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1.
Fitoterapia ; : 106022, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772509

RESUMO

Five new components including two new isoflavones, 5, 7, 2', 3'-tetrahydroxy-6-methoxyisoflavone (1), 5, 7, 2', 3'-tetrahydroxy-8-methoxyisoflavone (2), one flavonol 5, 3', 4'-tetrahydroxy-7, 2'-dimethoxyflavonol (3), one flavanone (2S)-5, 7, 3'-trihydroxy-2'-methoxyflavanone (4), and one flavanonol (2R, 3R)-3, 5, 3', 4'-tetrahydroxy-7, 2'-dimethoxyflavanonol (5), along with nine known flavonoids (6-14) were isolated from under ground parts of Iris tenuifolia Pall.. Their structures were elucidated by NMR and HRESIMS data and by comparison of CD spectra with compounds having similar structure. The separated compounds were evaluated for in vitro antioxidant activities by DPPH and ABTS. The α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of the compounds were evaluated with the pNPG method, the results indicated flavonoids were potential inhibitors of α-glucosidase. Moreover, in vitro anti-oxidative assay using flow cytometry indicated that compounds 1-5 showed strong oxidation resistance ability on C8D1A cells without affecting the cell viability.

2.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 2657-2668, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707960

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to understand predictors of inadequate response (IR) to low-dose febuxostat treatment based on clinical variables. Methods: We pooled data from 340 patients of an observational cohort and two clinical trials who received febuxostat 20 mg/day for at least 3 months. IR was defined as failure to reach the target serum urate level (sUA<6 mg/dL) at any time point during 3 months treatment. The potential predictors associated with short- or mid-term febuxostat IR after pooling the three cohorts were explored using mixed-effect logistic analysis. Machine learning models were performed to evaluate the predictors for IR using the pooled data as the discovery set and validated in an external test set. Results: Of the 340 patients, 68.9% and 51.8% were non-responders to low-dose febuxostat during short- and mid-term follow-up, respectively. Serum urate and triglyceride (TG) levels were significantly associated with febuxostat IR, but were also selected as significant features by LASSO analysis combined with age, BMI, and C-reactive protein (CRP). These five features in combination, using the best-performing stochastic gradient descent classifier, achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.873 (95% CI [0.763, 0.942]) and 0.706 (95% CI [0.636, 0.727]) in the internal and external test sets, respectively, to predict febuxostat IR. Conclusion: Response to low-dose febuxostat is associated with early sUA improvement in individual patients, as well as patient age, BMI, and levels of TG and CRP.

3.
Sex Transm Dis ; 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary effectiveness of a crowdsourced HIV partner services (PS) intervention among men who have sex with men living with HIV (MLWH) in China. METHODS: A pilot two-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in three HIV testing clinics in China. The control arm received conventional HIV PS while the intervention arm received a crowdsourced intervention, including HIV self-testing kits for secondary distribution (HIVST-SD), digital education materials, and assisted PS. The intervention was developed through two-phase crowdsourcing events including an open call and a Designathon. The primary outcomes were measured by the 3-month follow-up rate (i.e., the proportion of participants who completed the follow-up survey to report HIV PS outcomes three months after enrollment) and the frequency of using intervention components (feasibility), index evaluation of intervention components (acceptability), and the proportion of partners getting HIV testing (preliminary effectiveness). RESULTS: The study enrolled 121 newly diagnosed MLWH between July 2021 and May 2022. The 3-month follow-up rates were 93% (75/81) and 83% (33/40) in the intervention and control arms, respectively. Crowdsourced intervention components demonstrated feasibility, with all indexes utilizing digital educational materials, 23 successfully using HIVST-SD, and six employing provider-referral to notify nine sexual partners. Acceptability was high, with HIVST-SD and digital educational materials rated 4·4 and 4.1 out of 5. The proportion of partners receiving HIV testing was 11% higher in the intervention arm than in the control arm (marginal significance with 95% CI = [-2%, 24%], 38% vs. 27%). CONCLUSION: The crowdsourced HIV PS intervention was acceptable and feasible, suggesting the potential to facilitate partner HIV testing among Chinese MLWH. Further implementation research is recommended to expand HIV PS among key populations in low- and middle-income countries.Clinical trial registration ID: NCT04971967 (Protocol ID: 19-0496).

4.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 192: 1-12, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718921

RESUMO

Thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) is characterized by extracellular matrix (ECM) dysregulation. Aberrations in the ECM stiffness can lead to changes in cellular functions. However, the mechanism by which ECM softening regulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMCs) phenotype switching remains unclear. To understand this mechanism, we cultured VSMCs in a soft extracellular matrix and discovered that the expression of microRNA (miR)-143/145, mediated by activation of the AKT signalling pathway, decreased significantly. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-143/145 reduced BAPN-induced aortic softening, switching the VSMC synthetic phenotype and the incidence of TAD in mice. Additionally, high-throughput sequencing of immunoprecipitated RNA indicated that the TEA domain transcription factor 1 (TEAD1) is a common target gene of miR-143/145, which was subsequently verified using a luciferase reporter assay. TEAD1 is upregulated in soft ECM hydrogels in vitro, whereas the switch to a synthetic phenotype in VSMCs decreases after TEAD1 knockdown. Finally, we verified that miR-143/145 levels are associated with disease severity and prognosis in patients with thoracic aortic dissection. ECM softening, as a result of promoting the VSMCs switch to a synthetic phenotype by downregulating miR-143/145, is an early trigger of TAD and provides a therapeutic target for this fatal disease. miR-143/145 plays a role in the early detection of aortic dissection and its severity and prognosis, which can offer information for future risk stratification of patients with dissection.

5.
Anesth Analg ; 138(6): e36-e37, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771604

Assuntos
Humanos
6.
Oral Oncol ; 153: 106834, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To meet the demand for personalized treatment, effective stratification of patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (mNPC) is essential. Hence, our study aimed to establish an M1 subdivision for prognostic prediction and treatment planning in patients with mNPC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 1239 patients with mNPC from three medical centers divided into the synchronous mNPC cohort (smNPC, n = 556) to establish an M1 stage subdivision and the metachronous mNPC cohort (mmNPC, n = 683) to validate this subdivision. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses identified covariates for the decision-tree model, proposing an M1 subdivision. Model performance was evaluated using time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves, Harrell's concordance index, calibration plots, and decision curve analyses. RESULTS: The proposed M1 subdivisions were M1a (≤5 metastatic lesions), M1b (>5 metastatic lesions + absent liver metastases), and M1c (>5 metastatic lesions + existing liver metastases) with median OS of 34, 22, and 13 months, respectively (p < 0.001). This M1 subdivision demonstrated superior discrimination (C-index = 0.698; 3-year AUC = 0.707) and clinical utility over those of existing staging systems. Calibration curves exhibited satisfactory agreement between predictions and actual observations. Internal and mmNPC cohort validation confirmed the robustness. Survival benefits from local metastatic treatment were observed in M1a, while immunotherapy improved survival in patients with M1b and M1c disease. CONCLUSION: This novel M1 staging strategy provides a refined approach for prognostic prediction and treatment planning in patients with mNPC, emphasizing the potential benefits of local and immunotherapeutic interventions based on individualized risk stratification.


Assuntos
Árvores de Decisões , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Idoso
7.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(10)2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to exploit integrated PET/MRI to simultaneously evaluate the morphological, component, and metabolic features of advanced atherosclerotic plaques and explore their incremental value. METHODS: In this observational prospective cohort study, patients with advanced plaque in the carotid artery underwent 18F-FDG PET/MRI. Plaque morphological features were measured, and plaque component features were determined via MRI according to AHA lesion-types. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) and tissue to background ratio (TBR) on PET were calculated. Area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were used to compare the incremental contribution of FDG uptake when added to AHA lesion-types for symptomatic plaque classification. RESULTS: A total of 280 patients with advanced plaque in the carotid artery were recruited. A total of 402 plaques were confirmed, and 87 of 402 (21.6%) were symptomatic plaques. 18F-FDG PET/MRI was performed a mean of 38 days (range 1-90) after the symptom. Increased stenosis degree (61.5% vs. 50.0%, p < 0.001) and TBR (2.96 vs. 2.32, p < 0.001) were observed in symptomatic plaques compared with asymptomatic plaques. The performance of the combined model (AHA lesion type VI + stenosis degree + TBR) for predicting symptomatic plaques was the best among all models (AUC = 0.789). The improvement of the combined model (AHA lesion type VII + stenosis degree + TBR) over AHA lesion type VII model for predicting symptomatic plaques was the highest (AUC = 0.757/0.454, combined model/AHA lesion type VII model), and the NRI was 50.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Integrated PET/MRI could simultaneously evaluate the morphological component and inflammation features of advanced atherosclerotic plaques and provide supplementary optimization information over AHA lesion-types for identifying vulnerable plaques in atherosclerosis subjects to achieve further stratification of stroke risk.

8.
Cancer Lett ; 593: 216930, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705566

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) triggers cellular senescence, complicating tumor microenvironments and affecting treatment outcomes. This study examines the role of lymphocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor B2 (LILRB2) in modulating RT-induced senescence and radiosensitivity in NSCLC. Through methodologies including irradiation, lentivirus transfection, and various molecular assays, we assessed LILRB2's expression and its impact on cellular senescence levels and tumor cell behaviors. Our findings reveal that RT upregulates LILRB2, facilitating senescence and a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which in turn enhances tumor proliferation and resistance to radiation. Importantly, LILRB2 silencing attenuates these effects by inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway, significantly increasing radiosensitivity in NSCLC models. Clinical data correlate high LILRB2 expression with reduced RT response and poorer prognosis, suggesting LILRB2's pivotal role in RT-induced senescence and its potential as a therapeutic target to improve NSCLC radiosensitivity.

9.
Am J Stem Cells ; 13(2): 59-74, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765805

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are an important class of ubiquitous genes involved in diverse biological functions. lncRNAs, defined as noncoding RNAs with a length exceeding 200 nucleotides, are abundantly expressed throughout cells; however, their precise functions remain largely elusive. From embryonic stem cell proliferation and differentiation to cancer cell proliferation and invasion, lncRNAs play multifaceted regulatory roles across various cellular stages. Moreover, lncRNAs participate in the regulation of differentiation and regeneration during cellular development processes while also playing a pivotal role in maintaining and regulating cell stemness. In this article, we comprehensively review the current knowledge regarding lncRNAs in this field, discussing their biological functions and mechanisms underlying stemness regulation along with the factors implicated in these processes. We emphasize the growing evidence supporting the significance of lncRNAs in governing cell stemness while indicating that disruptions or mutations within them may serve as fundamental causes for certain developmental disorders.

10.
Adv Mater ; 36(21): e2308921, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588501

RESUMO

Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is characterized by the formation of fibrous scar tissue within the uterine cavity, which significantly impacts female reproductive health and even leads to infertility. Unfortunately, severe cases of IUA currently lack effective treatments. This study presents a novel approach that utilizes tumor necrosis factor-(TNF) stimulated gene 6 (TSG6)-modified exosomes (Exos) in conjunction with an injectable thermosensitive hydrogel (CS/GP) to mitigate the occurrence of IUA by reducing endometrium fibrosis in a mouse IUA model. This study demonstrate that TSG6-modified Exos effectively inhibits the activation of inflammatory M1-like macrophages during the initial stages of inflammation and maintains the balance of macrophage phenotypes (M1/M2) during the repair phase. Moreover, TSG6 inhibits the interaction between macrophages and endometrial stromal fibroblasts, thereby preventing the activation of stromal fibroblasts into myofibroblasts. Furthermore, this research indicates that CS/GP facilitates the sustained release of TSG6-modified Exos, leading to a significant reduction in both the manifestations of IUA and the extent of endometrium fibrosis. Collectively, through the successful construction of CS/GP loaded with TSG6-modified Exos, a reduction in the occurrence and progression of IUA is achieved by mitigating endometrium fibrosis. Consequently, this approach holds promise for the treatment of IUA.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endométrio , Exossomos , Fibrose , Hidrogéis , Ativação de Macrófagos , Animais , Feminino , Endométrio/patologia , Endométrio/metabolismo , Camundongos , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/química , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/química , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Aderências Teciduais/prevenção & controle , Células RAW 264.7
11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 318, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Class III peroxidases (PODs) perform crucial functions in various developmental processes and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, their roles in wheat seed dormancy (SD) and germination remain elusive. RESULTS: Here, we identified a wheat class III POD gene, named TaPer12-3A, based on transcriptome data and expression analysis. TaPer12-3A showed decreasing and increasing expression trends with SD acquisition and release, respectively. It was highly expressed in wheat seeds and localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and cytoplasm. Germination tests were performed using the transgenic Arabidopsis and rice lines as well as wheat mutant mutagenized with ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) in Jing 411 (J411) background. These results indicated that TaPer12-3A negatively regulated SD and positively mediated germination. Further studies showed that TaPer12-3A maintained H2O2 homeostasis by scavenging excess H2O2 and participated in the biosynthesis and catabolism pathways of gibberellic acid and abscisic acid to regulate SD and germination. CONCLUSION: These findings not only provide new insights for future functional analysis of TaPer12-3A in regulating wheat SD and germination but also provide a target gene for breeding wheat varieties with high pre-harvest sprouting resistance by gene editing technology.


Assuntos
Germinação , Dormência de Plantas , Triticum , Triticum/genética , Triticum/enzimologia , Triticum/fisiologia , Dormência de Plantas/genética , Germinação/genética , Sementes/genética , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Giberelinas/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Peroxidases/genética , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Genes de Plantas
12.
Food Funct ; 15(9): 4668-4681, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568797

RESUMO

Background: Currently, the reported links between olive oil intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer morbidity and mortality, and all-cause mortality are inconsistent. The aim of this meta-analysis is to study the reported correlations of olive oil intake with CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and cancer incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched until March 7, 2024. Pooled relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by the random-effects model. Nonlinear dose-response relationships were modeled with restricted cubic splines. This study has been registered at PROSPERO (CRD42023419001). Results: Overall, 30 articles covering 2 710 351 participants were identified. Higher olive oil intake was linked with a reduced risk of CVD incidence (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.77, 0.93), CHD incidence (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.99), CVD mortality (RR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.67, 0.88), and all-cause mortality (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.81, 0.89). For a 10 g d-1 increment of olive oil intake, the risk of CVD incidence, stroke incidence, CVD mortality, and all-cause mortality decreased by 7%, 5%, 8%, and 8%, respectively. No association was found between olive oil intake and cancer incidence and mortality. Nonlinear relationships between olive oil intake and CVD and all-cause mortality were observed, with a reduced risk from intakes ranging from 0 to 18 g d-1 and 0 to 22 g d-1, respectively. Conclusion: Our study found that high olive oil intake was related to a lower risk of CVD and CHD incidence and CVD mortality and all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias , Azeite de Oliva , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Incidência , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404738, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634674

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR) to produce ethylene (C2H4) is conducive to sustainable development of energy and environment. At present, most electrocatalysts for C2H4 production are limited to the heavy metal copper, meanwhile, achieving metal-free catalysis remains a challenge. Noted piperazine with sp3 N hybridization is beneficial to CO2 capture, but CO2RR performance and mechanism have been lacking. Herein, based on linkage engineering, we construct a novel high-density sp3 N catalytic array via introducing piperazine into the crystalline and microporous aminal-linked covalent organic frameworks (COFs). Thanks to its high sp3 N density, strong CO2 capture capacity and great hydrophilicity, aminal-linked COF successfully achieves the conversion of CO2 to C2H4 with a Faraday efficiency up to 19.1 %, which is stand out in all reported metal-free COF electrocatalysts. In addition, a series of imine-linked COFs are synthesized and combined with DFT calculations to demonstrate the critical role of sp3 N in enhancing the kinetics of CO2RR. Therefore, this work reveals the extraordinary potential of linkage engineering in COFs to break through some catalytic bottlenecks.

14.
Neurosci Bull ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589712

RESUMO

Deafness is the prevailing sensory impairment among humans, impacting every aspect of one's existence. Half of congenital deafness cases are attributed to genetic factors. Studies have shown that Luzp2 is expressed in hair cells (HCs) and supporting cells of the inner ear, but its specific role in hearing remains unclear. To determine the importance of Luzp2 in auditory function, we generated mice deficient in Luzp2. Our results revealed that Luzp2 has predominant expression within the HCs and pillar cells. However, the loss of Luzp2 did not result in any changes in auditory threshold. HCs or synapse number and HC stereocilia morphology in Luzp2 knockout mice did not show any notable distinctions. This was the first study of the role of Luzp2 in hearing in mice, and our results provide important guidance for the screening of deafness genes.

15.
J Diabetes ; 16(4): e13530, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are predisposed to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Bone mineral density (BMD) is linked to CVD, but most studies focused on women. Our analysis aims to explore the association of BMD and fracture with the prevalence of CVD in men with T2DM. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, 856 men with T2DM were enrolled. BMDs at the lumbar spine (L2-4), femoral neck (FN), and total hip (TH) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The CVD outcome was determined as the sum of the following conditions: congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, the requirement for coronary artery revascularization, and stroke. The relationship between BMDs and CVD was investigated by restricted cubic spline curves and logistic regression models. RESULTS: A total of 163 (19.0%) patients developed CVD. The restricted cubic spline curve revealed a linear and negative association between FN-BMD, TH-BMD, and CVD. After full adjustments for confounding covariates, the odds ratios were 1.34 (95% confidence interval [CI] [1.11-1.61], p < .05), 1.3 (95% CI [1.05-1.60], p < .05), and 1.26 (95% CI [1.02-1.55], p < .05) for each 1-SD decrease in BMDs of L2-4, FN and TH, respectively. T-scores of < -1 for BMD of L2-4 and FN were independently associated with CVD (p < .05). Subgroup analyses further supported our findings. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CVD was inversely correlated with BMD levels in men with T2DM, particularly at the FN. We hypothesized that monitoring FN-BMD and early intervention would help reduce CVD risk in men with T2DM, especially those with hypertension.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fraturas Ósseas , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Densidade Óssea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prevalência , Absorciometria de Fóton , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações
16.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The abutments produced with circular symmetry failed to accurately replicate the natural teeth's cervical shapes. The purpose of this study was to measure cervical cross-sections of maxillary anterior teeth using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to design anatomic healing abutments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT data of 61 patients were analyzed using Ez3D Plus software. Measurements were taken at the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and 1 mm coronal to CEJ for maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines. Various parameters, including area, perimeter, and eight line segments in the distal (a), disto-palatal (b), palatal (c), mesio-palatal (d), mesial (e), mesio-labial (f), labial (g), and disto-labial (h) directions, were used to describe dental neck contours. The ratios (f/b and h/d) were analyzed, and differences based on sex and dental arch morphology were explored. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in area and perimeter between males and females, but not in f/b and h/d ratios. Differences in the f/b ratio were observed among dental arch morphologies for maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT measurements of cervical cross-sections provide more accurate data for designing anatomic healing abutments. The fabrication of anatomical healing abutments needs to consider the influence of gender on cervical size and to explore the potential effect of arch shape on cervical morphology. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The novel method provides detailed measurements for the description of dental cervical contours for patients with bilateral homonymous teeth missing. The measurements of this study could be utilized to design more accurate anatomic healing abutments to create desired morphology of peri-implant soft tissue.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663012

RESUMO

Organic semiconductor (OSC) gas sensors have garnered considerable attention due to their promising selectivity and inherent flexibility. Introducing a functional group or modification layer is an important route to modulate the doping/trapping state of the active layer and the gas absorption/desorption process. However, the majority of the functionalization lies in the surface/interface assembling process, which is difficult to control the functional group density. This in turn brings challenges for precise modulation of the charge transport and the doping/trapping density, which will affect the repeatability and reproducibility of sensing performance. Herein, we propose a facile bulk trapping strategy incorporating amino-terminated additive molecules via the vacuum deposition process, achieving ultrahigh sensitivity of ∼2000%/ppm at room temperature to NO2 gas and approaching ∼3000%/ppm at 50 °C. Additionally, the device exhibits commendable reproducibility, stability, and low concentration detection ability, reaching down to several ppb, indicating promising potential for future applications. Comprehensive analysis of electrical properties and density functional theory calculations reveals that these exceptional properties arise from the favorable electrical characteristics of the bulk trapping structure, the high mobility of C8-BTBT, and the elevated adsorption energy of NO2. This approach enables the construction of stable and reproducible sensitive sensors and helps to understand the sensing mechanism in OSC gas sensors.

18.
Ophthalmol Retina ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641006

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) scans of eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) were used to replace color, autofluorescence, infrared reflectance, and dye-based fundus angiographic imaging for the diagnosis and staging of AMD. Through the use of different algorithms with the SS-OCTA scans, both structural and angiographic information can be viewed and assessed using both cross-sectional and en face imaging strategies. DESIGN: Presented at the 2022 Charles L. Schepens, MD, Lecture at the American Academy of Ophthalmology Retina Subspecialty Day, Chicago, Illinois, on September 30, 2022 PARTICIPANTS: Patients with AMD METHODS: Review of published literature and ongoing clinical research using SS-OCTA imaging in AMD. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SS-OCTA imaging of AMD at different stages of disease progression. RESULTS: Volumetric SS-OCTA dense raster scans were used to diagnose and stage both exudative and nonexudative AMD. In eyes with nonexudative AMD, a single SS-OCTA scan was used to detect and measure structural features in the macula such as the area and volume of both typical soft drusen and calcified drusen, the presence and location of hyperreflective foci, the presence of reticular pseudodrusen, also known as subretinal drusenoid deposits, the thickness of the outer retinal layer, the presence and thickness of basal laminar deposits, the presence and area of persistent choroidal hypertransmission defects, and the presence of treatment-naïve nonexudative macular neovascularization. In eyes with exudative AMD, the same SS-OCTA scan pattern was used to detect and measure the presence of macular fluid, the presence and type of macular neovascularization, and the response of exudation to treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors. In addition, the same scan pattern was used to quantitate choriocapillaris (CC) perfusion, CC thickness, choroidal thickness, and the vascularity of the choroid. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with using several different instruments to perform multimodal imaging, a single SS-OCTA scan provides a convenient, comfortable, and comprehensive approach for obtaining qualitative and quantitative anatomic and angiographic information to monitor the onset, progression, and response to therapies in both nonexudative and exudative AMD.

19.
ACS Nano ; 18(16): 10930-10945, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604994

RESUMO

Rechargeable alkali metal-CO2 batteries, which combine high theoretical energy density and environmentally friendly CO2 fixation ability, have attracted worldwide attention. Unfortunately, their electrochemical performances are usually inferior for practical applications. Aiming to reveal the underlying causes, a combinatorial usage of advanced nondestructive and postmortem characterization tools is used to intensively study the failure mechanisms of Li/Na-CO2 batteries. It is found that a porous interphase layer is formed between the separator and the Li/Na anode during the overvoltage rising and battery performance decaying process. A series of control experiments are designed to identify the underlying mechanisms dictating the observed morphological evolution of Li/Na anodes, and it is found that the CO2 synergist facilitates Li/Na chemical corrosion, the process of which is further promoted by the unwanted galvanic corrosion and the electrochemical cycling conditions. A detailed compositional analysis reveals that the as-formed interphase layers under different conditions are similar in species, with the main differences being their inconsistent quantity. Theoretical calculation results not only suggest an inherent intermolecular affinity between the CO2 and the electrolyte solvent but also provide the most thermodynamically favored CO2 reaction pathways. Based on these results, important implications for the further development of rechargeable alkali metal-CO2 batteries are discussed. The current discoveries not only fundamentally enrich our knowledge of the failure mechanisms of rechargeable alkali metal-CO2 batteries but also provide mechanistic directions for protecting metal anodes to build high-reversible alkali metal-CO2 batteries.

20.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 334, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: B-box (BBX) proteins are a type of zinc finger proteins containing one or two B-box domains. They play important roles in development and diverse stress responses of plants, yet their roles in wheat remain unclear. RESULTS: In this study, 96 BBX genes were identified in the wheat genome and classified into five subfamilies. Subcellular localization prediction results showed that 68 TaBBXs were localized in the nucleus. Protein interaction prediction analysis indicated that interaction was one way that these proteins exerted their functions. Promoter analysis indicated that TaBBXs may play important roles in light signal, hormone, and stress responses. qRT-PCR analysis revealed that 14 TaBBXs were highly expressed in seeds compared with other tissues. These were probably involved in seed dormancy and germination, and their expression patterns were investigated during dormancy acquisition and release in the seeds of wheat varieties Jing 411 and Hongmangchun 21, showing significant differences in seed dormancy and germination phenotypes. Subcellular localization analysis confirmed that the three candidates TaBBX2-2 A, TaBBX4-2 A, and TaBBX11-2D were nuclear proteins. Transcriptional self-activation experiments further demonstrated that TaBBX4-2A was transcriptionally active, but TaBBX2-2A and TaBBX11-2D were not. Protein interaction analysis revealed that TaBBX2-2A, TaBBX4-2A, and TaBBX11-2D had no interaction with each other, while TaBBX2-2A and TaBBX11-2D interacted with each other, indicating that TaBBX4-2A may regulate seed dormancy and germination by transcriptional regulation, and TaBBX2-2A and TaBBX11-2D may regulate seed dormancy and germination by forming a homologous complex. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the wheat BBX gene family was identified and characterized at the genomic level by bioinformatics analysis. These observations provide a theoretical basis for future studies on the functions of BBXs in wheat and other species.


Assuntos
Germinação , Família Multigênica , Dormência de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Triticum , Triticum/genética , Triticum/fisiologia , Dormência de Plantas/genética , Germinação/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Sementes/genética , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Simulação por Computador , Filogenia
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