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1.
Opt Express ; 32(10): 16712-16721, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858870

RESUMO

With the development of laser technology, nonlinear optics plays a crucial role in frequency conversion. However, the generation of second harmonics in nonlinear optical crystals is generally subject to rigorous phase-matching conditions that hinder the performance of broadband tunability. It is believed that introducing disorders in nonlinear optical materials is helpful to overcome this obstacle. In this work, we have prepared a nonlinear microcrystal-doped glass (NMG) composite material, allowing for tunable and polarization-independent nonlinear conversion from visible to near-infrared. The linear dependence of SHG intensity versus sample thickness indicated the facilitation of random quasi-phase matching by using the NMG. Our results provide a more stable and promising platform for disordered nonlinear photonic materials and suggest the possibility of more efficient nonlinear conversions using the NMG composite glass fibers in future.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(13): 2254-2262, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38808345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric bronchogenic cysts (BCs) are extremely rare cystic masses caused by abnormal development of the respiratory system during the embryonic period. Gastric bronchial cysts are rare lesions that were first reported in 1956; as of 2023, only 33 cases are available in the PubMed online database. BCs usually have no clinical symptoms in the early stage, and imaging findings also lack specificity. Therefore, they are difficult to diagnose before histopathological examination. CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old woman with respiratory distress presented at our hospital. Endoscopic ultrasound revealed an anechoic mass between the spleen, left kidney and gastric fundus, with hyperechogenic and soft elastography textures and with a size of approximately 6.5 cm × 4.0 cm. Furthermore, a computed tomography scan demonstrated high density between the posterior stomach and the spleen and the left kidney, with uniform internal density and a small amount of calcification. The maximum cross section was approximately 10.1 cm × 6.1 cm, and the possibility of a cyst was high. Because the imaging findings did not suggest a malignancy and because the patient required complete resection, she underwent laparotomy surgery. Intraoperatively, this cystic lesion was found to be located in the posterior wall of the large curvature of the fundus and was approximately 8 cm × 6 cm in size. Finally, the pathologists verified that the cyst in the fundus was a gastric BC. The patient recovered well, her symptoms of chest tightness disappeared, and the abdominal drain was removed on postoperative day 6, after which she was discharged on day 7 for 6 months of follow-up. She had no tumor recurrence or postoperative complications during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: This is a valuable report as it describes an extremely rare case of gastric BC. Moreover, this was a very young patient with a large BC in the stomach.

3.
Eur Radiol ; 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38780765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the endothelialization process and assess the potential association between endothelialization and peri-device leak (PDL) following Watchman implantation via a quantitative method. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective study of consecutive patients undergoing LAAO between December 2015 and November 2021. Device endothelialization, compared between PDL and non-PDL group, were quantitatively analyzed based on hypoattenuated thickening in cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Advancement in endothelialization over time were explored using the Cochran-Armitage test and generalized estimating equation approach. Potential risk factors of delayed endothelialization were analyzed using the Cox proportional-hazards model. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients (mean age, 68 years ± 10 [standard deviation], 114 men) were finally included. The average endothelialization ratio of the study population was 89.8 ± 7.2 percent. In the follow-up period of postprocedural 3 months to more than 12 months, an incremental trend of endothelialization over time was observed with the ratio of 85.8 ± 8.0, 89.6 ± 7.6, 92.2 ± 4.5, 94.3 ± 2.9 percent, respectively (p < 0.0001). Notably, patients without PDL exhibited a swifter advancement in endothelialization compared to those with PDL, irrespective of device size. The multivariable Cox regression model showed that PDL (HR = 2.113, 95%CI: 1.300-3.435, p = 0.003), DSP (HR = 1.717, 95%CI: 1.113-2.647, p = 0.014) were independent risk factors of delayed endothelialization. CONCLUSION: CCTA holds promise as an effective means of quantitatively assessing device endothelialization. Endothelialization advanced gradually over time, with PDL potentially impeding device endothelialization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: A comprehensive understanding of the correlation between endothelialization ratio, time, and residual shunt can establish a more dependable foundation for determining the appropriate anticoagulation treatment following left atrial appendage closure. KEY POINTS: Current recommendations for postleft atrial appendage occlusion anti-platelet and anticoagulation therapy are based on animal studies. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) combined with the UNet neural network model enables the quantitative assessment of device endothelialization. This technique will allow for additional studies to better understand device endothelialization to optimize treatments in this population.

4.
Discov Oncol ; 15(1): 188, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankyrin repeat domain 53 (ANKRD53) plays an important role in maintaining chromosome integrity and stability, and chromosome instability is associated with cancer. Through integrative analysis, this study investigates the potential value of ANKRD53 in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD). METHODS: RNA-seq and scRNA-seq data were used for integrative analysis based on online databases. Expression of ANKRD53 was confirmed by RT-PCR after bioinformatic analysis. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic value of ANKRD53 in STAD. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed to evaluate ANKRD53-related signaling pathways. In addition, the interaction of ANKRD53 with immunity was also investigated. RESULTS: RT-PCR in STAD cell lines confirmed that ANKRD53 was downregulated in STAD samples compared to normal samples in the online databases. As an independent predictive biomarker, ANKRD53 was combined with other clinicopathological parameters to create a prognostic nomogram. Using GSEA, ANKRD53 was found to be involved in five pathways, including the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Further investigation revealed that ANKRD53 was associated with immune checkpoint molecules, immunological pathways, and immunotherapy, in addition to MSI, TMB and neoantigens. In addition, scRNA-seq data revealed that ANKRD53 is mainly expressed in CD8+ T and dendritic cells. CONCLUSIONS: ANKRD53 is an important biomarker for STAD that deserves further attention.

5.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729344

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The CHA2DS2-VASc score, used to assess the risk of left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) formation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), has limited predictive value. Moreover, transesophageal echocardiography imaging, the gold standard diagnostic method to identify thrombi, is semi-invasive. Consequently, there is a need for alternative and noninvasive diagnostic methods for LAAT risk assessment. METHODS: Deep proteomic analysis was conducted in plasma samples from 8 patients with nonvalvular AF, divided into thrombus and control groups (4 patients in each group) based on the presence or absence of LAAT. Biomarkers associated with LAAT were validated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in a cohort of 179 patients with available clinical, transthoracic, and transesophageal echocardiography data. Predictive models were developed to assess the improvement in LAAT identification. RESULTS: The LAAT group had higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores, larger LA diameter, and lower LAA flow velocities. Deep proteomic analysis identified 30 differentially expressed proteins, including myosin light chain 4, prenylcysteine oxidase 1 (PCYOX1), and decorin as potential diagnostic biomarkers of LAAT. The model showed that PCYOX1 and decorin provided an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.970 for LAAT prediction compared with 0.672 in a model including the CHA2DS2-VASc score and LAA cauliflower morphology. The incremental value of proteomic biomarkers for LAAT in patients with nonvalvular AF was further confirmed with the net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement indices. CONCLUSIONS: Protein levels of PCYOX1 and decorin improve the predictive performance for LAAT in patients with nonvalvular AF.

6.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 21(4): 431-442, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of the minimalistic approach to left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) guided by cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: Ninety consecutive patients who underwent LAAO, with or without CCTA-guided, were matched (1:2). Each step of the LAAO procedure in the computed tomography (CT) guidance group (CT group) was directed by preprocedural CT planning. In the control group, LAAO was performed using the standard method. All patients were followed up for 12 months, and device surveillance was conducted using CCTA. RESULTS: A total of 90 patients were included in the analysis, with 30 patients in the CT group and 60 matched patients in the control group. All patients were successfully implanted with Watchman devices. The mean ages for the CT group and the control group were 70.0 ± 9.4 years and 68.4 ± 11.9 years (P = 0.52), respectively. The procedure duration (45.6 ± 10.7 min vs. 58.8 ± 13.0 min, P < 0.001) and hospital stay (7.5 ± 2.4 day vs. 9.6 ± 2.8 day, P = 0.001) in the CT group was significantly shorter compared to the control group. However, the total radiation dose was higher in the CT group compared to the control group (904.9 ± 348.0 mGy vs. 711.9 ± 211.2 mGy, P = 0.002). There were no significant differences in periprocedural pericardial effusion (3.3% vs. 6.3%, P = 0.8) between the two groups. The rate of postprocedural adverse events (13.3% vs. 18.3%, P = 0.55) were comparable between both groups at 12 months follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: CCTA is capable of detailed LAAO procedure planning. Minimalistic LAAO with preprocedural CCTA planning was feasible and safe, with shortened procedure time and acceptable increased radiation and contras consumption. For patients with contraindications to general anesthesia and/or transesophageal echocardiography, this promising method may be an alternative to conventional LAAO.

7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3991, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734724

RESUMO

Citrus reticulata cv. Chachiensis (CRC) is an important medicinal plant, its dried mature peels named "Guangchenpi", has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat cough, indigestion, and lung diseases for several hundred years. However, the biosynthesis of the crucial natural products polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) in CRC remains unclear. Here, we report a chromosome-scale genome assembly of CRC with the size of 314.96 Mb and a contig N50 of 16.22 Mb. Using multi-omics resources, we discover a putative caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (CcOMT1) that can transfer a methyl group to the 3-hydroxyl of natsudaidain to form 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HPMF). Based on transient overexpression and virus-induced gene silencing experiments, we propose that CcOMT1 is a candidate enzyme in HPMF biosynthesis. In addition, a potential gene regulatory network associated with PMF biosynthesis is identified. This study provides insights into PMF biosynthesis and may assist future research on mining genes for the biosynthesis of plant-based medicines.


Assuntos
Citrus , Flavonoides , Metiltransferases , Citrus/genética , Citrus/metabolismo , Flavonoides/biossíntese , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genoma de Planta , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Multiômica
8.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 13(4): 763-784, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736486

RESUMO

Background: Albeit considered with superior survival, around 30% of the early-stage non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (Ns-NSCLC) patients relapse within 5 years, suggesting unique biology. However, the biological characteristics of early-stage Ns-NSCLC, especially in the Chinese population, are still unclear. Methods: Multi-omics interrogation of early-stage Ns-NSCLC (stage I-III), paired blood samples and normal lung tissues (n=76) by whole-exome sequencing (WES), RNA sequencing, and T-cell receptor (TCR) sequencing were conducted. Results: An average of 128 exonic mutations were identified, and the most frequently mutant gene was EGFR (55%), followed by TP53 (37%) and TTN (26%). Mutations in MUC17, ABCA2, PDE4DIP, and MYO18B predicted significantly unfavorable disease-free survival (DFS). Moreover, cytobands amplifications in 8q24.3, 14q13.1, 14q11.2, and deletion in 3p21.1 were highlighted in recurrent cases. Higher incidence of human leukocyte antigen loss of heterozygosity (HLA-LOH), higher tumor mutational burden (TMB) and tumor neoantigen burden (TNB) were identified in ever-smokers than never-smokers. HLA-LOH also correlated with higher TMB, TNB, intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH), and whole chromosomal instability (wCIN) scores. Interestingly, higher ITH was an independent predictor of better DFS in early-stage Ns-NSCLC. Up-regulation of immune-related genes, including CRABP2, ULBP2, IL31RA, and IL1A, independently portended a dismal prognosis. Enhanced TCR diversity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) predicted better prognosis, indicative of a noninvasive method for relapse surveillance. Eventually, seven machine-learning (ML) algorithms were employed to evaluate the predictive accuracy of clinical, genomic, transcriptomic, and TCR repertoire data on DFS, showing that clinical and RNA features combination in the random forest (RF) algorithm, with area under the curve (AUC) of 97.5% and 83.3% in the training and testing cohort, respectively, significantly outperformed other methods. Conclusions: This study comprehensively profiled the genomic, transcriptomic, and TCR repertoire spectrums of Chinese early-stage Ns-NSCLC, shedding light on biological underpinnings and candidate biomarkers for prognosis development.

9.
Small ; : e2402459, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751061

RESUMO

The electrocatalytic conversion of inert CO2 to value-added chemical fuels powered by renewable energy is one of the benchmark approaches to address excessive carbon emissions and achieve carbon-neutral energy restructuring. However, the adsorption/activation of supersymmetric CO2 is facing insurmountable challenges that constrain its industrial-scale applications. Here, this theory-guided study confronts these challenges by leveraging the synergies of bimetallic sites and defect engineering, where pyrochlore-type semiconductor A2B2O7 is employed as research platform and the conversion of CO2-to-HCOOH as the model reaction. Specifically, defect engineering intensified greatly the chemisorption-induced CO2 polarization via the bimetallic coordination, thermodynamically beneficial to the HCOOH production via the *HCO2 intermediate. The optimal V-BSO-430 electrocatalyst with abundant surface oxygen vacancies achieved a superior HCOOH yield of 116.7 mmol h-1 cm-2 at -1.2 VRHE, rivalling the incumbent similar reaction systems. Furthermore, the unique catalytic unit featured with a Bi1-Sn-Bi2 triangular structure, which is reconstructed by defect engineering, and altered the pathway of CO2 adsorption and activation to allow the preferential affinity of the suspended O atom in *HCO2 to H. As a result, V-BSO-430 gave an impressive FEHCOOH of 93% at -1.0 VRHE. This study held promises for inspiring the exploration of bimetallic materials from the massive semiconductor database.

10.
Funct Plant Biol ; 512024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743838

RESUMO

Soil salinisation is an important abiotic stress faced in grape cultivating, leading to weakened plant vigour and reduced fruit quality. Melatonin as a novel hormone has shown positive exogenous application value. Therefore, this study used wine grape (Vitis vinifera ) 'Pinot Noir' as a test material to investigate the changes of foliar spraying with different concentrations of melatonin on the physiology and fruit quality of wine grapes in a field under simulated salt stress (200mmolL-1 NaCl). The results showed that foliar spraying of melatonin significantly increased the intercellular CO2 concentration, maximum photochemical quantum yield of PSII, relative chlorophyll and ascorbic acid content of the leaves, as well as the single spike weight, 100-grain weight, transverse and longitudinal diameters, malic acid, α-amino nitrogen and ammonia content of fruits, and decreased the initial fluorescence value of leaves, ascorbate peroxidase activity, glutathione content, fruit transverse to longitudinal ratio and tartaric acid content of plants under salt stress. Results of the comprehensive evaluation of the affiliation function indicated that 100µmolL-1 melatonin treatment had the best effect on reducing salt stress in grapes. In summary, melatonin application could enhance the salt tolerance of grapes by improving the photosynthetic capacity of grape plants under salt stress and promoting fruit development and quality formation, and these results provide new insights into the involvement of melatonin in the improvement of salt tolerance in crop, as well as some theoretical basis for the development and industrialisation of stress-resistant cultivation techniques for wine grapes.


Assuntos
Frutas , Melatonina , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Estresse Salino , Vitis , Vitis/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitis/fisiologia , Vitis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Melatonina/farmacologia , Melatonina/administração & dosagem , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estresse Salino/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorofila/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Vinho
11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1346195, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711782

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between serum leptin (LP) level and polysomnography (PSG) parameters in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The data of subjects who underwent PSG at hospital between January 2021 and December 2022 were collected retrospectively, 220 participants were included. The subjects were categorized into simple snoring group (n = 45), mild OSAHS group (n = 63), moderate OSAHS group (n = 52), and severe OSAHS group (n = 60). The general characteristics, PSG indices, and serological indices were collected retrospectively. Pearson correlation analysis was used to observe the correlation between serum LP level and PSG parameters. The value of serum LP level in predicting OSAHS was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: The serum LP level was positively correlated with micro-arousal count, micro-arousal index (MAI), high apnea hypopnea index, times of blood oxygen decreased by≥3% and time in saturation lower 90%, and negatively correlated with lowest nocturnal oxygen saturation and mean oxygen saturation (p < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of serum LP level in predicting the occurrence of OSAHS was 0.8276 (95% CI: 0.7713-0.8839), and when the Youden index was 0.587, the sensitivity was 72.00%, and the specificity was 86.67% (p < 0.0001). In the population with high MAI, the AUC of serum LP level in predicting the occurrence of OSAHS was 0.8825 (95% CI: 0.7833-0.9817), and when the Youden index was 0.690, the sensitivity was 79.00% and the specificity was 90.00% (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Serum LP level is associated with the severity of OSAHS. Serum LP level demonstrates a strong predictive value for the occurrence of OSAHS, particularly in population with high MAI.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700973

RESUMO

Prostate cancer screening often relies on cost-intensive MRIs and invasive needle biopsies. Transrectal ultrasound imaging, as a more affordable and non-invasive alternative, faces the challenge of high inter-class similarity and intra-class variability between benign and malignant prostate cancers. This complexity requires more stringent differentiation of subtle features for accurate auxiliary diagnosis. In response, we introduce the novel Deep Augmented Metric Learning (DAML) network, specifically tailored for ultrasound-based prostate cancer classification. The DAML network represents a significant innovation in the metric learning space, introducing the Semantic Differences Mining Strategy (SDMS) to effectively discern and represent subtle differences in prostate ultrasound images, thereby enhancing tumor classification accuracy. Additionally, the DAML network strategically addresses class variability and limited sample sizes by combining the Linear Interpolation Augmentation Strategy (LIAS) and Permutation-Aided Reconstruction Loss (PARL). This approach enriches feature representation and introduces variability with straightforward structures, mirroring the efficacy of advanced sample generation techniques. We carried out comprehensive empirical assessments of the DAML model by testing its key components against a range of models, ensuring its effectiveness. Our results demonstrate the enhanced performance of the DAML model, achieving classification accuracies of 0.857 and 0.888 for benign and malignant cancers, respectively, underscoring its effectiveness in prostate cancer classification via medical imaging.

13.
J Comput Chem ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760972

RESUMO

The regioselective radical CH trifluoromethylation of aromatic compounds have been shown to proceed in good yield and high regioselectivity when cyclodextrin (CD) is present. Yet, the reaction mechanism and the role of CD during the reaction have remained obscure. To this end, here we performed density functional theory (DFT) calculations to the conformations obtained by semiempirical quantum mechanical molecular dynamics calculations to reveal the reaction mechanism and the role of CD in controlling regioselectivity. The results show that metal salt increases the yield but do not affect the regioselectivity, which we further confirmed by an experiment. In contrast, multiple CD-substrate complex conformations and reaction pathways were obtained, and CD was shown to contribute to improving the regioselectivity by stabilizing the intermediate state via encapsulation. The present study indicates that CDs can increase the regioselectivity by stabilizing the intermediate and product states while only marginally affecting the transition state.

14.
Chem Rev ; 124(10): 6271-6392, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773953

RESUMO

Hydrogen is considered a clean and efficient energy carrier crucial for shaping the net-zero future. Large-scale production, transportation, storage, and use of green hydrogen are expected to be undertaken in the coming decades. As the smallest element in the universe, however, hydrogen can adsorb on, diffuse into, and interact with many metallic materials, degrading their mechanical properties. This multifaceted phenomenon is generically categorized as hydrogen embrittlement (HE). HE is one of the most complex material problems that arises as an outcome of the intricate interplay across specific spatial and temporal scales between the mechanical driving force and the material resistance fingerprinted by the microstructures and subsequently weakened by the presence of hydrogen. Based on recent developments in the field as well as our collective understanding, this Review is devoted to treating HE as a whole and providing a constructive and systematic discussion on hydrogen entry, diffusion, trapping, hydrogen-microstructure interaction mechanisms, and consequences of HE in steels, nickel alloys, and aluminum alloys used for energy transport and storage. HE in emerging material systems, such as high entropy alloys and additively manufactured materials, is also discussed. Priority has been particularly given to these less understood aspects. Combining perspectives of materials chemistry, materials science, mechanics, and artificial intelligence, this Review aspires to present a comprehensive and impartial viewpoint on the existing knowledge and conclude with our forecasts of various paths forward meant to fuel the exploration of future research regarding hydrogen-induced material challenges.

15.
Sci Adv ; 10(19): eadn6206, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728408

RESUMO

Light carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) holds unique properties and boosts myriad applications in diverse fields. However, the generation of an ultrafast wave packet carrying numerous vortices with various transverse OAM modes, i.e., vortex string, remains challenging, and the corresponding detection method is lacking. Here, we demonstrate that a vortex string with 28 spatiotemporal optical vortices (STOVs) with customizable topological charge (TC) arrangements can be generated in one wave packet. The diffraction rules of STOV strings are revealed theoretically and experimentally. Following these rules, the TC values and positions of all STOVs in a vortex string can be simultaneously recognized from the diffraction pattern. Such STOV strings facilitate STOV-based optical communication. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, the transmission of an image is realized with 16-STOV strings. This work provides guidance for revealing the underlying properties of the transverse OAM light and opens up opportunities for applications of the structured light in optical communication, quantum information processing, etc.

16.
Behav Pharmacol ; 35(4): 227-238, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651981

RESUMO

We have previously reported that two inhibitors of an E3 ligase S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2), SMIP004 and C1, have an antidepressant-like effect in non-stressed and chronically stressed mice. This prompted us to ask whether other Skp2 inhibitors could also have an antidepressant effect. Here, we used NSC689857, another Skp2 inhibitor, to investigate this hypothesis. The results showed that administration of NSC689857 (5 mg/kg) produced an antidepressant-like effect in a time-dependent manner in non-stressed male mice, which started 8 days after drug administration. Dose-dependent analysis showed that administration of 5 and 10 mg/kg, but not 1 mg/kg, of NSC689857 produced antidepressant-like effects in both non-stressed male and female mice. Administration of NSC689857 (5 mg/kg) also induced antidepressant-like effects in non-stressed male mice when administered three times within 24 h (24, 5, and 1 h before testing) but not when administered acutely (1 h before testing). In addition, NSC689857 and fluoxetine coadministration produced additive antidepressant-like effects in non-stressed male mice. These effects of NSC689857 were not associated with the changes in locomotor activity. Administration of NSC689857 (5 mg/kg) also attenuated depression-like behaviors in male mice induced by chronic social defeat stress, suggesting therapeutic potential of NSC689857 in depression. Overall, these results suggest that NSC689857 is capable of exerting antidepressant-like effects in both non-stressed and chronically stressed mice.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos , Benzotiepinas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fluoxetina/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/antagonistas & inibidores , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico
17.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 12(4): 357-370, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638379

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a prevalent complication of liver transplantation, partial hepatectomy, and severe infection, necessitating the development of more effective clinical strategies. Receptor activity-modifying protein 1 (RAMP1), a member of the G protein-coupled receptor adapter family, has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathological processes. The study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis of RAMP1 in HIRI. Methods: We established a 70% liver ischemia-reperfusion model in RAMP1 knockout (KO) and wild-type mice. Liver and blood samples were collected after 0, 6, and 24 h of hypoxia/reperfusion. Liver histological and serological analyses were performed to evaluate liver damage. We also conducted in-vitro and in-vivo experiments to explore the molecular mechanism underlying RAMP1 function. Results: Liver injury was exacerbated in RAMP1-KO mice compared with the sham group, as evidenced by increased cell death and elevated serum transaminase and inflammation levels. HIRI was promoted in RAMP1-KO mice via the induction of hepatocyte apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation. The absence of RAMP1 led to increased activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and yes-associated protein (YAP) phosphorylation, ultimately promoting apoptosis. SCH772984, an ERK/MAPK phosphorylation inhibitor, and PY-60, a YAP phosphorylation inhibitor, reduced apoptosis in in-vitro and in-vivo experiments. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that RAMP1 protects against HIRI by inhibiting ERK and YAP phosphorylation signal transduction, highlighting its potential as a therapeutic target for HIRI and providing a new avenue for intervention.

18.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652607

RESUMO

Proximal femoral fracture segmentation in computed tomography (CT) is essential in the preoperative planning of orthopedic surgeons. Recently, numerous deep learning-based approaches have been proposed for segmenting various structures within CT scans. Nevertheless, distinguishing various attributes between fracture fragments and soft tissue regions in CT scans frequently poses challenges, which have received comparatively limited research attention. Besides, the cornerstone of contemporary deep learning methodologies is the availability of annotated data, while detailed CT annotations remain scarce. To address the challenge, we propose a novel weakly-supervised framework, namely Rough Turbo Net (RT-Net), for the segmentation of proximal femoral fractures. We emphasize the utilization of human resources to produce rough annotations on a substantial scale, as opposed to relying on limited fine-grained annotations that demand a substantial time to create. In RT-Net, rough annotations pose fractured-region constraints, which have demonstrated significant efficacy in enhancing the accuracy of the network. Conversely, the fine annotations can provide more details for recognizing edges and soft tissues. Besides, we design a spatial adaptive attention module (SAAM) that adapts to the spatial distribution of the fracture regions and align feature in each decoder. Moreover, we propose a fine-edge loss which is applied through an edge discrimination network to penalize the absence or imprecision edge features. Extensive quantitative and qualitative experiments demonstrate the superiority of RT-Net to state-of-the-art approaches. Furthermore, additional experiments show that RT-Net has the capability to produce pseudo labels for raw CT images that can further improve fracture segmentation performance and has the potential to improve segmentation performance on public datasets. The code is available at: https://github.com/zyairelu/RT-Net.

19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 32(2): 476-482, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the reversal effect of NVP-BEZ235 on doxorubicin resistance in Burkitt lymphoma RAJI cell line. METHODS: The doxorubicin-resistant cell line was induced by treating RAJI cells with a concentration gradient of doxorubicin. The levels of Pgp, p-AKT, and p-mTOR in cells were detected by Western blot. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. IC50 was computed by SPSS. RESULTS: The doxorubicin-resistant Burkitt lymphoma cell line, RAJI/DOX, was established successfully. The expression of Pgp and the phosphorylation levels of AKT and mTOR in RAJI/DOX cell line were both higher than those in RAJI cell line. NVP-BEZ235 downregulated the phosphorylation levels of AKT and mTOR in RAJI/DOX cell line. NVP-BEZ235 inhibited the proliferation of RAJI/DOX cell line, and the effect was obvious when it was cooperated with doxorubicin. CONCLUSION: The constitutive activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway of RAJI/DOX cell line was more serious than RAJI cell line. NVP-BEZ235 reversed doxorubicin resistance of RAJI/DOX cell line by inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Proliferação de Células , Doxorrubicina , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Imidazóis , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Quinolinas , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Humanos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação
20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 32(2): 450-457, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of CD30 in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 124 cases of primary DLBCL diagnosed at Changzhou Second People's Hospital Affiliated with Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to July 2020. The expression of CD30 in patients with DLBCL was detected by immunohistochemical method, and the clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed and compared between CD30+ and CD30- groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for survival analysis. The relationship between CD30 expression and clinical features and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 124 patients with DLBCL, 19 patients expressed CD30, and the positive rate is 15.32%. The clinico-pathological characteristics of CD30+ in patients with DLBCL were characterized by low age, more common in males, fewer extranodal lesions, lower international prognostic index (IPI), GCB type being more common in Hans subtype, and achieving better therapeutic effects (P < 0.05). However, there were no significant statistical differences in B-symptoms (P =0.323), Ann Arbor staging (P =0.197), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score (P =0.479), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (P =0.477), and the involvement of bone marrow (P =0.222). There were significant differences in OS and PFS between the CD30+ and CD30- groups (χ2=5.653, P =0.017; χ2=4.109,P =0.043), the CD30+ group had a better prognosis than that of the CD30- group. The results of subgroup analysis showed that the CD30+ group in the IPI score=1-2, LDH elevated group had a better prognosis (P < 0.05). In the subgroups of Ann Arbor staging III-IV (P =0.055) and non GCB type (P =0.053), the CD30+ group had a good prognosis trend, but the difference was not statistically significant. The results of univariate analysis showed that the good prognosis of DLBCL patients was closely related to CD30+ expression, no B-symptoms, early Ann Arbor staging, low ECOG score, normal LDH, low IPI score, fewer extranodal involvement, and obtaining the best therapeutic effect as CR (all P <0.05). COX multivariate regression analysis showed that the presence of B-symptoms and achieving the best therapeutic effect as Non-CR were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of DLBCL patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The CD30+ expression in DLBCL patients indicates a good prognosis and has certain diagnostic value in evaluating the prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ki-1 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-1/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Prognóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Relevância Clínica
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