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1.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 8860968, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029121

RESUMO

Autophagy is confirmed to be involved in the onset and development of depression, and some antidepressants took effect by influencing the autophagic process. Electroacupuncture (EA), as a common complementary treatment for depression, may share the mechanism of influencing autophagy in the hippocampus like antidepressants. To investigate that, sixty Sprague-Dawley rats firstly went through chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model establishment, and 15 rats were assigned to a control group. After modeling, 45 successfully CUMS-induced rats were randomly divided to 3 groups: CUMS, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), and EA groups (15 rats per group), to accept different interventions for 2 weeks. A sucrose preference test (SPT), weighing, and open field test (OFT) were measurement for depressive behaviors of rats. Transmission electron microscope (TEM), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the autophagic changes. After that, depression-like behaviors were successfully induced in CUMS models and reversed by SSRI and EA treatments (both p < 0.05), but these two therapies had nonsignificant difference between each other (p > 0.05). Autolysosomes observed through TEM in the CUMS group were more than that in the control group. Their number and size in the SSRI and EA groups also decreased significantly. From IHC, the CUMS group showed enhanced positive expression of both Beclin1 and LC3 in CA1 after modeling (p < 0.05), and the LC3 level declined after EA treatments, which was verified by decreased LC3-II/LC3-I in western blot analysis. We speculated that CUMS-induced depression-like behavior was interacted with an autophagy process in the hippocampus, and EA demonstrated antidepressant effects by partly inhibiting autophagy with a decreased number of autolysosomes and level of LC3 along with LC3-II/LC3-I.

2.
Discov Med ; 29(158): 159-167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007191

RESUMO

Cancer is a major cause of disease-related deaths worldwide, and early diagnosis involving detecting biomarkers of tumors can improve the cure rate and prognosis of patients. Biomarkers are signature proteins that can distinguish diseased cells from healthy cells, facilitating the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, especially cancer. Aptamers are single-stranded oligonucleotides that can recognize target proteins with high affinity and specificity. The development of biomarkers identified by aptamers has experienced extensive progress in current applications. The combinatorial strategy of cell-SELEX technology and proteomics analysis makes targeted protein identification more cost-effective and efficient and improves the success rate of discovery of multiple biomarkers simultaneously. In this methodology, biomarkers are identified via a series of operations such as screening of aptamers, separation, extraction, and analysis of target proteins, which has brought about the discovery of a number of new biomarkers of cancer. This review summarizes the current strategies, challenges, and potential applications for biomarker discovery using aptamers engendered by cell-SELEX.

3.
Innovation (N Y) ; : 100046, 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016958

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.xinn.2020.100028.].

4.
Theranostics ; 10(23): 10823-10837, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929382

RESUMO

Rationale: The forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) is a crucial transcription factor in initiation and development of breast, lung and prostate cancer. Previous studies about the FOXA1 transcriptional network were mainly focused on protein-coding genes. Its regulatory network of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their role in FOXA1 oncogenic activity remains unknown. Methods: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data, RNA-seq and ChIP-seq data were used to analyze FOXA1 regulated lncRNAs. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of DSCAM-AS1, RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to determine the expression of FOXA1, estrogen receptor α (ERα) and Y box binding protein 1 (YBX1). RNA pull-down and RIP-qPCR were employed to investigate the interaction between DSCAM-AS1 and YBX1. The effect of DSCAM-AS1 on malignant phenotypes was examined through in vitro and in vivo assays. Results: In this study, we conducted a global analysis of FOXA1 regulated lncRNAs. For detailed analysis, we chose lncRNA DSCAM-AS1, which is specifically expressed in lung adenocarcinoma, breast and prostate cancer. The expression level of DSCAM-AS1 is regulated by two super-enhancers (SEs) driven by FOXA1. High expression levels of DSCAM-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis. Knockout experiments showed DSCAM-AS1 was essential for the growth of xenograft tumors. Moreover, we demonstrated DSCAM-AS1 can regulate the expression of the master transcriptional factor FOXA1. In breast cancer, DSCAM-AS1 was also found to regulate ERα. Mechanistically, DSCAM-AS1 interacts with YBX1 and influences the recruitment of YBX1 in the promoter regions of FOXA1 and ERα. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that lncRNA DSCAM-AS1 was transcriptionally activated by super-enhancers driven by FOXA1 and exhibited lineage-specific expression pattern. DSCAM-AS1 can promote cancer progression by interacting with YBX1 and regulating expression of FOXA1 and ERα.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14712, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895461

RESUMO

To evaluate the clinical efficacy of single- and double- bundle individualized anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, we retrospectively analyzed the data and charts of 920 patients with ACL rupture who received individualized anatomic ACL reconstruction surgery at our center. All of the patients underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with autologous hamstring tendons. The patients were divided into two groups: the single-bundle individualized anatomic reconstruction group (N = 539), and the double-bundle individualized anatomic reconstruction group (N = 381). The IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner scores were used to subjectively evaluate the function of the knee joint during the postoperative follow-up. The Lachman test, pivot shift test and KT-3000 were used to objectively evaluate the stability of the knee. All 920 patients participated in clinical follow-up (average duration: 27.91 ± 3.61 months) achieved satisfied outcomes with few complications. The postoperative IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner scores, and the objective evaluation of knee joint stability were significantly improved compared to the preoperative status in both groups (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups at the final follow-up (P > 0.05). Therefore, no difference in terms of the IKDC, Lysholm and Tegner score, or KT-3000 was observed between the individualized anatomic single- and double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques. Both techniques can be used to restore the stability and functionality of the knee joint with satisfactory short-term efficacy.

6.
Bioorg Chem ; 104: 104265, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919128

RESUMO

A series of benzophenone derivatives bearing naphthalene moiety were designed, synthesized, characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and HRMS and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7). Most of the tested derivatives showed good to moderate cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cell line. Among them, compound 4u (IC50 = 1.47 ± 0.14 µM) was found to be the most active compound, which is more active than the standard drug cisplatin (IC50 = 15.24 ± 1.27 µM). In vitro tubulin polymerization inhibition assay, EBI competition assay, cell cycle analysis, and cell apoptosis assay identified that compound 4u was a new tubulin polymerization inhibitor by targeting the colchicine binding site. Besides, molecular docking study showed that compound 4u has high binding affinities with the colchicine binding site of tubulin through hydrogen bond, cation-π, and hydrophobic interaction.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 205: 111339, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961491

RESUMO

Famoxadone-cymoxanil is a new protective and therapeutic fungicide, but little research has been done on it or its toxicity in aquatic organisms. In this study, we used zebrafish to investigate the cardiotoxicity of famoxadone-cymoxanil and the potential mechanisms involved. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to different concentrations of famoxadone-cymoxanil until 72 h post-fertilization (hpf), then changes of heart morphology in zebrafish embryos were observed. We also detected the levels of oxidative stress, myocardial-cell proliferation and apoptosis, ATPase activity, and the expression of genes related to the cardiac development and calcium-signaling pathway. After famoxadone-cymoxanil exposure, pericardial edema, cardiac linearization, and reductions in the heart rate and cardiac output positively correlated with concentration. Although myocardial-cell apoptosis was not detected, proliferation of the cells was severely reduced and ATPase activity significantly decreased, resulting in a severe deficiency in heart function. In addition, indicators of oxidative stress changed significantly after exposure of the embryos to the fungicide. To better understand the possible molecular mechanisms of cardiovascular toxicity in zebrafish, we studied the transcriptional levels of cardiac development, calcium-signaling pathways, and genes associated with myocardial contractility. The mRNA expression levels of key genes in heart development were significantly down-regulated, while the expression of genes related to the calcium-signaling pathway (ATPase [atp2a1], cardiac troponin C [tnnc1a], and calcium channel [cacna1a]) was significantly inhibited. Expression of klf2a, a major endocardial flow-responsive gene, was also significantly inhibited. Mechanistically, famoxadone-cymoxanil toxicity might be due to the downregulation of genes associated with the calcium-signaling pathway and cardiac muscle contraction. Our results found that famoxadone-cymoxanil exposure causes cardiac developmental toxicity and severe energy deficiency in zebrafish.

8.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916770

RESUMO

CircRNAs are a new member of endogenous RNAs, which characterized by a closed loop structure without terminated 5' caps and 3' tails via covalent bonding, which are evolutionarily conserved among different species and often exhibit tissue or developmental stage-specific expression. So far, thousands of circRNAs have been discovered in eukaryotic cells. CircRNAs are more stable due to its resistance to exonuclease implying important biological functions in all kingdoms of life. They could function as miRNA sponges, interfere with splicing and bind to protein to regulate the expression of host genes and so on. In addition, emerging evidence suggests that circRNAs are closely related to a series of physiological processes in livestock and poultry. In this review, we summarized the biogenesis mechanism, major biological function, detection methods and focused on research advance of circRNAs in livestock and poultry, aiming at providing certain reference value and novel techniques for the development of new molecular genetic markers and breeding of livestock and poultry. Meanwhile, we hope this review could show significant prospect for other researches.

9.
Gene Ther ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917950

RESUMO

Evidence has documented the tumor-promoting properties of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) FOXD2 adjacent opposite strand RNA 1 (FOXD2-AS1) in many cancers. However, little is known about its role in gallbladder cancer. Here, we aimed to characterize the functional relevance of lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 in gallbladder cancer and the possible mechanisms associated with methylation of MutL homolog-1 (MLH1). Initially, microarray-based gene expression profiling of gallbladder cancer was employed to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs. Next, the expression of lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 was examined, and the cell line presenting with the highest lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 expression was selected for subsequent experimentation. Then, the interaction between lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 and MLH1 was identified. The effect of lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 on proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis as well as tumorigenicity of transfected GBC-SD cells was examined with gain- and loss-of-function experiments. We found that lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 was highly expressed, while MLH1 was poorly expressed in gallbladder cancer cells. Besides, lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 could promote MLH1 methylation by recruiting DNMT1 to the MLH1 promoter, and consequently inhibit MLH1 transcription. Silencing of lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 or overexpression of MLH1 inhibited gallbladder cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, while facilitating cell apoptosis in vitro as well as retarding tumor growth in vivo. Thus, silencing of lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 suppressed the progression of gallbladder cancer via upregulation of MLH1 by inhibiting MLH1 promoter methylation. These findings present lncRNA FOXD2-AS1 knockdown as a potential candidate for the treatment of gallbladder cancer.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21929, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral infarction (CI) is a common disease with high morbidity and disability. Shuxuetong (SXT) injection is a Chinese Materia Medica standardized product used in the treatment of CI. Currently, there is a lack of high-quality evidence to support the effectiveness and safety of SXT on patients with CI. This systematic review protocol aims at describing a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of SXT for the treatment of CI. METHODS: We will search the databases of PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials, China national knowledge infrastructure database (CNKI), Wan fang database, Chongqing VIP information, and SinoMed from their inception to Jun 2020. Two reviewers will independently screen Randomized controlled trials of SXT for the treatment of CI. The meta-analysis will be conducted using RevMan V.5.3 software. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of our systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether SXT is an effective intervention for patients with CI. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 10.17605/OSF.IO/3F6ZH.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Adulto , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239809, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991628

RESUMO

The Chinese poultry industry has experienced outbreaks of Newcastle disease (ND) dating back to the 1920s. However, the epidemic has exhibited a downtrend in recent years. In this study, both observational and genetic data [fusion (F) and haemagglutinin-neuraminidase genes (HN)] were analyzed, and phylogeographic analysis based on prevalent genotypes of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was conducted for better understanding of the evolution and spatiotemporal dynamics of ND in China. In line with the observed trend of epidemic outbreaks, the effective population size of F and HN genes of circulating NDV is no longer growing since 2000, which is supported by 95% highest posterior diversity (HPD) intervals. Phylogeographic analysis indicated that the two eastern coastal provinces, Shandong and Jiangsu were the most relevant hubs for NDV migration, and the geographical regions with active NDV diffusion seemed to be constrained to southern and eastern China. The live poultry trade may play an important role in viral spread. Interestingly, no migration links from wild birds to poultry received Bayes factor support (BF > 3), while the migration links from poultry to wild birds accounted for 64% in all effective migrations. This may indicate that the sporadic cases of ND in wild bird likely spillover events from poultry. These findings contribute to predictive models of NDV transmission, and potentially help in the prevention of future outbreaks.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938225

RESUMO

Endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) affects cholesterol homeostasis and liver X receptor α (LXRα) expression. However, whether low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR), a key player in cholesterol homeostasis, is regulated by exogenous H2S through LXRα signaling has not been determined. We investigated the effects of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, H2S donor) on LDLR expression in the presence or absence of LXR agonists, T0901317 or GW3965 in HepG2 cells. We found that H2S strongly accumulated LDLR precursor in the presence of T0901317. Hence LDLR transcription and the genes involved in LDLR precursor maturation and degradation were studied. T0901317 increased the LDLR mRNA level, while H2S didn't affect LDLR transcription. H2S had no significant effect on the expression of LXRα and inducible degrader of LDLR (IDOL). H2S and T0901317 altered mRNA levels of several enzymes for N- and O-glycosylation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperones assisting LDLR maturation, but didn't affect their protein levels. H2S decreased proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) protein levels and its mRNA level elevated by T0901317. T0901317 with PCSK9 siRNA also accumulated LDLR precursor as did T0901317 with H2S. High glucose increased PCSK9 protein levels and attenuated LDLR precursor accumulation induced by T0901317 with H2S. Taken together, H2S accumulates LDLR precursor by downregulating PCSK9 expression but not through the LXRα-IDOL pathway, LDLR transcriptional activation or dysfunction of glycosylation enzymes and ER chaperones. These results also indicate that PCSK9 plays an important role in LDLR maturation in addition to its well-known effect on the degradation of LDLR mature form.

13.
Mol Cell ; 79(6): 1024-1036.e5, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871103

RESUMO

Bacterial ribosomal RNAs are synthesized by a dedicated, conserved transcription-elongation complex that transcribes at high rates, shields RNA polymerase from premature termination, and supports co-transcriptional RNA folding, modification, processing, and ribosomal subunit assembly by presently unknown mechanisms. We have determined cryo-electron microscopy structures of complete Escherichia coli ribosomal RNA transcription elongation complexes, comprising RNA polymerase; DNA; RNA bearing an N-utilization-site-like anti-termination element; Nus factors A, B, E, and G; inositol mono-phosphatase SuhB; and ribosomal protein S4. Our structures and structure-informed functional analyses show that fast transcription and anti-termination involve suppression of NusA-stabilized pausing, enhancement of NusG-mediated anti-backtracking, sequestration of the NusG C-terminal domain from termination factor ρ, and the ρ blockade. Strikingly, the factors form a composite RNA chaperone around the RNA polymerase RNA-exit tunnel, which supports co-transcriptional RNA folding and annealing of distal RNA regions. Our work reveals a polymerase/chaperone machine required for biosynthesis of functional ribosomes.


Assuntos
RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Ribossomos/genética , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/ultraestrutura , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/ultraestrutura , Biossíntese de Proteínas/genética , Dobramento de RNA/genética , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA Ribossômico/ultraestrutura , Proteínas Ribossômicas/ultraestrutura , Ribossomos/ultraestrutura , Fatores de Elongação da Transcrição/química , Fatores de Elongação da Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Elongação da Transcrição/ultraestrutura
14.
Molecules ; 25(17)2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878238

RESUMO

An MIL-101(Cr) powder material was successfully prepared using the hydrothermal synthesis method, and then the original MIL-101(Cr) was combined with different mass fractions of CaCl2 using the immersion method to obtain a MIL-101(Cr)/CaCl2 composite material. The physical properties of the adsorbent were determined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), an N2 adsorption desorption isotherm test, and thermogravimetric analysis (TG). The water vapor adsorption performance of the metal-organic frameworks MOFs was tested with a gravimetric water vapor adsorption instrument to analyze its water vapor adsorption mechanism. Based on the SIMULINK platform in the MATLAB software, a simulation model of the coefficient of performance (COP) and cooling capacity of the adsorption refrigeration system was established, and the variation trends of the COP and cooling capacity of the adsorption refrigeration system under different evaporation/condensation/adsorption/desorption temperatures was theoretically studied. MIL101-(Cr)/CaCl2-20% was selected as the adsorption material in the adsorption refrigeration system through the physical characterization of composite materials with different CaCl2 concentrations by means of adsorption water vapor test experiments. A closed adsorption system performance test device was built based on the liquid level method. The cooling power per unit and adsorbent mass (COP and SCP) of the system were tested at different evaporation temperatures (288 K/293 K/298 K); the adsorption temperature was 298 K, the condensation temperature was 308 K, and the desorption temperature was 353 K. The experimental results showed that COP and SCP increased with the increase in the evaporation temperature. When the evaporation temperature was 298 K, the level of COP was 0.172, and the level of SCP was 136.9 W/kg. The COP and SCP of the system were tested at different adsorption temperatures (293 K/298 K/303 K); the evaporation temperature was 288 K, the condensation temperature was 308 K, and the desorption temperature was 353 K. The experimental results showed that the levels of COP and SCP decreased with the increase in the adsorption temperature. When the adsorption temperature was 293 K, the level of COP was 0.18, and the level of SCP was 142.4 W/kg.

15.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e036423, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912980

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The microscopic evaluation of slides has been gradually moving towards all digital in recent years, leading to the possibility for computer-aided diagnosis. It is worthwhile to know the similarities between deep learning models and pathologists before we put them into practical scenarios. The simple criteria of colorectal adenoma diagnosis make it to be a perfect testbed for this study. DESIGN: The deep learning model was trained by 177 accurately labelled training slides (156 with adenoma). The detailed labelling was performed on a self-developed annotation system based on iPad. We built the model based on DeepLab v2 with ResNet-34. The model performance was tested on 194 test slides and compared with five pathologists. Furthermore, the generalisation ability of the learning model was tested by extra 168 slides (111 with adenoma) collected from two other hospitals. RESULTS: The deep learning model achieved an area under the curve of 0.92 and obtained a slide-level accuracy of over 90% on slides from two other hospitals. The performance was on par with the performance of experienced pathologists, exceeding the average pathologist. By investigating the feature maps and cases misdiagnosed by the model, we found the concordance of thinking process in diagnosis between the deep learning model and pathologists. CONCLUSIONS: The deep learning model for colorectal adenoma diagnosis is quite similar to pathologists. It is on-par with pathologists' performance, makes similar mistakes and learns rational reasoning logics. Meanwhile, it obtains high accuracy on slides collected from different hospitals with significant staining configuration variations.

16.
Neurosci Res ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991951

RESUMO

LncRNA growth arrest special 5 (GAS5) and microRNA-106b (miR-106b) have been reported to be involved in the regulation of gliomas. However, their precise mechanisms in regulating the progression and development of gliomas remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the interaction between GAS5 and miR-106b, and their influence on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of gliomas cells. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were applied for measuring expression of protein and mRNA, respectively. The proliferation, migration, and invasion of cells were measured by MTT, wound healing, and transwell assays, respectively. Dual luciferase reporter assay was applied for confirming the binding site between miR-106b and GAS5, miR-106b and PTEN. Significant higher expression of miR-106b, and lower expression of GAS5 and PTEN in the glioma tissues were observed. The binding sites between GAS5 and miR-106b, miR-106b and PTEN were identified. GAS5 could regulate the expression of PTEN through targeting miR-106b, and further influence EMT process, and the proliferation, migration, and invasion of gliomas cells. Meanwhile, PTEN could remarkably inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells. The influence of PTEN on glioma cells and EMT was similar to GAS5. GAS5 could regulate the EMT process, and the migration of gliomas cells through miR-106b targeting PTEN. Therefore, our findings may provide a new thought for the study of pathogenesis and treatment of glioma.

17.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(2): 255-265, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941167

RESUMO

This study sought a new way to utilize sludge as a low cost and efficient adsorbent. Preparation of sludge adsorbent by hydrothermal carbonization was done at different temperatures (160-250 °C). Various characterization techniques were used in this study including elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The adsorption performance of the organic matter was analyzed by adsorption experiments with the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA). Results showed that as the hydrothermal temperature increased, the solid yield of hydrochar decreased from 84.73% to 55.19%, and the maximum specific surface area was 11.9 m2/g. Elemental analysis showed that the hydrochar contains more aromatic carbon than the raw sludge. It was found using the FT-IR and XPS that the hydrochar retains a large amount of oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface after hydrothermal treatment. Hydrochar can be used as an organic-pollutant adsorbent in water; it has a good adsorption effect on BPA and the removal rate can reach 96%. The adsorbed hydrochar can be hydrothermally retreated and returned to the sewage treatment plant for reuse.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Adsorção , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Fenóis , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Temperatura
18.
BMC Womens Health ; 20(1): 194, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of the elevation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in different molecular subtypes of primary breast cancer, i.e. each 10% increment of TILs and high-level TILs (TILs≥50%) in tumor, on overall survival (OS) and pathological complete response (pCR) and to compare the presentation of high-level TILs across these molecular subtypes. METHODS: Citation retrieval was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science databases. All statistical calculations were performed by the software of StataSE version 12.0. RESULTS: Twenty-two eligible clinical trials including 15,676 unique patients were included for meta-analysis. Each 10% increment of TILs significantly improved OS in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpression (pooled Hazard ratio (HR), 0.92; 95% CI, 0.89-0.95) and triple-negative (TN) (pooled HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.89-0.92) breast tumors but not in luminal tumor subtype (pooled HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.99-1.13). It was also associated with an increased pCR rate in breast cancers (pooled Odds ratio (OR), 1.27; 95% CI, 1.19-13.5). High-level TILs were significantly related with a higher pCR rate (pooled OR, 2.73; 95% CI, 2.40-3.01) than low-level TILs. The HER2-amplified (pooled OR, 3.14; 95% CI, 1.95-5.06) and TN (pooled OR, 4.09; 95% CI, 2.71-6.19) phenotypes of breast cancers expressed significantly more high-level TILs than the luminal tumor subtype, although the presentation of those between the former two subsets was not significantly different (pooled OR, 1.30; 95%CI, 0.83-2.04). CONCLUSIONS: The elevation of TILs in breast tumors predicts favorable prognostic outcomes, particularly in the HER2-overexpression and TN subtypes.

19.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873080

RESUMO

A new benzophenone huanglongmycin (HLM) D (1) and two new monomeric xanthones huanglongmycin E (2) and F (3), together with four known aromatic polyketides aloesaponarin II (4) and the previously isolated huanglongmycin A-C (5-7) were obtained from cave-derived Streptomyces sp. CB09001. The structures of 1-3 were established based on 1D, 2D NMR and HRMS data. Compounds 1-7 may be biosynthesized by a type II huanglongmycin polyketide synthase based on gene inactivation of hlmG encoding KSɑ in hlm gene cluster and their plausible biosynthetic mechanism was proposed.

20.
Bioorg Chem ; 103: 104141, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750611

RESUMO

A new series of pyrazole-naphthalene derivatives (5a-5q) have been synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer activity against human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7). Most of newly synthesized compounds (except 5i, 5m, and 5p) exhibited potent antiproliferative activity in the range of IC50 = 2.78 ± 0.24 µM - 9.13 ± 0.47 µM. Among them, compound 5j (IC50 = 2.78 ± 0.24 µM), bearing ethoxy at the 4-position of the phenyl ring, was found to be the most active compound in this series of compounds, with five folds more active than the standard drug cisplatin (IC50 = 15.24 ± 1.27 µM). In addition, compound 5j and colchicine showed the same ability to inhibit tubulin polymerization with the IC50 values of 4.6 µM and 6.7 µM, respectively. Cellular mechanism studies elucidated that compound 5j arrested the cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis. Furthermore, molecular docking analysis revealed that compound 5j formed stable interactions in the colchicine-binding site of tubulin.

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