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1.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(3): 444-453, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721522

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the role of semaphorin 7A (Sema7A) and its associated regulatory mechanisms in modulating the barrier function of cultured human corneal epithelial cells (HCEs). METHODS: Barrier models of HCEs were treated with recombinant human Sema7A at concentrations of 0, 125, 250, or 500 ng/mL for 24, 48, or 72h in vitro. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) as well as Dextran-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) permeability assays were conducted to assess barrier function. To quantify tight junctions (TJs) such as occludin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) at the mRNA level, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was performed. Immunoblotting was used to examine the activity of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway and the production of TJs proteins. Immunofluorescence analyses were employed to localize the TJs. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and RT-PCR were utilized to observe changes in interleukin (IL)-1ß levels. To investigate the role of NF-κB signaling activation and IL-1ß in Sema7A's anti-barrier mechanism, we employed 0.1 µmol/L IκB kinase 2 (IKK2) inhibitor IV or 500 ng/mL IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) antagonist. RESULTS: Treatment with Sema7A resulted in decreased TEER and increased permeability of Dextran-FITC in HCEs through down-regulating mRNA and protein levels of TJs in a time- and dose-dependent manner, as well as altering the localization of TJs. Furthermore, Sema7A stimulated the activation of inhibitor of kappa B alpha (IκBα) and expression of IL-1ß. The anti-barrier function of Sema7A was significantly suppressed by treatment with IKK2 inhibitor IV or IL-1R antagonists. CONCLUSION: Sema7A disrupts barrier function through its influence on NF-κB-mediated expression of TJ proteins, as well as the expression of IL-1ß. These findings suggest that Sema7A could be a potential therapeutic target for the diseases in corneal epithelium.

2.
Small ; : e2401315, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747008

RESUMO

Battery-type electrode materials with high capacity, wide potential windows, and good cyclic stability are crucial to breaking through energy storage limitations and achieving high energy density. Herein, a novel 2D-on-2D Al-doped NiCo layered double hydroxide (NiCoAlx LDH) nanosheet arrays with high-mass-loading are grown on a carbon cloth (CC) substrate via a two-step hydro/solvothermal deposition strategy, and the effect of Al doping is employed to modify the deposition behavior, hierarchical morphology, phase stability, and multi-metallic synergistic effect. The optimized NiCoAl0.1 LDH electrode exhibits capacities of 5.43, 6.52, and 7.25 C cm-2 (9.87, 10.88, and 11.15 F cm-2) under 0-0.55, 0-0.60, and 0-0.65 V potential windows, respectively, illustrating clearly the importance of the wide potential window. The differentiated deposition strategy reduces the leaching level of Al3+ cations in alkaline solutions, ensuring excellent cyclic performance (108% capacity retention after 40 000 cycles). The as-assembled NiCoAl0.1 LDH//activated carbon cloth (ACC) hybrid supercapacitor delivers 3.11 C cm-2 at 0-2.0 V, a large energy density of 0.84 mWh cm-2 at a power density of 10.00 mW cm-2, and excellent cyclic stability with ≈135% capacity retention after 150 000 cycles.

3.
J Chem Phys ; 160(17)2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748025

RESUMO

Determining the correlation between the size of a single quantum dot (QD) and its photoluminescence (PL) properties is a challenging task. In the study, we determine the size of each QD by measuring its absorption cross section, which allows for accurate investigation of size-dependent PL blinking mechanisms and volume scaling of the biexciton Auger recombination at the single-particle level. A significant correlation between the blinking mechanism and QD size is observed under low excitation conditions. When the QD size is smaller than their Bohr diameter, single CsPbI3 perovskite QDs tend to exhibit BC-blinking, whereas they tend to exhibit Auger-blinking when the QD size exceeds their Bohr diameter. In addition, by extracting bright-state photons from the PL intensity trajectories, the effects of QD charging and surface defects on the biexcitons are effectively reduced. This allows for a more accurate measurement of the volume scaling of biexciton Auger recombination in weakly confined CsPbI3 perovskite QDs at the single-dot level, revealing a superlinear volume scaling (τXX,Auger ∝ σ1.96).

4.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731476

RESUMO

Although the wide variety of bioactivities of curcumin has been reported by researchers, the clinical application of curcumin is still limited due to its poor aqueous solubility. In view of this, a series of dimethylaminomethyl-substituted curcumin derivatives were designed and synthesized (compounds 1-15). Acetate of these derivatives were prepared (compounds 1a-15a). The Mannich reaction and aldol condensation reaction are the main reactions involved in this study. Compounds 6, 10, 12, 3a, 5a, 6a, 7a, 8a, 10a, 11a, 12a, 13a, 14a, and 15a exhibited better in vitro anti-inflammatory activity compared to curcumin in the RAW264.7 cell line. Compounds 5, 1a, 5a, 8a, and 12a exhibited better in vitro antioxidant activity compared to curcumin in the PC 12 cell line. Compounds 11, 13, 5a, 7a, and 13a exhibited better in vitro radiation protection compared to curcumin in the PC 12 cell line. The aqueous solubilities of all the curcumin derivative acetates were greatly improved compared to curcumin.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes , Curcumina , Protetores contra Radiação , Solubilidade , Curcumina/farmacologia , Curcumina/química , Curcumina/síntese química , Curcumina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Camundongos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Células RAW 264.7 , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Protetores contra Radiação/farmacologia , Protetores contra Radiação/síntese química , Protetores contra Radiação/química , Desenho de Fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estrutura Molecular , Células PC12 , Ratos , Água/química
5.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1363728, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737634

RESUMO

Background: There are few reports of infantile mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDDS) caused by variants in RRM2B and the correlation between genotype and phenotype has rarely been analyzed in detail. This study investigated an infantile patient with MDDS, from clinical characteristics to genetic causes. Methods: Routine physical examinations, laboratory assays, which included gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of blood and urine, and MRI scans were performed to obtain an exact diagnosis. Whole-exome sequencing was used to pinpoint the abnormal gene and bioinformatic analyses were performed on the identified variant. Results: The case presented with progressive neurologic deterioration, failure to thrive, respiratory distress and lactic acidosis. Sequencing revealed that the patient had a homozygous novel missense variant, c.155T>C (p.Ile52Thr), in exon 2 of the RRM2B gene. Multiple lines of bioinformatic evidence suggested that this was a likely detrimental variant. In addition, reported RRM2B variants were compiled from the relevant literature to analyze disease etiology. We found a distinctive distribution of genotypes across disease manifestations of different severity. Pathogenic alleles of RRM2B were significantly enriched in MDDS cases. Conclusion: The novel variant is a likely genetic cause of MDDS. It expands our understanding of the pathogenic variant spectrum and the contribution of the RRM2B gene to the disease spectrum of MDDS.

6.
Transl Cancer Res ; 13(4): 2026-2042, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737700

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Lysyl oxidase-like protein 4 (LOXL4) is a secreted copper-dependent amine oxidase involved in the assembly and maintenance of extracellular matrix (ECM), playing a critical role in ECM formation and repair. Tumor-stroma interactions and ECM dysregulation are closely associated with the mechanisms underlying tumor initiation and progression. LOXL4 is the latest identified member of the lysyl oxidase (LOX) protein family. Currently, there is limited and controversial research on the role of LOXL4 in human malignancies. Its specific regulatory pathways, mechanisms, and roles in the occurrence, development, and treatment of malignancies remain incompletely understood. This article aims to illustrate the primary protein structure and the function of LOXL4 protein, and the relationship between LOXL4 protein and the occurrence and development of human malignant tumors to provide a reference for further clinical research. Methods: We searched the English literature on LOXL4 in the occurrence and development of various malignant tumors in PubMed and Web of Science. The search keywords include "cancer" "LOXL4" "malignant tumor" "tumorigenesis and development", etc. Key Content and Findings: LOXL4 is up-regulated in human gastric cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, esophageal carcinoma and colorectal cancer, but down-regulated in human bladder cancer and lung cancer and inhibits tumor growth. There are two conflicting reports of both upregulation and downregulation in hepatocellular carcinoma, suggesting that LOXL4 has a bidirectional effect of promoting or inhibiting cancer in different types of human malignant tumors. We further explore the application prospect of LOXL4 protein in the study of malignant tumors, laying a theoretical foundation for the clinical diagnosis, treatment and screening of prognostic markers of malignant tumors. Conclusions: LOXL4 exerts a bidirectional regulatory role, either inhibiting or promoting tumors depending on the type of cancer. We still need more research to further confirm the molecular mechanism of LOXL4 in cancer progression.

7.
J Thorac Dis ; 16(4): 2236-2243, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738225

RESUMO

Background: An increasing number of patients with synchronous esophageal cancer (EC) and gastric cancer (GC) have been diagnosed in recent years. Colon or jejunal interposition for esophageal reconstruction has been frequently performed. This study aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility of a new surgical procedure for patients with synchronous thoracic middle-lower segment EC and distal GC. Methods: Between July 2012 and December 2021, 18 patients underwent simultaneous esophagectomy and distal gastrectomy, in which the tubular stomach was formed by greater curvature of proximal stomach, with the right gastroepiploic vessels used as the blood supply. Patient demographics and perioperative data were analyzed. Results: All 18 patients were male, with a mean age of 64.9 years (range, 51-72 years). The mean ± standard deviation (SD) operative duration was 249.6±17.4 min (range, 195-275 min) and mean estimated blood loss was 200.0±86.6 mL (range, 100-400 mL). Ten (55.6%) patients recovered well without any complications, with a mean postoperative length of hospitalization of 9.2±2.6 days (range, 6-13 days). Overall, postoperative complications, defined as Clavien-Dindo grades I-V, occurred in eight (44.4%) patients, with anastomotic leakage in four (22.2%), and hydrothorax (11.1%), gastric retention (5.6%), pneumonia (5.6%), and jaundice (5.6%) occurring in two, one, one, and one patient(s), respectively. All patients who experienced complications recovered after treatment, except for one who died of anastomotic leakage. Conclusions: The surgical procedure might be a new treatment option for selected patients with synchronous thoracic middle-lower segment EC and distal GC.

8.
PLoS Med ; 21(5): e1004389, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether intensification of the chemotherapy backbone in tandem with an anti-EGFR can confer superior clinical outcomes in a cohort of RAS/BRAF wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with initially unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). To that end, we sought to comparatively evaluate the efficacy and safety of cetuximab plus FOLFOXIRI (triplet arm) versus cetuximab plus FOLFOX (doublet arm) as a conversion regimen (i.e., unresectable to resectable) in CRC patients with unresectable CRLM. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted from April 2018 to December 2022 in 7 medical centers across China, enrolling 146 RAS/BRAF wild-type CRC patients with initially unresectable CRLM. A stratified blocked randomization method was utilized to assign patients (1:1) to either the cetuximab plus FOLFOXIRI (n = 72) or cetuximab plus FOLFOX (n = 74) treatment arms. Stratification factors were tumor location (left versus right) and resectability (technically unresectable versus ≥5 metastases). The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary outcomes included the median depth of tumor response (DpR), early tumor shrinkage (ETS), R0 resection rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (not mature at the time of analysis), and safety profile. Radiological tumor evaluations were conducted by radiologists blinded to the group allocation. Primary efficacy analyses were conducted based on the intention-to-treat population, while safety analyses were performed on patients who received at least 1 line of chemotherapy. A total of 14 patients (9.6%) were lost to follow-up (9 in the doublet arm and 5 in the triplet arm). The ORR was comparable following adjustment for stratification factors, with 84.7% versus 79.7% in the triplet and doublet arms, respectively (odds ratio [OR] 0.70; 95% confidence intervals [CI] [0.30, 1.67], Chi-square p = 0.42). Moreover, the ETS rate showed no significant difference between the triplet and doublet arms (80.6% (58/72) versus 77.0% (57/74), OR 0.82, 95% CI [0.37, 1.83], Chi-square p = 0.63). Although median DpR was higher in the triplet therapy group (59.6%, interquartile range [IQR], [50.0, 69.7] versus 55.0%, IQR [42.8, 63.8], Mann-Whitney p = 0.039), the R0/R1 resection rate with or without radiofrequency ablation/stereotactic body radiation therapy was comparable with 54.2% (39/72) of patients in the triplet arm versus 52.7% (39/74) in the doublet arm. At a median follow-up of 26.2 months (IQR [12.8, 40.5]), the median PFS was 11.8 months in the triplet arm versus 13.4 months in the doublet arm (hazard ratio [HR] 0.74, 95% CI [0.50, 1.11], Log-rank p = 0.14). Grade ≥ 3 events were reported in 47.2% (35/74) of patients in the doublet arm and 55.9% (38/68) of patients in the triplet arm. The triplet arm was associated with a higher incidence of grade ≥ 3 neutropenia (44.1% versus 27.0%, p = 0.03) and diarrhea (5.9% versus 0%, p = 0.03). The primary limitations of the study encompass the inherent bias in subjective surgical decisions regarding resection feasibility, as well as the lack of a centralized assessment for ORR and resection. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of cetuximab with FOLFOXIRI did not significantly improve ORR compared to cetuximab plus FOLFOX. Despite achieving an enhanced DpR, this improvement did not translate into improved R0 resection rates or PFS. Moreover, the triplet arm was associated with an increase in treatment-related toxicity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03493048.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Camptotecina , Cetuximab , Neoplasias Colorretais , Fluoruracila , Leucovorina , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Compostos Organoplatínicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf , Humanos , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Idoso , Adulto , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteínas ras/genética
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 933: 173068, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723965

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is an extremely toxic heavy metal that can originate from industrial activities and accumulate in agricultural soils. This study investigates the potential of biologically synthesized silicon oxide nanoparticles (Bio-SiNPs) in alleviating Cd toxicity in bayberry plants. Bio-SiNPs were synthesized using the bacterial strain Chryseobacterium sp. RTN3 and thoroughly characterized using advanced techniques. A pot experiment results demonstrated that Cd stress substantially reduced leaves biomass, photosynthesis efficiency, antioxidant enzyme activity, and induced oxidative damage in bayberry (Myrica rubra) plants. However, Bio-SiNPs application at 200 mg kg-1 significantly enhanced plant biomass, chlorophyll content (26.4 %), net photosynthetic rate (8.6 %), antioxidant enzyme levels, and mitigated reactive oxygen species production under Cd stress. Bio-SiNPs modulated key stress-related phytohormones by increasing salicylic acid (13.2 %) and abscisic acid (13.7 %) contents in plants. Bio-SiNPs augmented Si deposition on root surfaces, preserving normal ultrastructure in leaf cells. Additionally, 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that Bio-SiNPs treatment favorably reshaped structure and abundance of specific bacterial groups (Proteobacteria, Actinobacteriota, and Acidobacteriota) in the rhizosphere. Notably, Bio-SiNPs application significantly modulated the key metabolites (phenylacetaldehyde, glycitein, maslinic acid and methylmalonic acid) under both normal and Cd stress conditions. Overall, this study highlights that bio-nanoremediation using Bio-SiNPs enhances tolerance to Cd stress in bayberry plants by beneficially modulating biochemical, microbial, and metabolic attributes.

10.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(5): e14749, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739004

RESUMO

AIMS: A bone-invasive pituitary adenoma exhibits aggressive behavior, leading to a worse prognosis. We have found that TNF-α promotes bone invasion by facilitating the differentiation of osteoclasts, however, before bone-invasive pituitary adenoma invades bone tissue, it needs to penetrate the dura mater, and this mechanism is not yet clear. METHODS: We performed transcriptome microarrays on specimens of bone-invasive pituitary adenomas (BIPAs) and noninvasive pituitary adenomas (NIPAs) and conducted differential expressed gene analysis and enrichment analysis. We altered the expression of TNF-α through plasmids, then validated the effects of TNF-α on GH3 cells and verified the efficacy of the TNF-α inhibitor SPD304. Finally, the effects of TNF-α were validated in in vivo experiments. RESULTS: Pathway act work showed that the MAPK pathway was significantly implicated in the pathway network. The expression of TNF-α, MMP9, and p-p38 is higher in BIPAs than in NIPAs. Overexpression of TNF-α elevated the expression of MAPK pathway proteins and MMP9 in GH3 cells, as well as promoted proliferation, migration, and invasion of GH3 cells. Flow cytometry indicated that TNF-α overexpression increased the G2 phase ratio in GH3 cells and inhibited apoptosis. The expression of MMP9 was reduced after blocking the P38 MAPK pathway; overexpression of MMP9 promoted invasion of GH3 cells. In vivo experiments confirm that the TNF-α overexpression group has larger tumor volumes. SPD304 was able to suppress the effects caused by TNF-α overexpression. CONCLUSION: Bone-invasive pituitary adenoma secretes higher levels of TNF-α, which then acts on itself in an autocrine manner, activating the MAPK pathway and promoting the expression of MMP9, thereby accelerating the membrane invasion process. SPD304 significantly inhibits the effect of TNF-α and may be applied in the clinical treatment of bone-invasive pituitary adenoma.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Humanos , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/metabolismo , Animais , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Comunicação Autócrina/fisiologia , Comunicação Autócrina/efeitos dos fármacos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Adulto , Ratos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 208, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hair follicle is a skin accessory organ that regulates hair development, and its activity varies on a regular basis. However, the significance of metabolites in the hair follicle cycle has long been unknown. RESULTS: Targeted metabolomics was used in this investigation to reveal the expression patterns of 1903 metabolites in cashmere goat skin during anagen to telogen. A statistical analysis was used to investigate the potential associations between metabolites and the hair follicle cycle. The findings revealed clear changes in the expression patterns of metabolites at various phases and in various feeding models. The majority of metabolites (primarily amino acids, nucleotides, their metabolites, and lipids) showed downregulated expression from anagen (An) to telogen (Tn), which was associated with gene expression, protein synthesis and transport, and cell structure, which reflected, to some extent, that the cells associated with hair follicle development are active in An and apoptotic in An-Tn. It is worth mentioning that the expression of vitamin D3 and 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine decreased and then increased, which may be related to the shorter and longer duration of outdoor light, which may stimulate the hair follicle to transition from An to catagen (Cn). In the comparison of different hair follicle development stages (An, Cn, and Tn) or feeding modes (grazing and barn feeding), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis revealed that common differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) (2'-deoxyadenosine, L-valine, 2'-deoxyuridine, riboflavin, cytidine, deoxyguanosine, L-tryptophan, and guanosine-5'-monophosphate) were enriched in ABC transporters. This finding suggested that this pathway may be involved in the hair follicle cycle. Among these DEMs, riboflavin is absorbed from food, and the expression of riboflavin and sugars (D-glucose and glycogen) in skin tissue under grazing was greater and lower than that during barn feeding, respectively, suggesting that eating patterns may also alter the hair follicle cycle. CONCLUSIONS: The expression patterns of metabolites such as sugars, lipids, amino acids, and nucleotides in skin tissue affect hair follicle growth, in which 2'-deoxyadenosine, L-valine, 2'-deoxyuridine, riboflavin, cytidine, deoxyguanosine, L-tryptophan, and guanosine-5'-monophosphate may regulate the hair follicle cycle by participating in ABC transporters. Feeding practices may regulate hair follicle cycles by influencing the amount of hormones and vitamins expressed in the skin of cashmere goats.


Assuntos
Cabras , Folículo Piloso , Metabolômica , Animais , Folículo Piloso/metabolismo , Cabras/metabolismo , Cabras/fisiologia
12.
Food Res Int ; 187: 114329, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763632

RESUMO

The utilization of non-animal-derived materials to imitate cartilage is critical for the advancement of plant-based simulated meat. In this study, gellan gum (GG), konjac glucomannan (KGM), and wheat fiber (WF) were used to construct hydrogel, and the mechanical strength, water properties, and microstructure were regulated by constructing Ca2+ cross-links and moisture control. The hardness, chewiness, resilience, shear force, and shear energy of the Ca2+ cross-linked samples were significantly improved. Extrusion dehydration further changes the related mechanical properties of the hydrogel and results in a tighter microstructure. The findings suggest that the establishment of Ca2+ cross-links and water regulation are efficacious techniques for modifying the texture of the GG/KGM/WF composite hydrogel. Correlation analysis and sensory evaluation showed that the test indexes and sensory scores of the samples with Ca2+ crosslinking and 80 % moisture content were similar to chicken breast cartilage, and the samples with Ca2+ crosslinking and 70 % moisture content were similar to pig crescent bone. This study presents a framework for designing edible cartilage simulators using polysaccharide hydrogels, with implications for enhancing the resemblance of plant-based meat products to real meat and expanding the range of vegetarian offerings available.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Mananas , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Triticum , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Mananas/química , Animais , Hidrogéis/química , Triticum/química , Cartilagem/química , Água/química , Reagentes de Ligações Cruzadas/química , Galinhas , Cálcio/análise , Cálcio/química , Fibras na Dieta/análise
13.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 20: 1049-1064, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770535

RESUMO

Purpose: Anxious depression (AD) is a common, distinct depression subtype. This exploratory subgroup analysis aimed to explore the effects of acupuncture as an add-on therapy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for patients with AD or non-anxious depression (NAD). Patients and Methods: Four hundred and sixty-five patients with moderate-to-severe depression from the AcuSDep pragmatic trial were included in analysis. Patients were randomly assigned to receive MA+SSRIs, EA+SSRIs, or SSRIs alone (1:1:1) for six weeks. AD was defined by using dimensional criteria. The measurement instruments included 17-items Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-17), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Clinical Global Impression (CGI), Rating Scale for Side Effects (SERS), and WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). Comparison between AD and NAD subgroups and comparisons between groups within either AD or NAD subgroups were conducted. Results: Eighty percent of the patients met the criteria for AD. The AD subgroup had poorer clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes compared to those of the NAD subgroup. For AD patients, the HAMD response rate, remission rate, early onset rate, and the score changes on each scale at most measurement points on the two acupuncture groups were significantly better than the SSRIs group. For NAD patients, the HAMD early onset rates of the two acupuncture groups were significantly better than the SSRIs group. Conclusion: For AD subtype patients, either MA or EA add-on SSRIs showed comprehensive improvements, with small-to-medium effect sizes. For NAD subtype patients, both the add-on acupuncture could accelerate the response to SSRIs treatment. The study contributed to the existing literature by providing insights into the potential benefits of acupuncture in combination with SSRIs, especially for patients with AD subtypes. Due to its limited nature as a post hoc subgroup analysis, prospectively designed, high-quality trials are warranted. Clinical Trials Registration: ChiCTR-TRC-08000297.

14.
Bioresour Technol ; 401: 130761, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692370

RESUMO

Cr (VI) is a common heavy metal pollutant in electroplating wastewater. This study introduces the liquid-phase product from the hydrothermal reaction of coffee grounds (CGHCL) into the synthesis process of molybdenum disulfide, assisting in the fabrication of an intercalated, expanded core-shell structured molybdenum disulfide adsorbent (C-MoS2), designed for the adsorption and reduction of Cr (VI) from electroplating wastewater. The addition of CGHCL significantly enhances the adsorption performance of MoS2. Furthermore, C-MoS2 exhibits exceedingly high removal efficiency and excellent regenerative capability for Cr (VI)-containing electroplating wastewater. The core-shell structure effectively minimizes molybdenum leaching to the greatest extent, while the oleophobic interface is unaffected by oily substances in water, and the expanded interlayer structure ensures the long-term stability of C-MoS2 in air (90 days). This study provides a viable pathway for the resource utilization of biomass and the application of molybdenum disulfide-based materials in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Cromo , Dissulfetos , Molibdênio , Águas Residuárias , Purificação da Água , Molibdênio/química , Dissulfetos/química , Adsorção , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Cromo/química , Galvanoplastia , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Soluções
15.
Acta Chir Belg ; : 1-9, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of robotic gastrectomy (RG) as an alternative to laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in treating gastric cancer, controversy remains over the advantages of RG compared to LG and there is a paucity of studies comparing the two techniques regarding patient survival. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 675 patients undergoing minimally invasive gastrectomy were recruited from January 2016 to January 2018 (LG: n = 567; RG: n = 108). A one-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was applied to minimize the selection bias due to confounding factors, yielding 104 patients in each of the RG and LG groups. After matching, the short-term outcomes and 3-year overall survival were compared in the two groups. RESULTS: The PSM cohort analysis showed a similar 3-year overall survival between RG and LG groups (p = .249). Concerning the short-term outcomes, the RG compared to LG resulted in lower blood loss (p = .01), lower postoperative complications (p = .001), lower postoperative pain (p = .016), earlier initiation of soft diet (p = .011), shorter hospital stay |(p = .012), but higher hospitalization expenses (p = .001). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that RG may offer advantages in terms of blood loss, surgical complications, recovery time, and pain management compared to LG while maintaining similar overall survival rates. However, RG is associated with higher hospital costs, potentially limiting its wider adoption. Further research, including large, multi-center randomized controlled trials with longer patient follow-up, particularly for advanced gastric cancer, is needed to confirm these findings.

16.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30701, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765092

RESUMO

This research focuses on achieving sustainable development in residential buildings with energy use. Under the influence of the energy crisis and related problems, research on residential buildings for less energy use has great potential. The literature review, according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, and including VOSviewer analysis, shows the research is increasing and meaningful. Solar Decathlon buildings are used as the main objects in this research. The fifth Solar Decathlon Europe energy use technologies are examined through onsite investigation and online searching. The Analytic Hierarchy Process method for multi-criteria decision analysis is used for sustainability assessment. Moreover, the Ladybug and ClimateStudio plugins simulated respectively the annual solar radiation and the best angle for receiving it. The main findings show that 34 kinds of technologies used in these buildings can be classified into two categories in three directions. Passive technologies should be applied and prioritized, but generating renewable energy is also important. Some infrequently used technologies are not insignificant. The research shows that the combination of technologies decides sustainability performance, but the quantity used does not. Furthermore, energy use also needs to be balanced and coordinated in combination with architectural aesthetics. This research on energy use in residential buildings is beneficial for achieving sustainable development.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768309

RESUMO

The commercialization process of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is markedly restricted by the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and long-term stability. During fabrication and operation, the bottom interface of the organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite layer frequently exhibits voids and residual PbI2, while these defects inevitably act as recombination centers and degradation sites, affecting the efficiency and stability of the devices. Therefore, the degradation and nonradiative recombination originating from the buried interface should be thoroughly resolved. Here, we report a multifunctional passivator by introducing malonic dihydrazide as an interfacial chemical bridge between the electron transport layer and the perovskite (PVK) layer. MADH with hydrazine groups improves the surface affinity of SnO2 and provides nucleation sites for the growth of PVK, leading to the reduced residual PbI2 and the voids resulting from the inhomogeneous solvent volatilization at the bottom interface. Meanwhile, the hydrazine group and carbonyl group synergistically coordinate with Pb2+ to improve the crystal growth environment, reducing the number of Pb-related defects. Eventually, the PCE of the PSCs is significantly enhanced benefiting from the reduced interfacial defects and the increased carrier transport. Moreover, the reductive nature of hydrazide further inhibits I2 generation during long-term operation, and the device retains 90% of the initial PCE under a 1 sun continuous illumination exposure of 700 h.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768636

RESUMO

Selective actinide coordination (from lanthanides) is critical for both nuclear waste management and sustainable development of nuclear power. Hydrophilic ligands used as masking agents to withhold actinides in the aqueous phase are currently highly pursued, while synthetic accessibility, water solubility, acid resistance, and extraction capability are the remaining problems. Most reported hydrophilic ligands are only effective at low acidity. We recently proved that the phenanthroline diimide skeleton was an efficient building block for the construction of highly efficient acid-resistant hydrophilic lanthanide/actinide separation agents, while the limited water solubility hindered the loading capability of the ligand. Herein, amine was introduced as the terminal solubilizing group onto the phenanthroline diimide backbone, which after protonation in acid showed high water solubility. The positively charged terminal amines enhanced the ligand water solubility to a large extent, which, on the other side, was believed to be detrimental for the coordination and complexation of the metal cations. We showed that by delicately adjusting the alkyl chain spacing, this intuitive disadvantage could be relieved and superior extraction performances could be achieved. This work holds significance for both hydrophilic lanthanide/actinide separation ligand design and, concurrently, offers insights into the development of water-soluble lanthanide/actinide complexes for biomedical and bioimaging applications.

19.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 174, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common postoperative complication in patients who undergo radical nephrectomy for renal tumours. However, the factors influencing long-term renal function require further investigation. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the trends in renal function changes and risk factors for renal function deterioration in renal tumour patients after radical nephrectomy. METHODS: We monitored changes in renal function before and after surgery for 3 years. The progression of renal function was determined by the progression and degradation of CKD stages. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyse the causes of renal function progression. RESULTS: We analysed the data of 329 patients with renal tumours who underwent radical nephrectomies between January 2013 and December 2018. In this study, 43.7% of patients had postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), and 48.3% had CKD at advanced stages. Further research revealed that patients' renal function stabilized 3 months after surgery. Additionally, renal function changes during these 3 months have a substantial impact on the progression of long-term renal function changes in patients. CONCLUSION: AKI may be an indicator of short-term postoperative changes in renal function. Renal function tests should be performed in patients with AKI after radical nephrectomy to monitor the progression of functional impairment, particularly within the first 3 months after radical nephrectomy.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rim/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes de Função Renal
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 272, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transdermal delivery of sparingly soluble drugs is challenging due to their low solubility and poor permeability. Deep eutectic solvent (DES)/or ionic liquid (IL)-mediated nanocarriers are attracting increasing attention. However, most of them require the addition of auxiliary materials (such as surfactants or organic solvents) to maintain the stability of formulations, which may cause skin irritation and potential toxicity. RESULTS: We fabricated an amphiphilic DES using natural oxymatrine and lauric acid and constructed a novel self-assembled reverse nanomicelle system (DES-RM) based on the features of this DES. Synthesized DESs showed the broad liquid window and significantly solubilized a series of sparingly soluble drugs, and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models with good prediction ability were further built. The experimental and molecular dynamics simulation elucidated that the self-assembly of DES-RM was adjusted by noncovalent intermolecular forces. Choosing triamcinolone acetonide (TA) as a model drug, the skin penetration studies revealed that DES-RM significantly enhanced TA penetration and retention in comparison with their corresponding DES and oil. Furthermore, in vivo animal experiments demonstrated that TA@DES-RM exhibited good anti-psoriasis therapeutic efficacy as well as biocompatibility. CONCLUSIONS: The present study offers innovative insights into the optimal design of micellar nanodelivery system based on DES combining experiments and computational simulations and provides a promising strategy for developing efficient transdermal delivery systems for sparingly soluble drugs.


Assuntos
Administração Cutânea , Micelas , Absorção Cutânea , Solubilidade , Solventes , Animais , Solventes/química , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Masculino , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Portadores de Fármacos/química
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