The mechanism may be linked to the inactivation of PTP1B and PCK enzymes, or through intracellular pathways, such as the insulin signaling pathway.</p>


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Glicemia , Cromo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Tratamento Farmacológico , Metabolismo , Insulina , Fisiologia , Resistência à Insulina , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fosfoenolpiruvato Carboxiquinase (ATP) , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1 , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais , Comprimidos
6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-352970

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct and identify a adenovirus vector of the expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and to explore the role of CTGF in the metabolism of glucose and lipid.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The over-expressed plasmid of CTGF was cloned, and then the CTGF sequences were cloned into pAdTrack-CMW vector. The reformed E. coli BJ5183-sensitive bacteria that contain pAdEasy-1 were transformed with lined vector cut by Pme I enzyme. The recombinant adenovirus vector was cut with Pac I enzyme and obtained, then transfected 293A cells to produce virus. Through three times of amplification, the adenovirus infected the primary hepatocytes to determine the infection efficiency and CTGF expression. The mice were starved for several time periods, and then the liver RNA was extracted for real-time PCR to detect the expressions of CTGF under different nutritional conditions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The adenovirus of CTGF was successfully produced with an infection efficiency of 90%. The expressions of the CTGF were different under different nutritional conditions and showed a coincidence with the expression of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha. After the mice were starved for 24h, the expression of CTGF increased by (2.38 +/- 0.51) folds; after the mice were starved for 48 h, the expression of CTGF increased by (2.95 +/- 0.57) folds (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CTGF is speculated to be involved in the metabolism of glucose and lipids.</p>


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Adenoviridae , Genética , Linhagem Celular , Fator de Crescimento do Tecido Conjuntivo , Genética , Escherichia coli , Genética , Vetores Genéticos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Plasmídeos , Transfecção
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1158-1162, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-352599

RESUMO

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia is a group of diseases characterised by defective mineralization of bone due to hypophosphatemia and low 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D. To explore the role of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) in the regulation of phosphate homeostasis, we measured the circulating concentrations of this growth factor in healthy individuals and in patients with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nineteen patients with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia were included in hypophosphatemic group (HP, 12 female and 7 male, mean age was 30 years), and 19 healthy age-matched individuals served as the control group. Full length FGF-23 fragments were measured by two-site enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Mean FGF-23 concentrations were significantly higher in the HP group ((87.4 +/- 43.6) pg/ml) compared with the control group ((19.2 +/- 6.16) pg/ml; P < 0.001). In 1 patient with tumour-induced osteomalacia, serum FGF-23 concentrations were 84.1 pg/ml; these concentrations were normalized 2 hours after a hemangiopericytoma resection (7.8 pg/ml). Subsequently, serum 1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D3 concentrations significantly increased from 21.3 pg/ml to 89.3 pg/ml, and serum phosphorus levels were normalized.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serum FGF-23 concentrations were markedly elevated in patients with hypophosphatemic rickets. FGF-23 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia.</p>


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Calcitriol , Sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Raquitismo Hipofosfatêmico Familiar , Sangue , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Sangue , Osteomalacia , Sangue , Fosfatos , Sangue
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