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1.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302100, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is a major auto-antigen of primary membranous nephropathy(PMN). Anti-PLA2R antibody levels are closely associated with disease severity and therapeutic effectiveness. Analysis of PLA2R antigen epitope reactivity may have a greater predictive value for remission compared with total PLA2R-antibody level. This study aims to elucidate the relationship between domain-specific antibody levels and clinical outcomes of PMN. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 87 patients with PLA2R-associated PMN. Among them, 40 and 47 were treated with rituximab (RTX) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) regimen, respectively. The quantitative detection of -immunoglobulin G (IgG)/-IgG4 targeting PLA2R and its epitope levels in the serum of patients with PMN were obtained through time-resolved fluorescence immunoassays and served as biomarkers in evaluating the treatment effectiveness. A predictive PMN remission possibility nomogram was developed using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Discrimination in the prediction model was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC).Bootstrap ROC was used to evaluate the performance of the prediction model. RESULTS: After a 6-month treatment period, the remission rates of proteinuria, including complete remission and partial remission in the RTX and CTX groups, were 70% and 70.21% (P = 0.983), respectively. However, there was a significant difference in immunological remission in the PLA2R-IgG4 between the RTX and CTX groups (21.43% vs. 61.90%, P = 0.019). Furthermore, we found differences in PLA2R-CysR-IgG4(P = 0.030), PLA2R-CTLD1-IgG4(P = 0.005), PLA2R-CTLD678-IgG4(P = 0.003), and epitope spreading (P = 0.023) between responders and non-responders in the CTX group. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that higher levels of urinary protein (odds ratio [OR], 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26-0.95; P = 0.035) and higher levels of PLA2R-CTLD1-IgG4 (OR, 0.79; 95%CI,0.62-0.99; P = 0.041) were independent risk factors for early remission. A multivariate model for estimating the possibility of early remission in patients with PMN is presented as a nomogram. The AUC-ROC of our model was 0.721 (95%CI, 0.601-0.840), in consistency with the results obtained with internal validation, for which the AUC-ROC was 0.711 (95%CI, 0.587-0.824), thus, demonstrating robustness. CONCLUSIONS: Cyclophosphamide can induce immunological remission earlier than rituximab at the span of 6 months. The PLA2R-CTLD1-IgG4 has a better predict value than total PLA2R-IgG for remission of proteinuria at the 6th month.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa , Receptores da Fosfolipase A2 , Indução de Remissão , Rituximab , Humanos , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/tratamento farmacológico , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/imunologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/sangue , Receptores da Fosfolipase A2/imunologia , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Adulto , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Curva ROC , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Dent Educ ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The integration of curriculum is an important approach for enhancing medical education and facilitating interdisciplinary connections among students. This study aimed to develop a new morphological integrated teaching mode for undergraduate stomatology education by combining stomatological pathology and radiology courses with instructional media. METHODS: In total, 63 undergraduates were included in this study and divided into three groups: traditional (Group T; the control group) and two experimental groups: KoPa WiFi EDU (Group K), and KoPa WiFi EDU-cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) (Group K-C). All participants attended a 2-h lecture on periapical cysts and completed the first theoretical test. Subsequently, they underwent a 4-h experimental training session on the pathology and radiology of periapical cysts using different teaching methods. Following the training, participants completed the second theoretical test and underwent the first image-reading skill evaluation. After a 3-month period, participants completed the third theoretical test and underwent the second image-reading skill evaluation. The effectiveness of the teaching methods was assessed by analyzing the differences in theoretical test and experimental skill evaluation scores. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the first theoretical outcomes among three groups (p > 0.05). However, the second theoretical scores, the first objective evaluation scores, and the first subjective evaluation scores were significantly higher in the integrated teaching mode (3D teaching mode with the KoPa WiFi EDU and CBCT: 89.29 ± 4.55, 81.00 ± 8.15, and 61.57 ± 5.52, respectively; 2D teaching mode with the KoPa WiFi EDU system: 80.43 ± 3.41, 73.00 ± 8.01, and 55.67 ± 5.66, respectively) than in the traditional teaching mode (72.57 ± 3.84, 69.38 ± 4.91, and 48.67 ± 5.54, respectively) (p < 0.05). Moreover, the long-term teaching effect of the integrated mode was better than that of the traditional mode (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The morphology-based integrated teaching mode combining pathology and radiology aroused student enthusiasm for learning, and resulted in enhanced learning outcomes in dental experimental education.

3.
Phytomedicine ; 129: 155654, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wenqingyin (WQY), an ancient Chinese medicinal agent, has been extensively used in treating infectious ailments throughout history. However, the anti-sepsis mechanism remains unknown. PURPOSE: This study investigated the diverse mechanisms of WQY in mitigating sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Additionally, the effects of WQY were validated using biological experiments. METHODS: This study combined UHPLC-Orbitrap-HRMS analysis and network pharmacology to predict the potential anti-sepsis mechanism of WQY. Sepsis-induced ALI models were established in vivo via intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration and in vitro by LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Various techniques, including hematoxylin-eosin staining, TUNEL, qPCR, and ELISA, were used to assess lung damage and quantify inflammatory cytokines. Inflammatory cell infiltration was visualized through immunohistochemistry. Hub targets and signaling pathways were identified using Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Seventy-five active components and 237 associated targets were acquired, with 145 of these targets overlapping with processes related to sepsis. Based on the comprehensive protein-protein interaction network analysis, JUN, AKT1, TP53, IL-6, HSP90AA1, CASP3, VEGFA, IL-1ß, RELA, and EGFR may be targets of WQY for sepsis. Analysis of the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia revealed that WQY is implicated in the advanced glycation end products/receptor for advanced glycation end products (AGE/RAGE) signaling pathway. In vivo, WQY alleviated sepsis-induced ALI, suppressing proinflammatory cytokines and inhibiting macrophage/neutrophil infiltration. In vitro, WQY reduced TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, we verified that WQY protected against sepsis-induced ALI by regulating the RAGE pathway for the first time. Baicalin, coptisine, and paeoniflorin may be the effective components of WQY that inhibit RAGE. CONCLUSION: The primary mechanism of WQY in combating sepsis-induced ALI involves controlling RAGE levels and the PI3K/AKT pathway, suppressing inflammation, and mitigating lung damage. This study establishes a scientific foundation for understanding the mechanism of WQY and its clinical use in treating sepsis.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular tumorous thrombosis is a crucial pathological feature of malignant tumors that is closely associated with lymph node metastasis and is considered a form of tumor micrometastasis. Two downregulated genes, catenin alpha 3 (CTNNA3) and FERM and PDZ domain-containing 4 (FRMPD4), were selected by analyzing the differential expression of vascular tumorous thrombus in colon adenocarcinoma and paracancerous tissues. Further investigation revealed their potential role in the development of vascular tumorous thrombosis in colon adenocarcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Candidate genes for vascular tumorous thrombosis in colon adenocarcinoma were screened using GSE127069, and pan-cancer verification and immune infiltration analysis were performed. The relationship between gene expression and vascular tumorous thrombosis was analyzed based on the level of gene mutations using cBioPortal. Finally, the collected clinical samples were used to verify expression. RESULTS: CTNNA3 and FRMPD4 were expressed at low levels in the vascular tumorous thrombosis of colon adenocarcinoma and positively correlated with microsatellite instability. They are also closely related to the immune microenvironment and the infiltration of immune cell subtypes. Based on gene mutation analysis, gene deletion is suggested to be related to vascular invasion indicators. Finally, protein and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression of CTNNA3 and FRMPD4 were downregulated in the vascular tumorous thrombosis samples of colon adenocarcinoma compared to normal glands from paracancerous tissues. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that CTNNA3 and FRMPD4 could be promising biomarkers for vascular tumorous thrombosis in colon adenocarcinoma, potentially enabling the identification of micrometastases in this type of cancer. These findings suggest a novel strategy for the detection and management of colon adenocarcinomas.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753624

RESUMO

The efficacy of photodynamic therapy is hindered by the hypoxic environment in tumors and limited light penetration depth. The singlet oxygen battery (SOB) has emerged as a promising solution, enabling oxygen- and light-independent 1O2 release. However, conventional SOB systems typically exhibit an "always-ON" 1O2 release, leading to potential 1O2 leakage before and after treatment. This not only compromises therapeutic outcomes but also raises substantial biosafety concerns. In this work, we introduce a programmable singlet oxygen battery, engineered to address all the issues discussed above. The concept is illustrated through the development of a tumor-microenvironment-responsive pyridone-pyridine switch, PyAce, which exists in two tautomeric forms: PyAce-0 (pyridine) and PyAce (pyridone) with different 1O2 storage half-lives. In its native state, PyAce remains in the pyridone form, capable of storing 1O2 (t1/2 = 18.5 h). Upon reaching the tumor microenvironment, PyAce is switched to the pyridine form, facilitating rapid and thorough 1O2 release (t1/2 = 16 min), followed by quenched 1O2 release post-therapy. This mechanism ensures suppressed 1O2 production pre- and post-therapy with selective and rapid 1O2 release at the tumor site, maximizing therapeutic efficacy while minimizing side effects. The achieved "OFF-ON-OFF" 1O2 therapy showed high spatiotemporal selectivity and was independent of the oxygen supply and light illumination.

6.
Biomaterials ; 309: 122609, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754290

RESUMO

The challenge of drug resistance in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is intricately linked with lipid metabolism reprogramming. The hepatic lipase (HL) and the membrane receptor CD36 are overexpressed in BGJ398-resistant ICC cells, while they are essential for lipid uptake, further enhancing lipid utilization in ICC. Herein, a metal-organic framework-based drug delivery system (OB@D-pMOF/CaP-AC, DDS), has been developed. The specifically designed DDS exhibits a successive targeting property, enabling it to precisely target ICC cells and their mitochondria. By specifically targeting the mitochondria, DDS produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) through its sonodynamic therapy effect, achieving a more potent reduction in ATP levels compared to non-targeted approaches, through the impairment of mitochondrial function. Additionally, the DDS strategically minimizes lipid uptake through the incorporation of the anti-HL drug, Orlistat, and anti-CD36 monoclonal antibody, reducing lipid-derived energy production. This dual-action strategy on both mitochondria and lipids can hinder energy utilization to restore drug sensitivity to BGJ398 in ICC. Moreover, an orthotopic mice model of drug-resistant ICC was developed, which serves as an exacting platform for evaluating the multifunction of designed DDS. Upon in vivo experiments with this model, the DDS demonstrated exceptional capabilities in suppressing tumor growth, reprogramming lipid metabolism and improving immune response, thereby overcoming drug resistance. These findings underscore the mitochondria-targeted DDS as a promising and innovative solution in ICC drug resistance.

7.
Clin Nutr ; 43(6): 1544-1550, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754306

RESUMO

Few prospective studies have investigated the joint effect of lifestyle factors and genetic susceptibility on the risk of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study aims to evaluate the associations of lifestyle and genetic factors with incident IBS in the UK Biobank. We analyzed data from 481,057 participants (54% female) without prevalent IBS at enrollment in the UK Biobank. An overall healthy lifestyle was defined using six modifiable lifestyle factors, including smoking, body mass index (BMI), sleep duration, diet, physical activity, and alcohol consumption, and hence categorized into 'favorable', 'intermediate', and 'unfavorable' lifestyles. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to investigate the association between a healthy lifestyle and incident IBS. Furthermore, we constructed a polygenic risk score (PRS) for IBS and assessed whether lifestyle modified the effect of genetics on the development of IBS. During a median follow-up of 12.1 years, 8645 incident IBS were ascertained. Specifically, among the six modifiable lifestyle factors, adequate sleep demonstrates the greatest protective effect (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.69,0.75) against IBS. Compared with a favorable lifestyle, an unfavorable lifestyle was associated with a 56% (95% CI: 46%-67%) increased risk of IBS (P = 8.99 × 10-40). The risk of incident IBS was 12% (95% CI: 4%-21%) higher among those at high genetic risk compared with those at low genetic risk (P = 0.005). When considering the joint effect of lifestyle and genetic susceptibility, the HR nearly doubled among individuals with high genetic risk and unfavorable lifestyle (HR: 1.80; 95% CI:1.51-2.15; P = 3.50 × 10-11) compared to those with low genetic risk and favorable lifestyle. No multiplicative or addictive interaction was observed between lifestyle and genetics. The findings from this study indicated that lifestyle and genetic factors were independently associated with the risk of incident IBS. All these results implicated a possible clinical strategy of lowering the incidence of IBS by advocating a healthy lifestyle.

8.
J Rheumatol ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although previous studies have explored the association of drinking with gout risk, the dose-response relationship was uncertain and the evidence between subtypes of alcoholic beverages and gout risk was limited. METHODS: The weekly alcoholic beverage consumption in the United Kingdom Biobank (UKB) was collected and calculated. The Cox regression model was applied to assess the impact of alcohol drinking and its subtypes on gout risk by calculating the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Besides, the restricted cubic splines were used to estimate the dose-response relationship between alcoholic drinking and gout risk. To evaluate the robustness, we performed subgroup analysis across various demographic characteristics. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 11.70 years, a total of 5,728 newly incident gout cases were diagnosed among 331,865 participants. We found that light alcohol drinking was linked to a slight decrease in gout incidence among females (HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.65 to 0.94, P=0.01), whereas it showed no significant association in males. Moreover, the dose-response relationship showed that light red wine and fortified wine could reduce the gout risk, while beer, champagne plus white wine and spirits promoted the gout risk at any dose. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested a J-shaped dose-response relationship of drinking with gout risk in females rather than males. For specific alcoholic beverages, light consumption of red wine and fortified wine was associated with reduced gout risk. These findings offer new insights into the roles of alcoholic beverages in gout, while further validation is warranted.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Triglyceride-Glucose Index (TyG) has been proposed as a predictor to mortality, yet its association remains incompletely understood for individuals with or without chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey spanning the years 1999-2018. CKD was defined as eGFR level <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or urinary albumin creatinine ratio ≥30 mg/g. We employed the Cox proportional-hazards model to evaluate the incident risk of mortality associated with TyG among both non-CKD and CKD individuals. In the current analysis, 19,426 individuals were without CKD, while 2975 individuals had CKD. The overall mean TyG was 8.65, with significant difference between non-CKD and CKD individuals (8.60 vs 8.95, P < 0.001). The TyG index exhibited linear associations with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and all-cause mortality among non-CKD and CKD individuals, respectively. A per-unit increase in the TyG index was significantly associated with CVD mortality for both non-CKD (HR = 1.24, 95%CI = 1.09-1.41) and CKD participants (HR = 1.19, 95%CI = 1.04-1.36), with no significant difference in the associations between the two groups (P = 0.091). For both non-CKD and CKD participants, TyG index was significantly associated with CVD mortality and all-cause mortality among those with age <65, but not for those with age ≥65. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings underscore the TyG index's as a valuable predictive tool for assessing the risk of all-cause and CVD mortality in both individuals with and without CKD.

11.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(5): 332, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740744

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OV) poses a significant challenge in clinical settings due to its difficulty in early diagnosis and treatment resistance. FOXP4, belonging to the FOXP subfamily, plays a pivotal role in various biological processes including cancer, cell cycle regulation, and embryonic development. However, the specific role and importance of FOXP4 in OV have remained unclear. Our research showed that FOXP4 is highly expressed in OV tissues, with its elevated levels correlating with poor prognosis. We further explored FOXP4's function through RNA sequencing and functional analysis in FOXP4-deficient cells, revealing its critical role in activating the Wnt signaling pathway. This activation exacerbates the malignant phenotype in OV. Mechanistically, FOXP4 directly induces the expression of protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7), a Wnt-binding receptor tyrosine pseudokinase, which causes abnormal activation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Disrupting the FOXP4-Wnt feedback loop by inactivating the Wnt signaling pathway or reducing FOXP4 expression resulted in the reduction of the malignant phenotype of OV cells, while restoring PTK7 expression reversed this effect. In conclusion, our findings underscore the significance of the FOXP4-induced Wnt pathway activation in OV, suggesting the therapeutic potential of targeting this pathway in OV treatment.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Animais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proliferação de Células
12.
Genome Biol ; 25(1): 122, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pluripotent states of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) with distinct transcriptional profiles affect ESC differentiative capacity and therapeutic potential. Although single-cell RNA sequencing has revealed additional subpopulations and specific features of naive and primed human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), the underlying mechanisms that regulate their specific transcription and that control their pluripotent states remain elusive. RESULTS: By single-cell analysis of high-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) genomic structure, we herein demonstrate that remodeling of genomic structure is highly associated with the pluripotent states of human ESCs (hESCs). The naive pluripotent state is featured with specialized 3D genomic structures and clear chromatin compartmentalization that is distinct from the primed state. The naive pluripotent state is achieved by remodeling the active euchromatin compartment and reducing chromatin interactions at the nuclear center. This unique genomic organization is linked to enhanced chromatin accessibility on enhancers and elevated expression levels of naive pluripotent genes localized to this region. In contradistinction, the primed state exhibits intermingled genomic organization. Moreover, active euchromatin and primed pluripotent genes are distributed at the nuclear periphery, while repressive heterochromatin is densely concentrated at the nuclear center, reducing chromatin accessibility and the transcription of naive genes. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide insights into the chromatin structure of ESCs in their naive and primed states, and we identify specific patterns of modifications in transcription and chromatin structure that might explain the genes that are differentially expressed between naive and primed hESCs. Thus, the inversion or relocation of heterochromatin to euchromatin via compartmentalization is related to the regulation of chromatin accessibility, thereby defining pluripotent states and cellular identity.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes , Análise de Célula Única , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Genoma Humano , Eucromatina/genética , Eucromatina/metabolismo , Cromatina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/citologia , Heterocromatina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina
13.
J Org Chem ; 89(10): 7286-7294, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696309

RESUMO

Here we report a carbene-catalyzed enantio- and diastereoselective [4+2] cycloaddition reaction of cyclobutenones with isatins for the quick and efficient synthesis of spirocyclic δ-lactones bearing a chiral chlorine. A broad range of substrates with various substitution patterns proceed smoothly in this reaction, with the spirooxindole δ-lactone products afforded in generally good to excellent yields and optical purities under mild reaction conditions.

14.
Bioinformatics ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715444

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Exploring potential associations between diseases can help in understanding pathological mechanisms of diseases and facilitating the discovery of candidate biomarkers and drug targets, thereby promoting disease diagnosis and treatment. Some computational methods have been proposed for measuring disease similarity. However, these methods describe diseases without considering their latent multi-molecule regulation and valuable supervision signal, resulting in limited biological interpretability and efficiency to capture association patterns. RESULTS: In this study, we propose a new computational method named DiSMVC. Different from existing predictors, DiSMVC designs a supervised graph collaborative framework to measure disease similarity. Multiple bio-entity associations related to genes and miRNAs are integrated via cross-view graph contrastive learning to extract informative disease representation, and then association pattern joint learning is implemented to compute disease similarity by incorporating phenotype-annotated disease associations. The experimental results show that DiSMVC can draw discriminative characteristics for disease pairs, and outperform other state-of-the-art methods. As a result, DiSMVC is a promising method for predicting disease associations with molecular interpretability. AVAILABILITY: Datasets and source codes are available at https://github.com/Biohang/DiSMVC. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

15.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30523, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726205

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly, the exact pathogenesis of which remains incompletely understood, and effective preventive and therapeutic drugs are currently lacking. Cholesterol plays a vital role in cell membrane formation and neurotransmitter synthesis, and its abnormal metabolism is associated with the onset of AD. With the continuous advancement of imaging techniques and molecular biology methods, researchers can more accurately explore the relationship between cholesterol metabolism and AD. Elevated cholesterol levels may lead to vascular dysfunction, thereby affecting neuronal function. Additionally, abnormal cholesterol metabolism may affect the metabolism of ß-amyloid protein, thereby promoting the onset of AD. Brain cholesterol levels are regulated by multiple factors. This review aims to deepen the understanding of the subtle relationship between cholesterol homeostasis and AD, and to introduce the latest advances in cholesterol-regulating AD treatment strategies, thereby inspiring readers to contemplate deeply on this complex relationship. Although there are still many unresolved important issues regarding the risk of brain cholesterol and AD, and some studies may have opposite conclusions, further research is needed to enrich our understanding. However, these findings are expected to deepen our understanding of the pathogenesis of AD and provide important insights for the future development of AD treatment strategies targeting brain cholesterol homeostasis.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728105

RESUMO

The transformation of carbon dioxide (CO2) into functional materials has garnered considerable worldwide interest. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), as a distinctive class of materials, have made great contributions to CO2 capture and conversion. However, facile conversion of CO2 to stable porous MOFs for CO2 utilization remains unexplored. Herein, we present a facile methodology of using CO2 to synthesize stable zirconium-based MOFs. Two zirconium-based MOFs CO2-Zr-DEP and CO2-Zr-DEDP with face-centered cubic topology were obtained via a sequential desilylation-carboxylation-coordination reaction. The MOFs exhibit excellent crystallinity, as verified through powder X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy analyses. They also have notable porosity with high surface area (SBET up to 3688 m2 g-1) and good CO2 adsorption capacity (up to 12.5 wt %). The resulting MOFs have abundant alkyne functional moieties, confirmed through 13C cross-polarization/magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectra. Leveraging the catalytic prowess of Ag(I) in diverse CO2-involved reactions, we incorporated Ag(I) into zirconium-based MOFs, capitalizing on their interactions with carbon-carbon π-bonds of alkynes, thereby forming a heterogeneous catalyst. This catalyst demonstrates outstanding efficiency in catalyzing the conversion of CO2 and propargylic alcohols into cyclic carbonates, achieving >99% yield at room temperature and atmospheric pressure conditions. Thus, this work provides a dual CO2 utilization strategy, encompassing the synthesis of CO2-based MOFs (20-24 wt % from CO2) and their subsequent application in CO2 capture and conversion processes. This approach significantly enhances overall CO2 utilization.

17.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3668, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693122

RESUMO

Mechanoluminescence, featuring light emission triggered by mechanical stimuli, holds immense promise for diverse applications. However, most organic Mechanoluminescence materials suffer from short-lived luminescence, limiting their practical applications. Herein, we report isostructural doping as a valuable strategy to address this challenge. By strategically modifying the host matrices with specific functional groups and simultaneously engineering guest molecules with structurally analogous features for isostructural doping, we have successfully achieved diverse multicolor and high-efficiency persistent mechanoluminescence materials with ultralong lifetimes. The underlying persistent mechanoluminescence mechanism and the universality of the isostructural doping strategy are also clearly elucidated and verified. Moreover, stress sensing devices are fabricated to show their promising prospects in high-resolution optical storage, pressure-sensitive displays, and stress monitoring. This work may facilitate the development of highly efficient organic persistent mechanoluminescence materials, expanding the horizons of next-generation smart luminescent technologies.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1348280, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698813

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases pose a serious threat to human health. The onset of cardiovascular diseases involves the comprehensive effects of multiple genes and environmental factors, and multiple signaling pathways are involved in regulating the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases. The Hippo pathway is a highly conserved signaling pathway involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. Recently, it has been widely studied in the fields of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and cell regeneration. Non-coding RNA (ncRNAs), which are important small molecules for the regulation of gene expression in cells, can directly target genes and have diverse regulatory functions. Recent studies have found that ncRNAs interact with Hippo pathway components to regulate myocardial fibrosis, cardiomyocyte proliferation, apoptosis, and hypertrophy and play an important role in cardiovascular disease. In this review, we describe the mode of action of ncRNAs in regulating the Hippo pathway, provide new ideas for further research, and identify molecules involved in the mechanism of action of ncRNAs and the Hippo pathway as potential therapeutic targets, with the aim of finding new modes of action for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

19.
Mater Today Bio ; 26: 101064, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698883

RESUMO

Autologous nerve transplantation (ANT) is currently considered the gold standard for treating long-distance peripheral nerve defects. However, several challenges associated with ANT, such as limited availability of donors, donor site injury, mismatched nerve diameters, and local neuroma formation, remain unresolved. To address these issues comprehensively, we have developed porous poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) electrospinning fiber nerve guide conduits (NGCs) that are optimized in terms of alignment and conductive coating to facilitate peripheral nerve regeneration (PNR) under electrical stimulation (ES). The physicochemical and biological properties of aligned porous PLGA fibers and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sodium sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) coatings were characterized through assessments of electrical conductivity, surface morphology, mechanical properties, hydrophilicity, and cell proliferation. Material degradation experiments demonstrated the biocompatibility in vivo of electrospinning fiber films with conductive coatings. The conductive NGCs combined with ES effectively facilitated nerve regeneration. The designed porous aligned NGCs with conductive coatings exhibited suitable physicochemical properties and excellent biocompatibility, thereby significantly enhancing PNR when combined with ES. This combination of porous aligned NGCs with conductive coatings and ES holds great promise for applications in the field of PNR.

20.
Chem Sci ; 15(17): 6285-6313, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699256

RESUMO

Single atom catalysts (SACs) show exceptional molecular adsorption and electron transfer capabilities owing to their remarkable atomic efficiency and tunable electronic structure, thereby providing promising solutions for diverse important processes including photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, thermal catalysis, etc. Consequently, SACs hold great potential in the detection and degradation of pollutants present in contaminated gases. Over the past few years, SACs have made remarkable achievements in the field of contaminated gas detection and purification. In this review, we first provide a concise introduction to the significance and urgency of gas detection and pollutant purification, followed by a comprehensive overview of the structural feature identification methods for SACs. Subsequently, we systematically summarize the three key properties of SACs for detecting contaminated gases and discuss the research progress made in utilizing SACs to purify polluted gases. Finally, we analyze the enhancement mechanism and advantages of SACs in polluted gas detection and purification, and propose strategies to address challenges and expedite the development of SACs in polluted gas detection and purification.

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