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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029768

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after cryoablation still needs to be prioritized, including discriminating predictive indicators. METHODS: Eighty-seven patients aged 43-83 years who underwent cryo-balloon ablation were divided into paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (non-PAF) groups. Baseline data, intraoperative index, and miRNA21, IL-18, NLRP3, and visfatin levels in peripheral venous blood and left atrial blood were assessed. Follow-up was performed for 6 months to observe the recurrence of AF. A Cox risk ratio model was used to analyze indicators for predicting AF recurrence. RESULTS: The non-PAF and PAF group recurrence rates of AF were statistically different (p < 0.05) at 9/22 (40.9%) and 11/65 (16.9%), respectively. Biomarker levels in the left atrial blood were higher in the non-PAF group than in the PAF group (p < 0.05). The effects of non-PAF and levels of miRNA21 and IL-18 in left atrial serum on the recurrence of AF after cryoablation statistically differed (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The levels of miRNA21 and IL-18 were higher in left atrial blood than in peripheral blood, which may be related to the severity of AF and recurrence of AF after cryoablation.

2.
J Immunother Cancer ; 10(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph nodes (LNs) are regarded as key immune surveillance sites in cancer wherein mature dendritic cells present tumor-derived antigens to prime and activate T cells, which then migrate to the tumor site. However, it is unclear whether the tumor-specific T cells can be elicited within the tumor independent of the sentinel LNs. METHODS: We performed an integrative analysis of gene expression profiles of 65,285 cells and T cell receptor sequences of 15,831 T cells from 5 paired primary breast tumors and sentinel LNs to identify where clonal T cells come from and the characteristics of those clonal T cells. RESULTS: The proportion of clonal T cells was higher in the primary tumors compared with the sentinel LNs, whereas all expanded clones identified in the sentinel LN were also present in the primary tumors. In contrast, 10.91% of the expanded clones in the primary tumors were not found in the sentinel LNs. These novel intratumoral T cell clones were characterized by high tissues retention capacity (CXCR6 +ITGAE+) and a distinct coinhibitory pattern (CD39 +NKG2A+) compared with the expanded T cell clones common to both sites. Furthermore, multiplex immunofluorescence imaging showed the presence of tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) in the primary breast tumors wherein the activated cytolytic T cells were concentrated, indicating its possible role in eliciting non-sentinel LN-derived T cell clones. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed expanded intratumor non-sentinel LN derived T cell clones located in the TLS, which points to the need for exploring the role of TLS in antitumor immunity.

3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 220, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997151

RESUMO

Male breast cancer (MBC) is rare. Due to limited information, MBC has always been understudied. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program. The clinical and biological features of female breast cancer (FBC) patients were compared with MBC patients. Cox regression models and competing risks analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with cancer-related survival in MBC and FBC groups. Results showed that MBC patients suffered from higher TNM stages, tumor grades, and a higher percentage of hormone receptor-positive tumors, compared with FBC patients (all p < 0.05). In addition, the breast tumor locations varied a lot between males and females (p < 0.05). FBC patients were associated with superior overall survival than MBC patients. Results from multivariate cox regression and competing risks analyses showed age, race, T, N, M-stages, tumor grades, estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) overexpression were independent prognosis factors in FBC patients (all p < 0.05). MBC patients had similar risk factors to FBC patients, but PR and HER-2 status did not independently influence survival (all p > 0.05). Tumor location was an independent prognostic factor for both gender groups.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(3)2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022240

RESUMO

The quasiperiodic structures in metal alloys have been known to depend on the existence of icosahedral order in the melt. Among different phases observed in intermetallics, decagonal quasicrystal (DQC) structures have been identified in many glass-forming alloys yet remain inaccessible in bulk-state condensed soft matters. Via annealing the mixture of two giant molecules, the binary system assemblies into an axial DQC superlattice, which is identified comprehensively with meso-atomic accuracy. Analysis indicates that the DQC superlattice is composed of mesoatoms with an unusually broad volume distribution. The interplays of submesoatomic (molecular) and mesoatomic (supramolecular) local packings are found to play a crucial role in not only the formation of the metastable DQC superlattice but also its transition to dodecagonal quasicrystal and Frank-Kasper σ superlattices.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022980

RESUMO

The spatiotemporal distributions, influential factors, and ecological risks of 15 phthalate acid esters (PAEs) in the sediments of three typical lakes in Inner Mongolia were investigated in this work. PAEs were widespread in all surface sediments ranging from 598.3 to 3873.8 µg/kg dry weight. Average PAE concentrations were highest in the surface sediments of Wuliangsuhai Lake followed by Daihai and Hulun Lakes, which were consistent with population density and intensity of anthropogenic activities. Dibutyl phthalate, di-iso-butyl phthalate (DIBP), and diethyl phthalate (DEP) were the dominant PAEs with similar abundance orders for the three lakes. The cold climate could explain the higher DEP abundance in the sediments of lakes at higher latitudes. The highest Σ PAE and most individual PAE concentrations were located at one of the discharge river estuaries because most PAEs were terrestrial pollutants. Σ PAE concentrations in the core sediments increased with years and fluctuations owing to the increasing PAE usage and input. The second highest PAE concentration peaks were associated with the high gross domestic product growth rates in 2003-2008. Redundancy analysis revealed that butyl benzyl phthalate and diamyl phthalate in the surface sediments of Hulun Lake were principally positively influenced by organic matter (65.6% contribution among geochemical variables), Fe oxides (25.1% contribution among metals), and Mn oxides (23.8% contribution among metals). The DIBP and DEP exhibited high risks to sensitive fish according to a risk quotient assessment. This work presents new insights into PAE status and deposition mechanisms in the lakes within high latitudes or cold climates, and provides important information for future environmental protection and management.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; : 152967, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016947

RESUMO

This study aims to elucidate the role of sulfide and its precursors in anaerobic digestion (i.e., cysteine, representing sulfur-containing amino acids, and sulfate) on microbial oleate conversion to methane. Serine, with a similar structure to cysteine but with a hydroxyl group instead of a thiol, was included as a control to assess potential effects on methane formation that were not related to sulfur functionalities. The results showed that copresence of sulfide and oleate in anaerobic batch assays accelerated the methane formation compared to assays with only oleate and mitigated negative effect on methane formation caused by increased sulfide level. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of sulfide-exposed oleate suggested that sulfide reaction with oleate double bonds likely contributed to negation of the negative effect on the methanogenic activity. Methane formation from oleate was also accelerated in the presence of cysteine or serine, while sulfate decreased the cumulative methane formation from oleate. Neither cysteine nor serine was converted to methane, and their accelerating effects was associated to different mechanisms due to establishment of microbial communities with different structures, as evidenced by high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene. These outcomes contribute with new knowledge to develop strategies for optimum use of sulfur- and lipid-rich wastes in anaerobic digestion processes.

8.
Heliyon ; 8(1): e08704, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028474

RESUMO

The microstructures and morphologies of directionally solidified Ti-47Al alloys with different growth rates ranging from 1 to 200 µm/s were investigated using the Bridgman directionally solidified method. The results showed that numerous columnar grains were formed along the growth direction with the onset of directional solidification. With a variation in the growth rate, the solid/liquid interface changed from a flat to cellular and to dendritic interface. The flat-to-cellular interface transition rate of the Ti-47Al alloy varied from 1 to 3 µm/s. When the growth rate was higher than 10 µm/s, the solid/liquid interface showed typical dendritic growth. During the directional solidification process, the main phase of the directionally solidified Ti-47Al alloy was the α phase, which can be attributed to the solute segregation, supercooling of the components, and contamination of the alloy melt by the Y2O3 ceramic shell. After reaching the steady growth state during the directional solidification process, the solidification path of the alloy was: L→α→α+γ→(α2+γ) + γ. With an increase in the growth rate, the primary dendrite spacing (λ) and lamellar spacing (λs) of the alloy decreased gradually.

9.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repeated extreme high temperature occurs frequently in summer. Propylaea japonica is a predominant predator in Southeast Asia, and has been considered as a successful natural enemy to control aphids. However, how repeated extreme high temperature affects the fitness of P. japonica remains unclear. This study evaluated the immediate and subsequent fitness of P. japonica when egg, larva, pupa, and adult, were exposed to repeated high temperatures (39, 41, or 43 °C for 3 h exposure duration per day) during several days. RESULTS: The effect of repeated high temperatures on P. japonica fitness was stage-specific: egg stage was the most sensitive, larval and pupal stages were moderately resistant and adult stage was the most resistant to heat. Repeated high temperatures extended the immature developmental time and decreased sex ratio of eggs treated with these temperatures, compared to control eggs. The temperature of 39 °C had no significant effect on the pre-oviposition period, oviposition period, fecundity (except stress pupa), or longevity compared with the control, but negative carry-over effects above 39 °C on subsequent stages were found. CONCLUSION: Repeated high temperature for consecutive days not only had a significant effect on the immediate survival and developmental time, but also had deleterious effects on the subsequent development and performance of P. japonica. The present study provides valuable information for understanding and utilizing P. japonica to control aphids in challenging environment.

10.
Basic Clin Androl ; 32(1): 1, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ischiocavernosus muscle (ICM) encompasses a pair of short pinnate muscles attached to the pelvic ring. The ICM begins at the ischial tuberosity and ends at the crus of the penis while covering the surface of the crus. According to the traditional view, the contraction of the ICM plays an auxiliary role in penile erection. However, we have previously shown that the ICM plays an important role in penile erection through an indirect method of diagnosing erectile dysfunction (ED) caused by ICM injury by observing the infertility of paired female rats. Since intracavernosal pressure (ICP) is the current gold standard for diagnosing ED, this study aimed to amputate unilaterally/bilaterally the ICM to establish an ED model by detecting the ICP, recording the infertility of matching female rats, and comparing the two methods. RESULTS: Forty sexually mature adult male rats were selected and randomly divided into the following groups: the control group (n = 10), sham operation group (n = 10), unilateral ischiocavernosus muscle (Uni-ICM) amputation group (n = 10), and bilateral ischiocavernosus muscle (Bi-ICM) amputation group (n = 10). Eighty female reproductive rats were randomly assigned to the above groups at a ratio of 2:1. We evaluated the time to conception for the paired female rats and the effects of unilateral/bilateral severing of the ICM on erectile function. The results showed that the baseline and maximum intracavernosal pressure (ICP) in the control group, sham operation group, Uni-ICM amputation group, and Bi-ICM amputation group were 17.44±2.50 mmHg and 93.51±10.78 mmHg, 17.81±2.81 mmHg and 95.07±10.40 mmHg, 16.73±2.11 mmHg and 83.49±12.38 mmHg, and 14.78±2.78 mmHg and 33.57±6.72 mmHg, respectively, immediately postsurgery. The max ICP in the Bi-ICM amputation group was lower than that in the remaining three groups (all P<0.05). The pregnancy rates were 100, 100, 90, and 0% in the control group, sham operation group, Uni-ICM amputation group, and the Bi-ICM amputation group, respectively. The pregnancy rate in the Bi-ICM amputation group was significantly lower than that in the remaining groups (all P<0.05). The time to conception was approximately 7-10 days later in the Uni-ICM amputation group than in the control and sham groups (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Male rats undergoing Bi-ICM amputation may develop permanent ED, which affects their fertility. In contrast, rats undergoing Uni-ICM amputation may experience transient ED.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34984605

RESUMO

The farm-shelter forest network is a complex grid protection system, with a windbreak that is distinctly different from that of the single shelterbelt. We selected the farm-shelter forest network of a jujube field in the Tarim Basin of northwest China and used a combination of field measurements and wind tunnel tests to determine the optimal spacing interval between principal shelterbelts. The wind speed reductive curve of the farm-shelter forest network showed a gradual wind speed tendency to stability. Therefore, a model was established based on the energy transfer balance between the upper and the lower airflows for a steady wind speed. The prediction error of the model was found to be < 1%. The model results indicated that increasing the spacing interval between principal shelterbelts from 10 to 20 H, where H is the shelterbelt height, maintained more than 70% of the windbreak effect of the farm-shelter forest network. If the spacing interval between principal shelterbelts were to be increased from 10 to 20 H, the jujube planting area would be increased by 0.54%. Therefore, a thorough consideration of the windbreak effect of each shelterbelt, the synergistic effects of shelterbelts, the windbreak effects of tall crops, and the effects of temperature and humidity in farm-shelter forest networks indicates that increasing the spacing interval will not only maintain the windbreak effect, but it will also reduce the side effects of shelterbelts, increase the planting area, favor mechanized operation, and improve planting efficiency.

12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1540-1550, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583050

RESUMO

Nowadays, in the practical application of microwave absorption, it is still urgent and challenging to develop the microwave absorber with broadened bandwidth at a single thickness. Constructing composites with multi-component and multi-structure has been an effective strategy to obtain enhanced microwave absorption performance. Herein, yolk-shelled Co@SiO2@Mesoporous carbon (Co@SiO2@MC) microspheres were prepared by in-situ one-pot synthesis, carbonization reduction, and subsequent etching. The mesoporous carbon shell and hollow cavity structure were obtained simultaneously by controlling the etching of SiO2. The large carbon-air interface in the mesoporous shell and interior voids extend the propagation path of electromagnetic wave and enhance scattering. Owing to strong dielectric/magnetic loss, synergistic effect between different components and microstructures, as well as excellent impedance matching, Co@SiO2@MC microspheres exhibit desirable microwave absorption performance. Notably, for the sample with mesoporous carbon shell thickness of 25 nm, the effective absorption bandwidth (reflection loss below -10 dB) is as wide as 9.6 GHz (8.4-18 GHz), completely covering the whole X and Ku bands at 3.7 mm. The ultra-wide absorption bandwidth of the yolk-shelled Co@SiO2@MC microspheres highlight their potential application in the field of microwave absorption. Furthermore, this work provides new insights for the preparation of multi-component/multi-structure microwave absorbers.

13.
Inf Process Manag ; 59(1): 102782, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629687

RESUMO

In the early diagnosis of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), it is of great importance for either distinguishing severe cases from mild cases or predicting the conversion time that mild cases would possibly convert to severe cases. This study investigates both of them in a unified framework by exploring the problems such as slight appearance difference between mild cases and severe cases, the interpretability, the High Dimension and Low Sample Size (HDLSS) data, and the class imbalance. To this end, the proposed framework includes three steps: (1) feature extraction which first conducts the hierarchical segmentation on the chest Computed Tomography (CT) image data and then extracts multi-modality handcrafted features for each segment, aiming at capturing the slight appearance difference from different perspectives; (2) data augmentation which employs the over-sampling technique to augment the number of samples corresponding to the minority classes, aiming at investigating the class imbalance problem; and (3) joint construction of classification and regression by proposing a novel Multi-task Multi-modality Support Vector Machine (MM-SVM) method to solve the issue of the HDLSS data and achieve the interpretability. Experimental analysis on two synthetic and one real COVID-19 data set demonstrated that our proposed framework outperformed six state-of-the-art methods in terms of binary classification and regression performance.

14.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120405, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547681

RESUMO

A new method was developed for selectively and rapidly detecting carcinogen 4-aminobiphenyl, with lower limit of detection and wider linear range. Up-conversion nanoparticles ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+ was the first time to choose as light-emitting signal component. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) with specific recognition ability were successfully coated on the surface of ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+ to obtain a nano fluorescent probe for detecting 4-aminobiphenyl. The effect of addition amount of ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+ on the detection ability of ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+@MIPs was studied, and composite fluorescence nanoprobe with the best performance was obtained. ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+@MIPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffractometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The fluorescence intensity of ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+@MIPs decreased significantly compared with molecularly non-imprinted polymers ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+@NIPs (the maximum emission peak is at 541 nm) in the presence of 4-aminobiphenyl. Adsorption isotherm and adsorption kinetics between UCNP@MIPs and 4-ABP have been investigated and a satisfactory imprinting factor is 2.5. The detection mechanism is proved to be based on Langmuir adsorption and internal filtration effect. Under optimal experimental conditions, the limit of detection and quantification are 0.16 µM and 0.53 µM, respectively. The linear range of response is 1-50 µM, and RSD is less than 6.7%. This method was applied to determining river water samples in order to evaluate the practicability, and the good recovery rate is between 98.89% and 109.7%. These evidences demonstrate that ß-NaGdF4:Yb3+, Er3+@MIPs is successfully used for the detection of 4-aminobiphenyl.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Nanopartículas , Adsorção , Compostos de Aminobifenil
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 426: 128059, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34920220

RESUMO

A new strategy that simultaneous use of KHCO3 activated biochar and nano-MgO incorporation for Pb2+ and Cd2+ removal from water was raised. After activating by KHCO3, the BC showed a higher surface area and could carry more MgO nanoparticles the BC owned. The synthesized MgO-K-BC had a large adsorption capacity for Pb2+ (1625.5 mg/g) and Cd2+ (480.8 mg/g). Multiple characterization and comparative test have been performed to demonstrate that ion-exchange, precipitation, and complexation are the main mechanisms for Pb2+ and Cd2+ removal by MgO-K-BC. In order to further explore the adsorption mechanism in-depth, the density functional theory (DFT) calculation combined with experimental results were performed. The O-top of MgO was the most stable adsorption site for Pb2+/Cd2+ adsorption compared with other adsorption sites (Mg-top, bridge, and hollow). In addition, the results of charge density maps and projected density of state (PDOS) showed that the overlap of electron cloud and orbits between MgO and Pb2+ were denser than Cd2+, indicating that MgO-K-BC had a stronger affinity for Pb2+ than Cd2+, so that, MgO-K-BC had a higher adsorption capacity for Pb2+ than Cd2+. This work provides a deep understand of the mechanism for heavy metals adsorption by metal oxide and a practical and theoretical guidance for adsorbent preparation with high adsorption ability for heavy metal.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127135, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517298

RESUMO

This study investigated indigenous functional microbial communities associated with the degradation of chloroacetamide herbicides acetochlor (ACE), S-metolachlor (S-MET) and their enantiomers in repeatedly treated soils. The results showed that biodegradation was the main process for the degradation of ACE, S-MET and their enantiomers. Eight dominant bacterial genera associated with the degradation were found: Amycolatopsis, Saccharomonospora, Mycoplasma, Myroides, Mycobacterium, Burkholderia, Afipia, and Kribbella. The S-enantiomers of ACE and S-MET were preferentially degraded, which mainly relied on Amycolatopsis, Saccharomonospora and Kribbella for the ACE S-enantiomer and Amycolatopsis and Saccharomonospora for the S-MET S-enantiomer. Importantly, the relative abundances of Amycolatopsis and Saccharomonospora increased by 146.3%-4467.2% in the S-enantiomer treatments of ACE and S-MET compared with the control, which were significantly higher than that in the corresponding R-enantiomer treatments (25.3%-4168.2%). Both metagenomic and qPCR analyses demonstrated that four genes, ppah, alkb, benA, and p450, were the dominant biodegradation genes (BDGs) potentially involved in the preferential degradation of the S-enantiomers of ACE and S-MET. Furthermore, network analysis suggested that Amycolatopsis, Saccharomonospora, Mycoplasma, Myroides, and Mycobacterium were the potential hosts of these four BDGs. Our findings indicated that Amycolatopsis and Saccharomonospora might play pivotal roles in the preferential degradation of the S-enantiomers of ACE and S-MET.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Microbiota , Poluentes do Solo , Acetamidas , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Estereoisomerismo
17.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 180: 104981, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955174

RESUMO

The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), is a cosmopolitan agricultural pest and causes great damages each year. Afidopyropen is a novel insecticide with high efficacy against even the insecticides resistant M. persicae. However, the sublethal and transgenerational effects of afidopyropen on M. persicae is not clear. In the present paper, sublethal and transgenerational effects of afidopyropen on biological traits of M. persicae were determined based on the age-stage, two-sex life table theory. The afidopyropen was more toxic against M. persicae than other widely used insecticides, with LC50 of 0.086 mg/L. The treatment with LC5, LC15 and LC25 concentrations of afidopyropen remarkably reduced the longevity and fecundity of F0M. persicae by 15.9-64.4% and 24.3-76.7%, respectively, compared with those of the control. The life history traits of F1 generation including the pre-adult development time, mean total longevity, pre-adult survival rate, total pre-oviposition period and fecundity were significantly affected after treatment of the F0 with afidopyropen, and the population parameters, including the net reproductive rate (R0), intrinsic rate of increase (r) and finite rate of increase (λ) were also remarkably decreased, while the mean generation time (T) was extended by 6.94%. Among four development and reproduction related genes investigated, JHEH was downregulated by 31.8-38.0% in the afidopyropen treated F0 generation, while the EcR and JHAMT were overexpressed and the Vg was significantly downregulated in F1 generation compared to the control group. All these data indicated that the afidopyropen had significant sublethal and transgenerational effects on M. persicae. These results provide insights into comprehensively understanding of the insecticidal effects of afidopyropen on M. persicae as well as the management of resistant M. persicae.


Assuntos
Afídeos , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis , Inseticidas , Lactonas , Animais , Afídeos/genética , Prunus persica
18.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855203

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the relationship between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers including liver, gastric, gallbladder or extrahepatic bile duct, pancreatic, small intestine, esophageal, and colorectal cancer in the Kailuan Cohort study. We prospectively examined the relationship between HBV infection and new-onset GI cancers among 93,402 participants. Cox proportional hazards regression models, subgroup analyses and competing risk analyses were used to evaluate the association between HBV infection and the risk of new-onset GI cancers. During a median follow-up of 13.02 years, 1,791 incident GI cancer cases were diagnosed. Compared with HBsAg seronegative participants, a significant positive association between HBV infection and GI cancers was observed in the multivariate-adjusted models (HR 5.59, 95% CI: 4.84-6.45). In the site-specific analyses, participants with HBsAg seropositive exhibited an increased risk of liver cancer (HR = 21.56, 95% CI: 17.32-26.85), gallbladder or extrahepatic bile duct cancer (HR = 14.89, 95% CI: 10.36-21.41), colorectal cancer (HR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.15-2.96), and pancreatic cancer (HR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.10-3.99). After taking death as the competing risk event, the associations of HBV infection with the risk of these cancers were attenuated but remained significant both in the cause-specific hazards (CS) models, the sub-distribution proportional hazards (SD) models and sensitivity analyses. This study suggests that HBV infection is associated with the elevated risk of liver cancer and extrahepatic cancer including gallbladder or extrahepatic bile duct, pancreatic, and colorectal cancer among adults in Northern China. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 77(Pt 12): 1614-1623, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866616

RESUMO

Akkermansia muciniphila, an anaerobic Gram-negative bacterium, is a major intestinal commensal bacterium that can modulate the host immune response. It colonizes the mucosal layer and produces nutrients for the gut mucosa and other commensal bacteria. It is believed that mucin desulfation is the rate-limiting step in the mucin-degradation process, and bacterial sulfatases that carry out mucin desulfation have been well studied. However, little is known about the structural characteristics of A. muciniphila sulfatases. Here, the crystal structure of the premature form of the A. muciniphila sulfatase AmAS was determined. Structural analysis combined with docking experiments defined the critical active-site residues that are responsible for catalysis. The loop regions I-V were proposed to be essential for substrate binding. Structure-based sequence alignment and structural superposition allow further elucidation of how different subclasses of formylglycine-dependent sulfatases (FGly sulfatases) adopt the same catalytic mechanism but exhibit diverse substrate specificities. These results advance the understanding of the substrate-recognition mechanisms of A. muciniphila FGly-type sulfatases. Structural variations around the active sites account for the different substrate-binding properties. These results will enhance the understanding of the roles of bacterial sulfatases in the metabolism of glycans and host-microbe interactions in the human gut environment.

20.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 751907, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869657

RESUMO

Purpose: Left ventricular global function index (LVGFI) assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) seems promising in the prediction of clinical outcomes. However, the role of the LVGFI is uncertain in patients with heart failure (HF) with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). To describe the association of LVGFI and outcomes in patients with DCM, it was hypothesized that LVGFI is associated with decreased major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with DCM. Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted from January 2015 to April 2020 in consecutive patients with DCM who underwent CMR. The association between outcomes and LVGFI was assessed using a multivariable model adjusted with confounders. LVGFI was the primary exposure variable. The long-term outcome was a composite endpoint, including death or heart transplantation. Results: A total of 334 patients (mean age: 55 years) were included in this study. The average of CMR-LVGFI was 16.53%. Over a median follow-up of 565 days, 43 patients reached the composite endpoint. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with LVGFI lower than the cutoff values (15.73%) had a higher estimated cumulative incidence of the endpoint compared to those with LVGFI higher than the cutoff values (P = 0.0021). The hazard of MACEs decreased by 38% for each 1 SD increase in LVGFI (hazard ratio 0.62[95%CI 0.43-0.91]) and after adjustment by 46% (HR 0.54 [95%CI 0.32-0.89]). The association was consistent across subgroup analyses. Conclusion: In this study, an increase in CMR-LVGFI was associated with decreasing the long-term risk of MACEs with DCM after adjustment for traditional confounders.

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