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1.
Food Chem ; 402: 134234, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137388

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of pumping stress (pumping and pumping-resting) and postmortem time (before and after rigor mortis) on phosphorylation profiles of myofibrillar protein (MP) and sarcoplasmic protein (SP) of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fillets. The result showed that MP had higher global phosphorylation levels than SP regardless of stress condition and postmortem time. The pumping process resulted in significant changes in phosphorylation of structural proteins including myosin heavy and light chains. Pumping also affected the phosphorylation status of heat shock proteins and metabolic enzymes involved in the glycolytic pathways, indicating the possible role of phosphorylation in regulating energy hemostasis of fish under stressful conditions. The pumping-induced phosphorylation changes mainly occurred before rigor mortis, and postmortem time affected the phosphorylation status to a less extent. This work contributes to a deeper understanding on protein phosphorylation affected by pre-slaughter stress and postmortem time of fish.


Assuntos
Gadus morhua , Rigor Mortis , Animais , Gadus morhua/genética , Gadus morhua/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Miosinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo
2.
Food Chem ; 401: 134156, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099826

RESUMO

Influences of conventional thermal and innovative non-thermal extraction methods on the physicochemical characteristics and properties of pectic polysaccharides from Choerospondias axillaris peels were investigated. Results showed that ultrasound-assisted extracted polysaccharides (UP) had a heterogeneous nature with lower molecular weight (127.7 kDa) and lower neutral sugar content (35.1%) but higher contents of protein (4.8%) and phenolic compounds (5.1%) than those of polysaccharides extracted by hot water (HP). Additionally, the monosaccharide composition results showed that glucose (77.8%) was the most abundant monosaccharide in HP, while arabinose (67.1%) was the most abundant monosaccharide in UP. The ultrasound significantly induced the degradation of polysaccharide chains but reduced the thermal degradation of phenolics. Finally, we found that UP had higher apparent viscosity, interfacial, emulsifying and antioxidant activity but lower α-glucosidase inhibition activity than those of HP. The results indicated that we could obtain polysaccharides with different functional and biological properties by using different extraction methods.


Assuntos
Anacardiaceae , Pectinas , Pectinas/química , Antioxidantes/química , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Arabinose , Anacardiaceae/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Monossacarídeos , Água/química , Fenóis , Glucose
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130124, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308928

RESUMO

Plasmonic nanoparticles that self-assemble into highly ordered superlattice nanostructures hold substantial promise for facilitating ultra-trace surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection. Herein, we propose a boiling-point evaporation method to synthesize ordered monocrystal-like superlattice Au nanostructures (OML-Au NTs) with a polyhedral morphology. Combined with thermal nanoimprint technology, OML-Au NTs were directly transferred to impact-resistant polystyrene (IPS) flexible SERS substrates, the obtained flexible substrates (donated as OML-Au NTs/IPS) detection limit for R6G molecules as low as 10-13 M. These results were confirmed by simulating the electromagnetic field distribution of ordered/unordered two-dimensional single-layer and three-dimensional aggregated gold nanostructures. The OML-Au NTs/IPS substrates were successfully used to detect and quantify three commonly-used agricultural pesticides, achieving detection limits as low as 10-11 M and 10-12 M, and in situ real-time detection limit reached 0.24 pg/cm2 for thiram on apple peels, which was 3 orders of magnitude lower than the current detection limit. In addition, the Raman intensity from multiple locations showed a relative standard deviation lower than 7 %, exhibiting the reliability necessary for practical applications. As a result, this research demonstrates a highly reproducible method to enable the development of plasmonic nanomaterials with flexible superstructures.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoestruturas , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ouro/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Nanoestruturas/química
4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121800, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067623

RESUMO

Hypoxia induce right ventricular dysfunction in human heart, but the molecular mechanism remains limited. As known, cyclooxygenases (COX) and lipoxygenases (LOX) play a key role in the cardiovascular system under hypoxia. 3,4',5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone (THF), which widely exists in a variety of plants and vegetables, is famous for good ability to relieve cardiac injury, but the mechanism remains to be further understood. In this study, we firstly estimated the preventive role of THF against hypoxia-induced right ventricular dysfunction. Metabolomics analysis showed there were differential metabolites involved in above process, which helped us to screen the crucial regulated enzymes of these metabolites. Molecular docking and multi-spectroscopic revealed the molecular mechanism of interaction between THF and COX/LOX. Results suggested that THF bound to COX/LOX through static quenching and these bindings were driven by hydrogen bonds. After binding with THF, the secondary structure of COX/LOX was changed. In general, this study indicated that THF inhibited COX/LOX by spontaneously forming complexes with them.


Assuntos
Lipoxigenase , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipóxia , Quempferóis , Metabolômica , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt B): 645-657, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343556

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Transition-metal coordination complexes are hopeful to make advanced structural materials, since the metal-coordination bonds, unlike typical covalent bonds, can regenerate after rupture, allowing for dynamic, tunable, and reversible mechanical characteristics. Integration of metal-coordinate crosslinking in foam material has rarely been reported. EXPERIMENTS: We developed the hydrolyzed rice proteins (HRP) as the building block for amphiphilic transition-metal coordination complexes that could be used to make long-lived foams with high yield stress. Surface properties of the foaming solution were determined using equilibrium and dynamic tensiometers. Structural information of aggregates in the foaming solution was detected by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and Cryo-Tem. Visualization of liquid flow in the interfacial liquid film was studied by the reflective optical interference technique. Rheological response of liquid foam was characterized by a rheometer with amplitude-sweep and frequency-sweep modes. FINDINGS: In the presence of transition metal ions, HRP formed a mechanically strong rigid film. In the absence of transition metal ions or the addition of alkyl polyglycoside (APG), HRP was desorbed to produce a mobile film with a detergent state. The two interfacial states could be actively switched based on facile changes in bulk solution composition (metal ions or alkyl glycoside or chelating agent), and the switching between the two states led to the formation of extremely stable foam with high yield stress or the collapse of foam with a significant decrease in yield limit. The transition-metal coordination complexes adsorbed on the surface of the liquid film could increase the elastic modulus of liquid foam by more than an order of magnitude without increasing the viscosity of the foaming solution. We further revealed the origin of foam stability/instability and used other well-characterized proteins to prepare transition-metal coordination complexes to make long-lived foams. The cases described in this work illustrate the universal nature of the strategy, which in principle can be extended to many types of protein.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação , Oryza , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Difração de Raios X , Proteínas , Íons
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 631(Pt A): 56-65, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370497

RESUMO

Hydrogen production by electrocatalytic water splitting is considered to be an effective and environmental method, and the design of an electrocatalyst with high efficiency, low cost, and multifunction is of great importance. Herein, we developed a crystalline NiFe phosphide (NiFeP)/amorphous P-doped FeOOH (P-FeOOH) heterostructure (defined as P-NiFeOxHy) as a high-efficiency multifunctional electrocatalyst for water electrolysis. The NiFeP nanocrystals provide remarkable electronic conductivity and plenty of active sites, the amorphous P-FeOOH improves the adsorption energy of oxygen-containing species, and the crystalline/amorphous heterostructure with superhydrophilic and superaerophobic surface generates synergistic effects, providing plentiful active sites and efficient charge/mass transfer. Benefiting from this, the designed P-NiFeOxHy displays ultralow overpotentials of 159.2 and 20.8 mV to achieve 10 mA cm-2 for oxygen evolution reaction and hydrogen evolution reaction, and also shows the superior performance of urea oxidation reaction with a low voltage of 1.37 V at 10 mA cm-2 in 1 M KOH with 0.33 M urea. In-situ Raman spectra and ex-situ XPS analysis were also used to investigate the catalytic process and reveal the surface structure evolution of P-NiFeOxHy under electrochemical oxidation. Accordingly, the designed P-NiFeOxHy is employed as both cathode and anode to assemble into the urea-assisted water electrolysis device, which can reach 10 mA cm-2 with a low 1.36 V and could be further driven by a solar cell. The work reveals a design of superior activity, cost-effective and multifunctional electrocatalysts for water splitting.

7.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137068, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330983

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic heavy metal in the environment. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of Cd on natural killer (NK) cells. C57BL/6 mice were treated with 10 ppm Cd via drinking water for 3 months, and the development of NK cells in the bone marrow (BM) and the cytotoxicity of mature NK (mNK) cells in the peripheral immune organs were evaluated thereafter; the impact of Cd on the cytotoxicity of mNK cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was also investigated. Whereas Cd treatment impaired the differentiation of NK progenitors in the BM, Cd treatment activated the JAK3/STAT5 signaling to drive the proliferation of mNK cells and thereby lead to a compensation increase of mNK cells in the peripheral immune organs of mice. Additionally, Cd treatment bidirectionally regulated the cytotoxicity of mouse mNK cells to differential tumor cells, dependent on the levels of Fas expression in the tumor cells; mechanically, Cd treatment activated the JAK3/STAT5 signaling to promote the expression of FasL in mNK cells to increase their cytotoxicity, while Cd treatment reduced the expression of granzyme B in mNK cells to impair their cytotoxicity in the peripheral immune organs of mice. Likewise, in vitro assays indicated that Cd treatment also activated the JAK3/STAT5 signaling to increase the expression of FasL, whereas Cd treatment reduced the expression of granzyme B in human mNK cells. Thus Cd treatment impaired the development of NK cells in the BM and bidirectionally regulated the cytotoxicity of mNK cells in the peripheral immune organs, which may extend our current understanding for the immunotoxicity of Cd.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Granzimas/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo
8.
Int Orthop ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Post-operative bleeding after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a frequent cause of post-operative complications. This study compared blood loss and indicators of coagulation and fibrinolysis between TKA patients living at low or high altitudes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 120 patients at our institution who underwent primary TKA from May 2019 to March 2020, and we divided them into those living in areas about 500 m or > 3000 m above sea level. We compared the primary outcome of total blood loss between them. We also compared them in terms of several secondary outcomes: coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters, platelet count, reduction in hemoglobin, hidden blood loss, intra-operative blood loss, transfusion rate, and incidence of thromboembolic events and other complications. RESULTS: Total blood loss was significantly higher in the high-altitude group than in the low-altitude group (mean, 748.2 mL [95% CI, 658.5-837.9] vs 556.6 mL [95% CI, 496.0-617.1]; p = 0.001). The high-altitude group also showed significantly longer activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, and thrombin time before surgery and on post-operative day one, as well as increased levels of fibrinogen/fibrin degradation product on post-operative days one and three. Ecchymosis was significantly more frequent in the high-altitude group (41.7 vs 21.7%; relative risk (RR) = 1.923 [95% CI, 1.091-3.389]; p = 0.019). The two groups showed similar transfusion rates, and none of the patients experienced venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, or infection. CONCLUSION: High altitude may alter coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters in a way that increases risk of blood loss after TKA. Such patients may benefit from special management to avoid bleeding events.

9.
RSC Adv ; 12(41): 26945-26952, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320831

RESUMO

In this work, a luminescent metal-organic framework (Eu-MOF {[Eu6L6(µ3-OH)8(H2O)3]8·H2O} n ) was constructed by a solvothermal method with a linear organic ligand L (10-[(2-amino-4-carboxyl-phenyl)ethynyl]anthracene-9-carboxylic acid) based on anthracene and alkyne groups and using Eu3+ as the metal center. The MOF exhibits a stable UiO-66 crystal structure, and a six-core cluster twelve-linked secondary structural unit was successfully synthesized using 2-fluorobenzoic acid as a modulator, forming a classical fcu topology. Moreover, it exhibits good chemical stability. Interestingly, Eu-MOF exhibited high selectivity and sensitive fluorescence burst properties towards Fe3+ ions and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) in DMF solution. For Fe3+, the K SV value is 5.06 × 105 M-1 and the LOD value is 5.1 × 10-7 M. For TNP, the K SV value is 1.92 × 104 M-1 and the LOD value is 1.93 × 10-6 M. In addition, Eu-MOF showed good anti-interference ability and fast response. This work provides an excellent fluorescent sensor for the detection of Fe3+ and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) residues in contaminants.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330594

RESUMO

With the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, developing cardiovascular supplements is becoming increasingly urgent. The ability of cells to rapidly adhere and proliferate to achieve endothelialization is extremely important for vascular grafts. In this work, we electrospun polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) nanofibrous membranes and used induced crystallization to manufacture poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) shish-kebab microstructures on PTFE nanofibers to overcome the inertness of PTFE, and promote cell adhesion and proliferation. PCL lamella periodically grew on the surface of PTFE nanofibers yielding a hierarchical structure, which improved the biocompatibility and mechanical properties of the PTFE nanofibrous membrane. The deposition of PCL lamella improved the hydrophilicity of electrospun PTFE nanofibers membrane, leading to good cell proliferation and adhesion. Also, due to the surface inertness of the substrate material PTFE, this PTFE/PCL composite film has good anti-platelet adhesion properties. Furthermore, cell proliferation could be regulated by controlling the integrity of the PCL crystal network. The vascular patch showed similar mechanical properties to natural blood vessels, providing a new strategy for vascular tissue engineering.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 39(11): 1243-1246, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a Chinese pedigree with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) but no specimen from the affected probands. METHODS: All affected individuals in this pedigrees were male and had deceased during childhood, with no biological specimen left. Based on their typical neurological dysfunction and tendency for self-mutilation, the diagnosis of LNS was suspected. Sanger sequencing was carried out to detect potential variant of the HPRT1 gene among female members from the pedigree. Following the identification of the pathogenic variant, prenatal diagnosis was provided for a high-risk fetus. RESULTS: The proband's mother and three other females were found to harbor heterozygous c.500_501delGGinsC (p.Arg167fs*23) variant of the HPRT1 gene, which was unreported previously. Prenatal diagnosis showed that the fetus was a male and had inherited the same pathogenic variant. CONCLUSION: The c.500_501delGGinsC variant of the HPRT1 gene probably underlay the LNS in this pedigree. Above finding has provided a basis for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Lesch-Nyhan , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Síndrome de Lesch-Nyhan/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Lesch-Nyhan/genética , Linhagem , Hipoxantina Fosforribosiltransferase/genética , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , China , Mutação
12.
J Nat Prod ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322828

RESUMO

Asthma is a highly prevalent and heterogeneous chronic respiratory disease and is often treated with inhaled corticosteroids or in combination with a ß2-adrenergic receptor (ß2-AR) agonist. However, around 5% of asthma remains uncontrolled, and more effective antiasthmatic drugs with known mechanisms are in high demand. Herein, we immobilized ß2-AR on the polystyrene amino microsphere surface in a one-step fashion. The successful immobilization of ß2-AR was verified by scanning electron microscopy and chromatographic analysis. We screened rosmarinic acid (RA) as the bioactive compound targeting ß2-AR in Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton by mass spectroscopy. The binding constant between RA and ß2-AR was determined to be 2.95 × 104 M-1 by adsorption energy distribution and frontal analysis. The antiasthmatic effect and mechanism of RA were examined on a murine model of allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) and aluminum hydroxide. The results showed that RA significantly reduced lung inflammatory cell numbers, the production of Th2 cytokines, and the secretion of total IgE, OVA-specific IgE, and eotaxin. The decreased inflammatory cell infiltration and mucus hypersecretion were associated with the inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway. Moreover, the mRNA expression levels of AMCase, CCL11, CCR3, Ym2, and E-selectin in the lung tissues were effectively reduced. It is the first time that RA was proven to target ß2-AR and be effective in counteracting allergic airway inflammation via the NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, the immobilized ß2-AR preserves the potential in screening antiasthmatic compounds from herbal medicine, and RA can be developed as an effective agent for the treatment of allergic asthma.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323428

RESUMO

Adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) is a technique for the selection of strains with better phenotypes by long-term culture under a specific selection pressure or growth environment. Because ALE does not require detailed knowledge of a variety of complex and interactive metabolic networks, and only needs to simulate natural environmental conditions in the laboratory to design a selection pressure, it has the advantages of broad adaptability, strong practicability and more convenient transformation of strains. In addition, ALE provides a powerful method for studying the evolutionary forces that change the phenotype, performance and stability of strains, resulting in more productive industrial strains with beneficial mutations. In recent years, ALE has been widely used in the activation of specific microbial metabolic pathways and phenotypic optimization, the efficient utilization of specific substrates, the optimization of tolerance to toxic substance, and the biosynthesis of target products, which is more conducive to the production of industrial strains with excellent phenotypic characteristics. In this paper, typical examples of ALE applications in the development of industrial strains and the research progress of this technology are reviewed, followed by a discussion of its development prospects.

14.
Hepatol Int ; 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass and function, is closely associated and frequently concomitant with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to investigate the clinical features of the sarcopenic NAFLD patients from middle-aged and older people. METHODS: A total of 1305 patients with NAFLD from the Shanghai Changfeng Study were included for analysis. Sarcopenia was diagnosed based on the height-adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM/height2). We comprehensively analyzed the metabolic phenotype, carotid artery condition, liver fibrosis score, and serum metabolomic profile of each participant. RESULTS: Among the middle-aged and older population, 68.1% of patients with sarcopenia and NAFLD were lean. Sarcopenia was independently associated with increased risk of carotid plaque (OR, 2.22; 95%CI 1.23-4.02) and liver fibrosis (OR, 2.07; 95%CI 1.24-3.44), and the sarcopenic lean NAFLD patients were characterized by a higher risk of carotid plaque (p = 0.008) and liver fibrosis (p = 0.001) than the non-sarcopenic lean NAFLD patients, despite their lower BMI and similar prevalence of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Further serum metabolomic examination indicated that the sarcopenic lean NAFLD patients presented a distinct metabolomic profile prone to carotid plaque and liver fibrosis, with upregulated serum valine, N-acetylneuraminyl-glycoproteins, lactic acid, small LDL triglycerides and VLDL5 components, and reduced components of HDL4. A sarcopenic characterization score based on above metabolites was established and could also predict increased risk of carotid plaque and liver fibrosis. CONCLUSION: The presence of sarcopenia identifies a special subgroup of lean NAFLD with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and liver fibrosis clinically.

15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1235: 340536, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368824

RESUMO

In this work, a dual-signal visual biosensor was designed for organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) detection using DNA functionalized Ag/Au bimetallic nanoparticles (Ag/Au NPs) as multifunctional nanoprobe. The dual-signal detection strategy was based on the inhibition of enzyme-induced H2O2 generation by OPs in the detection solution containing acetylcholinesterase (AChE), choline oxidase (CHO), acetylcholine (ACh) and nanoprobe. H2O2 produced by enzyme-catalyzed reaction could trigger the etching of Ag and dissociation of carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-labeled aptamer from the nanoprobe, resulting in significant localized surface plasmon resonance (LPRR) and fluorescence (FL) signal responses. In the presence of OPs, AChE activity was inhibited to disrupt the enzymatic generation of H2O2, which allowed to simultaneous quantitative measure OPs through the LSPR peak shifts and FL intensity variations of the nanoprobe. The LSPR/FL dual-signal biosensor showed great selectivity and sensitivity for OPs detection. In addition, two distinct colour changes were visually observed to match the LSPR/FL spectra signal responses, which was a feasible means for visual analysis of OPs. Consequently, the work provided a dual-signal visual biosensor via the combination of multifunctional nanoprobe, and had significant potential to monitor pesticide residue with high anti-interference capability and detection accuracy.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Praguicidas , Praguicidas/análise , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
16.
Phytochem Anal ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376257

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The main chemical components of Angelica dahurica (Hoffm.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. & Sav. are coumarins and volatile oils, and coumarins are regarded as the representative constituents with various pharmacological effects. OBJECTIVE: Based on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-TOF-MSI), a method for spatial distribution analysis of coumarins in primary root and lateral root of A. dahurica was established. Also, spatial visualization of coumarins in the roots of A. dahurica was realized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: α-Cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA), 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, and 9-aminoacridine were used as matrices. MALDI-TOF-MSI was employed to analyze the standards of imperatorin, oxypeucedanin, and osthole. Based on the higher sensitivity and repeatability of MALDI-TOF-MSI, the CHCA matrix was selected. The matrix was used for MALDI-TOF-MSI in positive mode to analyze the distribution of coumarins in primary root and lateral root of A. dahurica. RESULTS: In total, 37 coumarins were detected in primary root and 36 coumarins were detected in lateral root by MALDI-TOF-MSI. The results showed that the coumarin content in primary root was higher than that in lateral root. Coumarins in primary root of A. dahurica were concentrated in the periderm, cortex, and phloem, whereas coumarins in lateral roots were concentrated in the phloem. CONCLUSION: The coumarins in primary root and lateral root of A. dahurica were directly analyzed without extraction and isolation, and the spatial distribution of coumarins was comprehensively visualized for the first time by MALDI-TOF-MSI, which provided a basis for distinguishing primary root and lateral root.

17.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363948

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel metasurface-based monopulse antenna. A multimode pyramidal horn with four ports is selected as the feed of the proposed monopulse antenna. The 3-dB couplers and the optimized waveguide phase shifters are employed to design the monopulse comparator. In order to obtain good sum and difference beams performance, metasurfaces are mounted on a bowl structure to radiate the electromagnetic wave from the sub-reflector. An experimental prototype of the proposed design has been fabricated and measured at Ku-band. The measured results show that the gain ratio between the sum and difference beams is 2.8 dB and 3.7 dB, respectively. More importantly, the peak gain of the sum beam at 16 GHz is 27.1 dB, without considering the loss of the comparator, with a corresponding aperture efficiency of about 41.4%. This indicates that the proposed structure is beneficial for improving the sum and difference beams performance of the monopulse antenna, which is suitable for tracking platforms.

18.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(11)2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365100

RESUMO

Radiation-induced brain injury (RBI) is a common neurological disease caused by ionizing radiation (IR). Edaravone (EDA) is a free radical scavenger, has the potential to treat RBI. EDA loaded temperature-sensitive gels (TSGs) were prepared for subcutaneous injection to improve inconvenient administration of intravenous infusion. RBI mice model was established by irradiation of 60Co γ-ray on head. EDA TSGs could improve spontaneous behavior, learning and memory and anxiety of RBI mice by behavior tests, including the open field test, the novel object recognition test, the elevated plus maze test and the fear conditioning test. The therapeutic effects were enhanced with the assistance of ultrasound. Alleviative pathological changes, decreased the expression of Molondialdehyde (MDA) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the hippocampus of brain, indicated reduced oxidative stress and inflammatory response with the treatment of EDA TSGs and ultrasound. Moreover, ultrasound was superior to the use of EDA TSGs. Safe and effective EDA TSGs were prepared for RBI, and the feasibility of brain-targeted drug delivery enhanced by ultrasound was preliminarily demonstrated in this study.

19.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356710

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and portal vein stenting (PVS) in patients with noncirrhotic cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, clinical data from patients with noncirrhotic CTPV who underwent TIPS creation or PVS were compared. A total of 54 patients (mean age 43.8 ± 15.8 years, 31 men and 23 women) were included from January 2013 to January 2021; 29 patients underwent TIPS, and 25 patients underwent PVS. Stent occlusion, variceal rebleeding, survival, and post-procedure complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 40.2±26.2 months in the TIPS group and 35.3±21.1 months in the PVS group. Stent occlusion rate in the PVS group (16%, 4 of 25) was significantly lower than that in the TIPS group (41.4%, 12 of 29) during follow-up (P =.042). The cumulative variceal rebleeding rates in the TIPS group were significantly higher than those in the PVS group (27.6% vs. 4%; P =.027). The procedural success rate was 69% in the TIPS group and 86.2% in the PVS group (P =.156). There was a higher number of severe complications after TIPS than after PVS (0% vs. 24.1%; P =.012). CONCLUSIONS: PVS might be an alternative procedure in the treatment of noncirrhotic CTPV because of its higher stent patency rates, a lower risk of variceal rebleeding and fewer complications than those of TIPS.

20.
J Med Econ ; : 1-41, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384429

RESUMO

AIM: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), responsive neurostimulation (RNS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS) all are options for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). However, little is known about how choice of neurostimulation impacts subsequent healthcare costs. MATERIALS & METHODS: We used a large healthcare claims database to identify all patients with epilepsy who underwent neurostimulation between 2012 and 2019. Eligible patients were identified and stratified based on procedure received (VNS vs. RNS/DBS). VNS patients were matched by propensity scoring to RNS/DBS patients. Use and cost of healthcare resources and pharmacotherapy were ascertained over the 24-month period following neurostimulation, incorporating all-cause and epilepsy-related measures. Disease-related care was defined based on diagnoses of claims for medical care and relevant pharmacotherapies. RESULTS: Eight hundred and eight patients met all selection criteria. VNS patients were younger, were prescribed a higher pre-index mean number of anti-seizure medications (ASMs), and had higher pre-index levels of use and cost of epilepsy-related healthcare services. We propensity matched 160 VNS patients to an equal number of RNS/DBS patients. One year following index date, mean total all-cause healthcare costs were 49% lower among VNS patients than RNS/DBS patients, and mean epilepsy-related costs 53% lower; corresponding decreases at the two-year mark were 40%, and 46%, respectively. LIMITATIONS: Some clinical variables such as seizure frequency and severity, quality of life, and functional status were unavailable in the database, precluding our ability to comprehensively assess differences between devices. Administrative claims data are subject to billing code errors, inaccuracies, and missing data, resulting in possible misclassification and/or unmeasured confounding. CONCLUSIONS: After matching, VNS was associated with significantly lower all-cause and epilepsy-related costs for the two-year period post procedure. All-cause and epilepsy-related costs remained statistically significantly lower for VNS even after costs of implantation were excluded.


For some people with epilepsy, medications do not work very well. For these people, other treatment options exist. One such treatment is neurostimulation. There are three types of neurostimulators­vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), responsive neurostimulation (RNS), and deep brain stimulation (DBS). All three devices are known to reduce seizures in patients who have tried several medications. However, it is not known how these devices impact costs of care. We compared use and costs of medical care over 2 years between patients who got VNS and those who got RNS/DBS. Before comparing the groups, we made sure that they were balanced. Patients who got VNS were less likely than patients who got RNS/DBS to go to the hospital during the follow-up period. Patients who got VNS also had lower healthcare costs than patients who got RNS/DBS during follow-up. These differences were seen for all medical care costs. These differences also were seen for costs of care for epilepsy. Our results suggest that use of VNS is associated with fewer hospitalizations than RNS/DBS, and also that use of VNS is associated with lower healthcare costs than RNS/DBS.

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