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1.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 49(4): 20190265, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to verify whether CBCT in comparison with panoramic radiography reduced the cases of temporary paresthesias of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) associated with third molar extractions. METHODS: The literature search included five databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, SciELO), in addition to gray literature and hand search of reference list of included studies. Two reviewers independently screened titles/abstracts, and full texts according to eligibility criteria, extracted data and evaluated risk of bias through Revised Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for Randomized Trials (RoB 2.0). Data were meta-analyzed by comparing CBCT versus panoramic radiographs for number of events (temporary paresthesia after third molar surgery). Fixed effect model was used for non-significant heterogeneity; relative risk (RR) and 95% CI were calculated. The certainty of evidence was evaluated by Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). RESULTS: Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in meta-analysis, and for the majority of domains they presented low risk of bias. RR was 1.23 (95% IC: 0.75-2.02; I2: 0%; p = 0.43) favouring panoramic radiography, but without significant effect, and with moderate certainty of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that both interventions had a similar ability to reduce temporary paresthesia of the IAN after third molar surgery with moderate certainty of evidence.

2.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(3): 265-275, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854043

RESUMO

The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among preschool children who had been born preterm and/or with low birth weight (LBW) compared with those who had been born full term and/or with normal birth weight (NBW). Eight electronic databases were searched from interception up to November 2018 with no restrictions imposed regarding the date of publication or language. Two independent reviewers screened studies, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias. A random-effects meta-analysis was run to pool the crude prevalence of dental caries according to gestational age and birth weight. We performed a narrative synthesis and assessed the certainty of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Fifty-nine observational studies were included (55 in the meta-analysis). The prevalence of dental caries was 39% among preterm children, 30% among full-term children, 40% among LBW children, and 33% among NBW children (I2 :97%-99%). The majority of studies reported that dental caries was not associated with gestational age or birth weight, with very low certainty of evidence. Preschool children born preterm or with LBW have similar dental caries experience as those born full term or with NBW, with very low certainty of evidence (PROSPERO #CDR42018118086).


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Prevalência
3.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-10, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1052869

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento de Graduandos da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (FAO-UFMG) quanto às indicações de uso de fluoretos em crianças. Métodos: Em 2015, dois grupos de estudantes foram convidados a participar do estudo: Grupo 1 (G1): 78 alunos do 1º período e Grupo 2 (G2): 72 alunos do 9º período (baseline). Em 2016, o G1 participou da reaplicação do mesmo questionário e a amostra de alunos recuperada foi de 66 graduandos (tempo 2 ­ T2). Foi realizada análise estatística dos dados usando os Testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson, Exato de Fisher e McNemar. Resultados: Comparando as respostas, houve diferenças de resposta em todas as questões entre G1 em baseline e G2 (p < 0,05). O conhecimento entre G1 no T2 e G2 foi semelhante (p > 0,05). As respostas foram diferentes entre G1 em baseline e G1 em T2 (p < 0,05), mostrando uma melhora do conhecimento para os mesmos alunos. Conclusão: No geral, pode-se dizer que ainda há uma defasagem no conhecimento, visto que muitas questões foram respondidas de maneira insatisfatória. (AU)


Aim: This study s oughtto compare the knowledge of undergraduate students from the Dental School of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (FOUFMG) regarding the recommendations of fluoride use for children. Methods: In 2015, two groups of students took part in the study: Group 1 (G1): 78 students from the 1stsemester and Group 2 (G2): 72 students from the last semester (baseline). In 2016, G1 answered the same questionnaire, and the sample retrieved was of 66 students (time 2). Pearson's Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and McNemar tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: Comparing the responses, the answers were different between G1 at the baseline and G2 (p < 0.05). The answers of the questionnaire were similar between G1 at time 2 and G2 at the baseline (p > 0.05). The answers were different between G1 at the baseline and G1 at time 2 (p < 0.05), illustrating an improvement in knowledge. Conclusion:In conclusion, there is still a lack of knowledge, as many questions were not properly answered by the students. (AU)


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Criança , Odontopediatria , Conhecimento , Dentifrícios , Educação , Fluoretos/administração & dosagem , Flúor , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Longitudinais , Avaliação Educacional
4.
Pediatr Dent ; 41(5): 341-353, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648664

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the clinical and radiographic results of pulp revascularization procedures employing a triple antibiotic paste in teeth with incomplete root formation. Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in February 2017 using PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Lilacs and The Brazilian Library of Dentistry, UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, U.S. National Institutes of Health, Clinical Trials, and Google. The search was updated in March 2019. Clinical trials in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, without any restrictions regarding the year of publication, were included. The quality of the studies was analyzed using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Results: The search retrieved 1,768 references, and eight studies were included for a qualitative analysis. In these eight studies, the risk of bias across the Cochrane tool's domains varied from low to unclear. The included studies demonstrated that the clinical and radiographic success of pulp revascularization using calcium hydroxide or triple antibiotic paste appears to resolve symptoms and periapical healing. Conclusions: Triple antibiotic paste is effective in the pulp revascularization therapy of teeth with incomplete root formation. Absence of symptoms and the achievement of periapical integrity have been observed. (Pediatr Dent 2019;41(5):341-53).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Polpa Dentária , Brasil , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Humanos
5.
Oral Dis ; 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prognosis for early-stage oral squamous cell carcinoma according to tumor depth of invasion (DOI). METHODS: This study was logged in the PROSPERO database under protocol # CRD42017059976. The search was conducted in six electronic databases up to May 2019. Fixed-effects meta-analysis was performed for the calculation of the odds ratio (OR) and respective 95% CI. Primary outcomes were lymph node metastasis, recurrence, and survival. Heterogeneity was calculated by the I2 test. The certainty of evidence was assessed by Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. RESULTS: Twenty-seven studies were included (19 in the meta-analysis) with 2,404 patients with a mean of 60 years of age. High tumor DOI is associated with a greater chance of presenting lymph node metastasis, regardless of the cutoff point for DOI (13 meta-analysis; OR 1.69-53.08), recurrence (five meta-analysis; OR 1.22-3.83), and lower chance of survival (1 meta-analysis; OR 0.49). The certainty of evidence varied from very low to low. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor DOI is a good prognosticator for early-stage OSCC. The findings of the current meta-analysis highlight the clinical relevance of DOI and corroborate its incorporation for staging OSCC.

6.
Health Promot Int ; 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071224

RESUMO

Sense of coherence (SOC) is regarded as the individuals' capacity for managing the stressors over their lifespan. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between SOC and dental caries. Electronic searchers were conducted in six databases: PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs and Proquest from their date of inception until November/2017. An update took place in August/2018. A hand search in the reference list of the included articles and gray literature search were also carried out. Retrieved titles/abstracts were screened by two review authors. Data of the included articles were extracted and quality assessment was also conducted. The first search retrieved 346 titles/abstracts. The update retrieved 33 records. Following the removal of 70 duplicates, 309 references were screened and 17 were included. The quality assessment ranged from low quality articles to high quality articles. High quality study showed that adult individuals with lower SOC were more likely to have dental caries. Meta-analysis showed that adolescents with low SOC were 5.41 times more likely to present dental caries than adolescents with high SOC (CI = 2.15-13.59). Mothers with low SOC were 5.55 times more likely to have children/adolescents with dental caries than mothers with high SOC (CI = 2.92-10.57). The subgroup analysis exploring continuous data showed that the SOC of mothers of children/adolescents without dental caries was significantly higher than the SOC of mothers of children/adolescents with dental caries (CI = 0.10-0.51). Higher levels of SOC seem to be associated with lower levels of dental caries.

7.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(5): 650-668, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30908775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether distraction techniques (DT) reduce children's/adolescent's anxiety and fear during dental treatment. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in which any type of DT were used to manage dental anxiety and dental fear in children/adolescents were included. A systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Lilacs, and Google Scholar was conducted. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data, assessed methodological quality of studies using the Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias tool (CCRBT), and approached certainty of evidence using GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation). Data were analysed descriptively. RESULTS: Twenty studies covering several types of DT (audio, audiovisual, instruments camouflage, biofeedback, dental operating microscope, toys) were included. Qualitative analysis showed with very low certainty of evidence that DT effectively reduced dental anxiety and fear depending on the distraction type, instrument used to measure dental anxiety and dental fear, and dental procedure. CCRBT evaluation identified many methodological issues in included studies. CONCLUSION: There is a very low certainty of evidence that DT can be effective in managing children's/adolescents' dental fear and anxiety during dental treatment. The heterogeneity of methodologies and findings in the studies, however, suggests more robust, and well-executed RCTs are needed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Medo , Odontopediatria , Adolescente , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(5): 585-595, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bruxism in children and its relation to the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has not been clearly determined yet. AIM: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the possible association between bruxism and TMD in children. DESIGN: Seven databases were searched, and 497 articles were assessed. Methodological quality was assessed through Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The meta-analysis was performed with the articles in which extraction of data was possible and the summary effect measure through odds ratio (OR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) was used to assess the certainty of evidence. RESULTS: Ten cross-sectional studies were included in the systematic review. Of these, 8 showed a statistically significant association between bruxism and TMD. Seven studies however presented a high risk of bias. The meta-analysis was performed with 3 articles and obtained an OR of 2.97 (95% CI ranging from 1.72-5.15), indicating that children with bruxism are 2.97 times more likely to present TMD, with very low level of certainty defined by GRADE. CONCLUSIONS: Although the studies showed high risk of bias, the qualitative analysis of individual studies showed that the children with bruxism have greater chance of developing TMD.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos
9.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e2018357, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review of test methodologies on conventional restorative glass-ionomer cement (GIC) materials for mechanical and optical properties to compare the results between different GICs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Screening of titles and abstracts, data extraction, and quality assessments of full-texts were conducted in search for in vitro studies on conventional GICs that follow the relevant specifications of ISO standards regarding the following mechanical and optical properties: compressive strength, flexural strength, color, opacity and radiopacity. SOURCES: The Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) databases from Latin-American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (BIREME) and PubMed/Medline (US National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health) databases were searched regardless of language. Altogether, 1146 in vitro studies were selected. Two reviewers independently selected and assessed the articles according to pre-established inclusion/exclusion criteria. Among all the properties investigated, only one study was classified as being of fair quality that tested compressive strength and was included. It was observed that many authors had not strictly followed ISO recommendations and that, for some properties (diametral tensile strength and microhardness), there are no guidelines provided. CONCLUSIONS: It was not possible to compare the results for the mechanical and optical properties of conventional restorative GICs due to the lack of standardization of studies.


Assuntos
Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Cor , Força Compressiva , Resistência à Flexão , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/normas , Teste de Materiais
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30482738

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific efficacy of infrared thermography (IT) on the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). STUDY DESIGN: An electronic search was performed in 8 databases for publications up to May 2018. Additionally, a hand search of the reference lists was conducted. There were no restrictions on language or on year of publication. Two independent reviewers selected the studies, reviewed the abstract information, and assessed the quality. The methodology of the included articles was evaluated by using the QUADAS-2 tool. RESULTS: Nine studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria and were included in the systematic review. Four studies concluded that IT presents low accuracy or is not an accurate instrument for TMD diagnosis, but there was substantial variation in sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristic curve values. Five studies concluded that IT appears to be promising or may be a complementary diagnostic aid in the evaluation of TMDs. These studies presented sensitivity values ranging from 70% to 90% and specificity values ranging from 62% to 92%. All studies were judged as being "at risk of bias" and as having "concerns regarding applicability." CONCLUSIONS: The literature is still lacking in sufficient number of studies regarding the reliability of IT for the diagnosis of TMDs.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Termografia , Humanos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e2018357, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-984572

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives To perform a systematic review of test methodologies on conventional restorative glass-ionomer cement (GIC) materials for mechanical and optical properties to compare the results between different GICs. Material and Methods Screening of titles and abstracts, data extraction, and quality assessments of full-texts were conducted in search for in vitro studies on conventional GICs that follow the relevant specifications of ISO standards regarding the following mechanical and optical properties: compressive strength, flexural strength, color, opacity and radiopacity. Sources The Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) databases from Latin-American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (BIREME) and PubMed/Medline (US National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health) databases were searched regardless of language. Altogether, 1146 in vitro studies were selected. Two reviewers independently selected and assessed the articles according to pre-established inclusion/exclusion criteria. Among all the properties investigated, only one study was classified as being of fair quality that tested compressive strength and was included. It was observed that many authors had not strictly followed ISO recommendations and that, for some properties (diametral tensile strength and microhardness), there are no guidelines provided. Conclusions It was not possible to compare the results for the mechanical and optical properties of conventional restorative GICs due to the lack of standardization of studies.

12.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 18(4): 315-331, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30514445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate human gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) as a potential biomarker for diagnosis of periodontal disease (International prospective register of systematic reviews [PROSPERO] number: CRD42015020199). METHODS: An electronic search for TNF-α in human GCF was conducted until May 17, 2018. Data from systemically healthy patients with healthy periodontium or periodontal disease were incorporated. Risk bias was assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for case-control studies and Jadad scale for clinical trials. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies were included (12 case-control studies, 7 clinical trials, and 7 randomized controlled trials). Most case-control studies showed increased TNF-α concentration in GCF of patients with periodontal disease. The clinical trials and randomized controlled trials demonstrated no consistent modification of TNF-α level after periodontal intervention. CONCLUSION: The present data support the use of TNF-α in GCF as a potential biomarker for diagnosis of periodontal disease but not to monitor the healing after therapy.


Assuntos
Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Doenças Periodontais , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Periodonto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
13.
J Dent ; 79: 1-10, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the scientific evidence from observational studies concerning the risk of peri-implantitis development in periodontally-compromised patients. SOURCE: The search was carried out in Medline, via PubMed, and the Cochrane Library up to March 2018. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical studies reporting data on periodontitis and peri-implantitis, with confirmed diagnosis of peri-implantitis based on specific parameters (peri-implant probing depth and peri-implant bleeding on probing) and with evaluations of implants with at least 1 year of function were selected. DATA: Nineteen articles were included; only two did not show any association between periodontitis and peri-implantitis. Quality analysis of the articles revealed a low risk of bias in most of the studies. Meta-analyses by study design on patient data showed that patients with periodontitis had a 2.29 higher risk of peri-implantitis than patients without periodontitis (95%CI: 1.34-3.24). However, the effect estimate was OR 5.15 (95%CI: -3.35; 13.65; I2: 0%, p = 0.887) for cohort studies. A subgroup analysis showed a significant association between peri-implantitis and chronic periodontitis (patient based data: OR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.79-4.00). Meta-analysis by study design on implant data showed that implants in individuals with periodontitis had 2.15 higher chances of having peri-implantitis (95%CI: 1.10; 3.21). However, the effect estimate was OR 3.24 (95%CI: -0.05; 6.53) for cohort studies. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review showed that diagnosis or history of periodontitis was associated with the occurrence of peri-implantitis. However, this association was not observed when only the cohort studies were analyzed. Results should be evaluated with caution due to heterogeneity among the included primary studies. Registration number CRD42015009518. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Peri-implantitis is a prevalent condition and and present an uncertain prognosis. Determining the potential factors associated with peri-implantitis is fundamental for preventive strategies.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Braz Dent J ; 29(4): 388-394, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462766

RESUMO

The immaturity of born to preterm infants may predispose to sucking difficulties. This research aimed to evaluate if pacifier use is associated with preterm birth and influenced in type of infant feeding. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in Belo Horizonte, Brazil and evaluated 250 children aged 3 to 5 years. As a sample, two groups were established: the normal term children group (n=125) was selected at a day-care centre and the group of preterm children (125) was identified at a public university hospital with a preterm care project from birth to seven years of age. To collect data, a pre-tested questionnaire regarding information on gestational age, infant development, infant feeding and non-nutritive sucking habits was used for both groups. Bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression was used for the statistical analysis. Pacifier use was more prevalent in the preterm group (PR=1.20, 95% CI=1.02-1.42) who used the bottle (PR=1.38, 95% CI=1.15-1.64) and were breastfed for less than six months (PR=1.19, 95% CI=1.01-1.41). The majority of breastfed infants were of normal term birth (PR=1.14, 95% CI=1.04-1.20) and had monthly family income greater than USD 450.28 (RP= 1.10, 95% CI=1.01-1.20). In this study, pacifier use was more prevalent among preterm infants and associated with less than six months of breastfeeding and used of bottle. Monthly family income was associated with a prevalence of breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Chupetas , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(9): e00024918, 2018 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281706

RESUMO

Dental mortality has been reported by longitudinal studies on periodontal maintenance therapy (PMT), but the independent effect of smoking on tooth loss (TL), adjusted for important confounding variables, has been poorly evaluated. This systematic review aimed to assess and analyze the isolated effect of smoking TL among individuals undergoing PMT. Electronic, manual, grey literature, and recent articles (from April 2018) were searched, with no restriction regarding language; respective dates of publication were included. Epidemiological clinical studies reporting TL data among smokers undergoing PMT in comparison to nonsmoker control groups were selected. Methodological quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Meta-analysis was performed, as well as I2 heterogeneity and sensitivity tests. Evidence quality was assessed using GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation). Eleven papers were included in the systematic review: four case-control and seven cohort studies. Ten out of the 11 studies concluded that smoking was an important risk factor for the occurrence of TL. Meta-analysis of four of the cohort studies found that smokers had 3.24 times the chance of occurrence of TL than nonsmokers undergoing PMT (95%CI: 1.33-7.90). Overall, studies' risk of bias was low. The quality of the scientific evidence moderately supports that smokers undergoing PMT have a greater chance of TL than nonsmokers.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Perda de Dente/etiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(4): 388-394, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-974161

RESUMO

Abstract The immaturity of born to preterm infants may predispose to sucking difficulties. This research aimed to evaluate if pacifier use is associated with preterm birth and influenced in type of infant feeding. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in Belo Horizonte, Brazil and evaluated 250 children aged 3 to 5 years. As a sample, two groups were established: the normal term children group (n=125) was selected at a day-care centre and the group of preterm children (125) was identified at a public university hospital with a preterm care project from birth to seven years of age. To collect data, a pre-tested questionnaire regarding information on gestational age, infant development, infant feeding and non-nutritive sucking habits was used for both groups. Bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression was used for the statistical analysis. Pacifier use was more prevalent in the preterm group (PR=1.20, 95% CI=1.02-1.42) who used the bottle (PR=1.38, 95% CI=1.15-1.64) and were breastfed for less than six months (PR=1.19, 95% CI=1.01-1.41). The majority of breastfed infants were of normal term birth (PR=1.14, 95% CI=1.04-1.20) and had monthly family income greater than USD 450.28 (RP= 1.10, 95% CI=1.01-1.20). In this study, pacifier use was more prevalent among preterm infants and associated with less than six months of breastfeeding and used of bottle. Monthly family income was associated with a prevalence of breastfeeding.


Resumo A imaturidade no nascimento para pretermos pode os predispor a dificuldades de sucção. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar se o uso de chupeta está associado ao nascimento prematuro e ao tipo de alimentação infantil. Este estudo transversal comparativo foi realizado em Belo Horizonte, Brasil e avaliou 250 crianças de 3 a 5 anos. A amostra foi composta por dois grupos: o grupo de crianças nascidas a termo (n = 125) que foi selecionado em uma creche e o grupo de crianças pré-termo (125) que foi contatado em um hospital universitário público vinculado a um projeto de cuidados pré-termo desde o nascimento até os sete anos de idade. Para coletar dados, um questionário pretextado sobre informações da idade gestacional, desenvolvimento infantil, alimentação infantil e hábitos de sucção não nutritiva foram utilizados para ambos os grupos. Análises bivariada e Regressão de Poisson multivariada foram utilizadas para a análise estatística. O uso de chupeta foi mais prevalente no grupo pré-termo (RP = 1,20, IC95% = 1,02-1,42), que usou a mamadeira (RP = 1,38; IC95% = 1,15-1,64) e foram amamentados ao seio por menos de seis meses (RP = 1,19, 95% IC = 1,01-1,41). A maioria das crianças amamentadas ao seio nasceram a termo (RP = 1,14, 95% IC = 1,04-1,20) e com renda familiar mensal maior que USD 450,28 (RP = 1,10, 95% IC = 1,01-1,20). Neste estudo, o uso de chupeta foi mais prevalente entre os prematuros e associado com a amamentação ao seio por menos de seis meses e uso de mamadeira. A renda familiar mensal associou-se a uma prevalência de prática da amamentação ao seio.

17.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2018 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence regarding the association between parental oral health literacy (OHL) and children's oral health is unclear. AIM: To evaluate the scientific evidence concerning the association between parental OHL and children's oral health outcomes. DESIGN: Eight databases were searched. Studies that evaluated oral health outcomes among children and measured parental OHL through a validated tool were included. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data and analysed the risk of bias. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included. Most (n = 6) had a high risk of bias. Most studies evaluating dental caries found association between lower parental OHL and higher prevalence/experience of dental caries. Poor oral health-related quality of life was associated with decreased parental OHL (P < 0.05). Studies diverged on the association between OHL and the number of filled, extracted teeth, and dental visits. There was no association between children's tooth brushing frequency, use of toothpaste, oral health claim, oral health expenditures and parental OHL. The literature was inconclusive regarding the association between night bottle feeding, negative parental perception of the child's oral health and OHL. CONCLUSION: Low parental OHL was associated with dental caries among their children. It is too soon to assume an association between OHL and the remaining outcomes.

18.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 76(8): 553-558, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate association between psychological factors, socio-demographic conditions, oral habits and anterior open bite in five-year-old preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 764 pairs of children and parents/caregivers in preschools. The parents/caregivers answered questionnaires addressing oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), sense of coherence, locus of control, oral habits and socio-demographic characteristics. The children answered a self-report questionnaire addressing OHRQoL and were submitted to a clinical examination for the anterior open bite by examiners. Descriptive analysis was conducted, followed by Poisson's regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of anterior open bite was 15.2%. The following variables remained significantly associated with anterior open bite: pacifier use (PR = 7.09; 95% CI: 4.06-12.39), attending a public preschool (PR = 2.40; 95% CI: 1.68-3.43), digit sucking (PR = 2.15; 95% CI: 1.27-3.62), greater number of residents in the home (PR = 1.67; 95% CI: 1.18-2.36) and impact on OHRQoL according to child's report (PR = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.11-2.20). CONCLUSIONS: Anterior open bite was associated with OHRQoL according to the children's reports. Moreover, attending a public preschool, a greater number of residents in the home, digit sucking and pacifier sucking were associated with this type of malocclusion.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta/psicologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Cuidadores , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Mordida Aberta/epidemiologia , Pais/psicologia , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Caries Res ; 52(6): 570-579, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723865

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the severity/activity of dental caries as well as sense of coherence (SOC) and locus of control (LOC) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 5-year-old children. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 769 children at schools in a city in northeast Brazil. Parents/caregivers answered validated questionnaires addressing SOC and LOC. The children and parents/caregivers answered their respective modules of the Brazilian version of the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5). Data were also collected on sociodemographic characteristics, visits to the dentist, and the occurrence of toothache. Clinical examinations were performed by 2 trained examiners. A directed acyclic graph was used to select covariates for statistical adjustment, and logistic regression for complex samples was used to test associations between the dependent and independent variables (α = 5%). For parents/caregivers, the variables associated with a negative impact on OHRQoL were the occurrence of toothache (odds ratio, OR: 10.53; 95% confidence interval, CI: 6.34-17.51; p < 0.001) and a low SOC (OR: 2.17; 95% CI: 1.37-3.43; p = 0.001). According to the children's perceptions, the following variables were associated with a negative impact on OHRQoL: toothache (OR: 3.58; 95% CI: 2.30-5.55; p < 0.001), caries activity (OR: 1.97; 95% CI: 1.07-3.62; p = 0.028), and traumatic dental injury (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.15-2.53; p = 0.007). Among parents/caregivers, a low SOC led to poorer OHRQoL. For the children, however, neither psychological aspect affected OHRQoL. In the perception of both the parents/caregivers and children, toothache was the oral condition that exerted a negative impact on OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Saúde Bucal , Pais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Senso de Coerência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/etiologia , Odontalgia/psicologia
20.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 149(7): 628-639.e11, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors systematically reviewed the scientific evidence of an association between periodontal disease and Down syndrome (DS). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In this systematic review, the authors included observational studies in which the investigators assessed the prevalence, incidence, or experience of periodontal disease in patients with DS compared with that in healthy patients. The authors used the Population, Exposure, Comparison, Outcome structure. The population was patients of any age, the exposure was the presence of DS, the comparison was the absence of DS, and the outcome was the presence of periodontal disease. The authors conducted an electronic search in 5 databases through March 2017. Two independent reviewers assessed the risk of bias by using the Fowkes and Fulton scale. The authors performed a meta-analysis to compare periodontal disease among patients with DS and those without DS. The authors calculated a summary effect measure-standard mean difference-when evaluating the means of the oral hygiene index. The authors assessed the strength of evidence from the selected studies by using a modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. RESULTS: The authors included 23 case-control studies in the systematic review and submitted 3 to meta-analysis. In the qualitative analysis, results from most studies showed that the prevalence of some periodontal parameters was higher among patients with DS than among those without DS. Evaluations of the Fowkes and Fulton scale point to many methodological problems in the studies evaluated. Results of the meta-analysis revealed no differences between groups with regard to the oral hygiene index (standard mean difference, 0.05; 95% confidence interval, -0.55 to 0.65; I2 = 0.0%). CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Further research is required, in particular well-designed studies that avoid the deficiencies identified in the studies in this review.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Down , Doenças Periodontais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
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