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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598403

RESUMO

Steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP), one of the most popular electroencephalography (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) paradigms, can achieve high performance using calibration-based recognition algorithms. As calibration-based recognition algorithms are time-consuming to collect calibration data, the least-squares transformation (LST) has been used to reduce the calibration effort for SSVEP-based BCI. However, the transformation matrices constructed by current LST methods are not precise enough, resulting in large differences between the transformed data and the real data of the target subject. This ultimately leads to the constructed spatial filters and reference templates not being effective enough. To address these issues, this paper proposes multi-stimulus LST with online adaptation scheme (ms-LST-OA). METHODS: The proposed ms-LST-OA consists of two parts. Firstly, to improve the precision of the transformation matrices, we propose the multi-stimulus LST (ms-LST) using cross-stimulus learning scheme as the cross-subject data transformation method. The ms-LST uses the data from neighboring stimuli to construct a higher precision transformation matrix for each stimulus to reduce the differences between transformed data and real data. Secondly, to further optimize the constructed spatial filters and reference templates, we use an online adaptation scheme to learn more features of the EEG signals of the target subject through an iterative process trial-by-trial. RESULTS: ms-LST-OA performance was measured for three datasets (Benchmark Dataset, BETA Dataset, and UCSD Dataset). Using few calibration data, the ITR of ms-LST-OA achieved 210.01±10.10 bits/min, 172.31±7.26 bits/min, and 139.04±14.90 bits/min for all three datasets, respectively. CONCLUSION: Using ms-LST-OA can reduce calibration effort for SSVEP-based BCIs.

2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1347901, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571963

RESUMO

Most host-microbiota interactions occur within the intestinal barrier, which is essential for separating the intestinal epithelium from toxins, microorganisms, and antigens in the gut lumen. Gut inflammation allows pathogenic bacteria to enter the blood stream, forming immune complexes which may deposit on organs. Despite increased circulating immune complexes (CICs) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and discussions among IBD experts regarding their potential pathogenic role in extra-intestinal manifestations, this phenomenon is overlooked because definitive evidence demonstrating CIC-induced extra-intestinal manifestations in IBD animal models is lacking. However, clinical observations of elevated CICs in newly diagnosed, untreated patients with IBD have reignited research into their potential pathogenic implications. Musculoskeletal symptoms are the most prevalent extra-intestinal IBD manifestations. CICs are pivotal in various arthritis forms, including reactive, rheumatoid, and Lyme arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Research indicates that intestinal barrier restoration during the pre-phase of arthritis could inhibit arthritis development. In the absence of animal models supporting extra-intestinal IBD manifestations, this paper aims to comprehensively explore the relationship between CICs and arthritis onset via a multifaceted analysis to offer a fresh perspective for further investigation and provide novel insights into the interplay between CICs and arthritis development in IBD.


Assuntos
Artrite , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Humanos , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/uso terapêutico , Artrite/etiologia , Inflamação , Artralgia/etiologia
3.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 325, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-coding RNA is a key epigenetic regulation factor during skeletal muscle development and postnatal growth, and miR-542-3p was reported to be conserved and highly expressed in the skeletal muscle among different species. However, its exact functions in the proliferation of muscle stem cells and myogenesis remain to be determined. METHODS: Transfection of proliferative and differentiated C2C12 cells used miR-542-3p mimic and inhibitor. RT-qPCR, EdU staining, immunofluorescence staining, cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8), and Western blot were used to evaluate the proliferation and myogenic differentiation caused by miR-542-3p. The dual luciferase reporter analysis and rescued experiment of the target gene were used to reveal the molecular mechanism. RESULTS: The data shows overexpression of miR-542-3p downregulation of mRNA and protein levels of proliferation marker genes, reduction of EdU+ cells, and cellular vitality. Additionally, knocking it down promoted the aforementioned phenotypes. For differentiation, the miR-542-3p gain-of-function reduced both mRNA and protein levels of myogenic genes, including MYOG, MYOD1, et al. Furthermore, immunofluorescence staining immunized by MYHC antibody showed that the myotube number, fluorescence intensity, differentiation index, and myotube fusion index all decreased in the miR-542-3p mimic group, compared with the control group. Conversely, these phenotypes exhibited an increased trend in the miR-542-3p inhibitor group. Mechanistically, phosphatase and tensin homolog (Pten) was identified as the bona fide target gene of miR-542-3p by dual luciferase reporter gene assay, si-Pten combined with miR-542-3p inhibitor treatments totally rescued the promotion of proliferation by loss-function of miR-542-3p. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that miR-542-3p inhibits the proliferation and differentiation of myoblast and Pten is a dependent target gene of miR-542-3p in myoblast proliferation, but not in differentiation.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Mioblastos , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo
4.
J Cogn Neurosci ; : 1-20, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579269

RESUMO

The brain is a hierarchical modular organization that varies across functional states. Network configuration can better reveal network organization patterns. However, the multi-hierarchy network configuration remains unknown. Here, we proposed an eigenmodal decomposition approach to detect modules at multi-hierarchy, which can identify higher-layer potential submodules, and is consistent with the brain hierarchical structure. We defined three metrics: node configuration matrix, combinability, and separability. Node configuration matrix represents network configuration changes between layers. Separability reflects network configuration from global to local, whereas combinability shows network configuration from local to global. First, we created a random network to verify the feasibility of the method. Results show that separability of real networks is larger than that of random networks, whereas combinability is smaller than random networks. Then, we analyzed a large data set incorporating fMRI data from resting and seven distinct tasking conditions. Experiment results demonstrates the high similarity in node configuration matrices for different task conditions, whereas the tasking states have less separability and greater combinability between modules compared with the resting state. Furthermore, the ability of brain network configuration can predict brain states and cognition performance. Crucially, derived from tasks are highlighted with greater power than resting, showing that task-induced attributes have a greater ability to reveal individual differences. Together, our study provides novel perspectives for analyzing the organization structure of complex brain networks at multi-hierarchy, gives new insights to further unravel the working mechanisms of the brain, and adds new evidence for tasking states to better characterize and predict behavioral traits.

5.
Oncol Res ; 32(4): 737-752, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560573

RESUMO

Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) is a malignant tumor that carries a substantial risk of morbidity and mortality. The MMP family assumes a crucial role in tumor invasion and metastasis. This study aimed to uncover the mechanistic relevance of the MMP gene family as a therapeutic target and diagnostic biomarker in Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) through a comprehensive approach encompassing both computational and molecular analyses. STRING, Cytoscape, UALCAN, GEPIA, OncoDB, HPA, cBioPortal, GSEA, TIMER, ENCORI, DrugBank, targeted bisulfite sequencing (bisulfite-seq), conventional PCR, Sanger sequencing, and RT-qPCR based analyses were used in the present study to analyze MMP gene family members to accurately determine a few hub genes that can be utilized as both therapeutic targets and diagnostic biomarkers for KIRC. By performing STRING and Cytohubba analyses of the 24 MMP gene family members, MMP2 (matrix metallopeptidase 2), MMP9 (matrix metallopeptidase 9), MMP12 (matrix metallopeptidase 12), and MMP16 (matrix metallopeptidase 16) genes were denoted as hub genes having highest degree scores. After analyzing MMP2, MMP9, MMP12, and MMP16 via various TCGA databases and RT-qPCR technique across clinical samples and KIRC cell lines, interestingly, all these hub genes were found significantly overexpressed at mRNA and protein levels in KIRC samples relative to controls. The notable effect of the up-regulated MMP2, MMP9, MMP12, and MMP16 was also documented on the overall survival (OS) of the KIRC patients. Moreover, targeted bisulfite-sequencing (bisulfite-seq) analysis revealed that promoter hypomethylation pattern was associated with up-regulation of hub genes (MMP2, MMP9, MMP12, and MMP16). In addition to this, hub genes were involved in various diverse oncogenic pathways. The MMP gene family members (MMP2, MMP9, MMP12, and MMP16) may serve as therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers in KIRC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Sulfitos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Metaloproteinase 12 da Matriz , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 16 da Matriz , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia
6.
Ophthalmic Res ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588644

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore the functional connectivity of the primary visual cortex (V1) in children with anisometropic amblyopia by using the resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) analysis method and determine whether anisometropic amblyopia is associated with changes in brain function. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were obtained from 16 children with anisometropia amblyopia (CAA group) and 12 healthy children (HC group) during the resting state. The Brodmann area 17 (BA17) was used as the region of interest (ROI), and the functional connection (FC) of V1 was analyzed in both groups. A two-sample t-test was used to analyze the FC value between the two groups. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the mean FC value in the brain function change area of the CAA group and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of amblyopia. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age and sex between the CAA and HC groups (p > 0.05). Compared to the HC group, the CAA group showed lower FC values in BA17 and the left medial frontal gyrus, as well as BA17 and the left triangle inferior frontal gyrus. Conversely, the CAA group showed higher FC values in BA17 and the left central posterior gyrus. Notably, BCVA in amblyopia did not correlate with the area of change in mean FC in the brain function of the CAA group. CONCLUSION: Resting-state fMRI-based functional connectivity analysis indicates a significant alteration in V1 of children with anisometropic amblyopia. These findings contribute additional insights into the neuropathological mechanisms underlying visual impairment in anisometropic amblyopia.

8.
Mol Immunol ; 170: 46-56, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615627

RESUMO

Peritoneal B cells can be divided into B1 cells (CD11b+CD19+) and B2 cells (CD11b-CD19+) based on CD11b expression. B1 cells play a crucial role in the innate immune response by producing natural antibodies and cytokines. B2 cells share similar traits with B1 cells, influenced by the peritoneal environment. However, the response of both B1 and B2 cells to the same stimuli in the peritoneum remains uncertain. We isolated peritoneal B1 and B2 cells from mice and assessed differences in Interleukin-10(IL-10) secretion, apoptosis, and surface molecule expression following exposure to LPS and Interleukin-21(IL-21). Our findings indicate that B1 cells are potent IL-10 producers, possessing surface molecules with an IgMhiCD43+CD21low profile, and exhibit a propensity for apoptosis in vitro. Conversely, B2 cells exhibit lower IL-10 production and surface markers characterized as IgMlowCD43-CD21hi, indicative of some resistance to apoptosis. LPS stimulates MAPK phosphorylation in B1 and B2 cells, causing IL-10 production. Furthermore, LPS inhibits peritoneal B2 cell apoptosis by enhancing Bcl-xL expression. Conversely, IL-21 has no impact on IL-10 production in these cells. Nevertheless, impeding STAT3 phosphorylation permits IL-21 to increase IL-10 production in peritoneal B cells. Moreover, IL-21 significantly raises apoptosis levels in these cells, a process independent of STAT3 phosphorylation and possibly linked to reduced Bcl-xL expression. This study elucidates the distinct functional and response profiles of B1 and B2 cells in the peritoneum to stimuli like LPS and IL-21, highlighting their differential roles in immunological responses and B cell diversity.

9.
Scand J Immunol ; 99(5): e13356, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605549

RESUMO

In light of increasing resistance to PD1 antibody therapy among certain patient populations, there is a critical need for in-depth research. Our study assesses the synergistic effects of a MUC1 DNA vaccine and PD1 antibody for surmounting PD1 resistance, employing a murine CT26/MUC1 colon carcinoma model for this purpose. When given as a standalone treatment, PD1 antibodies showed no impact on tumour growth. Additionally, there was no change observed in the intra-tumoural T-cell ratios or in the functionality of T-cells. In contrast, the sole administration of a MUC1 DNA vaccine markedly boosted the cytotoxicity of CD8+ T cells by elevating IFN-γ and granzyme B production. Our compelling evidence highlights that combination therapy more effectively inhibited tumour growth and prolonged survival compared to either monotherapy, thus mitigating the limitations intrinsic to single-agent therapies. This enhanced efficacy was driven by a significant alteration in the tumour microenvironment, skewing it towards pro-immunogenic conditions. This assertion is backed by a raised CD8+/CD4+ T-cell ratio and a decrease in immunosuppressive MDSC and Treg cell populations. On the mechanistic front, the synergistic therapy amplified expression levels of CXCL13 in tumours, subsequently facilitating T-cell ingress into the tumour setting. In summary, our findings advocate for integrated therapy as a potent mechanism for surmounting PD1 antibody resistance, capitalizing on improved T-cell functionality and infiltration. This investigation affords critical perspectives on enhancing anti-tumour immunity through the application of innovative therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Vacinas de DNA , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral , Mucina-1/genética
10.
Curr Med Imaging ; 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) is a type of malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma originating from mature T cells and NK cells, mainly involving the upper aerodigestive tract, including the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx, oral cavity, hypopharynx, larynx, and occasionally the skin, salivary glands, testes, and gastrointestinal tract, but rarely the skeletal muscle. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old man presented with redness, swelling, and pain in his right lower limb for 3 months. He was initially diagnosed with cellulitis at another hospital and was treated conservatively for two weeks without improvement. He underwent a biopsy of the lesioned muscle and histopathology revealed nasal type ENKTCL. 18F-FDG PET/CT was recommended for the staging of the lymphoma, and the results showed that except for the muscles of the right lower extremity, no other organs and tissues were involved. CONCLUSION: ENKTCL confined to the muscle of the lower extremity is rare and often initially misdiagnosed as myositis because of red, swollen, heat, and painful symptoms that resemble inflammation, and in it, higher radiotracer uptake in 18F-FDG PET/CT helps to distinguish it from myositis.

11.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; 91(3): e13827, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The polymorphisms of the FOXP3 gene may mediate abnormalities in Tregs, leading to an imbalance in maternal-fetal immune tolerance and ultimately resulting in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). This meta-analysis aims to assess the potential association between FOXP3 polymorphisms and susceptibility to RSA using five specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: By conducting a comprehensive search across databases such as EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, and CBM, we identified suitable studies for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The data extracted from these studies were subjected to analysis using Stata SE 15. To assess the degree of association, we utilized the odds ratio (OR) along with its corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). Five specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were employed in assessing the connection between FOXP3 gene polymorphisms and RSA. RESULTS: The meta-analysis demonstrated a significant association between several polymorphisms (rs3761548, rs2232365, rs2232368, rs2280883, and rs2294021) and susceptibility to RSA. Conversely, the FOXP3 rs5902434 polymorphism was not associated with susceptibility to RSA. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis suggests that these genetic variations within the FOXP3 gene might play a role in the progression of RSA disease. Meanwhile, large-scale studies that consider multiple factors are needed to validate this finding.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Aborto Habitual/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feto , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética
12.
Intern Med ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432989

RESUMO

Ovary microcystic stromal tumor (MCST) is an extremely rare subtype of sex cord-stromal neoplasm, and only 57 cases have been reported. We herein report a unique case of ovarian MCST with positive nestin expression in a 39-year-old Chinese woman. The tumor showed microcystic stromal histological structures and characteristically expressed the CD10, WT-1, and Ki67 proteins. A molecular analysis identified a point mutation (c.110C > T) in exon 3 of the CTNNB1 gene. To our knowledge, no report has described a case of ovarian MCST with positive staining for nestin protein. Our study provides new insights into the tumor biology of ovarian MCST.

13.
Environ Res ; 251(Pt 1): 118635, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462083

RESUMO

Carbon nanosol (CNS) is a carbon-based nanomaterial capable of promoting plant growth while the underlying mechanism involved in this process remains unknown. This study demonstrates that CNS promotes rice seedling growth under restricted concentrations. Macroelement transporter mutants were investigated to further investigate the CNS-mediated promotion of rice seedling growth. The genetic and physiological findings revealed that nitrate transporter 1.1B (NRT1.1B) and ammonium transporter 1 (AMT1) mutants inhibited the CNS-induced growth development of rice seedlings, whereas potassium transporter (AKT1) and phosphate transporter 8 (PT8) did not exhibit any inhibitory effects. Further investigations demonstrated the inhibition of CNS-mediated growth promotion via glutamine synthetase 1;1 (gs1;1) mutants. Additionally, the administration of CNS resulted in enhanced accumulation of chlorophyll in plants, and the promotion of CNS-induced growth was inhibited by yellow-green leaf 8 (YGL8) mutants and the chlorophyll biosynthetic gene divinyl reductase (DVR) mutants. According to these findings, the CNS promotes plant growth by stimulating chlorophyll biosynthesis. Furthermore, the presence of CNS enhanced the ability of rice to withstand blast, sheath blight (ShB), and bacterial blight. The nrt1.1b, amt1, dvr, and ygl8 mutants did not exhibit a broad spectrum effect. The positive regulation of broad-spectrum resistance in rice by GS1;1 suggests the requirement of N assimilation for CNS-mediated broad-spectrum resistance. In addition, an in vitro assay demonstrated that CNS inhibits the growth of pathogens responsible for blast, ShB, and bacterial blight, namely Magnaporthe oryzae, Rhizoctonia solani AG1-IA, and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzae, respectively. CNS application may also induce broad-spectrum resistance against bacterial and fungal pathogens, indicating that in addition to its antifungal and antibacterial properties, CNS application may also stimulate N assimilation. Collectively, the results indicate that CNS may be a potential nano-therapeutic agent for improved plant growth promotion while also providing broad-spectrum resistance.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(10): 5133-5144, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427577

RESUMO

Botanical insecticides are considered an environmentally friendly approach to insect control because they are easily biodegraded and cause less environmental pollution compared to traditional chemical pesticides. In this study, we reported the insecticidal activities of the ingredients from Taiwania flousiana Gaussen (T. flousiana). Five compounds, namely helioxanthin (C1), taiwanin E (C2), taiwanin H (C3), 7,4'-dimethylamentoflavone (C4), and 7,7″-di-O-methylamentoflavone (C5), were isolated and tested against the second, third, and fourth instar larvae of Aedes aegypti. Our results indicated that all five compounds showed insecticidal activities, and helioxanthin, which is an aryltetralin lignan lactone, was the most effective with LC50 values of 0.60, 2.82, and 3.12 mg/L, respectively, 48 h after application, with its activity against the second instar larvae similar to that of pyrethrin and better than that of rotenone. Further studies found that helioxanthin accumulated in the gastric cecum and the midgut and caused swelling of mitochondria with shallow matrices and fewer or disappeared crista. Additionally, our molecular mechanisms studies indicated that the significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly associated with mitochondria and the cuticle, among which the voltage-dependent anion-selective channel (VDAC) gene was the most down-regulated by helioxanthin, and VDAC is the potential target of helioxanthin by binding to specific amino acid residues (His 122 and Glu 147) via hydrogen bonds. We conclude that aryltetralin lignan lactone is a potential class of novel insecticides by targeting VDAC.


Assuntos
Aedes , Inseticidas , Lignanas , Animais , Inseticidas/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Lignanas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Larva
15.
Chem Sci ; 15(11): 3949-3956, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487223

RESUMO

An in-depth understanding of cancer-cell mitosis presents unprecedented advantages for solving metastasis and proliferation of tumors, which has aroused great interest in visualizing the behavior via a luminescence tool. We developed a fluorescent molecule CBTZ-yne based on substituent engineering to acquire befitting lipophilicity and electrophilicity for anchoring lipid droplets and the nucleus, in which the low polarity environment and nucleic acids triggered a "weak-strong" fluorescence and "short-long" fluorescence-lifetime response. Meaningfully, CBTZ-yne visualized chromatin condensation, alignment, pull-push, and separation as well as lipid droplet dynamics, for the first time, precisely unveiling the asynchronous cellular mitosis processes affected by photo-generation reactive oxygen species according to the subtle change of fluorescence-lifetime. Our work suggested a new guideline for tracking the issue of the proliferation of malignant tumors in photodynamic therapy.

16.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27300, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500995

RESUMO

Anti-tumor drug efficacy prediction poses an unprecedented challenge to realizing personalized medicine. This paper proposes to predict personalized anti-tumor drug efficacy based on clinical data. Specifically, we encode the clinical text as numeric vectors featured with hidden topics for patients using Latent Dirichlet Allocation model. Then, to classify patients into two classes, responsive or non-responsive to a drug, drug efficacy predictors are established by machine learning based on the Latent Dirichlet Allocation topic representation. To evaluate the proposed method, we collected and collated clinical records of lung and bowel cancer patients treated with platinum. Experimental results on the data sets show the efficacy and effectiveness of the proposed method, suggesting the potential value of clinical data in cancer precision medicine. We hope that it will promote the research of drug efficacy prediction based on clinical data.

17.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; : 1-8, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant anti-PD-1 therapy has shown encouraging efficacy in patients with deficient DNA mismatch repair (dMMR)/microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC), which suggests its potential as a curative-intent therapy and a promising treatment option for organ preservation. We aimed to investigate the long-term outcomes of patients with dMMR/MSI-H LARC who experienced clinical complete response (cCR) after anti-PD-1 therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with dMMR/MSI-H LARC who achieved cCR and received nonoperative management following neoadjuvant anti-PD-1-based treatment from 4 Chinese medical centers. Patients were followed up for at least 1 year after they achieved cCR, their clinical data were collected, and survival outcomes were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients who achieved cCR and received nonoperative management from March 2018 to May 2022 were included, with a median age of 51.0 years (range, 19.0-77.0 years). The median treatment course to reach cCR was 6.0 (range, 1.0-12.0). Fifteen patients (62.5%) continued their treatments after experiencing cCR, and the median treatment course was 17.0 (range, 3.0-36.0). No local regrowth or distant metastasis was observed in a median follow-up time of 29.1 months (range, 12.6-48.5 months) after cCR. The 3-year disease-free and overall survivals were both 100%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dMMR/MSI-H locally advanced or low-lying rectal cancer who achieved cCR following anti-PD-1-based therapy had promising long-term outcomes. A prospective clinical trial with a larger sample size is required to further validate these findings.

18.
Neurosci Bull ; 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498091

RESUMO

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children, characterized by social interaction, communication difficulties, and repetitive and stereotyped behaviors. Existing intervention methods have limitations, such as requiring long treatment periods and needing to be more convenient to implement. Extended Reality (XR) technology offers a virtual environment to enhance children's social, communication, and self-regulation skills. This paper compares XR theoretical models, application examples, and intervention effects. The study reveals that XR intervention therapy is mainly based on cognitive rehabilitation, teaching, and social-emotional learning theories. It utilizes algorithms, models, artificial intelligence (AI), eye-tracking, and other technologies for interaction, achieving diverse intervention outcomes. Participants showed effective improvement in competency barriers using XR-based multimodal interactive platforms. However, Mixed Reality (MR) technology still requires further development. Future research should explore multimsodal interaction technologies combining XR and AI, optimize models, prioritize the development of MR intervention scenarios, and sustain an optimal intervention level.

19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111836, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479160

RESUMO

The cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF)-derived secretome plays critical roles in tumor progression by remodelling tumor microenvironment. Tumorigenesis is accompanied by the transformation of normal fibroblasts (NF) into CAF, leading to significant changes in their secretome. This work aims to identify the differential components of secretome between NFs and CAFs and reveal their functions in gastric cancer (GC). Firstly, our molecular typing studies and immune infiltration analysis showed that CAF infiltration level was increased and showed a significant association with clinical characteristics and poor prognosis of GC patients. Secondly, RNA-seq analysis revealed that a total of 1531 genes showed significant expression changes between NF and CAF. According to the annotation of the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) database, 147 genes encode secreted proteins, including FGF2. Particularly, the cell co-culture and RNA sequencing studies confirmed that exogenous recombinant FGF2 protein treatment promoted GC cell proliferation by enhancing ribosome biogenesis. The rescue assay showed that CAF-secreted FGF2 protein promotes GC cell growth and proliferation in a FGFR1-dependent manner. Our finding provides evidence that targeting blockade of CAF-derived FGF2 protein might be a promising treatment for GC.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
20.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(3): 229, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509077

RESUMO

Craniofacial malformations, often associated with syndromes, are prevalent birth defects. Emerging evidence underscores the importance of m6A modifications in various bioprocesses such as stem cell differentiation, tissue development, and tumorigenesis. Here, in vivo, experiments with zebrafish models revealed that mettl3-knockdown embryos at 144 h postfertilization exhibited aberrant craniofacial features, including altered mouth opening, jaw dimensions, ethmoid plate, tooth formation and hypoactive behavior. Similarly, low METTL3 expression inhibited the proliferation and migration of BMSCs, HEPM cells, and DPSCs. Loss of METTL3 led to reduced mRNA m6A methylation and PSEN1 expression, impacting craniofacial phenotypes. Co-injection of mettl3 or psen1 mRNA rescued the level of Sox10 fusion protein, promoted voluntary movement, and mitigated abnormal craniofacial phenotypes induced by mettl3 knockdown in zebrafish. Mechanistically, YTHDF1 enhanced the mRNA stability of m6A-modified PSEN1, while decreased METTL3-mediated m6A methylation hindered ß-catenin binding to PSEN1, suppressing Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Pharmacological activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway partially alleviated the phenotypes of mettl3 morphant and reversed the decreases in cell proliferation and migration induced by METTL3 silencing. This study elucidates the pivotal role of METTL3 in craniofacial development via the METTL3/YTHDF1/PSEN1/ß-catenin signaling axis.


Assuntos
Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina , Animais , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Metilação , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Presenilina-1/genética , Presenilina-1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
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