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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629167

RESUMO

Tripterygium wilfordii has been historically employed as a conventional botanical insecticide and a plant of medicinal significance. A new dihydroagarofuran sesquiterpene (1) and a new acyclic compound (2), along with seven known compounds (3-9), have been isolated from the aerial parts of Tripterygium wilfordii. The identification of the structures of novel compounds were accomplished through comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, encompassing HRESIMS, NMR, UV, IR, and a comparative analysis with spectroscopic data from compounds previously characterised. In in-vitro bioassay, compound 8 exhibited significant inhibitory activity for NO release in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, with an IC50 value of 15.7 µM.

2.
Open Life Sci ; 19(1): 20220854, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633414

RESUMO

Large segmental bone defects are commonly operated with autologous bone grafting, which has limited bone sources and poses additional surgical risks. In this study, we fabricated poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) composite membranes by electrostatic spinning and further promoted osteogenesis by regulating the release of ß-TCP in the hope of replacing autologous bone grafts in the clinical practice. The addition of ß-TCP improved the mechanical strength of PLGA by 2.55 times. Moreover, ß-TCP could accelerate the degradation of PLGA and neutralize the negative effects of acidification of the microenvironment caused by PLGA degradation. In vitro experiments revealed that PLGA/TCP10 membranes are biocompatible and the released ß-TCP can modulate the activity of osteoblasts by enhancing the calcium ions concentration in the damaged area and regulating the pH of the local microenvironment. Simultaneously, an increase in ß-TCP can moderate the lactate content of the local microenvironment, synergistically enhancing osteogenesis by promoting the tube-forming effect of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Therefore, it is potential to utilize PLGA/TCP bioactive membranes to modulate the microenvironment at the site of bone defects to promote bone regeneration.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607153

RESUMO

In recent years, fluoride pollution in water is a problem that has attracted much attention from researchers. The removal of fluoride-containing wastewater by adsorption with metal oxide as an adsorbent is the most common treatment method. Based on this, the effect of the doping ratio of La2O3, Fe2O3, and Al2O3 on the fluoride-removal performance was discussed by constructing a phase diagram. In this study, the adsorption mechanism of nanocrystalline lanthanum oxide terpolymer was investigated by density functional theory calculation and experiment. The optimal pH condition selected in the experiment was three, and the adsorption kinetics of fluoride ions were more consistent with the quasi-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption thermodynamics was more consistent with the Langmuir model. When the La-Fe-Al ternary composite oxides achieved the optimal adsorption efficiency for fluoride ions, the mass synthesis ratio was Al2O3:(Fe2O3:La2O3 = 1:2) = 1:100, resulting in a fluoride ion removal rate of up to 99.78%. Density functional calculations revealed that the La-Fe-Al ternary composite oxides had three important adsorption sites for La, Fe, and Al. Among them, the adsorption capacity for HF was Fe2O3 > La2O3 > Al2O3, and for F- was La2O3 > Al2O3 > Fe2O3. This provided good guidance for designing adsorbents to remove fluoride.

4.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 388, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627435

RESUMO

Construction waste is unavoidable in the process of urban development, causing serious environmental pollution. Accurate assessment of municipal construction waste generation requires building construction waste identification models using deep learning technology. However, this process requires high-quality public datasets for model training and validation. This study utilizes Google Earth and GF-2 images as the data source to construct a specific dataset of construction waste landfills in the Changping and Daxing districts of Beijing, China. This dataset contains 3,653 samples of the original image areas and provides mask-labeled images in the semantic segmentation domains. Each pixel within a construction waste landfill is classified into 4 categories of the image areas, including background area, vacant landfillable area, engineering facility area, and waste dumping area. The dataset contains 237,115,531 pixels of construction waste and 49,724,513 pixels of engineering facilities. The pixel-level semantic segmentation labels are provided to quantify the construction waste yield, which can serve as the basic data for construction waste extraction and yield estimation both for academic and industrial research.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Pequim , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , China
5.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(6): 2202-2218, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617530

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. The poor prognosis of this malignancy is attributed mainly to the persistent activation of cancer signaling for metastasis. Here, we showed that protein tyrosine phosphatase-like A domain containing 1 (PTPLAD1) is down-regulated in highly metastatic CRC cells and negatively associated with poor survival of CRC patients. Systematic analysis reveals that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and mitochondrial fusion-to-fission (MFT) transition are two critical features for CRC patients with low expression of PTPLAD1. PTPLAD1 overexpression suppresses the metastasis of CRC in vivo and in vitro by inhibiting the Raf/ERK signaling-mediated EMT and mitofission. Mechanically, PTPLAD1 binds with PHB via its middle fragment (141-178 amino acids) and induces dephosphorylation of PHB-Y259 to disrupt the interaction of PHB-Raf, resulting in the inactivation of Raf/ERK signaling. Our results unveil a novel mechanism in which Raf/ERK signaling activated in metastatic CRC induces EMT and mitochondrial fission simultaneously, which can be suppressed by PTPLAD1. This finding may provide a new paradigm for developing more effective treatment strategies for CRC.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Neoplasias do Colo , Humanos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Proibitinas , Transdução de Sinais , Quinases raf
6.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 60, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a persistent disease of the lung interstitium for which there is no efficacious pharmacological therapy. Protodioscin, a steroidal saponin, possesses diverse pharmacological properties; however, its function in pulmonary fibrosis is yet to be established. Hence, in this investigation, it was attempted to figure out the anti-pulmonary fibrosis influences of protodioscin and its pharmacological properties related to oxidative stress. METHODS: A mouse lung fibrosis model was generated using tracheal injections of bleomycin, followed by intraperitoneal injection of different concentrations of protodioscin, and the levels of oxidative stress and fibrosis were detected in the lungs. Multiple fibroblasts were treated with TGF-ß to induce their transition to myofibroblasts. It was attempted to quantify myofibroblast markers' expression levels and reactive oxygen species levels as well as Nrf2 activation after co-incubation of TGF-ß with fibroblasts and different concentrations of protodioscin. The influence of protodioscin on the expression and phosphorylation of p62, which is associated with Nrf2 activation, were detected, and p62 related genes were predicted by STRING database. The effects of Nrf2 inhibitor or silencing of the Nrf2, p62 and NBR1 genes, respectively, on the activation of Nrf2 by protodioscin were examined. The associations between p62, NBR1, and Keap1 in the activation of Nrf2 by protodioscin was demonstrated using a co-IP assay. Nrf2 inhibitor were used when protodioscin was treated in mice with pulmonary fibrosis and lung tissue fibrosis and oxidative stress levels were detected. RESULTS: In vivo, protodioscin decreased the levels of fibrosis markers and oxidative stress markers and activated Nrf2 in mice with pulmonary fibrosis, and these effects were inhibited by Nrf2 inhibitor. In vitro, protodioscin decreased the levels of myofibroblast markers and oxidative stress markers during myofibroblast transition and promoted Nrf2 downstream gene expression, with reversal of these effects after Nrf2, p62 and NBR1 genes were silenced or Nrf2 inhibitors were used, respectively. Protodioscin promoted the binding of NBR1 to p62 and Keap1, thereby reducing Keap1-Nrf2 binding. CONCLUSION: The NBR1-p62-Nrf2 axis is targeted by protodioscin to reduce oxidative stress and inhibit pulmonary fibrosis.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1342706, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596787

RESUMO

Chromobacterium violaceum (C. violaceum) is a gram-negative bacillus that is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas. Although C. violaceum rarely infects humans, it can cause critical illness with a mortality rate above 50%. Here, we report the successful treatment of a 15-year-old male who presented with bloodstream infection of C. violaceum along with sepsis, specific skin lesions, and liver abscesses. Cardiogenic shock induced by sepsis was reversed by venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO). Moreover, C. violaceum-related purpura fulminans, which is reported herein for the first time, was ameliorated after treatment. This case report demonstrates the virulence of C. violaceum with the aim of raising clinical awareness of this disease.

8.
Small Methods ; : e2301406, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594964

RESUMO

Compared with the conventional emulsification method, droplets generated within microfluidic devices exhibit distinct advantages such as precise control of fluids, exceptional monodispersity, uniform morphology, flexible manipulation, and narrow size distribution. These inherent benefits, including intrinsic safety, excellent heat and mass transfer capabilities, and large surface-to-volume ratio, have led to the widespread applications of droplet-based microfluidics across diverse fields, encompassing chemical engineering, particle synthesis, biological detection, diagnostics, emulsion preparation, and pharmaceuticals. However, despite its promising potential for versatile applications, the practical utilization of this technology in commercial and industrial is extremely limited to the inherently low production rates achievable within a single microchannel. Over the past two decades, droplet-based microfluidics has evolved significantly, considerably transitioning from a proof-of-concept stage to industrialization. And now there is a growing trend towards translating academic research into commercial and industrial applications, primarily driven by the burgeoning demands of various fields. This paper comprehensively reviews recent advancements in droplet-based microfluidics, covering the fundamental working principles and the critical aspect of scale-up integration from working principles to scale-up integration. Based on the existing scale-up strategies, the paper also outlines the future research directions, identifies the potential opportunities, and addresses the typical unsolved challenges.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 710: 149883, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588611

RESUMO

Congenital heart diseases are the most common birth defects around the world. Emerging evidence suggests that mitochondrial homeostasis is required for normal heart development. In mitochondria, a series of molecular chaperones including heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) are engaged in assisting the import and folding of mitochondrial proteins. However, it remains largely obscure whether and how these mitochondrial chaperones regulate cardiac development. Here, we generated a cardiac-specific Hspd1 deletion mouse model by αMHC-Cre and investigated the role of HSP60 in cardiac development. We observed that deletion of HSP60 in embryonic cardiomyocytes resulted in abnormal heart development and embryonic lethality, characterized by reduced cardiac cell proliferation and thinner ventricular walls, highlighting an essential role of cardiac HSP60 in embryonic heart development and survival. Our results also demonstrated that HSP60 deficiency caused significant downregulation of mitochondrial ETC subunits and induced mitochondrial stress. Analysis of gene expression revealed that P21 that negatively regulates cell proliferation is significantly upregulated in HSP60 knockout hearts. Moreover, HSP60 deficiency induced activation of eIF2α-ATF4 pathway, further indicating the underlying mitochondrial stress in cardiomyocytes after HSP60 deletion. Taken together, our study demonstrated that regular function of mitochondrial chaperones is pivotal for maintaining normal mitochondrial homeostasis and embryonic heart development.

10.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611876

RESUMO

Although the long-term survival rate for leukemia has made significant progress over the years with the development of chemotherapeutics, patients still suffer from relapse, leading to an unsatisfactory outcome. To discover the new effective anti-leukemia compounds, we synthesized a series of dianilinopyrimidines and evaluated the anti-leukemia activities of those compounds by using leukemia cell lines (HEL, Jurkat, and K562). The results showed that the dianilinopyrimidine analog H-120 predominantly displayed the highest cytotoxic potential in HEL cells. It remarkably induced apoptosis of HEL cells by activating the apoptosis-related proteins (cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9 and cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP)), increasing apoptosis protein Bad expression, and decreasing the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL). Furthermore, it induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M; concomitantly, we observed the activation of p53 and a reduction in phosphorylated cell division cycle 25C (p-CDC25C) / Cyclin B1 levels in treated cells. Additionally, the mechanism study revealed that H-120 decreased these phosphorylated signal transducers and activators of transcription 3, rat sarcoma, phosphorylated cellular RAF proto-oncogene serine / threonine kinase, phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and cellular myelocytomatosis oncogene (p-STAT3, Ras, p-C-Raf, p-MEK, p-MRK, and c-Myc) protein levels in HEL cells. Using the cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins isolation assay, we found for the first time that H-120 can inhibit the activation of STAT3 and c-Myc and block STAT3 phosphorylation and dimerization. Moreover, H-120 treatment effectively inhibited the disease progression of erythroleukemia mice by promoting erythroid differentiation into the maturation of erythrocytes and activating the immune cells. Significantly, H-120 also improved liver function in erythroleukemia mice. Therefore, H-120 may be a potential chemotherapeutic drug for leukemia patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda , Leucemia , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno , Fosforilação , Dimerização , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Fator de Transcrição STAT3
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616709

RESUMO

Herein, a general strategy for the remote-site-selective cascade addition/cyclization of unactivated C(sp3)-H bonds in free alcohols and sulfonamides to build isoquinolinonedione skeletons is developed. The site selectivity occurs predominantly via a 1,5-hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) process, triggered by heteroatom-centred radicals generated directly under silver catalysis. A broad substrate scope and excellent regio-/chemo-selective control are demonstrated in this method.

12.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619924

RESUMO

As people age, their ability to resist injury and repair damage decreases significantly. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has demonstrated diverse therapeutic effects on tissue repair. However, the inconsistency of patient outcomes poses a challenge to the practical application of PRP in clinical practice. Furthermore, a comprehensive understanding of the specific impact of aging on PRP requires a systematic investigation. We derived PRP from 6 young volunteers and 6 elderly volunteers, respectively. Subsequently, 95% of high-abundance proteins were removed, followed by mass spectrometry analysis. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with the identifier PXD050061. We detected a total of 739 proteins and selected 311 proteins that showed significant differences, including 76 upregulated proteins in the young group and 235 upregulated proteins in the elderly group. Functional annotation and enrichment analysis unveiled upregulation of proteins associated with cell apoptosis, angiogenesis, and complement and coagulation cascades in the elderly. Conversely, IGF1 was found to be upregulated in the young group, potentially serving as the central source of enhanced cell proliferation ability. Our investigation not only provides insights into standardizing PRP preparation but also offers novel strategies for augmenting the functionality of aging cells or tissues.

13.
PLoS Pathog ; 20(4): e1012116, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557908

RESUMO

Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19, continues to mutate and generates new variants with increasingly severe immune escape, urging the upgrade of COVID-19 vaccines. Here, based on a similar dimeric RBD design as our previous ZF2001 vaccine, we developed a novel broad-spectrum COVID-19 mRNA vaccine, SWIM516, with chimeric Delta-BA.2 RBD dimer delivered by lipopolyplex (LPP). Unlike the popular lipid nanoparticle (LNP), this LPP-delivered mRNA expresses only in the injection site, which avoids potential toxicity to the liver. We demonstrated the broad-spectrum humoral and cellular immunogenicity of this vaccine to Delta and Omicron sub-variants in naïve mice and as booster shots. When challenged with Delta or Omicron live virus, vaccinated human angiotensin-converting enzyme (hACE2) transgenic mice and rhesus macaques were both protected, displaying significantly reduced viral loads and markedly relieved pathological damages. We believe the SWIM516 vaccine qualifies as a candidate for the next-generation broad-spectrum COVID-19 vaccine.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas de mRNA , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Macaca mulatta , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Imunização Secundária , Camundongos Transgênicos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
14.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568751

RESUMO

Peroxisomal compartmentalization has emerged as a highly promising strategy for reconstituting intricate metabolic pathways. In recent years, significant progress has been made in the peroxisomes through harnessing precursor pools, circumventing metabolic crosstalk, and minimizing the cytotoxicity of exogenous pathways. However, it is important to note that in methylotrophic yeasts (e.g. Pichia pastoris), the abundance and protein composition of peroxisomes are highly variable, particularly when peroxisome proliferation is induced by specific carbon sources. The intricate subcellular localization of native proteins, the variability of peroxisomal metabolic pathways, and the lack of systematic characterization of peroxisome targeting signals have limited the applications of peroxisomal compartmentalization in P. pastoris. Accordingly, this study established a high-throughput screening method based on ß-carotene biosynthetic pathway to evaluate the targeting efficiency of PTS1s (Peroxisome Targeting Signal Type 1) in P. pastoris. First, 25 putative endogenous PTS1s were characterized and 3 PTS1s with high targeting efficiency were identified. Then, directed evolution of PTS1s was performed by constructing two PTS1 mutant libraries, and a total of 51 PTS1s (29 classical and 22 noncanonical PTS1s) with presumably higher peroxisomal targeting efficiency were identified, part of which were further characterized via confocal microscope. Finally, the newly identified PTS1s were employed for peroxisomal compartmentalization of the geraniol biosynthetic pathway, resulting in more than 30% increase in the titer of monoterpene compared with when the pathway was localized to the cytosol. The present study expands the synthetic biology toolkit and lays a solid foundation for peroxisomal compartmentalization in P. pastoris.

15.
Future Oncol ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573183

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate a novel antisense oligonucleotide drug targeting human IGF-1R in preclinical and phase I studies of liver cancer. Materials & methods: The tolerability and safety of an investigational new drug were evaluated in a dose-escalation trial involving 17 patients with advanced liver cancer after preclinical assessment of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Results: The drug exposure levels in the phase I trial were determined by the in vivo efficacy with pharmacokinetics evaluation in rats and rhesus monkeys. This clinical study showed that the maximum tolerated dose was 3.96 mg/kg, and the dose-limiting toxicity dose was 4.4 mg/kg. Conclusion: The drug was safe and tolerable in patients with advanced liver cancer. Clinical Trial Registration: ChiCTR2100044235 (www.chictr.org.cn).


CT102 is a potential new drug for liver cancer treatment. It belongs to a new form of medicine using gene therapy technology called antisense oligonucleotides. There are some antisense oligonucleotides approved for treating rare diseases. This study evaluated the antitumor effect, metabolism and safety of CT102 in preclinical and clinical trials. The results showed that CT102 could inhibit tumor growth in mice with liver cancer and maintain high levels in the liver. It was found that CT102 was safe and tolerable in patients with advanced liver cancer. This suggests that CT102 has therapeutic potential for liver cancer treatment. The good tolerability and safety of CT102 in patients supports further studies on liver cancer treatment.

16.
Invest New Drugs ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602625

RESUMO

Sutetinib is an irreversible inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and showed favorable efficacy and safety in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring nondrug-resistant rare EGFR mutations. To evaluate the potential food effect, eighteen healthy Chinese subjects were enrolled in a single-centre, randomized, open-label, two-sequence, two-period crossover study. Sutetinib was administered as a single oral 100 mg under fasting or fed conditions, and pharmacokinetic sampling was performed following each dose and analysed by a validated liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry method. Safety and tolerability were also evaluated. Food intake slightly decreased maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to infinity (AUC0 - inf) of sutetinib (geometric least-squares mean [GLSM] ratio, 80.94% and 86.11%; 90% confidence interval [CI], 68.43-95.72 and 75.88-97.73) and its active metabolite sutetinib N-Oxide (GLSM ratio, 75.58% and 84.00%; 90% CI, 65.69-86.95 and 75.42-93.56), respectively. In addition, the time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) of both sutetinib and its metabolite has been prolonged by 2 h under fed conditions. A total of 31 adverse events (AEs) occurred during the study, with no serious adverse events (SAE) reported, and no obvious difference was observed between the fasting and fed groups. Our results demonstrated that a high-fat and high-calorie diet caused a significant delay in drug absorption and a marginal reduction in drug exposure. Sutetinib was generally well tolerated in healthy Chinese subjects. (This trial was registered at http://www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn . The registration No. is CTR20201933, and the date of registration is 2020-10-16).

17.
Acta Biomater ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621599

RESUMO

The treatment of osteoporotic bone defect remains a big clinical challenge because osteoporosis (OP) is associated with oxidative stress and high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a condition detrimental for bone formation. Anti-oxidative nanomaterials such as selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have positive effect on osteogenesis owing to their pleiotropic pharmacological activity which can exert anti-oxidative stress functions to prevent bone loss and facilitate bone regeneration in OP. In the current study a strategy of one-pot method by introducing Poly (lactic acid-carbonate) (PDT) and ß-Tricalcium Phosphate (ß-TCP) with SeNPs, is developed to prepare an injectable, anti-collapse, shape-adaptive and adhesive bone graft substitute material (PDT-TCP-SE). The PDT-TCP-SE bone graft substitute exhibits sufficient adhesion in biological microenvironments and osteoinductive activity, angiogenic effect and anti-inflammatory as well as anti-oxidative effect in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the PDT-TCP-SE can protect BMSCs from erastin-induced ferroptosis through the Sirt1/Nrf2/GPX4 antioxidant pathway, which, in together, demonstrated the bone graft substitute material as an emerging biomaterial with potential clinical application for the future treatment of osteoporotic bone defects. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Injectable, anti-collapse, adhesive, plastic and bioactive bone graft substitute was successfully synthesized. Incorporation of SeNPs with PDT into ß-TCP regenerated new bone in-situ by moderating oxidative stress in osteoporotic bone defects area. The PDT-TCP-SE bone graft substitute reduced high ROS levels in osteoporotic bone defect microenvironment. The bone graft substitute could also moderate oxidative stress and inhibit ferroptosis via Sirt1/Nrf2/GPX4 pathway in vitro. Moreover, the PDT-TCP-SE bone graft substitute could alleviate the inflammatory environment and promote bone regeneration in osteoporotic bone defect in vivo. This biomaterial has the advantages of simple synthesis, biocompatibility, anti-collapse, injectable, and regulation of oxidative stress level, which has potential application value in bone tissue engineering.

18.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dural sinus wall thickness and wall enhancement index (WEI) of dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) have not been well characterized. This study aimed to measure the sinus wall thickness and WEI by using magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (MR-VWI). METHODS: A total 27 DAVF patients and 30 normal healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. All participants were scanned by a 3 T MR scanner with the black blood sequence. The wall thickness and the WEI of the great cerebral vein, the intracranial main dural sinuses with DAVFs, and the contralateral sinuses were measured by two independent neuroradiologists. RESULTS: The DAVF-affected sinuses had significantly thicker walls (2.277 ±â€¯0.311 mm vs. 1.446 ±â€¯0.188 mm, P < 0.001) and significantly higher WEI (2.253 ±â€¯0.462 vs. 1.173 ±â€¯0.418, P < 0.001) compared to the contralateral ones. They also had significantly thicker walls (2.277 ±â€¯0.311 mm vs. 1.643 ±â€¯0.173 mm, P < 0.001) and significantly higher WEI (2.253 ±â€¯0.462 vs. 1.124 ±â€¯0.254, P < 0.001) compared to the normal controls. Neither the sinus wall thickness (r = -0.317, P = 0.107) nor the WEI (r = 0.019, P = 0.923) was significantly correlated with the Cognard types in DAVF patients. The WEI of the DAVF draining vein was significantly higher compared to the static venous wall (1.972 ±â€¯0.629 vs. 0.532 ±â€¯0.243, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: T1-CUBE MRI is useful in measuring sinus all thickness and WEI of DAVFs, providing a new method for diagnosing this disease.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172009, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547972

RESUMO

Algal blooms have been increasingly prevalent in recent years, especially in lakes and reservoirs; their accurate prediction is essential for preserving water quality. In this study, the observed chlorophyll a (chl-a) levels were assimilated into the Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) of algal bloom dynamics by using a particle filter (PF), and the state variables of water quality and model parameters were simultaneously updated to achieve enhanced algal bloom predictive performance. The developed data assimilation system for algal blooms was applied to Xiangxi Bay (XXB) in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR). The results show that the ensemble mean accuracy and reliability of the confidence intervals of the predicted state variables, including chl-a and indirectly updated phosphate (PO4), ammonium (NH4), and nitrate (NO3) levels, were considerably improved after PF assimilation. Thus, PF assimilation is an effective tool for the dynamic correction of parameters to represent their inherent variations. Increased assimilation frequency can effectively suppress the accumulation of model errors; therefore, the use of high-frequency water quality data for assimilation is recommended to ensure more accurate and reliable algal bloom prediction.


Assuntos
Eutrofização , Rios , Clorofila A , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Qualidade da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental
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