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1.
RMD Open ; 10(2)2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia is frequently treated with opioids due to limited therapeutic options. Long-term opioid use is associated with several adverse outcomes. Identifying factors associated with long-term opioid use is the first step in developing targeted interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors in fibromyalgia patients newly initiated on opioids using machine learning. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a nationally representative primary care dataset from the UK, from the Clinical Research Practice Datalink. Fibromyalgia patients without prior cancer who were new opioid users were included. Logistic regression, a random forest model and Boruta feature selection were used to identify risk factors related to long-term opioid use. Adjusted ORs (aORs) and feature importance scores were calculated to gauge the strength of these associations. RESULTS: In this study, 28 552 fibromyalgia patients initiating opioids were identified of which 7369 patients (26%) had long-term opioid use. High initial opioid dose (aOR: 31.96, mean decrease accuracy (MDA) 135), history of self-harm (aOR: 2.01, MDA 44), obesity (aOR: 2.43, MDA 36), high deprivation (aOR: 2.00, MDA 31) and substance use disorder (aOR: 2.08, MDA 25) were the factors most strongly associated with long-term use. CONCLUSIONS: High dose of initial opioid prescription, a history of self-harm, obesity, high deprivation, substance use disorder and age were associated with long-term opioid use. This study underscores the importance of recognising these individual risk factors in fibromyalgia patients to better navigate the complexities of opioid use and facilitate patient-centred care.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Fibromialgia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Humanos , Fibromialgia/epidemiologia , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/etiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Idoso
2.
J Invest Surg ; 37(1): 2350358, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hypermetabolism is associated with clinical prognosis of cancer patients. The aim of this study was to explore the association between basal metabolic rate (BMR) and postoperative clinical outcomes in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: We collected data of 958 gastric cancer patients admitted at our center from June 2014 to December 2018. The optimal cutoff value of BMR (BMR ≤1149 kcal/day) was obtained using the X-tile plot. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were then performed to evaluate the relevant influencing factors of clinical outcomes. Finally, R software was utilized to construct the nomogram. RESULTS: A total of 213 patients were defined as having a lower basal metabolic rate (LBMR). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that gastric cancer patients with LBMR were more prone to postoperative complications and had poor long-term overall survival (OS). The established nomogram had good predictive power to assess the risk of OS in gastric cancer patients after radical gastrectomy (c-index was 0.764). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, LBMR on admission is associated with the occurrence of postoperative complications in gastric cancer patients, and this population has a poorer long-term survival. Therefore, there should be more focus on the perioperative management of patients with this risk factor before surgery.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Basal , Gastrectomia , Nomogramas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto
3.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727771

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major metabolic disease that seriously endangers life and health, but women with gestational diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of postpartum lifestyle intervention on the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and the effect of lifestyle intervention on glycemic outcomes and anthropometric measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and other databases to retrieve articles published before May 21, 2023, on randomized controlled trials of postnatal lifestyle interventions (diet and/or physical activity) in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. We estimated the pooled odds ratios using fixed or random effects models and conducted a subgroup analysis of the different intervention methods to explore differences in the different lifestyle interventions. RESULTS: The review included 17 randomized controlled trials. Overall, lifestyle changes started after a pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus an 11% (RR = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.74-1.07) reduction in diabetes risk; significant differences were found for weight (MD = -1.33; 95% CI: [-1.76; -0.89], P < 0.00001) body mass index (MD = -0.53; 95% CI: [-0.74, -0.32], P < 0.00001), and waist circumference change (MD = -1.38; 95% CI: [-2.12; -0.64], P = 0.0002) but not for fasting glucose (MD = -0.06; 95% CI: [-0.19; 0.06], P = 0.32), 2 h glucose (MD = -0.12; 95% CI: [-0.30; 0.06], P = 0.19), and hemoglobin A1c (MD = -0.11; 95% CI: [-0.23; 0.02], P = 0.09). Subgroup analyses showed no significant differences in the effects of different lifestyle interventions on the incidence of type 2 diabetes, blood glucose levels, and anthropometric parameters. CONCLUSION: Our comprehensive meta-analysis of lifestyle interventions can improve modifiable anthropometric measures in women with gestational diabetes. We need further research to provide more intensive lifestyle intervention, more scientific intervention methods, and to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in patients with gestational diabetes.

4.
J Clin Med ; 13(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731049

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to identify predictors of remission or low disease activity (LDA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and low-ultrasound inflammation. Methods: A total of 80 patients with RA who fulfilled the 1987 ACR criteria for RA with a disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28) > 3.2 were recruited. Over 1 year of therapy, we conducted blood tests every 6 months to examine erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), neuraminidase 3 (Neu3), and α-2,3-sialyltrasnferse I (ST3Gal-1) levels in B cells and monocytes. Additionally, we evaluated physical function by using the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI). Data on demographic and clinical parameters were collected, and musculoskeletal ultrasonography was performed twice a year on 12 specific joints to assess synovial changes. One year later, we compared all collected data and laboratory or ultrasound results between patients achieving remission or LDA and those who did not in order to determine the predictors. Results: Age, the presence or absence of rheumatoid factor, and the number of conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs used were not correlated with remission or LDA for DAS28 or Simplified Disease Activity Index formulas. However, male sex, low CRP levels, low ESR levels, and low HAQ-DI scores were associated with a higher likelihood of achieving remission or LDA for DAS28-ESR. Negative anticyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) and low HAQ-DI scores were predictors of remission or LDA for DAS28-MCP-1. Interestingly, having less than two comorbidities is a good predictor of a combined remission/low disease activity state for SDAI and DAS28-MCP-1. Furthermore, Neu3 and ST3Gal-1 levels and ST3Gal-1/Neu3 ratios in B cells and monocytes had no significant correlation with total ultrasound scores. Nevertheless, monocyte ST3Gal-1 and Neu3 correlated significantly with DAS28-ESR >5.1 and DAS-MCP-1 >4.8 (both categories belong to high disease activity), respectively (rho = 0.609 with p = 0.012, and rho = 0.727 with p = 0.011, respectively). Monocyte ST3Gal-1/Neu3 ratios connected with DAS28-ESR >5.1 and 3.3 < SDAI ≦ 11 (low disease activity), respectively (rho = 0.662 with p = 0.005, and rho = 0.342 with p = 0.048, respectively). Conclusions: In patients with RA in Taiwan, male sex, low CRP levels, low ESR levels, and low HAQ-DI scores are predictors of remission or LDA for DAS28-ESR, which differ from the predictors for DAS28-MCP-1. Moreover, monocyte ST3Gal-1, Neu3, and their ratios correlated with different disease activity categories of DAS28-ESR, DAS28-MCP-1, and SDAI scores.

6.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the rapid antidepressant potential and the underlying mechanism of Chaihu Shugan San (CSS) in female mice. METHODS: Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS)/MS was used to determine the content of main components in CSS to determine its stability. Female C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, including control (saline), vehicle (saline), CSS (4 g/kg) and ketamine (30 mg/kg) groups. Mice were subjected to irregular stress stimulation for 4 weeks to establish the chronic mild stress (CMS) model, then received a single administration of drugs. Two hours later, the behavioral tests were performed, including open field test, tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), novelty suppression feeding test (NSF), and sucrose preference test (SPT). Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression levels of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA) subtypes [N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NR1), NR2A, NR2B], synaptic proteins [synapsin1 and post synaptic density protein 95 (PSD95)], and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Moreover, the rapid antidepressant effect of CSS was tested by pharmacological technologies and optogenetic interventions that activated glutamate receptors, NMDA. RESULTS: Compared with the vehicle group, a single administration of CSS (4 g/kg) reversed all behavioral defects in TST, FST, SPT and NSF caused by CMS (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CSS also significantly decreased the expressions of NMDA subtypes (NR1, NR2A, NR2B) at 2 h in hippocampus of mice (all P<0.01). In addition, similar to ketamine, CSS increased levels of synaptic proteins and BDNF (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, the rapid antidepressant effects of CSS were blocked by transient activation of NMDA receptors in the hippocampus (all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Rapid antidepressant effects of CSS by improving behavioral deficits in female CMS mice depended on rapid suppression of NMDA receptors and activation of synaptic proteins.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(16): 160201, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701466

RESUMO

Quantum theory allows information to flow through a single device in a coherent superposition of two opposite directions, resulting into situations where the input-output direction is indefinite. Here we introduce a theoretical method to witness input-output indefiniteness in a single quantum device, and we experimentally demonstrate it by constructing a photonic setup that exhibits input-output indefiniteness with a statistical significance exceeding 69 standard deviations. Our results provide a way to characterize input-output indefiniteness as a resource for quantum information and photonic quantum technologies and enable tabletop simulations of hypothetical scenarios exhibiting quantum indefiniteness in the direction of time.

8.
Mar Drugs ; 22(5)2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786602

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating joint disorder characterized by cartilage degradation and chronic inflammation, accompanied by high oxidative stress. In this study, we utilized the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA model to investigate the efficacy of oligo-fucoidan-based formula (FF) intervention in mitigating OA progression. Through its capacity to alleviate joint bearing function and inflammation, improvements in cartilage integrity following oligo-fucoidan-based formula intervention were observed, highlighting its protective effects against cartilage degeneration and structural damage. Furthermore, the oligo-fucoidan-based formula modulated the p38 signaling pathway, along with downregulating cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, contributing to its beneficial effects. Our study provides valuable insights into targeted interventions for OA management and calls for further clinical investigations to validate these preclinical findings and to explore the translational potential of an oligo-fucoidan-based formula in human OA patients.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II , Osteoartrite , Polissacarídeos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácido Iodoacético , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cartilagem Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Iodoacetatos
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612715

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) represents one of the most prevalent malignant threats to women globally. Tumor relapse or metastasis is facilitated by BC stemness progression, contributing to tumorigenicity. Therefore, comprehending the characteristics of stemness progression and the underlying molecular mechanisms is pivotal for BC advancement. Hinokitiol (ß-thujaplicin), a tropolone-related compound abundant in the heartwood of cupressaceous plants, exhibits antimicrobial activity. In our study, we employed three BC cell lines (MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, and T47D) to assess the expression of stemness-, apoptosis-, and autophagy-related proteins. Hinokitiol significantly reduced the viability of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we observed that hinokitiol enhances apoptosis by increasing the levels of cleaved poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and phospho-p53. It also induces dysfunction in autophagy through the upregulation of LC3B and p62 protein expression. Additionally, hinokitiol significantly suppressed the number and diameter of cancer cell line spheres by reducing the expression of cluster of differentiation44 (CD44) and key transcription factors. These findings underscore hinokitiol's potential as a therapeutic agent for breast cancer, particularly as a stemness-progression inhibitor. Further research and clinical studies are warranted to explore the full therapeutic potential of hinokitiol in the treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Monoterpenos , Tropolona , Tropolona/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Feminino , Tropolona/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Apoptose , Autofagia , Células MCF-7 , Receptores de Hialuronatos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1
10.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 108, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypoparathyroidism caused by parathyroid injury is a problem faced by thyroid surgeons. The current technologies for parathyroid imaging all have some defects. METHODS: Patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) who underwent unilateral thyroidectomy plus ipsilateral central lymph node dissection were recruited. We dissected the main trunk of the superior thyroid artery entering the thyroid gland and placed the venous indwelling tube into the artery. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 132 patients enrolled in this single-arm clinical trial, 105 of them completed retrograde catheterization via the superior artery. The sensitivity was 69.23 and 83.33% respectively. The specificity was 72.91 and 64.89%. The accuracy was 72.91 and 64.89%. The PPV was 85.71 and 81.08%. The NPV was 22.58 and 45.45%. There were no patients with allergic reactions to the methylene blue, or methylene blue toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Retrograde injection of methylene blue via the superior thyroid artery is an effective and safe method to visualize parathyroid glands. This method can accurately locate the target organ by ultraselecting the blood vessel and injecting the contrast agent while avoiding background contamination and reducing the amount of contrast agent. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration numbers and date of registration: ChiCTR2300077263、02/11/2023.


Assuntos
Glândulas Paratireoides , Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Artérias , Meios de Contraste , Azul de Metileno , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613619

RESUMO

The formulation of more accurate models to describe tissue mechanics necessitates the availability of tools and instruments that can precisely measure the mechanical response of tissues to physical loads and other stimuli. In this regard, neuroscience has trailed other life sciences owing to the unavailability of representative live tissue models and deficiency of experimentation tools. We previously addressed both challenges by employing a novel instrument called the cantilevered-capillary force apparatus (CCFA) to elucidate the mechanical properties of mouse neurospheres under compressive forces. The neurospheres were derived from murine stem cells, and our study was the first of its kind to investigate the viscoelasticity of living neural tissues in vitro. In the current study, we demonstrate the utility of the CCFA as a broadly applicable tool to evaluate tissue mechanics by quantifying the effect that oxidative stress has on the mechanical properties of neurospheres. We treated mouse neurospheres with non-cytotoxic levels of hydrogen peroxide and subsequently evaluated the storage and loss moduli of the tissues under compression and tension. We observed that the neurospheres exhibit viscoelasticity consistent with neural tissue and show that elastic modulus decreases with increasing size of the neurosphere. Our study yields insights for establishing rheological measurements as biomarkers by laying the groundwork for measurement techniques and showing that the influence of a particular treatment may be misinterpreted if the size dependence is ignored.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1288255, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38645554

RESUMO

The curative effect of single therapy for advanced cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is poor, thus investigating combined treatment strategies holds promise for improving prognosis. Surufatinib (SUR) is a novel multikinase inhibitor that has been confirmed to prolong survival of patients with advanced CCA. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can also ablate advanced CCA and relieve biliary obstruction. In this study, we explored the anti-CCA effect of SUR combined with PDT, and explored the underlying mechanism. We found that SUR could effectively inhibit the abilities of proliferation, migration and metastasis in CCA cells (HUCCT-1, RBE). The ability of SUR to inhibit CCA was also confirmed by the HUCCT-1 cell xenograft model in Balb/c nude mice and CCA patient-derived organoids. SUR combined with PDT can significantly enhance the inhibitory effect on CCA, and can be alleviated by two ferroptosis inhibitors (Ferrostatin-1, Deferoxamine). By detecting the level of reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxides, malondialdehyde and glutathione, we further confirmed that SUR combined with PDT can inhibit CCA cells by inducing ferroptosis. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) belongs to the glutathione peroxidase family and is mainly responsible for the metabolism of intracellular hydrogen peroxide. GPX4 inhibits ferroptosis by reducing cytotoxic lipid peroxides (L-OOH) to the corresponding alcohols (L-OH). Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) is a member of the long-chain fatty acid coenzyme a synthetase family and is mainly involved in the biosynthesis and catabolism of fatty acids. ACSL4 induces ferroptosis by promoting the accumulation of lipid peroxides. Both SUR and PDT can induce ferroptosis by promoting ACSL4 and inhibiting GPX4. The regulation effect is found to be more significant in combined treatment group. In conclusion, SUR combined with PDT exerted an anti-CCA effect by inducing ferroptosis. Combination therapy provides a new idea for the clinical treatment of CCA.

13.
Cell Biol Int ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654431

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common disorder in the clinic, which may lead to severe detrimental outcomes both for mothers and infants. However, the underlying mechanisms for GDM are still not clear. In the present study, we performed label-free proteomics using placentas from GDM patients and normal controls. Vitronectin caused our attention among differentially expressed proteins due to its potential role in the pathological progression of GDM. Vitronectin was increased in the placentas of GDM patients, which was confirmed by Western blot analysis. Vitronectin represses insulin signal transduction in trophoblast cells, whereas the knockdown of vitronectin further potentiates insulin-evoked events. Neutralization of CD51/61 abolishes the repressed insulin signal transduction in vitronectin-treated trophoblast cells. Moreover, vitronectin activates JNK in a CD51/61-depedent manner. Inhibition of JNK rescues impaired insulin signal transduction induced by vitronectin. Overall, our data indicate that vitronectin binds CD51/61 in trophoblast cells to activate JNK, and thus induces insulin resistance. In this regard, increased expression of vitronectin is likely a risk factor for the pathological progression of GDM. Moreover, blockade of vitronectin production or its receptors (CD51/61) may have therapeutic potential for dealing with GDM.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(17): 22035-22047, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639478

RESUMO

Sodium (Na) super ion conductor (NASICON) structure Na3MnTi(PO4)3 (NMTP) is considered a promising cathode for sodium-ion batteries due to its reversible three-electron reaction. However, the inferior electronic conductivity and sluggish reaction kinetics limit its practical applications. Herein, we successfully constructed a three-dimensional cross-linked porous architecture NMTP material (AsN@NMTP/C) by a natural microbe of Aspergillus niger (AsN), and the structure of different NMTP cathodes was optimized by adjusting different transition metal Mn/Ti ratios. Both approaches effectively altered the three-dimensional NMTP structure, not only improving electronic conductivity and controlling Na+ diffusion pathways but also enhancing the electrochemical kinetics of the material. The resultant AsN@NMTP/C-650, sintered at 650 °C, exhibits better electrochemical performance with higher reversible three-electron reactions corresponding to the voltage platforms of Ti4+/3+, Mn3+/2+, and Mn4+/3+ around 2.1, 3.6, and 4.1 V (vs Na+/Na), respectively. The capacity retention rate is up to 89.3% after 1000 cycles at a 2C rate. Moreover, a series of results confirms that the Na3.4Mn1.2Ti0.8(PO4)3 cathode has the most excellent electrochemical performance when the Mn/Ti ratio is 1.2/0.8, with a high capacity of 96.59 mAh g-1 and 97.1% capacity retention after 500 cycles.

16.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(7)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The dynamic assessment of disease activity during the follow-up of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) remains a significant challenge. In this study, we aimed to identify the role of dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) in the evaluation of activity of CD. METHODS: In the retrospective study, patients diagnosed with CD in our hospital were included. All the diagnoses were confirmed by clinical symptoms and ileocolonoscopical results. All patients underwent intestinal ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) examinations within 1 week of the ileocolonoscopy examinations. Acuson Sequoia (Siemens Healthineers, Mountain View, CA, USA) and Resona R9 Elite (Mindray Medical Systems, China) with curved array and Line array transducers were used. The CEUS examination was performed with SonoVue (Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy). DCE-US analysis was performed by UltraOffice (version: 0.3-2010, Mindray Medical Systems, China) software. Two regions of interest (ROIs) were set in the anterior section of the infected bowel wall and its surrounding normal bowel wall 2 cm distant from the inflamed area. Time-intensity curves (TICs) were generated and quantitative perfusion parameters were obtained after curve fittings. The Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) was regarded as the reference standard to evaluate the activity of CD. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses were used to determine the diagnostic efficiency of DCE-US quantitative parameters. RESULTS: From March 2023 to November 2023, 52 CD patients were included. According to SES-CD score, all patients were divided into active group with the SES-CD score > 5 (n = 39) and inactive group SES-CD score < 5 (n = 13). Most of the active CD patients showed bowel wall thickness (BWT) > 4.2 mm (97.4%, 38/39) or mesenteric fat hypertrophy (MFH) on intestinal ultrasound (US) scan (69.2%, 27/39). Color Doppler signal of the bowel wall mostly showed spotty or short striped blood flow signal in active CD patients (56.4%, 22/39). According to CEUS enhancement patterns, most active CD patients showed a complete hyperenhancement of the entire intestinal wall (61.5%, 24/39). The TICs of active CD showed an earlier enhancement, higher peak intensity, and faster decline. Among all CEUS quantitative parameters, amplitude-derived parameters peak enhancement (PE), wash-in area under the curve (WiAUC), wash-in rate (WiR), wash-in perfusion index (WiPI), and wash-out rate (WoR) were significantly higher in active CD than in inactive CD (p < 0.05). The combined AUROC of intestinal ultrasound features and DCE-US quantitative perfusion parameters in the diagnosis of active CD was 0.987, with 97.4% sensitivity, 100% specificity, and 98.1% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: DCE-US with quantitative perfusion parameters is a potential useful noninvasive imaging method to evaluate the activity of Crohn's disease.

17.
J Hepatol ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552880

RESUMO

The rising prevalence of liver diseases related to obesity and excessive use of alcohol is fuelling an increasing demand for accurate biomarkers aimed at community screening, diagnosis of steatohepatitis and significant fibrosis, monitoring, prognostication and prediction of treatment efficacy. Breakthroughs in omics methodologies and the power of bioinformatics have created an excellent opportunity to apply technological advances to clinical needs, for instance in the development of precision biomarkers for personalised medicine. Via omics technologies, biological processes from the genes to circulating protein, as well as the microbiome - including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can be investigated on an axis. However, there are important barriers to omics-based biomarker discovery and validation, including the use of semi-quantitative measurements from untargeted platforms, which may exhibit high analytical, inter- and intra-individual variance. Standardising methods and the need to validate them across diverse populations presents a challenge, partly due to disease complexity and the dynamic nature of biomarker expression at different disease stages. Lack of validity causes lost opportunities when studies fail to provide the knowledge needed for regulatory approvals, all of which contributes to a delayed translation of these discoveries into clinical practice. While no omics-based biomarkers have matured to clinical implementation, the extent of data generated has enabled the hypothesis-free discovery of a plethora of candidate biomarkers that warrant further validation. To explore the many opportunities of omics technologies, hepatologists need detailed knowledge of commonalities and differences between the various omics layers, and both the barriers to and advantages of these approaches.

18.
Anal Chem ; 96(14): 5711-5718, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551104

RESUMO

Self-enhanced electrochemiluminescence (ECL) probes have attracted more and more attention in analytical chemistry for their significant simplification of the ECL sensing operation while improving the ECL sensing sensitivity. However, the development and applications of self-enhanced ECL probes are still in their infancy and mainly suffer from the requirement of a complicated synthesis strategy and relatively low self-enhanced ECL activity. In this work, we took advantage of the recently emerged perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) with high optical quantum yields and easy surface engineering to develop a new type of PQD-based self-enhanced ECL system. The long alkyl chain (C18) diethanolamine (i.e., N-octadecyldiethanolamine (ODA)) with high ECL coreactant activity was selected as a capping ligand to synthesize an ODA-capped PQD self-enhanced ECL probe. The preparation of the coreactant-capped PQDs is as simple as for the ordinary oleylamine (OAm)-capped PQDs, and the obtained ODA-capped PQDs exhibit very strong self-enhanced ECL activity, 82.5 times higher than that of traditional OAm-capped PQDs. Furthermore, the prepared ODA-PQDs have a unique nanostructure (ODA-CsPbBr3@CsPb2Br5), with the highly emissive 3D CsPbBr3 PQD as the core and the water-stable 2D CsPb2Br5 as the shell, which allows ODA-PQDs to be very stable in aqueous media. It is envisioned that the prepared ODA-3D@2D PQDs with the easy preparation method, strong self-enhanced ECL, and excellent water stability have promising applications in ECL sensing.

19.
Vet Microbiol ; 292: 110061, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547545

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has caused significant economic losses in the swine industry. In this study, the high-throughput sequencing, microRNAs (miRNAs) mimic, and lentivirus were used to screen for potential miRNAs that can promote PRRSV infection in porcine alveolar macrophages or Marc-145 cells. It was observed that novel-216, a previously unidentified miRNA, was upregulated through the p38 signaling pathway during PRRSV infection, and its overexpression significantly increased PRRSV replication. Further analysis revealed that novel-216 regulated PRRSV replication by directly targeting mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), an upstream molecule of type Ⅰ IFN that mediates the production and response of type Ⅰ IFN. The proviral function of novel-216 on PRRSV replication was abolished by MAVS overexpression, and this effect was reversed by the 3'UTR of MAVS, which served as the target site of novel-216. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that PRRSV-induced upregulation of novel-216 served to inhibit the production and response of typeⅠ IFN and facilitate viral replication, providing new insights into viral immune evasion and persistent infection.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína , Doenças dos Suínos , Suínos , Animais , Vírus da Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/genética , Síndrome Respiratória e Reprodutiva Suína/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Replicação Viral/fisiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/genética
20.
J Tradit Complement Med ; 14(2): 173-181, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481544

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the mechanism by which Qingguang'an inhibits scar formation in rabbits administered glaucoma filtering surgery (GFS). Methods: Combined trabeculectomy was performed in 100 rabbits diagnosed with glaucoma, which were assigned to five groups, including the no surgery, surgery only, mitomycin C (MMC; positive control), Qingguang'an (experimental) and PBS (negative control) groups. The animals were followed up at postoperative days 1-28. Ultrastructure was observed under a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot, Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) staining, Masson's trichrome staining and Immuno-histochemistry (IHC) were performed to assess the harvested blocks. Results: In the Qingguang'an group, intraocular pressure (IOP) on postoperative D28 was significantly lower than values in the no surgery, surgery only and PBS groups (P < 0.05). Its blebs kept better filtering function and less complications in follow-up, which be detected to have less fibroblasts and collagen deposition histologically. Compared with the PBS group, ATG5, Beclin1 and LC3-II mRNA levels were significantly increased while P62 was downregulated in the Qingguang'an group (P < 0.05). Correspondingly, ATG5 and Beclin1 protein amounts in the Qingguang'an group were increased while P62 was downregulated. The LC3-II/Ⅰ ratio tended to rise to the process of autophagy. Abundant autophagosomes were captured under TEM in this condition. Conclusions: Qingguang'an granules can inhibit scar formation in rabbits after GFS and restrain IOP increase by inducing autophagy in TFs.

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