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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 320-329, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332407

RESUMO

Herein, we report that the phosphorous-doped 1 T-MoS2 as co-catalyst decorated nitrogen-doped g-C3N4 nanosheets (P-1 T-MoS2@N-g-C3N4) are prepared by the hydrothermal and annealing process. The obtained P-1 T-MoS2@N-g-C3N4 composite presents an enhanced photocatalytic N2 reduction rate of 689.76 µmol L-1 g-1h-1 in deionized water without sacrificial agent under simulated sunlight irradiation, which is higher than that of pure g-C3N4 (265.62 µmol L-1 g-1h-1), 1 T-MoS2@g-C3N4 (415.57 µmol L-1 g-1h-1), 1 T-MoS2@N doped g-C3N4 (469.84 µmol L-1 g-1h-1), and P doped 1 T-MoS2@g-C3N4 (531.24 µmol L-1 g-1h-1). In addition, compared with pure g-C3N4 NSs (2.64 mmol L-1 g-1h-1), 1 T-MoS2@g-C3N4 (4.98 mmol L-1 g-1h-1), 1 T-MoS2@N doped g-C3N4 (6.21 mmol L-1 g-1h-1), and P doped 1 T-MoS2@g-C3N4 (9.78 mmol L-1 g-1h-1), P-1 T-MoS2@N-g-C3N4 (11.12 mmol L-1 g-1h-1) composite also shows a significant improvement for photocatalytic N2 fixation efficiency in the sacrificial agent (methanol). The improved photocatalytic activity of P-1 T-MoS2@N-g-C3N4 composite is ascribed to the following advantages: 1) Compared to pure g-C3N4, P-1 T-MoS2@N-g-C3N4 composite shows higher light absorption capacity, which can improve the utilization rate of the catalyst to light; 2) The P doping intercalation strategy can promote the conversion of 1 T phase MoS2, which in turn in favor of photogenerated electron transfer and reduce the recombination rate of carriers; 3) A large number of active sites on the edge of 1 T-MoS2 and the existence of N doping in g-C3N4 contribute to photocatalytic N2 fixation.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 655-660, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380907

RESUMO

The dying-back hypothesis holds that the damage to neuromuscular junctions and distal axons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis occurs at the earliest stage of the disease. Previous basic studies have confirmed early damage to neuromuscular junctions, but it is difficult to obtain such evidence directly in clinical practice. In this prospective cross-sectional study, we recruited 22 patients with early amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with disease duration < 12 months and with clinical symptoms limited to the upper limbs. We also recruited 32 healthy controls. Repetitive nerve stimulation was performed, and patients were followed for 12 months. We found a significant change in the response to repetitive nerve stimulation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients without spontaneous electromyographic activity. Patients that were prone to denervation had an increased decrement response of target muscles after repetitive nerve stimulation. These results suggest that changes in response to repetitive nerve stimulation may occur before denervation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. The damage to lower motor neurons is more obvious in patients with a higher percentage of repetitive never stimulation-related amplitude decrements. This study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Peking University Third Hospital (approval No. M2017198) on August 24, 2017.

3.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3286-3288, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722878

RESUMO

Epimedium L. is a medicinally important herbaceous genus in the family Berberidaceae. Epimedium fargesii Franch. is only narrowly inhabited in the Daba Mountains in China. Here, we sequenced and assembled the first complete chloroplast genome of Epimedium fargesii Franch. The chloroplast genome of E. fargesii was 157,208 bp in length, with a total GC content of 38.77%. A total of 112 unique genes were identified, including 78 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes, and four rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that E. fargesii formed a sister relationship with E. wushanense T. S. Ying. Our results provided fundamental data for further taxonomic and phylogenetic research of the genus Epimedium.

4.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 746797, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder with motor and non-motor symptoms. Recently, as adjuvant therapy, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to improve the motor and non-motor function of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This systematic review aimed to evaluate the existing evidence for the efficacy of tDCS for PD. We included English databases (PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science) and Chinese databases [Wanfang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), and China Biology Medicine (CBM)] without restricting the year of publication. Twenty-one tDCS studies, with a total of 736 participants, were included in the analysis. Two independent researchers extracted the data and characteristics of each study. There was a significant pooled effect size (-1.29; 95% CI = -1.60, -0.98; p < 0.00001; I 2 = 0%) in the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) I and the Montreal cognitive assessment (SMD = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.50 to 1.24; p < 0.00001; I 2 = 0%). The poor effect size was observed in the UPDRS III scores (SMD = -0.13; 95% CI = -0.64, 0.38; p = 0.61; I 2 = 77%), and similar results were observed for the timed up and go (TUG) test, Berg balance scale, and gait assessment. The results of this meta-analysis showed that there was insufficient evidence that tDCS improves the motor function of patients with PD. However, tDCS seemed to improve their cognitive performance. Further multicenter research with a larger sample size is needed. In addition, future research should focus on determining the tDCS parameters that are most beneficial to the functional recovery of patients with PD.

5.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 768767, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777322

RESUMO

This experiment aims to explore the effects of compound enzyme preparation substituting chlortetracycline on growth performance, serum immune markers, and antioxidant capacity and intestinal health in weaned piglets. A total of twenty-four 28-day-old "Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire" weaned piglets with an average initial weight of 7.25 ± 0.25 kg were randomly divided into three groups according to their body weight, with eight replicates in each group and one pig in each replicate. The three dietary treatments were basal diet (CON), basal diet + 1,000 mg/kg compound enzyme preparation (cellulase 4,000 IU/g, α-amylase 1,000 IU/g, ß-glucanase 150 IU/g, and neutral protease 3,000 IU/g, CE), and basal diet + 75 mg/kg chlortetracycline (CTC). The animal experiment lasted for 28 days and was divided into two stages: the early stage (0-14 days) and the late stage (15-28 days). The results showed that (1) compared with the CON, the CE and CTC significantly increased the ADG of weaned piglets during the early and whole period of experiment (p < 0.05), decreased the F:G in the whole experiment period (p < 0.05), and diarrhea rate in the early stage (p < 0.01). (2) Compared with the CON, the apparent total tract digestibility of ADF and NDF was significantly increased in pigs fed the CE diet in the early and late stages of experiment (p < 0.05) with no significant difference compared with the CTC. (3) Compared with the CON, the concentrations of serum IgA and SOD in weaned piglets were significantly increased in the CE group in the early stage of the experiment (p < 0.05). (4) Compared with the CON group, the acetic acid, propionic acid, and total VFA contents in cecum and colon segments were elevated in the CE group (p < 0.05) with no significant difference compared with the CTC. (5) Compared with the CON group, the villus height of duodenum and jejunum and the ratio of villus height to recess depth of ileum were increased in the CE and CTC group (p < 0.05). (6) Compared with the CON group, the abundance of Lactobacillus significantly increased (p < 0.01) while the abundance of Escherichia coli decreased in the CE group and CTC group (p < 0.01). In conclusion, CE preparation instead of CTC can significantly improve the nutrient digestibility, the immunity, antioxidant capacity, and intestinal health of pigs, which may contribute to the improved growth performance of piglets.

6.
Front Oncol ; 11: 759053, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778079

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prediction performance of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT and clinicopathologic characteristics on prostate cancer (PCa) risk stratification and distant metastatic prediction. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 101 consecutively patients with biopsy or radical prostatectomy proved PCa who underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT. The semi-quantitative analysis provided minimum, maximum and mean standardized uptake (SUVmin, SUVmax and SUVmean) of PCa. Association between clinicopathologic characteristics (total prostate-specific antigen, tPSA and Gleason Score, GS) and PET/CT indexes were analyzed. The diagnostic performance of distant metastatic on PET/CT parameters, tPSA and GS was evaluated using logistic regression analyses. A path analysis was conducted to evaluate the mediating effect of tPSA level on the relation between semi-quantitative parameters of primary tumors and metastatic lesions. Results: The PET/CT parameters were all higher in high risk stratification subgroups (tPSA>20 ng/mL, GS ≥ 8, and tPSA>20 ng/mL and/or GS ≥ 8, respectively) with high sensitivity (86.89%, 90.16% and 83.61%, respectively). The SUVmax, tPSA and GS could effectively predict distant metastatic with high sensitivity of SUVmax (90.50%) compared with tPSA (57.14%) and GS (55.61%). With a cutoff value of 29.01ng/mL for tPSA, the detection rate of distant metastasis between low and high prediction tPSA group had statistical differences (50.00% vs. 76.60%, respectively; P = 0.006) which was not found on guideline tPSA level (P>0.05). 6/15 (40%) patients tPSA between 20ng/mL to 29.01ng/mL without distant metastases may change the risk stratification. Finally, tPSA had a partial mediating effect on SUVmax of primary tumors and metastases lesions. Conclusion: The 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT SUVmax has a higher sensitivity and can be an "imaging biomarker" for primary PCa risk stratification. The prediction tPSA level (29.01 ng/mL) is more conducive to the assessment of distant metastasis and avoid unnecessary biopsy.

7.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(6)2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736230

RESUMO

The structure, magnetic and electronic transport properties of epitaxial Mn4N films fabricated by the facing-target reactive sputtering method have been investigated systematically. The high-quality growth of Mn4N films was confirmed by x-rayθ-2θ, pole figures and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The Mn4N films exhibit ferrimagnetic with strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The saturation magnetization of Mn4N films decreases with increasing temperature, following the Bloch's spin wave theory. The resistivity of Mn4N films exhibits metallic conductance mechanism. Debye temperature of Mn4N is estimated to be 85 K. The calculated residual resistivityρxx0of the 78.8 nm-thick Mn4N film is 30.56µΩ cm. The magnetoresistances of Mn4N films display a negative signal and butterfly shape. The sign of anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) is positive, which infers that the AMR is dominated by the spin-up conduction electrons. Moreover, the transformation of fourfold to twofold symmetry for AMR and twofold to onefold symmetry for planar Hall resistivity is attributed to tetragonal crystal field effect.

9.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127596, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808448

RESUMO

The antibiotics pollution has currently captured increasing concerns due to its potential hazards to the environment and human health. The development of efficient and viable techniques for the removal of antibiotics is one of the research hotspots in fields of wastewater treatment and pharmaceutical industry. Although the photodegradation of antibiotics is widely studied, the evolution and toxicity of degradation intermediates have been rarely documented. Herein, Pt nanoparticles (NPs) decorated BiVO4 nanosheets (Pt/BiVO4 NSs) that exhibit excellent tetracycline (TC) photodegradation activity and stability have been prepared. Especially, the TC degradation efficiency reaches ca. 88.5% after 60 min under visible light irradiation, which is superior to most of the metal loaded two-dimensional photocatalysts reported hitherto. The excellent photocatalytic activity is attributable to the enhanced light absorption capacity and charge separation efficiency in Pt/BiVO4 NSs. h+, •O2- and •OH are the main active species for TC degradation, resulting in three possible degradation pathways. Furthermore, we first verify that TC solutions treated by Pt/BiVO4 NSs are harmless to Escherichia coli K-12 and various bacteria in natural rivers, which would not stimulate Escherichia coli to produce antibiotics resistance genes (ARGs). This work develops an environmentally friendly photodegradation strategy using Pt/BiVO4 NSs with potentials for efficient remediation of antibiotics pollution in wastewater.

10.
Small ; : e2101699, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817129

RESUMO

High-performance hemostasis has become increasingly essential in treating various traumas. However, available topical hemostats still have various drawbacks and side-effects. Herein, hemostatic powders derived from the skin secretion of Andrias davidianus (SSAD) with controllable particle size are prepared using feasible frozen-ball milling following lyophilization for hemorrhage-control. Scanning electron microscopy, rheometry, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller test are used to characterize the coagulation-promoting surface topography, rheological properties, and porous structure of the SSAD particles. The blood-coagulation assays showed that the SSAD powders can induce blood-absorption in a particle size-dependent manner. Particle sizes of the SSAD powders larger than 200 µm and smaller than 800 µm greatly affect the blood-clotting rate. Associated with the thromboelastography (TEG) and amino acid/protein composition analyses, the accessibility and diffusion of blood are mainly dependent on the wettability, adhesivity, and clotting factors of the SSAD particles. Rapid hemostasis in vivo further involves three hemorrhage models (liver, femoral artery, and tail) as well as an oral wound model, which suggest favorable hemostatic and simultaneous regenerative effects of the SSAD hemostatic powder. Considering its degradability and good biocompatibility, SSAD can be an optimal candidate for a new class of inexpensive, natural, and promising hemostatic and wound-dressing agent.

11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 700995, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804005

RESUMO

The prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing worldwide and correlates with dysregulated immune response because of gut microbiota dysbiosis. Some adverse early life events influence the establishment of the gut microbiota and act as risk factors for IBD. Prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) induces gut dysbiosis and perturbs the neuroimmune network of offspring. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether PNMS increases the susceptibility of offspring to colitis in adulthood. The related index was assessed during the weaning period and adulthood. We found that PNMS impaired the intestinal epithelial cell proliferation, goblet cell and Paneth cell differentiation, and mucosal barrier function in 3-week-old offspring. PNMS induced low-grade intestinal inflammation, but no signs of microscopic inflammatory changes were observed. Although there was no pronounced difference between the PNMS and control offspring in terms of their overall measures of alpha diversity for the gut microbiota, distinct microbial community changes characterized by increases in Desulfovibrio, Streptococcus, and Enterococcus and decreases in Bifidobacterium and Blautia were induced in the 3-week-old PNMS offspring. Notably, the overgrowth of Desulfovibrio persisted from the weaning period to adulthood, consistent with the results observed using fluorescence in situ hybridization in the colon mucosa. Mechanistically, the fecal microbiota transplantation experiment showed that the gut microbiota from the PNMS group impaired the intestinal barrier function and induced low-grade inflammation. The fecal bacterial solution from the PNMS group was more potent than that from the control group in inducing inflammation and gut barrier disruption in CaCo-2 cells. After treatment with a TNF-α inhibitor (adalimumab), no statistical difference in the indicators of inflammation and intestinal barrier function was observed between the two groups. Finally, exposure to PNMS remarkably increased the values of the histopathological parameters and the inflammatory cytokine production in a mouse model of experimental colitis in adulthood. These findings suggest that PNMS can inhibit intestinal development, impair the barrier function, and cause gut dysbiosis characterized by the persistent overgrowth of Desulfovibrio in the offspring, resulting in exacerbated experimental colitis in adulthood.

12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 3328505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804363

RESUMO

Inflammaging refers to chronic, low-grade inflammation during aging, which contributes to the pathogenesis of age-related diseases. Studies have shown that probiotic intervention in the aging stage could delay aging-related disorders. However, whether the application of probiotics in early life could have antiaging effects on offspring was unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) colonization in early life on inflammaging of offspring. Pregnant mice with the same conception time were given LGG live bacteria (LC group) or LGG fixed bacteria (NC group) from the 18th day after pregnancy until natural birth. The progeny mice were treated with 107 cfu of live or fixed LGG for 0-5 days after birth, respectively. LGG colonization could be detected in the feces of 3-week offspring. The 16S rRNA sequencing analysis of 3-week-old offspring showed that colonization of LGG in early life could alter the composition and diversity of gut microbiota. Interestingly, the beneficial effects of LGG colonization in early life on the microbiota lasted to 8 months old. The abundance of longevity-related bacteria (Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Akkermansia muciniphila) increased significantly in the LGG colonization group. In addition, LGG colonization increased the abundance of short-chain fatty acid- (SCFA-) producing bacteria and the production of cecal SCFAs. LGG colonization in early life protected the intestinal barrier, enhanced antioxidant defense, attenuated epithelial cell DNA damage, and inhibited intestinal low-grade inflammation in 8-month-old progeny mice. Mechanically, LGG could upregulate Sirtuin1 (SIRT1)/Adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1-α (PGC-1α) pathway and repress activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), while the protective effect of LGG was blunted after SIRT1 gene silencing. Together, LGG colonization in early life could ameliorate inflammaging of offspring, which would provide a new strategy for the prevention of age-related diseases.

13.
Appl Opt ; 60(32): 10024-10034, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807105

RESUMO

This study proposes a method for camera calibration using the properties of conic asymptotes, which are combined with the projective invariance, images of the asymptotes, and image of the absolute points to obtain the vanishing line. Constraints for the image of the absolute conic are obtained from a set of orthogonal vanishing points, the homography, and images of the circular points. The proposed calibration algorithm is compared with several other research methods, and its effectiveness and robustness are verified within a certain error range from the results of simulated and real experiments for different eccentricities without loss of generality.

14.
Appl Opt ; 60(31): 9619-9623, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807142

RESUMO

A silicon-on-insulator polarization diversity scheme is proposed. Based on an asymmetrical evanescent coupler, a broadband and compact polarization splitter-rotator comprising mode conversion tapers and mode sorting asymmetric Y junctions is optimized with silicon dioxide upper cladding and a silicon nitride waveguide. The simulation results show mode conversion loss is less than 0.2 dB, and the extinction ratio is lower than -17dB in the wavelength range of 1.48µm to 1.67µm.

15.
Water Sci Technol ; 84(9): 2601-2614, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810334

RESUMO

A cost-effective approach was applied to prepare porous carbon samples by the simple carbonization of wormwood rod followed by salt activator (NaCl) activation. The effect of preparation parameters on the characteristics of the wormwood rod-based porous carbons (WWRs) were studied. The properties of these samples were investigated by SEM, BET surface area, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer. The prepared WWRs were applied as new adsorbent materials to remove methyl orange (MO). The experimental results indicated that WWR-800 activated at 800 °C possesses the best adsorption performance. Several factors that affected the adsorption property of the system such as the solution pH, dosing of adsorbent, initial dye concentration and ionic strength were examined. In addition, the thermodynamic parameters and kinetic parameters of MO with WWR-800 were studied. The results indicated that the adsorption of MO on WWR-800 was an endothermic process and non-spontaneous under standard conditions. The maximum equilibrium adsorption capacity of MO on WWR-800 was 454.55 mg/g. After five adsorption/desorption cycles, the adsorption capacity of MO on WWR-800 remained at 94%, which indicated that wormwood rod-based porous carbon possessed good reusability.

16.
Front Immunol ; 12: 742107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733280

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of dietary Mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) supplementation on skin barrier function and the mechanism of on-growing grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Five hundred forty grass carp were fed for 60 days from the growing stage with six different levels of MOS diets (0, 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1,000 mg kg-1). At the end of the growth trial, the 14-day Aeromonas hydrophila challenge experiment has proceeded. The obtained data indicate that MOS could (1) decline skin lesion morbidity after being challenged by the pathogenic bacteria; (2) maintain physical barrier function via improving antioxidant ability, inhibiting excessive apoptosis, and strengthening the tight junction between the epithelial cell and the related signaling pathway (Nrf2/Keap1, p38MAPK, and MLCK); and (3) regulate immune barrier function by modulating the production of antimicrobial compound and expression of involved cytokines and the related signaling pathway (TOR and NFκB). Finally, we concluded that MOS supplementation reinforced the disease resistance and protected the fish skin barrier function from Aeromonas hydrophila infection.

17.
Chem Biodivers ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752017

RESUMO

Many stilbene glycosides can alleviate skin hyperpigmentation due to their inhibitory effect on tyrosinase. Mulberrosides in Morus alba L. are stilbene glycosides. In the present study, the inhibition of tyrosinase by five mulberrosides( S1-5), isolated from Morus alba L. was investigated and compared, and the inhibitory mechanism was explored. These five mulberrosides exhibited obvious inhibitory effects on tyrosinase only in a concentration-dependent manner, without time-dependence, indicating that they are reversible inhibitors of tyrosinase. S2, S1 and S5 inhibited tyrosinase activity with IC50 values of 28.93, 75.94 and 151.72 µM, respectively, and were more active than kojic acid (IC50=169.13 µM). Kinetic studies revealed that S1, S2 and S4 were competitive inhibitors, while S3 and S5 were mixed  inhibitors. Analysis of the fluorescent spectra showed that mulberrosides S1, S2 and S4 quenched the intrinsic fluorescence intensity of tyrosinase. A molecular docking study indicated that the interaction of tyrosinase with mulberrosides was reflected by compound scores as follows: S2 > S5 >S1 > S3/S4 > kojic acid, and hydroxyl groups in the side chain of mulberrosides may play a crucial role in the binding of the enzyme. Our results suggest that mulberrosides in Morus alba L. could be further developed as whitening agents for enhanced performance against hyperpigmentation.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768896

RESUMO

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) is a potential therapeutic target for treating triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC). However, modulators for GPER1 that can be used to treat TNBC have not appeared. Berberine (BBR) is a bioactive isoquinoline alkaloid with high oral safety. In recent years, BBR has shown an inhibitory effect on TNBC tumors such as MDA-MB-231, but the molecular target remains unclear, which hinders related clinical research. Our work proved that BBR is a modulator of GPER1 that can inhibit cell viability, migration, and autophagy of MDA-MB-231 cells. The inhibitory effect of BBR on MDA-MB-231 cells has a dependence on estrogen levels. Although BBR promoted the proteasome, which is a major factor in the degradation of GPER1, it could still induce the protein level of GPER1. Correspondingly, the transcription of cellular communication network factor 2 (CCN2) was promoted. BBR could bind to GPER1 directly and change the secondary structure of GPER1, as in the case of 17ß-estradiol (E2). In addition, BBR induced not only a high degree of co-localization of GPER1 and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (MAP1LC3), but also the accumulation of sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/p62) by the inhibition of the nuclear translocation of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) subunit (RELA/p65), which indicates NF-κB inhibition and anti-cancer effects. This result proved that the promotional effect of BBR on the GPER1/NF-κB pathway was closely related to its inhibitory effect on autophagy, which may serve as a new mechanism by which to explain the inhibitory effect of BBR on MDA-MB-231 cells and expand our understanding of the function of both BBR and GPER1.

19.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 371, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain metastasis (BM) is thought to be related to the mortality and poor prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Despite promising development of NSCLC treatment, the treatment of NSCLC BM is still not optimistic due to the existence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that prevent drug penetration, as well as the short median survival time of the patients left for treatment. In this context, further development of quick and effective pre-clinical models is needed in NSCLC BM treatment. Here, we report a model system using zebrafish to promote the development of drugs for patients with NSCLC BM. METHODS: Three different NSCLC cell lines (H1975, A549 and H1299) were used to establish zebrafish BM models. The embryo age and cell number for injection were first optimized. Metastatic cells were observed in the brain blood vessels of zebrafish and were verified by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Then, the metastasis potentials of H1975 and A549 with manipulated microRNA-330-3p (miR-330-3p) expression were also investigated. Finally, sensitivities of H1975 and A549 to osimertinib and gefitinib were tested. RESULTS: This zebrafish BM model could distinguish NSCLC cell lines with different BM potential. Over-expressed miR-330-p significantly improved the BM potential of the A549 cells while knockdown miR-330-p reduced the BM ability of the H1975 cells. Both osimertinib and gefitinib showed inhibition effect in zebrafish BM model with the inhibition rate higher than 50 %. H1975 cell showed much higher sensitivity to osimertinib rather than gefitinib both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: We established zebrafish brain metastasis model for studying mechanism and treatment of NSCLC BM. This study provided a useful model for NSCLC brain metastasis that could be used to study the mechanism that drive NSCLC cells to the brain as well as identify potential therapeutic options.

20.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2103981, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802200

RESUMO

Bombyx mori silk fibers exhibit significant potential for applications in smart textiles, such as fiber sensors, fiber actuators, optical fibers, and energy harvester. Silk fibroin (SF) from B. mori silkworm fibers can be reconstructed/functionalized at the mesoscopic scale during refolding from the solution state into fibers. This facilitates the mesoscopic functionalization by engaging functional seeds in the refolding of unfolded SF molecules. In particular, SF solutions can be self-assembled into regenerated fiber devices by artificial spinning technologies, such as wet spinning, dry spinning, microfluidic spinning, electrospinning, and direct writing. Meso-functionalization manipulates the SF property from the mesoscopic scale, transforming the original silk fibers into smart fiber devices with smart functionalities, such as sensors, actuators, optical fibers, luminous fibers, and energy harvesters. In this review, the progress of mesoscopic structural construction from SF materials to fiber electronics/photonics is comprehensively summarized, along with the spinning technologies and fiber structure characterization methods. The applications, prospects, and challenges of smart silk fibers in textile devices for wearable personalized healthcare, self-propelled exoskeletons, optical and luminous fibers, and sustainable energy harvesters are also discussed.

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